HOME
The Info List - Ohio



--- Advertisement ---


(i) (i) (i) (i) (i) (i) (i) (i) (i) (i) (i)

OHIO /oʊˈhaɪ.oʊ/ ( listen ) is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States
United States
. Ohio
Ohio
is the 34th largest by area , the 7th most populous , and the 10th most densely populated of the 50 United States
United States
. The state's capital and largest city is Columbus .

The state takes its name from the Ohio River
Ohio River
. The name originated from the Iroquois
Iroquois
word _ohi-yo'_, meaning "great river" or "large creek". Partitioned from the Northwest Territory
Northwest Territory
, the state was admitted to the Union as the 17th state (and the first under the Northwest Ordinance
Northwest Ordinance
) on March 1, 1803. Ohio
Ohio
is historically known as the "Buckeye State" after its Ohio buckeye
Ohio buckeye
trees , and Ohioans are also known as "Buckeyes".

The government of Ohio
Ohio
is composed of the executive branch, led by the Governor ; the legislative branch, which comprises the Ohio General Assembly ; and the judicial branch, which is led by the state Supreme Court . Ohio
Ohio
occupies 16 seats in the United States
United States
House of Representatives . Ohio
Ohio
is known for its status as both a swing state and a bellwether in national elections. Six Presidents of the United States
United States
have been elected who had Ohio
Ohio
as their home state .

CONTENTS

* 1 Geography

* 1.1 Climate

* 1.1.1 Records

* 1.2 Earthquakes

* 2 Major cities

* 3 History

* 3.1 Native Americans
Americans
* 3.2 Colonial and Revolutionary eras * 3.3 Northwest Territory: 1787–1803 * 3.4 Statehood: 1803–present

* 4 Demographics

* 4.1 Population * 4.2 Birth data * 4.3 Ancestry * 4.4 Languages * 4.5 Religion

* 5 Economy

* 6 Transportation

* 6.1 Ground travel * 6.2 Air travel * 6.3 Transportation lists

* 7 Law and government

* 7.1 Executive branch * 7.2 Judicial branch * 7.3 Legislative branch * 7.4 National politics

* 8 Education

* 8.1 Colleges and universities * 8.2 Libraries

* 9 Sports

* 9.1 Professional sports leagues * 9.2 Individual sports * 9.3 College football (NCAA DI-A)

* 10 State symbols * 11 See also * 12 Notes * 13 References * 14 External links

GEOGRAPHY

Further information: List of Ohio counties, List of cities in Ohio, List of villages in Ohio, List of Ohio townships, Ohio
Ohio
public lands , and List of lakes in Ohio

Ohio's geographic location has proven to be an asset for economic growth and expansion. Because Ohio
Ohio
links the Northeast to the Midwest, much cargo and business traffic passes through its borders along its well-developed highways. Ohio
Ohio
has the nation's 10th largest highway network, and is within a one-day drive of 50% of North America's population and 70% of North America's manufacturing capacity. To the north, Lake Erie
Lake Erie
gives Ohio
Ohio
312 miles (502 km) of coastline, which allows for numerous cargo ports. Ohio's southern border is defined by the Ohio River
Ohio River
(with the border being at the 1792 low-water mark on the north side of the river), and much of the northern border is defined by Lake Erie. Ohio's neighbors are Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
to the east, Michigan
Michigan
to the northwest, Ontario
Ontario
Canada, to the north, Indiana
Indiana
to the west, Kentucky
Kentucky
on the south, and West Virginia
West Virginia
on the southeast. Ohio's borders were defined by metes and bounds in the Enabling Act of 1802 as follows:

Bounded on the east by the Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
line, on the south by the Ohio
Ohio
River, to the mouth of the Great Miami River, on the west by the line drawn due north from the mouth of the Great Miami aforesaid, and on the north by an east and west line drawn through the southerly extreme of Lake Michigan
Michigan
, running east after intersecting the due north line aforesaid, from the mouth of the Great Miami until it shall intersect Lake Erie
Lake Erie
or the territorial line, and thence with the same through Lake Erie
Lake Erie
to the Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
line aforesaid. The Ohio coast of Lake Erie
Lake Erie
.

