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The Oakland Athletics (often referred to as the A's) are an American professional
baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams, typically of nine players each, that take turns batting and fielding. The game proceeds when a player on the fielding team, called the pitcher player Noah Syndergaa ...

baseball
team based in
Oakland, California Oakland is the largest city and the county seat of Alameda County, California. A major West Coast of the United States, West Coast port city, Oakland is the largest city in the East Bay (San Francisco Bay Area), East Bay region of the San Franci ...
. The Athletics compete in
Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball Professional baseball is organized baseball in which players are selected for their talents and are paid to play for a specific team or club system. It is played in baseball league, leagu ...
(MLB) as a member club of the
American League The American League of Professional Baseball Clubs, or simply the American League (AL), is one of two leagues that make up Major League Baseball (MLB) in the United States and Canada. It developed from the Western League (original), Western Leag ...
(AL)
West 250px, A compass rose with west highlighted in black West or Occident is one of the four cardinal directions or points of the compass The points of the compass are the vectors by which planet-based directions are conventionally defined. A co ...
division. The team plays its home games at the
Oakland Coliseum The RingCentral Coliseum, historically and often commonly referred to as the Oakland Coliseum (full name Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum), is a multi-purpose stadium A multi-purpose stadium is a type of stadium designed to be easily ...

Oakland Coliseum
. Throughout their history, the Athletics have won nine
World Series The World Series is the annual championship series of (MLB) in the and , contested since between the champion teams of the (AL) and the (NL). The winner of the World Series championship is determined through a , and the winning team is aw ...

World Series
championships. One of the American League's eight charter franchises, the team was founded in
Philadelphia Philadelphia (colloquially known simply as Philly) is the largest city in the of in the . It is the in the United States and the city in the state of Pennsylvania, with a 2020 population of 1,603,797. It is also the in the Northeastern U ...

Philadelphia
in
1901 Events January * January 1 ** The Crown colony, British colonies of New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria (Australia), Victoria and Western Australia Federation of Australia, federate as the Australia, Common ...
as the Philadelphia Athletics. They won three World Series championships in 1910,
1911 A highlight in European history was the race for the South Pole. Events January * Through mid-January (starting 31 December) – The first Industrial Aeroplane Show is held in conjunction with the U.S. International Auto Sho ...
, and 1913, and back-to-back titles in
1929 This year marked the end of a period known in American history as the Roaring Twenties after the Wall Street Crash of 1929 ushered in a worldwide Great Depression. In the Americas, an agreement was brokered to end the Cristero War, a Catholic C ...
and
1930 Events January * January 6 ** The first diesel engine automobile trip is completed (Indianapolis, Indiana, to New York City) by Clessie Cummins, founder of the company Cummins. ** An early literary character licensing agreement is signed by ...
. The team's owner and manager for its first 50 years was
Connie Mack Cornelius McGillicuddy (December 22, 1862 – February 8, 1956), better known as Connie Mack, was an American professional baseball catcher, manager (baseball), manager, and team owner. The longest-serving manager in Major League Baseball history ...

Connie Mack
and
Hall of Fame A hall, wall, or walk of fame is a list of individuals, achievements, or animals, usually chosen by a group of electors, to mark their in their field. In some cases, these halls of fame consist of actual halls or museums that enshrine the hono ...

