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In Welsh mythology
Welsh mythology
, OLWEN\' (OR OLWYN) is the daughter of the giant Ysbaddaden
Ysbaddaden
and cousin of Goreu . She is the heroine of the story Culhwch and Olwen
Culhwch and Olwen
in the Mabinogion
Mabinogion
. Her father is fated to die if she ever marries, so when Culhwch
Culhwch
(sometimes spelled as Kilhwch) comes to court her, he is given a series of immensely difficult tasks which he must complete before he can win her hand. With the help of his cousin King Arthur
King Arthur
, Culhwch
Culhwch
succeeds and the giant dies, allowing Olwen to marry her suitor.

The name "Olwen" reappears in the non-Arthurian folktale Einion and Olwen, about a sheep herder who travels to the Otherworld to marry Olwen; they later have a son named Taliesin
Taliesin
. The tale was collected at the turn of the 20th century but is related to Culhwch
Culhwch
and Olwen.

The meaning of the name Olwen is "white footprint". According to legend, she was so gentle and fragile that white lilies would grow in her footprints. Some authorities consider her to have been originally a solar goddess , based on the etymology of her name and light-related attributes.

NOTABLE PERSONS WITH THIS NAME

* Olwen Fouéré , Breton/Irish actress on stage and in film * Olwen Hufton , British historian of early modern Europe, women's history and social history * Olwen Kelly , Irish model and actress * Olwen Wymark , American playwright and author

SEE ALSO

* Olwyn (name) * Welsh mythology
Welsh mythology
in popular culture

REFERENCES

* ^ Bruce, Christopher W. (21 August 2013). "The Arthurian Name Dictionary". Routledge – via Google Books. * ^ "The Fairy-Faith in Celtic Countries: Section I: The Living Fairy-Faith: Chapter II. Taking of Evidence: V. In Wales". www.sacred-texts.com. * ^ "Welsh ol "footprint, track" and gwen "white, fair, blessed"", cited from http://www.behindthename.com/name/olwen * ^ Simon Andrew Stirling, The Grail: Relic of an Ancient Religion, 2015 * ^ Patricia Monaghan, The Encyclopedia of Celtic Mythology and Folklore, page 433.

* v * t * e

Celtic mythology
Celtic mythology
series

WELSH MYTHOLOGY

TEXTS AND TALES

FOUR BRANCHES OF THE MABINOGI

* Pwyll Pendefig Dyfed * Branwen ferch Llŷr * Manawydan fab Llŷr * Math fab Mathonwy

ARTHURIAN

* Culhwch and Olwen
Culhwch and Olwen
* Preiddeu Annwfn
Preiddeu Annwfn
* Owain, or the Lady of the Fountain * Geraint
Geraint
and Enid * Peredur son of Efrawg * The Dream of Rhonabwy * Geraint son of Erbin

OTHER

* Taliesin
Taliesin
* Cad Goddeu * Welsh Triads
Welsh Triads
* The Dream of Macsen Wledig * Englynion y Beddau * Giant tales * Lludd and Llefelys

CHARACTERS

* Afaon fab Taliesin
Taliesin
* Amaethon * Arawn * Arianrhod * Arthur * Afallach * Beli Mawr * Bleiddwn * Blodeuwedd
Blodeuwedd
* Bedwyr * Bendigeidfran * Branwen
Branwen
* Cai * Caradog ap Bran * Caswallawn * Ceridwen
Ceridwen
* Cigfa * Creiddylad * Culhwch
Culhwch
* Cyhyraeth * Cyledr Wyllt * Cymidei Cymeinfoll * Cynon * Dôn * Drudwas * Dylan ail Don * Dywel fab Erbin
Dywel fab Erbin
* Edern ap Nudd
Edern ap Nudd
* Efnysien
Efnysien
* Elen * Elffin ap Gwyddno * Eliwlod * Eufydd * Euroswydd * Geraint
Geraint
* Gilfaethwy * Glewlwyd Gafaelfawr * Goewin * Gofannon * Goreu fab Custennin
Goreu fab Custennin
* Gronw Pebr * Gwawl * Gwern
Gwern
* Gwrhyr * Gwyddno Garanhir * Gwydion
Gwydion
* Gwyn ap Nudd * Gwythyr * Gwalchmei * Hafgan * Hefeydd * Hueil mab Caw * Hychddwn * Hyddwn * Iddog ap Mynio * Idris * Llefelys * Lleu * Llŷr
Llŷr
* Lludd * Llwyd * Mabon * Madoc ap Uthyr * Macsen Wledig * Mallt-y-Nos * Manawydan * Math * Matholwch * Menw
Menw
* Modron * Morfydd * Morfran * Nisien * Olwen * Penarddun * Penpingion * Peredur * Pryderi
Pryderi
* Pwyll
Pwyll
* Rhiannon
Rhiannon
* Saint Cyllin * Saint Eigen
Saint Eigen
* Sanddef
Sanddef
* Seithenyn * Taliesin
Taliesin
* Tegid Foel * Teyrnon * Ysbaddaden
Ysbaddaden

