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Oberkochen
Oberkochen
is a town (officially a city, despite its size) in the Ostalbkreis, in Baden-Württemberg, in Germany, central Europe.

Contents

1 Name 2 Geography 3 History

3.1 Timeline 3.2 Schultheiß
Schultheiß
and mayors of Oberkochen 3.3 Population 3.4 Coat of arms

4 Infrastructure

4.1 Transportation 4.2 Education 4.3 Sacred buildings

5 Economy 6 International relations 7 Honorary citizens 8 Trivia 9 References 10 External links

Name[edit] The name "Oberkochen" consists of the two German words "ober"; meaning "above" or "upper" and "Kocher"; the name of the local river. The name indicates, that this settlement lies above the river Kocher
Kocher
or on its upper part, which makes sense, because the river Kocher
Kocher
has its spring right to the south of Oberkochen
Oberkochen
and runs to the north. Therefore, the village next to the north of Oberkochen
Oberkochen
is Unterkochen; from the German "unter" meaning "lower" or "under" and the name of the river again. Geography[edit] Oberkochen
Oberkochen
is located in and above the valleys of the rivers Kocher and Langertbach between the area of Albuch in the west and north and the area of Härtsfeld in the east. The highest point in the area of Oberkochen
Oberkochen
is the top of the Volkmarsberg
Volkmarsberg
mountain (743 m above sea level). Directly south of the city the river Kocher
Kocher
has its origin. The city consists of two main parts: the downtown area with the city center, Spitztal, Lenzhalde and Brunnenhalde and the Heide area, which lies 100 m above the city on a hill to the northeast. History[edit] Timeline[edit] (all dates after christ)

year event

1137 first mentioning of the name "Cochon" in a table of goods of the Ellwangen
Ellwangen
Abbey

1147 first mentioning of the name "Kochen" in modern spelling

1337 first mentioning of the name "Oberkochen" in the table of goods of the Ellwangen
Ellwangen
Abbey

1343 first parish in Oberkochen

1535 a general set of village rules is formulated

1551 blast furnace is established on the source of the river Kocher

1578 Oberkochen
Oberkochen
gets a new detailed set of village rules

1582 until 1583. Construction and consecrating of the first Protestant church

1650 until around 1710. Arrival of Austrian settlers

1698 boundary description of the Oberkochen
Oberkochen
district

1725 oil mill on the "Ölweiher" (German for "oil pond")

1840 nearly 30 potters (German: "Hafner") are working in Oberkochen

1864 opening of the railway line Aalen-Ulm

1876 founding of the "Württembergische Holzbohrerfabrik A. Leitz" predecessor of the present-day "Leitz GmbH & Co. KG" in Oberkochen

1916 connection to the national water supply

1945 allied bombings of Oberkochen
Oberkochen
during World War II

1946 the company Carl Zeiss is relocated in Oberkochen
Oberkochen
after the partly emigration from Jena

1967 new town hall is opened

1968 Oberkochen
Oberkochen
becomes officially a city (June 29)

2006 The Carl Zeiss SMT
Carl Zeiss SMT
opens a new factory with 2,500 employees in the intercommunal industrial area Oberkochen-Königsbronn

Schultheiß
Schultheiß
and mayors of Oberkochen[edit] From 1553 until Feb 25th 1803 Oberkochen
Oberkochen
had two Schultheißen, one of the catholic Ellwangen
Ellwangen
and one of the Protestant
Protestant
würtembergian Königsbronn. Since 1933 Oberkochen
Oberkochen
has a mayor, who wears a livery collar since Oberkochen
Oberkochen
became a city in 1968. The collar was donated by trade, commerce, industry and liberal professions.

year title name

1803 Schultheiß Johann Sebastian Gold (Ellwangen) and Kaspar Scheerer (Württemberg)

1809 Schultheiß Kaspar Scheerer (alone)

1830 Schultheiß Sigmnund Jonathan Maier (also surgeon)

1849 Schultheiß Michael Wingert (also master bricklayer)

1889 Schultheiß Johannes Betzler

1901 Schultheiß Alois Butscher

1903 Schultheiß Franz Anton Bucher

1905 Schultheiß Richard Frank

1933 mayor Otto Heidenreich

1945 mayor Richard Frank (same person as Schultheiß
Schultheiß
in 1905)

