Obion River system is the primary surface water drainage system of
CSX railroad bridge crossing Middle Fork of
Obion River NW of Gleason,
The Obion has four major forks, the North Fork, Middle Fork, South
Fork and Rutherford Fork (which is named after the town of
Rutherford). The confluences of these forks are only a few miles above
the mouth of the Obion's discharge into the Mississippi River. For the
greater parts of their lengths, the forks exist as separate streams.
In the mid-20th century, the Obion system was largely channelized for
agricultural purposes, under the auspices of the Obion-Forked Deer
Basin Authority, a
Tennessee state agency which coordinated this work
United States Army
United States Army Corps of Engineers. Some of the results of
channelization included increasing erosion, loss of wildlife habitat,
and increased flooding downstream. With the restoration of wetlands,
this process has now been halted and – in a few places – even
The origin of the name "Obion" is obscure, with some contending that
it derives from a Native American word and others that it represents a
corruption of the name of an Irish trapper, O'Bion or, perhaps,
Obion County, Tennessee, is named after the Obion River.
After the 1818
Chickasaw cession of West
Tennessee (known in Kentucky
as Jackson Purchase)
Davy Crockett moved to the South Fork Obion
River, until his later move to Texas.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Obion River.
U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Obion
Coordinates: 35°54′27″N 89°38′20″W / 35.90750°N
89.63889°W / 3