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Omar Sharif
Omar Sharif
(Arabic: عمر الشريف‎, Egyptian Arabic pronunciation: [ˈʕomɑɾ eʃʃɪˈɾiːf]; born Michel Dimitri Chalhoub[1] [miˈʃel dɪˈmitɾi ʃælˈhuːb]; 10 April 1932 – 10 July 2015) was an Egyptian actor. He began his career in his native country in the 1950s, but is best known for his appearances in both British and American productions. His films included Lawrence of Arabia
Lawrence of Arabia
(1962), Doctor Zhivago (1965), and Funny Girl (1968). He was nominated for an Academy Award. He won three Golden Globe Awards and a César Award. Sharif, who spoke Arabic, English, French, Spanish and Italian fluently, was often cast as a foreigner of some sort. He bridled at travel restrictions imposed by the government of Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser, leading to self-exile in Europe. The estrangement led to an amicable divorce from his wife, the iconic Egyptian actress Faten Hamama. He had converted to Islam
Islam
in order to marry her. He was a lifelong horse racing enthusiast, and at one time ranked among the world's top contract bridge players.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Acting career

2.1 Egyptian Movie Star 2.2 Lawrence of Arabia 2.3 Dr Zhivago 2.4 Funny Girl 2.5 Series of Unsuccessful Films 2.6 1970s 2.7 1980s 2.8 1990s 2.9 Monsieur Ibrahim
Monsieur Ibrahim
and Later Films

3 Contract bridge
Contract bridge
career 4 Personal life

4.1 Family and personal relationships 4.2 Health problems and death

5 Awards 6 Filmography 7 References

7.1 Bibliography

8 External links

Early life[edit] Omar Sharif, whose adopted surname means "noble"[6][7] or "nobleman", was born as Michel Dimitri Chalhoub in Alexandria, Egypt,[8][9] to a family of Melkite Catholic descent: he belonged to a small ethnocultural minority known as the Damascene 'Antiochian' Greek Catholics of Egypt
Egypt
(Rum Katuleek al Shawamm), an offshoot of the Greek Orthodox Church of Antioch[10] His father, Joseph Chalhoub, a precious woods merchant originally from Damascus, Syria[11][12], moved to the port city of Alexandria
Alexandria
in the early 20th century, where Sharif was later born.[13] His family moved to Cairo
Cairo
when he was four.[14] His mother, Claire Saada originally from Latakia, Syria[15], was a noted society hostess, and Egypt's King Farouk was a regular visitor prior to his deposition in 1952.[16] In his youth, Sharif studied at Victoria College, Alexandria, where he showed a talent for languages. He later graduated from Cairo University with a degree in mathematics and physics.[17] He worked for a while in his father's precious wood business before studying acting at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art
Royal Academy of Dramatic Art
in London.[16][17] In 1955, Sharif changed his name and converted to Islam
Islam
in order to marry[17][18] fellow Egyptian actress Faten Hamama.[19][20] Acting career[edit] Egyptian Movie Star[edit] In 1954, Sharif began his acting career in Egypt
Egypt
with a role in The Blazing Sun (1943). He was also in Shaytan Al-Sahra ("Devil of the Desert"). In the same year he appeared in Sira` Fi al-Wadi
Sira` Fi al-Wadi
("Struggle in the Valley"). He quickly rose to stardom, appearing in Our Beautiful Days
Our Beautiful Days
(1955), The Lebanese Mission (1956) (a French film), Struggle in the Pier (1956), Sleepless (1957) ("La Anam]"), Land of Peace
Land of Peace
(1957), Goha (1958) (a Tunisian film that marked the debut of Claudia Cardinale), Struggle on the Nile
Struggle on the Nile
(1958), [[Lady of the Palace (film)]Lady of the Palace]] (1960), A Beginning and an End (1960), A Rumor of Love (1960), Sayyidat al-Qasr, the Anna Karenina
Anna Karenina
adaptation Nahr el hub ("The River of Love") in 1961 and There is a Man in our House (1961). He and his wife co-starred in several movies as romantic leads.[21] Lawrence of Arabia[edit] Sharif's first English-language role was that of (the fictitious) Sherif Ali in David Lean's historical epic Lawrence of Arabia
Lawrence of Arabia
in 1962. Sharif got the role when Dilip Kumar
Dilip Kumar
turned it down, Horst Buchholz proved unavailable and Maurice Ronet
Maurice Ronet
could not use contact lenses necessary to hide his eyes.[22] Casting Sharif in what is now considered one of the "most demanding supporting roles in Hollywood history" was both complex and risky as he was virtually unknown at the time outside of Egypt. However, as historian Steven Charles Caton notes, Lean insisted on using ethnic actors when possible to make the film authentic.[23]:56 Sharif would later use his ambiguous ethnicity in other films: "I spoke French, Greek, Italian, Spanish and even Arabic", he said.[24] As Sharif noted, his accent enabled him to "play the role of a foreigner without anyone knowing exactly where I came from", which he stated proved highly successful throughout his career.[23]:56 To get the role, Sharif had to sign a seven-film contract with Columbia at $50,000 a film.[25][26] Sharif went into another Hollywood blockbuster, Samuel Bronston's The Fall of the Roman Empire (1964) where he played the support role of Sohaemus of Armenia. Sharif was third billed in Columbia's Behold a Pale Horse (1964), playing a priest in the Spanish Civil War
Spanish Civil War
alongside Gregory Peck
Gregory Peck
and Anthony Quinn. Director Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
said he chose Sharif partly on the suggestion of David Lean. "He said he was an absolutely marvelous actor, 'If you possibly can, take a look at him.'"[27] Film historian Richard Schickel wrote that Sharif gave a "truly wonderful performance", especially noteworthy because of his totally different roles in Lawrence of Arabia: "It is hard to believe that the priest and the sheik are played by the same man".[28] The film, like Fall of the Roman Empire, was a commercial disappointment.[29] Sharif was one of many stars in MGM's The Yellow Rolls-Royce
The Yellow Rolls-Royce
(1964), playing a Yugoslav wartime patriot; the movie was a hit. Sharif had his first lead role in a Hollywood movie when he was cast in the title part of Genghis Khan (1965). Produced by Irving Allen and directed by Henry Levin for Columbia, the $4.5 million epic was a box office disappointment. He had a support role in a French Marco Polo biopic, Marco the Magnificent
Marco the Magnificent
(1965), starring Buchholz and Quinn. Dr Zhivago[edit]

With Geraldine Chaplin
Geraldine Chaplin
in Doctor Zhivago (1965)

