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The Official Charts Company
Official Charts Company
(previously known as the Chart Information Network (CIN) The Official UK Charts Company and also referred to Official Charts) is a British inter-professional organisation that compiles various "official" record charts in the United Kingdom, including the UK Singles Chart, the UK Albums Chart, the UK Singles Downloads Chart and the UK Album
Album
Downloads Chart, as well as genre-specific and music video charts. The OCC produces its charts by gathering and combining sales data from retailers through market researchers Millward Brown, and claims to cover 99% of the singles market and 95% of the album market, and aims to collect data from any retailer who sells more than 100 chart items per week.[1] The OCC is operated jointly by the British Phonographic Industry
British Phonographic Industry
and the Entertainment Retailers Association (ERA) (formerly the British Association of Record Dealers (BARD)). Since 1 July 1997, CIN and then the OCC have compiled the official charts. Prior to this date, the charts were produced by a succession of market research companies, beginning with the British Market Research Bureau in 1969, and later by Gallup. Before the production of the "official" charts, various less comprehensive charts were produced, most notably by newspaper/magazine New Musical Express
New Musical Express
(NME) which began its chart in 1952; some of these older charts (including NME's earliest singles charts) are now part of the official OCC canon.

Contents

1 Chart synopsis 2 See also 3 References 4 External links

Chart synopsis[edit] All of the OCC's charts are published weekly on Friday nights, and cover sales for the preceding week, Friday to Thursday. From 3 August 1969 until 5 July 2015, the chart week ran from Sunday to Saturday. Genre-specific charts include UK Dance Chart, UK Indie Chart, UK R&B Chart, UK Rock Chart and the Asian Download Chart. The Scottish Singles and Albums Charts ― and the former Welsh Singles and Albums Chart ― appears in listings within the Official Charts Company. It is a regional listing reflecting how sales towards the UK Singles Chart and UK Albums Chart
UK Albums Chart
are faring in Scotland. The Welsh Singles and Album
Album
Chart served the same purpose in Wales. It also charts the UK DVD Chart
UK DVD Chart
and UK Budget Album
Album
Chart. While their music charts are now Friday to Thursday, their video charts remain Sunday to Saturday. On 5 September 2008, the Official UK Charts Company rebranded itself as the Official Charts Company
Official Charts Company
and introduced a new company logo.[2] It later dropped the word 'Company' and became just "Official Charts". From May 2012, a new chart was launched – the Official Streaming Chart. This counts audio streams from streaming services Spotify, Deezer, Blinkbox Music, Napster, amongst others. The chart is the first of its kind to rank streams from ad-funded and subscription services and the Official Streaming Chart
Official Streaming Chart
Top 100 is now published weekly[3] on the Official Charts website, and in music industry trade magazine Music Week. In April 2015, the UK's first vinyl record chart of the modern era was launched by the Official Charts Company
Official Charts Company
due to "the huge surge of interest" in the sector. The chart was launched following the growth of the sector in the UK for the seventh year in a row.[4] In July 2015, Official Charts changed its chart methodology from traditional Sunday slot to the new Friday slot, effective on 10 July 2015[5] to coincide with the "New Music Friday - Global Release Day" campaign set by IFPI which effective on 10 July 2015 as well.[6][7] Beginning in 2017 the Official Charts Company
Official Charts Company
changed its methodology for calculating the Top 40, intending to more accurately reflect the rise in music streaming. Prior to January 2017, 100 streams counted as one "sale" of a song. From January onward, the ratio became 150:1.[8] Additionally, in June 2017, it was decided that after a record has spent at least 10 weeks on the chart, any track which has declined for three consecutive weeks will see its streams:sales ratio change from 150:1 to 300:1, in an attempt to accelerate their disappearance from the chart.[9] See also[edit]

UK Albums Chart UK Singles Chart UK Video Charts UK Singles Downloads Chart UK Album
Album
Downloads Chart British Phonographic Industry
British Phonographic Industry
(BPI)

References[edit]

^ "OCC Information Pack" (PDF). Official Charts. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 April 2008. Retrieved 8 May 2008.  ^ Carde, Ben (5 September 2008). "OCC re-brand is Official". Music Week. Retrieved 6 September 2008.  ^ Kreisler, Lauren (9 May 2012). "The UK's first Official Streaming Chart has arrived". Official Charts. Retrieved 18 January 2013.  ^ "UK's first official vinyl chart launched as sales rise". BBC. BBC. 13 April 2015. Retrieved 13 April 2015.  ^ Copsey, Rob (2015-06-10). "Global Release Day: Official Chart to kick off your weekend from next month". Officialcharts.com. Retrieved 2017-06-30.  ^ ""New Music Fridays" are coming - Global release day launches 10th July". Official Charts.  ^ ""New Music Fridays" – FAQ for those working in the industry" (PDF). Ifpi.org. Retrieved 2017-06-30.  ^ Mark Savage (December 19, 2016). "Chart company changes formula to reflect rise in streaming". BBC News. Retrieved January 26, 2017.  ^ Sutherland, Mark (27 June 2017). " Official Charts Company
Official Charts Company
introduces singles chart revamp". Music Week. Intent Media. Retrieved 3 August 2017. 

