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Olympic sports
Olympic sports
are sports contested in the Summer and Winter Olympic Games. The 2016 Summer Olympics
2016 Summer Olympics
included 28 sports, with five additional sports due to be added to the 2020 Summer Olympics. The 2014 Winter Olympics
2014 Winter Olympics
included seven sports.[1] The number and kinds of events may change slightly from one Olympiad to another. Each Olympic sport is represented by an international governing body, namely an International Federation (IF).[2] The International Olympic Committee (IOC) establishes a hierarchy of sports, disciplines, and events.[2] According to this hierarchy, the Olympic sports
Olympic sports
can be subdivided into multiple disciplines, which are often assumed to be distinct sports. Examples include swimming and water polo (disciplines of aquatics, represented by the International Swimming Federation),[3] or figure skating and speed skating (disciplines of skating, represented by the International Skating Union).[4] In their turn, disciplines can be subdivided into events, for which medals are actually awarded.[2] A sport or discipline is included in the Olympic program if the IOC determines it is widely practiced around the world, that is, the number of countries that compete in a given sport is the indicator of the sport's prevalence. The IOC's requirements reflect participation in the Olympic Games
Olympic Games
as well—more stringent toward men (as they are represented in higher numbers) and summer sports (as more nations compete in the Summer Olympics). Previous Olympic Games
Olympic Games
included sports which are no longer present on the current program, like polo and tug of war.[5] These sports, known as "discontinued sports", were later removed either because of lack of interest or absence of an appropriate governing body.[2] Archery
Archery
and tennis are examples of sports that were competed at the early Games and were later dropped by the IOC, but managed to return to the Olympic program (in 1972 and 1988, respectively). Demonstration sports have often been included in the Olympic Games, usually to promote a local sport from the host country or to gauge interest and support for the sport.[6] Some such sports, like baseball and curling, were added to the official Olympic program (in 1992 and 1998, respectively). Baseball, however, was discontinued after the 2008 Summer Olympics.

Contents

1 Olympic sports
Olympic sports
definitions 2 Changes in Olympic sports

2.1 Changes since 2000

3 Summer Olympics

3.1 Current and discontinued summer program 3.2 Demonstration summer sports 3.3 Classification of Olympic sports
Olympic sports
for revenue share

4 Winter Olympics

4.1 Current winter program 4.2 Demonstration winter sports

5 Recognized international federations 6 References 7 External links

Olympic sports
Olympic sports
definitions

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The term "sport" in Olympic terminology refers to all the events that are sanctioned by one international sport federation, a definition that may be different from the common meaning of the word sport. One sport, by Olympic definition, may be divided into several disciplines, which are often regarded as separate sports in common language. For example, aquatics is a summer Olympic sport that includes six disciplines: swimming, synchronized swimming, diving, water polo, open water swimming, and high diving (the last of which is a non-Olympic discipline), since all these disciplines are governed at international level by the International Swimming Federation.[1] Skating is a winter Olympic sport represented by the International Skating Union, and includes four disciplines: figure skating, speed skating (on a traditional long track), short track speed skating, and synchronized skating (the latter is a non-Olympic discipline).[1] The sport with the largest number of Olympic disciplines is skiing, with six: alpine skiing, cross-country skiing, ski jumping, nordic combined, snowboarding, and freestyle skiing. Other notable multi-discipline sports are gymnastics (artistic, rhythmic, and trampoline), cycling (road, track, mountain, and BMX), volleyball (indoors and beach), wrestling (freestyle and Greco-Roman), canoeing (flatwater and slalom), and bobsleigh (includes skeleton). The disciplines listed here are only those contested in the Olympics—gymnastics has two non-Olympic disciplines, while cycling and wrestling have three each. It should also be noted that the IOC definition of a "discipline" may differ from that used by an international federation. For example, the IOC considers artistic gymnastics a single discipline, but the International Federation of Gymnastics
Gymnastics
(FIG) classifies men's and women's artistic gymnastics as separate disciplines.[7] Similarly, the IOC considers freestyle wrestling to be a single discipline, but United World Wrestling
Wrestling
uses "freestyle wrestling" strictly for the men's version, classifying women's freestyle wrestling as the separate discipline of "female wrestling".[8] On some occasions, notably in the case of snowboarding, the IOC agreed to add sports which previously had a separate international federation to the Olympics on condition that they dissolve their governing body and instead affiliate with an existing Olympic sport federation, therefore not increasing the number of Olympic sports. An event, by IOC definition, is a competition that leads to the award of medals. Therefore, the sport of aquatics includes a total of 46 Olympic events, of which 32 are in the discipline of swimming, eight in diving, and two each in synchronized swimming, water polo, and open water swimming. The number of events per sport ranges from a minimum of two (until 2008, there were sports with only one event) to a maximum of 47 in athletics, which despite its large number of events and its diversity is not divided into disciplines. Changes in Olympic sports

