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NUNAVUT (/ˈnuːnəˌvʊt/ ; from Inuktitut : syllabics ᓄᓇᕗᑦ ; French pronunciation: ​ ) is the newest, largest, and northernmost territory of Canada
Canada
. It was separated officially from the Northwest Territories on April 1, 1999, via the Nunavut
Nunavut
Act and the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement Act, though the boundaries had been contemplatively drawn in 1993. The creation of Nunavut
Nunavut
resulted in the first major change to Canada\'s political map since the incorporation of the province of Newfoundland and Labrador
Newfoundland and Labrador
in 1949.

Nunavut
Nunavut
comprises a major portion of Northern Canada
Canada
, and most of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago
Canadian Arctic Archipelago
. Its vast territory makes it the fifth-largest country subdivision in the world , as well as North America's second-largest (after Greenland
Greenland
). The capital Iqaluit (formerly "Frobisher Bay"), on Baffin Island in the east, was chosen by the 1995 capital plebiscite . Other major communities include the regional centres of Rankin Inlet and Cambridge Bay . Nunavut
Nunavut
also includes Ellesmere Island
Ellesmere Island
to the far north, as well as the eastern and southern portions of Victoria Island in the west and Akimiski Island in James Bay far to the southeast of the rest of the territory. It is Canada's only geo-political region that is not connected to the rest of North America by highway.

Nunavut
Nunavut
is the largest in area and the second least populous of Canada's provinces and territories. One of the world's most remote, sparsely settled regions, it has a population of 35,944, mostly Inuit , spread over an area of just over 1,750,000 km2 (680,000 sq mi), the size of Western Europe . Nunavut
Nunavut
is also home to the world's northernmost permanently inhabited place, Alert . A weather station farther down Ellesmere Island, Eureka , has the lowest average annual temperature of any Canadian weather station. _ Niungvaliruluit_ ("pointer like a window") inuksuk , Foxe peninsula, Baffin Island

CONTENTS

* 1 Etymology

* 2 Geography

* 2.1 Climate

* 3 History

* 3.1 Archaeological
Archaeological
findings * 3.2 First written historical accounts * 3.3 Cold War
Cold War
* 3.4 Recent history

* 4 Demography

* 4.1 Language * 4.2 Religion

* 5 Economy

* 5.1 Mining and exploration * 5.2 Advancing mining projects * 5.3 Historic mines * 5.4 Transportation * 5.5 Renewable power

* 6 Government and politics

* 6.1 Licence plates * 6.2 Flag and coat of arms

* 7 Culture

* 7.1 Music * 7.2 Media * 7.3 Film * 7.4 Performing arts * 7.5 Nunavummiut (notable people) * 7.6 Alcohol * 7.7 Sport

* 8 See also * 9 Footnotes * 10 References * 11 Further reading * 12 External links

ETYMOLOGY

Nunavut
Nunavut
means "our land" in Inuktitut .

GEOGRAPHY

Main article: Geography of Nunavut

Nunavut
Nunavut
covers 1,877,787 km2 (725,018 sq mi) of land and 160,935 km2 (62,137 sq mi) of water in Northern Canada. The territory includes part of the mainland, most of the Arctic
Arctic
Archipelago, and all of the islands in Hudson Bay
Hudson Bay
, James Bay , and Ungava Bay , including the Belcher Islands , which belonged to the Northwest Territories. This makes it the fifth largest subnational entity (or administrative division ) in the world. If Nunavut
Nunavut
were a country, it would rank 15th in area.

Nunavut
Nunavut
has land borders with the Northwest Territories
Northwest Territories
on several islands as well as the mainland, Manitoba
Manitoba
to the south of the Nunavut mainland, Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan
to the southwest (at a single four-corner point), and a small land border with Newfoundland and Labrador
Newfoundland and Labrador
on Killiniq Island and with Ontario
Ontario
in two small locations in James Bay : the larger located west of Akimiski Island
Akimiski Island
, and the smaller around the Albany River near Fafard Island. It also shares maritime borders with Greenland
Greenland
and the provinces of Quebec
Quebec
, Ontario, and Manitoba.

