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Oliver George Wallace (August 6, 1887 – September 15, 1963) was an English-born American composer and conductor.[1] He was especially known for his film music compositions, which were written for many animation, documentary, and feature films from Walt Disney
Walt Disney
Studios.[2]

Contents

1 Biography 2 Filmography (selection)

2.1 Actor

3 References 4 External links

Biography[edit] Wallace was born on August 6, 1887, in London. After completing his musical training, he went to the United States
United States
in 1904, becoming a US citizen ten years later.[1] He initially worked primarily on the West Coast as a conductor of theater orchestras and as an organist accompanying silent films. At the same time, he also made a name as a songwriter, writing tunes such as the popular "Hindustan". With the advent of the talking film era, he worked increasingly for Hollywood film studios in the 1930s. In 1936 he joined Disney Studios, and quickly became one of the most important composers in the studio for animated short films. Wallace provided the music for 139 of these shorts. One of his best-known pieces is the song "Der Fuehrer's Face" from the 1942 Donald Duck propaganda cartoon. This parody of a Horst Wessel
Horst Wessel
song was, mainly through the version by Spike Jones
Spike Jones
and His City Slickers, one of the biggest hits during the Second World War. Other shorts Wallace scored include Ben and Me (1953), about Benjamin Franklin
Benjamin Franklin
and a mouse, and the Oscar-winning Toot, Whistle, Plunk and Boom
Toot, Whistle, Plunk and Boom
(1953), the first cartoon to use the new Cinemascope
Cinemascope
process. Walt Disney
Walt Disney
also had Wallace score full-length films for the studios. His first big success was Dumbo
Dumbo
(1941), for which he, together with Frank Churchill, won his first and only Oscar in 1942.[3] He went on to score Victory Through Air Power (1943), The Adventures of Ichabod and Mr. Toad (1949), Cinderella (1950) (Paul J. Smith also scored Cinderella), Alice in Wonderland (1951), Peter Pan (1953), Lady and the Tramp (1955), and White Wilderness (1958). Wallace also voiced the villainous Mr. Winkie in The Adventures of Ichabod and Mr. Toad. He received four other Oscar nominations for the music to Victory Through Air Power, Cinderella, Alice in Wonderland, and White Wilderness. A common characteristic of all these productions was the cooperation of several composers in the creation of the music. Wallace understood this and integrated leitmotiv-like elements from the individual songs into the film scores. When the Disney studios began to increasingly produce full-length feature films, Wallace also wrote scores for these. In Darby O'Gill and the Little People (1959), Wallace wrote not only the score but also set the Lawrence Edward Watkin-penned popular songs "Pretty Irish Girl" and "The Wishing Song". In Toby Tyler, or Ten Weeks with the Circus
Circus
(1959), he appeared as an actor, playing the conductor of the circus band. Starting with Seal Island (1948), Wallace also specialized in musical accompaniments for Disney documentaries, including nearly all the films for the "People and Places" series and some of the "True Life Adventures". The music of White Wilderness (1958) was even nominated for an Oscar in 1959, a rare event for a documentary film. Overall, Wallace contributed music to nearly 150 Walt Disney productions.[2] He worked for Disney studios for 27 years.[4] He remained active in the studio in Los Angeles
Los Angeles
until shortly before his death at a Burbank, California
California
hospital on September 15, 1963 at the age of 76.[4] In 2008 he was honored with a Disney Legends
Disney Legends
award.[5] Filmography (selection)[edit] Most of the films were scored in collaboration with other composers.

