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An Off- Broadway theatre
Broadway theatre
is a professional venue in New York City with a seating capacity between 100 and 499. These theatres are smaller than Broadway theatres, but larger than Off-Off-Broadway theatres, which seat fewer than 100. An " Off-Broadway production" is a production of a play, musical or revue that appears in such a venue and adheres to related trade union and other contracts.[1] Shows that premiere Off-Broadway are sometimes subsequently produced on Broadway.

Contents

1 History 2 Awards 3 List of Off-Broadway theaters 4 References 5 External links

History[edit] Originally referring to the location of a venue and its productions on a street intersecting Broadway in Manhattan's Theater District, the hub of the theatre industry in New York, the term later became defined by the League of Off-Broadway Theatres and Producers as a professional venue in New York City with a seating capacity between 100 and 499 or a specific production that appears in such a venue and adheres to related trade union and other contracts.[1] Previously, regardless of the size of the venue, a theatre was not considered Off-Broadway if it was within the "Broadway Box" (extending from 40th to 54th Street and from west of Sixth Avenue to east of Eighth Avenue, including Times Square
Times Square
and 42nd Street). The contractual definition was changed to encompass theatres meeting the standard, which benefits these theatres because of the lower minimum required salary for Actors' Equity performers at Off-Broadway theatres as compared with the salary requirements of the union for Broadway theatres.[2] The adoption of the 499-seat rule occurred after a one-day strike in January, 1974.[3] Examples of Off-Broadway theatres within the Broadway Box are the Laura Pels Theatre and the Theater Center. The Off-Broadway movement started in the 1950s as a reaction to the perceived commercialism of Broadway and provided less expensive venues for shows that have employed hundreds of future Broadway artists. According to theatre historians Ken Bloom and Frank Vlastnik, Off-Broadway offered a new outlet for "poets, playwrights, actors, songwriters, and designers. ... The first great Off-Broadway musical was the 1954 revival" of The Threepenny Opera, which proved that Off-Broadway productions could be financially successful.[4] Theatre Row, on West 42nd Street between 9th and 10th Avenues in Manhattan, is a series of Off-Broadway and Off-Off-Broadway theatres. It was developed in the mid-1970s and modernized in 2002.[5] Many Off-Broadway shows have had subsequent runs on Broadway, including such successful musicals as Hair, Godspell, Little Shop of Horrors, Sunday in the Park with George, Rent, Grey Gardens, Urinetown, Avenue Q, The 25th Annual Putnam County Spelling Bee, Rock of Ages, In the Heights, Spring Awakening, Next to Normal, Hedwig and the Angry Inch, Fun Home, and Hamilton.[6] In particular, two that became Broadway hits, Grease and A Chorus Line, encouraged other producers to premiere their shows Off-Broadway.[4] Plays that have moved from Off-Broadway houses to Broadway include Doubt, I Am My Own Wife, Bridge & Tunnel, The Normal Heart, and Coastal Disturbances. Other productions, such as Stomp, Blue Man Group, Altar Boyz, Perfect Crime, Forbidden Broadway, Nunsense, Naked Boys Singing, Bat Boy: The Musical, and I Love You, You're Perfect, Now Change
I Love You, You're Perfect, Now Change
have had runs of many years Off-Broadway, never moving to Broadway. The Fantasticks, the longest-running musical in theatre history, spent its original 42-year run Off-Broadway and began another long Off-Broadway run in 2006.[7] Awards[edit] Off-Broadway shows, performers, and creative staff are eligible for the following awards: the New York Drama Critics' Circle Award, the Outer Critics Circle Award, the Drama Desk Award, the Obie Award (presented since 1956 by The Village Voice), the Lucille Lortel Award (created in 1985 by the League of Off-Broadway Theatres & Producers), and the Drama League Award. Although Off-Broadway shows are not eligible for Tony Awards, an exception was made in 1956 (before the rules were changed), when Lotte Lenya
Lotte Lenya
won Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Musical for the Off-Broadway production of The Threepenny Opera.[8] List of Off-Broadway theaters[edit] Capacity is based on the capacity given for the respective theatre at the Internet Off-Broadway Database.

