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The Olympic Peninsula
Olympic Peninsula
is the large arm of land in western Washington that lies across Puget Sound
Puget Sound
from Seattle, and contains Olympic National Park. It is bounded on the west by the Pacific Ocean, the north by the Strait of Juan de Fuca, and the east by Hood Canal. Cape Alava, the westernmost point in the contiguous United States, and Cape Flattery, the northwesternmost point, are on the peninsula. Comprising about 3600 square miles, the Olympic Peninsula
Olympic Peninsula
contained many of the last unexplored places in the Contiguous United States. It remained largely unmapped until Arthur Dodwell and Theodore Rixon mapped most of its topography and timber resources between 1898 and 1900.[1]

Contents

1 Geography

1.1 Climate

2 Politics 3 Gallery 4 Cities and towns

4.1 Population of at least 10,000 4.2 Population of at least 5,000 4.3 Population of at least 1,000 4.4 Population of less than 1,000

5 References 6 External links

Geography[edit] The Olympic Peninsula
Olympic Peninsula
is home to temperate rain forests, including the Hoh, Queets Rain Forest, and Quinault. Rain forest vegetation is concentrated primarily in the western part of the peninsula, as the interior mountains create a rain shadow effect in areas to the northeast, resulting in a much drier climate in those locales. The Olympic mountain range sits in the center of the Olympic Peninsula. This range is the second largest in Washington State. Its highest peak is Mt. Olympus. Major salmon-bearing rivers on the Olympic Peninsula
Olympic Peninsula
include, clockwise from the southwest: the Humptulips, the Quinault, the Queets, the Quillayute, Bogachiel, the Sol Duc, the Lyre, the Elwha (see Elwha Ecosystem Restoration), the Dungeness, the Dosewallips, the Hamma Hamma, the Skokomish, and the Wynoochee River. Natural lakes on the peninsula including, Lake Crescent, Lake Ozette, Lake Sutherland, Lake Quinault, and Lake Pleasant. Two dammed rivers form the reservoirs of Lake Cushman
Lake Cushman
and Wynoochee Lake; two previous reservoirs, destroyed in the Elwha Ecosystem Restoration, included Lake Aldwell
Lake Aldwell
(behind the former Elwha Dam) and Lake Mills (behind the former Glines Canyon Dam). The peninsula contains many state and national parks, including Anderson Lake, Bogachiel, Dosewallips, Fort Flagler, Fort Worden, Kitsap Memorial, Lake Cushman, Manchester, Mystery Bay, Old Fort Townsend, Potlatch, Sequim Bay, Shine Tidelands, and Triton Cove state parks; Olympic National Park; and the Olympic National Forest. Within the Olympic National Forest, there are five designated wilderness areas: The Brothers, Buckhorn, Colonel Bob, Mt. Skokomish, and Wonder Mountain. Just off the west coast is the Washington Islands Wilderness. A major effort called the Wild Olympics campaign is under way to protect additional wilderness areas on the Olympic National Peninsula, protect salmon streams under the Wild and Scenic River Act and provide a means for Olympic National Park
Olympic National Park
to offer to buy land adjacent to the Park from willing sellers. Clallam and Jefferson Counties, as well as the northern parts of Grays Harbor and Mason Counties, are on the peninsula. The Kitsap Peninsula, bounded by the Hood Canal and the Puget Sound, is an entirely separate peninsula and is not connected to the Olympic Peninsula. From Olympia, the state capital, U.S. Route 101 runs along the Olympic Peninsula's eastern, northern, and western shorelines. Climate[edit]

Köppen climate types of the Olympic Peninsula

Most of the peninsula has an oceanic climate, or Cfb under the Köppen climate classification. Most populated areas, however, have a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, or Csb. Politics[edit] The Olympic Peninsula
Olympic Peninsula
is represented in the U.S. House of Representatives by Derek Kilmer. Gallery[edit]

Cedar Creek and Abbey Island, Kalaloch Area

Hoh River

National Park Service Sign at the entrance of Hoh Rain Forest

Hurricane Ridge

Lake Crescent

Elwha River

Point of the Arches

Mount Constance

Cities and towns[edit] Population of at least 10,000[edit]

Port Angeles Aberdeen

Population of at least 5,000[edit]

Hoquiam Ocean Shores Port Townsend Sequim Shelton

Population of at least 1,000[edit]

Belfair Forks Port Hadlock Port Ludlow

Population of less than 1,000[edit]

Amanda Park Brinnon Chimacum Clallam Bay Discovery Bay Eldon Hoodsport Humptulips Kalaloch La Push Lilliwaup Moclips Neah Bay Ocean City Ozette Pacific Beach Potlatch Quilcene Quinault Sekiu Union

References[edit]

^ Majors, Harry M. (1975). Exploring Washington. Van Winkle Publishing Co. p. 71. ISBN 978-0-918664-00-6. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Olympic Peninsula.

Olympic Peninsula
Olympic Peninsula
travel guide from Wikivoyage Olympic National Park University of Washington Libraries Digital Collections – The Pacific Northwest Olympic Peninsula
Olympic Peninsula
Community Museum A web-based museum showcasing aspects of the rich history and culture of Washington State's Olympic Peninsula
Olympic Peninsula
communities. Features cultural exhibits, curriculum packets and a searchable archive of over 12,000 items that includes historical photographs, audio recordings, videos, maps, diaries, reports and other documents. Olympic Peninsula
Olympic Peninsula
at Curlie (based on DMOZ)

v t e

 State of Washington

Olympia (capital)

Topics

Cities Towns Census-designated places Federal lands

Indian reservations

History Geography Earthquakes People Music Parks Highways Symbols Tourist attractions

Society

Cannabis Culture Crime Demographics Economy Education Politics

Politics

Government

Law Governors Legislature Legislative districts Senate House Legislative initiatives Popular initiatives Congressional delegation Congressional districts City governments

State agencies

Agriculture Archaeology and Historic Preservation Commerce Corrections Early Learning Ecology Employment Security Enterprise Services Financial Institutions Fish and Wildlife Health Information Services Labor and Industries Licensing Liquor and Cannabis Board Military Natural Resources Parks Institute for Public Policy Public Stadium Authority Public Disclosure Commission Retirement Systems Revenue Services for the Blind Social and Health Services Student Achievement Council Transportation Utilities and Transportation

Regions

Western

Kitsap Peninsula Long Beach Peninsula Olympic Peninsula Puget Sound San Juan Islands Skagit Valley

Eastern/Inland

Central Washington Columbia Plateau Methow Valley Okanogan Country Palouse Yakima Valley

Shared

Cascade Range Columbia Gorge Columbia River

Largest cities

Seattle Spokane Tacoma Vancouver Bellevue Kent Everett Renton Yakima Federal Way Spokane Valley Kirkland Bellingham Kennewick Auburn Pasco Marysville Lakewood Redmond Shoreline Richland

Metropolitan areas

Greater Seattle Greater Spokane Tri-Cities Wenatchee metropolitan area Greater Portland and Vancouver

Counties

Adams Asotin Benton Chelan Clallam Clark Columbia Cowlitz Douglas Ferry Franklin Garfield Grant Grays Harbor Island Jefferson King Kitsap Kittitas Klickitat Lewis Lincoln Mason Okanogan Pacific Pend Oreille Pierce San Juan Skagit Skamania Snohomish Spokane Stevens Thurston Wahkiakum Walla Walla Whatcom Whitman Yakima

Coordinates: 47°47′54″N 123°37′05″W / 47.79833°N 123.61806°W / 47

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