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Nuoro
Nuoro
(Italian pronunciation: [ˈnuːoro]  listen (help·info) or less correctly [ˈnwɔːro];[2] Sardinian: Nùgoro [ˈnuɣoɾo])[2][3] is a city and comune (municipality) in central-eastern Sardinia, Italy, situated on the slopes of the Monte Ortobene. It is the capital of the province of Nuoro. With a population of 36,347 (2011),[4] it is the sixth-largest city in Sardinia. Birthplace of several renowned artists, including writers, poets, painters, and sculptors, Nuoro
Nuoro
hosts some of the most important museums in Sardinia. It is considered an important cultural center of the region[5] and it has been referred as the "Atene sarda" (Sardinian Athens).[6] Nuoro
Nuoro
is the hometown of Grazia Deledda, the only Italian woman to win (1926) the Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
in Literature.

Contents

1 History 2 Culture

2.1 Museums 2.2 Monuments and historical sites 2.3 Language 2.4 Food

3 Transport

3.1 Road 3.2 Bus 3.3 Rail 3.4 Local Transport

4 Notable people 5 Twin towns 6 References 7 External links

History[edit]

View of Nuoro
Nuoro
in winter from Monte Ortobene.

View of Nuoro

The earliest traces of human settlement in the Nuoro
Nuoro
area (called " the Nuorese") are the so-called Domus de janas, rock-cut tombs dated at the third millennium BC. However, fragments of ceramics of the Ozieri culture
Ozieri culture
have also been discovered and dated at c. 3500 BC[citation needed]. The Nuorese was a centre of the Nuragic civilization (which developed in Sardinia
Sardinia
from c. 1500 BC to c. 250 BC), as attested by more than 30 Nuragic sites, such has the village discovered in the countryside of Tanca Manna, just outside Nuoro, which was made of about 800 huts. The Nuorese was crossed by a Roman road which connected Karalis (Cagliari) to Ulbia (Olbia). The legacy of the Roman colonization can especially be found in the variety of the Sardinian language
Sardinian language
which is still spoken today in Nuoro: Sardu nugoresu is considered the most conservative lect of the Romance family. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, Sardinia
Sardinia
was held first by the Vandals
Vandals
and then by the Byzantines. According to the letters of Pope Gregory I, a Romanized and Christianized culture (that of the provinciales) co-existed with several Pagan cultures (those of the Gens Barbaricina, i.e. "Barbarian People") mainly located in the island's interior. As the Byzantine control waned, the Giudicati appeared. A small village known as Nugor appears on a medieval map from 1147. In the two following centuries it grew to more than 1000 inhabitants. Nuoro
Nuoro
remained a town of average importance under the Aragonese and Spanish domination of Sardinia, until famine and plague struck it in the late 17th century. After the annexation to the Kingdom of Sardinia, the town became the administrative center of the area, obtaining the title of city in 1836. Culture[edit] Museums[edit]

Sardinian Ethnographic Museum
Sardinian Ethnographic Museum
(Museo Etnografico Sardo). Grazia Deledda's Museum
Grazia Deledda's Museum
(Museo Deleddiano). M.A.N., Museo d’Arte Provincia di Nuoro
Nuoro
(Modern Art Museum of the Nuoro
Nuoro
Province). National Archeological Museum Nuoro
Nuoro
(Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Nuoro). Museo Ciusa, Museum dedicated to Francesco Ciusa
Francesco Ciusa
and other artists

Monuments and historical sites[edit]

Nuoro's Cathedral

Cattedrale della Madonna della Neve Piazza Sebastiano Satta Chiesa di Nostra Signora delle Grazie Chiesa della Solitudine The Redeemer's statue, Monte Ortobene, the 7 meters tall Vincenzo Gerace's bronze statue installed the 29th August 1901. Nuraghe
Nuraghe
Ugolio Chiesa di San Carlo, church built in the 17th century containing a copy of Francesco Ciusa's masterpiece La madre dell'ucciso. Sas Birghines, Domus de Janas
Domus de Janas
located in Monte Ortobene Sanctuary Madonna of Montenero, Monte Ortobene

