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The Info List - Oakland Raiders





American Football League
American Football League
(1960–1969)

Western Division (1960–1969)

National Football League
National Football League
(1970–present)

American Football Conference
American Football Conference
(1970–present)

AFC West (1970–present)

Current uniform

Team colors

Silver, Black[3][4]          

Fight song "The Autumn Wind"

Personnel

Owner(s) Mark Davis (majority owner)[5][6]

President Marc Badain

General manager Reggie McKenzie

Head coach Jon Gruden[7][8]

Team history

Oakland Raiders
Oakland Raiders
(1960–1981, 1995–present) Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Raiders (1982–1994)

Team nicknames

Silver and Black Men in Black Team of the Decades The World's Team Raider Nation Malosos (Mexican fan base)[9]

Championships

League championships (3†)

AFL championships (pre-1970 AFL–NFL merger) (1) 1967

Super Bowl
Super Bowl
championships (3) 1976 (XI), 1980 (XV), 1983 (XVIII)

Conference championships (4)

AFC: 1976, 1980, 1983, 2002

Division championships (15)

AFL West: 1967, 1968, 1969 AFC West: 1970, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1983, 1985, 1990, 2000, 2001, 2002

† – Does not include the AFL or NFL championships won during the same seasons as the AFL–NFL Super Bowl
Super Bowl
championships prior to the 1970 AFL–NFL merger

Playoff appearances (22)

AFL: 1967, 1968, 1969 NFL: 1970, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1980, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1990, 1991, 1993, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2016

Home fields

Kezar Stadium
Kezar Stadium
(1960) Candlestick Park
Candlestick Park
(1961) Frank Youell Field (1962–1965) Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum
Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum
(1966–1981, 1995–present)[10][11] Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum
(1982–1994) Las Vegas Stadium
Las Vegas Stadium
(planned for 2020)

The Oakland Raiders
Oakland Raiders
are a professional American football
American football
franchise based in Oakland, California. The Raiders compete in the National Football League (NFL) as a member club of the league's American Football Conference (AFC) West division. Founded on January 30, 1960, they played their first regular season game on September 11, 1960, as a charter member of the American Football League
American Football League
(AFL) which merged with the NFL in 1970. The Raiders' off-field fortunes have varied considerably over the years. The team's first three years of operation (1960–1962) were marred by poor on-field performance, financial difficulties, and spotty attendance. In 1963, however, the Raiders' fortunes improved dramatically with the introduction of head coach (and eventual owner) Al Davis. In 1967, after several years of improvement, the Raiders reached the postseason for the first time. The team would go on to win its first (and only) AFL Championship that year; in doing so, the Raiders advanced to Super Bowl
Super Bowl
II, where they were soundly defeated by the Green Bay Packers. Since 1963, the team has won 15 division titles (three AFL and 12 NFL), four AFC Championships (1976, 1980, 1983, and 2002), one AFL Championship (1967), and three Super Bowl
Super Bowl
Championships (XI, XV, and XVIII). At the end of the NFL's 2016 season, the Raiders boasted a lifetime regular season record of 456 wins, 401 losses, and 11 ties; their lifetime playoff record currently stands at 25 wins and 19 losses.[12] The team played in Los Angeles, California
Los Angeles, California
from the 1982 season until the 1994 season before returning to Oakland at the start of the 1995 season. Al Davis owned the team from 1972 until his death in 2011. Control of the franchise was then given to Al's son Mark Davis. NFL team owners voted nearly unanimously to approve the Raiders' application to relocate from Oakland to Las Vegas, Nevada, in a 31-to-1 vote at the annual league meetings in Phoenix, Arizona, on March 27, 2017. The Raiders plan to remain in Oakland through 2018 – and possibly 2019 – and relocate to Las Vegas
Las Vegas
in either 2019 or 2020, depending on the completion of the team's planned new stadium.[13][14] The Raiders are known for their extensive fan base and distinctive team culture. The Raiders have 14 former members who have been enshrined in the Pro Football Hall of Fame. The Raiders currently play their home games at the Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum
Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum
west of the Elmhurst district of East Oakland. They have previously played at Kezar Stadium
Kezar Stadium
in San Francisco, California, Candlestick Park
Candlestick Park
in San Francisco, Frank Youell Field in Oakland, and the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Memorial Coliseum in Los Angeles.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Early years 1.2 The AFL and Al Davis

1.2.1 Al Davis 1.2.2 Davis's departure and return 1.2.3 AFL championship 1.2.4 John Madden

1.3 AFL–NFL merger 1.4 Super Bowl
Super Bowl
XI

1.4.1 Tom Flores

1.5 Los Angeles
Los Angeles
era

1.5.1 Art Shell

1.6 Return to Oakland

1.6.1 Jon Gruden 1.6.2 Bill Callahan

1.7 Coaching carousel

1.7.1 Norv Turner 1.7.2 Art Shell
Art Shell
returns 1.7.3 Lane Kiffin 1.7.4 Tom Cable 1.7.5 Hue Jackson
Hue Jackson
& death of Al Davis 1.7.6 Dennis Allen

1.8 Resurgence and relocation

1.8.1 Jack Del Rio 1.8.2 Jon Gruden
Jon Gruden
returns

2 Championships

2.1 AFL championships 2.2 Super Bowl
Super Bowl
championships

3 Logos and uniforms 4 Home fields 5 New stadium proposals and relocation

5.1 Las Vegas 5.2 Past new stadium and relocation possibilities

5.2.1 Santa Clara, California 5.2.2 Los Angeles 5.2.3 New stadium in Oakland

5.2.3.1 Ronnie Lott proposal

5.2.4 San Antonio, Texas 5.2.5 Concord, California 5.2.6 San Diego, California

6 Culture

6.1 Slogans 6.2 Raider Nation

7 Cheerleaders 8 Radio and television

8.1 Oakland Raiders
Oakland Raiders
Radio Network 8.2 Television

9 Rivals

9.1 Divisional rivals 9.2 Battle of the Bay rivalry 9.3 Historical rivals

9.3.1 Historic battle for Los Angeles
Los Angeles
rivalry

9.4 Raiders vs. opponents

10 Ownership, administration and financial operations

10.1 Founding of the franchise

10.1.1 Current ownership structure

10.2 Financial operations 10.3 Legal battles

10.3.1 Trademark
Trademark
and trade dress dilution 10.3.2 BALCO scandal

11 Players of note

11.1 Current roster 11.2 Pro Football Hall of Fame
Pro Football Hall of Fame
members 11.3 Retired numbers 11.4 Individual awards 11.5 Career leaders 11.6 Single-season leaders 11.7 All-Pro selections 11.8 Pro Bowl
Pro Bowl
selections

12 Front office and coaching staff

12.1 Coaches/Executives 12.2 Current staff

13 References 14 External links

History[edit] Main articles: History of the Oakland Raiders
History of the Oakland Raiders
and History of the Los Angeles Raiders Early years[edit] The Oakland Raiders
Oakland Raiders
were originally going to be called the "Oakland Señors"[15] after a name-the-team contest had that name finish first, but after being the target of local jokes, the name was changed to the Raiders before the 1960 season began. Having enjoyed a successful collegiate coaching career at Navy during the 1950s, San Francisco native Eddie Erdelatz
Eddie Erdelatz
was hired as the Raiders first head coach. On February 9, 1960, after rejecting offers from the NFL's Washington Redskins and the AFL's Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Chargers, Erdelatz accepted the Oakland Raiders
Oakland Raiders
head coaching position. In January 1960, the Raiders were established in Oakland, and because of NFL interference with the original eighth franchise owner, were the last team of eight in the new American Football League
American Football League
to select players, thus relegated to the remaining talent available (see below). The 1960 Raiders 42-man roster included 28 rookies and only 14 veterans. Among the Raiders rookies were future Pro Football Hall of Fame inductee center Jim Otto, and a future Raiders head coach, quarterback Tom Flores. In their debut year under Erdelatz the Raiders finished with a 6–8 record. Ownership conflicts prevented the team from signing any top draft picks the next season.[citation needed] On September 18, 1961, Erdelatz was dismissed after the Raiders were outscored 77–46 in the first two games of the season. On September 24, 1961, after the dismissal of Erdelatz, management named Los Angeles
Los Angeles
native and offensive line coach Marty Feldman as the Raiders head coach. The team finished the 1961 season with a 2–12 record. Feldman began the 1962 season as Raiders head coach but was fired on October 16, 1962 after an 0–5 start. From October 16 through December, the Raiders were coached by Oklahoma native and former assistant coach Red Conkright. Under Conkright, the Raiders went 1–8, finishing the season with 1–13 record. Following the 1962 season the Raiders appointed Conkright to an interim mentor position as they looked for a new head coach. The AFL and Al Davis[edit] Al Davis[edit] After the 1962 season, Raiders managing general partner F. Wayne Valley hired Al Davis as Raiders head coach and general manager. At 33, he was the youngest person in professional football history to hold the positions.[16] Davis immediately began to implement what he termed the "vertical game", an aggressive offensive strategy inspired by the offense developed by Chargers head coach Sid Gillman.[17] Under Davis the Raiders improved to 10–4 and he was named the AFL's Coach of the Year in 1963. Though the team slipped to 5–7–2 in 1964, they rebounded to an 8–5–1 record in 1965. The famous silver and black Raider uniform debuted at the regular season opening game on September 8, 1963. Prior to this, the team wore a combination of black and white with gold trim on the pants and oversized numerals. Davis's departure and return[edit] In April 1966, Davis left the Raiders after being named AFL Commissioner, promoting assistant coach John Rauch
John Rauch
to head coach. Two months later, the league announced its merger with the NFL. The leagues would retain separate regular seasons until 1970. With the merger, the position of commissioner was no longer needed, and Davis entered into discussions with Valley about returning to the Raiders. On July 25, 1966, Davis returned as part-owner of the team. He purchased a 10% interest in the team for $18,000, and became the team's third general partner — the partner in charge of football operations.[18][19] Under Rauch, the Raiders matched their 1965 season's 8–5–1 record in 1966 but missed the playoffs, finishing second in the AFL West Division. AFL championship[edit] On the field, the team Davis had assembled steadily improved. Led by quarterback Daryle Lamonica, acquired in a trade with the Buffalo Bills, the Raiders finished the 1967 season with a 13–1 record and won the 1967 AFL Championship, defeating the Houston Oilers
Houston Oilers
40–7. The win earned the team a trip to the Orange Bowl in Miami, Florida to participate in Super Bowl
Super Bowl
II. On January 14, 1968, the Raiders were defeated in the second-ever Super Bowl, losing 33–14 to Vince Lombardi's Green Bay Packers. The following year, the Raiders ended the 1968 season with a 12–2 record and again winning the AFL West Division title. However, this time, they lost 27–23 by the New York Jets
New York Jets
in the AFL Championship Game. Citing management conflicts with day-to-day coaching decisions, Rauch resigned as Raiders head coach on January 16, 1969, accepting the head coaching job of the Buffalo Bills. John Madden[edit] During the early 1960s, John Madden
John Madden
was a defensive assistant coach at San Diego State University
San Diego State University
under SDSU head coach Don Coryell. Madden credited Coryell as being an influence on his coaching. In 1967, Madden was hired by Al Davis as the Raiders linebacker coach. On February 4, 1969, after the departure of John Rauch, Madden was named the Raiders sixth head coach. Under Madden, the 1969 Raiders won the AFL West Division title for the third consecutive year with a 12–1–1 record. On December 20, 1969, the Raiders defeated the Oilers 56–7 in the AFL Division playoff game. In the AFL Championship game on January 4, 1970, the Raiders were defeated by Hank Stram's Kansas City Chiefs
Kansas City Chiefs
17–7. AFL–NFL merger[edit] In 1970, the AFL–NFL merger
AFL–NFL merger
officially took place and the Raiders joined the Western Division of the American Football Conference (actually the AFL West with the same teams as in 1969, except for the Cincinnati Bengals) in the newly merged NFL. The first post-merger season saw the Raiders win the AFC West with an 8–4–2 record and advance to the conference championship, where they lost to the Baltimore Colts. Despite another 8–4–2 season in 1971, the Raiders failed to win the division or playoff berth. When backup offensive lineman Ron Mix
Ron Mix
played, the 1971 Raiders had an eventual all-Pro Football Hall of Fame offensive line with tackle Art Shell, guard Gene Upshaw, center Jim Otto, and tackle Bob Brown.

John Madden
John Madden
(right, shown with Senator Susan Collins) was head coach of the Raiders for 10 seasons. Madden's overall winning percentage including playoff games ranks second in league history. He won a Super Bowl and never had a losing season as a head coach.