While making Genghis Khan Sharif heard Lean was making an epic love story Doctor Zhivago (1965), an adaptation of Boris Pasternak's 1957 novel.[30] Sharif was a fan of the novel and pitched himself for one of the support roles; Lean decided to cast him in the lead, as Yuri Zhivago, a poet and physician.[31] Film historian Constantine Santas explained that Lean intended the film to be a poetic portrayal of the period, with large vistas of landscapes combined with a powerful score by Maurice Jarre. He noted that Sharif's role is "passive", his eyes reflecting "reality" which then become "the mirror of reality we ourselves see".[32] In a commentary on the DVD (2001 edition), Sharif described Lean's style of directing as similar to a general commanding an army.[32]:xxviii The film was a huge hit. For his performance, Sharif won the Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama.[33] Sharif followed it with a cameo in The Poppy Is Also a Flower
The Poppy Is Also a Flower
(1966). He, O'Toole and Lawrence producer Sam Spiegel
Sam Spiegel
were reunited in The Night of the Generals (1967), playing a German officer in World War Two, his fourth movie for Columbia. The film was not a success. Neither was the Italian-French fairytale More Than a Miracle
More Than a Miracle
(1967), despite co-starring Sophia Loren. Funny Girl[edit] Sharif was also praised for his portrayal of Nicky Arnstein
Nicky Arnstein
in Funny Girl (1968), at Columbia. He portrayed the husband of Fanny Brice, played by Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
in her first film role. His decision to work alongside Streisand angered Egypt's government because she was Jewish, and the country condemned the film. It was also "immediately banned" in numerous Arab nations.[34]:48 Streisand herself jokingly responded, "You think Cairo
Cairo
was upset? You should've seen the letter I got from my Aunt Rose!"[35] Sharif and Streisand became romantically involved during the filming.[34]:18 He admitted later that he did not find Streisand attractive at first, but her appeal soon overwhelmed him: "About a week from the moment I met her" he recalled, "I was madly in love with her. I thought she was the most gorgeous girl I'd ever seen in my life...I found her physically beautiful, and I started lusting after this woman."[34]:48[36] Series of Unsuccessful Films[edit] Sharif co-starred with Catherine Deneuve
Catherine Deneuve
in Mayerling (1968), playing Rudolf, Crown Prince of Austria. He was reunited with Peck in a Western at Columbia, Mackenna's Gold (1969), an unsuccessful attempt to repeat the success of The Guns of Navarone (1961). At 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
he played Che Guevera
Che Guevera
in Che! which flopped. The Appointment
The Appointment
(1969) teamed Sharif with Anouk Aimée
Anouk Aimée
and director Sidney Lumet
Sidney Lumet
but was not a hit. James Clavell's The Last Valley (1971) was a huge flop, despite co-starring Michael Caine.[37] The Horsemen (1971), directed by John Frankenheimer
John Frankenheimer
and the last movie under his Columbia contract, also performed poorly at the box office.[38] Sharif later said, "What killed my career was appearing in a succession of films you wouldn't turn down. They were by good directors, but they were bad films." He specifically referenced Behold a Pale Horse, The Appointment
The Appointment
and The Horseman.[39] The Burglars
The Burglars
(1971), a French crime film with Jean-Paul Belmondo
Jean-Paul Belmondo
and Dyan Cannon
Dyan Cannon
was a huge hit in France but little seen in the English speaking world.[40] 1970s[edit] Sharif played Captain Nemo
Captain Nemo
for European TV in an adaptation of Mysterious Island (1973). Sharif appeared in a thriller alongside Julie Andrews
Julie Andrews
for Blake Edwards, The Tamarind Seed
The Tamarind Seed
(1974). He supported Richard Harris and David Hemmings in a thriller, Juggernaut (1974). Sharif reprised the role of Nick Arnstein in the sequel to Funny Girl, Funny Lady
Funny Lady
in 1975.[41] He starred in a West German thriller Crime and Passion (1976) and had a cameo in Edwards' The Pink Panther Strikes Again (1976). Sharif had a small role in Ashanti (1979), starring Caine and a bigger one in Bloodline (1979). "I lost money on gambling, buying horses, things like that," he later said. "So I made those movies which I knew were rubbish... I'd call my agent and tell him to accept any part, just to bail myself out."[39] 1980s[edit] Sharif had a lead part in a spy spoof, S*H*E
S*H*E
(1980) and was second-billed (after James Coburn) in The Baltimore Bullet
The Baltimore Bullet
(1980). He had support parts in a Chevy Chase
Chevy Chase
comedy Oh! Heavenly Dog
Oh! Heavenly Dog
(1981) and a Ryan O'Neal
Ryan O'Neal
thriller Green Ice
Green Ice
(1981), and a small role in the comedy Top Secret!
Top Secret!
(1984). Sharif worked steadily in television, appearing in Peter the Great (1986), and Anastasia: The Mystery of Anna (1986) (as Nicholas II of Russia). He had support parts in Grand Larceny
Grand Larceny
(1987) and The Possessed (1988). His first notable credit in a while was Mountains of the Moon (1990) but Sharif's part was only small. 1990s[edit] Sharif was reunited with O'Toole a third time in The Rainbow Thief (1990). He went to Egypt
Egypt
for War in the Land of Egypt
Egypt
(1991) and France for Mayrig
Mayrig
(1991) with Claudia Cardinale, an autobiographical tale for Henri Verneuil. The latter was popular enough for a sequel, 588 rue paradis
588 rue paradis
(1992). Sharif could also be seen in Memories of Midnight
Memories of Midnight
(1991), Beyond Justice (1992), Catherine the Great (as Alexei Razumovsky), Gulliver's Travels (1996), Heaven Before I Die (1997), and Mysteries of Egypt (1998). He had his first decent role in a big Hollywood film in a long time with The 13th Warrior
The 13th Warrior
(1999). The outcome of the film's production disappointed Sharif so much that he temporarily retired from film acting, not taking a role in another major film until 2003's Monsieur Ibrahim:

I said to myself, 'Let us stop this nonsense, these meal tickets that we do because it pays well.' I thought, 'Unless I find a stupendous film that I love and that makes me want to leave home to do, I will stop.' Bad pictures are very humiliating, I was really sick. It is terrifying to have to do the dialogue from bad scripts, to face a director who does not know what he is doing, in a film so bad that it is not even worth exploring."[42]

Monsieur Ibrahim
Monsieur Ibrahim
and Later Films[edit]

Sharif at the Venice Film Festival
Venice Film Festival
in 2009

Sharif did have a small role in The Parole Officer (2001). In 2003 he said, "I went 25 years without making a good film."[39] In 2003, Sharif received acclaim for his leading role in Monsieur Ibrahim, a French-language film adaptation of the novel Monsieur Ibrahim et les fleurs du Coran, as a Muslim Turkish merchant who becomes a father figure for a Jewish boy.[43][44] For this performance, Sharif received the César Award
César Award
for Best Actor.[45] Sharif said of the film:

It has nice big chunks of dialogue, which is what I like to do, rather than riding horses or camels. I'd turned down everything and stopped working for four years. I said, 'I'm going to stop doing that rubbish and keep some dignity.' But when I read the script for 'Monsieur Ibrahim,' I phoned the producers immediately. I said, 'Hang on, I'm coming, wait for me.' My problem is finding parts. When you're young and successful, they write or adapt parts for you. But when you're an old chap, let's be frank, you don't sell tickets anymore. If they need an old Englishman, American or Italian, there are plenty of actors around. So what's open for me? Old Arabs. And that's what I play in this film.[39]