Animals and creatures

* Adar Llwch Gwin * Adar Rhiannon
Rhiannon
* Afanc * Cavall
Cavall
(Cafall, Cabal) * Ceffyl Dŵr * Cewri * Coblynau * Coraniaid * Cŵn Annwn * Cyhyraeth * Dreigiau * Gwyllgi * Gwyllion * Llamhigyn y Dŵr * Morgens * Plentyn Newid * Pwca * Twrch Trwyth
Twrch Trwyth
* Tylwyth Teg

LOCATIONS

* Annwn
Annwn
* Cornwall
Cornwall
( Celliwig ) * Caer Sidi * Cantre\'r Gwaelod * Dyfed
Dyfed
(Arberth , Gwales ) * Gwynedd
Gwynedd
( Aberffraw
Aberffraw
, Arfon , Ardudwy , Caer Dathyl ) * Ireland
Ireland
* London
London
( Ludgate )

MISCELLANEOUS

* Excalibur
Excalibur
(Caledfwlch) * Cauldron of rebirth * Llech Ronw * Thirteen Treasures of the Island of Britain

* v * t * e

King Arthur
King Arthur
and the Matter of Britain
Matter of Britain

KEY PEOPLE

* King Arthur
King Arthur
* Constantine * Galahad
Galahad
* Gawain
Gawain
* Queen Guinevere
Guinevere
* Igraine
Igraine
* Lady of the Lake
Lady of the Lake
* Lancelot
Lancelot
* Merlin
Merlin
* Mordred
Mordred
* Morgan le Fay
Morgan le Fay
* Morgause * Percival
Percival
* Tristan
Tristan
* Uther Pendragon
Uther Pendragon

Knights of the Round Table
Round Table

* Aglovale * Agravain * Bagdemagus * Bedivere
Bedivere
* Bors
Bors
* Breunor * Calogrenant * Caradoc
Caradoc
* Dagonet * Dinadan
Dinadan
* Elyan the White * Erec * Gaheris * Gareth
Gareth
* Geraint
Geraint
* Griflet
Griflet
* Hector de Maris * Hoel
Hoel
* Kay * Lamorak
Lamorak
* Leodegrance
Leodegrance
* Lionel * Lucan * Morholt * Palamedes * Pelleas
Pelleas
* Pellinore * Safir * Sagramore * Segwarides * Tor * Urien
Urien
* Ywain
Ywain
* Ywain
Ywain
the Bastard

OTHER CHARACTERS

* Balin * Balan * King Ban
King Ban
* Claudas * Culhwch
Culhwch
* Dindrane * Ector * Elaine of Astolat
Elaine of Astolat
* Elaine of Corbenic
Elaine of Corbenic
* Fisher King * Galehaut * Gorlois * Gwenhwyfach * Hellawes * Iseult
Iseult
* Black Knight * Green Knight
Green Knight
* Red Knight * Lohengrin
Lohengrin
* King Lot * Maleagant * King Mark * Emperor Lucius * Olwen * Questing Beast
Questing Beast
* Rience * Tom Thumb
Tom Thumb

OBJECTS

* Excalibur
Excalibur
* Holy Grail
Holy Grail
* Round Table
Round Table
* Siege Perilous
Siege Perilous

PLACES

* Astolat *