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Okazaki (岡崎市, Okazaki-shi) is a city located in Aichi Prefecture, Japan. In 2010, the city had an estimated population of 372,357 and a population density of 991.88 persons per km2. The total area was 387.20 km2 (149.50 sq mi).

Contents

1 Geography

1.1 Surrounding municipalities

2 History 3 Demographics

3.1 Language

4 Transportation

4.1 Railway 4.2 Expressways 4.3 Japan
Japan
National Route

5 Education

5.1 Universities and colleges 5.2 Primary and secondary schools

6 Local attractions

6.1 Okazaki Castle 6.2 Fireworks 6.3 Hatchō miso 6.4 Takisan

7 Twin towns/sister cities 8 Noted people from Okazaki 9 References 10 External links

Geography[edit] Okazaki is in the coastal plains of southeastern Aichi Prefecture. The ground rises to undulating hills in the former Nukata area to the northeast. About 60 percent of the city area is forested and remains sparsely populated.[citation needed] Okazaki is about 250 miles (400 km) from Tokyo, to the southwest.[1] Surrounding municipalities[edit]

Aichi Prefecture

Toyokawa Shinshiro Toyota Nishio Kōta Anjō Gamagōri

History[edit] The area around present-day Okazaki has been inhabited for many thousands of years. Archaeologists have found remains from the Japanese Paleolithic
Japanese Paleolithic
period. Numerous remains from the Jōmon period, and especially from the Yayoi and Kofun
Kofun
periods, have been found, including many kofun burial mounds. During the Sengoku period, the area was controlled by the Matsudaira clan, a branch of which later rose to prominence as the Tokugawa clan, who ruled Japan
Japan
during the Edo
Edo
period. During this time, Okazaki Domain, a feudal han was established to rule the immediate area around Okazaki and was entrusted to a daimyō. Several smaller domains were in the present-day city limits, including Fukozu (later Mikawa-Nakajima), Okudono Domain
Okudono Domain
and Nishi-Ohira Domain. The town prospered as a post station on the Tōkaidō connecting Edo
Edo
with Kyoto. Following the Meiji Restoration, the modern town of Okazaki was established on October 1, 1889 in Nukata District
Nukata District
of Aichi Prefecture. On October 1, 1914, Okazaki annexed neighboring Hirohata Town. Okazaki was proclaimed a city on July 1, 1916. The city suffered damage in both the 1944 Tōnankai earthquake
1944 Tōnankai earthquake
(which killed 9 people) and the 1945 Mikawa earthquake
1945 Mikawa earthquake
(which killed 29 people). During World War II, the July 19, 1945 Bombing of Okazaki killed over 200 people and destroyed most of the city center. Although Okazaki was the location of an Imperial Japanese Navy
Imperial Japanese Navy
air field, military installations were not damaged in the attack. In 1955, through a series of mergers and consolidations, the area of Okazaki expanded considerably. The former towns of Iwazu, Fukuoka, and Yahagi, and the villages of Honjuku, Yamanaka, Kawai, Fujikawa and Ryugai were all merged into Okazaki. The 1959 Isewan Typhoon caused considerable damage, and killed 27 residents. On October 15, 1962, Okazaki annexed the neighboring town of Mutsumi. Okazaki was proclaimed a core city on April 1, 2003 with increased autonomy from the prefectural government. On January 1, 2006, the town of Nukata (from Nukata District) was merged into Okazaki. Demographics[edit] As of May 1, 2006, the city government estimated the population at 368,201. The city is relatively young, with 139,233 households (2.64 residents per household). The population comprises 185,651 males and 182,550 females, reflecting the number of young men who move to Okazaki to work in the manufacturing sector. This fast population growth reflects the low unemployment rate, as well as affordable housing close to Nagoya. In April 2006 there were 263 births and 199 deaths, for a natural increase of 64 people. While for the same month 2,197 people moved into Okazaki, and 1,910 left, for a net increase of 287 people. Of the total population, 10,760 are foreign nationals (2.92% of total, compared with the nationwide average of 1.55%). There are 5,427 foreign males, and 5,333 foreign females. Including those registered as stateless, the foreign population comes from 71 nationalities, though more than half are from Brazil. As of April 2006, there were 5,573 registered Brazilians (3,042 males, 2,531 females), comprising 51.79% of the foreign population. Other significant foreign communities include Koreans (17.43%), Chinese (10.89%) and Filipinos (8.88%). There are very few Westerners in general (less than 3%). The number of registered foreigners from countries where the majority of citizens are native English speakers is less than 200. Language[edit] While the local Mikawa dialect
Mikawa dialect
is considered to be generally indistinguishable from what is considered modern standard Japanese, there are subtle and distinctive differences. Mikawa dialect
Mikawa dialect
has, on the other hand, substantial differences when compared to the dialect of Nagoya
Nagoya
and western areas of Aichi, where the Nagoya
Nagoya
dialect (also known as Owari-ben, Owari being the traditional name for the Nagoya region) is the traditional dialect. Cognitively Mikawa-ben and modern contemporary Japanese are extremely close, in part due to the influence of the Tokugawa Shogunate
Tokugawa Shogunate
and accidents of history. In recent decades the large number of people moving into Okazaki and the surrounding cities (particularly to work in the motor vehicle industry) and mass media have influenced the local dialect, with the result that in day-to-day life more people are using only standard Japanese. Transportation[edit] Railway[edit] The Tōkaidō Shinkansen passes through Okazaki city limits but does not stop. The nearest Shinkansen stations are Toyohashi, Mikawa-Anjō and Nagoya.

