NUORO (Italian pronunciation: listen (help ·info ) or less
correctly ; Sardinian : Nùgoro ) is a city and comune
(municipality) in central-eastern
Italy , situated on the
slopes of the Monte
Ortobene . It is the capital of the province of
Nuoro . With a population of 36,347 (2011), it is the sixth-largest
city in Sardinia.
Birthplace of several renowned artists, including writers, poets,
painters, and sculptors,
Nuoro hosts some of the most important
Sardinia . It is considered an important cultural center of
the region and it has been referred as the "Atene sarda" (Sardinian
Nuoro is the hometown of
Grazia Deledda , the first and only
Italian woman to win (1926) the
Nobel Prize in Literature .
* 1 History
* 2 Culture
* 2.1 Museums
* 2.2 Monuments and historical sites
* 2.3 Language
* 3 Transport
* 3.1 Road
* 3.2 Bus
* 3.3 Rail
* 3.4 Local Transport
* 4 Notable people
* 5 Twin towns
* 6 References
* 7 External links
Nuoro in winter from Monte
Ortobene . View of
The earliest traces of human settlement in the
Nuoro area (called "
the Nuorese") are the so-called
Domus de janas
Domus de janas , rock-cut tombs dated
at the third millennium BC. However, fragments of ceramics of the
Ozieri culture have also been discovered and dated at c. 3500 BC.
The Nuorese was a centre of the Nuragic civilization (which developed
Sardinia from c. 1500 BC to c. 250 BC), as attested by more than 30
Nuragic sites, such has the village discovered in the countryside of
Tanca Manna, just outside Nuoro, which was made of about 800 huts.
The Nuorese was crossed by a Roman road which connected Karalis
Cagliari ) to Ulbia (
Olbia ). The legacy of the Roman colonization
can especially be found in the variety of the
Sardinian language which
is still spoken today in Nuoro: Sardu nugoresu is considered the most
conservative lect of the Romance family.
After the fall of the
Western Roman Empire
Western Roman Empire ,
Sardinia was held first
Vandals and then by the Byzantines . According to the letters
Pope Gregory I
Pope Gregory I , a Romanized and Christianized culture (that of the
provinciales) co-existed with several Pagan cultures (those of the
Gens Barbaricina, i.e. "Barbarian People") mainly located in the
island's interior. As the Byzantine control waned, the Giudicati
appeared. A small village known as NUGOR appears on a medieval map
from 1147. In the two following centuries it grew to more than 1000
Nuoro remained a town of average importance under the
Aragonese and Spanish domination of Sardinia, until famine and plague
struck it in the late 17th century.
After the annexation to the Kingdom of
Sardinia , the town became the
administrative center of the area, obtaining the title of city in
Sardinian Ethnographic Museum (Museo Etnografico Sardo).
* Grazia Deledda\'s Museum (Museo Deleddiano).
* M.A.N., Museo d’Arte Provincia di
Nuoro (Modern Art Museum of
* National Archeological Museum
Nuoro (Museo Archeologico Nazionale
* Museo Ciusa , Museum dedicated to
Francesco Ciusa and other
MONUMENTS AND HISTORICAL SITES
* Cattedrale della Madonna della Neve
* Chiesa di Nostra Signora delle Grazie
* Chiesa della Solitudine
* The Redeemer's statue, Monte
Ortobene , the 7 meters tall Vincenzo
Gerace 's bronze statue installed the 29th August 1901.
* Chiesa di San Carlo , church built in the 17th century containing
a copy of
Francesco Ciusa 's masterpiece La madre dell\'ucciso .
* Sas Birghines ,
Domus de Janas
Domus de Janas located in Monte
* Sanctuary Madonna of Montenero , Monte Ortobene
Along with Italian , the traditional language spoken in
Sardinian , in its Logudorese-Nuorese variety.
Nuoro is served by the SS 131 DCN (Olbia-Abbasanta) , the SS 129
(Orosei-Macomer), and the SS 389 (Monti-Lanusei).
ARST, Azienda Regionale Sarda Trasporti provide regular connections
to Cagliari, Sassari, Olbia, and to several minor centres in the
province and the region.
Other private operators (including Deplano Autolinee, Turmotravel,
Nuoro to various cities and airports in the
Nuoro is connected by train to
Ferrovie della Sardegna .
ATP Nuoro's bus system provides service within the city.
Casa dei Contrafforti, Nuoro's Old Town Nivola's
sculptures in Piazza Sebastiano Satta,
* Priamo Gallisay (1853–1930), musician (opera composer)
* Giampietro Chironi (1855–1918), senator
* Franceschino Guiso-Gallisai (1859-1933) Knight, Order of Merit for
* Antonio Ballero (1864–1932), writer, painter
Sebastiano Satta (1867–1914), poet, lawyer
* Pasquale Dessanai (1868–1919), poet
Grazia Deledda (1871–1936), writer, winner
Francesco Ciusa (1883–1949), sculptor, winner Biennale di
Attilio Deffenu (1890–1918), trade unionist
* Gonario Pinna (1898–1991), writer, politician, lawyer
* Salvatore Mannironi (1901, 1971), politician, Ministry of
Salvatore Satta (1902–1975), jurist, writer
* Giovanni Ciusa Romagna (1907–1958), painter
* Maria Giacobbe (born 1928), writer and essayist
Sebastiano Mannironi (born 1930), athlete. Olympic games medal
Franco Oppo (born 1935), composer
* Romano Ruiu (1935–1974), writer, poet, playwright
* Piero Marras (born 1949), singer-songwriter
* Giovanni Columbu (born 1949), film director
Marcello Fois (born 1960), writer
Flavio Manzoni (born 1967) car designer
Salvatore Sirigu (born 1987), footballer
* Corte ,
* ^ Population data from Istat
* ^ A B (in Italian) DOP
* ^ Probably from a root meaning "home" or "hearth" in
* ^ Source: ISTAT
* ^ Cultural Notes by the
Nuoro (in Italian)
* ^ E. Corda, Atene Sarda. Storie di vita nuorese 1886-1946,
Rusconi, 1992 - only available in Italian
* ^ "Twinning Ceremony" (in Italian). Retrieved 2010-04-01.