Curling
Curling
was promoted to official Olympic sport at the Nagano 1998 Winter Olympics.

The list of Olympic sports
Olympic sports
has changed considerably during the course of Olympic history, and has gradually increased until the early 2000s, when the IOC decided to cap the number of sports in the Summer Olympics at 28. The only summer sports that have never been absent from the Olympic program are athletics, aquatics (the discipline of swimming has been in every Olympics), cycling, fencing, and gymnastics (the discipline of artistic gymnastics has been in every Olympics). The only winter sports that were included in all Winter Olympic Games are skiing (only nordic skiing), skating (figure skating and speed skating), and ice hockey. Figure skating
Figure skating
and ice hockey were also included in the Summer Olympics before the Winter Olympics were introduced in 1924. For most of the 20th century, demonstration sports were included in many Olympic Games, usually to promote a non-Olympic sport popular in the host country, or to gauge interest and support for the sport.[6] The competitions and ceremonies in these sports were identical to official Olympic sports, except that the medals were not counted in the official record. Some demonstration sports, like baseball and curling, were later added to the official Olympic program. This changed when the International Olympic Committee
International Olympic Committee
decided in 1989 to eliminate demonstration sports from Olympics Games after 1992.[9] An exception was made in 2008, when the Beijing Organizing Committee received permission to organize a wushu tournament.[10][11] A sport or discipline may be included in the Olympic program if the IOC determines that it is widely practiced around the world, that is, the number of countries and continents that regularly compete in a given sport is the indicator of the sport's prevalence. The requirements for winter sports are considerably lower than for summer sports since many fewer nations compete in winter sports. The IOC also has lower requirements for inclusion of sports and disciplines for women for the same reason. Women are still barred from several disciplines; but on the other hand, there are women-only disciplines, such as rhythmic gymnastics and synchronized swimming. Sports that depend primarily on mechanical propulsion, such as motor sports, may not be considered for recognition as Olympic sports, though there were power-boating events in the early days of the Olympics before this rule was enacted by the IOC.[2][12] Part of the story of the founding of aviation sports' international governing body, the FAI, originated from an IOC meeting in Brussels, Belgium on June 10, 1905.[13] These criteria are only a threshold for consideration as Olympic sport. In order to be admitted to the Olympic program, the IOC Session has to approve its inclusion. There are many sports that easily make the required numbers but are not recognized as Olympic sports, mainly because the IOC has decided to put a limit on the number of sports, as well as events and athletes, in the Summer Olympics in order not to increase them from the 28 sports, 300 events, and 10,000 athletes of the 2000 Summer Olympics. No such limits exist in the Winter Olympics and the number of events and athletes continue to increase, but no sport has been added since 1998. The latest winter sport added to the Winter Olympics was curling in 1998. Previous Olympic Games
Olympic Games
included sports which are no longer present on the current program, like polo and tug of war.[1] In the early days of the modern Olympics, the organizers were able to decide which sports or disciplines were included on the program, until the IOC took control of the program in 1924. As a result, a number of sports were on the Olympic program for relatively brief periods before 1924.[2] These sports, known as discontinued sports, were removed because of lack of interest or absence of an appropriate governing body, or because they became fully professional at the time that the Olympic Games were strictly for amateurs, as in the case of tennis.[2] Several discontinued sports, such as archery and tennis, were later readmitted to the Olympic program (in 1972 and 1984, respectively). Curling, which was an official sport in 1924 and then discontinued, was reinstated as Olympic sport in 1998. The Olympic Charter
Olympic Charter
decrees that Olympic sports
Olympic sports
for each edition of the Olympic Games
