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Okehampton
Okehampton
(/ˌoʊkˈhæmp.tən/ also /ˈoʊ.kæmp.tən/) is a town and civil parish in West Devon
Devon
in the English county of Devon. It is situated at the northern edge of Dartmoor, and had a population of 5,922 at the 2011 census.[1] Two electoral wards are based in the town (east and west). Their joint population at the same census is 7,500.[2][3]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Feudal barony

2 Political representation 3 Military presence 4 Education 5 Sport 6 Transport 7 Nearby settlements 8 References 9 External links

History[edit] Okehampton
Okehampton
was founded by the Saxons. The earliest written record of the settlement is from 980 AD as "Ocmundtune", meaning settlement by the Ockment, a river which runs through the town. It was recorded as a place for slaves to be freed at cross roads.[4] Like many towns in the West Country, Okehampton
Okehampton
grew on the medieval wool trade.[5] Notable buildings in the town include the 15th century chapel of St. James and Okehampton
Okehampton
Castle, which was established by the Norman Sheriff of Devon, Baldwin FitzGilbert(d.1090).[6] Feudal barony[edit] Main article: Feudal barony of Okehampton

Remains of Okehampton Castle
Okehampton Castle
today

Okehampton
Okehampton
was the caput of a large feudal barony, which at the time of the Domesday Book
Domesday Book
was held by Baldwin FitzGilbert. After his death in 1090 the tenure of the barony is obscure for the next twenty years after which it was held by the heiress Maud d'Avranches until her death in 1173, which passed to her daughter, Hawise de Curci (died 1219), who married Reginald de Courtenay.[7] His French possessions were confiscated by the French King Louis VII, but were given, together with the marriage of his daughter Elizabeth de Courtenay, to his youngest brother Peter I of Courtenay. The Courtenay family rebuilt Okehampton
Okehampton
Castle, until King Henry VIII seized the lands and had Henry Courtenay, 1st Marquess of Exeter
Henry Courtenay, 1st Marquess of Exeter
executed for treason in 1539.[8] Presently, the castle is owned by English Heritage and is open to the public during the summer season. The town is also home to the Museum of Dartmoor
Dartmoor
Life, which has received notable visitors such as Prince Charles. Political representation[edit] Okehampton
Okehampton
elected two members to the Unreformed House of Commons. The Reform Act of 1832 abolished its representation as a rotten borough.

Map of Okehampton
Okehampton
from 1946

Military presence[edit] There is a substantial army training camp on Dartmoor
Dartmoor
which can be reached via Okehampton, and is commonly referred to as "Okehampton Camp". It is managed by the Defence Training Estate, and used by a variety of military units, including the Commando Training Centre Royal Marines (CTCRM), Lympstone, Devon, and many cadet training units. The Ten Tors
Ten Tors
event is run by the Army each year in early May from Okehampton
Okehampton
Camp.[9] Education[edit] Schools in the town include Okehampton
Okehampton
Primary School[10] and Okehampton
Okehampton
College. There are also a number of smaller primary schools in the surrounding areas for children within the catchment area of Okehampton
Okehampton
that include South Tawton, Hatherleigh, Chagford, North Tawton and Bridestowe. Sport[edit] The town's football team, Okehampton
Okehampton
Argyle F.C., is a non-league club which was established in 1926 after the original side, Okehampton Town, disbanded. The club competes in the South West Peninsula League which sits at Steps 6 and 7 of the National League System; four leagues below the top division of non-league football, the Football Conference.[11] The town also has a rugby club, Okehampton
Okehampton
RFC, which is believed to have been founded in 1884.[12] Transport[edit] Okehampton's location at the edge of the moor means that it has always been a route centre. After years of uncertainty, the A30 trunk road was finally re-routed in 1988 to bypass[13] the town, which had previously acted as a holiday traffic bottleneck at summer weekends. Okehampton railway station
Okehampton railway station
is on the former northerly rail route from Exeter
Exeter
to Plymouth
Plymouth
via Tavistock. The line from Exeter
Exeter
remains open for freight traffic to and from Meldon Quarry, two miles (3 km) west of Okehampton. In summer, and at weekends throughout the year, the Dartmoor
Dartmoor
Railway operates a heritage railway service between Okehampton
Okehampton
and Meldon Quarry. In 1997, Devon
Devon
County Council revived a passenger rail service from Exeter, on summer weekends only, in an attempt to reduce motor traffic to the national park. In March 2010, the freight operator Devon
Devon
& Cornwall Railways announced plans to reinstate a daily passenger service terminating in Exeter,[14] but this has yet to happen. In the wake of widespread disruption caused by damage to the mainline track at Dawlish
Dawlish
by coastal storms in February 2014, leaving Plymouth and Cornwall with no rail connection to the rest of the country, Network Rail
Network Rail
are considering reopening the Exeter-to- Plymouth
Plymouth
route via Okehampton
Okehampton
and Tavistock.[15] Okehampton
Okehampton
is served by various bus services from Exeter, Bude, Newquay
Newquay
and Tavistock. Stagecoach service 6 links from Exeter
Exeter
Bus station via Exeter
Exeter
St Davids to Okehampton
Okehampton
and then to Bude. Other services from Exeter
Exeter
Bus station include the 6A service via Exeter
Exeter
St Davids, which continues to Launceston. Nearby settlements[edit] Okehampton
Okehampton
is surrounded by many smaller villages and towns including the hamlet of Stockley. Notable examples are the villages of South Zeal with its ancient burgage plots, granite thatched cottages and Dartmoor
Dartmoor
Folk Festival; Belstone, noted for its location on the very outskirts of Dartmoor
Dartmoor
and links to Agatha Christie's The Sittaford Mystery[citation needed]; and Sticklepath
Sticklepath
which has an annual fire show on Bonfire Night, 5 November. Other nearby villages and settlements include Folly Gate, Northlew, Jacobstowe, Bridestowe
Bridestowe
and Sourton. References[edit]