External links[edit]

Official Charts Company
Official Charts Company
website

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UK Music Charts

UK Singles

Number ones

1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s Number one artists Most number ones Christmas Posthumous Scottish Instrumental Simultaneous UK and US Top 10 singles (By artist)

Best-selling

1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s (decade) 2010s 1900s 2000s (century) All time Yearly Most downloaded Most streamed Million-sellers Platinum singles (pre-2000) Platinum singles (post-2000) Most weeks on chart One-hit wonders Records

UK Albums

Number ones

1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s Most number ones Christmas Posthumous Simultaneous UK and US Top 10 albums

Best-selling

1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s (decade) 2010s 2000s (century) All time Yearly Most weeks on chart One-hit wonders

Genre charts

Number ones

Christian & Gospel Classical (albums/compilations) Dance (singles/albums) Indie (singles/albums) Indie Breakers (singles/albums) R&B (singles/albums) Rock & Metal (singles/albums) Specialist Classical

Other charts

Current

Album
Album
Downloads Albums Streaming Audio Streaming Compilations Midweeks Record Store Singles Downloads UKHot40 Vinyl Albums Vinyl Singles The Vodafone Big Top 40

Former

1952–1969 1Xtra Classical Singles EPs Fab 40 Fresh 40 Hit40UK Mersey Beat The Net 40 The Network Chart Show NME Pepsi Chart Pick of the Pops Progressive Record Mirror Subscription Plays Top Pops

Related

Music Week Official Charts Company The Official Chart UK Video Charts The Virgin Book of British Hit Singles

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Music of the United Kingdom

Art music

Early music ( England
England
• Ireland • Scotland) Baroque Classical

History of popular music

Early popular music 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s & 2010s

Traditional genres

British folk revival Ballad Carol Children's song Hornpipe Jig Morris dance Protest song Reel Sea shanty Strathspey War song Work song

Contemporary popular genres

Folk

England Scotland Wales

Hip Hop Jazz Pop Popular Rock Soul Schlager

Ethnic music

Caribbean England Ireland Scotland Wales

Media and performance

Music awards

Brit Awards Classic Brit Awards Gramophone Classical Music Awards Ivor Novello Awards Kerrang! Awards Mercury Prize MOBO Awards Spiral Awards BBC Music Awards

Music charts

Albums chart Classical charts Compilation chart Dance chart Download chart Indie chart R&B chart Rock chart Singles chart Subscription plays chart

Music festivals

C2C: Country to Country Cambridge folk Download Edinburgh Eisteddfod Glastonbury Isle of Wight Knebworth Royal National Mòd The Proms Reading and Leeds T in the Park V

Music media

The Gramophone Kerrang! Melody Maker Mojo NME Q The Wire

National anthem

"God Save the Queen"

Regional music

British Isles

Birmingham (Classical music, Jazz, Popular music) Cardiff Cornwall Liverpool Manchester Northumbria Somerset Sussex Yorkshire

Overseas

Anguilla Bermuda Cayman Islands Gibraltar Montserrat Turks and Caicos Virgin Islands

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Record charts (List of)

Africa

South Africa

Asia

China Israel India Japan Lebanon Malaysia Pakistan Philippines South Korea Taiwan

Europe

Austria Belgium Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Italy Netherlands

Dutch Top 40 MegaCharts

Norway Poland Portugal Romania

Romanian Top 100 Airplay 100

Russia Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Ukraine United Kingdom

North America

Canada Honduras Mexico

AMPROFON Monitor Latino

United States

Oceania

Australia New Zealand

South America

Argentina Brazil Colombia Venezuela

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Music industry

Companies and organizations

Representatives

ARIA BVMI BPI Music Canada FIMI IFPI (worldwide) PROMUSICAE RIAA SNEP

Music publishers

BMG Rights Management EMI Music Publishing Fox Music Imagem MGM Music Music catalog Sony/ATV Music Publishing Universal Music Publishing Group Warner/Chappell Music

Record labels

Major: Sony Music Universal Music Group Warner Music Group Independent: Independent UK record labels

Live music

CTS Eventim Live Nation LiveStyle Ticketmaster

Genres

Avant-garde Blues Contemporary R&B Country Crossover Dance Disco Drum and bass Easy listening Electronica Experimental Folk Funk Gospel Hip hop Instrumental Jazz Latin Metal Motown New Age Operatic pop Pop Punk Reggae Rock Soul Soundtrack World

Sectors and roles

Album
Album
cover design Artists and repertoire (A&R) Disc jockey Distribution Entertainment law Music education Music executive Music journalism Music publisher Music store Music venue Musical instruments Professional audio store Promotion Radio promotion Record label Record shop Road crew Talent manager Tour promoter

Production

Arrangement Composer Conductor Disc jockey Hip hop producer Horn section Record producer Recording artist Rhythm section Orchestrator Session musician Singer

Backup singer Ghost singer Vocal coach

Songwriter

Ghostwriter

Sound engineer

Release formats

Album Extended play
Extended play
(EP)/Mini album Single Music video Promotional recording Phonograph record Eight-track Compact cassette CD DVD Airplay Music download Streaming media

Live shows

Concert Concert
Concert
tour Concert
Concert
residency Music festival Music competition

Charts

ARIA Charts Billboard Hot 100 Brasil Hot 100 Airplay Canadian Hot 100 Gaon Music Chart Irish Singles Chart Italian Singles Chart GfK Entertainment Charts Entertainment Monitoring Africa Oricon
Oricon
Charts New Zealand Singles Chart SNEP Singles Chart Sverigetopplistan UK Singles Chart

Publications

Billboard HitQuarters Hot Press Kerrang! Mojo Musica e dischi NME Q Rolling Stone Smash Hits Top of the Pops

Television

Channels

CMT TheCoolTV Fuse Heartland Juice MTV MTV2 Tr3s MuchMusic The Music Factory Viva VH1 The Country Network

Series

Idol franchise Popstars Star Academy The Voice The X Factor Rising Star

Achievements

Music award Best-selling music artists Best-selling albums Best-selling albums by country Best-selling singles Highest-grossing concert tours Highest-attended concerts Global Recording Artist of the Year

Other

Album
Album
sales Album-equivalent unit A-side and B-side Backmasking Christian music industry Hidden track Grammy Museum White lab

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