The teams of the 1970s were thoroughly dominant teams, with eight Hall of Fame inductees on the roster and a Hall of Fame coach in John Madden. The 1970s Raiders created the team's identity and persona as a team that was hard-hitting. Dominant on defense, with the crushing hits of safeties Jack Tatum and George Atkinson and cornerback Skip Thomas, the Raiders regularly held first place in the AFC West, entering the playoffs nearly every season. From 1973 through 1977, the Raiders reached the conference championship every year. This was also the era of a bitter rivalry between the Pittsburgh Steelers and Raiders. In the 1970s, the Steelers and Raiders were frequently the two best teams in the AFC and, arguably, the NFL. The teams would meet on five different occasions in the playoffs, and the winner of the Steelers-Raiders game went on to win the Super Bowl
Super Bowl
in three of those instances, from 1974 to 1976. The rivalry garnered attention in the sports media, with controversial plays, late hits, accusations and public statements. The rivalry began with and was fueled by a controversial last-second play in their first playoff game in 1972. That season the Raiders achieved a 10–3–1 record and an AFC West title. In the divisional round, the Raiders would lose to the Steelers 13–7 on the controversial play that become known as the "Immaculate Reception". The Raiders and Steelers would meet again the following season as the Raiders won the AFC West again with a 9–4–1 record. Lamonica was replaced as starting quarterback early in the season by Ken Stabler. The Raiders defeated Pittsburgh 33–14 in the divisional round of the playoffs to reach the AFC Championship, but lost 27–10 to the Miami Dolphins. In 1974, Oakland had a 12–2 regular season, which included a nine-game winning streak. They beat the Dolphins 28–26 in the divisional round of the playoffs in a see-saw battle remembered as the "Sea of Hands" game.[20] They then lost the AFC Championship to the Steelers, who went on to win the Super Bowl. The Raiders were held to only 29 yards rushing by the Pittsburgh defense, and late mistakes turned a 10–3 lead at the start of the fourth quarter into a disappointing 24–13 loss. In the 1975 season opener, the Raiders beat Miami
Miami
and ended their 31-game home winning streak. With an 11–3 record, they defeated Cincinnati 31–28 in the divisional playoff round. Again, the Raiders faced the Steelers in the conference championship, eager for revenge. According to Madden and Davis, the Raiders relied on quick movement by their wide receivers on the outside sidelines – the deep threat, or 'long ball' – more so than the Steelers of that year, whose offense was far more run-oriented than it would become later in the 1970s. Forced to adapt to the frozen field of Three Rivers Stadium, with receivers slipping and unable to make quick moves to beat coverage, the Raiders lost, 16–10. The rivalry had now grown to hatred, and became the stereotype of the 'grudge match.' Again, the Raiders came up short, as the Steelers won the AFC Championship and then went on to another Super Bowl
Super Bowl
title. Super Bowl
Super Bowl
XI[edit] In 1976, the Raiders came from behind dramatically to beat Pittsburgh 31–28 in the season opener and continued to cement its reputation for dirty play by knocking WR Lynn Swann
Lynn Swann
out for two weeks with a clothesline to the helmet. Al Davis later tried to sue Steelers coach Chuck Noll
Chuck Noll
for libel after the latter called safety George Atkinson a criminal for the hit. The Raiders won 13 regular season games and a close controversial 21–17 victory over New England in the divisional playoffs. With the Patriots up by three points in final two minutes, referee Ben Dreith called roughing the passer on New England's Ray "Sugar Bear" Hamilton after he hit Oakland QB Ken Stabler. The Raiders went on to score a touchdown in the final minute to win. They then defeated the Steelers 24–7 in the AFC Championship to advance to their second Super Bowl. In Super Bowl
Super Bowl
XI, Oakland's opponent was the Minnesota Vikings, a team that had lost three previous Super Bowls. The Raiders jumped out to an early lead and led 16–0 at halftime. By the end, having forced Minnesota into multiple turnovers, the Raiders won 32–14 for their first post-merger championship. The following season saw the Raiders finish 11–3, but they lost the division title to the Denver Broncos. They settled for a wild card, beating the Colts in the second-longest overtime game in NFL history and which featured the Ghost to the Post. however, the Raiders then fell to the Broncos in the AFC Championship. During a 1978 preseason game, Patriots WR Darryl Stingley was injured by a hit from Raiders FS Jack Tatum and paralyzed for life. Although the 1978 Raiders achieved a winning record at 9–7, they missed the playoffs for the first time since 1971, losing critical games down the stretch to miss the playoffs. Tom Flores[edit] After 10 consecutive winning seasons and one Super Bowl
Super Bowl
championship, John Madden
John Madden
left coaching in 1979 to pursue a career as a television football commentator. His replacement was former Raiders quarterback Tom Flores, the first Hispanic head coach in NFL history.[21] Flores led the Raiders to another 9–7 season, but not the playoffs. In the midst of the turmoil of Al Davis' attempts to move the team to Los Angeles
Los Angeles
in 1980, Flores looked to lead the Raiders to their third Super bowl by finishing the season 11–5 and earning a wild card berth. Quarterback
Quarterback
Jim Plunkett revitalized his career, taking over in game five when starter Dan Pastorini
Dan Pastorini
was lost for the season to a broken leg after owner Al Davis had picked up Pastorini when he swapped quarterbacks with the Houston Oilers, sending the beloved Ken Stabler to the Oilers. The Raiders defeated Stabler and the Oilers in the Wild Card game and advanced to the AFC Championship by defeating the Cleveland Browns
Cleveland Browns
14–12. The Raiders slipped by the AFC West champion San Diego Chargers
San Diego Chargers
to advance to their third Super Bowl. In Super Bowl
Super Bowl
XV, the Raiders faced head coach Dick Vermeil's Philadelphia Eagles. The Raiders dominated the Eagles, taking an early 14–0 lead in the first quarter behind two touchdown passes by Plunkett, including a then- Super Bowl
Super Bowl
record 80-yard pass and catch to running bank Kenny King. A Cliff Branch
Cliff Branch
third quarter touchdown reception put the Raiders up 21–3 in the third quarter. They would go on to win 27–10, winning their second Super Bowl
Super Bowl
and becoming the first team to ever win the Super Bowl
Super Bowl
after getting into the playoffs as the wild card team. Los Angeles
Los Angeles
era[edit] In 1980, Al Davis attempted unsuccessfully to have improvements made to the Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum, specifically the addition of luxury boxes. That year, he signed a memorandum of agreement to move the Raiders from Oakland to Los Angeles. The move, which required three-fourths approval by league owners, was defeated 22–0 (with five owners abstaining). When Davis tried to move the team anyway, he was blocked by an injunction. In response, the Raiders not only became an active partner in an antitrust lawsuit filed by the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum (who had recently lost the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Rams), but filed an antitrust lawsuit of their own.[22] After the first case was declared a mistrial, in May 1982, a second jury found in favor of Davis and the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Coliseum, clearing the way for the move.[23][24][25] With the ruling, the Raiders would relocate to Los Angeles for the 1982 season to play their home games at the Los Angeles Coliseum. The 1981 Raiders fell to 7–9 record, failing to make the playoffs following their Super Bowl
Super Bowl
win The newly minted Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Raiders finished the strike-shortened 1982 season 8–1 to win the AFC West, but lost in the second round of the playoffs to the Jets. The following season, the Raiders finished 12–4 to win the AFC West. Convincing playoff wins over the Steelers and Seattle Seahawks
Seattle Seahawks
in the AFC playoffs propelled the Raiders to their fourth Super Bowl. Against the Washington Redskins
Washington Redskins
in Super Bowl XVIII, the Raiders built a lead after blocking a punt and recovering for a touchdown early in the game. A Branch touchdown reception from Plunkett put the Raiders up 14–0 with more than nine minutes remaining in the first quarter. With seven seconds remaining in the first half, linebacker Jack Squirek intercepted a Joe Theismann
Joe Theismann
swing pass at the Washington five yard line and scored, sending the Raiders to a 21–3 halftime lead. Following a John Riggins
John Riggins
one-yard touchdown run (extra point was blocked), Marcus Allen
Marcus Allen
scored from five yards out to build the lead to 28–9. The Raiders sealed the game with Allen reversed his route on a Super Bowl
Super Bowl
record run that turned into a 74-yard touchdown. The Raiders went on to a 38–9 victory and their third NFL championship. Allen set a record for most rushing yards (191) and combined yards (209) in a Super Bowl
Super Bowl
as the Raiders won their third Super Bowl
Super Bowl
in eight years.

Raiders' Hall of Famer Marcus Allen
Marcus Allen
is considered one of the greatest goal line and short-yard runners in National Football League
National Football League
history.

The team had another successful regular season in 1984, finishing 11–5, but a three-game losing streak forced them to enter the playoffs as a wild-card, where they fell to the Seahawks in the Wild Card game. The 1985 Raiders campaign saw 12 wins and a division title as Marcus Allen was named MVP. However, a loss to the Patriots derailed any further postseason hopes. The Raiders' fortunes declined after that, and from 1986 to 1989, they finished no better than 8–8 and posted consecutive losing seasons for the first time since 1961–62. Also in 1986, Al Davis got into a widely publicized argument with Marcus Allen, whom he accused of faking injuries. The feud continued into 1987, and Davis retaliated by signing Bo Jackson
Bo Jackson
to essentially replace Allen. However, Jackson was also a left fielder for Major League Baseball's Kansas City Royals, and could not play full-time until baseball season ended in October. Even worse, another strike cost the NFL one game and prompted them to use substitute players. The Raiders achieved a 1–2 record before the regular players returned after the strike. After a weak 5–10 finish, Tom Flores moved to the front office and was replaced by Denver Broncos offensive assistant coach Mike Shanahan. Shanahan led the team to a 7–9 season in 1988, and Allen and Jackson continued to trade places as the starting running back. Low game attendance and fan apathy were evident by this point, and in the summer of 1988, rumors of a Raiders return to Oakland intensified when a preseason game against the Houston Oilers
Houston Oilers
was scheduled at Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum.[26] As early as 1986, Davis sought to abandon the Coliseum in favor of a more modern stadium. In addition to sharing the venue with the USC Trojans, the Raiders were less than ecstatic with the Coliseum as it was aging and still lacked the luxury suites and other amenities that Davis was promised when he moved the Raiders to Los Angeles.[27] Finally, the Coliseum had 95,000 seats and the Raiders were rarely able to fill all of them even in their best years, and so most Raiders home games were blacked out in Southern California. Numerous sites in California
California
were considered, including one near now-defunct Hollywood Park in Inglewood, where a NFL stadium for the Rams and Chargers is under construction, and another in Carson. In August 1987, it was announced that the city of Irwindale paid Davis US$10 million as a good-faith deposit for a prospective stadium site.[28] When the bid failed, Davis kept the non-refundable deposit.[29][30] During this time Davis also almost moved the team to Sacramento in a deal that would have included Davis becoming the managing partner of the Sacramento Kings.[31] Art Shell[edit] Negotiations between Davis and Oakland commenced in January 1989, and on March 11, 1991, Davis announced his intention to bring the Raiders back to Oakland.[32] By September 1991, however, numerous delays had prevented the completion of the deal between Davis and Oakland. On September 11, Davis announced a new deal to stay in Los Angeles, leading many fans in Oakland to burn Raiders paraphernalia in disgust.[33][34] After starting the 1989 season with a 1–3 record, Shanahan was fired by Davis, which began a long-standing feud between the two.[35][36] He was replaced by former Raider offensive lineman Art Shell, who had been voted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame
Pro Football Hall of Fame
earlier in the year. With the hiring, Shell became the first African American head coach in the modern NFL era, but the team still finished a middling 8–8.[37] In 1990, Shell led the Raiders to a 12–4 record. Behind Bo Jackson's spectacular play, they beat the Cincinnati Bengals
Cincinnati Bengals
in the divisional round of the playoffs. However, Jackson suffered a severe hip and leg injury after a tackle during the game. Without him, the Raiders were blown out 51–3 in the AFC Championship by the Buffalo Bills. Jackson was forced to quit football as a result of the injury, although surgery allowed him to continue playing baseball until he retired in 1994.

Raiders' Hall of Famer Tim Brown spent 16 years with the Raiders, during which he established himself as one of the NFL's most prolific wide receivers.

The Raiders finished with a 9–7 record in 1991, but struggled looking for a reliable quarterback and lost to the Kansas City Chiefs in the Wild Card game. The struggle for a quarterback continued in 1992 as the Raiders started two different quarterbacks and stumbled to a 7–9 record, two other playoff appearances during the 1990s, and finished higher than third place only three times. The Raiders rebounded well in 1993 with Jeff Hostetler
Jeff Hostetler
as the everyday quarterback, finishing in second place in the AFC West with a 10–6 record. A win over the Broncos in the wild card game mean a rematch against the Bills for the right to go to the AFC Championship game. The Raiders, led by two Napoleon McCallum
Napoleon McCallum
rushing touchdowns took a halftime lead, but could only manage six points in the second half losing to the Bills again 29–23. However, following a 9–7 record in the 1994 season that resulted in no postseason, Art Shell
Art Shell
was fired. Return to Oakland[edit] On June 23, 1995, Davis signed a letter of intent to move the Raiders back to Oakland. The move was approved by the Alameda County Board of Supervisors the next month.[38] As the NFL had never recognized the Raiders' initial move to Los Angeles, they could not disapprove of the move or request a relocation fee, which had to be paid by the Los Angeles Rams for their move to St. Louis. In order to convince Davis to return, Oakland spent $220 million on stadium renovations. These included a new seating section – commonly known as "Mount Davis" – with 10,000 seats. It also built the team a training facility and paid all its moving costs. The Raiders pay $525,000 a year in rent – a fraction[clarification needed] of what the nearby San Francisco
San Francisco
49ers paid to play at the now-extinct Candlestick Park
Candlestick Park
– and do not pay maintenance or game-day operating costs. The move was greeted with much fanfare,[39] and under new head coach Mike White the 1995 season began well for the Raiders. Oakland started 8–2, but injuries to starting quarterback Jeff Hostetler
Jeff Hostetler
contributed to a six-game losing streak for an 8–8 finish and the Raiders failed to qualify for the playoffs for a second consecutive season. Jon Gruden[edit] After two more losing seasons (7–9 in 1996 and 4–12 in 1997) under White and his successor, Joe Bugel, Davis selected a new head coach from outside the Raiders organization for only the second time when he hired Philadelphia Eagles
Philadelphia Eagles
offensive coordinator Jon Gruden. Gruden previously worked for the 49ers and Green Bay Packers
Green Bay Packers
under head coach Mike Holmgren. Under Gruden, the Raiders posted consecutive 8–8 seasons in 1998 and 1999. Oakland finished 12–4 in the 2000 season, the team's most successful in a decade. Led by veteran quarterback Rich Gannon
Rich Gannon
(MVP), Oakland won their first division title since 1990, and advanced to the AFC Championship, where Gannon was hurt when sacked by Baltimore Ravens' lineman Tony Siragusa. The Raider offense struggled without Gannon, and the Raiders fell 16–3 to the eventual Super Bowl
Super Bowl
champion Ravens.

Charles Woodson
Charles Woodson
was the first and is still the only primarily defensive player to win the Heisman Trophy. Woodson was selected by the Oakland Raiders
Oakland Raiders
with the fourth pick in the first round of the 1998 NFL Draft.

The Raiders acquired all-time leading receiver Jerry Rice
Jerry Rice
prior to the 2001 season. They started 10–3 but lost their last three games and finished with a 10–6 record and a wild card playoff spot. They defeated the New York Jets
New York Jets
38–24 in the wild card round to advance to face the New England Patriots. In a game in which the Raiders led for most of the game, the game was played in a heavy snowstorm. In what would be known as the "Tuck Rule Game", late in the fourth quarter with the Patriots trailing the Raiders by a field goal, Raiders star cornerback Charles Woodson
Charles Woodson
blitzed Patriots quarterback Tom Brady, causing an apparent fumble which was recovered by Raiders linebacker Greg Biekert. The recovery would assuredly have led to a Raiders victory, as the Raiders would have a first down with 1:43 remaining and the Patriots had no more time outs); however, the play was reviewed and determined to be an incomplete pass (it was ruled that Brady had pump-faked and then had not yet "tucked" the ball into his body, which, by rule, cannot result in a fumble, was instead an incomplete pass—though this explanation was not given on the field, but after the NFL season had ended). The Patriots retained possession and drove for a game-tying field goal. The game went into overtime and the Patriots won 16–13.[40] Bill Callahan[edit] Shortly after the season, the Raiders made a move that involved releasing Gruden from his contract and allowing the Tampa Bay Buccaneers to sign him. In return, the Raiders received cash and future draft picks from the Buccaneers. The sudden move came after months of speculation in the media that Davis and Gruden had fallen out with each other both personally and professionally.[citation needed] Bill Callahan, who served as the team's offensive coordinator and offensive line coach during Gruden's tenure, was named head coach.[41] Under Callahan, the Raiders finished the 2002 season 11–5, won their third-straight division title, and clinched the top seed in the playoffs. Rich Gannon
Rich Gannon
was named MVP of the NFL after passing for a league-high 4,689 yards. After beating the Jets and Titans by large margins in the playoffs, the Raiders made their fifth Super Bowl appearance in Super Bowl
Super Bowl
XXXVII. Their opponent was the Tampa Bay Buccaneers, coached by Gruden. The Raiders, who had not made significant changes to Gruden's offensive schemes, were intercepted five times by the Buccaneers en route to a 48–21 blowout. Some Tampa Bay players claimed that Gruden had given them so much information on Oakland's offense, they knew exactly what plays were being called.[42][43] Callahan's second season as head coach was considerably less successful. Oakland finished 4–12, which was their worst showing since 1997. After a late-season loss to the Denver Broncos, a visibly frustrated Callahan exclaimed, "We've got to be the dumbest team in America in terms of playing the game."[44] At the end of the 2003 regular season Callahan was fired and replaced by former Washington Redskins head coach Norv Turner. Coaching carousel[edit] Norv Turner[edit] The team's fortunes did not improve in Turner's first year. Oakland finished the 2004 season 5–11, with only one divisional win (a one-point victory over the Broncos in Denver). During a Week 3 victory against the Buccaneers, Rich Gannon
Rich Gannon
suffered a neck injury that ended his season and eventually his career. He never returned to the team and retired before the 2005 season.[45] Kerry Collins, who led the New York Giants to an appearance in Super Bowl XXXV
Super Bowl XXXV
and signed with Oakland after the 2003 season, became the team's starting quarterback. In an effort to bolster their offense, in early 2005 the Raiders acquired Pro Bowl
Pro Bowl
wide receiver Randy Moss
Randy Moss
via trade with the Minnesota Vikings, and signed free agent running back Lamont Jordan
Lamont Jordan
of the New York Jets. After a 4–12 season and a second consecutive last place finish, Turner was fired as head coach. Art Shell
Art Shell
returns[edit] On February 11, 2006 the team announced the return of Art Shell
Art Shell
as head coach. In announcing the move, Al Davis said that firing Shell in 1995 had been a mistake.[46] Under Shell, the Raiders lost their first five games in 2006 en route to a 2–14 record, the team's worst since 1962. Despite having one of the best defenses, Oakland's offense struggled greatly, scoring just 168 points (fewest in franchise history) and allowing a league-high 72 sacks. Wide receiver
Wide receiver
Jerry Porter was benched by Shell for most of the season in what many viewed as a personal, rather than football-related, decision. Shell was fired again at the end of the season.[47] The Raiders also earned the right to the first overall pick in the 2007 NFL Draft
2007 NFL Draft
for the first time since 1962, by virtue of having the league's worst record.[48] Lane Kiffin[edit] The team announced on January 22, 2007, the hiring of 31-year-old USC offensive coordinator Lane Kiffin, the youngest coach in franchise history and the youngest coach in the NFL.[49] In the 2007 NFL Draft, the Raiders selected LSU quarterback JaMarcus Russell
JaMarcus Russell
with the #1 overall pick, despite a strong objection from Kiffin. Russell, arguably the biggest bust in NFL history, held out until September 12[50] and did not make his first career start until week 17.[51] Kiffin coached the Raiders to a 4–12 record in the 2007 season. After a 1–3 start to 2008 and months of speculation and rumors, Davis fired Kiffin on September 30. Tom Cable[edit] Tom Cable was named as Kiffin's interim replacement, and officially signed as the 17th head coach of the Oakland Raiders
Oakland Raiders
on Tuesday, February 3, 2009. The team's finish to the 2008 season would turn out to match their best since they lost the Super Bowl
Super Bowl
in the 2002 season. However, they still finished 5–11 and ended up third in the AFC West, the first time they did not finish last since 2002. They would produce an identical record in 2009; however, the season was somewhat ameliorated by the fact that four of the Raiders' five wins were against opponents with above .500 records. In 2010, the Raiders became the first team in NFL history to go undefeated against their division yet miss the playoffs (6–0 in the AFC West, 8–8 overall, 3 games behind the Jets for the second Wild Card entry). On January 4, 2011, owner Al Davis informed head coach Tom Cable that his contract would not be renewed, ending his tenure with the organization. Many Raider players, such as punter Shane Lechler, were upset with the decision. Hue Jackson
Hue Jackson
& death of Al Davis[edit] On January 17, 2011, it was announced that offensive coordinator Hue Jackson was going to be the next Raiders head coach. A press conference was held on January 18, 2011, to formally introduce Jackson as the next Raiders head coach, the fifth in just seven years. Following Davis's death during the 2011 season, new owners Carol and Mark Davis decided to take the franchise in a drastically different direction by hiring a general manager. On New Year's Day
New Year's Day
of 2012, the Raiders played the San Diego
San Diego
Chargers, hoping to go to the playoffs for the first time since 2002, the game ended with a 38–26 loss. Their season ended with another disappointing 8–8 record. Dennis Allen[edit] The Raiders named Green Bay Packers
Green Bay Packers
director of football operations Reggie McKenzie as the team's first General Manager since Al Davis on January 6, 2012. Given full autonomy over personnel decisions by the Davis family, McKenzie, in his first day on the job, fired head coach Hue Jackson
Hue Jackson
after only one season on January 10, seeking to hire his own head coach instead. In the process, the Raiders lost their sixth head coach in the past ten seasons, none of whom lasted more than two seasons. Two weeks later, McKenzie hired Broncos defensive coordinator Dennis Allen as head coach. Most of the coaching staff has been replaced by new position and strength and conditioning coaches.[citation needed] The Raiders began 2012 by running a nose tackle when they run a 4-3 defense. They lost their home opener on Monday Night Football
Monday Night Football
against San Diego
San Diego
22–14, and finished the season 4–12. In the 2013 offseason, the Raiders began making major roster moves. These included the signing of linebackers Kevin Burnett, Nick Roach, and Kaluka Maiava, defensive tackles Pat Sims
Pat Sims
and Vance Walker, cornerbacks Tracy Porter
Tracy Porter
and Mike Jenkins, defensive end Jason Hunter, and safety Usama Young
Usama Young
and the release of wide receiver Darrius Heyward-Bey, safety Michael Huff, linebacker Rolando McClain
Rolando McClain
and defensive tackle Tommy Kelly. [52] Starting quarterback Carson Palmer was traded to the Arizona Cardinals
Arizona Cardinals
in exchange for a sixth-round draft pick and a conditional seventh-round draft pick. Shortly before, they had traded a fifth-round pick and an undisclosed conditional pick in exchange for Matt Flynn.[53] In addition to signing Matt Flynn, the Raiders also welcomed back Charles Woodson, signing him to a 1-year deal in mid-May.[54] The Oakland Raiders
Oakland Raiders
finished the 2013 season with a record of 4–12. In the 2014 NFL Draft, the Raiders selected linebacker Khalil Mack
Khalil Mack
in the first round and quarterback Derek Carr
Derek Carr
in the second round hoping each would anchor their side of the ball. Carr was given control early as he was chosen as the starter for the opener of the 2014 season. After an 0–4 start to the 2014 season, and an 8–28 overall record as head coach, Allen was fired.[55] Offensive line coach Tony Sparano was named interim head coach on September 30. The Oakland Raiders finished the 2014 season with a record of 3–13. Carr started all 16 games for the Raiders, the first Raider since 2002 to do so. First round pick Mack finished third in Defensive Rookie of the Year voting. Resurgence and relocation[edit] Jack Del Rio[edit]