Olympic Games
should be decided at an IOC Session no later than seven years prior to the Games. Changes since 2000 The only sports that have been dropped from the Olympics since 1936 are baseball and softball, which were both voted out by the IOC Session in Singapore on July 11, 2005,[14] a decision that was reaffirmed on February 9, 2006.[15] These sports were last included in 2008, although officially they remain recognized as Olympic sports
Olympic sports
in the Olympic Charter. Therefore, the number of sports in the 2012 Summer Olympics was dropped from 28 to 26. Following the addition of women's boxing in 2012, and women's ski jumping in 2014, there are only Greco-Roman wrestling
Greco-Roman wrestling
and nordic combined, respectively, that are only for men in those games. Two previously discontinued sports, golf and rugby, returned for the 2016 Summer Olympics. On August 13, 2009, the IOC Executive Board proposed that golf and rugby sevens be added to the Olympic program for the 2016 Games.[16] On 9 October 2009, during the 121st IOC Session in Copenhagen, the IOC voted to admit both sports as official Olympic sports
Olympic sports
and to include them in the 2016 Summer Olympics.[17] The IOC voted 81–8 in favor of including rugby sevens and 63–27 in favor of reinstating golf, thus bringing the number of sports back to 28.[17] In February 2013, the IOC considered dropping a sport from the 2020 Summer Olympics to make way for a new sport. Modern pentathlon
Modern pentathlon
and taekwondo were thought to be vulnerable, but instead the IOC recommended dismissing wrestling.[18] On September 8, 2013, the IOC added wrestling to the 2020 and 2024 Summer Games.[19] On August 3, 2016, the IOC voted to add baseball/softball, karate, sport climbing, surfing, and skateboarding for the 2020 Summer Olympics.[20] Summer Olympics At the first Olympic Games, nine sports were contested.[21] Since then, the number of sports contested at the Summer Olympic Games
Olympic Games
has gradually risen to twenty-eight on the program for 2000–2008. At the 2012 Summer Olympics, however, the number of sports fell back to twenty-six following an IOC decision in 2005 to remove baseball and softball from the Olympic program. These sports retain their status as Olympic sports
Olympic sports
with the possibility of a return to the Olympic program in future games.[14] At the 121st IOC Session
121st IOC Session
in Copenhagen
Copenhagen
on 9 October 2009, the IOC voted to reinstate both golf and rugby to the Olympic program, meaning that the number of sports to be contested in 2016 was once again 28.[22] In order for a sport or discipline to be considered for inclusion in the list of Summer Olympics sports, it must be widely practiced in at least 75 countries, spread over four continents. Current and discontinued summer program The following sports (or disciplines of a sport) make up the current and discontinued Summer Olympic Games
Olympic Games
official program and are listed alphabetically according to the name used by the IOC. The discontinued sports were previously part of the Summer Olympic Games
Olympic Games
program as official sports, but are no longer on the current program. The figures in each cell indicate the number of events for each sport contested at the respective Games; a bullet (•) denotes that the sport was contested as a demonstration sport. Eight of the 34 sports consist of multiple disciplines. Disciplines from the same sport are grouped under the same color:      Aquatics –      Basketball
Basketball
–      Canoeing/ Kayak
Kayak
–      Cycling
Cycling
–      Gymnastics
Gymnastics
–      Volleyball
Volleyball
–      Equestrian –      Wrestling

Sport
Sport
(Discipline) Body 96 00 04 06 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20

 

Current summer sports

 

Diving

FINA

2 1 2 4 5 5 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 8 8 8 8 8 8

Marathon swimming

2 2 2 2

Swimming

4 7 9 4 6 9 10 11 11 11 11 11 11 13 15 18 29 29 26 26 29 31 31 32 32 32 32 32 32 35

Synchronized swimming

2 2 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 2

Water polo

1 •

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2

 

3-on-3 basketball

FIBA

2

Basketball

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

 

Canoe/kayak (sprint)

ICF

9 9 9 9 7 7 7 7 11 11 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12

Canoe/kayak (slalom)

4

4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4

 