Sharif's later film roles included performances in Hidalgo (2004), Imperium: Saint Peter
Saint Peter
(2005) playing the title role for Italian television, and One Night with the King
One Night with the King
(2005) (again with O'Toole). Sharif could be seen in The Ten Commandments (2006). In Egypt
Egypt
he starred in Hassan and Marcus
Hassan and Marcus
(2008) with Adel Emam' and was in The Traveller (2009). He had support roles in The Last Templar (2009) and Rock the Casbah (2013).[46] Sharif's final role was as lead actor in the short science education film 1001 Inventions and the World of Ibn Al-Haytham, which was directed by Ahmed Salim
Ahmed Salim
and was released as part of the United Nations' International Year of Light
International Year of Light
campaign, operated by UNESCO.[47][48][49] Contract bridge
Contract bridge
career[edit]

Sharif playing contract bridge in the Netherlands, 1967

Sharif once ranked among the world's top 50 contract bridge players, and played in an exhibition match before the Shah of Iran.[50] With Charles Goren, Sharif co-wrote a syndicated newspaper bridge column for the Chicago Tribune[51] for several years, but mostly turned over the writing of the column to Tannah Hirsch. He was also both author and co-author of several books on bridge and licensed his name to a bridge video game; initially released in an MS-DOS
MS-DOS
version and Amiga version in 1992, Omar Sharif
Omar Sharif
on Bridge is still sold in Windows and mobile platform versions.[52] Computer Gaming World
Computer Gaming World
in 1992 described the game as "easy to get into, challenging to play and well-designed",[53] and named it one of the year's best strategy games.[54] In 1993 the magazine stated that "it does not play a very good game of bridge", however, and criticized it for inadequate documentation and forcing players to conform to its bidding style. The magazine recommended two other bridge games instead.[55] Sharif was a regular in casinos in France.[56] Personal life[edit] Family and personal relationships[edit] Sharif lived in Egypt
Egypt
from his birth in 1932 until he moved to Europe in 1965.[57] He recounted that in 1932, his father "wasn't a wealthy man", but "earned quite a bit of money".[58] Before the Egyptian Revolution of 1952, King Farouk frequented Sharif's family home, and became a friend and card-game partner of Sharif's mother. His mother was an elegant and charming hostess who was all too delighted with the association because it gave her the privilege of "consorting only with the elite" of Egyptian society. Sharif also recounted that his father's timber business was very successful during that time in ways that Sharif describes as dishonest or immoral.[59] By contrast, after 1952, Sharif stated that wealth changed hands in Egypt, under Nasser's nationalisation policies.[60] His father's business "took a beating". In 1954, Sharif starred in the film Struggle in the Valley opposite his wife, who shared a kiss with him, although she had previously refused to kiss on screen.[61] The two fell in love; Sharif converted to Islam
Islam
and married her.[62] They had one son, Tarek Sharif, born in 1957 in Egypt, who appeared in Doctor Zhivago as Yuri at the age of eight. The couple separated in 1966 and their marriage ended in divorce in 1974.[63] Sharif never remarried; he stated that after his divorce he never fell in love with another woman again.[63] The Nasser government imposed travel restrictions in the form of "exit visas", so Sharif's travel to take part in international films was sometimes impeded, something he found to be intolerable.[63] These restrictions influenced Sharif's decision to remain in Europe between his film shoots, a decision that cost him his marriage, though the couple remained friends. It was a major crossroads in Sharif's life and changed him from an established family man to a committed bachelor living in European hotels. When commenting about his fame and life in Hollywood, Sharif said, "It gave me glory, but it gave me loneliness also. And a lot of missing my own land, my own people and my own country".[63] When Sharif's affair with Streisand was made public in the Egyptian press, his Egyptian citizenship was almost withdrawn by the Egyptian government because of Streisand's being Jewish and vocal support of Israel, which was then in a state of war with Egypt.[64] Sharif became friends with Peter O'Toole
Peter O'Toole
during the making of Lawrence of Arabia. They appeared in several other films together and remained close friends. He was also good friends with Egyptologist Zahi Hawass. Actor and friend Tom Courtenay
Tom Courtenay
revealed in an interview for the 19 July 2008 edition of BBC Radio's Test Match Special
Test Match Special
that Sharif supported Hull City Association Football Club and in the 1970s he would telephone their automated scoreline from his home in Paris for score updates. Sharif was given an honorary degree by the University of Hull in 2010 and he used the occasion to meet Hull City football player Ken Wagstaff.[65] Sharif also had an interest in horse racing spanning more than 50 years. He was often seen at French racecourses, with Deauville-La Touques Racecourse
Deauville-La Touques Racecourse
being his favourite. Sharif's horses won a number of important races and he had his best successes with Don Bosco, who won the Prix Gontaut-Biron, Prix Perth and Prix du Muguet. He also wrote for a French horse racing magazine.[66] In later life, Sharif lived mostly in Cairo
Cairo
with his family.[63] In addition to his son, he had two grandsons, Omar (born 1983 in Montreal) and Karim.[63] The younger Omar Sharif
Omar Sharif
is also an actor.[67] Health problems and death[edit] Sharif had a triple heart bypass in 1992 and suffered a mild heart attack in 1994. Until his bypass, Sharif smoked 100 cigarettes a day. He quit smoking after the operation.[68] In May 2015 it was reported that Sharif was suffering from Alzheimer's disease.[69] His son Tarek Sharif said that his father was becoming confused when remembering some of the biggest films of his career; he would mix up the names of his best-known films, Doctor Zhivago and Lawrence of Arabia, often forgetting where they were filmed.[70] On 10 July 2015, less than six months after his ex-wife's death at the same age, Sharif died after suffering a heart attack at a hospital in Cairo.[71] On 12 July 2015, Sharif's funeral was held at the Grand Mosque of Mushir Tantawi in eastern Cairo. The funeral was attended by a group of Sharif's relatives, friends and Egyptian actors, his coffin draped in the Egyptian flag and a black shroud.[68] His coffin was later taken to the El-Sayeda Nafisa cemetery in southern Cairo, where he was buried.[72] Awards[edit] At the 35th Academy Awards, Sharif was nominated for Best Supporting Actor for his role as Sherif Ali in Lawrence of Arabia
Lawrence of Arabia
but lost to Ed Begley. He won two Golden Globe awards in the same year for his role. In 1966, He won a third Golden Globe award for the titular role in the film Doctor Zhivago. In November 2005, Sharif was awarded the inaugural[73] Sergei Eisenstein
Sergei Eisenstein
Medal by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in recognition of his significant contributions to world film and cultural diversity. The medal, which is awarded very infrequently, is named after Russian director Sergei Eisenstein. Only 25 have been struck, as determined by the agreement between UNESCO, Russia's Mosfilm
Mosfilm
and the Vivat Foundation.[74] Filmography[edit]

