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Oberhausen
Oberhausen
(German pronunciation: [ˈoːbɐhaʊzn̩] ( listen)) is a city on the river Emscher in the Ruhr Area, Germany, located between Duisburg
Duisburg
and Essen
Essen
(c. 13 km or 8.1 mi). The city hosts the International Short Film Festival Oberhausen
Oberhausen
and its Gasometer Oberhausen
Gasometer Oberhausen
is an anchor point of the European Route of Industrial Heritage.

Contents

1 History 2 Demographics 3 Gallery 4 International relations

4.1 Twin towns – Sister cities

5 Notable residents

5.1 Born before 1935 5.2 Born after 1935

6 References 7 External links

History[edit] Oberhausen
Oberhausen
was named for its 1847 railway station which had taken its name from the Oberhausen
Oberhausen
Castle (German: Schloss Oberhausen). The new borough was formed in 1862 following inflow of people for the local coal mines and steel mills. Awarded town rights in 1874, Oberhausen absorbed several neighbouring boroughs including Alstaden, parts of Styrum
Styrum
and Dümpten in 1910. Oberhausen
Oberhausen
became a city in 1901, and they incorporated the towns of Sterkrade and Osterfeld in 1929. The Ruhrchemie AG synthetic oil plant ("Oberhausen-Holten" or "Sterkrade/Holten")[2] was a bombing target of the Oil Campaign of World War II, and the US Forces had reached the plant by 4 April 1945. In 1973 Thyssen employed 14,000 people in Oberhausen
Oberhausen
in the steel industry, but ten years later the number had fallen to 6,000.[3] In 1954 the city began hosting the International Short Film Festival Oberhausen, and the 1982 Deutscher Filmpreis was awarded to a group that wrote the Oberhausen
Oberhausen
Manifesto. Demographics[edit] The age breakdown of the population (2013) is:[4]

<18 years 15.6%

18–64 years 63.3%

>64 years 21.1%

There were 12.5% non-Germans living in Oberhausen, as of 2014.[5] The unemployment rate is 10.0% (Dec 2015).[6] Migrant communities in Oberhausen :

 Turkey 8,602

 Italy 1,950

 Poland 1,742

 Bosnia 1,300

 Syria 1,118

 Macedonia 702

Gallery[edit]

Oberhausen
Oberhausen
Hauptbahnhof

Gasometer

Castle Oberhausen
Oberhausen
as seen from the Gasometer

Courthouse

Baumeister-Mill

Kastell Holten

Ruhr meadows in Oberhausen-Alstaden

CentrO
CentrO
shopping mall

Schloss Oberhausen
Oberhausen
– inner courtyard with little castle

International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Germany Twin towns – Sister cities[edit] Oberhausen
Oberhausen
is twinned with:[7]

Middlesbrough, United Kingdom, since 1974[8] Zaporizhia, Ukraine, since 1986[9] Freital, Germany, since 1990 Carbonia, Italy, since 2002 Iglesias, Italy, since 2002 Mersin, Turkey, since 2004

Notable residents[edit] [citation needed] Born before 1935[edit]

Georg Schaltenbrand (1897–1979), author, neurologist and Multiple Sclerosis specialist Reni Erkens (1909–1987), swimmer, Summer Olympics 1928 Wilhelm Brinkmann (1910–1991), field handball player Erich Kempka
Erich Kempka
(1910–1975), SS-officer and Adolf Hitler's driver Werner Töniges
Werner Töniges
(1910–1995), naval officer Willy Jürissen (1912–1990), German national football team Édouard Wawrzyniak (1912–1991), French national football team Will Quadflieg (1914–2003), actor Alf Marholm
Alf Marholm
(1918–2006), actor, radio plays, audio books and voice Arnulf Zitelmann (born 1929), writer Paul Lange (1931–2016), kayaker, Olympic champion Karl-Heinz Feldkamp (born 1934), football player and trainer Hans Wagner (1934–1993), politician (CDU), member of parliament (North Rhine-Westphalia) Wilhelm Keim (born 1934), chemist and professor for technical chemistry

Born after 1935[edit]