BMX freestyle

UCI

2

BMX racing

2 2 2 2

Mountain biking

2 2 2 2 2 2 2

Road cycling

1

1

2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 4

Track cycling

5 2 7 5 7

4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 4 4 5 6 7 8 12 12 10 10 10 12

 

Artistic

FIG 8 1 11 4 2 4 4 9 8 11 9 9 15 15 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14

Rhythmic

1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

Trampoline

2 2 2 2 2 2

 

Volleyball
Volleyball
(beach)

FIVB

• 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

Volleyball
Volleyball
(indoor)

2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

 

Equestrian / Dressage

FEI

1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

Equestrian / Eventing

2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

Equestrian / Jumping

3

2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

 

Freestyle wrestling

UWW

7

5

5 7 7 7 7 8 8 8 8 8 8 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 8 11 11 11 12 12

Greco-Roman wrestling

1

4 4 5 5 6 6 7 7 8 8 8 8 8 8 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 8 7 7 7 6 6

 

Archery

WA

6 6

3

10

2 2 2 2 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 5

Athletics

IAAF 12 23 25 21 26 30 29 27 27 29 29 33 33 33 34 36 36 38 37 38 41 42 43 44 46 46 47 47 47 48

Badminton

BWF

• 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 5

Baseball

WBSC[s 1]

• •

• • 1 1 1 1 1

1

Boxing

AIBA

7

5

8 8 8 8 8 8 10 10 10 10 11 11 11 11 12 12 12 12 12 11 11 13 13 13

Fencing

FIE 3 7 5 8 4 5 6 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 10 10 10 10 10 10 12

Field hockey

FIH

1

1

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

Football

FIFA

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

Golf

IGF

2 2

2 2

Handball

IHF

1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

Judo

IJF

4

6 6 8 8 7 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 15

Karate

WKF

8

Modern pentathlon

UIPM

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 2

Rowing

FISA

4 5 6 4 4 5 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14

Rugby sevens

WR

2 2

Sailing

ISAF

7

4 4 14 3 3 4 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 6 6 6 7 8 10 10 11 11 11 10 10 10

Shooting

ISSF 5 9

16 15 18 21 10

2 3 4 7 7 6 6 7 8 7 7 11 13 13 15 17 17 15 15 15 15

Skateboarding

FIRS/ISF[s 2]

4

Softball

WBSC[s 1]

1 1 1 1

1

Sport
Sport
climbing

IFSC

2

Surfing

ISA

2

Table tennis

ITTF

4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 5

Taekwondo

WT

• •

8 8 8 8 8 8

Tennis

ITF 2 4 2 4 6 8 5 5

• 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5

Triathlon

ITU

2 2 2 2 2 3

Weightlifting

IWF 2

2 2

5 5 5 5 5 6 7 7 7 7 7 9 9 10 10 10 10 10 15 15 15 15 15 14

 

Discontinued summer sports

 

Equestrian / Vaulting

FEI

2

 

Handball
Handball
/ Field Handball

IHF

1

Rugby / Rugby union

WR

1

1

1 1

 

Basque pelota

FIPV

1

Cricket

ICC

1

Croquet

WCF

3

Lacrosse

FIL

1

1

• •

Jeu de paume

1

Polo

FIP

1

1

1 1

1

Rackets

2

Roque

1

Tug of war

TWIF

1 1 1 1 1 1

Water motorsports

UIM

3

 

Figure skating

ISU

4

3 Rescheduled during winter games

Ice hockey

IIHF

1

 

Total events 43 85 94 78 110 102 156 126 109 117 129 136 149 151 150 163 172 195 198 203 221 237 257 271 300 301 302 302 306 339

Sport
Sport
(Discipline) Body 96 00 04 06 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20

^ a b The World Baseball
Baseball
Softball
Softball
Confederation, which currently governs both baseball and softball, was created by a 2013 merger of two former governing bodies—the International Baseball
Baseball
Federation and the International Softball
Softball
Federation. ^ The FIRS and ISF will merge in September 2017 into a body known as World Skate

Demonstration summer sports The following sports or disciplines have been demonstrated at the Summer Olympic Games
Olympic Games
for the years shown, but have never been included on the official Olympic program:

American football
American football
(1932) Australian football (1956) Ballooning (1900) Bowling
Bowling
(1988) Boules
Boules
(1900) Budō (1964) Finnish baseball (1952) Glima (1912) Gliding (1936) Kaatsen (1928) Korfball
Korfball
(1920 and 1928) La canne (1924) Surf lifesaving (1900) Longue paume (1900) Motorsport (1900) Roller hockey (1992) Savate (1924) Swedish (Ling) gymnastics (1948) Weight training with dumbbells (1904) Water skiing
Water skiing
(1972)

Gliding was promoted from demonstration sport to an official Olympic sport in 1936 in time for the 1940 Summer Olympics, but the Games were cancelled due to the outbreak of World War II.[23][24] Classification of Olympic sports
Olympic sports
for revenue share Summer Olympic sports
Summer Olympic sports
are divided into categories based on popularity, gauged by: television viewing figures (40%), Internet popularity (20%), public surveys (15%), ticket requests (10%), press coverage (10%), and number of national federations (5%). The category determines the share the sport's International Federation receives of Olympic revenue.[25][26] The current categories, as of 2013, are as follows, with the pre-2013 categorizations also being available.[27] Category A represents the most popular sports; category E lists either the sports that are the least popular or that are new to the Olympics (golf and rugby).

Category Individual Sport Team Sport

A athletics, aquatics, gymnastics ——

B cycling, tennis basketball, football, volleyball

C archery, badminton, boxing, judo, rowing shooting, table tennis, weightlifting ——

D canoe/kayaking, equestrian, fencing, sailing, taekwondo, triathlon, wrestling handball, field hockey

E modern pentathlon, golf rugby

Winter Olympics Before 1924, when the first Winter Olympic Games
Olympic Games
were celebrated, sports held on ice, like figure skating and ice hockey, were held at the Summer Olympics.[28] These two sports made their debuts at the 1908 and the 1920 Summer Olympics, respectively, but were permanently integrated in the Winter Olympics program as of the first edition. The International Winter Sports Week, later dubbed the I Olympic Winter Games and retroactively recognized as such by the IOC, consisted of nine sports. The number of sports contested at the Winter Olympics has since been decreased to seven, comprising a total of fifteen disciplines.[29] A sport or discipline must be widely practiced in at least 25 countries on three continents in order to be included on the Winter Olympics program.[2] Current winter program The following sports (or disciplines of a sport) make up the current Winter Olympic Games
Olympic Games
official program and are listed alphabetically, according to the name used by the IOC. The figures in each cell indicate the number of events for each sport that were contested at the respective Games (the red cells indicate that those sports were held at the Summer Games); a bullet denotes that the sport was contested as a demonstration sport. On some occasions, both official medal events and demonstration events were contested in the same sport at the same Games. Three out of the seven sports consist of multiple disciplines. Disciplines from the same sport are grouped under the same color:      Skating –      Skiing –      Bobsleigh

Sport
Sport
(Discipline) Body 08 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 94 98 02 06 10 14 18

 

Figure skating

ISU 4 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 5

Speed skating

  5 4 4 4 4 4 4 8 8 8 8 9 9 9 10 10 10 10 10 12 12 12 14

Short track speed skating

 

• 4 6 6 8 8 8 8 8

 

Ice hockey

IIHF   1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2

Curling

WCF   1

• •

2 2 2 2 2 3

 

Cross-country skiing

FIS   2 2 2 3 3 4 6 6 7 7 7 7 7 8 8 10 10 10 12 12 12 12 12

Alpine skiing

 

2 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 11

Ski jumping

  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 4

Nordic combined

  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3

Freestyle skiing

 

• 2 4 4 4 4 6 10 10

Snowboarding

 

4 4 6 6 10 10

 

Biathlon

IBU  

1 1 2 2 2 3 3 3 6 6 6 8 10 10 11 11

Luge

FIL  

3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 4

 

Bobsleigh

IBSF   1 1 2 2 2 2 2

2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3

Skeleton

 

1

1

2 2 2 2 2

 

Discontinued winter sports

 

Biathlon
Biathlon
/ Military Patrol

IBU   1 •

• •

Total events 16 14 14 17 22 22 24 27 34 35 35 37 38 39 46 57 61 68 78 84 86 98 102