Film

Year Title Role Notes

1954 Shaytan al-Sahra[75]

Known as Devil of the Sahara

Sira` Fi al-Wadi Ahmed Also known as The Blazing Sun or Struggle in the Valley or Fight in the Valley

1955 Ayyamna al-Holwa Ahmed Also known as Our Best Days

1956 La Châtelaine du Liban Mokrir Also known as The Lebanese Mission; credited as Omar Cherif

Sira` Fi al-Mina Ragab Also known as A Fight Within the Port

1957 La Anam Aziz Also known as Sleepless and No Tomorrow

Ard al-Salam Ahmed Known as Land of Peace

1958 Goha Goha Credited as Omar Cherif

Shatie el asrar Mamdoh Beach of Secrets

Ghaltet habibi Salah My Lover's Fault

1959 Siraa fil Nil[76] Muhassab Struggle on the Nile

Sayyidat al-Qasr Adel Lady of the Palace

Min ajal emraa Shokri For A Woman

Maweed maa maghoul Madgi An Appointment With The Unknown

Fadiha fil Zamalek Ahmed Scandel in Zamalek

1960 Nahna el talamiza Adel We Are The Students

Lawet el hub

Love Sickness

1961 Gharam el assiad

Masters' Love

Bidaya wa Nihaya Hassanien Also known as A Beginning and an End

Esha'a hob Hussein A Rumor of Love

Nahr al-Hob Khalid The River of Love

Hobi al-Wahid

My Only Love

Fi Baytouna Ragoul[76] Ibrahim Also known as في بيتنا رجل A Man in our House

1962 Lawrence of Arabia Sherif Ali Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for New Star of the Year – Actor Nominated – Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor

1964 The Fall of the Roman Empire Sohamus

Behold a Pale Horse Francisco

The Yellow Rolls-Royce Davich

1965 Genghis Khan Genghis Khan

Marco the Magnificent Sheik Alla Hou, 'The Desert Wind'

Doctor Zhivago Dr. Yuri Andreyevich Zhivago Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama

El mamalik

1966 The Poppy Is Also a Flower Dr. Rad

1967 The Night of the Generals Major Grau

More Than a Miracle Prince Rodrigo Fernandez

1968 Funny Girl Nick Arnstein

Mayerling Archduke Rudolf

1969 Mackenna's Gold John Colorado

The Appointment Frenderico Fendi

Che! Che Guevara

Trois hommes sur un cheval Un turfiste Uncredited

1971 The Last Valley Vogel

The Horsemen Uraz

The Burglars Abel Zacharia simultaneously shot in French as Le Casse with the same cast

1972 Le Droit d'aimer Pierre

1973 The Mysterious Island Captain Nemo

1974 The Tamarind Seed Feodor Sverdlov

Juggernaut Captain Alex Brunel

1975 Funny Lady Nicky Arnstein

1976 Ace Up My Sleeve Andre Ferren also known as Crime and Passion

The Pink Panther Strikes Again Egyptian Assassin Cameo, Uncredited

1979 Ashanti: Land of No Mercy Prince Hassan

Bloodline Ivo Palazzi

1980 S*H*E[77] Baron Cesare Magnasco S*H*E: Security Hazards Expert

The Baltimore Bullet The Deacon

Oh! Heavenly Dog Bart

1981 Green Ice Meno Argenti

Inchon Indian officer Cameo, Uncredited

1983 Ayoub

1984 Top Secret! Agent Cedric

1987 Grand Larceny Rashid Saud

1988 The Possessed Stepan Les Possédés

Les Pyramides bleues (fr)[78] Alex The Novice

Keys to Freedom Jonathan

1989 Al-aragoz [79] Mohamed Gad El Kareem The Puppeteer

1990 Mountains of the Moon Arab chief in Cairo Uncredited

Viaggio d'amore Rico

The Rainbow Thief Dima

1991 War in the Land of Egypt

Known as El Mowaten Masri or An Egyptian Citizen

Mayrig Hagop

1992 588 rue paradis Hagop Mother

Beyond Justice Emir Beni-Zair

Tengoku no Taizai Tsai Mang Hua

1993 Dehk we le'b we gad we hob[76]

Laughter, Games, Seriousness and Love

1997 Heaven Before I Die Khalil Gibran

1998 Mysteries of Egypt Grandfather Documentary

1999 The 13th Warrior Melchisideck

2001 Censor

The Parole Officer Victor

2003 Monsieur Ibrahim Monsieur Ibrahim César Award
César Award
for Best Actor

2004 Hidalgo Sheikh Riyadh

2006 Fuoco su di me Principe Nicola

One Night with the King Prince Memucan

2008 10,000 BC Narrator Voice

Hassan & Marcus Hassan / Morcus Hassan wa Morcus

2009 The Traveller Older Hassan Commonly known as Al Mosafer

J'ai oublié de te dire[80] Jaume I forgot to Tell You

2013 A Castle in Italy Himself

Rock the Casbah Moulay Hassan

2015 1001 Inventions and the World of Ibn Al-Haytham Grandfather film lead role,[5] (final film role)

Television

Year Title Role Notes

1973 The Mysterious Island Captain Nemo TV miniseries; also known as L'Ile Mysterieuse

1984 The Far Pavilions Koda Dad TV miniseries, based on The Far Pavilions

1985 Vicious Circle Joseph Garcin TV play

1986 Peter the Great Prince Feodor Romodanovsky TV miniseries

Anastasia: The Mystery of Anna Czar Nicholas II TV miniseries

1991 Memories of Midnight Constantin Demiris TV movie

1992 Mrs. 'Arris Goes to Paris Marquis Hippolite TV Movie

1995 Catherine the Great Razumovsky TV movie

1996 Gulliver's Travels The Sorcerer TV miniseries

2001 Shaka Zulu: The Citadel The King TV movie

2005 Imperium: Saint Peter Saint Peter TV movie

2006 The Ten Commandments Jethro TV miniseries

2007 Hanan W Haneen Raouf Egyptian TV series, also known as Tenderness and Nostalgia

2008 The Last Templar Konstantine TV series

References[edit]