Nunavut's highest point is Barbeau Peak (2,616 m (8,583 ft)) on Ellesmere Island. The population density is 0.019 persons/km2 (0.05 persons/sq mi), one of the lowest in the world. By comparison, Greenland
Greenland
has approximately the same area and nearly twice the population.

CLIMATE

Köppen climate types in Nunavut
Nunavut

Nunavut
Nunavut
experiences a polar climate in most regions, owing to its high latitude and lower continental summertime influence than areas to the west. In more southerly continental areas very cold subarctic climates can be found, due to July being slightly milder than the required 10 °C (50 °F).

AVERAGE DAILY MAXIMUM AND MINIMUM TEMPERATURES FOR SELECTED LOCATIONS IN NUNAVUT CITY JULY (°C) JULY (°F) JANUARY (°C) JANUARY (°F)

Alert 6/1 43/33 −29/−36 −20/−33

Baker Lake 17/6 63/43 −28/−35 −18/−31

Cambridge Bay 13/5 55/41 −29/−35 −19/−32

Eureka 9/3 49/37 −33/−40 −27/−40

Iqaluit
Iqaluit
12/4 54/39 −23/−31 −9/−24

Kugluktuk 16/6 60/43 −23/−31 −10/−25

Rankin Inlet 15/6 59/43 −27/−34 −17/−30

HISTORY

Main article: History of Nunavut See also: Paleo-Eskimo , Pre-Dorset , Dorset culture , Thule people , and Inuit
Inuit
Inuit
Inuit
women at Ashe Inlet , 1884.

The region now known as Nunavut
Nunavut
has supported a continuous indigenous population for approximately 4,000 years. Most historians identify the coast of Baffin Island with the _ Helluland _ described in Norse sagas , so it is possible that the inhabitants of the region had occasional contact with Norse sailors.

ARCHAEOLOGICAL FINDINGS

In September 2008, researchers reported on the evaluation of existing and newly excavated archaeological remains, including yarn spun from a hare , rats, tally sticks , a carved wooden face mask that depicts Caucasian features, and possible architectural material. The materials were collected in five seasons of excavation at Cape Tanfield . Scholars determined that these provide evidence of European traders and possibly settlers on Baffin Island , not later than 1000 CE (and thus older than or contemporaneous with L\'Anse aux Meadows ). They seem to indicate prolonged contact, possibly up to 1450. The origin of the Old World contact is unclear; the article states: "Dating of some yarn and other artifacts, presumed to be left by Vikings
Vikings
on Baffin Island, have produced an age that predates the Vikings
Vikings
by several hundred years. So you have to consider the possibility that as remote as it may seem, these finds may represent evidence of contact with Europeans prior to the Vikings' arrival in Greenland." Inuit village near Frobisher Bay , 1865

FIRST WRITTEN HISTORICAL ACCOUNTS

The written historical accounts of Nunavut
Nunavut
begin in 1576, with an account by English explorer Martin Frobisher . While leading an expedition to find the Northwest Passage
Northwest Passage
, Frobisher thought he had discovered gold ore around the body of water now known as Frobisher Bay on the coast of Baffin Island . The ore turned out to be worthless, but Frobisher made the first recorded European contact with the Inuit
Inuit
. Other explorers in search of the elusive Northwest Passage followed in the 17th century, including Henry Hudson , William Baffin and Robert Bylot .