^ Devon
Devon
County Council: Okehampton
Okehampton
Area Definition. devon.gov.uk. Retrieved on 1 August 2017. ^ " Okehampton
Okehampton
West ward 2011". Retrieved 17 February 2015.  ^ " Okehampton
Okehampton
East ward 2011". Retrieved 17 February 2015.  ^ Okehampton
Okehampton
Town Council. Okehampton.gov.uk. Retrieved on 5 March 2011. ^ The medieval wool trade. World Timelines. Retrieved on 5 March 2011. ^ Some Descendants of the BRIONNE Family Related to George Washington 1st US President. Washington.ancestryregister.com. Retrieved on 5 March 2011. ^ Sanders, I.J., English Baronies, Oxford, 1960, pp.69-70, Okehampton[ISBN missing] ^ Historic England. "OKEHAMPTON CASTLE (440855)". PastScape. Retrieved 5 March 2011.  ^ Ten Tors
Ten Tors
2011. Events.exeter.ac.uk. Retrieved on 5 March 2011. ^ http://www.okehampton-pri.devon.sch.uk/ ^ Okehampton
Okehampton
Argyle Okehampton
Okehampton
Argyle ^ Okehampton RFC
Okehampton RFC
Google ^ "DNP fact sheet on the Okehampton
Okehampton
Bypass". Dartmoor
Dartmoor
National Park Authority. Archived from the original on 30 September 2015. Retrieved 29 September 2015.  ^ Joint, Laura. (29 March 2010) BBC – Okehampton
Okehampton
to Exeter
Exeter
railway line back on track. BBC News. Retrieved on 5 March 2011. ^ " Network Rail
Network Rail
chooses Dawlish
Dawlish
alternative route". BBC News. 10 February 2014. Retrieved 10 February 2014. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Okehampton.

Okehampton
Okehampton
Town Council Okehampton
Okehampton
at Curlie (based on DMOZ)

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Ceremonial county of Devon

Devon
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Portal

Unitary authorities

Plymouth Torbay

Boroughs or districts

Exeter East Devon Mid Devon North Devon Torridge West Devon South Hams Teignbridge

Major settlements

Ashburton Axminster Bampton Barnstaple Bideford Bovey Tracey Bradninch Brixham Buckfastleigh Budleigh Salterton Chagford Chudleigh Chulmleigh Crediton Cullompton Dartmouth Dawlish Exeter Exmouth Great Torrington Hartland Hatherleigh Holsworthy Honiton Ilfracombe Ivybridge Kingsbridge Kingsteignton Lynton Modbury Moretonhampstead Newton Abbot North Tawton Northam Okehampton Ottery St Mary Paignton Plymouth Plympton Salcombe Seaton Sidmouth South Molton Tavistock Teignmouth Tiverton Topsham Torquay Totnes See also: List of civil parishes in Devon

Rivers

Ashburn Avon Axe Barle Bovey Bray Burn Clyst Creedy Culm Dart East Dart West Dart Erme Exe Heddon Lemon Lew Lumburn Lyd East Lyn West Lyn Meavy Mole Okement East Okement West Okement Otter Plym Sid Swincombe Tamar Tavy Taw Teign Thrushel Torridge Walkham Wallabrooke East Webburn West Webburn Wolf Yealm

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Settlements of Dartmoor, Devon

Ashburton Belstone Bovey Tracey Brentor Bridestowe Buckfastleigh Buckland-in-the-Moor Chagford Drewsteignton Gidleigh Haytor Hexworthy Holne Ilsington Ivybridge Lustleigh Lydford Manaton Mary Tavy Moretonhampstead North Bovey Okehampton Peter Tavy Ponsworthy Postbridge Poundsgate Princetown Shaugh Prior Sheepstor Sourton South Brent South Tawton South Zeal Sticklepath Tavistock Walkhampton Widecombe-in-the-Moor Yelverton

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 149004

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