Nuoro (Italian pronunciation: [ˈnuːoro]
listen (help·info) or less correctly [ˈnwɔːro];
Sardinian: Nùgoro [ˈnuɣoɾo]) is a city and comune
(municipality) in central-eastern Sardinia, Italy, situated on the
slopes of the Monte Ortobene. It is the capital of the province of
Nuoro. With a population of 36,347 (2011), it is the sixth-largest
city in Sardinia.
Birthplace of several renowned artists, including writers, poets,
painters, and sculptors,
Nuoro hosts some of the most important
museums in Sardinia. It is considered an important cultural center of
the region and it has been referred as the "Atene sarda" (Sardinian
Nuoro is the hometown of Grazia Deledda, the only Italian
woman to win (1926) the
Nobel Prize in Literature.
2.2 Monuments and historical sites
3.4 Local Transport
4 Notable people
5 Twin towns
7 External links
Nuoro in winter from Monte Ortobene.
View of Nuoro
The earliest traces of human settlement in the
Nuoro area (called "
the Nuorese") are the so-called Domus de janas, rock-cut tombs dated
at the third millennium BC. However, fragments of ceramics of the
Ozieri culture have also been discovered and dated at c. 3500
The Nuorese was a centre of the Nuragic civilization (which developed
Sardinia from c. 1500 BC to c. 250 BC), as attested by more than 30
Nuragic sites, such has the village discovered in the countryside of
Tanca Manna, just outside Nuoro, which was made of about 800 huts.
The Nuorese was crossed by a Roman road which connected Karalis
(Cagliari) to Ulbia (Olbia). The legacy of the Roman colonization can
especially be found in the variety of the
Sardinian language which is
still spoken today in Nuoro: Sardu nugoresu is considered the most
conservative lect of the Romance family.
After the fall of the Western Roman Empire,
Sardinia was held first by
Vandals and then by the Byzantines. According to the letters of
Pope Gregory I, a Romanized and Christianized culture (that of the
provinciales) co-existed with several Pagan cultures (those of the
Gens Barbaricina, i.e. "Barbarian People") mainly located in the
island's interior. As the Byzantine control waned, the Giudicati
appeared. A small village known as Nugor appears on a medieval map
from 1147. In the two following centuries it grew to more than 1000
Nuoro remained a town of average importance under the
Aragonese and Spanish domination of Sardinia, until famine and plague
struck it in the late 17th century.
After the annexation to the Kingdom of Sardinia, the town became the
administrative center of the area, obtaining the title of city in
Sardinian Ethnographic Museum
Sardinian Ethnographic Museum (Museo Etnografico Sardo).
Grazia Deledda's Museum
Grazia Deledda's Museum (Museo Deleddiano).
M.A.N., Museo d’Arte Provincia di
Nuoro (Modern Art Museum of the
National Archeological Museum
Nuoro (Museo Archeologico Nazionale di
Museo Ciusa, Museum dedicated to
Francesco Ciusa and other artists
Monuments and historical sites
Cattedrale della Madonna della Neve
Piazza Sebastiano Satta
Chiesa di Nostra Signora delle Grazie
Chiesa della Solitudine
The Redeemer's statue, Monte Ortobene, the 7 meters tall Vincenzo
Gerace's bronze statue installed the 29th August 1901.
Chiesa di San Carlo, church built in the 17th century containing a
copy of Francesco Ciusa's masterpiece La madre dell'ucciso.
Domus de Janas
Domus de Janas located in Monte Ortobene
Sanctuary Madonna of Montenero, Monte Ortobene
Along with Italian, the traditional language spoken in
Sardinian, in its Logudorese-Nuorese variety.
Nuoro is home to the world's rarest pasta, su filindeu. The name
Sardinian language means "the threads (or wool) of God" and is made
exclusively by the women of a single family in the town, with the
recipe being passed down through generations.
Nuoro is served by the SS 131 DCN (Olbia-Abbasanta), the SS 129
(Orosei-Macomer), and the SS 389 (Monti-Lanusei).
ARST, Azienda Regionale Sarda Trasporti provide regular connections to
Cagliari, Sassari, Olbia, and to several minor centres in the province
and the region.
Other private operators (including Deplano Autolinee, Turmotravel,
Nuoro to various cities and airports in the
Nuoro is connected by train to
Macomer via Ferrovie della Sardegna.
ATP Nuoro's bus system provides service within the city.
Casa dei Contrafforti, Nuoro's Old Town
Nivola's sculptures in Piazza Sebastiano Satta, Nuoro
Priamo Gallisay (1853–1930), musician (opera composer)
Giampietro Chironi (1855–1918), senator
Franceschino Guiso-Gallisai (1859-1933) Knight, Order of Merit for
Antonio Ballero (1864–1932), writer, painter
Sebastiano Satta (1867–1914), poet, lawyer
Pasquale Dessanai (1868–1919), poet
Grazia Deledda (1871–1936), writer, winner Nobel Prize
Francesco Ciusa (1883–1949), sculptor, winner of the Venice Biennale
Attilio Deffenu (1890–1918), trade unionist
Gonario Pinna (1898–1991), writer, politician, lawyer
Salvatore Mannironi (1901, 1971), politician, Ministry of Commercial
Salvatore Satta (1902–1975), jurist, writer
Giovanni Ciusa Romagna (1907–1958), painter
Maria Giacobbe (born 1928), writer and essayist
Sebastiano Mannironi (born 1930), athlete. Olympic games medal winner.
Franco Oppo (born 1935), composer
Romano Ruiu (1935–1974), writer, poet, playwright
Piero Marras (born 1949), singer-songwriter
Giovanni Columbu (born 1949), film director
Marcello Fois (born 1960), writer
Flavio Manzoni (born 1967) car designer
Salvatore Sirigu (born 1987), footballer
^ Population data from Istat
^ a b (in Italian) DOP
^ Probably from a root meaning "home" or "hearth" in Logudorese.
^ Source: ISTAT
^  Cultural Notes by the
Nuoro (in Italian)
^ E. Corda, Atene Sarda. Storie di vita nuorese 1886-1946, Rusconi,
1992 - only available in Italian
^ The secret behind Italy's rarest pasta, BBC.com
^ This is the Rarest Pasta in the World, The Daily Meal
^ "Twinning Ceremony" (in Italian). Retrieved 2010-04-01.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nuoro.
Official Website (in Italian)
Official (Municipality) Tourism Website (in Italian)
Official (Region) Tourism Website
Places adjacent to Nuoro
Benetutti (Sassari), Orune
Sardinia · Comuni of the Province of Nuoro