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OCTOBER is the tenth month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian Calendars and the sixth month to have the length of 31 days . The eighth month in the old Roman calendar
Roman calendar
, October
October
retained its name (from the Latin ôctō meaning "eight") after January
January
and February were inserted into the calendar that had originally been created by the Romans. In Ancient Rome
Ancient Rome
, one of three Mundus patet would take place on October
October
5, Meditrinalia October
October
11, Augustalia on October
October
12, October Horse on October
October
15, and Armilustrium on October
October
19. These dates do not correspond to the modern Gregorian calendar. Among the Anglo-Saxons , it was known as Winterfylleth , because at this full moon (fylleth) winter was supposed to begin.

October
October
is commonly associated with the season of autumn in the Northern hemisphere
Northern hemisphere
and spring in the Southern hemisphere
Southern hemisphere
, where it is the seasonal equivalent to April
April
in the Northern hemisphere
Northern hemisphere
and vice versa.

CONTENTS

* 1 October
October
observances

* 1.1 Non-Gregorian observances, 2017
2017

* 1.2 Month-long observances

* 1.2.1 United Kingdom

* 1.2.2 United States

* 1.2.2.1 United States, Health-related * 1.2.2.2 United States, Culinary

* 1.3 Movable observances

* 1.3.1 Last Week of September: September
September
25-Oct 1 * 1.3.2 First Full Week of October: October
October
2–8 * 1.3.3 First Sunday: October 2 * 1.3.4 First Monday: October 3 * 1.3.5 First Tuesday: October 4 * 1.3.6 First Wednesday: October 5 * 1.3.7 Wednesday of second full week in October: October 5 * 1.3.8 First Thursday: October 6 * 1.3.9 First Friday: October 7 * 1.3.10 Second Saturday: October 8 * 1.3.11 Second Sunday: October 9 * 1.3.12 Week of October
October
9: October
October
9–15 * 1.3.13 Week of October
October
10: October
October
9–15 * 1.3.14 Second Monday: October 10 * 1.3.15 Second Wednesday: October 12
October 12
* 1.3.16 Second Thursday in October: October 13 * 1.3.17 Second Friday: October 14 * 1.3.18 Third Saturday: October 15 * 1.3.19 Work day closest to October
October
16: October 17 * 1.3.20 Third Monday: October 17 * 1.3.21 Third Thursday: October 20 * 1.3.22 Fourth Saturday: October 22 * 1.3.23 Saturday closest to October
October
26: October 22 * 1.3.24 Second to last Sunday: October 23 * 1.3.25 Fourth Monday: October 24 * 1.3.26 Last Friday: October 28 * 1.3.27 Last Monday: October 31

* 1.4 Fixed observances

* 2 Miscellaneous * 3 October
October
symbols * 4 References * 5 External links

OCTOBER OBSERVANCES

This list does not necessarily imply either official status or general observance.

NON-GREGORIAN OBSERVANCES, 2017

(please note that all Jewish observances, which are set by the Hebrew calendar , begin at sunset the day prior to the date listed and end on the sunset of the date in question)

* October
October
19: Amavasya
Amavasya
( Hinduism
Hinduism
)

MONTH-LONG OBSERVANCES

* In Catholic Church
Catholic Church
tradition, October
October
is the Month
Month
of the Holy Rosary. * Breast Cancer Awareness Month
Month
* Health Literacy Month
Month
* International Walk to School Month
Month
* Medical Ultrasound Awareness Month
Month
* Rett Syndrome
Rett Syndrome
Awareness Month
Month
* World Blindness Awareness Month
Month

United Kingdom

* Black History Month
Month

United States

The last two to three weeks in October
October
(and, occasionally, the first week of November) are the only time of the year during which each of the "Big Four" major North American professional sports leagues schedule games; the National Basketball Association
National Basketball Association
begins its preseason and about two weeks later starts the regular season, the National Hockey League
National Hockey League
is about one month into its regular season, the National Football League
National Football League
is about halfway through its regular season, and Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball
is in its postseason with the League Championship Series and World Series
World Series
. (Additionally, the Canadian Football League is typically nearing the end of its regular season during this period, while Major League Soccer
Major League Soccer
is beginning the MLS Cup Playoffs .)