Ohio
Ohio
is bounded by the Ohio
Ohio
River, but nearly all of the river itself belongs to Kentucky
Kentucky
and West Virginia. In 1980, the U.S. Supreme Court held that, based on the wording of the cessation of territory by Virginia
Virginia
(which at that time included what is now Kentucky
Kentucky
and West Virginia), the boundary between Ohio
Ohio
and Kentucky
Kentucky
(and, by implication, West Virginia) is the northern low-water mark of the river as it existed in 1792. Ohio
Ohio
has only that portion of the river between the river's 1792 low-water mark and the present high-water mark.

The border with Michigan
Michigan
has also changed, as a result of the Toledo War , to angle slightly northeast to the north shore of the mouth of the Maumee River.

Much of Ohio
Ohio
features glaciated till plains , with an exceptionally flat area in the northwest being known as the Great Black Swamp. This glaciated region in the northwest and central state is bordered to the east and southeast first by a belt known as the glaciated Allegheny Plateau , and then by another belt known as the unglaciated Allegheny Plateau . Most of Ohio
Ohio
is of low relief, but the unglaciated Allegheny Plateau features rugged hills and forests . Physical geography of Ohio.

The rugged southeastern quadrant of Ohio, stretching in an outward bow-like arc along the Ohio River
Ohio River
from the West Virginia
West Virginia
Panhandle to the outskirts of Cincinnati, forms a distinct socio-economic unit. Geologically similar to parts of West Virginia
West Virginia
and southwestern Pennsylvania, this area's coal mining legacy, dependence on small pockets of old manufacturing establishments, and distinctive regional dialect set this section off from the rest of the state. In 1965 the United States
United States
Congress passed the Appalachian Regional Development Act, at attempt to "address the persistent poverty and growing economic despair of the Appalachian Region." This act defines 29 Ohio counties as part of Appalachia. While 1/3 of Ohio's land mass is part of the federally defined Appalachian region, only 12.8% of Ohioans live there (1.476 million people.) Map of Ohio.

Significant rivers within the state include the Cuyahoga River, Great Miami River, Maumee River, Muskingum River, and Scioto River . The rivers in the northern part of the state drain into the northern Atlantic Ocean via Lake Erie
Lake Erie
and the St. Lawrence River, and the rivers in the southern part of the state drain into the Gulf of Mexico via the Ohio River
Ohio River
and then the Mississippi
Mississippi
.

The worst weather disaster in Ohio
Ohio
history occurred along the Great Miami River in 1913. Known as the Great Dayton Flood, the entire Miami River watershed flooded, including the downtown business district of Dayton . As a result, the Miami Conservancy Districtwas created as the first major flood plain engineering project in Ohio
Ohio
and the United States.

Grand Lake St. Marys
Grand Lake St. Marys
in the west central part of the state was constructed as a supply of water for canals in the canal-building era of 1820–1850. For many years this body of water, over 20 square miles (52 km2), was the largest artificial lake in the world. It should be noted that Ohio\'s canal-building projects were not the economic fiasco that similar efforts were in other states. Some cities, such as Dayton, owe their industrial emergence to location on canals, and as late as 1910 interior canals carried much of the bulk freight of the state.

CLIMATE

Köppen climate types in Ohio
Ohio

The climate of Ohio
Ohio
is a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification _Dfa/Dfb_) throughout most of the state except in the extreme southern counties of Ohio's Bluegrass regionsection which are located on the northern periphery of the humid subtropical climate (_Cfa_) and Upland South
Upland South
region of the United States. Summers are typically hot and humid throughout the state, while winters generally range from cool to cold. Precipitation in Ohio
Ohio
is moderate year-round. Severe weather is not uncommon in the state, although there are typically fewer tornado reports in Ohio
Ohio
than in states located in what is known as the Tornado
Tornado
Alley . Severe lake effect snowstorms are also not uncommon on the southeast shore of Lake Erie
Lake Erie
, which is located in an area designated as the Snowbelt
Snowbelt
.