COLD WAR

Cornwallis and Ellesmere Islands featured in the history of the Cold War in the 1950s. Concerned about the area's strategic geopolitical position, the federal government relocated Inuit
Inuit
from Nunavik (northern Quebec
Quebec
) to Resolute and Grise Fiord . In the unfamiliar and hostile conditions, they faced starvation but were forced to stay. Forty years later, the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples issued a report titled _The High Arctic
Arctic
Relocation: A Report on the 1953–55 Relocation_. The government paid compensation to those affected and their descendents and on August 18, 2010 in Inukjuak, Nunavik, the Honourable John Duncan, PC, MP, previous Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development and Federal Interlocutor for Métis and Non-Status Indians apologized on behalf of the Government of Canada for the relocation of Inuit
Inuit
to the High Arctic. Glacially polished banded coloured marble on Baffin Island .

RECENT HISTORY

In 1976, as part of the land claims negotiations between the Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami (then called the " Inuit
Inuit
Tapirisat of Canada") and the federal government , the parties discussed division of the Northwest Territories
Northwest Territories
to provide a separate territory for the Inuit. On April 14, 1982, a plebiscite on division was held throughout the Northwest Territories. A majority of the residents voted in favour and the federal government gave a conditional agreement seven months later.

The land claims agreement was completed in September 1992 and ratified by nearly 85% of the voters in Nunavut
Nunavut
in a referendum . On July 9, 1993, the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement Act and the Nunavut Act were passed by the Canadian Parliament . The transition to establish Nunavut
Nunavut
Territory was completed on April 1, 1999. The creation of Nunavut
Nunavut
has been followed by growth in the capital, Iqaluit—a modest increase from 5,200 in 2001 to 6,600 in 2011.

DEMOGRAPHY

Main article: Demographics of Nunavut See also: List of municipalities in Nunavut
Nunavut

As of the 2016 Canada
Canada
Census , the population of Nunavut
Nunavut
was 35,944, a 12.7% increase from 2011. In 2006, 24,640 people identified themselves as Inuit
Inuit
(83.6% of the total population), 100 as First Nations (0.34%), 130 Métis (0.44%) and 4,410 as non-aboriginal (14.96%).

Ten largest communities MUNICIPALITY 2016 2011 2006 GROWTH 2011-16

Iqaluit
Iqaluit
7,082 6,699 6,184 10.3%

Rankin Inlet 2,441 1,905 1,528 28.1%

Arviat 2,318 2,060

12.5%

Baker Lake 1,872 1,728

8.3%

Cambridge Bay 1,619 1,452 1,377 11.5%

Pond Inlet 1,549 1,315

17.8%

Igloolik 1,454 1,538

−5.5%

Kugluktuk 1,450 1,302

11.4%

Pangnirtung 1,425 1,325

7.5%

Cape Dorset 1,441 1,363 1,236 5.7%

The population growth rate of Nunavut
Nunavut
has been well above the Canadian average for several decades, mostly due to birth rates significantly higher than the Canadian average—a trend that continues. Between 2011 and 2016, Nunavut
Nunavut
had the highest population growth rate of any Canadian province or territory, at a rate of 12.7%. The second highest was Alberta, with a growth rate of 11.6%.

LANGUAGE

Along with the Inuit
Inuit
Language ( Inuktitut and Inuinnaqtun ), English and French are also official languages.

In his 2000 commissioned report (_Aajiiqatigiingniq Language of Instruction Research Paper_) to the Nunavut
Nunavut
Department of Education, Ian Martin of York University
York University
stated a "long-term threat to Inuit languages from English is found everywhere, and current school language policies and practices on language are contributing to that threat" if Nunavut
Nunavut
schools follow the Northwest Territories
Northwest Territories
model. He provided a 20-year language plan to create a "fully functional bilingual society, in Inuktitut and English" by 2020. The plan provides different models, including:

* "Qulliq Model", for most Nunavut
Nunavut
communities, with Inuktitut as the main language of instruction. * " Inuinnaqtun Immersion Model", for language reclamation and immersion to revitalize Inuinnaqtun as a living language.

_ Kugluktuk

* "Mixed Population Model", mainly for Iqaluit
Iqaluit
(possibly for Rankin Inlet), as the 40% Qallunaat_, or non-Inuit, population may have different requirements.

