HOME
The Info List - OKB


--- Advertisement ---



OKB is a transliteration of the Russian initials of "Опытное конструкторское бюро" – Opytnoye Konstruktorskoye Buro, meaning Experimental Design Bureau. During the Soviet era, OKBs were closed institutions working on design and prototyping of advanced technology, usually for military applications. A bureau was officially identified by a number, and often semi-officially by the name of its lead designer – for example, OKB-51 was led by Pavel Sukhoi, and it eventually became known as the OKB of Sukhoi. Successful and famous bureaus often retained this name even after the death or replacement of their designers. These relatively small state-run organisations were not intended for the mass production of aircraft, rockets, or other vehicles or equipment which they designed. However they usually had the facilities and resources to construct prototypes. Designs accepted by the state were then assigned to factories for mass production. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, many OKBs became Scientific Production Organizations (Научно-производственное объединение) abbreviated to NPO. There were some attempts to merge them in the 1990s, and there were widespread amalgamations in 2001–2006 to create "national champions", such as Almaz-Antey to consolidate SAM development. OKBs in aerospace industry[edit]

KB-1 – NPO Almaz, Vitaly Shabanov OKB-1 – Korolev (today RSC Energia) OKB-1 – Dr. Brunolf Baade
Brunolf Baade
disbanded by 1953 (Alekseyev banished here[clarification needed] to oversee the German teams) OKB-2 – early name of MKB Raduga (OKB-155-2) OKB-3 – Bratukhin OKB-4 – Matus Bisnovat's Design Bureau(differ from NPO Molniya) OKB-8 – Novator (long-range SAMs) OKB-19 – Shvetsov, Soloviev. Now: "Perm MKB".[1] OKB-20 – Klimov, Omsk-Motors OKB-21 – Alexeyev OKB-23 – Myasishchev
Myasishchev
(also OKB-482) OKB-24 – Mikulin OKB-26 – Klimov OKB-39 – Ilyushin OKB-45 – Klimov OKB-47 – Yakovlev
Yakovlev
originally, transferred to Shcherbakov OKB-49 – Beriev OKB-51 – Sukhoi OKB-52 – Chelomei OKB-86 – Bartini OKB-115 – Yakovlev OKB-117 – Klimov, Izotov OKB-120 – Zhdanov (surname) OKB-124 – N/A (cooling systems for Tu-121) OKB-134 – Vympel OKB-140 – N/A (first hydro-alcohol starter-generators for Tu-121) OKB-153 – Antonov OKB-154
OKB-154
– Kosberg, previously OKB-296 OKB-155 – Mikoyan
Mikoyan
(formerly Mikoyan-Gurevich) OKB-155-2 – (sometimes designated as OKB-2-155) OKB-155 spin-off in Dubna. Gurevich, Berezniak, Isaev... Now MKB Raduga. OKB-156 – Tupolev OKB-165 – Lyulka OKB-207 – Borovkov and Florov (Borovkov-Florov D, Borovkov-Florov I-207) OKB-240 – Yermolaev OKB-256 – Tsybin OKB-276 – Kuznetsov OKB-296 – renamed to OKB-154
OKB-154
in 1946 KB Khimavtomatika OKB-300 – Tumansky OKB-301 – Lavochkin OKB-329 – Mil SKB-385 – Makeev OKG-456 – Glushko OKB-458 – Chetverikov OKB-478 – Ivchenko OKB-575 – Kovrov OKB-586 – Yangel OKB-692 – JSC "Khartron" (formerly KB electropriborostroeniya, then NPO "Electropribor") OKB-794 – Leninets[2] OKB-938 – Kamov

Notes[edit]

^ http://engine.avias.com/issues/25/page22.html ^ http://www.sukhoi.org/eng/planes/military/su24mk/history/

References[edit]

Av

.