OKAZAKI (岡崎市, Okazaki-shi) is a city located in Aichi
In 2010, the city had an estimated population of 372,357 and a population density of 991.88 persons per km2. The total area was 387.20 km2 (149.50 sq mi).
* 1 Geography
* 1.1 Surrounding municipalities
* 2 History
* 3 Demographics
* 3.1 Language
* 4 Transportation
* 4.1 Railway
* 4.2 Expressways
* 5 Education
* 5.1 Universities and colleges * 5.2 Primary and secondary schools
* 6 Local attractions
* 7 Twin towns/sister cities * 8 Noted people from Okazaki * 9 References * 10 External links
Okazaki is in the coastal plains of southeastern Aichi Prefecture. The ground rises to undulating hills in the former Nukata area to the northeast. About 60 percent of the city area is forested and remains sparsely populated.
Okazaki is about 250 miles (400 km) from Tokyo, to the southwest.
* Toyokawa * Shinshiro * Toyota * Nishio * Kōta * Anjō * Gamagōri
The area around present-day Okazaki has been inhabited for many thousands of years. Archaeologists have found remains from the Japanese Paleolithic period. Numerous remains from the Jomon period , and especially from the Yayoi and Kofun periods , have been found, including many kofun burial mounds.
Sengoku period , the area was controlled by the Matsudaira
clan , a branch of which later rose to prominence as the Tokugawa clan
, who ruled
Following the Meiji Restoration , the modern town of Okazaki was established on October 1, 1889 in Nukata District of Aichi Prefecture . On October 1, 1914, Okazaki annexed neighboring Hirohata Town. Okazaki was proclaimed a city on July 1, 1916.
The city suffered damage in both the
1944 Tōnankai earthquake (which
killed 9 people) and the
1945 Mikawa earthquake (which killed 29
World War II
In 1955, through a series of mergers and consolidations, the area of Okazaki expanded considerably. The former towns of Iwazu, Fukuoka, and Yahagi, and the villages of Honjuku, Yamanaka, Kawai, Fujikawa and Ryugai were all merged into Okazaki. The 1959 Isewan Typhoon caused considerable damage, and killed 27 residents. On October 15, 1962, Okazaki annexed the neighboring town of Mutsumi.
Okazaki was proclaimed a core city on April 1, 2003 with increased autonomy from the prefectural government. On January 1, 2006, the town of Nukata (from Nukata District ) was merged into Okazaki.
As of May 1, 2006, the city government estimated the population at 368,201. The city is relatively young, with 139,233 households (2.64 residents per household). The population comprises 185,651 males and 182,550 females, reflecting the number of young men who move to Okazaki to work in the manufacturing sector. This fast population growth reflects the low unemployment rate, as well as affordable housing close to Nagoya. In April 2006 there were 263 births and 199 deaths, for a natural increase of 64 people. While for the same month 2,197 people moved into Okazaki, and 1,910 left, for a net increase of 287 people.
Of the total population, 10,760 are foreign nationals (2.92% of total, compared with the nationwide average of 1.55%). There are 5,427 foreign males, and 5,333 foreign females. Including those registered as stateless, the foreign population comes from 71 nationalities, though more than half are from Brazil . As of April 2006, there were 5,573 registered Brazilians (3,042 males, 2,531 females), comprising 51.79% of the foreign population. Other significant foreign communities include Koreans (17.43%), Chinese (10.89%) and Filipinos (8.88%). There are very few Westerners in general (less than 3%). The number of registered foreigners from countries where the majority of citizens are native English speakers is less than 200.
While the local
The Tōkaidō Shinkansen passes through Okazaki city limits but does
not stop. The nearest Shinkansen stations are Toyohashi , Mikawa-Anjō
* JR Central –
Tōkaidō Main Line
* Okazaki • Nishi-Okazaki
* Motojuku • Meiden-Yamanaka • Fujikawa • Miai • Otogawa • Higashi-Okazaki • Okazakikōen-mae • Yahagibashi • Utō
* Okazaki • Mutsuna • Naka-Okazaki • Kita-Okazaki • Daimon • Kitano-Masuzuka
JAPAN NATIONAL ROUTE
Okazaki SA *
UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES
National Institutes of Natural Sciences
* National Institute for Physiological Sciences
* National Institute for Basic Biology
Aichi Gakusen University
Aichi Gakusen College
Aichi Sangyo University
PRIMARY AND SECONDARY SCHOOLS
Okazaki has 48 elementary schools, 21 public and one private middle school, and seven public and four private high schools. Okazaki has five special education schools.
The city formerly housed the Escola São Paulo , a Brazilian international school.
Okazaki Castle was originally built in 1455. Captured by the
Matsudaira clan in 1524 (and probably relocated from the other side of
the river), the castle remains associated with
Okazaki is famous for its fireworks . The Tokugawa Shogunate
restricted production of gunpowder outside of the immediate region of
Okazaki (with few exceptions). Even today, more than 70% of Japan's
fireworks are designed and manufactured here. A large fireworks
festival, which people from all over
Hatchō miso is a dark miso paste made using a process of steaming soybeans (instead of boiling) followed by maturation in cedar barrels under the weight of 3 tons of carefully stacked river stones for at least 2 years. Located 8 chō (hatchō, or approximately 900m) west of Okazaki Castle near the Yahagi river, there are two 8-cho miso companies — Maruya from 1337 and Kakukyu.
The old tiled buildings are heritage listed and Kaku has been a
family business for 18 generations. It is one of the most famous miso
producers in Japan, supplying the Emperor by appointment, and popular
as a health food. The 2006 NHK morning drama serial , Junjo Kirari
(Sparkling Innocence) was largely filmed in and around the Hatchō
miso grounds. Tours are available every 30 minutes and free samples
are provided. Hatchō miso's health properties are so great that it
was donated to
The temple of Takisan-ji (7th century) includes several Important
Cultural Properties of
Hatcho miso kakukyu *
Oni Matsuri (Takisan-ji) *
TWIN TOWNS/SISTER CITIES
NOTED PEOPLE FROM OKAZAKI
Yuki Fukaya – professional soccer player
Naoko Fukazu – professional women’s table tennis player
Sei Hiraizumi – actor
* ^ "Keita Takenami Kentucky new home for Toyota official"
Cincinnati Enquirer . Sunday January 12, 1997. Retrieved on
August 15, 2014.
* ^ " Escolas Brasileiras Homologadas no Japão" (Archive). Embassy
of Brazil in Tokyo. February 7, 2008. Retrieved on October 13, 2015.
* ^ http://www.8miso.co.jp/english.html Maruya
* ^ http://www.kakukyu.jp/global/english.asp Kakukyu
* ^ "US-
Wikimedia Commons has media related to OKAZAKI, AICHI .
* Official website (in Japanese) (w