Theo Vennemann (born 1937), linguist and professor of German and theoretical linguistics Hans Siemensmeyer (born 1940), football player and coach Wolf-Dieter Ahlenfelder (1944–2014), football referee Tilman Spengler (born 1947), writer and journalist, author and co-editor of the magazine Kursbuch Eckhard Stratmann-Mertens (born 1948), teacher and politician (Alliance '90 / The Greens), Member of Bundestag Ditmar Jakobs (born 1953), football player Willi Wülbeck (born 1954), athlete Michael Grosse-Brömer
Michael Grosse-Brömer
(born 1960), politician (CDU), Member of Bundestag Christoph Schlingensief
Christoph Schlingensief
(1960–2010), film and theater director, radio play writer and performance artist Dirk Balthaus (born 1965), jazz pianist and composer Esther Schweins
Esther Schweins
(born 1970), actress and comedian Markus Feldhoff
Markus Feldhoff
(born 1974), football player Mark Kleinschmidt (born 1974), rower

References[edit]

^ "Amtliche Bevölkerungszahlen". Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW (in German). 18 July 2016.  ^ Powell, A.R. (9–10 January 1945). "Detailed Summary of meeting of Oil Mission Held in New Interior Building" (PDF). Enemy Oil Intelligence Committee. p. 17 (p61 of pdf). Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 August 2008. Retrieved 25 March 2009.  ^ John Tagliabue (27 November 1983). "The Twilight of the Industrial Ruhr". New York Times. Retrieved 16 November 2015.  ^ "Demografiebericht AG Ruhr" (PDF). Arbeitsgemeinschaft der kommunalen Statistikstellen der Metropole Ruhr.  ^ "2.02 Fläche und Bevölkerung nach Statistischen Bezirken 2014" (PDF). Statistisches Jahrbuch 2015 der Stadt Oberhausen
Oberhausen
(in German). Stadt Oberhausen. January 2015. p. 31. Retrieved 29 August 2017.  ^ " Oberhausen
Oberhausen
– statistik.arbeitsagentur.de". statistik.arbeitsagentur.de. Retrieved 2016-01-29.  ^ "Ratsangelegenheiten: Städtepartnerschaften der Stadt Oberhausen" (in German). Büro für Interkultur, Stadt Oberhausen. Retrieved 4 January 2015.  ^ "Town Twinning". Middlesbrough
Middlesbrough
Council. Retrieved 4 March 2013.  ^ Міста-побратими м. Запоріжжя [Twin Cities Zaporozhye]. City of Zaporizhia
Zaporizhia
(in Ukrainian). Шановні відвідувачі і користувачі сайту. Archived from the original on 3 August 2012. Retrieved 7 August 2013. 

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Oberhausen.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Oberhausen.

 "Oberhausen". Encyclopedia Americana. 1920.   "Oberhausen". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). 1911. 

v t e

Cities in Germany
Germany
by population

1,000,000+

Berlin Cologne Hamburg Munich

500,000+

Bremen Dortmund Dresden Düsseldorf Essen Frankfurt Hanover Leipzig Nuremberg Stuttgart

200,000+

Aachen Augsburg Bielefeld Bochum Bonn Braunschweig Chemnitz Duisburg Erfurt Freiburg im Breisgau Gelsenkirchen Halle (Saale) Karlsruhe Kiel Krefeld Lübeck Magdeburg Mainz Mannheim Münster Mönchengladbach Oberhausen Rostock Wiesbaden Wuppertal

100,000+

Bergisch Gladbach Bottrop Bremerhaven Cottbus Darmstadt Erlangen Fürth Göttingen Hagen Hamm Heidelberg Heilbronn Herne Hildesheim Ingolstadt Jena Kassel Koblenz Leverkusen Ludwigshafen Moers Mülheim
Mülheim
an der Ruhr Neuss Offenbach am Main Oldenburg Osnabrück Paderborn Pforzheim Potsdam Recklinghausen Regensburg Remscheid Reutlingen Saarbrücken Salzgitter Siegen Solingen Trier Ulm Wolfsburg Würzburg

complete list municipalities metropolitan regions cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants

v t e

Urban and rural districts in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia
North Rhine-Westphalia
in Germany
Germany

Urban districts

Bielefeld Bochum Bonn Bottrop Dortmund Duisburg Düsseldorf Essen Gelsenkirchen Hagen Hamm Herne Köln (Cologne) Krefeld Leverkusen Mönchengladbach Mülheim Münster Oberhausen Remscheid Solingen Wuppertal

Rural districts

Aachen Borken Coesfeld Düren Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis Euskirchen Gütersloh Heinsberg Herford Hochsauerlandkreis Höxter Kleve (Cleves) Lippe Märkischer Kreis Mettmann Minden-Lübbecke Oberbergischer Kreis Olpe Paderborn Recklinghausen Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis Rhein-Erft-Kreis Rhein-Kreis Neuss Rhein-Sieg-Kreis Siegen-Wittgenstein Soest Steinfurt Unna Viersen Warendorf Wesel

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 137207010 GN

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