Khalil Mack
Khalil Mack
the 1st player ever to be selected as an AP All-Pro at two positions in the same year.

Derek Carr's 53 TD passes in his first two seasons are the 2nd–most in NFL history.

Amari Cooper
Amari Cooper
became the first rookie in Raiders franchise history to reach the 1,000-yard receiving mark.

Jack Del Rio
Jack Del Rio
was hired to become the new head coach of the Oakland Raiders on January 14, 2015, replacing the fired Dennis Allen (who coincidentally had preceded him as the Broncos defensive coordinator) and interim head coach Tony Sparano.[56] The Raiders showed great improvement in Del Rio's first season, improving upon their 3 win 2014 season, going 7–9 in the 2015 season. Rookie wide receiver Amari Cooper
Amari Cooper
fulfilled almost all expectations and Derek Carr
Derek Carr
continued his improvement at quarterback. Cooper, Mack, Murray and Carr were selected to participate in the Pro Bowl. DE Khalil Mack
Khalil Mack
was the 1st player ever to be selected as an AP 2015 All-Pro Team at two positions in the same year. The day following the conclusion of the 2015 regular season, the Raiders, St. Louis
St. Louis
Rams, and San Diego Chargers
San Diego Chargers
all filed to relocate to Los Angeles.[57] On January 12, 2016, the NFL owners voted 30–2 to allow the Rams to return to L.A. and approved a stadium project in Inglewood, California
Inglewood, California
proposed by Rams owner Stan Kroenke over a competing project in Carson, California
Carson, California
that the Chargers and Raiders had jointly proposed. The Chargers were given a one-year approval to relocate as well, conditioned on negotiating a lease agreement with the Rams or an agreement to partner with the Rams on the new stadium construction. The Raiders were given conditional permission to relocate if the Chargers were to decline their option first.[58] As part of the Rams' relocation decision, the NFL offered to provide both the Chargers and Raiders $100 million each if they could work out new stadiums in their home markets. The Chargers would eventually announce on January 12, 2017, that they would exercise their option to relocate to Los Angeles
Los Angeles
following the failure of a November 2016 ballot initiative to fund a new stadium in San Diego.[59][60] In an official statement on the Rams decision, the Raiders offered they would "now turn our attention to exploring all options to find a permanent stadium solution."[61] Las Vegas
Las Vegas
and San Antonio
San Antonio
were heavily rumored as possible relocation destinations. By mid-February 2016, the team worked out a one-year lease agreement with the City of Oakland to play at O.co Coliseum with the option for a second one-year lease.[62] In late January 2016, billionaire Sheldon Adelson, president and CEO of the Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Sands Corporation casino empire, proposed a new domed stadium in Las Vegas
Las Vegas
to potentially house the University of Nevada, Las Vegas
Las Vegas
football team and a possible NFL team. Adelson quickly reached out to the Raiders to discuss the team partnering on the new stadium.[63] In April 2016, without promising the team would move, Raiders owner Mark Davis met with the Southern Nevada
Nevada
Tourism Infrastructure Committee and pledged $500 million toward Adelson's stadium if public officials agreed to contribute to the stadium.[64] A group of investors led by former NFL stars Ronnie Lott and Rodney Peete proposed a new stadium to the city of Oakland in June 2016 as a way to keep the Raiders in the city.[65] Nevada's legislature approved a $750 million public subsidy for the proposed domed Las Vegas
Las Vegas
stadium in October 2016.[66][67] Davis informed his fellow NFL owners that he intended to file for relocation to Las Vegas
Las Vegas
following the end of the season.[68] On November 28, 2016, the Raiders secured their first winning season since 2002 with a comeback win against the Carolina Panthers, and on December 18, the team clinched their first postseason berth since 2002 with a victory over the San Diego
San Diego
Chargers. On December 20, 2016, the NFL announced that the Raiders would have 7 Pro Bowl
Pro Bowl
selections: Khalil Mack, Derek Carr, Amari Cooper, Donald Penn, Kelechi Osemele, Rodney Hudson
Rodney Hudson
and Reggie Nelson. This is the most selections for the team since 1991, and the most for any team in the 2016 NFL season.[69] As the fifth seed in the AFC in the 2016 NFL playoffs, the Raiders faced the Houston Texans
Houston Texans
in the opening Wild Card round. With significant injuries hampering the team, including the loss of starting quarterback Carr, they lost to the Texans 27–14. The Raiders officially filed paperwork with the NFL on January 19, 2017, to relocate the club from Oakland to Las Vegas, Nevada
Nevada
by the 2020 season.[70] The vote for the team's relocation took place on March 27, 2017,[71] and the NFL officially approved the Raiders' relocation to Las Vegas
Las Vegas
by a 31–1 vote.[13] Only the Miami
Miami
Dolphins dissented the proposed move. Subsequently, the team announced that it will continue to be known as the Oakland Raiders
Oakland Raiders
for the 2017 and 2018 NFL seasons and will play its games in Oakland for those two seasons.[14] On December 31, 2017, following a loss to the Los Angeles Chargers
Los Angeles Chargers
in Week 17, head coach Del Rio was fired by Mark Davis.[72] Jon Gruden
Jon Gruden
returns[edit] On January 6, 2018, the team announced the return of Jon Gruden
Jon Gruden
as head coach.[73] Gruden returned to the Raiders and coaching after a nine year stint with ESPN
ESPN
serving as analyst for Monday Night Football. Championships[edit] AFL championships[edit] The Raiders finished the 1967 season with a 13–1–0 record and won the 1967 AFL Championship. They subsequently lost to the Green Bay Packers in Super Bowl
Super Bowl
II.

American Football League
American Football League
Championships

Season Coach Location Opponent Score Game

1967 John Rauch Oakland, California Houston Oilers 40–7 VIII

Super Bowl
Super Bowl
championships[edit] The Raiders have won a total of 3 Super Bowls. They won their first Super Bowl
Super Bowl
under John Madden, and their next two with Tom Flores.

Super Bowl
Super Bowl
Championships

Season Coach Location Opponent Score Super Bowl

1976 John Madden Pasadena, California Minnesota Vikings 32–14 XI

1980 Tom Flores New Orleans, Louisiana Philadelphia Eagles 27–10 XV

1983 Tom Flores Tampa, Florida Washington Redskins 38–9 XVIII

Logos and uniforms[edit]

Raiders wearing the white uniform.

When the team was founded in 1960, the Oakland Tribune
Oakland Tribune
held a name-the-team contest. The winning name was the Oakland Señors.[74] After a few days of being the butt of local jokes (and accusations that the contest was fixed, as Chet Soda
Chet Soda
was fairly well known within the Oakland business community for calling his acquaintances "señor"), the fledgling team (and its owners) changed the team's name nine days later[75] to the Oakland Raiders, which had finished third in the naming contest.[76] Chet Soda
Chet Soda
hired a well known sportswriter, Gene Lawrence Perry as the first Director of Public Relations.[77] Perry (who was hired in 1959 as the first front office hire) commissioned an unknown Berkeley artist and asked that a logo be created which included a helmeted man with an eyepatch, with the firm chin of a Randolph Scott,[78] a well known Westerns actor. The new owner’s had their newly minted Raiders logo, a pirate wearing a football helmet with an eye patch on a gold football background with two white swords in black trim with gold handles criss-crossed behind the football. The original Raiders uniforms were black and gold, while the helmets were black with a white stripe and no logo. The team wore this design from 1960 to 1962. When Al Davis became head coach and general manager in 1963, he changed the team's color scheme to silver and black, and added a logo to the helmet. This logo is a shield that consists of the word "RAIDERS" at the top, two crossed cutlasses with handles up and cutting edge down, and superimposed head of a Raider wearing a football helmet and a black eye patch covering his right eye. Over the years, it has undergone minor color modifications (such as changing the background from silver to black in 1964), but it has essentially remained the same. The Raiders' current silver and black uniform design has essentially remained the same since it debuted in 1963.[79] It consists of silver helmets, silver pants, and either black or white jerseys. The black jerseys have silver lettering names and numbers, while the white jerseys have black lettering names and numbers with silver outlining the numbers only. Originally, the white jerseys had black letters for the names and silver numbers with a thick black outline, but they were changed to black with a silver outline for the 1964 season. In 1970, the team used silver numerals with black outline and black lettering names for the season. However, in 1971, the team again displayed black numerals and have stayed that way ever since (with the exception of the 1994 season as part of the NFL's 75th Anniversary where they donned the 1963 helmets with the 1970 silver away numbers and black lettering names). The Raiders wore their white jerseys at home for the first time in their history on September 28, 2008 against the San Diego
San Diego
Chargers. The decision was made by Lane Kiffin, who was coaching his final game for the Raiders, and was purportedly due to intense heat.[80] The high temperature in Oakland that day was 78°.[81] For the 2009 season, the Raiders took part in the AFL Legacy Program and wore 1960s throwback jerseys for games against other teams from the former AFL.[82] In the 2012 and 2013 seasons, the team wore black cleats as a tribute to Al Davis. However, the team reverted to white cleats in 2014. Home fields[edit]

Oakland Alameda Coliseum
Oakland Alameda Coliseum
is part of the Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum complex, which consists of the stadium and neighboring Oracle Arena.