Pangnirtung

Of the 29,025 responses to the census question concerning 'mother tongue', the most commonly reported languages were:

RANK LANGUAGE NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS PERCENTAGE

1 Inuktitut 20,185 69.54%

2 ENGLISH 7,765 26.75%

3 FRENCH 370 1.27%

4 Inuinnaqtun 295 1.02%

Only English and French were counted as official languages in the census. Nunavut's official languages are shown in bold. Figures shown are for single-language responses and the percentage of total single-language responses.

In the 2006 census it was reported that 2,305 people (7.86%) living in Nunavut
Nunavut
had no knowledge of either official language of Canada (English or French).

RELIGION

The largest denominations by number of adherents according to the 2001 census were the Anglican Church of Canada
Canada
with 15,440 (58%); the Roman Catholic Church (Roman Catholic Diocese of Churchill-Baie d\'Hudson ) with 6,205 (23%); and Pentecostal
Pentecostal
with 1,175 (4%). In total, 93.2% of the population were Christian.

ECONOMY

The economy of Nunavut
Nunavut
is Inuit
Inuit
and Territorial Government, mining, oil gas mineral exploration, arts crafts, hunting, fishing, whaling, tourism, transportation, education - Nunavut Arctic College , housing, military and research – new Canadian High Arctic
Arctic
Research Station CHARS in planning for Cambridge Bay and high north Alert Bay Station. Iqaluit
Iqaluit
hosts the annual Nunavut
Nunavut
Mining Symposium every April, this is a tradeshow that showcases many economic activities on going in Nunavut.

MINING AND EXPLORATION

There are currently three major mines in operation in Nunavut.

Agnico-Eagle Mines Ltd – Meadowbank Division. Meadowbank is an open pit gold mine with an estimated mine life 2010–2020 and employs 680 persons. The second recently opened mine in production is the Mary River Iron Ore mine operated by Baffinland Iron Mines. It is located close to Pond Inlet on North Baffin Island. They produce a high grade direct ship iron ore.

The most recent mine to open is Doris North or the Hope Bay Mine operated by TMAC Resource Ltd. This new high grade gold mine is the first in a series of potential mines in gold occurrences all along the Hope Bay greenstone belt .

ADVANCING MINING PROJECTS

NAME COMPANY IN THE REGION OF MATERIAL

Amaruq and Meliadine Gold
Gold
Projects Agnico-Eagle Rankin Inlet Gold

Back River Project Sabina Gold
Gold
closed. * Doris North Gold
Gold
Mine Newmont Mining approx 3 km (2 mi) underground drifting/mining, none milled or processed. Newmont closed the mine and sold it to TMAC Resources in 2013. TMAC has now reached commercial production in 2017.

TRANSPORTATION

* Northern Transportation Company Limited , owned by Norterra, a holding company that was, until April 1, 2014, jointly owned by the Inuvialuit of the Northwest Territories
Northwest Territories
and the Inuit
Inuit
of Nunavut.

RENEWABLE POWER

Further information: Global warming in the Arctic Open ocean absorbs more sunshine, while sea ice, shown here in Nunavut, reflects more, accelerating freezing.

Nunavut's people rely primarily on diesel fuel to run generators and heat homes, with fossil fuel shipments from southern Canada
Canada
by plane or boat because there are few to no roads or rail links to the region. There is a government effort to use more renewable energy sources, which is generally supported by the community.

This support comes from Nunavut
Nunavut
feeling the effects of global warming . Former Nunavut
Nunavut
Premier Eva Aariak said in 2011, " Climate change
Climate change
is very much upon us. It is affecting our hunters, the animals, the thinning of the ice is a big concern, as well as erosion from permafrost melting." The region is warming about twice as fast as the global average, according to the UN's Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change .

GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS

Legislative assembly building in Iqaluit
Iqaluit

Nunavut
Nunavut
has a Commissioner appointed by the federal Minister of Indigenous and Northern Affairs . As in the other territories, the commissioner's role is symbolic and is analogous to that of a Lieutenant-Governor . While the Commissioner is not formally a representative of Canada\'s head of state , a role roughly analogous to representing The Crown
The Crown
has accrued to the position.

Nunavut
Nunavut
elects a single member of the Canadian House of Commons . This makes Nunavut
Nunavut
the largest electoral district in the world by area.

The members of the unicameral Legislative Assembly of Nunavut are elected individually; there are no parties and the legislature is consensus-based . The head of government, the premier of Nunavut
Nunavut
, is elected by, and from the members of the legislative assembly. As of January 21, 2014, the Premier is Peter Taptuna .

Faced by criticism of his policies, former Premier Paul Okalik set up an advisory council of eleven elders, whose function it is to help incorporate _" Inuit
Inuit
Qaujimajatuqangit "_ ( Inuit
Inuit
culture and traditional knowledge, often referred to in English as "IQ") into the territory's political and governmental decisions. Ceremony on the occasion of the foundation of Nunavut, April 1, 1999 Regions of Nunavut
Nunavut

Owing to Nunavut's vast size, the stated goal of the territorial government has been to decentralize governance beyond the region's capital. Three regions —Kitikmeot , Kivalliq and Qikiqtaaluk/Baffin —are the basis for more localized administration, although they lack autonomous governments of their own.

The territory has an annual budget of C$ 700 million, provided almost entirely by the federal government. Former Prime Minister Paul Martin designated support for Northern Canada
Canada
as one of his priorities for 2004, with an extra $500 million to be divided among the three territories.

In 2001, the government of New Brunswick
New Brunswick
collaborated with the federal government and the technology firm SSI Micro to launch Qiniq , a unique network that uses satellite delivery to provide broadband Internet access to 24 communities in Nunavut. As a result, the territory was named one of the world's "Smart 25 Communities" in 2006 by the Intelligent Community Forum , a worldwide organization that honours innovation in broadband technologies. The Nunavut
Nunavut
Public Library Services , the public library system serving the territory, also provides various information services to the territory.

In September 2012, Premier Aariak welcomed Prince Edward and Sophie, Countess of Wessex , to Nunavut
Nunavut
as part of the events marking the Diamond Jubilee
Diamond Jubilee
of Queen Elizabeth II
Queen Elizabeth II
.

LICENCE PLATES

The Nunavut
Nunavut
licence plate was originally created for the Northwest Territories in the 1970s. The plate has long been famous worldwide for its unique design in the shape of a polar bear . Nunavut
Nunavut
was licensed by the NWT to use the same licence plate design in 1999 when it became a separate territory, but adopted its own plate design in March 2012 for launch in August 2012—a rectangle that prominently features the northern lights, a polar bear and an inuksuk .

FLAG AND COAT OF ARMS

The flag and the coat of arms of Nunavut
Nunavut
were designed by Andrew Karpik from Pangnirtung .

CULTURE

MUSIC

Inuit
Inuit
drum dancing, Gjoa Haven , Nunavut
Nunavut
Main article: Music of Nunavut
Nunavut

The indigenous music of Nunavut
Nunavut
includes Inuit
Inuit
throat singing and drum-led dancing, along with country music , bluegrass , square dancing , the button accordion and the fiddle , an infusion of European influence.

MEDIA

The Inuit
Inuit
Broadcasting Corporation is based in Nunavut. The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) serves Nunavut
Nunavut
through a radio and television production centre in Iqaluit, and a bureau in Rankin Inlet. The territory is also served by two regional weekly newspapers _ Nunatsiaq News _ published by Nortext and _ Nunavut
Nunavut
News/North _, published by Northern News Services , who also publish the regional _Kivalliq News_. Broadband internet is provided by Qiniq and Northwestel
Northwestel
through Netkaster.