* National Adopt a Shelter Dog Month
Month
* National Arts "> October, from the Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry A shop in Derry
Derry
decorated for Halloween
Halloween
Halloween
Halloween
pumpkins

* October 1

* Armed Forces Day
Day
(South Korea) * Children\'s Day
Day
(El Salvador, Guatemala, Sri Lanka) * Day
Day
of Prosecutors (Azerbaijan) * Continuance of German American
German American
Heritage Month, which runs from September
September
15- October 15 * Continuance of National Hispanic Heritage Month
Month
(United States), which runs from September
September
15- October
October
15 * Independence Day
Day
(Cyprus) * Independence Day
Day
(Nigeria) , celebrates the independence of Nigeria from United Kingdom in 1960. * Independence Day
Day
(Palau, Tuvalu) * International Day
Day
of Older Persons * Lincolnshire Day
Day
(United Kingdom) * National Day
Day
of the People\'s Republic of China
Republic of China
(People's Republic of China) * Pancasila Sanctity Day
Day
(Indonesia) * Teacher\'s Day
Day
(Uzbekistan) * Unification Day
Day
(Cameroon) * World Vegetarian Day
Day

* October 2

* Batik Day
Day
(Indonesia)

* Feast of the Guardian Angels

* National Grandparents Day
Day
(Italy)

* Gandhi Jayanthi

* International Day
Day
of Non-Violence * World Day
Day
for Farmed Animals

* Independence Day
Day
(Guinea)

* October 3

* Gaecheonjeol (South Korea) * German Unity Day
Day
(Germany) * National Day
Day
(Iraq) * Soldiers\' Day
Day
(Honduras)

* October 4

* Cinnamon Roll Day
Day
(Sweden) * Day
Day
of Peace and Reconciliation (Mozambique) * Independence Day
Day
(Lesotho) * World Animal Day
Day
* The beginning of World Space Week ( October
October
4–10)

* October 5

* Armed Forces Day
Day
(Indonesia) * Constitution Day
Day
(Vanuatu) * Engineer\'s Day
Day
(Bolivia) * International Day
Day
of No Prostitution * Republic Day
Day
(Portugal) * Teachers\' Day
Day
(Pakistan) * Teachers\' Day
Day
(Russia) * World Teachers\' Day
Day

* October 6

* Day
Day
of Commemoration and National Mourning (Turkmenistan) * Dukla Pass Victims Day
Day
(Slovakia) * German-American Day
Day
(United States) * Memorial Day
Day
for the Martyrs of Arad (Hungary) * Teachers\' Day
Day
(Sri Lanka)

* Yom Kippur War
Yom Kippur War
commemorations:

* Armed Forces Day
Day
(Egypt) * Tishreen Liberation Day
Day
(Syria)

* October 7

* Nagasaki Kunchi ( Nagasaki
Nagasaki
, Japan, October
October
7–9) * Teacher\'s Day
Day
(Laos)

* October 8

* Air Force Day
Day
(India) * Arbor Day
Day
(Namibia) * Children\'s Day
Day
(Iran) * National Independence Day
Day
(Croatia) * Navy Day
Day
(Peru)

* October 9

* Hangul Day
Day
(South Korea) * Independence Day
Day
(Uganda) * Independence of Guayaquil (Ecuador) * Leif Erikson Day
Day
(United States, Iceland and Norway) * National Day
Day
of Commemorating the Holocaust (Romania) * Takayama Autumn Festival (Takayama , Japan) * World Post Day
Day
* Valencian Community Day
Day
(Spain)

* October 10

* Arbor Day
Day
(Poland) * Capital Liberation Day
Day
(Vietnam) * Double Ten Day
Day
Taiwan) * Fiji Day
Day
(Fiji) * Finnish Literature Day
Day
(Finland) * Independence Day
Day
(Cuba) * Party Foundation Day
Day
(North Korea) * World Mental Health Day
Day

* October 11

* General Pulaski Memorial Day
Day
(United States) * International Day
Day
of the Girl Child (International) * National Coming Out Day
Day
(multinational, including United States, United Kingdom and Switzerland among others) * Old Michaelmas Day
Day
(Celtic ) * Revolution Day
Day
(Republic of Macedonia)