Hall of Fame
players included
Chief Bender Charles Albert "Chief" Bender (May 5, 1884There is uncertainty about Bender's birth-date. He was voted the SABR "Centennial Celebrity" of 1983, as the best baseball player or figure born in 1883. However, the SABR ''Baseball Research Journal'' fo ...
,
Frank "Home Run" Baker
Frank
,
Jimmie Foxx James Emory Foxx (October 22, 1907 – July 21, 1967), nicknamed "Double X" and "The Beast", was an American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, from, or related to the United States of America, commonly known as the United State ...
, and
Lefty Grove Robert Moses "Lefty" Grove (March 6, 1900 – May 22, 1975) was an American professional baseball Professional baseball is organized baseball in which players are selected for their talents and are paid to play for a specific team or club syste ...
. The team left Philadelphia for Kansas City, Missouri, Kansas City in 1955 and became the Kansas City Athletics before moving to Oakland in 1968. They won three consecutive World Series in 1972 World Series, 1972, 1973 World Series, 1973, and 1974 World Series, 1974, led by players including Vida Blue, Catfish Hunter, Reggie Jackson, Rollie Fingers, and owner Charlie O. Finley. After being sold by Finley to Walter A. Haas Jr., the team won three consecutive pennants and the 1989 World Series behind the "Bash Brothers", Jose Canseco and Mark McGwire, as well as Hall of Famers Dennis Eckersley, Rickey Henderson and manager Tony La Russa. Following the relocation of the Golden State Warriors across the Bay to San Francisco in 2019, and the Oakland Raiders relocation to Las Vegas, relocation of the Raiders to Las Vegas in 2020, the Athletics became the only franchise in the four major American professional sports leagues located in the Sports in the San Francisco Bay Area, San Francisco Bay Area to play in Oakland. From 1901 to 2021, the Athletics' overall win–loss record is 9,150–9,552 ().


History

The history of the Athletics
Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball Professional baseball is organized baseball in which players are selected for their talents and are paid to play for a specific team or club system. It is played in baseball league, leagu ...
franchise spans the period from 1901 to the present day, having begun in
Philadelphia Philadelphia (colloquially known simply as Philly) is the largest city in the of in the . It is the in the United States and the city in the state of Pennsylvania, with a 2020 population of 1,603,797. It is also the in the Northeastern U ...

Philadelphia
before moving to Kansas City, Missouri, Kansas City in 1955 and then to its current home in
Oakland, California Oakland is the largest city and the county seat of Alameda County, California. A major West Coast of the United States, West Coast port city, Oakland is the largest city in the East Bay (San Francisco Bay Area), East Bay region of the San Franci ...
, in 1968. The A's made their San Francisco Bay Area, Bay Area debut on Wednesday, April 17, 1968, with a 4–1 loss to the Baltimore Orioles at the Oakland Coliseum, Coliseum, in front of an opening-night crowd of 50,164.


Team name and "A" logo

The Athletics' name originated in the term "Athletic Club" for local gentlemen's clubs—dates to 1860 when an amateur team, the Athletic of Philadelphia, Athletic (Club) of Philadelphia, was formed. The team later turned professional through 1875, becoming a charter member of the National League in 1876, but were expelled from the N.L. after one season. A later version of the Athletics played in the American Association (19th century), American Association from 1882 to 1891. The familiar blackletter "A" is one of the oldest sports logos still in use. An image in Harper's Weekly with the rival Brooklyn Atlantics shows that the "A" appeared on the original Athletics' uniform as early as 1866.


Elephant mascot

After History of the New York Giants (NL), New York Giants manager John McGraw told reporters that Philadelphia manufacturer Ben Shibe, Benjamin Shibe, who owned the controlling interest in the new team, had a "white elephant on his hands", team manager Connie Mack defiantly adopted the white elephant as the team mascot, and presented McGraw with a stuffed toy elephant at the start of the 1905 World Series. McGraw and Mack had known each other for years, and McGraw accepted it graciously. By 1909 Major League Baseball season, 1909, the A's were wearing an elephant logo on their sweaters, and in 1918 Major League Baseball season, 1918 it turned up on the regular uniform jersey for the first time. In 1963, when the A's were located in Kansas City, then-owner Charlie Finley changed the team mascot from an elephant to a Charlie-O, mule, the state animal of Missouri. This is rumored to have been done by Finley in order to appeal to fans from the region who were predominantly Democrats at the time. (The traditional Republican Party (United States), Republican Party symbol is an Republican Party (United States)#Name and symbols, elephant, while the Democratic Party (United States), Democratic Party's symbol is a Democratic Party (United States)#Name and symbols, donkey.) Since 1988 Major League Baseball season, 1988, the Athletics' 21st season in Oakland, an illustration of an elephant has adorned the left sleeve of the A's home and road uniforms. Beginning in the mid 1980s, the on-field costumed incarnation of the A's elephant mascot went by the name Harry Elephante. In 1997 Major League Baseball season, 1997, he took his current form, Stomper. Stomper was debuted during Opening Night on April 2, 1997.