^ a b "Notice d'autorité personne", Bibliothèque nationale de France site (retrieved August 17, 2015).[dead link] ^ Berkvist, Robert (10 July 2015). "Omar Sharif, 83, a Star in Lawrence of Arabia
Lawrence of Arabia
and Doctor Zhivago, Dies". The New York Times. Retrieved 10 July 2015.  ^ "(Title unknown)". The Arab Review (27-30): 56. 1962.  ^ Sadoul, Georges (1972). Morris, Peter, ed. Dictionary of Films. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. p. 129. Retrieved 10 July 2015 – via Google Books.  ^ a b "Omar Sharif, Star of 'Lawrence of Arabia,' Dies of Heart Attack at 83". NBC.com. Retrieved July 10, 2015.  ^ Khakpour, Porochista (2013). "In the House of Desire, Honey, Marble, and Dream". In Anita Amirrezvani; Persis Karim. Tremors: New Fiction by Iranian American Writers. University of Arkansas Press. p. 116. Retrieved 10 July 2015 – via Google Books.  ^ Adel Iskander; Hakem Rustom (eds.). Edward Said: A Legacy of Emancipation and Representation. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. Retrieved 10 July 2015 – via Google Books.  ^ Curtis, Edward E. (2010). Encyclopedia of Muslim-American History. Facts on File. p. 198. ISBN 978-0816075751.  ^ "Omar Sharif: 'It is a great film, but I'm not very good in it'", The Independent ^ Rastegar, Kamra (10 July 2015). "Omar Sharif: Alluringly cosmopolitan, unapologetically Arab". Al Jazeera America. Retrieved 1 December 2016.  ^ [1] ^ "Sharif talks about his origins in an interview in the 1990s".  ^ Marlowe, Lara (8 May 2014). "Omar Sharif: from desert prince to alone in Paris". The Irish Times. Retrieved 12 July 2015.  ^ Matthew Bannister (12 July 2015). Omar Sharif, Stanley 'Steve' Moore, Jules Wright, Yevgeny Primakov, Ernest Tomlinson. Last words. BBC.  ^ "Sharif talks about his origins in an interview in the 1990s".  ^ a b "Obituary: Omar Sharif". BBC. 10 July 2015. Retrieved 10 July 2015.  ^ a b c "Omar Sharif: from desert prince to alone in Paris". The Irish Times. 8 May 2014. Retrieved 10 July 2015.  ^ El Mundo Magazine, "Entrevista: Omar Sharif", by Eugenia Yagüe, 2002, retrieved 12 July 2015. ^ Sharif, Omar (1977), The Eternal Male: My Own Story, Doubleday, NY, 1st Ed., p. 71. ^ "Omar Sharif". Retrieved 10 July 2015.  ^ "Faten Hamama, actress – obituary". The DailymTelegraph. 18 January 2015. Retrieved 10 July 2015.  ^ "Omar Sharif, star of Lawrence of Arabia, has Alzheimer's – agent". The Guardian. 25 May 2015. Retrieved 10 July 2015.  ^ a b Caton, Steven Charles. Lawrence of Arabia: A Film's Anthropology, University of California Press
University of California Press
(1999) ^ Stuart Heritage. " Omar Sharif
Omar Sharif
on Lawrence of Arabia: 'I was the only actor David Lean
David Lean
liked'". the Guardian. Retrieved 13 July 2015.  ^ "The 35th Academy Awards". AMPAS. Retrieved 10 July 2015.  ^ "Omar Sharif". HFPA. Archived from the original on 11 July 2015. Retrieved 10 July 2015.  ^ Zinnemann, Fred. Fred Zinnemann: Interviews, Univ. Press of Mississippi (2005) p. 6 ^ Schickel, Richard. Life magazine, August 21, 1964 p. 12 ^ Omar Sharif
Omar Sharif
plays priest in 'behold a pale horse'. (1964, Aug 28). Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times (1923-Current File) Retrieved from https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.sl.nsw.gov.au/docview/154982268?accountid=13902 ^ "Broadway Review: 'Doctor Zhivago'". Variety. 21 April 2015. Retrieved 10 July 2015.  ^ Blair, I. (1989, Mar 21). Sublime sharif `Lawrence' made him a star, but it's not his favorite role. Chicago Tribune
Chicago Tribune
(Pre-1997 Fulltext) Retrieved from https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.sl.nsw.gov.au/docview/282740473?accountid=13902 ^ a b Santas, Constantine. The Epic Films of David Lean, Scarecrow Press (2012) p. 59 ^ "Doctor Zhivago". Hollywood Foreign Press Association
Hollywood Foreign Press Association
(HFPA). Retrieved 10 July 2015.  ^ a b c Nickens, Christopher; Swenson, Karen. The Films of Barbra Streisand, Citadel Press (2000) ^ "Schlinder's List draws crowds around the world". Entertainment Weekly. 15 April 1994. Retrieved 10 July 2015.  ^ Hallowel, John. Life magazine, Sept. 29, 1967 p. 144 ^ "ABC's 5 Years of Film Production Profits & Losses", Variety, 31 May 1973 p 3 ^ By BERNARD, W. A. (1998, Sep 13). Thriving on an atmosphere of no illusions. New York Times (1923-Current File) Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/109919511 ^ a b c d Gritten, D. (2003, Nov 02). LEGENDS OF HOLLYWOOD; A long time in the desert; omar sharif has made many 'trashy, idiotic films,' but he hopes 'monsieur ibrahim' will restore his luster. Los Angeles Times Retrieved from https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.sl.nsw.gov.au/docview/421848895?accountid=13902 ^ "Box Office Films of 1971". Box Office Story. Retrieved 12 September 2016.  ^ " Funny Lady
Funny Lady
Movie Review & Movie Summary (1975)". Roger Ebert. 13 March 1975. Retrieved 10 July 2015.  ^ Movie & TV News @ IMDb.com - WENN - 20 November 2003 ^ " Monsieur Ibrahim
Monsieur Ibrahim
Movie Review (2003)". Roger Ebert. 5 March 2004. Retrieved 10 July 2015.  ^ "Omar Sharif: 'It is a great film, but I'm not very good in it'". The Independent. 18 November 2012. Retrieved 10 July 2015.  ^ "Omar Sharif". Les César Académie des Arts et Techniques du Cinéma. Retrieved 10 July 2015.  ^ Lee, Benjamin (2015-07-10). " Omar Sharif
Omar Sharif
dies at the age of 83". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2017-11-14.  ^ "1001 Inventions and the World of Ibn Al-Haytham". IMDB. Retrieved 23 July 2015.  ^ "Omar Sharif, Suave Star of 'Doctor Zhivago,' Dies at 83". Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 23 July 2015.  ^ "Ibn Al-Haytham to be a focus of the International Year of Light through partnering with 1001 Inventions". UNESCO. Retrieved 23 July 2015.  ^ "Omar Sharif, international heartthrob of 'Lawrence of Arabia' and 'Doctor Zhivago,' dies at 83", Adam Bernstein, 10 July 2015, Washington Post ^ "Change of Subject – Observations, reports, tips, referrals and tirades Chicago Tribune
Chicago Tribune
Blog". Chicago Tribune. 6 September 2005.  ^ "> subcategory ". Thetradingcentre.co.uk. Retrieved 18 November 2012.  ^ Wilson, Johnny L. (September 1992). "Interplay's Omar Sharif
Omar Sharif
on Bridge". Computer Gaming World. pp. 20–21. Retrieved 3 July 2014.  ^ "CGW Salutes The Games of the Year". Computer Gaming World. November 1992. p. 110. Retrieved 4 July 2014.  ^ Lindeman, David E. (March 1993). "Three Top Computer Bridge Games". Computer Gaming World. p. 42. Retrieved 6 July 2014.  ^ " Omar Sharif
Omar Sharif
sued for assault". (6 November 2005). New Sunday Times, p. 29. ^ Sharif, Omar (1977), The Eternal Male: My Own Story, Doubleday, NY, 1st Ed., p. 41. ^ Sharif, Omar (1977), The Eternal Male: My Own Story, Doubleday, NY, 1st Ed., pp. 45–46. ^ Sharif, Omar (1977), The Eternal Male: My Own Story, Doubleday, NY, 1st Ed., p. 46. ^ Sharif, Omar (1977), The Eternal Male: My Own Story, Doubleday, NY, 1st Ed., p. 98. ^ Al-Shafii, Alaa (19 January 2015). "Egyptian Movie Icon Faten Hamama's Extraordinary Life and Career". Al Akhbar. Retrieved 11 July 2015.  ^ Darwish, Mustafa (1998). Dream Makers on the Nile: A Portrait of Egyptian Cinema. Columbia University Press. ISBN 977-424-429-X.  ^ a b c d e f AlJazeeraEnglish. "Riz Khan – Omar Sharif
Omar Sharif
– 10 Oct 07". YouTube. Retrieved 18 November 2012.  ^ Sharif, Omar (1977), The Eternal Male: My Own Story, Doubleday, NY, 1st Ed., p. 79. ^ "THEY are two of the greatest names in film history". This is Hull and East Riding. 15 July 2010. Archived from the original on 18 July 2010. Retrieved 18 November 2012.  ^ Burton, Scott. "Actor and racehorse owner Omar Sharif
Omar Sharif
dies". Racing Post. Retrieved 10 July 2015.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 April 2011. Retrieved 2017-05-25. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) ^ a b "Cinema legend Omar Sharif
Omar Sharif
laid to rest at solemn Egyptian funeral after dying of a heart attack aged 83". Mail Online. 12 July 2015.  ^ "Omar Sharif, star of Lawrence of Arabia, has Alzheimer's – agent". the Guardian. Retrieved 13 July 2015.  ^ "Legendary actor Omar Sharif
Omar Sharif
'has Alzheimer's disease
Alzheimer's disease
and confuses his starring roles in Doctor Zhivago and Lawrence of Arabia'". Daily Mail. 23 May 2015. Retrieved 10 July 2015.  ^ "Film star Omar Sharif
Omar Sharif
dies aged 83". BBC News. 10 July 2015. Retrieved 10 July 2015.  ^ "Hollywood icon Omar Sharif
Omar Sharif
draped in the Egyptian flag and laid to rest in Cairo". The Telegraph. 12 July 2015.  ^ UNESCO
UNESCO
Media Services. Retrieved 18 January 2014 ^ " United Nations
United Nations
News Centre". UN News Service Section. 24 November 2005. Retrieved 10 July 2015.  ^ "Egyptian film icon Omar Sharif
Omar Sharif
has Alzheimer's". Al-Ahram. 24 May 2015. Retrieved 10 July 2015.  ^ a b c "ساحر السينما عمر الشريف أنهى المشهد الأخير في هذه الحياة". An-Nahar. 10 July 2015. Retrieved 10 July 2015.  ^ Terrace, Vincent (1985). Encyclopedia of Television Series, Pilots and Specials, Volume 2. VNR AG. p. 358. ISBN 9780918432612.  ^ "Arielle Dombasle : Omar Sharif, "légendaire" et "tourmenté"". Europe 1. 10 July 2015. Retrieved 10 July 2015.  ^ "وفاة الفنان العالمي عمر الشريف". RT. 10 July 2015. Retrieved 10 July 2015.  ^ "Quand Omar Sharif
Omar Sharif
tournait dans les P.-O. "J'ai oublié de te dire" et jouait les supporteurs de l'USAP". L'Indépendant. 10 July 2015. Retrieved 10 July 2015. 