Theatre Address Capacity

New World Stages, Stage 1 W. 50th St. (No. 340) 499

New World Stages, Stage 5 W. 50th St. (No. 340) 199

New World Stages, Stage 2 W. 50th St. (No. 340) 350

New World Stages, Stage 3 W. 50th St. (No. 340) 499

New World Stages, Stage 4 W. 50th St. (No. 340) 350

59E59 Theaters, Theatre A E. 59th St. (No. 59) 196

Acorn Theatre W. 42nd St. (No. 410) 199

Irene Diamond Stage, Signature Theatre W. 42nd St. (No. 480) 294

Romulus Linney Courtyard Theatre W. 42nd St. (No. 480) 191

Alice Griffin Jewel Box Theatre W. 42nd St. (No. 480) 191

Playwrights Horizons
Playwrights Horizons
Mainstage W. 42nd St. (No. 416) 198

Peter Jay Sharp Theatre W. 42nd St. (No. 416) 128

Stage 42 W. 42nd St. (No. 422) 499

St. Luke's Theatre W. 46th St. (No. 308) 178

York Theatre Lexington Ave. (No. 619) 161

Lucille Lortel Theatre Christopher St. (No. 121) 299

The Duke on 42nd Street W. 42nd St. (No. 229) 199

New Victory Theater W. 42nd St. (No. 209) 499

Tony Kiser Theatre W. 43rd St. (No. 305) 296

McGinn/Cazale Theatre Broadway (No. 2162) 108

Westside Theatre, Upstairs Theatre W. 43rd St. (No. 407) 270

Westside Theatre, Downstairs Theatre W. 43rd St. (No. 407) 249

Davenport Theatre
Davenport Theatre
Mainstage W. 45th St. (No. 354) 149

Vineyard Theatre E. 15th St. (No. 108) 132

Triad Theatre W. 72nd St. (No. 158) 130

Laura Pels Theatre W. 46th St. (No. 111) 425

Jerry Orbach Theater W. 50th St. (No. 210) 199

Anne L. Bernstein Theater W. 50th St. (No. 210) 199

SoHo Playhouse Vandam St. (No. 15) 178[9]

Orpheum Theatre Second Ave. (No. 126) 347

Minetta Lane Theatre Minetta Lane (No. 18) 391

New York Theatre Workshop, Theatre 79 E. 4th St. (No. 79) 199[10]

Claire Tow Theater W. 65th St. (No. 150) 131

Mitzi E. Newhouse Theater W. 65th St. (No. 150) 299

New York City Center
New York City Center
Stage I W. 55th St. (No. 131) 300

New York City Center
New York City Center
Stage II W. 55th St. (No. 131) 150

Marjorie S. Deane Little Theater W. 63rd St. (No. 5) 145[11]

Linda Gross Theatre W. 20th St. (No. 336) 199

Irish Repertory Theatre W. 22nd St. (No. 132) 148[12]

Gramercy Arts Theatre E. 27th St. (No. 138) 140[13]

Classic Stage Company E. 13th St. (No. 136) 199

Cherry Lane Theatre Commerce St. (No. 38) 179

Jerome Robbins Theatre W. 37th St. (No. 450) 238

Barrow Street Theatre Barrow St. (No. 27) 199

Astor Place Theatre Lafayette St. (No. 434) 298

Actors Temple Theatre W. 47th St. (No. 339) 199

47th Street Theatre W. 47th St. (No. 304) 196

Daryl Roth Theatre E. 15th St. (No. 101) 299

Lynn Redgrave Theatre Bleecker St. (No. 45) 199

Elektra Theatre W. 43rd St. (No. 300) 199

777 Theatre 8th Ave. (No. 777) 158

John Cullum Theatre W. 54th St. (No. 314) 140

Manhattan
Manhattan
Movement & Arts Center W. 60th St. (No. 248) 180

Players Theatre MacDougal St. (No. 115) 248

Theatre 80 St. Mark's St. Mark's Place (No. 80) 160

Theatre at St. Clement's Church W. 46th St. (No. 423) 151

The Gym at Judson Thompson St. (No. 243) 200

LuEsther Theatre Lafayette St. (No. 425) 160

Martinson Theatre Lafayette St. (No. 425) 199

Newman Theatre Lafayette St. (No. 425) 299

Anspacher Theatre Lafayette St. (No. 425) 275

Abrons Arts Center, Playhouse Theatre Grand St. (No. 466) 300

References[edit]