Although predominantly not in a subtropical climate, some warmer-climate flora and fauna does reach well into Ohio. For instance, a number of trees with more southern ranges, such as the blackjack oak , _Quercus marilandica_, are found at their northernmost in Ohio
Ohio
just north of the Ohio
Ohio
River. Also evidencing this climatic transition from a subtropical to continental climate , several plants such as the Southern magnolia _( Magnolia grandiflora)_, Albizia julibrissin (mimosa), Crape Myrtle, and even the occasional Needle Palm are hardy landscape materials regularly used as street, yard, and garden plantings in the Bluegrass regionof Ohio; but these same plants will simply not thrive in much of the rest of the State. This interesting change may be observed while traveling through Ohio
Ohio
on Interstate 75
Interstate 75
from Cincinnati
Cincinnati
to Toledo ; the observant traveler of this diverse state may even catch a glimpse of Cincinnati's common wall lizard , one of the few examples of permanent "subtropical" fauna in Ohio.

Average daily maximum and minimum temperatures for selected cities in Ohio
Ohio
LOCATION JULY (°F) JULY (°C) JANUARY (°F) JANUARY (°C)

Columbus 85/65 29/18 36/22 2/–5

Cleveland
Cleveland
82/64 28/18 34/21 1/–5

Cincinnati
Cincinnati
86/66 30/19 39/23 3/–5

Toledo 84/62 29/17 32/18 0/–7

Akron 82/62 28/16 33/19 0/–7

Dayton 87/67 31/19 36/22 2/–5

Canton 82/62 28/16 33/19 1/–7

Records

The highest recorded temperature was 113 °F (45 °C ), near Gallipolis on July 21, 1934. The lowest recorded temperature was −39 °F (−39 °C), at Milligan on February 10, 1899, during the Great Blizzard of 1899.

EARTHQUAKES

Although few have registered as noticeable to the average resident, more than 30 earthquakes occurred in Ohio
Ohio
between 2002 and 2007, and more than 200 quakes with a magnitude of 2.0 or higher have occurred since 1776.

The most substantial known earthquake in Ohio
Ohio
history was the Anna (Shelby County) earthquake, which occurred on March 9, 1937. It was centered in western Ohio, and had a magnitude of 5.4, and was of intensity VIII.

Other significant earthquakes in Ohio
Ohio
include: one of magnitude 4.8 near Lima on September 19, 1884; one of magnitude 4.2 near Portsmouth on May 17, 1901; and one of 5.0 in LeRoy Township in Lake County on January 31, 1986, which continued to trigger 13 aftershocks of magnitude 0.5 to 2.4 for two months.

The most recent earthquake in Ohio
Ohio
of any appreciable magnitude occurred on December 31, 2011, at 3:05pm EST . It had a magnitude of 4.0, and its epicenter was located approximately 4 kilometres northwest of Youngstown (41°7′19.1994″N 80°41′2.3994″W / 41.121999833°N 80.683999833°W / 41.121999833; -80.683999833 ), near the Trumbull /Mahoning county border.

The Ohio
Ohio
Seismic Network (OhioSeis), a group of seismograph stations at several colleges, universities, and other institutions, and coordinated by the Division of Geological Survey of the Ohio Department of Natural Resources, maintains an extensive catalog of Ohio
Ohio
earthquakes from 1776 to the present day, as well as earthquakes located in other states whose effects were felt in Ohio.

MAJOR CITIES

See also: List of cities in Ohio

* v * t * e

Largest cities or towns in Ohio Source:

RANK NAME COUNTY POP.

Columbus

Cleveland
Cleveland
1 Columbus Franklin 860,090

Cincinnati
Cincinnati

Toledo

2 Cleveland
Cleveland
Cuyahoga 385,809

3 Cincinnati
Cincinnati
Hamilton 298,800

4 Toledo Lucas 278,508

5 Akron Summit 197,542

6 Dayton Montgomery 140,599

7 Parma Cuyahoga 79,425

8 Canton Stark 71,885

9 Youngstown Mahoning 64,312

10 Lorain Lorain 63,647

Columbus (home of The Ohio State University
The Ohio State University
, Franklin University
Franklin University
, Capital University
Capital University
, and Ohio Dominican University
Ohio Dominican University
) is the capital of Ohio, near the geographic center of the state.