Military patrol was an official skiing event in 1924 but the IOC currently considers it an event of biathlon in those games, and not as a separate sport. Demonstration winter sports The following sports have been demonstrated at the Winter Olympic Games for the years shown, but have never been included on the official Olympic program:

Bandy
Bandy
(1952) Disabled skiing (1984 and 1988) Ice stock sport (1936, 1964) Ski ballet (acroski) (1988 and 1992) Skijoring (1928) Sled-dog racing (1932) Speed skiing (1992) Winter pentathlon (1948)

Ice climbing was showcased in 2014, and will be demonstrated at the 2018 Winter Olympics, with a plan to be included official competition sport for the 2022 Winter Olympics.[30] Ski ballet, similarly to Military Patrol, was simply a demonstration event falling under the scope of freestyle skiing. Disabled sports are now part of the Winter Paralympic Games. Recognized international federations

Tug of war
Tug of war
was contested at the 1904 Summer Olympics. It was later dropped from the Olympic program but remains a recognized sport.

Many sports are not recognized as Olympic sports
Olympic sports
although their governing bodies are recognized by the IOC.[31] Such sports, if eligible under the terms of the Olympic Charter, may apply for inclusion in the program of future Games, through a recommendation by the IOC Olympic Programme Commission, followed by a decision of the IOC Executive Board and a vote of the IOC Session. When Olympic demonstration sports were allowed, a sport usually appeared as such before being officially admitted.[6] An International Sport
Sport
Federation (IF) is responsible for ensuring that the sport's activities follow the Olympic Charter. When a sport is recognized the IF become an official Olympic sport federation and can assemble with other Olympic IFs in the Association of Summer Olympic International Federations (ASOIF, for summer sports contested in the Olympic Games), Association of International Olympic Winter Sports Federations (AIOWS, for winter sports contested in the Olympic Games) or Association of IOC Recognised International Sports Federations (ARISF, for sports not contested in the Olympic Games).[1] A number of recognized sports are included in the program of the World Games, a multi-sport event run by the International World Games
World Games
Association, an organization that operates under the patronage of the IOC. Since the start of the World Games in 1981, a number of sports, including badminton, taekwondo, and triathlon have all subsequently been incorporated into the Olympic program. In 2020, the IOC altered the way it plans the Olympic Games
Olympic Games
from one based around a maximum number of sports, to taking total events into account, opening the schedule up for the inclusion on a Games by Games basis of additional sports to the 25 "core" sports. For the 2020 Summer Olympics, the local organizing committee was thus permitted to add a total of five sports to the programme in addition to the existing 28, taking the total to 33.[32][33] The governing bodies of the following sports, though not contested in the Olympic Games, are recognized by the IOC:[34]

Air sports1,3 American football[35] Auto racing3 Bandy Baseball
Baseball
and Softball1,2,4,5 Billiard sports1 Boules1 Bowling1 Bridge Cheerleading Chess Cricket2 Dancesport1 Floorball Karate1,5 Korfball1 Lifesaving1 Motorcycle racing3 Mountaineering
Mountaineering
and Climbing1 Muay Thai1 Netball Orienteering1 Pelota Vasca Polo2 Powerboating3 Racquetball1 Roller sports1 Ski mountaineering Sport
Sport
climbing5 Squash1 Sumo1 Surfing5 Tug of war1,2 Underwater sports1 Ultimate (Flying disc)1 [36] Water skiing3 Wushu

1 Official sport at the World Games 2 Discontinued Olympic sport 3 Ineligible to be included because the Olympic Charter
Olympic Charter
bans sports with motorization elements 4 The governing bodies for baseball and softball merged into a single international federation in 2013. 5 Included at the 2020 Summer Olympics References