^ a b League of Off-Broadway Theatres and Producers Inc. and The Association of Theatrical Press Agents and Managers. "Off-Broadway Minimum Basic Agreement" (PDF). Retrieved December 14, 2007.  ^ "How To Tell Broadway from Off-Broadway from . ." Playbill Inc. 4 January 1998. Retrieved 28 January 2017. No matter what else you may have heard, the distinction is mainly one of contracts. There are so many theatres of so many different sizes served by so many different unions in New York that this three-tiered Broadway/Off-Broadway/ Off-Off-Broadway system evolved to determine who would get paid what. [...] Most "Broadway" theatres are not on Broadway, the street. A few theatres on Broadway, the street, are considered "Off-Broadway."  ^ "Actors' Equity 1970's Timeline". Actors' Equity Association. Retrieved 27 January 2017.  ^ a b Bloom, Ken and Vlastnik, Frank. "Off Broadway, Part 1", Broadway Musicals: The 101 Greatest Shows of All Time, Black Dog Publishing, 2008, ISBN 1-57912-313-9, p. 94 ^ McKinley, Jesse. "Upscale March of Theatre Row; A Centerpiece of Redevelopment", The New York Times, November 21, 2002, accessed March 2, 2017 ^ "Off Broadway Theatre Information". offbroadway.com. League of Off-Broadway Theatres and Producers. Retrieved 27 January 2017.  ^ Lefkowitz, David. " The Fantasticks
The Fantasticks
Bids Farewell, Jan. 13, After 42 Years on Sullivan Street", Playbill, January 13, 2002, accessed January 28, 2017; and Gordon, David. "After 56 Years, Tom Jones Isn't Finished With The Fantasticks", TheaterMania.com, September 9, 2016 ^ Threepenny Opera Off Broadway threepennyopera.org ^ "RENTAL FACT SHEET SP". Google Docs. Retrieved 2017-12-12.  ^ "NYTW / Rent Space @ NYTW". NYTW. Retrieved 2017-12-12.  ^ "The Marjorie S. Deane Little Theater". www.ymcanyc.org. Retrieved 2017-12-12.  ^ "FAQs - The Irish Repertory Theatre". The Irish Repertory Theatre. Retrieved 2017-12-12.  ^ "Gramercy Arts Theatre". Time Out New York. Retrieved 2017-12-12. 

External links[edit]

Internet Off-Broadway Database The League of Off-Broadway Theatres and Producers

v t e

Off-Broadway theatres

Active

47th Street Theatre 59E59 Theaters 777 Theatre Abrons Arts Center Acorn Theater The Actors' Temple Astor Place Theatre Barrow Street Theatre Baryshnikov Arts Center Cherry Lane Theatre Claire Tow Theater Daryl Roth Theatre Davenport Theatre The Duke on 42nd Street East 13th Street/CSC Theatre Elektra Theatre Gramercy Arts Theatre Gym at Judson Irish Repertory Theatre John Cullum Theatre Laura Pels Theatre Linda Gross Theater Lucille Lortel Theatre Lynn Redgrave Theater Manhattan
Manhattan
Movement & Arts Center Marjorie S. Deane Little Theater McGinn/Cazale Theater Minetta Lane Theatre Mitzi E. Newhouse Theater New York City Center-Stages I & II New York Theatre Workshop New Victory Theater New World Stages Orpheum Theatre Pershing Square Signature Center Players Theatre Playwrights Horizons The Public Theater St. Luke's Theatre SoHo Playhouse Stage 42 The Theater Center Theatre 80 Theatre at St. Clement's Theatre Row Building Tony Kiser Theater Triad Theater Vineyard Theatre Westside Theatre York Theatre

Defunct or repurposed

Bouwerie Lane Theatre Gate Theatre Gramercy Theatre Jane Street Theatre Julia Miles Theater Lamb's Theatre Manhattan
Manhattan
Ensemble Theater Mint Theater New Theatre Pearl Theatre Company Sheridan Square Playhouse Union Square Theatre V

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