1946 mayor Rudolf Eber

1948 mayor Gustav Bosch

1977 mayor Harald Gentsch

since 1993 mayor Peter Traub

Population[edit] During the Thirty Years' War
Thirty Years' War
(1618–1648) the population of Oberkochen
Oberkochen
was reduced from c. 500 to c. 100 inhabitants. It took nearly 200 years to reach a population of 500 again. In the 19th century the population saw a greater rise due to the industrialisation. The next remarkable growth took place after World War II, when the population quadrupled from 2,000 to 8,000 people in just 20 years. One of the main reasons for this growth was the relocation and expansion of the company Carl Zeiss. In 1968 Oberkochen
Oberkochen
became officially a city, which is remarkable, because at this time a population of 10,000 people was a condition for towns in Germany
Germany
to become a city. The reason for the premature change in the status of Oberkochen
Oberkochen
was the intense growth of the population prior to 1968, which made the mayor Gustav Bosch, as well as the responsible authorities believe, that a population of 10,000 would be reached soon. Therefore, the change of the status of Oberkochen
Oberkochen
from town to city was applied for and finally granted. Despite these expectations and actions the population stalled instead and even saw a slight decrease. Today, there are more commuters working in Oberkochen
Oberkochen
than working people living there.

year population foreigners[2]

1618 c. 500 n/a

1648 c. 100 n/a

1830 630 n/a

1880 1,202 n/a

1900 1,176[3] n/a

1925 1,512 n/a

1939 2,002 n/a

1950 3,681 n/a

1961 7,979 127

1970 8,648 360

1980 8,118 547

1990 8,446 682

1995 8,589 830

2000 8,271 764

2005 8,206 844

2008 8,040 859

2009 7,915 864

2010 7,816 856

2011 7,755 651

2012 7,815 713

2013 7,833[4] 742

Coat of arms[edit]

The blazon of the coat of arms spells: "In blue three (2:1) golden roses." (German: "In Blau drei (2:1) goldene Rosen.") The coat of arms was introduced in 1968 and is based on the one of the "Görig von Kochen" from 1404. He owned several pieces of land in Oberkochen. The colours were chosen without historic meaning. Infrastructure[edit] Transportation[edit] Oberkochen
Oberkochen
can be reached by using the Bundesstraße
Bundesstraße
19 ("B 19"), which runs along the Kocher-Brenz-Valley from north to south. Oberkochen
Oberkochen
has two junctions to the Bundesstraße, Oberkochen-North ("Oberkochen-Nord") and Oberkochen-South ("Oberkochen-Süd"). The nearest Autobahn
Autobahn
is the Bundesautobahn 7
Bundesautobahn 7
with the Aalen-Oberkochen-junction, which is reached via the B19 and L1084 after a 11 km drive from Oberkochen. Oberkochen
Oberkochen
has no traffic lights. The traffic is mainly reglemented by the priority to the right rule, roundabouts and crosswalks. By train Oberkochen
Oberkochen
is connected through the Brenz Railway, which is used by the Regional-Express
Regional-Express
of the DB Regio
DB Regio
company. The nearest connection to national and international train services is made via the Aalen
Aalen
railroad station, which is 10 km away from Oberkochen and has a direct link to it. The railroad station of Oberkochen
Oberkochen
has two platforms and is friendly for disabled persons, i.e. people using wheelchairs, through an elevator. It is possible to buy tickets for the train on a ticket machine located on the platforms. Oberkochen
Oberkochen
does not have an own airport. The nearest airport with regular national transportation is the Stuttgart Airport
Stuttgart Airport
(IATA: STR, ICAO: EDDS) which is a 90 km drive by car away from Oberkochen. Education[edit] Oberkochen
Oberkochen
has three municipal and one Roman-Catholic
Roman-Catholic
kindergarten. There are two primary schools, the Tiersteinschule and the Dreißentalschule, which also contains a Realschule, Werkrealschule, Hauptschule
Hauptschule
and Musikschule (music school). There is a Förderschule, the Sonnenbergschule also. The local Gymnasium is the Ernst-Abbe-Gymnasium, named after the scientist Ernst Abbe. Oberkochen has no university and the next university can be found in Aalen. The local folk high school is located in the building of the city hall. For a wider set of courses there is also a folk high school in Aalen. The municipal library was installed in the old Protestant church. It contains 19.000 media volumes and faces over 40.000 check outs per year. Sacred buildings[edit] The St.-Peter-und-Paul-Kirche (German for: St. Peter and Paul Church) is the local Roman-Catholic
Roman-Catholic
church and was consecrated October 25, 1900. This church was the replacement for an older church from the Baroque period. The local Protestant
Protestant
church is the Versöhnungskirche (German for: Reconciliation Church), which was consecrated in 1968. The predecessor of this church became the local library. Despite the growing Muslim community there is no mosque in Oberkochen. The nearest mosque can be found in Aalen. Economy[edit] After World War II, the allied troops moved parts of the Carl Zeiss Company in Jena
Jena
to Oberkochen. Today, the headquarters of the Carl Zeiss AG are located in Oberkochen. Another important business is the Leitz company, which is the world-leading manufacturer for wood-processing tools. International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Germany Oberkochen
Oberkochen
is twinned with:

