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A JOB, or OCCUPATION, is a person 's role in society. More specifically, a job is an activity, often regular and performed in exchange for payment ("for a living"). Many people have multiple jobs (e.g., parent, homemaker, and employee). A person can begin a job by becoming an employee , volunteering , starting a business , or becoming a parent . The duration of a job may range from temporary (e.g., hourly odd jobs) to a lifetime (e.g., judges ).

An activity that requires a person's mental or physical effort is work (as in "a day's work"). If a person is trained for a certain type of job, they may have a profession . Typically, a job would be a subset of someone's career . The two may differ in that one usually retires from their career, versus resignation or termination from a job.

CONTENTS

* 1 Jobs for people

* 2 Types of jobs

* 2.1 Day job * 2.2 Getting a job * 2.3 Use of the word

* 3 Occupation and life expectancy * 4 See also

* 5 References

* 5.1 Citations * 5.2 Sources

JOBS FOR PEOPLE

Most people spend up to forty or more hours each week in paid employment. Some exceptions are children, retirees , and people with disabilities ; However, within these groups, many will work part-time, volunteer , or work as a homemaker . From the age of 5 or so, many children's primary role in society(and therefore their 'job') is to learn and study as a student .

TYPES OF JOBS

Jobs can be categorized, by the hours per week, into full time or part time . They can be categorized as temporary , odd jobs , seasonal , self-employment , consulting , or contract employment.

Jobs can be categorized as paid or unpaid. Examples of unpaid jobs include volunteer, homemaker, mentor, student, and sometimes intern.

Jobs can be categorized by the level of experience required: entry level , intern , and co-op .

Some jobs require specific training or an academic degree .

Those without paid full-time employment may be categorized as unemployed or underemployed if they are seeking a full-time paid job.

Moonlighting is the practice of holding an additional job or jobs, often at night, in addition to one's main job, usually to earn extra income. A person who moonlights may have little time left for sleep or leisure activities.

The Office for National Statistics
Office for National Statistics
in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
lists 27,966 different job titles, within a website published 2015.

DAY JOB

The expression DAY JOB is often used for a job one works in order to make ends meet while performing low-paying (or non-paying) work in their preferred vocation . Archetypal examples of this are the woman who works as a waitress (her day job) while she tries to become an actress , and the professional athlete who works as a laborer in the off season because he is currently only able to make the roster of a semi-professional team.

While many people do hold a full-time occupation, "day job" specifically refers to those who hold the position solely to pay living expenses so they can pursue, through low paying entry work, the job they really want (which may also be during the day). The phrase strongly implies that the day job would be quit, if only the real vocation paid a living wage.

The phrase "don't quit your day job" is a humorous response to a poor or mediocre performance not up to professional caliber. The phrase implies that the performer is not talented enough in that activity to be able to make a career out of it.

GETTING A JOB

Further information: Job hunting and Employment
Employment

Getting a first job is an important rite of passage in many cultures . The youth may start by doing household work , odd jobs , or working for a family business . In many countries, school children get summer jobs during the longer summer vacation . Students enrolled in higher education can apply for internships or coops to further enhance the probability of securing an entry level job upon graduation.

Résumés summarize a person's education and job experience for potential employers . Employers read job candidate résumés to decide whom to interview for an open position.

USE OF THE WORD

Workers often talk of "getting a job", or "having a job". This conceptual metaphor of a "job" as a possession has led to its use in slogans such as "money for jobs, not bombs". Similar conceptions are that of "land" as a possession (real estate ) or intellectual rights as a possession (intellectual property ).

OCCUPATION AND LIFE EXPECTANCY

Manual work seems to shorten one's lifespan. High rank (a higher position at the pecking order) has a positive effect. Professions that cause anxiety have a direct negative impact on health and lifespan. Some data is more complex to interpret due to the various reasons of long life expectancy; thus skilled professionals, employees with secure jobs and low anxiety occupants may live a long life for variant reasons. The more positive characteristics one's job is, the more likely he or she will have a longer lifespan. Gender, country, and actual (what statistics reveal, not what people believe) danger are also notable parameters.

