Omnipresence or ubiquity is the property of being present everywhere.
The term omnipresence is most often used in a religious context as an
attribute of a deity or supreme being, while the term ubiquity is
generally used to describe something "existing or being everywhere at
the same time, constantly encountered, widespread, common."
The omnipresence of a supreme being is conceived differently by
different religiousness s systems. In monotheistic beliefs like
Christianity, Judaism, and
Islam the divine and the universe are
separate, but the divine is present everywhere. In pantheistic beliefs
the divine and the universe are identical. In panentheistic beliefs
the divine interpenetrates the universe, but extends beyond it in time
Omnipresence in religions
3 See also
5 External links
Hinduism, and other religions that derive from it, incorporate the
theory of transcendent and immanent omnipresence which is the
traditional meaning of the word, Brahman. This theory defines a
universal and fundamental substance, which is the source of all
Divine omnipresence is thus one of the divine attributes, although in
Christianity it has attracted less philosophical attention
than such attributes as omnipotence, omniscience, or being eternal.
In Western theism, omnipresence is roughly described as the ability to
be "present everywhere at the same time", referring to an unbounded
or universal presence.
Omnipresence means minimally that there is no
place to which God’s knowledge and power do not extend. It is
related to the concept of ubiquity, the ability to be everywhere or in
many places at once. This includes unlimited temporal presence.
William Lane Craig
William Lane Craig states that we shouldn’t think of God as being in
space in the sense of being spread out like an invisible ether
throughout space. He is not like an invisible gas that is everywhere
present in space. This would be incorrect for several reasons. For
one, it would mean that if the universe is finite, which is perfectly
possible, then God would be finite. We do not want to say that because
God is infinite. More seriously, if God is spread out throughout
space, like an invisible ether, that means that he is not fully
Some[who?] argue that omnipresence is a derived characteristic: an
omniscient and omnipotent deity knows everything and can be and act
everywhere, simultaneously. Others propound a deity as having the
"Three O's", including omnipresence as a unique characteristic of the
Christian denominations — following theology
standardized by the
Nicene Creed — explains the concept of
omnipresence in the form of the "Trinity", by having a single deity
(God) made up of three omnipresent persons, Father, Son and Holy
Omnipresence in religions
Several ancient cultures such as the Vedic and the Native American
civilizations share similar views on omnipresent nature; the ancient
Egyptians, Greeks and Romans did not worship an omnipresent being.
Paleolithic cultures followed polytheistic
practices, a form of omnipresent deity arises from a
worldview that does not share ideas with mono-local deity cultures.
Some omnipresent religions see the whole of existence as a
manifestation of the deity. There are two predominant viewpoints here:
pantheism, deity is the summation of Existence; and panentheism, deity
is an emergent property of existence. The first is closest to the
Native Americans' worldview; the latter resembles the Vedic
In traditional Jewish monotheism belief of panentheism, or an
omnipresent God, is rejected. While the "entire concept of God
occupying physical space, or having any category of spatial reference
apply to him was completely rejected by pure Judaic monotheism,"
Hasidic teachings, along with certain
Kabbalistic systems, diverged to
postulate belief in panentheism.
In Islamic beliefs, pantheism is also rejected and omnipresence is
described to transcend the physical. According to Shia tradition in
Nahj al-Balagha, a compilation of Ali's teachings and letters, with
commentary by Morteza Motahhari, the only territory that God does not
enter is that of nothingness and non-existence. God is with
everything, but not in anything, and nothing is with him. God is not
within things, though not out of them. He is over and above every kind
of condition, state, similarity and likeness.
Ali says about God's
"He is with everything but not in physical nearness. He is different
from everything but not in physical separation."
“He is not inside things in the sense of physical [pervasion or]
penetration and is not outside them in the sense of [physical]
exclusion [for exclusion entails a kind of finitude].”
“He is distinct from things because He overpowers them, and the
things are distinct from Him because of their subjection to Him.”
In Christianity, as well as in
Kabbalistic and Hasidic philosophy, God
is omnipresent. However, the major difference between them and other
religious systems is that God is still transcendent to His creation
and yet immanent in relating to creation. God is not immersed in the
substance of creation, even though he is able to interact with it as
he chooses. He cannot be excluded from any location or object in
creation. God's presence is continuous throughout all of creation,
though it may not be revealed in the same way at the same time to
people everywhere. At times, he may be actively present in a
situation, while he may not reveal that he is present in another
circumstance in some other area. God is omnipresent in a way that he
is able to interact with his creation however he chooses, and is the
very essence of his creation. While contrary to normal physical
intuitions, such omnipresence is logically possible by way of the
classic geometric point or its equivalent, in that such a point is, by
definition, within all of space without taking up any space. The Bible
states that God can be both present to a person in a manifest manner
Isaiah 57:15) as well as being present in every situation
in all of creation at any given time (
Psalm 33:13-14). Specifically,
Oden states that the
Bible shows that God can be present in every
aspect of human life:
God is naturally present in every aspect of the natural order, in
every level of causality, every fleeting moment and momentous event of
God is bodily present in the
Incarnation (Christianity) of his Son,
Gospel of John
Gospel of John 1:14,
God is sacredly present and becomes known in special places where God
chooses to meet us, places that become set apart by the faithful
remembering community (
1 Corinthians 11:23-29) where it may said:
"Truly the Lord is in this place" (Genesis 28:16, Matthew 18:20)" 
^ Oxford Dictionary of English:
^ Craig, William Lane. "Doctrine of God (part 9)". Retrieved 20 May
^ "ubiquity". Merriam Webster's Collegiate Dictionary. Retrieved
^ "Nature and Attributes of God". Catholic Encyclopedia.
NewAdvent.org. September 1, 1909. Retrieved 2013-01-18.
^ Craig, William Lane. "Doctrine of God (part 8)". Retrieved 20 May
Saadia Gaon in his HaNivchar BaEmunot U'va-Deot, II, 11 (English
translation of portion free online at end of this post; Rosenblatt
translation [The Book of Beliefs and Opinions, Yale University, 1948],
p. 124-125; Arabic/Hebrew Kafih ed. [הנבחר באמונות
ובדעות, Jerusalem, 1970] p. 106). Cf. Maimonides' rejection of
panentheism in his Commentary on the Mishnah, Tractate Sanhedrin,
10:1, third principle (English translation by Rosner in Maimonides'
Commentary on the Mishnah: Tractate Sanhedrin [New York, 1981], p.
151; p. 141 in Kafih's Hebrew edition of the Order of Neziqin with
Maimonides' Commentary [Jerusalem, 1963]) and Is Judaism
Panentheistic? – A Brief Mekori Perspective.
^ Ilan, Yehudah B. Parashat Vayetze: HaMakom – God’s Place or the
Place of God? Retrieved 2016-02-16.
^ http://www.duas.org/pdfs/Nahjul-Balagha.pdf pg 42
^ Oden, Thomas C. The Living God. Systematic
Theology Vol. 1, 67-69
Look up omnipresence in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
Omnipresence from the Stanford Encyclop