JR Central – Tōkaidō Main Line

Okazaki  • Nishi-Okazaki

Meitetsu
Meitetsu
Nagoya
Nagoya
Line

Motojuku • Meiden-Yamanaka  • Fujikawa  • Miai  • Otogawa  • Higashi-Okazaki  • Okazakikōen-mae  • Yahagibashi  • Utō

Aichi Loop Line
Aichi Loop Line
Co Ltd - Aichi Loop Line

Okazaki  • Mutsuna  • Naka-Okazaki  • Kita-Okazaki  • Daimon  • Kitano-Masuzuka

Expressways[edit]

Highways

Tōmei Expressway(Asian Highway Network AH1) Shin-Tōmei Expressway

Japan
Japan
National Route[edit]

Japan
Japan
National Route 1 Japan
Japan
National Route 248 Japan
Japan
National Route 301 Japan
Japan
National Route 473

Higashi-Okazaki Station

Okazaki Station

Okazaki SA

Okazaki Japan
Japan
National Route 1

Education[edit]

Aichi Sangyo University

Universities and colleges[edit]

National Institutes of Natural Sciences National Institute for Physiological Sciences National Institute for Basic Biology Aichi Gakusen University Aichi Gakusen College Aichi Sangyo University University of Human Environments Okazaki Women's Junior College Yamasa Institute

Primary and secondary schools[edit] Okazaki has 48 elementary schools, 21 public and one private middle school, and seven public and four private high schools. Okazaki has five special education schools. The city formerly housed the Escola São Paulo, a Brazilian international school.[2] Local attractions[edit] Okazaki Castle[edit] Okazaki Castle
Okazaki Castle
was originally built in 1455. Captured by the Matsudaira clan
Matsudaira clan
in 1524 (and probably relocated from the other side of the river), the castle remains associated with Tokugawa Ieyasu, even though the latter transferred to Edo
Edo
in 1590. During the Edo period
Edo period
it served as the seat of the Okazaki Domain
Okazaki Domain
and dominated the city until the Meiji Restoration. Fireworks[edit] Okazaki is famous for its fireworks. The Tokugawa Shogunate
Tokugawa Shogunate
restricted production of gunpowder outside of the immediate region of Okazaki (with few exceptions). Even today, more than 70% of Japan's fireworks are designed and manufactured here. A large fireworks festival, which people from all over Japan
Japan
come to see, is held annually on the first Saturday in August in the area surrounding Okazaki Castle. Hatchō miso[edit] Hatchō miso is a dark miso paste made using a process of steaming soybeans (instead of boiling) followed by maturation in cedar barrels under the weight of 3 tons of carefully stacked river stones for at least 2 years. Located 8 chō (hatchō, or approximately 900m) west of Okazaki Castle
Okazaki Castle
near the Yahagi river, there are two 8-cho miso companies — Maruya from 1337[3] and Kakukyu.[4] The old tiled buildings are heritage listed and Kaku has been a family business for 18 generations. It is one of the most famous miso producers in Japan, supplying the Emperor by appointment, and popular as a health food. The 2006 NHK morning drama serial, Junjo Kirari (Sparkling Innocence) was largely filmed in and around the Hatchō miso grounds. Tours are available every 30 minutes and free samples are provided. Hatchō miso's health properties are so great[citation needed] that it was donated to Chernobyl's citizens following the disaster, to help prevent and treat radiation sickness. Takisan[edit] The temple of Takisan-ji (7th century) includes several Important Cultural Properties of Japan. The main hall is from the Kamakura period and is the location of a fire festival held each February on the closest Saturday to the lunar calendar New Year. The distinctive Sanmon
Sanmon
gate and the main image are designated as important cultural properties. Adjoining the temple is Takisan Tōshō-gū, a Shinto Shrine built in 1646 by Tokugawa Iemitsu.

Okazaki Castle

Hatcho miso kakukyu

Oni Matsuri (Takisan-ji)

Daiju-ji

Iga-Hachimangū

Takisan-ji

Rokusho-jinja

Zuinen-ji

Ten'on-ji

Shinpuku-ji

Twin towns/sister cities[edit]

Newport Beach, California, United States,[5] Since November 1984 Uddevalla, Sweden,[6] since September 1968 Hohhot, People's Republic of China,[6] since August 1987

Noted people from Okazaki[edit]