Uniforms

Through the seasons, the Athletics' uniforms have usually paid homage to their amateur forebears to some extent. Until 1954, when the uniforms had "Athletics" spelled out in script across the front, the team's name never appeared on either home or road uniforms. Furthermore, neither "Philadelphia" nor the letter "P" ever appeared on the uniform or cap. The typical Philadelphia uniform had only a script "A" on the left front, and likewise the cap usually had the same "A" on it. In the early days of the American League, the standings listed the club as "Athletic" rather than "Philadelphia", in keeping with the old tradition. Eventually, the city name came to be used for the team, as with the other major league clubs. After buying the team in 1960, owner Charles O. Finley introduced new road uniforms with "Kansas City" printed on them, as well as an interlocking "KC" on the cap. Upon moving to Oakland, the "A" cap emblem was restored, although in 1970 an "apostrophe-s" was added to the cap and uniform emblem to reflect the fact that Finley was in the process of officially changing the team's name to the "A's". Also while in Kansas City, Finley changed the team's colors from their traditional red, white and blue to what he termed "Kelly Green, Wedding Gown White and Fort Knox Gold". It was also here that he began experimenting with dramatic uniforms to match these bright colors, such as gold sleeveless tops with green undershirts and gold pants. The innovative uniforms only increased after the team's move to Oakland, which also came at the time of the introduction of polyester pullover uniforms. During their dynasty years in the 1970s, the A's had dozens of uniform combinations with jerseys and pants in all three team colors, and in fact did not wear the traditional gray on the road, instead wearing green or gold, which helped to contribute to their nickname of "The Swingin' A's". After the team's sale to the Walter A. Haas Jr., Haas family, the team changed its primary color to a more subdued forest green and began a move back to more traditional uniforms. Currently, the team wears home uniforms with "Athletics" spelled out in script writing and road uniforms with "Oakland" spelled out in script writing, with the cap logo consisting of the traditional "A" with "apostrophe-s". The home cap is forest green with a gold bill and white lettering, while the road cap, debuting in 2014, is all forest green with "A's" in white with gold trim. Both caps are paired with the primary forest green helmets with gold brim. In games featuring the alternate kelly green uniforms, the A's wear all-kelly green caps with the "A's" logo in white, and are paired with a kelly green helmet with gold brim. Before 2009, when the black A's helmets appeared, road helmets were green with green brim. From 1994 until 2013, the A's wore green third jersey, alternate jerseys with the word "Athletics" in gold. It was used on both road and home games. During the 2000s, the Athletics introduced black as one of their colors. They began wearing a black alternate jersey with "Athletics" written in green. After a brief discontinuance, the A's brought back the black jersey, this time with "Athletics" written in white with gold highlights. Commercially popular but rarely chosen as the alternate by players, in 2011 they were replaced by a new gold alternate jersey with "A's" in green on the left chest. With the exception of several road games during the 2011 season, the Athletics' gold uniforms were used as the designated home alternates. It was retired in 2019 in favor of the team's kelly green alternate uniform (see below). A green version of their gold alternates was introduced for the 2014 season to replace their previous green alternates. The new green alternates feature the piping, "A's" and lettering in white with gold trim. In 2018, as part of the franchise's 50th anniversary since the move to Oakland, the A's wore a kelly green alternate uniform with "Oakland" in white with gold trim, and was paired with an all-kelly green cap. The nickname "A's" has long been used interchangeably with "Athletics", dating to the team's early days when headline writers wanted a way to shorten the name. From 1972 through 1980, the team nickname was officially "Oakland A's", although, during that time, the Commissioner's Trophy (MLB), Commissioner's Trophy, given out annually to the winner of baseball's
World Series The World Series is the annual championship series of (MLB) in the and , contested since between the champion teams of the (AL) and the (NL). The winner of the World Series championship is determined through a , and the winning team is aw ...