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Olympic sports
of the past". Sports. International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2007-04-06.  ^ a b c "Demonstration Sports at the Olympic Games". Top End Sports. 2007-01-26. Retrieved 2007-03-18.  ^ "Disciplines". International Federation of Gymnastics. Retrieved 3 October 2015.  Clicking on the "Disciplines" tab in the main menu bar brings up a list of FIG disciplines; men's and women's artistic gymnastics are listed separately. ^ "Disciplines". United World Wrestling. Retrieved 31 October 2014.  ^ "Albertville 1992". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2008-07-08.  ^ "Wushu to be part of Beijing Olympic Games". News Guangdong. 2005-10-14. Retrieved 2007-03-18.  ^ "Rogge says wushu no "Olympic sport" in 2008". Xinhua News Agency. 2005-10-16. Archived from the original on 2006-11-28. Retrieved 2007-03-18.  ^ What Events are Olympic? Olympics at SportsReference.com. Accessed on 15 Aug 2008. ^ "The Postal History of ICAO". Icao.int. Retrieved 2014-02-09.  ^ a b "They'rrre out! Olympics drop baseball, softball". NBC Sports. Associated Press. 9 July 2005. Retrieved 15 August 2008. Rogge has basically conspired against the sports to get them removed  ^ de Vries, Lloyd (9 February 2006). "Strike 3 for Olympic Baseball". CBS News. Retrieved 15 August 2008.  ^ Wilson, Stephen (August 13, 2009). "Golf, rugby backed by IOC board for 2016 Games". The Seattle Times. Associated Press. Retrieved 2009-08-14.  ^ a b " Golf
Golf
& rugby voted into Olympics". BBC. October 9, 2009. Retrieved 4 January 2010.  ^ " Wrestling
Wrestling
to be dropped from 2020 Olympic Games", BBC Sport, 12 February 2013. ^ " Wrestling
Wrestling
added to Olympic programme for 2020 and 2024 Games". Retrieved 8 September 2013.  ^ "IOC approves five new sports for Olympic Games
Olympic Games
Tokyo 2020". Olympic.org. 2016-08-03. Retrieved 2016-08-03.  ^ " Athens
Athens
1896". Olympic Games. International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2010-03-13.  ^ Klein, Jeff Z. (August 14, 2009). "IOC Decision Draws Cheers and Complaints From Athletes". New York Times.  ^ Welch, Ann (1980). The Story of Gliding 2nd edition. John Murray. ISBN 0-7195-3659-6.  ^ "DFS-Olympia-Meise". Deutsches Museum. Retrieved 2008-03-25.  ^ "Athletics to share limelight as one of top Olympic sports". The Queensland Times. 2013-05-31. Retrieved 2013-07-18.  ^ "Winners Include Gymnastics, Swimming - and Wrestling
Wrestling
- as IOC Announces New Funding Distribution Groupings". The Association of Summer Olympic International Federations. Retrieved 2013-07-18.  ^ Olympics-IOC sports revenue rankings. Reuters 2013 ^ "A History of Winter Olympic Games: Celebration and Contrariety". WorldWeb Travel Guide. 2000. Retrieved 2008-08-01.  ^ "Charmonix 1924". Olympic Games. International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2010-03-13.  ^ http://theuiaa.org/ice-climbing/the-uiaa-and-its-olympic-goal/ ^ The following organizations are currently members of the ARISF. ^ "IOC approves five new sports for Olympic Games
Olympic Games
Tokyo 2020". Olympic.org. 2016-08-03. Retrieved 2016-08-03.  ^ "You're in! Baseball/softball, 4 other sports make Tokyo cut". USA Today. 2016-08-03. Retrieved 2016-08-18.  ^ "International Sports Federations (IFs)". Olympic.org. Retrieved 2014-07-07.  ^ "IFAF Earns Recognition by the International Olympic Committee". IFAF.org. Retrieved 2014-02-20.  ^ "Get Horizontal Ultimate & WFDF Receive Recognition By IOC !!!!". Gethorizontal.be. 2013-01-24. Archived from the original on 2013-06-13. Retrieved 2014-02-09. 