Yuki Fukaya – professional soccer player Naoko Fukazu – professional women’s table tennis player Sei Hiraizumi – actor Kotaro Honda
Kotaro Honda
– scientist, metallurgist Yuko Kawai – pianist Motoo Kimura – biologist Takashi Kondō – voice actor Takeshi Nagata – geophysicist Immi – musician Kotomitsuki Keiji
Kotomitsuki Keiji
– sumo wrestler Ryo Miyaichi
Ryo Miyaichi
– professional soccer player Daisuke Nakajima
Daisuke Nakajima
– race car driver Satoru Nakajima
Satoru Nakajima
– race car driver Kazuki Nakajima
Kazuki Nakajima
– race car driver Masamitsu Naito – politician Hitoshi Ogawa – race car driver Takahiro Sakurai
Takahiro Sakurai
– voice actor Yasuo Segawa – illustrator Shiga Shigetaka
Shiga Shigetaka
– geographer Seiken Sugiura – politician Nozomi Takeuchi – gravure idol Yumiko Tsuzuki – professional women’s volleyball player Hiromasa Yamamoto – professional soccer player

References[edit]

^ "Keita Takenami Kentucky new home for Toyota official" (Archive). Cincinnati Enquirer. Sunday January 12, 1997. Retrieved on August 15, 2014. ^ " Escolas Brasileiras Homologadas no Japão" (Archive). Embassy of Brazil in Tokyo. February 7, 2008. Retrieved on October 13, 2015. ^ http://www.8miso.co.jp/english.html Maruya ^ http://www.kakukyu.jp/global/english.asp Kakukyu ^ "US- Japan
Japan
Sister Cities by State". Asia Matters for America. Honolulu, HI: East-West Center. Retrieved 20 November 2015.  ^ a b "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Retrieved 21 November 2015. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Okazaki, Aichi.

Official website (in Japanese) (with link to English pages) Okazaki International Association website Okazaki City Guide website (English and German) National Institutes of Natural Sciences Aichi Gakusen University (Japanese) Aichi Gakusen College (Japanese) Aichi Sangyo University
Aichi Sangyo University
(Japanese) University of Human Environments Okazaki Women's Junior College (Japanese)

v t e

Aichi Prefecture

Nagoya
Nagoya
(capital)

Wards of Nagoya

Atsuta Chikusa Higashi Kita Meitō Midori Minami Minato Mizuho Moriyama Naka Nakagawa Nakamura Nishi Shōwa Tempaku

Core cities

Okazaki Toyohashi Toyota

Special
Special
cities

Ichinomiya Kasugai

Cities

Aisai Ama Anjō Chiryū Chita Gamagōri Handa Hekinan Inazawa Inuyama Iwakura Kariya Kitanagoya Kiyosu Komaki Kōnan Miyoshi Nagakute Nishio Nisshin Ōbu Owariasahi Seto Shinshiro Tahara Takahama Tokoname Tōkai Toyoake Toyokawa Tsushima Yatomi

Aichi District

Tōgō

Ama District

Kanie Ōharu Tobishima

Chita District

Agui Higashiura Mihama Minamichita Taketoyo

Kitashitara District

Shitara Tōei Toyone

Nishikasugai District

Toyoyama

Niwa District

Fusō Ōguchi

Nukata District

Kōta

List of mergers in Aichi Prefecture

v t e

Metropolitan cities of Japan

Tokyo
Tokyo
Metropolis

Special
Special
wards of Tokyo※ (Adachi Arakawa Bunkyo Chiyoda Chūō Edogawa Itabashi Katsushika Kita Koto Meguro Minato Nakano Nerima Ōta Setagaya Shibuya Shinagawa Shinjuku Suginami Sumida Toshima Taitō)

Designated cities

Chiba※ Fukuoka※ Hamamatsu Hiroshima※ Kawasaki Kitakyushu Kobe※ Kumamoto※ Kyoto※ Nagoya※ Niigata※ Okayama※ Osaka※ Sagamihara Saitama※ Sakai Sapporo※ Sendai※ Shizuoka※ Yokohama※

Core cities

Akita※ Amagasaki Aomori※ Asahikawa Fukuyama Funabashi Gifu※ Hachinohe Hachiōji Hakodate Higashiōsaka Himeji Hirakata Iwaki Kagoshima※ Kanazawa※ Kashiwa Kawagoe Kōchi※ Kōriyama Koshigaya Kurashiki Kure Kurume Maebashi※ Matsuyama※ Miyazaki※ Morioka※ Naha Nagano※ Nagasaki※ Nara※ Nishinomiya Ōita※ Okazaki Ōtsu※ Sasebo Shimonoseki Takamatsu※ Takasaki Takatsuki Toyama※ Toyohashi Toyonaka Toyota Utsunomiya※ Wakayama※ Yokosuka

Special
Special
cities

Akashi Atsugi Chigasaki Fuji Fukui※ Hiratsuka Ibaraki Ichinomiya Isesaki Jōetsu Kakogawa Kasugai Kasukabe Kawaguchi Kishiwada Kōfu※ Kumagaya Matsue※ Matsumoto Mito※ Nagaoka Neyagawa Numazu Odawara Ōta Saga※ Sōka Suita Takarazuka Tokorozawa Tottori※ Tsukuba Yamagata※ Yamato Yao Yokkaichi

Prefectural capitals

Fukushima Tsu Tokushima Yamaguchi

Note: ※ also a prefectural capital

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 240065679 ISNI: 0000 0004 0402 1802 GND: 43526

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