After splitting the first home season between Kezar Stadium
Kezar Stadium
and Candlestick, the Raiders moved exclusively to Candlestick Park
Candlestick Park
in 1961, where total attendance for the season was about 50,000, and finished 2–12. Valley threatened to move the Raiders out of the area unless a stadium was built in Oakland, so in 1962 the Raiders moved into 18,000-seat Frank Youell Field (later expanded to 22,000 seats), their first home in Oakland.[83] It was a temporary home for the team while the 53,000 seat Oakland Alameda Coliseum
Oakland Alameda Coliseum
was under construction; the Coliseum was completed in 1966. The Raiders have shared the Coliseum with the Oakland Athletics
Oakland Athletics
since the A's moved to Oakland from Kansas City in 1968, except for the years the Raiders called Los Angeles home (1982–94). The Raiders have defeated and lost to all 31 other NFL teams at the Coliseum at least once. The Raiders did play one regular season game at California
California
Memorial Stadium in Berkeley, California. On September 23, 1973 they played the Miami
Miami
Dolphins in Berkeley due to a scheduling conflict with the Athletics. The team defeated the Dolphins 12–7, ending Miami's winning streak. During the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
years, the Raiders played in the 93,000-seat Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Memorial Coliseum. New stadium proposals and relocation[edit] From the assumption of the team by Mark Davis in 2011, the Raiders had been subject to rampant relocation speculation as the team attempted to find a new stadium in Oakland or elsewhere, due to the age of Oakland Alameda Coliseum, being secondary tenants to Major League Baseball's Athletics, and the expiration of the team's lease at the end of 2016. The team will ultimately relocate to Las Vegas, Nevada
Nevada
by 2020. Las Vegas[edit] Main articles: Oakland Raiders
Oakland Raiders
relocation to Las Vegas, Las Vegas Stadium, and Sports in the Las Vegas
Las Vegas
metropolitan area § National Football League Team owner, Mark Davis, met with Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Sands owner Sheldon Adelson on January 29, 2016, about possibly relocating to a $2.3 billion, 65,000 capacity domed stadium in Las Vegas. During Davis' meeting with Adelson, he also visited the University of Nevada, Las Vegas
Las Vegas
(UNLV), which included a contingent consisting of the university's president Len Jessup, former university president Donald Snyder, Steve Wynn, and former Ultimate Fighting Championship
Ultimate Fighting Championship
(UFC) owner Lorenzo Fertitta. The stadium would replace Sam Boyd Stadium
Sam Boyd Stadium
and would serve as the home of both the Raiders and the UNLV Rebels football
UNLV Rebels football
program. The relocation to Las Vegas
Las Vegas
would be a long-term proposal, as Sam Boyd Stadium is undersized for the NFL and there are no other professional-caliber stadiums in Nevada. Raiders officials were also in Las Vegas
Las Vegas
to tour locations in the valley for a potential new home; they were also on the 42-acre site of the proposed stadium to ask questions about the site. Interviewed by sports columnist Tim Kawakami of the San Jose Mercury News, Davis said that he had a "great" visit in the city he described it as interesting. Davis also said that Las Vegas
Las Vegas
was a global city and that "it's absolutely an NFL city," as well as saying that "the Raider brand would do well" and "I think Las Vegas
Las Vegas
is coming along slowly".[84] When asked about Las Vegas
Las Vegas
on March 21, Davis said, "I think the Raiders like the Las Vegas
Las Vegas
plan," and "it's a very very very intriguing and exciting plan", referring to the stadium plan in Las Vegas. Davis also met with Nevada
Nevada
Governor Brian Sandoval
Brian Sandoval
about the stadium plan. Davis toured Sam Boyd Stadium
Sam Boyd Stadium
on April 1 to evaluate whether UNLV could serve as a temporary home of the team and was with UNLV football coach Tony Sanchez, athletic director Tina Kunzer-Murphy, adviser Don Snyder and school president Len Jessup to further explore the possibility of the Raiders moving to Las Vegas. Davis said on April 28 he wanted to move the Raiders to Las Vegas
Las Vegas
and pledged $500 million toward the construction of a proposed $2.4 billion domed stadium.[85][86] "Together we can turn the Silver State into the silver and black state," Davis said.[85][87] At a media conference in UNLV's Stan Fulton Building, Davis also said the club had "made a commitment to Las Vegas
Las Vegas
at this point in time and that's where it stands." In an interview with ESPN
ESPN
after returning from a meeting for the 2016 NFL draft
2016 NFL draft
he expanded upon reasons why Southern Nevada
Nevada
held a certain appeal over the East Bay of the Oakland– San Francisco
San Francisco
Bay Area, how he tried to make it work in Oakland and why (as he told Sandoval) he hopes to turn Nevada
Nevada
into the "Silver and Black State"; he also spoke of the meeting saying, "It was a positive, well-organized presentation that I believe was well-received", and stating, "It was a very positive step in finding the Raiders a home." On May 20, 2016, New England Patriots
New England Patriots
owner Robert Kraft
Robert Kraft
said he would support Davis and the Raiders move to Las Vegas, stating, "I think it would be good for the NFL."[88] If the Raiders were to move to Las Vegas the only competition they would have is the Vegas Golden Knights of the National Hockey League.[89] Raiders officials met with Northern Nevada
Nevada
officials on August 11 about the possibility of Reno being the site of a new training camp/practice facility and toured several sites including the University of Nevada, Reno, Reno area high schools, and sports complexes.[90] The Raiders filed a trademark application two weeks later on August 25 for " Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Raiders" on the same day renderings of a new stadium (located west of Interstate 15
Interstate 15
at Las Vegas) were released to the public.[91] The Southern Nevada
Nevada
Tourism Infrastructure Committee unanimously voted on September 15 to recommend and approve $750 million for the Las Vegas stadium plan.[92] The Nevada
Nevada
Senate voted 16–5 on October 11 to approve the funding bill for the Las Vegas
Las Vegas
stadium proposal.[93] The Nevada
Nevada
Assembly voted 28–13 three days later to approve the bill to fund the new Las Vegas stadium proposal; two days later, Sandoval signed the funding bill into law.[94] Davis told ESPN
ESPN
on October 15 that even if the Raiders are approved by the league to relocate to the Las Vegas
Las Vegas
metropolitan area, the club would play the next two seasons at the Oakland Alameda Coliseum
Oakland Alameda Coliseum
in 2017 and 2018, stating "We want to bring a Super Bowl
Super Bowl
championship back to the Bay Area."[95] The team would then play at a temporary facility in 2019 after its lease at the Coliseum expires. Davis has also indicated a desire to play at least one preseason game in Las Vegas, at Sam Boyd Stadium, as early as the 2017 season.[96] The following day, Nevada
Nevada
Governor Brian Sandoval
Brian Sandoval
signed into law Senate Bill 1 and Assembly Bill 1 which approved a hotel room rate tax increase to accommodate $750 million in public funding for the new stadium.[97][98] A November 12 report from the NFL's own in-house media team outlined how Las Vegas
Las Vegas
might not be a done deal. The report stated that the majority of owners favor the Raiders staying in Oakland due to market size and stability. The vast majority of the NFL's revenue comes from TV contracts. So because of that, it made little sense for the other 31 NFL owners to vote in favor of one of their partners abandoning the 6th biggest media market for the 42nd. It remains to be seen if the leverage created in Las Vegas
Las Vegas
will result in a stadium deal in Oakland or if a no-move vote from the other owners will simply start the stadium search process over again.[99] The Raiders officially filed paperwork to relocate from Oakland to Las Vegas on January 19, 2017.[70] The Raiders move would still need approval of 24 of the 32 NFL owners to officially move to Vegas.[100] A vote on the matter would come in March.[100] It was also said that if the relocation was approved team would still be called the "Oakland" Raiders as long the club remained in Oakland in 2017 and 2018 to finish out its lease at the Coliseum.[101] On January 30, 2017, it was announced that Adelson had dropped out of the stadium project, also withdrawing the Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Sands' proposed $650 million contribution from the project. Instead, the Raiders would increase their contribution from $500 million to $1.15 billion.[102] One day after Adelson's announcement, Goldman Sachs
Goldman Sachs
(the company behind the financing to the proposed Las Vegas
Las Vegas
stadium) announced its intent to withdraw from the project.[103] The Raiders revealed on March 6 Bank of America
Bank of America
would be replacing the Sheldon Adelson
Sheldon Adelson
portion of the funding.[104][105] The National Football League officially approved the Raiders move from Oakland to Las Vegas
Las Vegas
in a 31–1 vote on March 27, ensuring them the new stadium in the process.[13][14] The Raiders plan to continue playing in Oakland through at least 2018, pending the completion of the new stadium in Las Vegas.[106] Despite the pending move, the team's 53,250 season tickets for 2017 were all sold out by late May.[107] Past new stadium and relocation possibilities[edit] Prior to settling on Las Vegas, the Raiders had been linked to a number of new stadium projects. Santa Clara, California[edit] Main article: Levi's Stadium There had been discussions for the Raiders to share Levi's Stadium with the San Francisco
San Francisco
49ers.[108] However, the 49ers went ahead without the Raiders and broke ground on the $1.2 billion stadium on April 19, 2012[109] and have since sold $670 million worth of seats including 70% of club and luxury suites, making it unlikely that the Raiders would continue to explore the idea of sharing the stadium as they would now be secondary tenants with little to no commercial rights over the highly lucrative luxury suites.[110] Raiders' owner Mark Davis further increased the unlikelihood of the Raiders and the 49ers to share Levi's stadium when he told NFL Network reporter Ian Rapoport that he has no plans to share the stadium but that he did recognize the Raiders' need for a new home and that he hoped the new home would be in Oakland.[111] When Levi's Stadium
Levi's Stadium
had its grand opening on July 17, 2014, NFL commissioner Roger Goodell mentioned to the live crowd that it would make a great home for the Raiders and that it is up for the team to decide whether or not it wants to play there or build a stadium on the site of the O.co Coliseum.[112] Had the Raiders moved to Santa Clara, this would have marked the third time the Raiders and 49ers use the same venue. Before the Coliseum was built, the Raiders shared Kezar Stadium
Kezar Stadium
and Candlestick Park
Candlestick Park
with the 49ers in San Francisco
San Francisco
in 1960 and 1961. Los Angeles[edit] Main articles: National Football League
National Football League
in Los Angeles, Carson Stadium, Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Stadium at Hollywood Park, and History of the Los Angeles Raiders § Attempted return to Los Angeles On February 19, 2015, the Raiders and the Chargers announced that they would build a privately financed $1.78 billion stadium in Carson, California
California
if they were to move to the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
market.[113] Both teams stated that they would continue to attempt to get stadiums built in their respective cities.[114] The Carson City Council would bypass the public vote and approved the plan 3–0.[115] The council voted without having clarified several issues, including who would finance the stadium, how the required three-way land swap would be performed, and how it would raise enough revenue if only one team moved in as tenant.[116] On January 12, the NFL rejected the Raiders' relocation request. However, the NFL left open the possibility of the Raiders relocating to Los Angeles
Los Angeles
by 2019, playing in a new stadium under construction in Inglewood, California
Inglewood, California
to house the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Rams. The San Diego Chargers
San Diego Chargers
however had the first option to join the Rams at the new stadium, but the Raiders would have been authorized to negotiate an agreement if the Chargers did not exercise their option by January 2017.[117] The Chargers exercised their option on January 12, 2017, effectively ending any possible Raiders' relocation to Los Angeles. New stadium in Oakland[edit] On March 7, 2012, then-mayor Jean Quan
Jean Quan
unveiled an ambitious project to the media that was designed to improve the sports facilities of all three major league sports teams in the city (the Raiders, Major League Baseball
Baseball
(MLB)'s Athletics and the National Basketball
Basketball
Association (NBA)'s Golden State Warriors), as well as attract new businesses to the city. The project, dubbed Coliseum City, had entailed the redevelopment of the existing Oakland Alameda Coliseum
Oakland Alameda Coliseum
complex. The redevelopment would have seen the construction of two new stadiums on the present location, a baseball-only stadium and a football-only stadium, while Oracle Arena, home of the Warriors, will be either rebuilt or undergo extensive renovations. A sum of $3.5 million was committed to preliminary planning on the project. However, no officials from either of Oakland's major league teams were present at the media conference. According to the San Francisco
San Francisco
Business Times, Oakland's assistant city administrator Fred Blackwell said the Bay Investment Group LLC, an entity being formed by ColonyCapital LLC, Rashid Al Malik (chairman and CEO of HayaH Holdings), and the city, had numerous details to continue working out for the prospective $2 billion Coliseum City project, which covered 800 acres surrounding the Oakland Alameda Coliseum Complex. The development team also included JRDV Urban International, HKS Architects, and Forest City Real Estate Services. In an ideal situation, construction would have started by the end of 2014.[118] Meanwhile, as of 2014, the Warriors were going forward with plans to build a new arena at Mission Bay, not far from AT&T Park, and move back across the Bay Area from Oakland to San Francisco
San Francisco
as soon as 2019. Ronnie Lott proposal[edit] On May 23, 2016, It was reported by the San Francisco
San Francisco
Chronicle and other media outlets that a group led by NFL Hall of Famer Ronnie Lott and retired quarterback Rodney Peete
Rodney Peete
were looking into building a new stadium for the Raiders. The group had met with team executives and Oakland city officials to brief them on their proposal. They also met with mayor Libby Schaaf. The Alameda County Board of Supervisors voted to begin negotiations with Lott's group and with the city of Oakland regarding the "price and terms of sale" for the 120-acre land of the Oakland Coliseum and Oracle Arena. On November 22, 2016, a framework deal to keep the Raiders in Oakland was announced. The Ronnie Lott proposal was voted on by the Oakland city and Alameda County elected officials on December 13, 2016[119] and approved by Oakland in a 7–0 vote and by Alameda County in a 3–1 vote.[120][121] On March 1, 2017, Fortress Investment Group
Fortress Investment Group
submitted a tweaked version of the stadium plan to the NFL. On March 27, 2017, the Las Vegas
Las Vegas
plan was picked over the Lott plan by NFL owners with approval of the franchise's eventual relocation to Las Vegas. San Antonio, Texas[edit] On July 29, 2014, it was reported by the San Antonio
San Antonio
Express-News that Mark Davis met with officials from the city of San Antonio
San Antonio
to discuss the possibility of relocating the Raiders to San Antonio
San Antonio
after the 2014–15 NFL season.[122] Davis confirmed that he did speak with San Antonio city officials while visiting San Antonio
San Antonio
to honor former Raiders wide receiver Cliff Branch's induction into a local Hall of Fame, but did not comment on whether he was considering relocation to San Antonio.[123] San Antonio
San Antonio
is home to the 65,000-seat Alamodome, where the Raiders would have played until a new stadium could be built. Concord, California[edit] The abandoned Concord Naval Weapons Station, 26.6 miles from Oakland, was announced in 2013 as a possible location for a new stadium.[124] San Diego, California[edit] On January 31, 2017, in the aftermath of Adelson and Goldman Sachs' withdrawal from Las Vegas
Las Vegas
stadium deal the San Diego
San Diego
Union-Tribune reported that Mayor Kevin Faulconer
Kevin Faulconer
reached out to an NFL official to know they are eager to engage; a city official also spoke to a Raiders official on the phone. The Union-Tribune noted that any possible Raiders relocation to San Diego
San Diego
or bringing a team to the city would be aided by a proposal for a soccer-specific stadium and mixed development. NFL commissioner Roger Goodell
Roger Goodell
reiterated, during his State of the NFL address, that San Diego
San Diego
would need a new stadium in order to be a relocation possibility. Another roadblock for a Raiders relocation to the city would have been the owners of the current Los Angeles teams. Stan Kroenke and Dean Spanos would block any team from sharing Southern California, especially if that team is the Raiders (given the team's continued popularity in the region). San Diego, as an option for the Raiders, was remote. San Diego
San Diego
was previously home to the San Diego Chargers
San Diego Chargers
from 1961 until 2016 (when the team relocated to the Greater Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Area); a Raiders move there would have been ironic given that the team's primary rival the Chargers were based in that city. On February 16, 2017, the San Diego Union-Tribune obtained a letter from Doug Manchester that stated he had "assembled a powerful group of associates" who would develop a 70,000-seat stadium on the land of Qualcomm Stadium; the letter also stated the project would provide "a viable alternative" to the Raiders in case Las Vegas
Las Vegas
fell through; the group also stated that they were "open to working with the Chargers, Raiders, other NFL owners, or a new ownership group"; it also stated an NFL franchise could participate as a partner or tenant: "Our group will provide the funds previously allocated to be provided by the City of San Diego
San Diego
and guarantee the stadium's expeditious construction. Accordingly it will not require voter approval." It also says they would provide "new state of the art scoreboards and upgrade Qualcomm Stadium while the new stadium is being constructed". Culture[edit]

The Raider Nation
Raider Nation
is the unofficial name for the fans of the NFL's Oakland Raiders. They are particularly associated with a section of the Oakland Alameda Coliseum
Oakland Alameda Coliseum
known as the "Black Hole".

Slogans[edit] Al Davis coined slogans such as "Pride and Poise", "Commitment to Excellence", and "Just Win, Baby"—all of which are registered trademarks of the team.[125] "Commitment to Excellence" comes from a quote of Vince Lombardi, "The quality of a person's life is in direct proportion to their commitment to excellence, regardless of their chosen field of endeavor."[126] Raider Nation[edit] Main article: Raider Nation The nickname Raider Nation
Raider Nation
refers to the die hard fans of the team spread throughout the United States
United States
and the world.[127] Members of the Raider Nation
Raider Nation
who attend home games are known for arriving to the stadium early, tailgating, and dressing up in face masks and black outfits. The Raider Nation
Raider Nation
is also known for the Black Hole, a specific area of the Coliseum (sections 104–107) frequented by the team's rowdiest and most fervent fans.[128][129] Al Davis created the phrase Raider Nation
Raider Nation
in 1968. In September 2009, Ice Cube
Ice Cube
recorded a song for the Raiders named "Raider Nation".[citation needed] In 2010, he took part in a documentary for ESPN's 30 for 30
30 for 30
series titled Straight Outta L.A..[130] It mainly focuses on N.W.A and the effect of the Raiders' image on their persona.[131] In 2012, Ice Cube
Ice Cube
wrote another song for the Raiders, as a part of Pepsi's NFL Anthems campaign, "Come and Get It". It was released on September 14, 2012.[132] Cheerleaders[edit] Main article: Oakland Raiderettes

The Oakland Raiderettes
Oakland Raiderettes
performing a routine.

The Oakland Raiderettes
Oakland Raiderettes
are the cheerleading squad for the Oakland Raiders. They were established in 1961 as the Oakland Raiderettes. During the team's time in Los Angeles
Los Angeles
they were the Los Angeles Raiderettes. They have been billed as "Football's Fabulous Females".