1934 – Girl in the Case – Music 1937 – Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs – Score 1940 – Pinocchio – Score (uncredited) 1941 – Dumbo
Dumbo
– Score 1942 – Der Fuehrer's Face
Der Fuehrer's Face
– Score and title song 1942 – Bambi
Bambi
– Score 1943 – Victory Through Air Power – Score (participation) 1943 – Saludos Amigos
Saludos Amigos
– Score 1945 – The Three Caballeros
The Three Caballeros
– Score 1946 – Make Mine Music
Make Mine Music
– Score 1947 – Fun and Fancy Free – Score (participation) 1948 – Melody Time
Melody Time
– Score 1948 – Seal Island – Score 1949 – The Adventures of Ichabod and Mr. Toad
The Adventures of Ichabod and Mr. Toad
– Score 1950 – Cinderella – Score (participation) 1951 – Alice in Wonderland – Score 1953 – Peter Pan – Score and some songs 1953 – Ben and Me – Score 1953 – Toot, Whistle, Plunk and Boom
Toot, Whistle, Plunk and Boom
– Score 1954 – Siam – Score 1955 – Men Against the Arctic – Score 1955 – Lady and the Tramp
Lady and the Tramp
– Score (participation) 1957 – Old Yeller – Score and song 1958 – White Wilderness – Score 1958 – Tonka – Score 1959 – Darby O'Gill and the Little People
Darby O'Gill and the Little People
– Score and song 1960 – Jungle Cat – Score 1960 – Ten Who Dared
Ten Who Dared
– Score 1961 – Nikki, Wild Dog of the North
Nikki, Wild Dog of the North
– Score 1962 – Big Red – Score 1962 – The Legend of Lobo
The Legend of Lobo
– Score 1963 – Savage Sam – Score 1963 – The Incredible Journey – Score 1996 – Operation Dumbo
Dumbo
Drop – Song (posthumous)

Actor[edit]

1949 – The Adventures of Ichabod and Mr. Toad
The Adventures of Ichabod and Mr. Toad
– Mr. Winky, The Gang Leader (voice) 1960 – Toby Tyler, or Ten Weeks with a Circus
Circus
(1960) – Bandleader (Last appearance)

References[edit]

^ a b Home Front Heroes: A Biographical Dictionary of Americans During Wartime, Volume 3, ed. Benjamin F. Shearer (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2007), p. 836 ^ a b Thomas S. Hischak, The Encyclopedia of Film Composers (Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2015), pp. 691–693 ^ "1941 (14th)". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved June 4, 2015.  ^ a b Associated Press (September 17, 1963). "Noted Composer Oliver Wallace Is Dead at Age 76". Sarasota Journal. Retrieved June 4, 2015.  ^ "Barbara Walters And Frank Gifford Among 11 Honorees To Receive Prestigious Disney Legends
Disney Legends
Awards", US Fed News Service, Including US State News, The Associated Newspapers of Ceylon Ltd. (2008), HighBeam Research. June 4, 2015<http://www.highbeam.com>

External links[edit]

Oliver Wallace on IMDb

v t e

Academy Award for Best Original Score

1930s

Louis Silvers
Louis Silvers
(1934) Max Steiner
Max Steiner
(1935) Leo F. Forbstein
Leo F. Forbstein
(1936) Charles Previn
Charles Previn
(1937) Erich Wolfgang Korngold/Alfred Newman (1938) Herbert Stothart/Richard Hageman, W. Franke Harling, John Leipold, Leo Shuken (1939)

1940s

Leigh Harline, Paul J. Smith, Ned Washington/Alfred Newman (1940) Bernard Herrmann/ Frank Churchill and Oliver Wallace (1941) Max Steiner/ Ray Heindorf and Heinz Roemheld (1942) Alfred Newman/ Ray Heindorf (1943) Max Steiner/ Morris Stoloff and Carmen Dragon
Carmen Dragon
(1944) Miklós Rózsa/ Georgie Stoll (1945) Hugo Friedhofer/ Morris Stoloff (1946) Miklós Rózsa/Alfred Newman (1947) Brian Easdale/ Johnny Green
Johnny Green
and Roger Edens (1948) Aaron Copland/ Roger Edens and Lennie Hayton (1949)

1950s

Franz Waxman/ Adolph Deutsch and Roger Edens (1950) Franz Waxman/ Johnny Green
Johnny Green
and Saul Chaplin (1951) Dimitri Tiomkin/Alfred Newman (1952) Bronisław Kaper/Alfred Newman (1953) Dimitri Tiomkin/ Adolph Deutsch and Saul Chaplin (1954) Alfred Newman/Robert Russell Bennett, Jay Blackton and Adolph Deutsch (1955) Victor Young/Alfred Newman and Ken Darby (1956) Malcolm Arnold (1957) Dimitri Tiomkin/Andre Previn (1958) Miklós Rózsa/Andre Previn and Ken Darby (1959)