* October 12
October 12

* Freethought Day
Day

* October
October
13

* October 14

* World Standards Day
Day

* October 15

* Breast Health Day
Day
(Europe) * Evacuation Day
Day
(Tunisia) * Global Handwashing Day
Day
* King Father\'s Commemoration Day
Day
(Cambodia) * National Latino AIDS Awareness Day
Day
(United States) * Pregnancy and Infant Loss Remembrance Day
Day
(United States and Canada) * Spirit Day
Day
( International observance ) * Teachers\' Day
Day
(Brazil) * White Cane Safety Day
Day
(United States)

* October 16

* World Food Day
Day

* October
October
17

* October 18

* Alaska
Alaska
Day
Day
( Alaska
Alaska
, United States) * Independence Day
Day
(Azerbaijan) * Necktie Day
Day
(Croatia) * Persons Day
Day
(Canada) * World Menopause Day
Day

* October 19

* Constitution Day
Day
( Niue
Niue
) * Mother Teresa Day
Day
(Albania)

* October 20

* Arbor Day
Day
(Czech Republic) * Heroes\' Day
Day
(Kenya) * Revolution Day
Day
(Guatemala) * Vietnamese Women\'s Day
Day
(Vietnam) * World Osteoporosis Day
Day
* World Statistics Day
Day

* October 21

* Apple Day
Day
(United Kingdom) * Armed Forces Day
Day
(Honduras) * Egyptian Naval Day
Day
(Egypt) * Indian Police Commemoration Day
Day
(India) * International Day
Day
of the Nacho * National Nurses\' Day
Day
(Thailand) * Ndadaye Day
Day
(Burundi) * Overseas Chinese Day
Day
(Republic of China) * Trafalgar Day
Day
(the British Empire
British Empire
in the 19th and early 20th century)

* October 22

* Fechner Day
Day
( International observance ) * International Caps Lock Day
Day
* International Stuttering Awareness Day
Day
* Jidai Matsuri ( Kyoto
Kyoto
, Japan) * Wombat Day
Day
(Australia)

* October 23

* Aviator\'s Day
Day
(Brazil) * Chulalongkorn Day
Day
(Thailand) * Day
Day
of the Macedonian Revolutionary Struggle (Republic of Macedonia) * Liberation Day
Day
(Libya) * Mole Day
Day
( International observance ) * National Day
Day
(Hungary) * Paris Peace Agreement Day
Day
(Cambodia)

* October 24

* Azad Kashmir Day
Day
(Pakistan) * Day
Day
of Special
Special
Forces of the Armed Forces (Russia) * Food Day
Day
(United States) * Independence Day
Day
(Zambia) * Suez Day
Day
(Egypt) * United Nations Day
Day
( International observance ) * World Development Information Day
Day
* World Polio Day
Day

* October 25

* Armed Forces Day
Day
(Romania) * Constitution Day
Day
(Lithuania) * Customs Officer\'s Day
Day
(Russia) * Day
Day
of the Basque Country (Basque Country ) * Retrocession Day
Day
(Taiwan) * Sovereignty Day
Day
(Slovenia) * Thanksgiving
Thanksgiving
Day
Day
(Grenada) * The Hallowing of Nestorius ( Eastern Orthodox
Eastern Orthodox
Christianity)

* October 26

* Intersex Awareness Day
Day
(United States)

* October 27

* Black Cat Appreciation Day
Day
(United Kingdom) * Černová Tragedy Day
Day
(Slovakia) * Flag Day
Day
(Greece) * Independence Day
Day
(Saint Vincent and the Grenadines) * Independence Day
Day
(Turkmenistan) * Navy Day
Day
(United States) (unofficial, official date is October
October
13) * World Day
Day
for Audiovisual Heritage

* October 28

* Day
Day
of the Establishment of an Independent Czecho-Slovak State (Czech Republic and Slovakia) * International Animation Day
Day
* Ohi Day
Day
(Greece, Cyprus) * Prefectural Earthquake Disaster Prevention Day
Day
( Gifu Prefecture
Gifu Prefecture
, Japan) * Youth Pledge Day
Day
(Indonesia)