Other Ohio
Ohio
cities functioning as centers of United States metropolitan areas include:

* Akron (home of University of Akron
University of Akron
and Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company ) * Canton (home of Pro Football Hall of Fame, Malone University, and The Timken Company
The Timken Company
) * Cincinnati
Cincinnati
(home of University of Cincinnati
Cincinnati
, Xavier University
Xavier University
, Cincinnati
Cincinnati
Museum Center , Cincinnati
Cincinnati
Symphony Orchestra , Procter "> Between 1,000 and 800 BC, the sedentary Adena culture
Adena culture
emerged. As Ohio historian George W. Knepper notes, this sophisticated culture was "so named because evidences of their culture were excavated in 1902 on the grounds of Adena, Thomas Worthington 's estate located near Chillicothe ". The Adena were able to establish "semi-permanent" villages because they domesticated plants, which included squash , sunflowers , and perhaps corn . Cultivation of these in addition to hunting and gathering supported more settled, complex villages. The most spectacular remnant of the Adena culture
Adena culture
is the Great Serpent Mound , located in Adams County, Ohio
Adams County, Ohio
. Iroquois
Iroquois
conquests during the Beaver Wars
Beaver Wars
(mid-1600s), which largely depopulated the upper and mid- Ohio River
Ohio River
valley.

Around 100 BC, the Adena were joined in Ohio Country
Ohio Country
by the Hopewell people, who were named for the farm owned by Captain M. C. Hopewell, where evidence of their unique culture was discovered. Like the Adena, the Hopewell people participated in a mound-building culture. Their complex, large and technologically sophisticated earthworks can be found in modern-day Marietta , Newark , and Circleville . The Hopewell, however, disappeared from the Ohio
Ohio
Valley in about 600 AD. Little is known about the people who replaced them. Researchers have identified two additional, distinct prehistoric cultures: the Fort Ancient people and the Whittlesey Focus people. Both cultures apparently disappeared in the 17th century, perhaps decimated by infectious diseases spread in epidemics from early European contact. The Native Americans
Americans
had no immunity to common European diseases. Some scholars believe that the Fort Ancient
Fort Ancient
people "were ancestors of the historic Shawnee
Shawnee
people, or that, at the very least, the historic Shawneesabsorbed remnants of these older peoples."

American Indians in the Ohio
Ohio
Valley were greatly affected by the aggressive tactics of the Iroquois
Iroquois
Confederation , based in central and western New York. After the Beaver Wars
Beaver Wars
in the mid-17th century, the Iroquois
Iroquois
claimed much of the Ohio country
Ohio country
as hunting and, more importantly, beaver-trapping ground. After the devastation of epidemics and war in the mid-17th century, which largely emptied the Ohio country
Ohio country
of indigenous people by the mid-to-late 17th century, the land gradually became repopulated by the mostly Algonquian -speaking descendants of its ancient inhabitants, that is, descendants of the Adena, Hopewell, and Mississippian cultures . Many of these Ohio-country nations were multi-ethnic (sometimes multi-linguistic) societies born out of the earlier devastation brought about by disease, war, and subsequent social instability. They subsisted on agriculture (corn , sunflowers, beans , etc.) supplemented by seasonal hunts. By the 18th century, they were part of a larger global economy brought about by European entry into the fur trade .

The indigenous nations to inhabit Ohio
Ohio
in the historical period included the Miamis(a large confederation); Wyandots(made up of refugees, especially from the fractured Huron confederacy); Delawares (pushed west from their historic homeland in New Jersey
New Jersey
); Shawnees (also pushed west, although they may have been descended from the Fort Ancient people of Ohio); Ottawas (more commonly associated with the upper Great Lakes
Great Lakes
region); Mingos (like the Wyandot, a group recently formed of refugees from Iroquois); Eries(gradually absorbed into the new, multi-ethnic "republics," namely the Wyandot) Ohio country
Ohio country
was also the site of Indian massacres, such as the Yellow Creek Massacre , Gnadenhutten and Pontiac\'s Rebellion school massacre .

COLONIAL AND REVOLUTIONARY ERAS

During the 18th century, the French set up a system of trading posts to control the fur trade in the region. Beginning in 1754, France and Great Britain fought a war that was known in North America as the French and Indian War
French and Indian War
and in Europe as the Seven Years\' War . As a result of the Treaty of Paris , the French ceded control of Ohio
Ohio
and the remainder of the Old Northwest
Old Northwest
to Great Britain.