Radio and television[edit] Oakland Raiders
Oakland Raiders
Radio Network[edit]

Map of radio affiliates in the western US

Main article: List of Oakland Raiders
Oakland Raiders
broadcasters Raider games are broadcast in English on 16 radio stations in California, including flagship station KGMZ
KGMZ
95.7 (FM) "The Game" in San Francisco. Additionally, games are broadcast on 20 radio stations in Nevada, Oregon, Colorado, Hawaii, and Arkansas. Greg Papa
Greg Papa
is the play-by-play announcer, with former Raider coach and quarterback Tom Flores doing commentary. George Atkinson and Jim Plunkett offer pre- and post-game commentary. Compass Media Networks
Compass Media Networks
is responsible for producing and distributing Raiders radio broadcasts. Bill King was the voice of the Raiders from 1966 to 1992, during which time he called approximately 600 games. The Raiders awarded him rings for all three of their Super Bowl
Super Bowl
victories. It is King's radio audio heard on most of the NFL Films
NFL Films
highlight footage of the Raiders. King's call of the Holy Roller has been labeled (by Chris Berman, among others) as one of the five best in NFL history. King died in October 2005 from complications after surgery. Former San Francisco 49ers tight end Monty Stickles and Scotty Stirling, an Oakland Tribune sportswriter, served as "color men" with King. The Raider games were called on radio from 1960 to 1962 by Bud (Wilson Keene) Foster and Mel Venter, and from 1963 to 1965 by Bob Blum and Dan Galvin. In June 2017, it was announced that Beasley Media Group has a two-year deal as the Las Vegas
Las Vegas
flagship radio partner of the Raiders. Beasley's stations KCYE-FM (102.7) "The Coyote" and KDWN-AM (720) will carry all 20 preseason and regular season games for the 2017 season.[133] Television[edit] The Raiders' games are broadcast in the Bay Area on CBS affiliate KPIX and in Las Vegas
Las Vegas
on CBS affiliate KLAS-TV
KLAS-TV
(when playing an AFC opponent) and on Fox Bay Area affiliate KTVU
KTVU
and Las Vegas
Las Vegas
affiliate KVVU-TV
KVVU-TV
(when hosting an NFC opponent), unless the game is blacked out locally. Sunday night and a few Thursday night games are on NBC
NBC
Bay Area affiliate KNTV
KNTV
and Las Vegas
Las Vegas
affiliate KSNV. The Raiders are a beneficiary of league scheduling policies. Both the Raiders and the San Francisco
San Francisco
49ers share the San Francisco
San Francisco
Bay Area market, on the West Coast of the United States. This means that the Raiders cannot play any home games, road division games against the Denver Broncos
Denver Broncos
or Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Chargers, or interconference road games against the NFC West (in seasons that the AFC West and NFC West meet in interconference play) in the early 10:00 a.m. Pacific time slot. In addition, they cannot play interconference home games at the same time or network as the 49ers. As a result, both teams generally have more limited scheduling options, and also benefit by receiving more prime time games than usual. In light of the pending relocation of the Raider franchise to Las Vegas, KVVU-TV, the local Fox affiliate in Las Vegas
Las Vegas
will carry all Oakland Raiders
Oakland Raiders
preseason games and special content alongside Bay Area preseason game and special content broadcaster KTVU.[134] Rivals[edit] The Raiders have rivalries with the other three teams in the AFC West (Denver Broncos, Kansas City Chiefs, and Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Chargers) and a geographic rivalry with the San Francisco
San Francisco
49ers. They also have rivalries with other teams that arose from playoff battles in the past, most notably with the Pittsburgh Steelers
Pittsburgh Steelers
and the New England Patriots. The Seattle Seahawks
Seattle Seahawks
have an old rivalry with Oakland as well, but the rivalry became less relevant when the Seahawks moved to the NFC West as part of the NFL's 2002 realignment. Divisional rivals[edit]

Kansas City Chiefs

Further information: Chiefs–Raiders rivalry

The Raiders playing the Chiefs in the 1969 AFL championship game

The Chiefs are the Raiders biggest (and most hated) divisional foe, and the bitter rivalry between the two teams have had several memorable moments. Oakland lost the 1969 AFL Championship against Kansas City, who went on to beat the Minnesota Vikings
Minnesota Vikings
and win the Super Bowl. From 1990 to 1999, the Raiders have lost 17 out of 20 regular season meetings between the Chiefs, including a 10–game losing streak at Kansas City; the Raiders also lost to the Chiefs on December 28, 1991 Wild Card Playoffs; final score was 10–6. On September 8, 1996, the Chiefs also began to lead the overall series against the Raiders for the first time since November 23, 1969. On January 1, 2000, the last game of the 1999 NFL regular season, the Raiders defeated the Chiefs for the first time in Kansas City since 1988 in overtime on a 33-yard field goal kick made by Joe Nedney. The Chiefs lead the overall series 62–53–2, and are the only team in the AFC West that the Raiders have a losing record against. Oakland currently has defeated Kansas City just twice since the 2012 NFL season. Until October 19, 2017 - when they defeated the Chiefs, 31-30 on a game-tying touchdown on the last play of the game, leading to a game winning PAT - the Raiders had lost 5 straight to the Chiefs, their previous win against them being in the 2014 season.

Denver Broncos

Further information: Broncos–Raiders rivalry

The Raiders playing against the Broncos in the 1977-78 AFC Championship Game.

The Raiders' rivalry with the Broncos, while not as bitter as their rivalry with the Chiefs, is still very heated, as the two teams have faced each other twice a year since the AFL's inception. The Raiders had a 14-game winning streak against the Broncos from 1965 to 1971, which lasted until October 22, 1972 when the Broncos defeated the Raiders 30–23. While the Raiders still hold the advantage in the all-time series 60–49–2, the Broncos amassed 21 wins in 28 games, from the 1995 season and the arrival of Broncos head coach Mike Shanahan, through the 2008 season. Shanahan coached the Raiders before being fired just four games into the 1989 season, which has only served to intensify this rivalry. On Sunday, October 24, 2010, the Raiders beat the Broncos (59–14), giving the Raiders the most points scored in a game in the team's history. On December 13, 2015, The Raiders pulled a huge upset on the Broncos (15–12) by a spectacular performance from their defense allowing 4 field goals. Linebacker Khalil Mack
Khalil Mack
who recorded 5 sacks In that game against Denver which is tied the most sacks in franchise along with Howie Long. The Broncos' first ever Super Bowl
Super Bowl
appearance (in the 1977 season) was made possible by defeating Oakland in the AFC Championship. Final Score was 20–17.

Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Chargers

Further information: Chargers–Raiders rivalry The Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Chargers' rivalry with Oakland dates to the 1963 season, when the Raiders defeated the heavily favored Chargers twice, both come-from-behind fourth quarter victories. The Raiders held a streak without losing to the Chargers with a 16–0–2 record from 1968 to 1977. One of the most memorable games between these teams was the "Holy Roller" game in 1978, in which the Raiders fumbled for a touchdown in a very controversial play. In January 1981, the Chargers hosted their first AFC title against the Raiders. The Raiders were victorious over the Chargers of a score 34–27. The Raiders ended up moving on to play in Super Bowl
Super Bowl
15 defeating the Eagles 27–10. On November 22, 1982, the Raiders hosted their first Monday Night football game in Los Angeles
Los Angeles
against the San Diego
San Diego
Chargers. The Chargers led the game in the 1st half 24–0 until the Raiders came into the 2nd half and made a huge comeback and defeated the San Diego Chargers 28–24. On October 10, 2010, The Raiders ended their 13-game losing streak to the San Diego Chargers
San Diego Chargers
with a score of 35–27. The Raiders hold the overall series advantage at 59–50–2. Battle of the Bay rivalry[edit] The San Francisco
San Francisco
49ers, located on the other side of San Francisco Bay, are the Raiders' geographic rivals. The first exhibition game, played in 1967, ended with the 49ers defeating the AFL Raiders 13–10. After the 1970 merger, the 49ers won in Oakland 38–7. As a result, games between the two are referred to as the "Battle of the Bay."[citation needed] Since the two teams play in different conferences, regular season matchups happen only once every four years. Fans and players of the winning team can claim "bragging rights" as the better team in the area. On August 20, 2011, in the third week of the preseason, the preseason game between the rivals was marked by fights in restrooms and stands at Candlestick Park, including a shooting outside the stadium in which several were injured. The NFL has decided to cancel all future preseason games between the Raiders and 49ers. The Raiders currently lead the all-time regular season series with 7 wins to the 49ers' 6. Oakland won the latest matchup at home 24–13, on December 7 in Week 14 of the 2014 regular season. Unless the NFL scheduling formula is reconfigured, the next matchup will be in 2018. Historical rivals[edit] The rivalry between the Raiders and New England Patriots
New England Patriots
dates to their time in the AFL, but was intensified during a 1978 preseason game, when Patriots wide receiver Darryl Stingley was permanently paralyzed after a vicious hit delivered by Raiders free safety Jack Tatum. Before that, New England also lost a playoff game in 1976 to the Raiders; the game is unofficially known as "The Ben Dreith Game" due to a controversial penalty by head referee Dreith. While based in Los Angeles, the team hosted New England in the divisional round of the playoffs in 1986. The game was won by New England and marred by a chaotic rumble between the teams in the end zone as players were leaving the field after the game. The brawl was especially notable for Matt Millen
Matt Millen
attacking Patriots GM Patrick Sullivan with his helmet. The two teams met in a divisional-round playoff game in 2002, which became known as the "Tuck Rule Game". Late in the game, an incomplete pass, ruled a fumble, by Patriots quarterback Tom Brady
Tom Brady
was overturned, and New England went on to win in overtime and eventually won the Super Bowl
Super Bowl
against the heavily favored St. Louis
St. Louis
Rams, the Raiders' former crosstown rivals in Los Angeles.[135] Since that game, the Patriots have won five of the last six regular season contests between the two teams. The first contest being the following year during the 2002 season in Oakland, with the Raiders winning 27–20; they met in the 2005 season opener in New England with the Patriots ruining Randy Moss' debut as a Raider 30–20; the Patriots defeated the Raiders 49–26 in December 2008 in Bill Belichick's 100th regular season win as Patriots coach; a Patriots 31–19 win during the 2011 season; a scrappy 16–9 Patriots win in the third week of the 2014 season, and the Patriots' 33–8 win in Mexico City in 2017. The New York Jets
New York Jets
began a strong rivalry with the Raiders in the AFL during the 1960s that continued through much of the 1970s, fueled in part by Raider Ike Lassiter breaking star quarterback Joe Namath's jaw during a 1967 game (though Ben Davidson
Ben Davidson
wrongly got blamed),[136] the famous Heidi Game
Heidi Game
during the 1968 season, and the Raiders' bitter loss to the Jets in the AFL Championship later that season. The rivalry waned in later years, but saw a minor resurgence in the 2000–02 period.[137][138] The Jets edged the Raiders in the final week of the 2001 season 24–22 on a last-second John Hall field goal; the Raiders hosted the Jets in the Wild Card round the following Saturday and won 38–24. In the 2002 season the Raiders defeated the Jets 26–20 in December, then defeated them again in the AFC Divisional Playoffs, 30–10. The Raiders lost the 37–27 on December 8, 2013, but won the most recent matchup 20–34 on November 1, 2015.[139] Rivalries that have waned in recent[when?] years have been with the Miami
Miami
Dolphins and Houston Oilers/Tennessee Titans. The Raiders faced the Dolphins twice in the early 1970s; the Dolphins defeated the Raiders in the 1973 AFC Championship Game
AFC Championship Game
27–10 on their way to Super Bowl
Super Bowl
VIII. The next year in the divisional playoffs the Raiders trailed Miami
Miami
26–21; in the final minute the Raiders drove to the Miami
Miami
eight yard line; a desperation pass by Ken Stabler
Ken Stabler
was caught in traffic by Clarence Davis in the play known as the "Sea Of Hands." The Pittsburgh Steelers' rivalry with the Raiders has historically been very tight; as of the 2015 season the Raiders lead the regular season series 12 wins to 10, and their playoff rivalry is tied 3–3. The rivalry was extremely intense during the 1970s. The Steelers knocked the Raiders out of the playoffs in three of four consecutive seasons in the early 1970s (the first loss was the "Immaculate Reception" game) until the Raiders finally beat the Steelers in the 1976 AFC Championship (and went on to win Super Bowl
Super Bowl
XI). During the 1975 AFC Championship game, Raiders strong safety George Atkinson delivered a hit on Pittsburgh wide receiver Lynn Swann
Lynn Swann
that gave him a concussion. When the two teams met in the 1976 season opener, Atkinson hit Swann again and gave him another concussion. After the second incident, Steelers head coach Chuck Noll
Chuck Noll
referred to Atkinson as part of the "criminal element" in the NFL. Atkinson filed a $2 million defamation lawsuit against Noll and the Steelers, which he lost.[140] The two clubs' three most recent contests harkened back to the rivalry's history of bitterness and close competition. On December 6, 2009 the 3–8 Raiders helped spoil the defending champions' quest for the playoffs as the game lead changed five times in the fourth quarter and a Louis Murphy
Louis Murphy
touchdown with 11 seconds to go won it 27–24 for the Raiders. Oakland was then beaten 35–3 by Pittsburgh on November 21, 2010; this game brought out the roughness of the rivalry's 1970s history when Steelers quarterback Ben Roethlisberger
Ben Roethlisberger
was punched by Raiders defensive end Richard Seymour
Richard Seymour
following a touchdown. Most recently, on November 8, 2015, the Steelers outplayed the Raiders for a 38–35 victory. During the game, the Raiders defense allowed wide receiver Antonio Brown to catch 17 passes for 284 yards. Both are Steelers team records and the 284 yards is the 7th most yards receiving in a game in NFL history. The Raiders faced the Houston Oilers
Houston Oilers
throughout the AFL era and twice in AFL playoffs in the late 1960s, winning 40–7 in 1967 on their way to Super Bowl II
Super Bowl II
and 56–7 in the 1969 divisional playoffs. Oakland defeated the Oilers in the 1980 Wild Card playoffs 27–7 and defeated the Titans in the 2002 AFC Championship Game
AFC Championship Game
41–24; the combined scores of these four games is 164–45. Historic battle for Los Angeles
Los Angeles
rivalry[edit] As mentioned earlier, the Oakland Raiders
Oakland Raiders
and Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Rams had a rivalry during the 13 years both teams shared the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
market. The teams met six times in the regular season in this period; Raiders won the 1st meeting 37–31 when both teams met in this period on December 18, 1982, with the Raiders winning four times during the battle of Los Angeles. Raiders vs. opponents[edit] Notes:

Regular season record (all-time): 462–411–11 (.529) as of week 17 of the 2017 NFL season.[141] Playoff record (all-time): 25–19 The Kansas City Chiefs
Kansas City Chiefs
were known as the Dallas Texans. The New York Jets
New York Jets
were known as the New York Titans. The Tennessee Titans
Tennessee Titans
were known as the Houston Oilers.

Raiders vs. NFL

Opponent First meeting Regular season Playoffs

Wins Losses Ties Win % Wins Losses Win %

Arizona Cardinals 1973 5 4 0 .556 0 0 –

Atlanta Falcons 1971 7 7 0 .500 0 0 –

Baltimore Ravens 1996 3 7 0 .300 0 1 .000

Buffalo Bills 1960 21 18 0 .538 0 2 .000

Carolina Panthers 1997 3 3 0 .500 0 0 –

Chicago Bears 1972 7 7 0 .500 0 0 –

Cincinnati Bengals 1968 18 10 0 .643 2 0 1.000

Cleveland Browns 1970 12 10 0 .545 2 0 1.000

Dallas Cowboys 1974 6 6 0 .500 0 0 –

Denver Broncos 1960 62 51 2 .548 1 1 .500

Detroit Lions 1970 6 6 0 .500 0 0 –

Green Bay Packers 1968 5 7 0 .417 0 1 .000

Houston Texans 2004 4 6 0 .400 0 1 .000

Indianapolis Colts 1971 8 6 0 .571 1 1 .500

Jacksonville Jaguars 1996 4 4 0 .500 0 0 –

Kansas City Chiefs 1960 52 61 2 .461 1 2 .333

Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Chargers 1960 62 52 2 .543 1 0 1.000

Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Rams 1972 8 5 0 .615 0 0 –

Miami
Miami
Dolphins 1966 17 16 1 .515 3 1 .750

Minnesota Vikings 1973 9 5 0 .643 1 0 1.000

New England Patriots 1960 14 17 1 .453 1 2 .333

New Orleans
New Orleans
Saints 1971 6 6 1 .500 0 0 –

New York Giants 1973 8 5 0 .615 0 0 –

New York Jets 1960 23 17 2 .571 2 2 .500

Philadelphia Eagles 1971 5 7 0 .417 1 0 1.000

Pittsburgh Steelers 1970 12 10 0 .545 3 3 .500

San Francisco
San Francisco
49ers 1970 7 6 0 .538 0 0 –

Seattle Seahawks 1977 28 24 0 .538 1 1 .500

Tampa Bay Buccaneers 1976 7 2 0 .778 0 1 .000

Tennessee Titans 1960 26 20 0 .565 4 0 1.000

Washington Redskins 1970 7 6 0 .538 1 0 1.000

Ownership, administration and financial operations[edit] Founding of the franchise[edit] Max Winter, a Minneapolis businessman was among the eight proposed franchise owners in the American Football League. In a move typical of the NFL owners who were frightened by the prospect of competition and continually obstructed the new league, they offered Winter an expansion franchise in the NFL. This was after the NFL had rejected Lamar Hunt's feelers, saying they were not interested in expansion. One of many obfuscations put forward by the NFL in its attempt to derail the AFL. After the AFL's first draft, in which players were selected for the then nameless Minneapolis franchise, Winter reneged from his agreement with the AFL owners and defected to the NFL with a franchise that started play in 1961 and was named the Minnesota Vikings. The Vikings were never an AFL team, nor did they have any association with the AFL. Many of the players (including Abner Haynes) that had been assigned to the UNNAMED and defunct Minneapolis AFL franchise were signed by some of the seven loyal remaining members of the AFL's 'Foolish Club'. The city of Oakland was awarded the eighth AFL franchise on January 30, 1960. Once the consortium of owners was found for the eighth franchise, the team was named the Raiders.[142][143] Because many of the defunct Minneapolis franchise's originally drafted players were signed by other AFL teams, the AFL held an 'allocation' draft, in which each team earmarked players that could be chosen by the Raiders. The Minneapolis group did not take with them any of the rights to players they drafted when they defected to the NFL, because their first draft in that league was in 1961. The Raiders were not originally in Minnesota as some claim. They were a new, charter franchise in the American Football League. One reason they were so weak in the first few years of the AFL was that the other AFL teams did not make quality players available in the allocation draft. At the time, Oakland seemed an unlikely venue for a professional football team. The city had not asked for a team, there was no ownership group and there was no stadium in Oakland suitable for pro football (the closest stadiums were in Berkeley and San Francisco) and there was already a successful NFL franchise in the Bay Area in the San Francisco
San Francisco
49ers. However, the AFL owners selected Oakland after Los Angeles Chargers
Los Angeles Chargers
owner Barron Hilton
Barron Hilton
threatened to forfeit his franchise unless a second team was placed on the West Coast.[144] Upon receiving the franchise, Oakland civic leaders found a number of businesspeople willing to invest in the new team. A limited partnership was formed to own the team headed by managing general partner Y. Charles (Chet) Soda (1908–89), a local real estate developer, and included general partners Ed McGah (1899–1983), Robert Osborne (1898–1968), F. Wayne Valley (1914–86), restaurateur Harvey Binns (1914–82), Don Blessing (1904–2000), and contractor Charles Harney (1902–62)[145] as well as numerous limited partners. The Raiders finished their first campaign with a 6–8 record, and lost $500,000. Desperately in need of money to continue running the team, Valley received a $400,000 loan from Buffalo Bills
Buffalo Bills
founder Ralph C. Wilson Jr.[146] After the conclusion of the first season Soda dropped out of the partnership, and on January 17, 1961, Valley, McGah and Osborne bought out the remaining four general partners. Soon after, Valley and McGah purchased Osborne's interest, with Valley named as the managing general partner. In 1962, Valley hired Al Davis, a former assistant coach for the San Diego Chargers, as head coach and general manager. In April 1966, Davis left the Raiders after being named AFL Commissioner. Two months later, the league announced its merger with the NFL. With the merger, the position of commissioner was no longer needed, and Davis entered into discussions with Valley about returning to the Raiders. On July 25, 1966, Davis returned as part owner of the team. He purchased a 10% interest in the team for US $18,000, and became the team's third general partner — the partner in charge of football operations.[18][19] In 1972, with Wayne Valley out of the country for several weeks attending the Olympic Games in Munich, Davis's attorneys drafted a revised partnership agreement that gave him total control over all of the Raiders' operations. McGah, a supporter of Davis, signed the agreement. Under partnership law, by a 2–1 vote of the general partners, the new agreement was thus ratified. Valley was furious when he discovered this, and immediately filed suit to have the new agreement overturned, but the court sided with Davis and McGah. In 1976, Valley sold his interest in the team, and Davis — who now owned only 25% of the Raiders — was firmly in charge.[18][147] Current ownership structure[edit] Legally, the club is a limited partnership with nine partners — Davis' heirs and the heirs of the original eight team partners. From 1972 onward, Davis had exercised near-complete control as president of the team's general partner, A.D. Football, Inc. Although exact ownership stakes are not known, it has been reported that Davis owned 47% of the team shares before his death in 2011.[148] Ed McGah, the last of the original eight general partners of the Raiders, died in September 1983. Upon his death, his interest was devised to a family trust, of which his son, E.J. McGah, was the trustee. The younger McGah was himself a part-owner of the team, as a limited partner, and died in 2002. Several members of the McGah family filed suit against Davis in October 2003, alleging mismanagement of the team by Davis. The lawsuit sought monetary damages and to remove Davis and A. D. Football, Inc. as the team's managing general partner. Among their specific complaints, the McGahs alleged that Davis failed to provide them with detailed financial information previously provided to Ed and E.J. McGah. The Raiders countered that—under the terms of the partnership agreement as amended in 1972—upon the death of the elder McGah in 1983, his general partner interest converted to that of a limited partner. The team continued to provide the financial information to the younger McGah as a courtesy, though it was under no obligation to do so.[149] The majority of the lawsuit was dismissed in April 2004, when an Alameda County Superior Court judge ruled that the case lacked merit since none of the other partners took part in the lawsuit.[citation needed] In October 2005, the lawsuit was settled out of court. The terms of the settlement are confidential, but it was reported that under its terms Davis purchased the McGah family's interest in the Raiders (approximately 31%), which gave him for the first time a majority interest, speculated to be approximately 67% of the team. As a result of the settlement, confidential details concerning Al Davis and the ownership of the Raiders were not released to the public.[citation needed] His ownership share went down to 47% when he sold 20% of the team to Wall Street investors[148] In 2006, it was reported that Davis had been attempting to sell the 31% ownership stake in the team obtained from the McGah family. He was unsuccessful in this effort, reportedly because the sale would not give the purchaser any control of the Raiders, even in the event of Davis's death.[150] Al Davis died on October 8, 2011, at 82. According to a 1999 partnership agreement, Davis' interest passed to his wife, Carol.[150] After Davis' death, Raiders chief executive Amy Trask said that the team "will remain in the Davis family."[6] Al and Carol's son, Mark, inherited his father's old post as managing general partner and serves as the public face of the ownership. Financial operations[edit] According to a 2017 report released by Forbes
Forbes
Magazine, the Raiders' overall team value is US 2.38 billion ranked 19th out of 32 NFL teams.[151] This valuation was made after the team's announcement of relocation to Las Vegas
Las Vegas
by 2020 and into a new stadium which moved the team's value up 19 percent. Although the team has regularly sold out since 2013, the team ranked in the bottom three in league attendance from 2003 to 2005, and failed to sell out a majority of their home games. One of the reasons cited for the poor attendance figures was the decision to issue costly personal seat licenses (PSLs) upon the Raiders' return to Oakland in 1995. The PSLs, which ranged in cost from $250 to $4,000, were meant to help repay the $200 million it cost the city of Oakland and Alameda County to expand the Oakland Coliseum. They were only valid for ten years, however, while other teams issue them permanently. As a result, fewer than 31,000 PSLs were sold for a stadium that holds twice that number. From 1995 until the lifting of the policy in 2014 television blackouts of Raiders home games were common.[152] In November 2005, the team announced that it was taking over ticket sales from the privately run Oakland Football Marketing Association (OFMA), and abolishing PSLs.[152] In February 2006, the team also announced that it would lower ticket prices for most areas of the Oakland Coliseum.[153] Just prior to the start of the 2006 NFL season, the Raiders revealed that they had sold 37,000 season tickets, up from 29,000 the previous year.[154] Despite the team's 2–14 record, they sold out six of their eight home games in 2006.[155][not in citation given] Legal battles[edit] The Raiders and Al Davis have been involved in several lawsuits throughout their history, including ones against the NFL. When the NFL declined to approve the Raiders' move from Oakland to Los Angeles
Los Angeles
in 1980, the team joined the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum
Commission in a lawsuit against the league alleging a violation of antitrust laws.[156] The Coliseum Commission received a settlement from the NFL of $19.6 million in 1987.[157] In 1986, Davis testified on behalf of the United States Football League
United States Football League
in their unsuccessful antitrust lawsuit against the NFL. He was the only NFL owner to do so.[158] After relocating back to Oakland, the team sued the NFL for interfering with their negotiations to build a new stadium at Hollywood Park prior to the move. The Raiders' lawsuit further contended that they had the rights to the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
market, and thus were entitled to compensation from the league for giving up those rights by moving to Oakland. A jury found in favor of the NFL in 2001, but the verdict was overturned a year later due to alleged juror misconduct. In February 2005, a California
California
Court of Appeal unanimously upheld the original verdict.[159] When the Raiders moved back from Los Angeles
Los Angeles
in 1995, the city of Oakland and the Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum
Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum
Authority agreed to sell Personal Seat Licenses (PSLs) to help pay for the renovations to their stadium. But after games rarely sold out, the Raiders filed suit, claiming that they were misled by the city and the Coliseum Authority with the false promise that there would be sellouts. On November 2, 2005, a settlement was announced, part of which was the abolishment of PSLs as of the 2006 season.[160] Trademark
Trademark
and trade dress dilution[edit] In 1996, the team sued the NFL in Santa Clara County, California, in a lawsuit that ultimately included 22 separate causes of action. Included in the team's claims were claims that the Tampa Bay Buccaneers' pirate logo diluted the team's California
California
trademark in its own pirate logo and for trade dress dilution on the ground that the League had improperly permitted other teams (including the Buccaneers and Carolina Panthers) to adopt colors for their uniforms similar to those of the Raiders. Among other things, the lawsuit sought an injunction to prevent the Buccaneers and Panthers from wearing their uniforms while playing in California. In 2003, these claims were dismissed on summary judgment because the relief sought would violate the Commerce Clause
Commerce Clause
of the United States
United States
Constitution.[161] BALCO scandal[edit] In 2003, a number of current and former Oakland players such as Bill Romanowski, Tyrone Wheatley, Barrett Robbins, Chris Cooper and Dana Stubblefield were named as clients of the Bay Area Laboratory Co-Operative (BALCO). BALCO was an American company led by founder and owner Victor Conte. In 2003, journalists Lance Williams and Mark Fainaru-Wada investigated the company's role in a drug sports scandal later referred to as the BALCO Affair. BALCO marketed tetrahydrogestrinone ("the Clear"), a then-undetected, performance-enhancing steroid developed by chemist Patrick Arnold. Conte, BALCO vice president James Valente, weight trainer Greg Anderson and coach Remi Korchemny had supplied a number of high-profile sports stars from the United States
United States
and Europe with the Clear and human growth hormone for several years. Headquartered in Burlingame, California, BALCO was founded in 1984. Officially, BALCO was a service business for blood and urine analysis and food supplements. In 1988, Victor Conte offered free blood and urine tests to a group of athletes known as the BALCO Olympians. He then was allowed to attend the Summer Olympics in Seoul, South Korea. From 1996 Conte worked with well-known American football
American football
star Bill Romanowski, who proved to be useful to establish new connections to athletes and coaches.[162] Players of note[edit] Further information: Category: Oakland Raiders
Oakland Raiders
players Further information: List of Oakland Raiders
Oakland Raiders
starting quarterbacks Current roster[edit]

Oakland Raiders
Oakland Raiders
roster

view talk edit

Quarterbacks

 4 Derek Carr 18 Connor Cook -- Josh Johnson  3 EJ Manuel

Running backs

34 Elijah Hood 24 Marshawn Lynch -- Doug Martin 30 Jalen Richard -- Keith Smith FB 33 DeAndré Washington

Wide receivers

89 Amari Cooper -- Dwayne Harris 14 Keon Hatcher 16 Johnny Holton -- Jordy Nelson 10 Seth Roberts -- Griff Whalen 19 Isaac Whitney

Tight ends

81 Pharaoh Brown -- Derek Carrier 87 Jared Cook 86 Lee Smith

Offensive linemen

74 Vadal Alexander T 76 Jon Feliciano
Jon Feliciano
C -- Breno Giacomini
Breno Giacomini
T 61 Rodney Hudson
Rodney Hudson
C 66 Gabe Jackson
Gabe Jackson
G 79 Denver Kirkland G 70 Kelechi Osemele
Kelechi Osemele
G 72 Donald Penn
Donald Penn
T 71 David Sharpe T 68 Ian Silberman
Ian Silberman
G 65 Jordan Simmons G 62 James Stone C 69 Jylan Ware T

Defensive linemen

-- Armonty Bryant
Armonty Bryant
DE -- Tank Carradine
Tank Carradine
DE 97 Mario Edwards Jr.
Mario Edwards Jr.
DE 78 Justin Ellis
Justin Ellis
NT 90 Treyvon Hester
Treyvon Hester
DT 75 Darius Latham
Darius Latham
NT 51 Bruce Irvin DE 52 Khalil Mack
Khalil Mack
DE 93 Joby Saint Fleur DE 92 Shakir Soto DE 94 Eddie Vanderdoes
Eddie Vanderdoes
DT 95 Jihad Ward
Jihad Ward
DT/DE 99 Fadol Brown DE

Linebackers

91 Shilique Calhoun OLB/DE 47 James Cowser
James Cowser
OLB/DE 57 Cory James
Cory James
OLB -- Emmanuel Lamur
Emmanuel Lamur
OLB 55 Marquel Lee MLB 50 Nicholas Morrow OLB 43 Brady Sheldon MLB 59 Tahir Whitehead
Tahir Whitehead
MLB -- Kyle Wilber
Kyle Wilber
OLB

Defensive backs

22 Gareon Conley CB -- Marcus Gilchrist
Marcus Gilchrist
FS -- Senquez Golson CB -- Leon Hall
Leon Hall
CB 32 Antonio Hamilton
Antonio Hamilton
CB 41 Erik Harris
Erik Harris
SS 31 Darius Hillary CB 42 Karl Joseph SS 26 Shalom Luani
Shalom Luani
SS 23 Dexter McDonald
Dexter McDonald
CB -- Rashaan Melvin
Rashaan Melvin
CB 37 Tevin Mitchel CB 20 Obi Melifonwu S 27 Reggie Nelson
Reggie Nelson
FS -- Shaquille Richardson CB -- Shareece Wright
Shareece Wright
CB

Special
Special
teams

-- Andrew DePaola LS -- Andrew East LS  2 Giorgio Tavecchio
Giorgio Tavecchio
K -- Colby Wadman P

Reserve lists

Currently vacant

Rookies in italics Roster updated April 6, 2018 Depth chart • Transactions 77 Active, 0 Inactive → AFC rosters → NFC rosters

AFC East BUF MIA NE NYJ North BAL CIN CLE PIT South HOU IND JAX TEN West DEN KC LAC OAK

NFC East DAL NYG PHI WAS North CHI DET GB MIN South ATL CAR NO TB West ARI LAR SF SEA

Pro Football Hall of Fame
Pro Football Hall of Fame
members[edit] The Pro Football Hall of Fame
Pro Football Hall of Fame
has inducted 14 players who made their primary contribution to professional football while with the Raiders, in addition to coach-owner-commissioner Al Davis, head coach John Madden and executive Ron Wolf. The Raiders' total is of 25 Hall of Famers.[163]

Raiders Hall of Famer Art Shell

Ted Hendricks
Ted Hendricks
was a member of four Super Bowl-winning teams (three with the Raiders and one with the Colts).

Raiders Hall of Famer Howie Long

Notes:

Hall of Famers who made the major part of their primary contribution for the Raiders are listed in bold. Hall of Famers who spent only a minor portion of their career with the Raiders are listed in normal font.