1960s

Ernest Gold/ Morris Stoloff and Harry Sukman (1960) Henry Mancini/Saul Chaplin, Johnny Green, Sid Ramin and Irwin Kostal (1961) Maurice Jarre/ Ray Heindorf (1962) John Addison/Andre Previn (1963) Richard M. Sherman
Richard M. Sherman
and Robert B. Sherman/Andre Previn (1964) Maurice Jarre/ Irwin Kostal (1965) John Barry/ Ken Thorne (1966) Elmer Bernstein/Alfred Newman and Ken Darby (1967) John Barry/ Johnny Green
Johnny Green
(1968) Burt Bacharach/ Lennie Hayton and Lionel Newman (1969)

1970s

Francis Lai/ The Beatles
The Beatles
(John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo Starr) (1970) Michel Legrand/ John Williams
John Williams
(1971) Charlie Chaplin, Raymond Rasch and Larry Russell/ Ralph Burns
Ralph Burns
(1972) Marvin Hamlisch/ Marvin Hamlisch
Marvin Hamlisch
(1973) Nino Rota
Nino Rota
and Carmine Coppola/ Nelson Riddle
Nelson Riddle
(1974) John Williams/ Leonard Rosenman
Leonard Rosenman
(1975) Jerry Goldsmith/ Leonard Rosenman
Leonard Rosenman
(1976) John Williams/ Jonathan Tunick (1977) Giorgio Moroder/ Joe Renzetti (1978) Georges Delerue/ Ralph Burns
Ralph Burns
(1979)

1980s

Michael Gore (1980) Vangelis
Vangelis
(1981) John Williams/ Henry Mancini
Henry Mancini
and Leslie Bricusse (1982) Bill Conti/Michel Legrand, Alan and Marilyn Bergman (1983) Maurice Jarre/Prince (1984) John Barry (1985) Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock
(1986) Ryuichi Sakamoto, David Byrne
David Byrne
and Cong Su (1987) Dave Grusin
Dave Grusin
(1988) Alan Menken
Alan Menken
(1989)

1990s

John Barry (1990) Alan Menken
Alan Menken
(1991) Alan Menken
Alan Menken
(1992) John Williams
John Williams
(1993) Hans Zimmer
Hans Zimmer
(1994) Luis Enríquez Bacalov/ Alan Menken
Alan Menken
and Stephen Schwartz (1995) Gabriel Yared/ Rachel Portman (1996) James Horner/ Anne Dudley
Anne Dudley
(1997) Nicola Piovani/ Stephen Warbeck (1998) John Corigliano (1999)

2000s

Tan Dun
Tan Dun
(2000) Howard Shore
Howard Shore
(2001) Elliot Goldenthal
Elliot Goldenthal
(2002) Howard Shore
Howard Shore
(2003) Jan A. P. Kaczmarek
Jan A. P. Kaczmarek
(2004) Gustavo Santaolalla
Gustavo Santaolalla
(2005) Gustavo Santaolalla
Gustavo Santaolalla
(2006) Dario Marianelli (2007) A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(2008) Michael Giacchino
Michael Giacchino
(2009)

2010s

Trent Reznor
Trent Reznor
and Atticus Ross
Atticus Ross
(2010) Ludovic Bource
Ludovic Bource
(2011) Mychael Danna (2012) Steven Price (2013) Alexandre Desplat
Alexandre Desplat
(2014) Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(2015) Justin Hurwitz
Justin Hurwitz
(2016) Alexandre Desplat
Alexandre Desplat
(2017)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 7584373 LCCN: no94044084 ISNI: 0000 0001 1020 6887 GND: 135431816 SUDOC: 161146090 BNF: cb13999898x (data) MusicBrainz: ad0e1c5b-2a97-45e2-9176-105444da0752 NLA: 53004517 NDL: 001159934 BNE: XX1288

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