The OENOTRIANS ("tribe led by
Oenotrus " or "people from the land of
vines - Οἰνωτρία") were an ancient people of uncertain origin
who inhabited a territory from
According to Pausanias and
Dionysius of Halicarnassus , Oenotria was
named after Oenotrus, the youngest of the fifty sons of Lycaon who
migrated there from
A likely derivation of the ethnonym OENOTRIAN would be the Greek
οἶνος (oinos), "wine", as the
Oenotrians inhabited a territory
rich in vineyards , with OENOTRIA (or ENOTRIA) being extended to refer
to the entirety of Southern
According to a traditionalist view, the Oenotrians represent the southern branch of a very old and different ethno-linguistic layer from the proto-Latin one, which would have occupied the Tyrrhenian area from Liguria to Sicily (Ligurian/Sicanian layer).
* King Italus
* ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece, Arcadia, 8.3.5 (Theoi
* ^ Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Roman Antiquities. Book I, 11-13
* ^ Virgil (2006). The Aeneid. New York: Penguin Classics. p. 65.
ISBN 9780143105138 .
* ^ οἶνος, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A
Greek-English Lexicon, on Perseus
* ^ McGee, Harold. On Food and Cooking: The Science and Lore of the
Kitchen. Simon and Schuster, 2004, ISBN 0-684-80001-2 , p. 716.