SEE ALSO

* Employment
Employment
* Job analysis * Job interview
Job interview
* Job performance * Job satisfaction * Labor economics
Labor economics
* Unemployment
Unemployment
* Wage labor

REFERENCES

CITATIONS

* ^ Office for National Statistics
Office for National Statistics
- FOI Request: List of all the occupations noted in the UK published by The Crown
The Crown
2015 * ^ Afsara, Mahi. "চাকরী খোঁজার আগে - Before Job
Job
Search". Newspaper1971.com. Newspaper1971 Magazine, Bangladesh. Retrieved 24 April 2016. * ^ http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/1567252/Why-accountants-live-longer-than-builders.html * ^ https://www.metlife.com/assets/cao/mmi/publications/studies/mmi-living-longer-working-longer.pdf * ^ http://www.careercast.com/jobs-rated/most-stressful-jobs-2014 * ^ http://www.wisebread.com/5-jobs-proven-to-make-you-live-longer * ^ https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2014/nov/11/-sp-questionnaire-what-job-would-make-you-happiest * ^ http://www.careercast.com/jobs-rated/whistling-while-you-work-10-most-satisfying-careers * ^ http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2240855/How-does-nation-rank-world-map-life-expectancy.html * ^ https://www.theguardian.com/money/2015/oct/21/find-out-how-your-gender-and-job-will-affect-your-life-expectancy * ^ http://io9.gizmodo.com/5857406/jobs-that-kill

SOURCES

* Davis, Steven; Haltiwanger, John ; Schuh, Scott (1998), Job Creation and Destruction, MIT Press
MIT Press
, ISBN 978-0-262-54093-3 * Granovetter, Mark (1995), Getting a Job: A Study of Contacts and Careers, University of Chicago Press, ISBN 978-0-226-30581-3 * Joshel, Sandra (1992), Work, Identity, and Legal Status at Rome: A Study of the Occupational Inscriptions, University of Oklahoma Press, ISBN 978-0-8061-2444-5 * Kranzberg, Melvin ; Gies, Joseph (1986), By the Sweat of Thy Brow: Work in the Western World, Greenwood Press, ISBN 978-0-313-25323-2 * Miller, Ann Ratner; Treiman, Donald; Cain, Pamela; Roos, Pamela (1980), Work, Jobs, and Occupations: a critical review of the Dictionary of Occupational Titles, National Academy Press * Orr, Julian Edgerton (1996), Talking about Machines: An Ethnography of a Modern Job, Cornell University Press, ISBN 978-0-8014-8390-5 * Robinson, Tony ; Willcock, David (2005), The Worst Jobs in History : Two Thousand Years of Miserable Employment, Pan Macmillan, ISBN 978-0-330-43857-5 * Roebuck, Carl (1969), The Muses at Work: arts, crafts, and professions in ancient Greece and Rome, MIT Press
MIT Press
* Morse, Nancy; Weiss, Robert (1955). "The Function and Meaning of Work and the Job". American Sociological Review. 20 (2): 191–198. doi :10.2307/2088325 . JSTOR
JSTOR
2088325 .

* v * t * e

Employment
Employment

CLASSIFICATIONS

* Casual * Contingent * Full-time * Part-time * Self-employed * Skilled * Independent contractor
Independent contractor
* Temporary * Tenure * Unskilled * Wage labour
Wage labour

HIRING

* Application * Background check * Business
Business
networking * Contract * Cover letter * Curriculum Vitae (CV) * Drug testing * e-recruitment * Employment
Employment
counsellor * Executive search * Induction programme * Job fair
Job fair
* Job fraud * Job hunting * Job interview
Job interview
* Labour brokering * Overqualification * Onboarding
Onboarding
* Personality-job fit theory * Person-environment fit * Probation * Reference * Résumé
Résumé
* Simultaneous recruiting of new graduates
Simultaneous recruiting of new graduates
* Underemployment
Underemployment
* Work-at-home scheme

ROLES

* Co-op * Employee
Employee
* Employer
Employer
* Internship * Job
Job
* Permanent * Permatemp * Supervisor
Supervisor
* Volunteer

WORKER CLASS

* Blue-collar * Gold-collar * Green-collar * Grey-collar * Pink-collar * White-collar

CAREER AND TRAINING

* Apprenticeship
Apprenticeship
* Avocation * Career assessment * Career counseling * Career development * Coaching * Creative class

* Education
Education

* Continuing education * Continuing professional development * E-learning * Employability * Further education * Graduate school
Graduate school
* Induction training * Initial Professional Development * Knowledge worker
Knowledge worker
* Licensure * Lifelong learning * Practice-based professional learning * Professional association * Professional certification * Professional development * Professional school * Reflective practice * Retraining * Vocational education
Vocational education
* Vocational school
Vocational school
* Vocational university
Vocational university

* Mentorship
Mentorship
* Occupational Outlook Handbook * Practice firm * Profession
Profession
* Tradesman
Tradesman
* Vocation

ATTENDANCE

* Break * Career break * Furlough * Gap year * Leave of absence * Long service leave * No call, no show * Sabbatical * Sick leave * Time clock
Time clock