Dives-sur-Mer, France, since 1984 Montebelluna, Italy, since 1992 Mátészalka, Hungary, since 2008

Honorary citizens[edit]

awarded name profession born-died

1893 Karl Fröhner head forester ("Oberförster") 1844-1898

1894 Franz Breitenbach parson 1819-1900

1909 Emil Bucher parson 1870-1949

1909 Carl Weiger head forester ("Oberförster") 1843-1911

1953 Josef Schmid manufacturer 1887-1960

1955 Albert Bäuerle manufacturer 1901-1979

1968 Dr. Gerhard Kühn member of the board of the company Carl Zeiss 1902-1990

1968 Dr. Heinz Küppenbender member of the board of the company Carl Zeiss 1901-1989

1978 Gustav Bosch mayor of Oberkochen 1914-1979

2001 Dr. Gert Littmann member of the board of the company Carl Zeiss 1927-

2004 Dr. Dieter Brucklacher entrepreneur 1939-

2010 Bruno Balle merchant 1936-

2011 Dietrich Bantel "Gymnasialprofessor a.D." 1935-

Trivia[edit]

Oberkochen
Oberkochen
has not a single traffic light. It is the only such city in Germany. There is a Christmas market
Christmas market
in Oberkochen. It is open on a single day in the year. The local museum of Oberkochen
Oberkochen
can be visited on 12 days each year. On the first Sunday of each month.

References[edit]

^ "Gemeinden in Deutschland nach Fläche, Bevölkerung und Postleitzahl am 30.09.2016". Statistisches Bundesamt
Statistisches Bundesamt
(in German). 2016.  ^ Fläche, Bevölkerung - Statistisches Landesamt Baden -Württemberg(online) ^ Fläche, Bevölkerung - Statistisches Landesamt Baden -Württemberg(online) ^ Jahresbericht 2013 in Zahlen. In: Bürger und Gemeinde. Amtsblatt der Stadt Oberkochen. 60. Jahrg., Nr. 51/52, 20. Dezember 2013, S. 961. (online)

External links[edit]

Official site (in German)

v t e

Towns and municipalities in Ostalb (district)

Aalen Abtsgmünd Adelmannsfelden Bartholomä Böbingen (Rems) Bopfingen Durlangen Ellenberg Ellwangen Eschach Essingen Göggingen Gschwend Heubach Heuchlingen Hüttlingen Iggingen Jagstzell Kirchheim am Ries Lauchheim Leinzell Lorch Mögglingen Mutlangen Neresheim Neuler Obergröningen Oberkochen Rainau Riesbürg Rosenberg Ruppertshofen Schechingen Schwäbisch Gmünd Spraitbach Stödtlen Täferrot Tannhausen Unterschneidheim Waldstetten Westhausen Wört

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 126144687 GND: 4042939-8 BNF: cb1216

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