Hawass, Zahi (July 16, 2015). "Goodbye my friend". Retrieved January 9, 2016. 

Bibliography[edit]

The Eternal Male, with Marie-Thérèse Guinchard, transl. Martin Sokolinsky (Doubleday, 1977); orig. French, Éternel masculin (Paris: Stock, 1976) Goren's Bridge Complete, Charles Goren with Omar Sharif
Omar Sharif
(Doubleday, 1980) — one of several later editions of Goren Omar Sharif's Life in Bridge, with Anne Segalen and Patrick Sussel, transl. and adapted by Terence Reese
Terence Reese
(Faber, 1983); orig. French, Ma vie au bridge (Paris: Fayard, 1982) Omar Sharif
Omar Sharif
Talks Bridge (2004) Bridge Deluxe II Play with Omar Sharif
Omar Sharif
(instruction manual)

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Omar Sharif.

Omar Sharif
Omar Sharif
on IMDb Omar Sharif
Omar Sharif
at elcinema.com (Arabic) The Making of Lawrence of Arabia, Digitised BAFTA Journal (Winter 1962–1963) "International record for Omar Sharif". World Bridge Federation. 

Omar Sharif
Omar Sharif
at Library of Congress
Library of Congress
Authorities, with 16 catalogue records Omar Sharif
Omar Sharif
(Aveleyman) Omar Sharif
Omar Sharif
at Find a Grave

Awards for Omar Sharif

v t e

César Award
César Award
for Best Actor

1976 Philippe Noiret 1977 Michel Galabru 1978 Jean Rochefort 1979 Michel Serrault 1980 Claude Brasseur 1981 Gérard Depardieu 1982 Michel Serrault 1983 Philippe Léotard 1984 Coluche 1985 Alain Delon 1986 Christophe Lambert 1987 Daniel Auteuil 1988 Richard Bohringer 1989 Jean-Paul Belmondo 1990 Philippe Noiret 1991 Gérard Depardieu 1992 Jacques Dutronc 1993 Claude Rich 1994 Pierre Arditi 1995 Gérard Lanvin 1996 Michel Serrault 1997 Philippe Torreton 1998 André Dussollier 1999 Jacques Villeret 2000 Daniel Auteuil 2001 Sergi López 2002 Michel Bouquet 2003 Adrien Brody 2004 Omar Sharif 2005 Mathieu Amalric 2006 Michel Bouquet 2007 François Cluzet 2008 Mathieu Amalric 2009 Vincent Cassel 2010 Tahar Rahim 2011 Éric Elmosnino 2012 Omar Sy 2013 Jean-Louis Trintignant 2014 Guillaume Gallienne 2015 Pierre Niney 2016 Vincent Lindon 2017 Gaspard Ulliel 2018 Swann Arlaud