Pontiac\'s Rebellion in the 1760s, however, posed a challenge to British military control. This came to an end with the colonists' victory in the American Revolution
American Revolution
. In the Treaty of Paris in 1783, Britain ceded all claims to Ohio country
Ohio country
to the United States.

NORTHWEST TERRITORY: 1787–1803

Plaque commemorating the Northwest Ordinance
Northwest Ordinance
outside Federal Hall National Memorial in New York

The United States
United States
created the Northwest Territory
Northwest Territory
under the Northwest Ordinance of 1787. Slavery was not permitted in the new territory. Settlement began with the founding of Marietta by the Ohio
Ohio
Company of Associates , which had been formed by a group of American Revolutionary War veterans. Following the Ohio
Ohio
Company, the Miami Company (also referred to as the " Symmes Purchase
Symmes Purchase
") claimed the southwestern section, and the Connecticut Land Company
Connecticut Land Company
surveyed and settled the Connecticut Western Reservein present-day Northeast Ohio .

The old Northwest Territory
Northwest Territory
originally included areas previously known as Ohio Country
Ohio Country
and Illinois Country
Illinois Country
. As Ohio
Ohio
prepared for statehood, the Indiana
Indiana
Territory was created, reducing the Northwest Territory to approximately the size of present-day Ohio
Ohio
plus the eastern half of the Lower Peninsula of Michigan
Michigan
and the eastern tip of the Upper Peninsula .

Under the Northwest Ordinance
Northwest Ordinance
, areas of the territory could be defined and admitted as states once their population reached 60,000. Although Ohio's population numbered only 45,000 in December 1801, Congress determined that the population was growing rapidly and Ohio could begin the path to statehood. The assumption was that it would exceed 60,000 residents by the time it was admitted as a state. Furthermore, in regards to the Leni Lenape
Leni Lenape
Native Americans
Americans
living in the region, Congress decided that 10,000 acres on the Muskingum River in the present state of Ohio
Ohio
would "be set apart and the property thereof be vested in the Moravian Brethren
Moravian Brethren
... or a society of the said Brethren for civilizing the Indians and promoting Christianity".

STATEHOOD: 1803–PRESENT

James A. Garfield
James A. Garfield
, President of the United States
United States
from Ohio
Ohio

On February 19, 1803, U.S. President Thomas Jefferson
Thomas Jefferson
signed an act of Congress that approved Ohio's boundaries and constitution. However, Congress had never passed a resolution formally admitting Ohio
Ohio
as the 17th state. The current custom of Congress declaring an official date of statehood did not begin until 1812, with Louisiana
Louisiana
's admission as the 18th state. Although no formal resolution of admission was required, when the oversight was discovered in 1953, Ohio
Ohio
congressman George H. Benderintroduced a bill in Congress to admit Ohio
Ohio
to the Union retroactive to March 1, 1803, the date on which the Ohio General Assembly
Ohio General Assembly
first convened. At a special session at the old state capital in Chillicothe , the Ohio
Ohio
state legislature approved a new petition for statehood that was delivered to Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
on horseback. On August 7, 1953 (the year of Ohio's 150th anniversary), President Eisenhower signed a congressional joint resolution that officially declared March 1, 1803, the date of Ohio's admittance into the Union.

Ohio
Ohio
has had three capital cities: Chillicothe, Zanesville , and Columbus . Chillicothe was the capital from 1803 to 1810. The capital was then moved to Zanesville for two years, as part of a state legislative compromise, in order to get a bill passed. The capital was then moved back to Chillicothe, which was the capital from 1812 to 1816. Finally, the capital was moved to Columbus, in order to have it near the geographic center of the state, where it would be more accessible to most citizens.

Although many Native Americans
Americans
had migrated west to evade American encroachment, others remained settled in the state, sometimes assimilating in part. Shawnee
Shawnee
leader Tecumseh
Tecumseh
led an American Indian confederacy in Tecumseh\'s Rebellion , from 1811 to 1813. In 1830 under President Andrew Jackson
Andrew Jackson
, the US government forced Indian Removal of most tribes to the Indian Territory
Indian Territory
west of the Mississippi River.