Raiders in the Pro Football Hall of Fame

Players

No. Name Position(s) Tenure Inducted

77 Ron Mix OT 1971 1979

00 Jim Otto C 1960–1974 1980

16 George Blanda QB–K 1967–1975 1981

24 Willie Brown CB 1967–1978 1984

63 Gene Upshaw G 1967–1981 1987

14, 25 Fred Biletnikoff WR 1965–1978 1988

78 Art Shell OT 1968–1982 1989

83 Ted Hendricks LB 1975–1983 1990

22 Mike Haynes CB 1983–1989 1997

29 Eric Dickerson RB 1992 1999

75 Howie Long DE 1981–1993 2000

42 Ronnie Lott S 1991–1992 2000

87 Dave Casper TE 1974–1980, 1984 2002

32 Marcus Allen RB 1982–1992 2003

80 James Lofton WR 1987–1988 2003

76 Bob Brown OT 1971–1973 2004

26 Rod Woodson S 2002–2003 2009

80 Jerry Rice WR 2001–2004 2010

99 Warren Sapp DT 2004–2007 2013

8 Ray Guy P 1973–1986 2014

81 Tim Brown WR 1988–2003 2015

12 Ken Stabler QB 1970–1979 2016

18 Randy Moss WR 2005–2006 2018

Coaches and Contributors

Name Position(s) Tenure Inducted

Al Davis Coach-Owner-Commissioner 1963–2011 1992

John Madden Head Coach 1969–1978 2006

Ron Wolf Scout Player Personnel Director 1963–1974 1979–1989 2015

Retired numbers[edit] The Raider organization does not retire the jersey numbers of former players on an official or unofficial basis. All 99 numbers are available for any player, regardless of stature or who previously wore the number. Individual awards[edit]

NFL MVP Winners

Season Player Position

1974 Ken Stabler QB

1985 Marcus Allen RB

2002 Rich Gannon QB

Super Bowl
Super Bowl
MVP Winners

Super Bowl Player Position

XI Fred Biletnikoff WR

XV Jim Plunkett QB

XVIII Marcus Allen RB

Pro Bowl
Pro Bowl
MVP Winners

Pro Bowl Player Position

2001 Rich Gannon QB

2002

NFL Offensive Player of the Year

Season Player Position

1974 Ken Stabler QB

1985 Marcus Allen RB

NFL Defensive Player of the Year

Season Player Position

1980 Lester Hayes CB

2016 Khalil Mack LB

NFL Comeback Player of the Year

Season Player Position

1980 Jim Plunkett QB

1982 Lyle Alzado DE

NFL Offensive Rookie of the Year

Season Player Position

1982 Marcus Allen RB

NFL Defensive Rookie of the Year

Season Player Position

1998 Charles Woodson CB

Walter Payton NFL Man of the Year

Season Player Position

1974 George Blanda QB/K

Byron "Whizzer" White Man of the Year

Season Player Position

1979 Gene Upshaw G

2009 Nnamdi Asomugha CB

Career leaders[edit]

Passing Yards: 19,078 Ken Stabler
Ken Stabler
(1970–1979)[164] Passing Touchdowns: 150 Ken Stabler
Ken Stabler
(1970–1979) Rushing Yards: 8,545 Marcus Allen
Marcus Allen
(1982–1992) Rushing Touchdowns: 79 Marcus Allen
Marcus Allen
(1982–1992) Receptions: 1,070 Tim Brown (1988–2003) Receiving Yards: 14,734 Tim Brown (1988–2003) Receiving Touchdowns: 99 Tim Brown (1988–2003) Total Touchdowns: 104 Tim Brown (1988–2003) Points: 1,799 Sebastian Janikowski
Sebastian Janikowski
(2000–present) Field Goals Made: 414 Sebastian Janikowski
Sebastian Janikowski
(2000–present) Total Punt Yardage: 48,215 Shane Lechler
Shane Lechler
(2000–2012) Punting Average: 47.5 Shane Lechler
Shane Lechler
(2000–2012) Kickoff Return Yards: 4,841 Chris Carr (2005–2007) Punt Return Yards: 3,272 Tim Brown (1988–2003) Pass Interceptions: 39 Willie Brown (1967–1978), Lester Hayes (1977–1986) Sacks: 107.5 Greg Townsend (1983–1997) Winningest Coach: 103 John Madden
John Madden
(1969–1978)

Single-season leaders[edit]

Passing Yards: 4,689 Rich Gannon
Rich Gannon
(2002)[165] Passing Touchdowns: 34 Daryle Lamonica (1969) Rushing Yards: 1,759 Marcus Allen
Marcus Allen
(1985) Rushing Touchdowns: 16 Pete Banaszak (1975) Receptions: 104 Tim Brown (1997) Receiving Yards: 1,408 Tim Brown (1997) Receiving Touchdowns: 16 Art Powell (1963) Total Touchdowns: 18 Marcus Allen
Marcus Allen
(1984) Points: 142 Sebastian Janikowski
Sebastian Janikowski
(2010) Field Goals Made: 35 Jeff Jaeger (1993) Total Punt Yardage: 4,930 Marquette King
Marquette King
(2014) Punting Average: 51.1 Shane Lechler
Shane Lechler
(2009) Kickoff Return Yards: 1,762 Chris Carr (2006) Punt Return Yards: 692 Fulton Walker (1985) Pass Interceptions: 13 Lester Hayes (1980) Sacks: 16.0 Derrick Burgess
Derrick Burgess
(2005)

All-Pro selections[edit] The following Raiders players have been named to the All-Pro team:

QB Daryle Lamonica, Rich Gannon
Rich Gannon
(2), Ken Stabler
Ken Stabler
(1) RB Marcus Allen, Clem Daniels (2) FB Hewritt Dixon, Marcel Reece
Marcel Reece
(1) WR Cliff Branch
Cliff Branch
(3), Fred Biletnikoff (2), Art Powell (1) TE Dave Casper (4), Todd Christensen
Todd Christensen
(2), Billy Cannon
Billy Cannon
(1) T Art Shell
Art Shell
(2), Harry Schuh, Lincoln Kennedy (1) G Gene Upshaw
Gene Upshaw
(5), Steve Wisniewski (2), Kelechi Osemele
Kelechi Osemele
(1) C Jim Otto
Jim Otto
(10), Barret Robbins (1) DE Howie Long, Khalil Mack
Khalil Mack
(2), Ben Davidson
Ben Davidson
(1) DT Tom Keating, Dan Birdwell, Bill Pickel, Chester McGlockton, Darrell Russell (1) LB Ted Hendricks
Ted Hendricks
(2), Rod Martin, Archie Matsos, Khalil Mack
Khalil Mack
(1) CB Willie Brown (4), Dave Grayson (3), Fred Williamson, Kent McCloughan, Mike Haynes, Nnamdi Asomugha
Nnamdi Asomugha
(2), Lester Hayes, Charles Woodson (1) S Tom Morrow, Ronnie Lott, Rod Woodson (1) K Jeff Jaeger (1) P Shane Lechler
Shane Lechler
(6), Ray Guy
Ray Guy
(3), Jeff Gossett (1)

Pro Bowl
Pro Bowl
selections[edit] The following Raiders players have been named to the Pro Bowl:

QB Daryle Lamonica, Ken Stabler, Rich Gannon
Rich Gannon
(4), Derek Carr
Derek Carr
(3), Cotton Davidson, Tom Flores, George Blanda, Jeff Hostetler
Jeff Hostetler
(1) RB Marcus Allen
Marcus Allen
(5), Clem Daniels (4), Marv Hubbard
Marv Hubbard
(3), Kenny King, Greg Pruitt, Bo Jackson, Latavius Murray
Latavius Murray
(1) FB Hewritt Dixon (4), Marcel Reece
Marcel Reece
(4), Alan Miller (1) WR Tim Brown (9), Fred Biletnikoff (6), Art Powell, Cliff Branch
Cliff Branch
(4), Warren Wells, Amari Cooper
Amari Cooper
(2), Jerry Rice
Jerry Rice
(1) TE Dave Casper, Todd Christensen
Todd Christensen
(5), Raymond Chester (4), Billy Cannon, Ethan Horton, Zach Miller (1) T Art Shell
Art Shell
(8), Harry Schuh, Lincoln Kennedy (3), Henry Lawrence, Donald Penn
Donald Penn
(2), Bob Brown (1) G Steve Wisniewski (8), Gene Upshaw
Gene Upshaw
(7), Wayne Hawkins (5), Kelechi Osemele (2), Max Montoya, Kevin Gogan (1) C Jim Otto
Jim Otto
(12), Don Mosebar (3), Rodney Hudson
Rodney Hudson
(2), Dave Dalby, Barret Robbins (1) DE Howie Long
Howie Long
(8), Ben Davidson, Khalil Mack
Khalil Mack
(3), Greg Townsend, Derrick Burgess
Derrick Burgess
(2), Ike Lassiter (1) DT Chester McGlockton
Chester McGlockton
(4), Tom Keating, Darrell Russell, Richard Seymour (2), Dave Costa, Dan Birdwell, Otis Sistrunk
Otis Sistrunk
(1) LB Phil Villapiano, Ted Hendricks
Ted Hendricks
(4), Dan Conners (3), Rod Martin (2), Archie Matsos, Gus Otto, Matt Millen
Matt Millen
(1) CB Willie Brown (7), Lester Hayes, Terry McDaniel (5), Charles Woodson (4), Fred Williamson, Dave Grayson, Mike Haynes, Nnamdi Asomugha
Nnamdi Asomugha
(3), Kent McCloughan (2) S Jack Tatum (3), George Atkinson, Vann McElroy (2) Charles Woodson, Ronnie Lott, Rod Woodson, Reggie Nelson
Reggie Nelson
(1) K Jeff Jaeger, Sebastian Janikowski
Sebastian Janikowski
(1) P Ray Guy
Ray Guy
(7), Shane Lechler
Shane Lechler
(7), Jeff Gossett (1) LS Jon Condo
Jon Condo
(2)

Front office and coaching staff[edit] Main article: List of Oakland Raiders
Oakland Raiders
head coaches Coaches/Executives[edit] The coaches and executives that have contributed to the history & success of the Los Angeles/ Oakland Raiders
Oakland Raiders
franchise are as follows:

Al Davis: head coach (1963–1965), general manager/owner (1966–2011), AFL commissioner (1966) Ron Wolf: scout/executive, director of player personnel (1963–1974; 1978–1989) John Madden: head coach (1969–1978) Tom Flores: assistant head coach, executive assistant coach (1972–1978), head coach (1979–1987), executive (1988) John Rauch: head coach (1965–1968) John Herrera: business & public relations (1967–1978), director of public relations (1978–1982), senior executive (1985–2012) Ken Herock: scout/executive assistant, scout/personnel director (1970–1975), player personnel (1984–1986), executive assistant (1997–1998) Al LoCasale: executive assistant (1969–2003) Amy Trask: chief executive officer (1987–2013) Art Shell: assistant head coach (1983–1989; 1989–1994) Bruce Allen: senior executive (1995–2003) Jon Gruden: head coach (1998–2001; 2018–present) Hue Jackson: assistant coach/head coach (2010–2011) Reggie McKenzie: general manager (2012–present) Jack Del Rio: head coach (2015–2017)

Current staff[edit]

Oakland Raiders
Oakland Raiders
staff

v t e

Front Office

Owner – Mark Davis President – Marc Badain Executive Vice President/General Counsel – Dan Ventrelle General Manager – Reggie McKenzie Director of Football Administration – Tom Delaney Director of Player Personnel – Joey Clinkscales Assistant Director of Player Personnel – Trey Scott Director of Pro Personnel – Dane Vandernat Assistant Director of Pro Personnel – Von Hutchins Director of College Scouting – Shaun Herock Assistant Director of College Scouting – Brad Kaplan

Head Coaches

Head Coach
Head Coach
– Jon Gruden Assistant Head Coach/ Special
Special
Teams Coordinator – Rich Bisaccia

Offensive Coaches

Offensive Coordinator – Greg Olson Quarterbacks – Brian Callahan Running Backs – Jemal Singleton Wide Receivers – Edgar Bennett Tight Ends – Frank Smith Offensive Line – Tom Cable Assistant Offensive Line - Lemuel Jeanpierre Quality Control/Offense – Nick Holz Quality Control/Offense – Tim Berbenich

 

Defensive Coaches

Defensive Coordinator – Paul Guenther Senior Defensive Assistant – Jim O'Neil Defensive Line – Mike Trgovac Assistant Defensive Line - Marco Coleman Linebackers – David Lippincott Defensive Backs – Derrick Ansley Quality Control/Defense – Travis Smith

Special
Special
Teams Coaches

Assistant Special
Special
Teams – Byron Storer

Strength and Conditioning

Head Strength and Conditioning – Tom Shaw Strength and Conditioning Assistant – D'Anthony Batiste Strength and Conditioning Assistant – Deuce Gruden Strength and Conditioning Assistant – Kelsey Martinez Strength and Conditioning Assistant – Rick Slate

Coaching Support Staff

Director of Football Research – Dave Razzano

→ Coaching Staff → Management → More NFL staffs

AFC East BUF MIA NE NYJ North BAL CIN CLE PIT South HOU IND JAX TEN West DEN KC LAC OAK

NFC East DAL NYG PHI WAS North CHI DET GB MIN South ATL CAR NO TB West ARI LAR SF SEA

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stadium plan". National Football League. Associated Press. October 17, 2016. Retrieved October 19, 2016.  ^ Spousta, Tom (October 17, 2016). "Gov. Brian Sandoval
Brian Sandoval
signs Raiders stadium bill — VIDEO". Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Review-Journal. Retrieved October 19, 2016.  ^ Boilard, Kevin (November 12, 2016). "Report: NFL against Las Vegas, wants to keep Raiders in Oakland". CBSSports.com. Retrieved November 14, 2016.  ^ a b "Raiders file paperwork for Las Vegas
Las Vegas
relocation". USA Today. Retrieved January 19, 2017.  ^ Gutierrez, Paul (January 19, 2016). " Oakland Raiders
Oakland Raiders
file paperwork to relocate to Las Vegas". ESPN. Retrieved January 19, 2016.  ^ "Adelson no longer involved in Raiders' Las Vegas
Las Vegas
stadium plan". National Football League. January 30, 2017. Retrieved January 31, 2017.  ^ "Sources: Financial giant Goldman Sachs
Goldman Sachs
backs out of Raiders' stadium deal". ESPN. January 31, 2017. Retrieved February 1, 2017.  ^ "Raiders secure financing for potential Las Vegas
Las Vegas
stadium". National Football League. March 7, 2017. Retrieved March 7, 2017.  ^ Jon Mark Saraceno (March 6, 2017). "Raiders' Las Vegas
Las Vegas
stadium gets boost from Bank of America". Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Review-Journal. Retrieved March 7, 2017.  ^ "Where Will Raiders Play After 2018 Season?".  ^ http://www.bizjournals.com/sanfrancisco/news/2017/05/24/oakland-raiders-season-tickets-sales-las-vegas.html ^ Kukura, Joe. "NFL May Bribe Raiders, 49ers Into Shotgun Wedding". Nbcbayarea.com. Retrieved 2013-08-18.  ^ Taylor Price (April 19, 2012). "49ers break ground on Santa Clara stadium". 49ers.com. Retrieved November 29, 2012.  ^ Mike Florio (September 10, 2012). "Niners strike gold with new stadium". profootballtalk.nbcsports.com. Retrieved November 29, 2012.  ^ NFL.com (October 16, 2012). " Oakland Raiders
Oakland Raiders
have no plans to share stadium with 49ers". NFL.com. Retrieved November 29, 2012.  ^ Goodell: Levi's might fit Raiders ESPN.com
ESPN.com
(07/18/2014) ^ Williams, Eric D. (February 20, 2015). "Chargers, Raiders reveal L.A. plan". ESPN.com. Retrieved February 21, 2015.  ^ Rapoport, Ian (February 20, 2015). "Chargers, Raiders team up for stadium proposal in Los Angeles". NFL.com. Retrieved February 20, 2015.  ^ Jablon, Robert (April 22, 2015). "City Council approves plan for NFL stadium near Los Angeles". Associated Press. Archived from the original on April 23, 2015. Retrieved 2015-04-22.  ^ Logan, Tim; Nathan Fenno (April 21, 2015). "Carson City Council may be set to approve NFL stadium, sight unseen". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. Retrieved 2015-04-22.  ^ "Source: Chargers think L.A. proposal has doable components". ESPN. Retrieved 15 January 2016.  ^ "Oakland's Coliseum City project could cost $2 billion".  ^ "Oakland, Ronnie Lott Group Unveil Stadium Plan To Keep Raiders".  ^ "Oakland, Alameda County approve stadium deal to try to keep Raiders".  ^ Press, Associated. "Will the Raiders stay in Oakland? Negotiations on $1.3-billion stadium OK'd".  ^ Baugh, Josh (2014-07-29). "S.A. may be home of Los Raiders". MySA: San Antonio's Home Page. Retrieved 2014-07-30.  ^ "Raiders owner confirms talks with San Antonio". Associated Press (AP). 2014-07-30. Archived from the original on August 12, 2014. Retrieved 2014-07-30.  ^ "Raiders owner scouts Concord site for new stadium". SF Gate. October 7, 2013. Retrieved 2014-10-27.  ^ "Just do it, baby – ESPN
ESPN
Classic". Espn.go.com. Retrieved 2013-06-11.  ^ " Vince Lombardi
Vince Lombardi
Quotes". Retrieved 2014-11-19.  ^ Zamora, Jim Herron (2003-01-24). "Raider Nation's citizens span globe–Mystique, power of Silver and Black quicken the pulse of teaming hordes". San Francisco
San Francisco
Chronicle. Archived from the original on August 28, 2005. Retrieved 2007-01-25.  ^ Minkoff, Alysse. "Sweetheart of the Hole". ESPN. Retrieved 2007-01-31.  ^ Mills, Roger (2003-01-25). " Super Bowl
Super Bowl
XXXVII: Raider nation". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved 2007-01-31.  ^ " ESPN
ESPN
30 for 30". 30for30.espn.com. 1994-06-17. Retrieved 2012-09-03.  ^ Lloyd, Robert (2010-05-11). "Television review: 'Straight Outta L.A.'". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times.  ^ Lilah, Rose. " Ice Cube
Ice Cube
- Come And Get It [New Song]". Hot New Hip Hop. Retrieved 7 April 2017.  ^ "Raiders announce Las Vegas
Las Vegas
TV, radio partnerships". Las Vegas Review-Journal. 2017-06-01. Retrieved 2017-06-26.  ^ "Raiders Announce Official Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Media Partnerships With KVVU FOX5 TV And Beasley Media Group".  ^ Halley, Jim (2005-09-08). "Patriots-Raiders: No love lost over time". USA Today. Retrieved 2007-01-31.  ^ LaMarre, Tom (2001-12-31). "Jets-Raiders series boasts several classics". NFL.com. Archived from the original on 2007-05-05. Retrieved 2007-01-31.  ^ McDonald, Jerry (2003-11-04). "Raiders and Jets renew a peculiar rivalry". NFL.com. Archived from the original on November 14, 2005. Retrieved 2007-01-31.  ^ "Epic Rivalries: Raiders vs. Jets". 2005-12-07. Archived from the original on 2006-10-26. Retrieved 2007-01-31.  ^ "Raiders vs. Jets – Box Score – December 8, 2013 – ESPN".  ^ Smizik, Bob (2006-10-29). "Raiders of the lost rivalry". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Archived from the original on 2006-11-08. Retrieved 2007-01-31.  ^ 'https://www.pro-football-reference.com/teams/rai/head-to-head.htm ^ " Pro Football Hall of Fame
Pro Football Hall of Fame
– Oakland Raiders". Retrieved 2007-01-19.  ^ Dickey, Just Win, Baby, p. 7. ^ Dickey, Just Win, Baby, pp. 7–8. ^ Harney was the builder of San Francisco's Candlestick Park, built on a bleak parcel of land he owned; to date, the road leading to the stadium is known as Harney Way. With a push from Harney, the Raiders were allowed to play their final three 1960 home games at Candlestick. ^ Steve Sabol
Steve Sabol
(Executive Producer) (2004). Raiders – The Complete History (DVD). NFL Productions LLC.  ^ Dickey, Just Win, Baby, pp. 98–101. ^ a b Zeigler, Mark (2009-10-31). "Silence of elders tells on Raiders". San Diego
San Diego
Union-Tribune. Retrieved 2009-10-31.  ^ Rosynsky, Paul T (2003-10-15). "Raiders co-owner wants to boot Davis". Oakland Tribune. Archived from the original on 2007-10-13. Retrieved 2007-01-29.  ^ a b Gay, Nancy (2006-11-25). "No takers for 31% share of Raiders". San Francisco
San Francisco
Chronicle. Archived from the original on October 13, 2007. Retrieved 2007-01-29.  ^ Ozanian, Mike. " Oakland Raiders
Oakland Raiders
- pg.20". Forbes. Retrieved 2018-03-28.  ^ a b Fitzgerald, Tom (2005-11-03). "Raiders reach pact with Oakland/No more PSLs – team will take over marketing duties". San Francisco Chronicle. Archived from the original on May 10, 2006. Retrieved 2007-01-25.  ^ Young, Eric (2006-02-15). "Raiders cut ticket prices at Coliseum". Silicon Valley / San Jose Business Journal. Retrieved 2007-01-25.  ^ Young, Eric (2006-11-06). "Raiders post solid numbers already". San Francisco Business Times. Retrieved 2007-01-25.  ^ Soliday, Bill (2006-12-15). ""Gabriel's release, return mystery" (sellout info in Notes)". Contra Costa Times. Retrieved 2007-01-25. [dead link] ^ "NFL History (1971–1980)". Archived from the original on 2007-04-02. Retrieved 2007-01-25.  ^ "N.F.L. Settles Coliseum Suit". The New York Times. 1987-11-05. Retrieved 2007-01-25.  ^ Puma, Mike. "Just do it, baby". ESPN
ESPN
Classic. Retrieved 2007-01-30.  ^ "Appellate court rules for NFL in Raiders case". NFL.com. Archived from the original on January 14, 2006. Retrieved 2007-02-02.  ^ Fitzgerald, Tom (2005-11-03). "Raiders reach pact with Oakland-No more PSLs – team will take over marketing duties". San Francisco Chronicle. Archived from the original on May 10, 2006. Retrieved 2007-02-02.  ^ "Winning the Big Game" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-03-26.  ^ Mark Fainaru-Wada, Lance Williams: Barry Bonds: Anatomy of a scandal. San Francisco
San Francisco
Chronicle, 25. December 2003 ^ " Oakland Raiders
Oakland Raiders
Raiders in the Hall of Fame". Raiders.com. Retrieved 2012-09-03.  ^ "Career Leaders". Raiders.com. Retrieved 2013-08-18.  ^ "Oakland/ Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Raiders Single-Season Passing Leaders - Pro-Football-Reference.com". Pro-Football-Reference.com. 