SCHEDULES

* Four-day week * Eight-hour day
Eight-hour day
* Flextime * Overtime * Retroactive overtime * Shift work
Shift work
* Telecommuting * Working time
Working time
* Workweek and weekend
Workweek and weekend

WAGES AND SALARIES

* Income bracket * Income tax
Income tax
* Living wage
Living wage
* Maximum wage

* National average salary

* World * Europe

* Minimum wage
Minimum wage

* Canada * Hong Kong * Europe * United States

* Progressive wage

* Singapore

* Overtime rate * Paid time off * Performance-related pay * Salary
Salary
* Salary
Salary
cap * Working poor
Working poor

BENEFITS

* Annual leave * Casual Friday * Day care
Day care
* Disability
Disability
insurance * Health insurance
Health insurance
* Life insurance
Life insurance
* Parental leave
Parental leave
* Pension
Pension
* Sick leave * Take-home vehicle
Take-home vehicle

SAFETY AND HEALTH

* Epilepsy and employment * Human factors and ergonomics * Industrial noise
Industrial noise
* Karōshi * Protective clothing
Protective clothing
* Occupational burnout * Occupational disease * Occupational exposure limit * Occupational health psychology * Occupational injury * Occupational stress
Occupational stress
* Repetitive strain injury
Repetitive strain injury
* Sick building syndrome

* Work accident

* Occupational fatality

* Workers\' compensation * Workplace phobia * Workplace wellness
Workplace wellness

EQUALITY

* Affirmative action * Equal pay for women * Gender pay gap
Gender pay gap
* Glass ceiling
Glass ceiling

INFRACTIONS

* Corporate abuse

* Accounting scandals * Corporate behaviour * Corporate crime * Control fraud * Corporate scandals

* Discrimination * Dress code
Dress code
* Employee
Employee
handbook * Employee
Employee
monitoring * Evaluation * Labour law
Labour law
* Sexual harassment
Sexual harassment
* Sleeping while on duty
Sleeping while on duty
* Wage
Wage
theft * Whistleblower
Whistleblower
* Workplace bullying * Workplace harassment
Workplace harassment
* Workplace incivility

WILLINGNESS

* Boreout * Civil conscription * Conscription
Conscription
* Dead-end job * Extreme careerism * Job satisfaction * Organizational commitment * McJob * Refusal of work
Refusal of work

* Slavery
Slavery

* Bonded labour * Human trafficking
Human trafficking
* Labour camp * Penal labour
Penal labour
* Peonage * Truck system
Truck system
* Unfree labour
Unfree labour
* Wage
Wage
slavery

* Workaholic * Work aversion * Work ethic
Work ethic

* Work–life balance

* Downshifting
Downshifting
* Slow living

TERMINATION

* At-will employment
At-will employment

* Dismissal

* Banishment room * Constructive dismissal * Wrongful dismissal

* Employee
Employee
exit management * Exit interview * Layoff * Notice period * Pink slip

* Resignation

* Letter of resignation

* Restructuring

* Retirement
Retirement

* Mandatory retirement * Retirement
Retirement
age

* Severance package

* Golden handshake * Golden parachute

* Turnover

UNEMPLOYMENT

* Barriers to Employment
Employment

* Depression

* Great Depression
Great Depression
* Long Depression
Long Depression

* Discouraged worker * Frictional unemployment * Full employment
Full employment
* Graduate unemployment * Involuntary unemployment
Involuntary unemployment
* Jobless recovery * Phillips curve
Phillips curve

* Recession
Recession

* Great Recession
Recession
* Great Recession
Recession
job losses * List of recessions * Recession-proof job

* Reserve army of labour
Reserve army of labour
* Types of unemployment * Unemployment
Unemployment
Convention * Unemployment
Unemployment
benefits * Unemployment
Unemployment
extension * Unemployment
Unemployment
insurance

* Unemployment
Unemployment
rates

* Employment
Employment
rates * Employment-to-population ratio
Employment-to-population ratio

* Structural unemployment * Technological unemployment
Technological unemployment
* Wage
Wage
curve * Youth unemployment
Youth unemployment

See also templates

* Aspects of corporations * Aspects of jobs * Aspects of occupations * Aspects of organizations * Aspects of workplaces * Corporate titles * Organized labor

* v * t * e

Aspects of jobs

TOPICS

* Analysis * Attitude * Control * Description * Description management * Embeddedness * Enlargement * Enrichment * Fair * Fraud * Hunting * Interview * Lock * Performance * Rotation * Satisfaction * Security * Shadow * Sharing * Strain * Wrapping

SEE ALSO

* Corporation
Corporation
* Employment
Employment
* Factory
Factory
* Job * Office
Office
* Organization
Organization
*