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The Office of Naval Research
Office of Naval Research
(ONR) is an organization within the United States Department of the Navy
United States Department of the Navy
that coordinates, executes, and promotes the science and technology programs of the U.S. Navy and Marine Corps through schools, universities, government laboratories, nonprofit organizations, and for-profit organizations.

Contents

1 Locations 2 Overview 3 Organization

3.1 Command Structure 3.2 Science and Technology Departments 3.3 ONR Corporate Programs: Research & Education 3.4 Naval Research Laboratory 3.5 ONR Global

4 Research 5 Gallery 6 See also

6.1 ONR projects and programs 6.2 Related organizations and agencies

7 References 8 External links

Locations[edit] ONR Headquarters is in the Ballston neighborhood of Arlington, Virginia. Accordingly, the nearest Washington Metro
Washington Metro
stop to ONR offices is Ballston, which is served by both the Orange Line (Washington Metro) and the Silver Line (Washington Metro). Additionally, ONR Global has offices overseas in Santiago (Chile), London, Prague, Singapore, and Tokyo. Overview[edit] ONR was authorized by an Act of Congress, Public Law 588, and subsequently approved by President Harry S. Truman
Harry S. Truman
on 1 August 1946, with the stated mission of "planning, fostering, and encouraging scientific research in recognition of its paramount importance as related to the maintenance of future naval power and the preservation of national security." Today, ONR carries out its mission by funding (through grants and contracts) world-class scientists, technologists, and engineers who perform basic research, technology development, and advanced technology demonstrations. More than 50 researchers have won a Nobel Prize for their ONR-funded work. Continuous investment in new and innovative technology enables ONR to build and maintain the world's most capable Navy. Its focus is long term, yet it is highly responsive to near-term Naval needs. ONR's balanced S&T Portfolio is allocated to meet the broad spectrum of warfighter requirements: 10% Quick Reaction 30% S&T Acquisition Enablers 10% Leap Ahead Innovations 40% Discovery & Invention (Basic and Applied Science) 10% Other. Organization[edit] Command Structure[edit] ONR reports to the U.S. Secretary of the Navy
U.S. Secretary of the Navy
through the Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Research, Development and Acquisition. The Chief of Naval Research
Chief of Naval Research
is Rear Admiral David J. Hahn and the Vice Chief of Naval Research
Chief of Naval Research
is Brigadier General Julian D. Alford, United States Marine Corps, who also serves as Director of United States Marine Corps Futures Directorate and Commanding General of the United States Marine Corps Warfighting Laboratory. ONR executes its mission through

science and technology departments, corporate programs, the Naval Research Laboratory
Naval Research Laboratory
(NRL), the ONR Global office.

In 2007, a Naval S&T Strategic Plan was developed to describe how ONR will enable the future operational concepts of the Navy and the Marine Corps. This plan was updated in 2009 and 2011. By design, it is a broad strategy that provides strong direction for the future, but it is aimed to retain sufficient flexibility and freedom of action to allow ONR to meet emerging challenges or alter course as directed by senior Naval leadership.

Science and Technology Departments[edit] ONR has six science and technology departments that fund basic research programs, primarily through U.S. universities; technology research programs, primarily through government and nongovernment laboratories; and, advanced technology demonstration programs, primarily through U.S. industry and companies. The six departments support efforts span from combating terrorism to oceanography and from sea warfare to life sciences. Additionally, ONR has an Office of Transition that supports technology transitions to the Navy and Marine Corps; a Small Business Innovative Research Office that encourages small businesses to develop and commercialize products in support of ONR’s mission; a Future Naval Capabilities Program that works to provide technologies to close warfighting gaps; and a Corporate Programs Office that supports cross-disciplinary research and education programs. ONR Corporate Programs: Research & Education[edit] In general, corporate programs are designed to increase the numbers and capabilities of engineers, scientists, and government personnel available to carry out efforts that support national defense and to provide evolutionary and often revolutionary technological capabilities to the United States Navy and Marine Corps. To accomplish this, ONR supports many Corporate research and education programs:

Naval Research Enterprise Intern Program (NREIP) Multidisciplinary Research Program of the URI (MURI) Defense University Research Instrumentation Program (DURIP) of the URI DoD Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (DEPSCOR) Young Investigator Program DoD National Defense Science and Engineering Graduate (NDSEG) Fellowship Program of the URI Summer Faculty Research Program Faculty Sabbatical Leave Program Naval High School Science Awards Program HBCU
HBCU
(Historically Black Colleges/Universities)Future Engineering Faculty Fellowship Program Science and Engineering Apprentice Program (SEAP) (Run by ONR, funded by the American Society for Engineering Education)

Naval Research Laboratory[edit] Main article: Naval Research Laboratory Founded in 1923, NRL employs over 2,500 scientists and engineers.[1] NRL is the corporate research laboratory for the Navy and Marine Corps and conducts a broad program of scientific research, technology and advanced development. It has a prestigious history, including the development of the first U.S. radar system,[2] developing synthetic lubricants (for modern gas turbine engines), over-the-horizon radar,[3] the first U.S. surveillance satellite, and the Clementine mission. A few of the Laboratory's current specialties include plasma physics, space physics, materials science, and tactical electronic warfare. ONR Global[edit] The U.S. Office of Naval Research
Office of Naval Research
Global provides worldwide science & technology-based solutions to current and future Naval challenges. ONR Global combines the expertise of over 40 scientists, technologists, and engineers with a physical presence on five continents. The ONR Global team is committed to working with the broad global technical community and the operational Fleet/Force commands to foster cooperation in areas of mutual interest and to bring the full range of possibility to the Navy and Marine Corps. ONR Global regional offices are located in:

RAF Blenheim Crescent, London, U.K. (Europe) Santiago, Chile (Latin America) Tokyo, Japan (Asia/Pacific) Australia (Asia/Pacific) Singapore (South Asia/Singapore) Prague, Czech Republic (Europe)

ONR Global is a supporter of the Global Security Challenge
Global Security Challenge
at the London Business School. Research[edit]

Sea Fighter
Sea Fighter
(FSF-1), August 2005.

ONR's investments have enabled many firsts, including the launch of the first U.S. intel satellite; the development of SEALAB
SEALAB
I/II; the validation of the GPS concept and launch of the first GPS satellite; the first global atmospheric prediction model; GWOT support through various quick response programs; and, most recently, the Electromagnetic Railgun, the Infantry Immersive Trainer and Super-conducting Motors. Others include:

Combat Tactical Vehicle (Technology Demonstrator) ULTRA AP Shadow RST-V Sea Fighter Quiet Electric Drive R/P FLIP CALDIC (California Digital Computer) – from 1951 to 1955 Infantry Immersion Trainer Biomimetic anti-fouling ship coatings Ocean thermal energy conversion(OTEC or OTE)[4] Large Vessel Interface Lift-on/Lift-off[5]

The ONR has also sponsored symposia such as the Symposium on Principles of Self-Organization at Allerton Park in 1960.[6] Gallery[edit]

Tomahawk TLAM launching

See also[edit] ONR projects and programs[edit]

BGM-109 Tomahawk Infantry Immersion Trainer Interactive Scenario Builder
Interactive Scenario Builder
(Tactical Environmental Simulation) Philadelphia Experiment
Philadelphia Experiment
1943 High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program HMMWV replacement process Massive Multiplayer Online Wargame Leveraging the Internet SIMDIS

Related organizations and agencies[edit]

United States Naval Research Laboratory Naval Submarine Medical Research Laboratory Naval Research Advisory Committee United States Army Research Laboratory Air Force Research Laboratory Fleet Electronic Warfare Center (FEWC) National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration University-National Oceanographic Laboratory System List of auxiliaries of the United States Navy

References[edit]