In 1835, Ohio
Ohio
fought with Michigan
Michigan
in the Toledo War
Toledo War
, a mostly bloodless boundary war over the Toledo Strip. Congress intervened, making Michigan's admittance as a state conditional on ending the conflict. In exchange for giving up its claim to the Toledo Strip, Michigan
Michigan
was given the western two-thirds of the Upper Peninsula , in addition to the eastern third that was already considered part of the state. Ohio
Ohio
state welcome sign, in an older (1990s) style Newer state sign, (US 52 )

Ohio's central position and its population gave it an important place during the Civil War . The Ohio River
Ohio River
was a vital artery for troop and supply movements, as were Ohio's railroads. Ohio
Ohio
contributed more soldiers per-capita than any other state in the Union. In 1862, the state's morale was badly shaken in the aftermath of the battle of Shiloh , a costly victory in which Ohio
Ohio
forces suffered 2,000 casualties. Later that year, when Confederate troops under the leadership of Stonewall Jackson
Stonewall Jackson
threatened Washington, D.C., Ohio governor David Tod
David Tod
still could recruit 5,000 volunteers to provide three months of service. Almost 35,000 Ohioans died in the conflict, and thirty thousand were physically wounded. By the end of the Civil War, the Union's top three generals– Ulysses S. Grant
Ulysses S. Grant
, William Tecumseh
Tecumseh
Sherman , and Philip Sheridan
Philip Sheridan
–were all from Ohio.

In 1912 a Constitutional Convention was held with Charles B. Galbreath as secretary. The result reflected the concerns of the Progressive Era
Progressive Era
. It introduced the initiative and the referendum. In addition, it allowed the General Assembly to put questions on the ballot for the people to ratify laws and constitutional amendments originating in the Legislature. Under the Jeffersonian principle that laws should be reviewed once a generation, the constitution provided for a recurring question to appear on Ohio's general election ballots every 20 years. The question asks whether a new convention is required. Although the question has appeared in 1932, 1952, 1972, and 1992, it has never been approved. Instead constitutional amendments have been proposed by petition to the legislature hundreds of times and adopted in a majority of cases.

Eight US Presidents hailed from Ohio
Ohio
at the time of their elections, giving rise to its nickname "Mother of Presidents", a sobriquet it shares with Virginia
Virginia
. It is also termed "Modern Mother of Presidents", in contrast to Virginia's status as the origin of presidents earlier in American history. Seven Presidents were born in Ohio, making it second to Virginia's eight. Virginia-born William Henry Harrison lived most of his life in Ohio
Ohio
and is also buried there. Harrison conducted his political career while living on the family compound, founded by his father-in-law, John Cleves Symmes
John Cleves Symmes
, in North Bend, Ohio. The seven presidents born in Ohio
Ohio
were Ulysses S. Grant , Rutherford B. Hayes
Rutherford B. Hayes
, James A. Garfield
James A. Garfield
, Benjamin Harrison (grandson of William Henry Harrison), William McKinley
William McKinley
, William Howard Taft and Warren G. Harding.

DEMOGRAPHICS

HISTORICAL POPULATION

CENSUS POP.