World Series
, still listed the team's name as the "Oakland Athletics" on the gold-plated pennant representing the Oakland franchise. According to Bill Libby's Book, ''Charlie O and the Angry A's'', owner Charlie O. Finley banned the word "Athletics" from the club's name because he felt that name was too closely associated with former Philadelphia Athletics owner Connie Mack, and he wanted the name "Oakland A's" to become just as closely associated with him. The name also vaguely suggested the name of the old minor league Oakland Oaks (PCL), Oakland Oaks, which were alternatively called the "Acorns". New owner Walter Haas restored the official name to "Athletics" in 1981, but retained the nickname "A's" for marketing purposes. At first, the word "Athletics" was restored only to the club's logo, underneath the much larger stylized-"A" that had come to represent the team since the early days. By 1987, however, the word returned, in script lettering, to the front of the team's jerseys. Prior to the mid-2010s, the A's had a long-standing tradition of wearing white cleats team-wide (in line with the standard MLB practice that required all uniformed team members to wear a base cleat color), which dates back to the Finley ownership. Since the mid-2010s, however, MLB has gradually relaxed its shoe color rules, and several A's players began wearing cleats in non-white colors, most notably Jed Lowrie's green cleats.


Ballpark

The Oakland Alameda Coliseum—originally known as the Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum, and later named as Network Associates, McAfee, Overstock.com/O.co and RingCentral Coliseum—was built as a multi-purpose facility. Louisiana Superdome officials pursued negotiations with Athletics officials during the 1978–79 baseball offseason about moving the Athletics to the Superdome in New Orleans. The Athletics were unable to break their lease at the Coliseum, and remained in Oakland. After the Las Vegas Raiders, Oakland Raiders football team moved to Los Angeles in 1982, many improvements were made to what was suddenly a baseball-only facility. The 1994 movie ''Angels in the Outfield (1994 film), Angels in the Outfield'' was filmed in part at the Coliseum, filling in for Angel Stadium, Anaheim Stadium. Then, in 1995, a deal was struck whereby the Raiders would move back to Oakland for the 1995 season. The agreement called for the expansion of the Coliseum to 63,026 seats. The bucolic view of the Oakland foothills that baseball spectators enjoyed was replaced with a jarring view of an outfield grandstand contemptuously referred to as "Mount Davis (Oakland), Mount Davis" after Raiders' owner Al Davis. Because construction was not finished by the start of the 1996 Major League Baseball season, 1996 season, the Athletics were forced to play their first six-game homestand at 9,300-seat Cashman Field in Las Vegas. Although official capacity was stated to be 43,662 for baseball, seats were sometimes sold in Mount Davis as well, pushing "real" capacity to the area of 60,000. The ready availability of tickets on game day made season tickets a tough sell, while crowds as high as 30,000 often seemed sparse in such a venue. On December 21, 2005, the Athletics announced that seats in the Coliseum's third deck would not be sold for the 2006 season, but would instead be covered with a tarp, and that tickets would no longer be sold in Mount Davis under any circumstances. That effectively reduced capacity to 34,077, making the Coliseum the smallest stadium in Major League Baseball. Beginning in 2008, sections 316–318 (immediately behind home plate) were the only third-deck sections open for A's games, which brought the total capacity to 35,067 until 2017 when new team president Dave Kaval took the tarps off of the upper deck, increasing capacity to 47,170. The Athletics were the last remaining MLB team to share a stadium with an NFL team on a full-time basis, a situation that ended at the end of 2019 when the Raiders Oakland Raiders relocation to Las Vegas, relocated to Las Vegas in 2020 making the Coliseum a baseball-only facility once again. The Athletics' spring training facility is Hohokam Stadium, located in Mesa, Arizona. From 1982 to 2014, their spring training facility was Phoenix Municipal Stadium, located in Phoenix, Arizona, and they also spent time playing in Scottsdale, Arizona.


Improvements to the Coliseum

In recent years, attempts have been made by management to make upgrades to the Oakland Coliseum, specifically with team president Dave Kaval. As such, a number of club and premium seating areas, a renovation of Shibe Park Tavern and various fan areas have been created.