External links[edit]

San Francisco
San Francisco
Bay Area portal

Find more aboutOakland Raidersat's sister projects

Media from Wikimedia Commons Data from Wikidata

Official website Oakland Raiders
Oakland Raiders
at the National Football League
National Football League
official website Oakland Raiders
Oakland Raiders
at Pro-football-reference.com Oakland Raiders
Oakland Raiders
Former Players at oncearaider.com

v t e

Oakland Raiders

Founded in 1960 Played in Los Angeles
Los Angeles
(1982–94) Based in Oakland, California Headquartered in Alameda, California

Franchise

History

in Los Angeles relocation to Las Vegas

Seasons Players First-round draft picks Starting quarterbacks Head coaches

Stadiums

Kezar Stadium Candlestick Park Frank Youell Field Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Memorial Coliseum Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Stadium

Key personnel

Owner/CEO: Mark Davis President: Marc Badain General manager: Reggie McKenzie Head coach: Jon Gruden

Culture

Oakland Raiderettes Raider Nation The Autumn Wind Mount Davis Ricky's Sports Theatre and Grill Straight Outta L.A. In the House

Lore

Heidi Game Immaculate Reception The Sea of Hands Ghost to the Post Holy Roller Red Right 88 Tuck Rule Game

Rivalries

Denver Broncos Kansas City Chiefs Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Chargers Pittsburgh Steelers

Media

Broadcasters Television:

NBC
NBC
Sports California NBC
NBC
Sports Bay Area KTVU KVVU

Radio:

KGMZ KBLX KUFX KCYE KDWN

Other:

Compass Media Networks The Raider Cast

Personalities:

Bill King Greg Papa J. T. the Brick

Wild card berths (6)

1977 1980 1984 1991 1993 2016

Division championships (15)

1967 1968 1969 1970 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1983 1985 1990 2000 2001 2002

Conference championships (4)

1976 1980 1983 2002

League championships (3†)

1976 (XI) 1980 (XV) 1983 (XVIII)

† does not include 1967 AFL championship

Current league affiliations

League: National Football League
National Football League
(1970–present) Conference: American Football Conference Division: West Division

Former league affiliation

League: American Football League
American Football League
(1960–1969)

Seasons (59)

1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018

Championship seasons in bold

Links to related articles

v t e

National Football League
National Football League
(2018)

AFC

East North South West

Buffalo Bills Miami
Miami
Dolphins New England Patriots New York Jets

Baltimore Ravens Cincinnati Bengals Cleveland Browns Pittsburgh Steelers

Houston Texans Indianapolis Colts Jacksonville Jaguars Tennessee Titans

Denver Broncos Kansas City Chiefs Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Chargers Oakland Raiders

NFC

East North South West

Dallas Cowboys New York Giants Philadelphia Eagles Washington Redskins

Chicago Bears Detroit Lions Green Bay Packers Minnesota Vikings

Atlanta Falcons Carolina Panthers New Orleans
New Orleans
Saints Tampa Bay Buccaneers

Arizona Cardinals Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Rams San Francisco
San Francisco
49ers Seattle Seahawks

Seasons

Seasons (by team) Preseason

Hall of Fame Game American Bowl

Regular season

Kickoff game Monday Night Football International Series

London Toronto Bills Series List of games played outside the U.S.

Thanksgiving games Christmas games

Playoffs

Streaks Droughts AFC Championship NFC Championship Super Bowl

champions quarterbacks

Pro Bowl

History

League history

Executive history Championship history

Timeline

Defunct franchises Franchise moves and mergers Los Angeles
Los Angeles
team history

Proposed stadiums 1995–2016

American Football League
American Football League
(1960–1969)

Playoffs Merger

NFL Championship (1920–1969) Playoff Bowl Records

individual team Super Bowl All time win–loss Last undefeated

Tied games Canceled games Controversies

Business

Owners Properties Management Council Competition Committee Collective Bargaining Agreement National Football League
National Football League
Players Association Lockouts Media

TV

NFL Network NFL RedZone

Radio NFL Films

Other

Officials Stadiums

Chronology

Awards

All-Pro

Hall of Fame Foreign players Player conduct

Suspensions Player misconduct

Combine Draft Training camp Rivalries NFL Foundation Culture

Cheerleading Mascots Lore Nicknames Numbers

Retired

Color Rush

v t e

American Football League

Eastern Division

Boston Patriots Buffalo Bills Houston Oilers New York Titans/Jets Miami
Miami
Dolphins

Western Division

Denver Broncos Dallas Texans/Kansas City Chiefs San Diego/ Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Chargers Oakland Raiders Cincinnati Bengals

General

Seasons Playoffs All-League Teams All-Star game AFL Draft All-Time Team AFL–NFL merger NFL Thanksgiving Day games Players Officials Ten-year AFL patch

Broadcasters

ABC AFL All-Star Game AFL Championship Game Boston Patriots Buffalo Bills Cincinnati Bengals Dallas Texans/Kansas City Chiefs Denver Broncos Houston Oilers NBC Los Angeles/ San Diego
San Diego
Chargers Miami
Miami
Dolphins New York Titans/Jets Oakland Raiders Super Bowl

Commissioners

Joe Foss Al Davis Milt Woodard
Milt Woodard
(President)

v t e

Sports teams based in the San Francisco
San Francisco
Bay Area

Baseball

MLB Oakland Athletics San Francisco
San Francisco
Giants CL San Jose Giants PA Napa Silverados Pittsburg Diamonds San Rafael Pacifics Sonoma Stompers Vallejo Admirals

Basketball

NBA Golden State Warriors ABA Bay Area Matrix San Francisco
San Francisco
Rumble

American football

NFL Oakland Raiders San Francisco
San Francisco
49ers

Ice hockey

NHL San Jose Sharks AHL San Jose Barracuda

Soccer

MLS San Jose Earthquakes NPSL CD Aguiluchos USA East Bay FC Stompers El Farolito SC Napa Valley 1839 FC Sonoma County Sol PDL San Francisco
San Francisco
City FC SF Glens FC

Roller derby

WFTDA Bay Area Derby Silicon Valley Roller Girls Sonoma County Roller Derby

Ultimate

AUDL San Francisco
San Francisco
FlameThrowers San Jose Spiders

College athletics (NCAA Div. I)

California Saint Mary's San Jose State Santa Clara Stanford San Francisco

v t e

Sports teams based in California

Australian rules football

USAFL Golden Gate Roos Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Dragons Orange County Bombers Sacramento Suns San Diego
San Diego
Lions

Baseball

MLB Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Angels Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Dodgers Oakland Athletics San Diego
San Diego
Padres San Francisco
San Francisco
Giants PCL Fresno Grizzlies Sacramento River Cats CL Inland Empire 66ers Lake Elsinore Storm Lancaster JetHawks Modesto Nuts Rancho Cucamonga Quakes San Jose Giants Stockton Ports Visalia Rawhide PA Napa Silverados Pittsburg Diamonds San Rafael Pacifics Sonoma Stompers Vallejo Admirals CWL Canada A's Palm Desert Coyotes Palm Springs Chill Palm Springs POWER PL Bakersfield Train Robbers California
California
City Whiptails High Desert Yardbirds Monterey Amberjacks GWL Chico Heat Lincoln Potters San Francisco
San Francisco
Seals Yuba-Sutter Gold Sox

Basketball

NBA Golden State Warriors Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Clippers Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Lakers Sacramento Kings WNBA Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Sparks G League Agua Caliente Clippers Santa Cruz Warriors South Bay Lakers

American football

NFL Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Chargers Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Rams Oakland Raiders San Francisco
San Francisco
49ers

WFA Central Cal War Angels Inland Empire Ravens Kern County Crusaders Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Warriors San Diego
San Diego
Surge Ventura County Wolfpack

IWFL Carson Bobcats North County Stars Sacramento Sirens LFL Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Temptation

Ice hockey

NHL Anaheim Ducks Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Kings San Jose Sharks AHL Bakersfield Condors Ontario Reign San Diego
San Diego
Gulls San Jose Barracuda Stockton Heat

Roller derby

WFTDA Angel City Derby Girls Bay Area Derby Central Coast Roller Derby Derby Revolution of Bakersfield Humboldt Roller Derby Sacred City Derby Girls Sac City Rollers Santa Cruz Derby Girls Silicon Valley Roller Girls Sonoma County Roller Derby RDCL Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Derby Dolls Orange County Roller Girls San Diego
San Diego
Derby Dolls

Rugby

MLR San Diego
San Diego
Legion PRP Golden Gate RFC Old Mission Beach Athletic Club Santa Monica Rugby Club Belmont Shore RFC Olympic Club SCRFU Finlander Rugby Club

Soccer

MLS LA Galaxy Los Angeles
Los Angeles
FC San Jose Earthquakes USL Fresno FC LA Galaxy
LA Galaxy
II Orange County SC Sacramento Republic FC San Diego
San Diego
1904 FC (in talks) PDL Fresno FC U-23 FC Golden State Force Orange County SC
Orange County SC
U-23 San Diego
San Diego
Zest FC San Francisco
San Francisco
City FC SF Glens FC Santa Cruz Breakers Southern California
California
Seahorses Ventura County Fusion NPSL Academica SC ASC San Diego CD Aguiluchos USA FC Davis Deportivo Coras USA East Bay FC Stompers El Farolito SC FC Golden State Napa Valley 1839 FC Orange County FC Oxnard Guerreros FC Sacramento Gold Sonoma County Sol Temecula FC UPSL Santa Ana Winds FC L.A. Wolves FC La Máquina FC FC Santa Clarita Del Rey City SC Real San Jose Stompers Juniors Aguiluchos U-23 Orange County FC 2 MASL Ontario Fury San Diego
San Diego
Sockers Turlock Express

Tennis

WTT Orange County Breakers San Diego
San Diego
Aviators

Ultimate

AUDL Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Aviators San Diego
San Diego
Growlers San Francisco
San Francisco
FlameThrowers San Jose Spiders

Lacrosse

NLL San Diego
San Diego
Seals (2018)

Sports in Los Angeles Sports in San Diego Sports in the San Francisco
San Francisco
Bay Area College Sports in California

v t e

Oakland, California

Economy

Port of Oakland List of companies

Education

Higher education California
California
College of the Arts Holy Names University Laney College Lincoln University Merritt College Mills College Samuel Merritt University Patten University

Primary and secondary education Oakland USD

Castlemont High Coliseum College Prep Academy Fremont High McClymonds High MetWest High Oakland High Oakland Technical High Skyline High

American Indian Model Schools

High School

The Crucible Bishop O'Dowd High School The College Preparatory School Head-Royce School Oakland School for the Arts St. Elizabeth High School

Government

Mayors City Hall City Council Fire Department Police Department

History

Oakland Railroad Company Oakland Army Base Key System Naval Supply Depot Black Panther Party 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake Oakland firestorm of 1991 Oscar Grant shooting Oakland Police shootings Riders scandal Your Black Muslim Bakery Occupy Oakland Oakland Tribune 2016 warehouse fire Timeline

Sports

Golden State Warriors Oakland Athletics Oakland Raiders

Transportation

San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge SR 24

Caldecott Tunnel

Posey and Webster Street Tubes MacArthur Maze Interstate 580 Interstate 880

Cypress Street Viaduct

Warren Freeway International Boulevard Oakland – Jack London Square
Jack London Square
station Oakland International Airport AC Transit Eastmont Transit Center

BART stations

12th Street Oakland City Center 19th Street Oakland (Uptown Transit Center) Coliseum Lake Merritt MacArthur OAK Rockridge West Oakland

Other

Neighborhoods Notable people Tallest buildings Children's Hospital Mountain View Cemetery Lake Merritt Temescal Creek Sausal Creek Crime

Alameda County San Francisco
San Francisco
Bay Area California United States

v t e

Attractions in Oakland, California

Landmarks

Cathedral of Christ the Light Chapel of the Chimes Children's Fairyland Dunsmuir House First Unitarian Church Jack London Square Kaiser Building Lake Merritt Leimert Bridge City Hall Oakland Temple Pardee Home Preservation Park René C. Davidson Courthouse Rockridge Market Hall Ronald V. Dellums Federal Building USS Potomac Tribune Tower Oakland Technical High School Evergreen Cemetery Mountain View Cemetery

Museums

African American Museum Chabot Space and Science Center Oakland Aviation Museum Oakland Museum of California

Zoos and parks

Anthony Chabot Regional Park Huckleberry Botanic Regional Preserve Joaquin Miller Park Knowland Park Lake Temescal Leona Canyon Regional Open Space Preserve Morcom Rose Garden Mosswood Park Oakland Zoo Redwood Regional Park Robert Sibley Volcanic Regional Preserve Temescal Regional Park

Entertainment

Kaiser Convention Center Grand Lake Theater Oakland East Bay Symphony Paramount Theater Fox Theater Yoshi's Art Murmur

Sports

Oakland Athletics Oakland Raiders Golden State Warriors Oakland Alameda Coliseum Oracle Arena

Shopping districts

Oakland City Cent

.