v t e

Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama

Paul Lukas
Paul Lukas
(1943) Alexander Knox
Alexander Knox
(1944) Ray Milland
Ray Milland
(1945) Gregory Peck
Gregory Peck
(1946) Ronald Colman
Ronald Colman
(1947) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1948) Broderick Crawford
Broderick Crawford
(1949) José Ferrer
José Ferrer
(1950) Fredric March
Fredric March
(1951) Gary Cooper
Gary Cooper
(1952) Spencer Tracy
Spencer Tracy
(1953) Marlon Brando
Marlon Brando
(1954) Ernest Borgnine
Ernest Borgnine
(1955) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
(1956) Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1957) David Niven
David Niven
(1958) Anthony Franciosa
Anthony Franciosa
(1959) Burt Lancaster
Burt Lancaster
(1960) Maximilian Schell
Maximilian Schell
(1961) Gregory Peck
Gregory Peck
(1962) Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
(1963) Peter O'Toole
Peter O'Toole
(1964) Omar Sharif
Omar Sharif
(1965) Paul Scofield
Paul Scofield
(1966) Rod Steiger
Rod Steiger
(1967) Peter O'Toole
Peter O'Toole
(1968) John Wayne
John Wayne
(1969) George C. Scott
George C. Scott
(1970) Gene Hackman
Gene Hackman
(1971) Marlon Brando
Marlon Brando
(1972) Al Pacino
Al Pacino
(1973) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1974) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1975) Peter Finch
Peter Finch
(1976) Richard Burton
Richard Burton
(1977) Jon Voight
Jon Voight
(1978) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(1979) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(1980) Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
(1981) Ben Kingsley
Ben Kingsley
(1982) Robert Duvall
Robert Duvall
/ Tom Courtenay
Tom Courtenay
(1983) F. Murray Abraham
F. Murray Abraham
(1984) Jon Voight
Jon Voight
(1985) Bob Hoskins
Bob Hoskins
(1986) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(1987) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(1988) Tom Cruise
Tom Cruise
(1989) Jeremy Irons
Jeremy Irons
(1990) Nick Nolte
Nick Nolte
(1991) Al Pacino
Al Pacino
(1992) Tom Hanks
Tom Hanks
(1993) Tom Hanks
Tom Hanks
(1994) Nicolas Cage
Nicolas Cage
(1995) Geoffrey Rush
Geoffrey Rush
(1996) Peter Fonda
Peter Fonda
(1997) Jim Carrey
Jim Carrey
(1998) Denzel Washington
Denzel Washington
(1999) Tom Hanks
Tom Hanks
(2000) Russell Crowe
Russell Crowe
(2001) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(2002) Sean Penn
Sean Penn
(2003) Leonardo DiCaprio
Leonardo DiCaprio
(2004) Philip Seymour Hoffman
Philip Seymour Hoffman
(2005) Forest Whitaker
Forest Whitaker
(2006) Daniel Day-Lewis
Daniel Day-Lewis
(2007) Mickey Rourke
Mickey Rourke
(2008) Jeff Bridges
Jeff Bridges
(2009) Colin Firth
Colin Firth
(2010) George Clooney
George Clooney
(2011) Daniel Day-Lewis
Daniel Day-Lewis
(2012) Matthew McConaughey
Matthew McConaughey
(2013) Eddie Redmayne
Eddie Redmayne
(2014) Leonardo DiCaprio
Leonardo DiCaprio
(2015) Casey Affleck
Casey Affleck
(2016) Gary Oldman
Gary Oldman
(2017)

v t e

Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture

Akim Tamiroff
Akim Tamiroff
(1943) Barry Fitzgerald
Barry Fitzgerald
(1944) J. Carrol Naish
J. Carrol Naish
(1945) Clifton Webb
Clifton Webb
(1946) Edmund Gwenn
Edmund Gwenn
(1947) Walter Huston
Walter Huston
(1948) James Whitmore
James Whitmore
(1949) Edmund Gwenn
Edmund Gwenn
(1950) Peter Ustinov
Peter Ustinov
(1951) Millard Mitchell
Millard Mitchell
(1952) Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
(1953) Edmond O'Brien
Edmond O'Brien
(1954) Arthur Kennedy
Arthur Kennedy
(1955) Earl Holliman
Earl Holliman
(1956) Red Buttons
Red Buttons
(1957) Burl Ives
Burl Ives
(1958) Stephen Boyd
Stephen Boyd
(1959) Sal Mineo
Sal Mineo
(1960) George Chakiris
George Chakiris
(1961) Omar Sharif
Omar Sharif
(1962) John Huston
John Huston
(1963) Edmond O'Brien
Edmond O'Brien
(1964) Oskar Werner
Oskar Werner
(1965) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1966) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1967) Daniel Massey (1968) Gig Young
Gig Young
(1969) John Mills
John Mills
(1970) Ben Johnson (1971) Joel Grey
Joel Grey
(1972) John Houseman
John Houseman
(1973) Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
(1974) Richard Benjamin
Richard Benjamin
(1975) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1976) Peter Firth
Peter Firth
(1977) John Hurt
John Hurt
(1978) Melvyn Douglas/ Robert Duvall
Robert Duvall
(1979) Timothy Hutton
Timothy Hutton
(1980) John Gielgud
John Gielgud
(1981) Louis Gossett Jr.
Louis Gossett Jr.
(1982) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1983) Haing S. Ngor
Haing S. Ngor
(1984) Klaus Maria Brandauer
Klaus Maria Brandauer
(1985) Tom Berenger
Tom Berenger
(1986) Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(1987) Martin Landau
Martin Landau
(1988) Denzel Washington
Denzel Washington
(1989) Bruce Davison
Bruce Davison
(1990) Jack Palance
Jack Palance
(1991) Gene Hackman
Gene Hackman
(1992) Tommy Lee Jones
Tommy Lee Jones
(1993) Martin Landau
Martin Landau
(1994) Brad Pitt
Brad Pitt
(1995) Edward Norton
Edward Norton
(1996) Burt Reynolds
Burt Reynolds
(1997) Ed Harris
Ed Harris
(1998) Tom Cruise
Tom Cruise
(1999) Benicio del Toro
Benicio del Toro
(2000) Jim Broadbent
Jim Broadbent
(2001) Chris Cooper
Chris Cooper
(2002) Tim Robbins
Tim Robbins
(2003) Clive Owen
Clive Owen
(2004) George Clooney
George Clooney
(2005) Eddie Murphy
Eddie Murphy
(2006) Javier Bardem
Javier Bardem
(2007) Heath Ledger
Heath Ledger
(2008) Christoph Waltz
Christoph Waltz
(2009) Christian Bale
Christian Bale
(2010) Christopher Plummer
Christopher Plummer
(2011) Christoph Waltz
Christoph Waltz
(2012) Jared Leto
Jared Leto
(2013) J. K. Simmons
J. K. Simmons
(2014) Sylvester Stallone
Sylvester Stallone
(2015) Aaron Taylor-Johnson
Aaron Taylor-Johnson
(2016) Sam Rockwell
Sam Rockwell
(2017)

v t e

Contract bridge

Overview

General

Auction bridge Bridge ethics Bridge-O-Rama Bridge maxims Bridge Murder case Bridge scoring Bridge whist Bridgette Cheating in bridge Chicago Computer bridge Contract bridge Contract bridge
Contract bridge
diagram Duplicate bridge Duplicate bridge
Duplicate bridge
movements Five-suit bridge Goulash Glossary of contract bridge terms High card by suit History of contract bridge Laws of Duplicate Bridge Masterpoints Minibridge Neuberg formula Rubber bridge Screen Singaporean bridge Suit Traveling scoreslip Trump Vugraph