New areas

In 2017, the team created an outdoor plaza in the space between the Coliseum and Oracle Arena. The grassy area is open to all ticketed fans, and it features food trucks, seating and games like corn hole for every Athletics home game. The following year, the team introduced The Treehouse, a area open to all fans with two full-service bars, standing-room and lounge seating, numerous televisions with pre-game and postgame entertainment. The A's Stomping Ground transformed part of the Eastside Club and the area near the right-field flag poles into a fun and interactive space for kids and families. The inside section features a stage and video wall for interactive events, a digital experience that lets youngsters race their favorite Athletics players, replica team dugouts, a simulated hitting and pitching machine, foosball, and a photo booth. The outside area includes play areas, a grassy seating area, drink rails for parents, and picnic tables. The Athletics additionally added a miniature baseball field and spiderweb play area.


Premium Spaces

The team added three new premium spaces, including The Terrace, Lounge Seats, and the Coppola Theater Boxes, to the Coliseum for the 2019 season. The new premium seating options offer fans a high-end game day experience with luxury amenities. The team also added two new group spaces - the Budweiser Hero Deck and Golden Road Landing - to the Coliseum.


Other Additions

In addition, the tarps on the upper deck were removed; a modern version of the beloved mechanical Harvey the Rabbit to deliver the first pitch ball was re-introduced, while the playing surface at the Coliseum was re-named "Rickey Henderson Field." The team hosted the first free game in MLB history for 46,028 fans on April 17, 2018, to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the Athletics first game in Oakland. The team tried a new concept within season ticketing in the A's Access plan that involved "general admission access to every home game with a set number of reserved-seat upgrades allotted", which was meant to replace previous attempts at subscription-based services that they tried with Ballpark Pass and Treehouse Pass. On July 21, 2018, the Athletics set a Coliseum record for the largest attendance with a crowd of 56,310 when the team played host to the San Francisco Giants.


New Ballpark


2000s proposals

Since the early-2000s, the A's have been in talks with Oakland and other Northern California cities about building a new baseball-only stadium. The team has said it wants to remain in Oakland. On November 28, 2018, the Athletics announced that the team had chosen to build its new 34,000-seat ballpark at the Howard Terminal site at the Port of Oakland. In 2018 the team announced its intent to purchase the Coliseum site and renovate it into a tech and housing hub, preserving Oakland Arena and reducing the Coliseum to a low-rise sports park as San Francisco did with Kezar Stadium.


Prior proposals


=Fremont

= After the city of Oakland failed to make any progress toward a stadium, the A's began contemplating a move to the Warm Springs district of suburban Fremont, California, Fremont. Fremont is about south of Oakland; many nearby residents are already a part of the current Athletics fanbase. On November 7, 2006, many media sources announced the Athletics would be leaving Oakland as early as 2010 for a new stadium in Fremont, confirmed the next day by the Fremont City Council. The plan was strongly supported by Fremont Mayor Bob Wasserman. The team would have played in what was planned to be called Cisco Field, a 32,000-seat, baseball-only facility. The proposed ballpark would have been part of a larger "ballpark village" which would have included retail and residential development. On February 24, 2009, however, Lew Wolff released an open letter regarding the end of his efforts to relocate the A's to Fremont, citing "real and threatened" delays to the project. The project faced opposition from some in the community who thought the relocation of the A's to Fremont would increase traffic problems in the city and decrease property values near the ballpark site.


