Olympic Peninsula is the large arm of land in western Washington
that lies across
Puget Sound from Seattle, and contains Olympic
National Park. It is bounded on the west by the Pacific Ocean, the
north by the Strait of Juan de Fuca, and the east by Hood Canal. Cape
Alava, the westernmost point in the contiguous United States, and Cape
Flattery, the northwesternmost point, are on the peninsula. Comprising
about 3600 square miles, the
Olympic Peninsula contained many of the
last unexplored places in the Contiguous United States. It remained
largely unmapped until Arthur Dodwell and Theodore Rixon mapped most
of its topography and timber resources between 1898 and 1900.
4 Cities and towns
4.1 Population of at least 10,000
4.2 Population of at least 5,000
4.3 Population of at least 1,000
4.4 Population of less than 1,000
6 External links
Olympic Peninsula is home to temperate rain forests, including the
Hoh, Queets Rain Forest, and Quinault. Rain forest vegetation is
concentrated primarily in the western part of the peninsula, as the
interior mountains create a rain shadow effect in areas to the
northeast, resulting in a much drier climate in those locales.
The Olympic mountain range sits in the center of the Olympic
Peninsula. This range is the second largest in Washington State. Its
highest peak is Mt. Olympus.
Major salmon-bearing rivers on the
Olympic Peninsula include,
clockwise from the southwest: the Humptulips, the Quinault, the
Queets, the Quillayute, Bogachiel, the Sol Duc, the Lyre, the Elwha
(see Elwha Ecosystem Restoration), the Dungeness, the Dosewallips, the
Hamma Hamma, the Skokomish, and the Wynoochee River.
Natural lakes on the peninsula including, Lake Crescent, Lake Ozette,
Lake Sutherland, Lake Quinault, and Lake Pleasant. Two dammed rivers
form the reservoirs of
Lake Cushman and Wynoochee Lake; two previous
reservoirs, destroyed in the Elwha Ecosystem Restoration, included
Lake Aldwell (behind the former Elwha Dam) and Lake Mills (behind the
former Glines Canyon Dam).
The peninsula contains many state and national parks, including
Anderson Lake, Bogachiel, Dosewallips, Fort Flagler, Fort Worden,
Kitsap Memorial, Lake Cushman, Manchester, Mystery Bay, Old Fort
Townsend, Potlatch, Sequim Bay, Shine Tidelands, and Triton Cove state
parks; Olympic National Park; and the Olympic National Forest. Within
the Olympic National Forest, there are five designated wilderness
areas: The Brothers, Buckhorn, Colonel Bob, Mt. Skokomish, and Wonder
Mountain. Just off the west coast is the Washington Islands
A major effort called the
Wild Olympics campaign is under way to
protect additional wilderness areas on the Olympic National Peninsula,
protect salmon streams under the Wild and Scenic River Act and provide
a means for
Olympic National Park
Olympic National Park to offer to buy land adjacent to the
Park from willing sellers.
Clallam and Jefferson Counties, as well as the northern parts of Grays
Harbor and Mason Counties, are on the peninsula. The Kitsap Peninsula,
bounded by the Hood Canal and the Puget Sound, is an entirely separate
peninsula and is not connected to the Olympic Peninsula.
From Olympia, the state capital, U.S. Route 101 runs along the Olympic
Peninsula's eastern, northern, and western shorelines.
Köppen climate types of the Olympic Peninsula
Most of the peninsula has an oceanic climate, or Cfb under the Köppen
climate classification. Most populated areas, however, have a
warm-summer Mediterranean climate, or Csb.
Olympic Peninsula is represented in the U.S. House of
Representatives by Derek Kilmer.
Cedar Creek and Abbey Island, Kalaloch Area
National Park Service Sign at the entrance of Hoh Rain Forest
Point of the Arches
Cities and towns
Population of at least 10,000
Population of at least 5,000
Population of at least 1,000
Population of less than 1,000
^ Majors, Harry M. (1975). Exploring Washington. Van Winkle Publishing
Co. p. 71. ISBN 978-0-918664-00-6.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Olympic Peninsula.
Olympic Peninsula travel guide from Wikivoyage
Olympic National Park
University of Washington Libraries Digital Collections – The Pacific
Olympic Peninsula Community Museum A web-based museum
showcasing aspects of the rich history and culture of Washington
Olympic Peninsula communities. Features cultural exhibits,
curriculum packets and a searchable archive of over 12,000 items that
includes historical photographs, audio recordings, videos, maps,
diaries, reports and other documents.
Olympic Peninsula at Curlie (based on DMOZ)
State of Washington
Archaeology and Historic Preservation
Fish and Wildlife
Labor and Industries
Liquor and Cannabis Board
Institute for Public Policy
Public Stadium Authority
Public Disclosure Commission
Services for the Blind
Social and Health Services
Student Achievement Council
Utilities and Transportation
Long Beach Peninsula
San Juan Islands
Wenatchee metropolitan area
Greater Portland and Vancouver
Coordinates: 47°47′54″N 123°37′05″W / 47.79833°N
123.61806°W / 47