Bidding

General

Balanced hand Balancing (bridge) Bidding box Bidding system Board (bridge) Bridge convention Brown sticker Convention card Cue bid Five-card majors Forcing bid Forcing pass Game try Hand evaluation Honor point count Inverted minors Law of total tricks Losing-Trick Count Major suit Minor suit Optimum contract and par contract Overcall Preempt Prepared opening bid Principle of fast arrival Psychic bid Quantitative no trump bids Reverse (bridge) Sacrifice (bridge) Shooting (bridge) Single suiter Strong pass Takeout double Three suiter Two suiter Useful space principle Void (cards) Weak two bid Zar Points

Systems

List of bidding systems 2/1 game forcing Acol Bidding system Blue Club Boring Club Bridge Base Basic Bridge World Standard Canapé (bridge) Carrot Club EHAA Fantunes Highly unusual method Kaplan–Sheinwold Little Major Moscito OKbridge 2/1 Polish Club Precision Club Roman Club Romex system Säffle Spade Standard American Strong club system

Conventions

List of bidding conventions

Card play

General

List of play techniques Avoidance play Beer card Caddy Card reading Duck Endplay Entry Grosvenor gambit Hold up Percentage play Pin (bridge) Principle of restricted choice Probabilities Revoke Ruff Shooting Smother play Tempo Trump promotion Uppercut Vacant Places

Declarer play

Basic: Finesse Safety play Coups: Alcatraz coup Bath coup Belladonna coup Coup Coup en passant Crocodile coup Deschapelles coup Devil's coup Loser on loser Merrimac coup Morton's fork coup Scissors coup Trump coup Vienna coup Squeezes: Backwash squeeze Cannibal squeeze Clash squeeze Compound squeeze Criss-cross squeeze Double squeeze Entry squeeze Entry-shifting squeeze Guard squeeze Knockout squeeze Non-simultaneous double squeeze Progressive squeeze Pseudo-squeeze Saturated squeeze Simple squeeze Simultaneous double squeeze Single-suit squeeze Squeeze play Stepping-stone squeeze Strip squeeze Triple squeeze Trump squeeze Vice squeeze Winkle squeeze Suit combinations: Suit combination Suit combination – J missing Suit combination – 10 missing Suit combinations – K10 missing

Defender play

Forcing defense Journalist leads Opening lead Rule of 10-12 Rule of 11 Rusinow leads Signal Smith signal

People and organizations

General

ACBL Youngest Life Master List of contract bridge people List of nationality transfers in sport

Players by country

Australia Austria Brazil Britain Bulgaria Canada China Denmark Netherlands Egypt Fiction France Germany Hungary India Ireland Israel Italy Jewish players Mexico Monaco New Zealand Norway Pakistan Poland Russia Sweden Switzerland Taiwan United States

Other lists

Alphabetical list of contract bridge people with (english) articles List of bridge administrators List of bridge writers

Teams

Blue Team Dallas Aces Four Aces

Clubs

Bridge Club Brașov Cavendish Club Crockford's Galatasaray Bridge Team Melville Bridge Club Portland Club (London) Savoy Club Young Chelsea Bridge Club

Governing bodies

American Bridge Association American Contract Bridge League Austrian Bridge Federation Brazilian Bridge Federation British Bridge League Canadian Bridge Federation Dutch Bridge Federation English Bridge Union European Bridge League Hungarian Bridge Federation International Mind Sports Association List of bridge governing bodies Norwegian Bridge Federation South African Bridge Federation United States Bridge Federation World Bridge Federation

Championships

General

List of bridge competitions and awards

World

Bermuda Bowl Bridge at the 2008 World Mind Sports Games Bridge at the 2012 World Mind Sports Games Cavendish Invitational Computer Olympiad McConnell Cup Rosenblum Cup Senior Bowl (bridge) Triple crown of bridge Venice Cup WBF Youth Award World Bridge Championships World IMP Pairs Championship World Junior Pairs Championship World Junior Teams Championship World Mind Sports Games World Mixed Pairs Championship World Mixed Teams Championship World Open Pairs Championship World Senior Pairs Championship World Senior Teams Championship World Team Olympiad World Transnational Open Teams Championship World Women Pairs Championship

National and Zonal

Buffett Cup Camrose Trophy Commonwealth Nations Bridge Championships European Universities Bridge Championships Gold Cup (bridge) North American bridge Championships: ACBL King or Queen of Bridge Blue Ribbon Pairs Bruce LM-5000 Pairs Chicago Mixed Board-a-Match Fall National Open Pairs Fast Open Pairs Fishbein Trophy Goren Trophy Grand National Teams Hilliard Mixed Pairs Jacoby Open Swiss Teams Keohane North American Swiss Teams Lebhar IMP Pairs Leventritt Silver Ribbon Pairs Machlin Women's Swiss Teams Manfield Non-Life Master Pairs Marcus Cup Master Individual Mini-Blue Ribbon Pairs Mini-Spingold Mitchell Board-a-Match Teams Mott-Smith Trophy Nail Life Master Open Pairs National 199er Pairs National 49er Pairs National 99er Pairs Non-Life Master Swiss Teams Norman Kay Platinum Pairs North American Bridge Championships North American Pairs Red Ribbon Pairs Reisinger Rockwell Mixed Pairs Roth Open Swiss Teams Senior Knockout Teams Silodor Open Pairs Smith Life Master Women's Pairs Spingold Sternberg Women's Board-a-Match Teams Truscott Senior Swiss Teams Vanderbilt Trophy Von Zedtwitz Life Master Pairs Wagar Women's Knockout Teams Wernher Open Pairs Whitehead Women's Pairs Young LM-1500 Pairs

Publications and resources

Books

List of contract bridge books 25 Bridge Conventions You Should Know Bridge Squeezes Complete The Cardturner Design for Bidding Contract Bridge for Beginners Edwin Kantar bibliography Master Point Press Planning the Play of a Bridge Hand Terence Reese
Terence Reese
bibliography The Official Encyclopedia of Bridge Tickets to the Devil

Magazines

List of bridge magazines Bridge d'Italia Bridge Magazine The Bridge World

External links

Bridge Base Basic Bridge Base Inc. OK bridge 2/1

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 85507480 LCCN: n50022206 ISNI: 0000 0001 2321 1925 GND: 112814697 SUDOC: 06690661X BNF: cb12639139k (data) MusicBrainz: d4155f19-101e-4999-8ae5-da28949566d3 NLA: 35711571 NKC: xx0033564 BNE: XX1099305 SN

.