=San Jose

= In 2009, the City of San Jose, California, San Jose attempted to open negotiations with the team regarding a move to the city. Although parcels of land south of Diridon Station would be acquired by the city as a stadium site, the San Francisco Giants' claim on Santa Clara County as part of their home territory would have to be settled before any agreement could be made. By 2010, San Jose was "aggressively wooing" A's owner Lew Wolff. Wolff referred to San Jose as the team's "best option", but Major League Baseball Commissioner Bud Selig said he would wait on a report on whether the team could move to the area because of the Giants conflict. In September 2010, 75 Silicon Valley CEOs drafted and signed a letter to Bud Selig urging a timely approval of the move to San Jose. In May 2011, San Jose Mayor Chuck Reed sent a letter to Bud Selig asking the commissioner for a timetable of when he might decide whether the A's can pursue this new ballpark, but Selig did not respond. Selig addressed the San Jose issue via an online town hall forum held in July 2011, saying, "Well, the latest is, I have a small committee who has really assessed that whole situation, Oakland, San Francisco, and it is complex. You talk about complex situations; they have done a terrific job. I know there are some people who think it's taken too long and I understand that. I'm willing to accept that. But you make decisions like this; I've always said, you'd better be careful. Better to get it done right than to get it done fast. But we'll make a decision that's based on logic and reason at the proper time." On June 18, 2013, the City of San Jose filed suit against Selig, seeking the court's ruling that Major League Baseball may not prevent the Oakland A's from moving to San Jose. Wolff criticized the lawsuit, stating he did not believe business disputes should be settled through legal action. Most of the city's claims were dismissed in October 2013, but a U.S. District Judge ruled that San Jose could move forward with its count that MLB illegally interfered with an option agreement between the city and the A's for land. On January 15, 2015, a three-judge panel of the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals ruled unanimously that the claims were barred by baseball's antitrust exemption, established by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1922 and upheld in 1953 and 1972. San Jose Mayor Sam Liccardo commented that the city would seek a ruling from the U.S. Supreme Court. On October 5, 2015, the United States Supreme Court rejected San Jose's bid on the Athletics.


=Peralta

= A 2017 plan would have placed a new 35,000 seat A's stadium near Laney College and the Eastlake neighborhood on the current site of the Peralta Community College District's administration buildings. The plan was announced by team president Dave Kaval in September 2017. However, just three months later, college officials abruptly ended the negotiations.


Rivals


San Francisco Giants

The Bay Bridge Series is the name of a series of games played between (and the rivalry of) the A's and San Francisco Giants of the National League. The series takes its name from the San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge which links the cities of Oakland, California, Oakland and San Francisco. Although competitive, the regional rivalry between the A's and Giants is considered a friendly one with mostly mutual companionship between the fans, as opposed to White Sox – Cubs rivalry, White Sox–Cubs, or Mets–Yankees rivalry, Yankees–Mets games where animosity runs high. Hats displaying both teams on the cap are sold from vendors at the games, and once in a while the teams both dress in original team uniforms from the early era of baseball. The series is also occasionally referred to as the "BART Series" for the Bay Area Rapid Transit system that links Oakland to San Francisco. However, the name "BART Series" has never been popular beyond a small selection of history books and national broadcasters and has fallen out of favor. Bay Area locals almost exclusively refer to the rivalry as the "Battle of the Bay".15 biggest MLB rivalries of all time
https://us.bolavip.com
Originally, the term described a series of exhibition games played between the two clubs after the conclusion of spring training, immediately prior to the start of the regular season. It was first used to refer to the 1989 World Series in which the Athletics won their most recent championship and the first time the teams had met since they moved to the San Francisco Bay Area (and the first time they had met since the A's also defeated the Giants in the 1913 World Series). Today, it also refers to games played between the teams during the regular season since the commencement of interleague play in 1997. Through the 2018 regular season, the Athletics have won 63 games, and the Giants have won 57 contests. The A's also have edges on the Giants in terms of overall postseason appearances (18-12), division titles (16-8) and World Series titles (4-3) since both teams moved to the Bay Area, even though the Giants franchise moved there a decade earlier than the A's did. On March 24, 2018, the Oakland A's announced that for the Sunday, March 25, 2018 exhibition game against the San Francisco Giants, A's fans would be charged $30 for parking and Giants fans would be charged $50. However, the A's stated that Giants fans could receive $20 off if they shout "Go A's" at the parking gates. In 2018, the Athletics and Giants started battling for a "Bay Bridge" Trophy made from steel taken from the old Bay Bridge, which was taken down after a new bridge was opened in 2013. The A's won the inaugural season with the trophy, allowing them to place their logo atop its Bay Bridge stand.


