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The Old Book of Tang, or simply the Book of Tang, is the first classic historical work about the Tang dynasty, comprising 200 chapters, and is one of the Twenty-Four Histories. Originally compiled during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period, it was superseded by the New Book of Tang which was compiled in the Song dynasty, but later regained acceptance.

Contents

1 Structure 2 History 3 References 4 Works cited 5 External links

Structure[edit] The Old Book of Tang
Old Book of Tang
comprises 200 chapters.[1] History[edit] The book began when Later Jin's founding emperor Shi Jingtang
Shi Jingtang
ordered its compilation in 941. The original chief editor was Zhao Ying (趙瑩), who was also the chancellor then. However, by the time of its completion, Liu Xu had become chancellor and taken over the work of organisation; as a result he was credited as chief editor when the work was presented in 945 to Emperor Chu of Jin. Being a relatively quickly compiled work of official history, the Old Book of Tang was a compilation of earlier annals, now lost; it further incorporates other monographs and biographies, using as sources (for instance) the Tongdian of Du You.[2] These sources were often directly copied from records and earlier histories, and the result would be severely criticised during the Northern Song; Emperor Renzong of Song, for example, called the book "poorly organised, burdened with unimportant details, wanting in style and poorly researched". These errors even included duplicated biographies of characters. Because of these criticisms, in 1044 a new history of the Tang dynasty was commissioned; with Ouyang Xiu
Ouyang Xiu
and Song Qi as editors, the New Book of Tang was then produced. After the New Book was presented, the original Old Book of Tang
Old Book of Tang
went out of print, and over centuries it became very rare. It was during the Ming dynasty
Ming dynasty
when the remaining copies were gathered and the book was once again published, eventually becoming canonised as one of the Twenty-Four Histories. References[edit]

^ Kaneko 1994. ^ Twitchett 2002.

Works cited[edit]

Twitchett, Denis (2002). The Writing of Official History Under the T'ang. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-52293-9.  Kaneko, Shūichi (1994). "唐書 (とうじょ)". Encyclopedia Nipponica (in Japanese). Shogakukan. Retrieved 2017-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Chinese Wikisource
Wikisource
has original text related to this article: 舊唐書

The Old Book of Tang
Old Book of Tang
at the Chinese Text Project.

v t e

Twenty-Four Histories

Records of the Grand Historian
Records of the Grand Historian
(Sima Qian) Book of Han
Book of Han
(Ban Gu) Book of the Later Han
Book of the Later Han
(Fan Ye) Records of the Three Kingdoms
Records of the Three Kingdoms
(Chen Shou) Book of Jin ( Fang Xuanling
Fang Xuanling
et al.) Book of Song (Shen Yue) Book of Qi
Book of Qi
(Xiao Zixian) Book of Liang (Yao Silian) Book of Chen (Yao Silian) Book of Wei (Wei Shou) Book of Northern Qi (Li Baiyao) Book of Zhou ( Linghu Defen et al.) Book of Sui ( Wei Zheng
Wei Zheng
et al.) History of the Southern Dynasties (Li Yanshou) History of the Northern Dynasties (Li Yanshou) Old Book of Tang
Old Book of Tang
( Liu Xu et al.) New Book of Tang ( Ouyang Xiu
Ouyang Xiu
et al.) Old History of the Five Dynasties ( Xue Juzheng
Xue Juzheng
et al.) Historical Records of the Five Dynasties (Ouyang Xiu) History of Song (Toqto'a et al.) History of Liao (Toqto'a et al.) History of Jin (Toqto'a et al.) History of Yuan ( Song Lian
Song Lian
et al.) History of Ming ( Zhang Tingyu
Zhang Tingyu
et al.)

v t e

Tang dynasty
Tang dynasty
topics

History

Timeline of the Tang dynasty Transition from Sui to Tang Xuanwu Gate Incident Tang–Eastern Turks War Tang–Xueyantuo War Goguryeo–Tang War Baekje–Tang War Silla–Tang War Tang-Tibetan relations Tang–Western Turks War

oasis states Karakhoja Karasahr Kucha Conquest

Battle of Talas An Lushan Rebellion Niu–Li factional strife Sweet Dew Incident Huang Chao Rebellion

Society and culture

Art Poetry Three Hundred Tang Poems Poets Official headwear Old Book of Tang New Book of Tang Li Bai Du Fu Islam during the Tang dynasty

Government

Emperor

List Family tree

Three Departments and Six Ministries Imperial guards Administrative divisions Jimi system Jiedushi Four Garrisons of Anxi Imperial examinations Turkic generals

Military expansion

Protectorate General to Pacify the West Protectorate General to Pacify the North Protectorate General to Pacify the East Protectorate General to Pacify the South Beiting Protectorate Ungjin Commandery Gyerim Territory Area Command Tang dynasty
Tang dynasty
in Inner Asia

Science and technology

Flying cash Woodblock printing Yi Xing

Economy

Salt I

.