^ "About NRL - U.S. Naval Research Laboratory". www.nrl.navy.mil. Retrieved 2017-09-05.  ^ "Development of the Radar
Radar
Principle - U.S. Naval Research Laboratory". www.nrl.navy.mil. Retrieved 2017-09-05.  ^ "Over-the-Horizon Radar
Radar
- U.S. Naval Research Laboratory". www.nrl.navy.mil. Retrieved 2017-09-05.  ^ Naval Research Lab Looks to Sea, Sun for Energy ^ http://www.onr.navy.mil/en/Media-Center/Fact-Sheets/Large-Vessel-Interface.aspx ^ "Frontispiece". International Tracts in Computer Science and Technology and their Application. 9 (Principles of Self-Organization). 1962.  access-date= requires url= (help)

External links[edit]

Ofice of Naval Research Homepage Naval Research Laboratory
Naval Research Laboratory
Homepage Naval S&T Strategic Plan

v t e

Research and development agencies of the federal government of the United States

Independent agencies

National Science Foundation
National Science Foundation
(NSF) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Environmental Protection Agency
Environmental Protection Agency
Office of Research and Development Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity
Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity
(IARPA) Smithsonian Institution research centers and programs

Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service
Agricultural Research Service
(ARS) National Institute of Food and Agriculture
National Institute of Food and Agriculture
(NIFA) Economic Research Service
Economic Research Service
(ERS) United States Forest Service Research and Development (R&D)

Commerce

National Institute of Standards and Technology
National Institute of Standards and Technology
(NIST) National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
(NOAA)

Defense

Air Force

Air Force Research Laboratory
Air Force Research Laboratory
(AFRL) Air Force Life Cycle Management Center
Air Force Life Cycle Management Center
(AFLCMC) Air Force Nuclear Weapons Center
Air Force Nuclear Weapons Center
(NWC) Air Force Institute of Technology
Air Force Institute of Technology
(AFIT)

Army

Army Research, Development and Engineering Command (RDECOM) U.S. Army Test and Evaluation Command
U.S. Army Test and Evaluation Command
(ATEC) Army Medical Research and Materiel Command (USAMRMC) Engineer Research and Development Center
Engineer Research and Development Center
(ERDC) Army Research Lab (ARL)

Navy

Office of Naval Research
Office of Naval Research
(ONR) Naval Research Laboratory
Naval Research Laboratory
(NRL) Naval Medical Research Center
Naval Medical Research Center
(NMRC) Naval Warfare Centers

Air (NAWC) Surface (NSWC) Undersea (NUWC) Command, Control and Ocean Surveillance (NCCOSC)

Naval Postgraduate School
Naval Postgraduate School
(NPS) Marine Corps Warfighting Laboratory (MCWL)

Other

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
(USU)

Education

Institute of Education Sciences
Institute of Education Sciences
(IES) National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)

Energy

Office of Science
Office of Science
(DOE SC) Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) National Laboratories

Health and Human Services

National Institutes of Health
National Institutes of Health
(NIH) National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
(NIOSH) Food and Drug Administration science and research programs Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority (BARDA)

Homeland Security

Directorate for Science and Technology (S&T) Coast Guard Research & Development Center (CG RDC)

Interior

United States Geological Survey
United States Geological Survey
(USGS)

Justice

National Institute of Justice
National Institute of Justice
(NIJ)

Transportation

Research and Innovative Technology Administration Federal Aviation Administration
Federal Aviation Administration
Research, Engineering, and Development Federal Highway Administration
Federal Highway Administration
Research and Technology

Veterans Affairs

Veterans Health Administration Office of Research and Development (ORD)

Multi-agency initiatives

U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) Networking and Information Technology Research and Development Program (NITRD) National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI)

Judicial branch

Federal Judicial Center

Policy-making bodies

Office of Science
Office of Science
and Technology Policy (OSTP) Office of Technology Assessment
Office of Technology Assessment
(OTA) (defunct) House Committee on Science, Space and Technology Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation

Coordinates: 38°52′51″N 77°06′31″W / 38.8808°N 77.1086°W / 38.8808; -77.1086

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 139500419 LCCN: n78085480 ISNI: 0000 0001 2291 4223 GND: 41329-X SUDOC: 026434164 BNF: cb118682441 (d

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