Historic rivalries


Philadelphia Phillies

The City Series was the name of a series of baseball games played between the Athletics and the Philadelphia Phillies of the National League that ran from 1903 through 1955. After the A's move to Kansas City, Missouri, Kansas City in 1955, the City Series rivalry came to an end. Since the introduction of interleague play in 1997, the teams have since faced each other during the regular season (with the first games taking place in 2003) but the rivalry has effectively died in the intervening years since the A's left Philadelphia. In 2014, when the A's faced the Phillies in inter-league play at the Oakland Coliseum, the Athletics didn't bother to mark the historical connection, going so far as to have a Connie Mack promotion the day before the series while the Texas Rangers were in Oakland. The first City Series was held in 1883 between the 1883 Philadelphia Quakers season, Phillies and the American Association (19th century), American Association Philadelphia Athletics (American Association), Philadelphia Athletics. When the Athletics first joined the
American League The American League of Professional Baseball Clubs, or simply the American League (AL), is one of two leagues that make up Major League Baseball (MLB) in the United States and Canada. It developed from the Western League (original), Western Leag ...
, the two teams played each other in a spring and fall series. No City Series was held in 1901 and 1902 due to legal warring between the National League and American League.


Achievements


Awards

*Catfish Hunter Award (2004–present)


Hall of Famers


Ford C. Frick Award recipients


Retired numbers

The Athletics have retired six numbers, and honored one additional individual with the letter "A". Walter A. Haas, Jr., owner of the team from 1980 until his death in 1995, was honored by the retirement of the letter "A". Of the six players with retired numbers, five were retired for their play with the Athletics and one, 42, was universally retired by Major League Baseball when they honored the 50th anniversary of Jackie Robinson's breaking the color barrier. No A's player from the Philadelphia era has his number retired by the organization. Though Jackson and Hunter played small portions of their careers in Kansas City, no player that played the majority of his years in the Kansas City era has his number retired either. The A's have retired only the numbers of Hall-of-Famers who played large portions of their careers in Oakland. The Athletics have all of the numbers of the Hall-of-Fame players from the Philadelphia Athletics displayed at their stadium, as well as all of the years that the Philadelphia Athletics won World Championships (1910, 1911, 1913, 1929, and 1930).


Athletics Hall of Fame

On September 5, 2018, the Athletics held a ceremony to induct seven members into the inaugural class of the team's Hall of Fame. Each member was honored with an unveiling of a painting in their likeness and a bright green jacket. Hunter, who died in 1999, was represented by his widow, while Finley, who died in 1996, was represented by his son. If the team ever gets a new stadium, a physical site will be designated for the Hall of Fame, as the Coliseum does not have enough space for a full-fledged exhibit.


Bay Area Sports Hall of Fame

17 members of the Athletics organization have been honored with induction into the Bay Area Sports Hall of Fame.


Philadelphia Baseball Wall of Fame

The Athletics have all of the numbers of the Hall-of-Fame players from the Philadelphia Athletics displayed at their stadium, as well as all of the years that the Philadelphia Athletics won World Championships (1910, 1911, 1913, 1929, and 1930). Also, from 1978 to 2003 (except 1983), the Philadelphia Phillies inducted one former Athletic (and one former Phillie) each year into the Philadelphia Baseball Wall of Fame at the then-existing Veterans Stadium. 25 Athletics have been honored. In March 2004, after Veterans Stadium was replaced by the new Citizens Bank Park, the Athletics' plaques were relocated to the Philadelphia Athletics Historical Society in Hatboro, Pennsylvania, and a single plaque listing all of the A's inductees was attached to a statue of
Connie Mack Cornelius McGillicuddy (December 22, 1862 – February 8, 1956), better known as Connie Mack, was an American professional baseball catcher, manager (baseball), manager, and team owner. The longest-serving manager in Major League Baseball history ...

Connie Mack
that is located across the street from Citizens Bank Park.


Philadelphia Sports Hall of Fame


Team captains

*6 Sal Bando, 3B, 1969–1976


Season-by-season records

The records of the Athletics' last ten seasons in
Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball Professional baseball is organized baseball in which players are selected for their talents and are paid to play for a specific team or club system. It is played in baseball league, leagu ...
are listed below.