Language[edit] Along with Italian, the traditional language spoken in Nuoro
Nuoro
is Sardinian, in its Logudorese-Nuorese variety. Food[edit] Nuoro
Nuoro
is home to the world's rarest pasta, su filindeu.[7][8] The name in Sardinian language
Sardinian language
means "the threads (or wool) of God" and is made exclusively by the women of a single family in the town, with the recipe being passed down through generations. Transport[edit] Road[edit] Nuoro
Nuoro
is served by the SS 131 DCN (Olbia-Abbasanta), the SS 129 (Orosei-Macomer), and the SS 389 (Monti-Lanusei). Bus[edit] ARST, Azienda Regionale Sarda Trasporti provide regular connections to Cagliari, Sassari, Olbia, and to several minor centres in the province and the region. Other private operators (including Deplano Autolinee, Turmotravel, Redentours) connects Nuoro
Nuoro
to various cities and airports in the island. Rail[edit] Nuoro
Nuoro
is connected by train to Macomer
Macomer
via Ferrovie della Sardegna. Local Transport[edit] ATP Nuoro's bus system provides service within the city. Notable people[edit]

Casa dei Contrafforti, Nuoro's Old Town

Nivola's sculptures in Piazza Sebastiano Satta, Nuoro

Priamo Gallisay (1853–1930), musician (opera composer) Giampietro Chironi (1855–1918), senator Franceschino Guiso-Gallisai (1859-1933) Knight, Order of Merit for Labour Antonio Ballero (1864–1932), writer, painter Sebastiano Satta (1867–1914), poet, lawyer Pasquale Dessanai (1868–1919), poet Grazia Deledda
Grazia Deledda
(1871–1936), writer, winner Nobel Prize Francesco Ciusa
Francesco Ciusa
(1883–1949), sculptor, winner of the Venice Biennale Attilio Deffenu
Attilio Deffenu
(1890–1918), trade unionist Gonario Pinna (1898–1991), writer, politician, lawyer Salvatore Mannironi (1901, 1971), politician, Ministry of Commercial Navy Salvatore Satta
Salvatore Satta
(1902–1975), jurist, writer Giovanni Ciusa Romagna (1907–1958), painter Maria Giacobbe (born 1928), writer and essayist Sebastiano Mannironi
Sebastiano Mannironi
(born 1930), athlete. Olympic games medal winner. Franco Oppo
Franco Oppo
(born 1935), composer Romano Ruiu (1935–1974), writer, poet, playwright Piero Marras (born 1949), singer-songwriter Giovanni Columbu (born 1949), film director Marcello Fois (born 1960), writer Flavio Manzoni
Flavio Manzoni
(born 1967) car designer Salvatore Sirigu
Salvatore Sirigu
(born 1987), footballer

Twin towns[edit]

Corte, France Tolmezzo, Italy[9]

References[edit]

^ Population data from Istat ^ a b (in Italian) DOP ^ Probably from a root meaning "home" or "hearth" in Logudorese. ^ Source: ISTAT ^ [1] Cultural Notes by the Comune
Comune
of Nuoro
Nuoro
(in Italian) ^ E. Corda, Atene Sarda. Storie di vita nuorese 1886-1946, Rusconi, 1992 - only available in Italian ^ The secret behind Italy's rarest pasta, BBC.com ^ This is the Rarest Pasta in the World, The Daily Meal ^ "Twinning Ceremony" (in Italian). Retrieved 2010-04-01. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nuoro.

Official Website (in Italian) Official (Municipality) Tourism Website (in Italian) Official (Region) Tourism Website

Places adjacent to Nuoro

Orani, Benetutti
Benetutti
(Sassari) Benetutti
Benetutti
(Sassari), Orune Orune, Dorgali

Orani

Nuoro

Oliena

Orani Mamoiada, Orgosolo Orgosolo, Oliena

v t e

Sardinia
Sardinia
· Comuni of the Province of Nuoro

Aritzo Arzana Atzara Austis Bari Sardo Baunei Belvì Birori Bitti Bolotana Borore Bortigali Cardedu Desulo Dorgali Dualchi Elini Fonni Gadoni Gairo Galtellì Gavoi Girasole Ilbono Irgoli Jerzu Lanusei Lei Loceri Loculi Lodè Lodine Lotzorai Lula Macomer Mamoiada Meana Sardo Noragugume Nuoro Oliena Ollolai Olzai Onanì Onifai Oniferi Orani Orgosolo Orosei Orotelli Ortueri Orune Osidda Osini Ottana Ovodda Perdasdefogu Posada Sarule Silanus Sindia Siniscola Sorgono Talana Tertenia Teti Tiana Tonara Torpè Tortolì Triei Ulassai Urzulei Ussassai Villagrande Strisaili

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 246133

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