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OKEHAMPTON (/ˌoʊkˈhæmp.tən/ also /ˈoʊ.kæmp.tən/ ) is a town and civil parish in West Devon
Devon
in the English county of Devon
Devon
. It is situated at the northern edge of Dartmoor
Dartmoor
, and had a population of 5,922 at the 2011 census. Two electoral wards are based in the town (east and west). Their joint population at the same census is 7,500.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Feudal barony

* 2 Political representation * 3 Military presence * 4 Education * 5 Sport * 6 Transport * 7 Nearby settlements * 8 References * 9 External links

HISTORY

Okehampton
Okehampton
was founded by the Saxons
Saxons
. The earliest written record of the settlement is from 980 AD as "Ocmundtune", meaning settlement by the Ockment, a river which runs through the town. It was recorded as a place for slaves to be freed at cross roads.

Like many towns in the West Country
West Country
, Okehampton
Okehampton
grew on the medieval wool trade. Notable buildings in the town include the 15th century chapel of St. James and Okehampton Castle , which was established by the Norman Sheriff of Devon
Devon
, Baldwin FitzGilbert(d.1090).

FEUDAL BARONY

Main article: Feudal barony of Okehampton Remains of Okehampton Castle today

Okehampton
Okehampton
was the caput of a large feudal barony , which at the time of the Domesday Book
Domesday Book
was held by Baldwin FitzGilbert. After his death in 1090 the tenure of the barony is obscure for the next twenty years after which it was held by the heiress Maud d'Avranches until her death in 1173, which passed to her daughter, Hawise de Curci (died 1219), who married Reginald de Courtenay . His French possessions were confiscated by the French King Louis VII , but were given, together with the marriage of his daughter Elizabeth de Courtenay, to his youngest brother Peter I of Courtenay . The Courtenay family rebuilt Okehampton
Okehampton
Castle, until King Henry VIII seized the lands and had Henry Courtenay, 1st Marquess of Exeter
Henry Courtenay, 1st Marquess of Exeter
executed for treason in 1539. Presently, the castle is owned by English Heritage and is open to the public during the summer season. The town is also home to the Museum of Dartmoor
Dartmoor
Life , which has received notable visitors such as Prince Charles
Prince Charles
.

POLITICAL REPRESENTATION

Okehampton
Okehampton
elected two members to the Unreformed House of Commons
Unreformed House of Commons
. The Reform Act of 1832 abolished its representation as a rotten borough . Map of Okehampton
Okehampton
from 1946

MILITARY PRESENCE

There is a substantial army training camp on Dartmoor
Dartmoor
which can be reached via Okehampton, and is commonly referred to as "Okehampton Camp". It is managed by the Defence Training Estate , and used by a variety of military units, including the Commando Training Centre Royal Marines (CTCRM), Lympstone
Lympstone
, Devon, and many cadet training units. The Ten Tors
Ten Tors
event is run by the Army each year in early May from Okehampton
Okehampton
Camp.

EDUCATION

Schools in the town include Okehampton
Okehampton
Primary School and Okehampton College . There are also a number of smaller primary schools in the surrounding areas for children within the catchment area of Okehampton that include South Tawton , Hatherleigh , Chagford
Chagford
, North Tawton
North Tawton
and Bridestowe .

SPORT

The town's football team, Okehampton
Okehampton
Argyle F.C. , is a non-league club which was established in 1926 after the original side, Okehampton Town, disbanded. The club competes in the South West Peninsula League which sits at Steps 6 and 7 of the National League System ; four leagues below the top division of non-league football, the Football Conference . The town also has a rugby club, Okehampton RFC , which is believed to have been founded in 1884.

TRANSPORT

A mural of Dartmoor
Dartmoor
on the side of an Okehampton
Okehampton
building

Okehampton's location at the edge of the moor means that it has always been a route centre. After years of uncertainty, the A30 trunk road was finally re-routed in 1988 to bypass the town, which had previously acted as a holiday traffic bottleneck at summer weekends. Okehampton railway station is on the former northerly rail route from Exeter
Exeter
to Plymouth
Plymouth
via Tavistock
Tavistock
. The line from Exeter
Exeter
remains open for freight traffic to and from Meldon Quarry , two miles (3 km) west of Okehampton. In summer, and at weekends throughout the year, the Dartmoor
Dartmoor
Railway operates a heritage railway service between Okehampton
Okehampton
and Meldon Quarry.

In 1997, Devon
Devon
County Council revived a passenger rail service from Exeter, on summer weekends only, in an attempt to reduce motor traffic to the national park . In March 2010, the freight operator Devon Belstone , noted for its location on the very outskirts of Dartmoor and links to Agatha Christie's The Sittaford Mystery ; and Sticklepath which has an annual fire show on Bonfire Night, 5 November. Other nearby villages and settlements include Folly Gate, Northlew , Jacobstowe , Bridestowe and Sourton .

REFERENCES

* ^ Devon
Devon
County Council: Okehampton
Okehampton
Area Definition. devon.gov.uk. Retrieved on 1 August 2017. * ^ " Okehampton
Okehampton
West ward 2011". Retrieved 17 February 2015. * ^ " Okehampton
Okehampton
East ward 2011". Retrieved 17 February 2015. * ^ Okehampton
Okehampton
Town Council. Okehampton.gov.uk. Retrieved on 5 March 2011. * ^ The medieval wool trade. World Timelines. Retrieved on 5 March 2011. * ^ Some Descendants of the BRIONNE Family Related to George Washington 1st US President. Washington.ancestryregister.com. Retrieved on 5 March 2011. * ^ Sanders, I.J., English Baronies, Oxford, 1960, pp.69-70, Okehampton * ^ Historic England
England
. "OKEHAMPTON CASTLE (440855)". PastScape. Retrieved 5 March 2011. * ^ Ten Tors
Ten Tors
2011. Events.exeter.ac.uk. Retrieved on 5 March 2011. * ^ http://www.okehampton-pri.devon.sch.uk/ * ^ Okehampton
Okehampton
Argyle Okehampton
Okehampton
Argyle * ^