Individuals

Khris Davis (outfielder/hitter) has been called “the most consistent hitter in baseball history”The Most Consistent Hitter In Baseball History -- Oakland’s Khris Davis can’t stop hitting .247.
Michael Salfino and Neil Paine , FiveThirtyEight, 2018-07-20
with his 2014 to 2018 season averages of .244, .247, .247, .247, and .247.


Roster


Minor league affiliations

The Oakland Athletics farm team, farm system consists of six Minor League Baseball, minor league affiliates.


Radio and television

As of the 2020 season, the Oakland Athletics have had 14 radio homes. The Athletics' Flagship station, flagship radio station is KNEW (AM), KNEW and the team has a free live 24/7 exclusive A's station branded as ''A's Cast'' to stream the radio broadcast within the Athletics market and other A's programming via iHeartRadio. Going into the 2020 season, the Athletics had a deal with TuneIn for A's Cast and no flagship radio station in the Bay Area but changed their plans after the COVID-19 epidemic. The announcing team features Ken Korach and Vince Cotroneo. Television coverage is exclusively on NBC Sports California. Some A's games air on an alternate feed of NBCS, called NBCS Plus, if the main channel shows a Sacramento Kings or San Jose Sharks game at the same time. On TV, Glen Kuiper covers play-by-play, and Ray Fosse typically provides color commentary. Kuiper and Fosse are frequently joined by former Oakland A's pitcher Dallas Braden, who adds additional color from the field level.


In popular culture

The 2003 Michael Lewis book ''Moneyball'' chronicles the 2002 Oakland Athletics season, with a specific focus on Billy Beane's economic approach to managing the organization under significant financial constraints. Beginning in June 2003, the book remained on The New York Times Best Seller list, ''The New York Times'' Best Seller list for 18 consecutive weeks, peaking at number 2. In 2011, Columbia Pictures released a Moneyball (film), film adaptation based on Lewis' book, which featured Brad Pitt playing the role of Beane. On September 19, 2011, the U.S. premiere of ''Moneyball'' was held at the Paramount Theatre (Oakland, California), Paramount Theatre in Oakland, which featured a green carpet for attendees to walk, rather than the traditional red carpet.


See also

* Oakland Athletics award winners and league leaders * List of Oakland Athletics first-round draft picks * List of Oakland Athletics managers * List of Oakland Athletics no-hitters * List of Oakland Athletics Opening Day starting pitchers * List of Oakland Athletics owners and executives * List of Oakland Athletics team records


Explanatory notes


References


Further reading

*Bergman, Ron. ''Mustache Gang: The Swaggering Tale of Oakland's A's.'' Dell Publishing Co., New York, 1973. *Dickey, Glenn. ''Champions: The Story of the First Two Oakland A's Dynasties—and the Building of the Third.'' Triumph Books, Chicago, 2002. *Jordan, David M. ''The Athletics of Philadelphia: Connie Mack's White Elephants, 1901–1954.'' McFarland & Co., Jefferson NC, 1999. . *Katz, Jeff. "The Kansas City A's & The Wrong Half of the Yankees." Maple Street Press, Hingham, Massachusetts, 2006. . *Kuklick, Bruce. ''To Everything a Season: Shibe Park and Urban Philadelphia 1909–1976.'' Princeton University Press, Princeton NJ, 1991. . *Michael Lewis (author), Lewis, Michael. ''Moneyball: The Art of Winning an Unfair Game''. W. W. Norton & Co., Inc., New York, 2003. . *Markusen, Bruce. ''Baseball's Last Dynasty: Charlie Finley's Oakland A's.'' Master Press, Indianapolis, 1998. *Peterson, John E. ''The Kansas City Athletics: A Baseball History 1954–1967.'' McFarland & Co., Jefferson NC, 1999. . *Susan Slusser, Slusser, Susan. ''100 Things A's Fans Should Know & Do Before They Die''. Triumph Books, Chicago, 2015. .


External links

*
Philadelphia Athletics Historical Society

Oakland Athletics stats and minor league statistics



Oakland A's prospect information
{{Authority control Oakland Athletics, Major League Baseball teams Cactus League Companies based in Oakland, California Baseball teams in the San Francisco Bay Area 1901 establishments in Pennsylvania