* October 29

* Coronation Day
Day
(Cambodia) * Cyrus the Great Day
Day
(Iran) * National Cat Day
Day
(United States) * Republic Day
Day
(Turkey) * World Stroke Day
Day

* October 30

* Anniversary of the Declaration of the Slovak Nation (Slovakia) * Day
Day
of Remembrance of the Victims of Political Repressions (former Soviet republics , except Ukraine) * Indonesian Banknote Day
Day
(Indonesia) * International Orthopaedic Nurses Day
Day

* Mischief Night (United States and Canada)

* Beggars Night
Beggars Night
(certain regions of the United States) * Devil\'s Night ( Michigan
Michigan
, United States)

* Thevar Jayanthi ( Thevar community , India)

* October 31

* Día de la Canción Criolla (Peru)

* Eve of Winter, the eve of the first day of winter in the Northern hemisphere:

* Allantide
Allantide
( Cornwall
Cornwall
, United Kingdom) * The first day of the Day
Day
of the Dead , celebrated until November
November
2 (Mexico) * Halloween
Halloween
(English-speaking countries, also in other locations ) * Hop-tu-Naa
Hop-tu-Naa
( Isle of Man
Isle of Man
, United Kingdom) * Samhain
Samhain
in the Northern Hemisphere, Beltane in the Southern Hemisphere; begins on sunset of October 31 (Gaels , Welsh people
Welsh people
and Neopagan
Neopagan
Wheel of the Year
Year
)

* Girl Scouts Founders Day
Day
(United States) * King Father\'s Birthday (Cambodia) * National Unity Day
Day
(India) * Reformation Day
Day
(Slovenia, parts of Germany, Chile, El Salvador, Dominican Republic, Evangelical Churches and Lutheran Churches ) * Saci day (Brazil) * World Savings Day
Day

MISCELLANEOUS

* Eric Whitacre composed a piece based on this month, titled October . * Neil Gaiman
Neil Gaiman
wrote a story personifying the month, titled "October in the Chair", for his 2006 collection Fragile Things . * Ray Bradbury
Ray Bradbury
published a collection of short stories titled The October
October
Country in 1955.

OCTOBER SYMBOLS

The calendula

* October's birthstones are the tourmaline and opal . * Its birth flower is the calendula . * The zodiac signs for this month are Libra (until October
October
22) and Scorpio (from October
October
23).

October
October
Star Stones:

* Libra (Sept. 22 to Oct. 22)

Planetary Stone: Sapphire; Lucky Charms: Opal, Sardonyx, Chrysolite; birthstone: pink Tourmaline, Opal
Opal

* Scorpio (Oct. 23 to Nov. 21)

Planetary Stone: Garnet, Ruby; Lucky Charms: Aquamarine, Beryl

* October
October
Lokesh birthstone is roser. * October
October
Mystical birthstone is Jasper. * October
October
Ayurvedic Birthstone
Birthstone
is Opal.

REFERENCES

* ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "October". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. * ^ http://www.hindu-blog.com/2009/01/amavasi-days-in-2009-amavasya-no-moon.html * ^ "CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Special
Special
Devotions For Months". Newadvent.org. Retrieved 2012-10-24. * ^ http://www.healthliteracymonth.org/ * ^ http://www.sdms.org/resources/muam * ^ http://www.rettsyndrome.org/get-involved/october-awareness-month * ^ Archived February
February
8, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^ " October
October
is Adopt a Shelter Dog Month". ASPCA. Retrieved 2014-10-17. * ^ http://www.staysafeonline.info/content/about-ncsam Archived October
October
5, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^ "Italian Heritage and Culture Month". Italyculturemonth.org. Retrieved 2011-11-01. * ^ "American Pharmacists Month
Month
2011". Pharmacist.com. Retrieved 2011-11-01. * ^ "Little People of America". * ^ "Eczema Awareness Month
Month
- National Eczema Association". National Eczema Association. * ^ "ADHA – October
October
is National Dental Hygiene Month". Adha.org. Retrieved 2011-11-01. * ^ National Down Syndrome
Down Syndrome
Society – October
October
is Down Syndrome Awareness Month
Month
Archived February
February
25, 2008, at the Wayback Machine