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International Olympic Committee
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Sports at the Olympic Games

Summer sports

Archery Athletics Badminton Basketball Boxing Canoeing Cycling Diving Equestrian Fencing Field hockey Football Golf Gymnastics Handball Judo Modern pentathlon Rowing Rugby sevens Sailing Shooting Swimming Synchronized swimming Table tennis Taekwondo Tennis Triathlon Volleyball

Beach volleyball

Water polo Weightlifting Wrestling

Winter sports

Alpine skiing Biathlon Bobsleigh Cross-country skiing Curling Figure skating Freestyle skiing Ice hockey Luge Nordic combined Short track speed skating Skeleton Ski jumping Snowboarding Speed skating

Future sports (2020)

Baseball

Softball

Karate Skateboarding Sport
Sport
climbing Surfing

Past sports

Basque pelota Cricket Croquet Jeu de paume Lacrosse Military patrol Polo Rackets Roque Rugby union (15-a-side) Tug of war Water motorsports

Demonstration sports

American football Australian football Bandy Bowling Budo Disabled skiing Gliding Glima Ice stock sport Korfball La canne Pesäpallo Roller hockey Savate Skijoring Sled dog racing Speed skiing Water skiing Winter pentathlon

Unofficial sports

Angling Art competitions Ballooning Boules Cannon shooting Cycle polo Fire fighting Gaelic football Hurling Kaatsen Kite flying Life saving Longue paume Motor racing Motorcycle racing Pigeon racing Wushu

See also: Paralympic sports

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Summer Olympic sports

2016 program

Archery Aquatics

Diving Marathon swimming Swimming Water polo Synchronised swimming

Athletics Badminton Basketball Boxing Canoeing

Canoe slalom Canoe sprint

Cycling

BMX racing Freestyle BMX Mountain bike Road cycling Track cycling

Equestrian

Dressage Eventing Show jumping

Fencing Field hockey Football Golf Gymnastics

Artistic gymnastics Rhythmic gymnastics Trampolining

Handball Judo Modern pentathlon Rowing Rugby sevens Sailing Shooting Table tennis Taekwondo Tennis Triathlon Volleyball

Beach volleyball

Weightlifting Wrestling

Freestyle wrestling Greco-Roman wrestling

2020 addition

Baseball

Softball

Karate Skateboarding Sport
Sport
climbing Surfing

See also: Paralympic sports
Paralympic sports
and Winter Olympic sports

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Winter Olympic sports

Alpine skiing Bandy Biathlon Bobsleigh Cross-country skiing Curling Figure skating Freestyle skiing Ice hockey Luge Nordic combined Short track speed skating Skeleton Ski jumping Snowboarding Speed skating

See also: Paralympic sports
Paralympic sports
and Summer Olympic sports

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Olympic Games

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Summer Olympics Winter Olympics

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IOC

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Medal

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Sports Symbols

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Women Deaths

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Olympic video games

Summer Games

1896 Athens 1900 Paris 1904 St. Louis 1908 London 1912 Stockholm 1916 Berlin 1920 Antwerp 1924 Paris 1928 Amsterdam 1932 Los Angeles 1936 Berlin 1940 Tokyo 1944 London 1948 London 1952 Helsinki 1956 Melbourne 1960 Rome 1964 Tokyo 1968 Mexico City 1972 Munich 1976 Montreal 1980 Moscow 1984 Los Angeles 1988 Seoul 1992 Barcelona 1996 Atlanta 2000 Sydney 2004 Athens 2008 Beijing 2012 London 2016 Rio de Janeiro 2020 Tokyo 2024 Paris 2028 Los Angeles 2032 TBD

Winter Games

1924 Chamonix 1928 St. Moritz 1932 Lake Placid 1936 Garmisch-Partenkirchen 1940 Sapporo 1944 Cortina d'Ampezzo 1948 St. Moritz 1952 Oslo 1956 Cortina d'Ampezzo 1960 Squaw Valley 1964 Innsbruck 1968 Grenoble 1972 Sapporo 1976 Innsbruck 1980 Lake Placid 1984 Sarajevo 1988 Calgary 1992 Albertville 1994 Lillehammer 1998 Nagano 2002 Salt Lake City 2006 Turin 2010 Vancouver 2014 Sochi 2018 Pyeongchang 2022 Beijing 2026 TBD 2030 TBD

Ancient Olympic Games Intercalated Games

1906

Paralympic Games Youth Olympic Games

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International Olympic Committee

Associations

Association of National Olympic Committees List of international sports federations National Olympic Committee Organizing Committees for the Olympic Games

Main topics

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IOC sessions

117th 121st 123rd 125th 127th 128th 130th 131st 132nd 133rd 134th

Authority control

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