1800 45,365

1810 230,760

408.7%

1820 581,434

152.0%

1830 937,903

61.3%

1840 1,519,467

62.0%

1850 1,980,329

30.3%

1860 2,339,511

18.1%

1870 2,665,260

13.9%

1880 3,198,062

20.0%

1890 3,672,329

14.8%

1900 4,157,545

13.2%

1910 4,767,121

14.7%

1920 5,759,394

20.8%

1930 6,646,697

15.4%

1940 6,907,612

3.9%

1950 7,946,627

15.0%

1960 9,706,397

22.1%

1970 10,652,017

9.7%

1980 10,797,630

1.4%

1990 10,847,115

0.5%

2000 11,353,140

4.7%

2010 11,536,504

1.6%

EST. 2016 11,614,373

0.7%

Source: 1910–2010 2015 Estimate

POPULATION

From just over 45,000 residents in 1800, Ohio's population grew at rates of over 10% per decade (except for the 1940 census) until the 1970 census , which recorded just over 10.65 million Ohioans. Growth then slowed for the next four decades. The United States
United States
Census Bureau estimates that the population of Ohio
Ohio
was 11,613,423 on July 1, 2015, a 0.67% increase since the 2010 United States
United States
Census . Ohio's population growth lags that of the entire United States, and Caucasians are found in a greater density than the United States average. As of 2000 , Ohio's center of population is located in Morrow County , in the county seat of Mount Gilead . This is approximately 6,346 feet (1,934 m) south and west of Ohio's population center in 1990. Graph of Ohio's population growth from 1800 to 2000.

As of 2011, 27.6% of Ohio's children under the age of 1 belonged to minority groups.

6.2% of Ohio's population is under 5 years of age, 23.7 percent under 18 years of age, and 14.1 percent were 65 or older. Females made up approximately 51.2 percent of the population.

BIRTH DATA

_Note: Births in table don't add up, because Hispanics are counted both by their ethnicity and by their race, giving a higher overall number._

Live Births by Race/Ethnicity of Mother RACE 2013 2014 2015

White 109,749 (79.0%) 110,003 (78.9%) 109,566 (78.7%)

> Non-Hispanic White 104,059 (74.9%) 104,102 (74.6%) 103,586 (74.4%)

Black 24,952 (18.0%) 24,931 (17.9%) 25,078 (18.0%)

Asian 3,915 (2.8%) 4,232 (3.0%) 4,367 (3.1%)

Native 320 (0.2%) 301 (0.2%) 253 (0.2%)

_Hispanic _ (of any race) _6,504 (4.7%)_ _6,884 (4.9%)_ _6,974 (5.0%)_

TOTAL OHIO 138,936 (100%) 139,467 (100%) 139,264 (100%)

ANCESTRY

According to the 2010 United States
United States
Census , the racial composition of Ohio
Ohio
was the following:

* White American: 82.7% ( Non-Hispanic Whites
Non-Hispanic Whites
: 81.1%) * Black or African American
African American
: 12.2% * Native American : 0.2% * Asian : 1.7% (0.6% Indian, 0.4% Chinese, 0.1% Filipino, 0.1% Korean, 0.1% Vietnamese, 0.1% Japanese) * Pacific Islander
Pacific Islander
: 0.03% * Two or more races : 2.1% * Some other race: 1.1% * Hispanic or Latinos (of any race) make up 3.1% (1.5% Mexican, 0.8% Puerto Rican, 0.1% Guatemalan, 0.1% Cuban)

OHIO RACIAL BREAKDOWN OF POPULATION RACIAL COMPOSITION 1990 2000 2010

White 87.8% 85.0% 82.7%

African American
African American
10.6% 11.5% 12.2%

Asian 0.8% 1.2% 1.7%

Native 0.2% 0.2% 0.2%

Native Hawaiianand other Pacific Islander
Pacific Islander
– – –

Other race 0.5% 0.8% 1.1%

Two or more races – 1.4% 2.1%

In 2010, there were 469,700 foreign-born residents in Ohio, corresponding to 4.1% of the total population. Of these, 229,049 (2.0%) were naturalized US citizens and 240,699 (2.1%) were not. The largest groups were: Mexico
Mexico
(54,166), India
India
(50,256), China
China
(34,901), Germany
Germany
(19,219), Philippines
Philippines
(16,410), United Kingdom
United Kingdom
(15,917), Canada
Canada
(14,223), Russia
Russia
(11,763), South Korea
South Korea
(11,307), and Ukraine (10,681). Though, predominantly white, Ohio
Ohio
has large black populations in all major metropolitan areas throughout the state, Ohio has a significant Hispanic population made up of Mexicans in Toledo and Columbus, and Puerto Ricans in Cleveland
Cleveland
and Columbus, and also has a significant and diverse Asian population in Columbus.

The largest ancestry groups (which the Census defines as not including racial terms) in the state are:

* 26.5% German * 14.1% Irish * 9.0% English * 6.4% Italian * 3.8% Polish * 2.5% French * 1.9% Scottish * 1.7% Hungarian * 1.6% Dutch * 1.5% Mexican