FILM

The film production company Isuma
Isuma
is based in Igloolik. Co-founded by Zacharias Kunuk and Norman Cohn in 1990, the company produced the 1999 feature _Atanarjuat: The Fast Runner _, winner of the Caméra d\'Or for Best First Feature Film at the 2001 Cannes Film Festival . It was the first feature film written, directed, and acted entirely in Inuktitut .

In November 2006, the National Film Board of Canada
Canada
(NFB) and the Inuit
Inuit
Broadcasting Corporation announced the start of the Nunavut Animation Lab, offering animation training to Nunavut
Nunavut
artists at workshops in Iqaluit, Cape Dorset and Pangnirtung. Films from the Nunavut
Nunavut
Animation Lab include Alethea Arnaquq-Baril 's 2010 digital animation short _Lumaajuuq_, winner of the Best Aboriginal Award at the Golden Sheaf Awards and named Best Canadian Short Drama at the imagineNATIVE Film + Media Arts Festival .

In November 2011, the government of Nunavut
Nunavut
and the NFB jointly announced the launch of a DVD and online collection entitled _ Unikkausivut _ (Inuktitut: _Sharing Our Stories_), which will make over 100 NFB films by and about Inuit
Inuit
available in Inuktitut, Inuinnaqtun and other Inuit
Inuit
languages, as well as English and French. The Government of Nunavut
Nunavut
is distributing _Unikkausivut_ to every school in the territory.

PERFORMING ARTS

Artcirq is a collective of Inuit
Inuit
circus performers based in Igloolik. The group has performed around the world, including at the 2010 Olympic Winter Games in Vancouver, British Columbia.

NUNAVUMMIUT (NOTABLE PEOPLE)

Main article: List of people from Nunavut

Susan Aglukark is an Inuit
Inuit
singer and songwriter. She has released six albums and has won several Juno Awards
Juno Awards
. She blends the Inuktitut and English languages with contemporary pop music arrangements to tell the stories of her people, the Inuit
Inuit
of Arctic.

On May 3, 2008, the Kronos Quartet premiered a collaborative piece with Inuit
Inuit
throat singer Tanya Tagaq , entitled _Nunavut_, based on an Inuit
Inuit
folk story. Tagaq is also known internationally for her collaborations with Icelandic pop star Björk .

Jordin John Kudluk Tootoo ( Inuktitut syllabics: ᔪᐊᑕᓐ ᑐᑐ; born February 2, 1983 in Churchill, Manitoba
Manitoba
, Canada) is a professional ice hockey player with the Chicago Blackhawks of the National Hockey League (NHL). Although born in Manitoba, Tootoo grew up in Rankin Inlet, where he was taught to skate and play hockey by his father, Barney.

ALCOHOL

Due to prohibition laws influenced by local and traditional beliefs, Nunavut
Nunavut
has a highly regulated alcohol market. It is the last outpost of prohibition in Canada, and it is often easier to obtain firearms than alcohol. Every community in Nunavut
Nunavut
has slightly differing regulations, but as a whole it is still very restrictive. Seven communities have bans against alcohol and another 14 have orders being restricted by local committees. Because of these laws, a lucrative bootlegging market has appeared where people mark up the prices of bottles by extraordinary amounts. The RCMP estimate Nunavut's bootleg liquor market rakes in some $10 million a year.

Despite the restrictions, alcohol's availability leads to widespread alcohol related crime. One lawyer estimated some 95% of police calls are alcohol related. Alcohol is also believed to be a contributing factor to the territory's high rates of violence, suicide and homicide. A special task force created in 2010 to study and address the territory's increasing alcohol-related problems recommended the government ease alcohol restrictions. With prohibition shown to be highly ineffective historically, it is believed these laws contribute to the territory's widespread social ills. However, many residents are skeptical about the effectiveness of liquor sale liberalization and want to ban it completely. In 2014, Nunavut's government decided to move towards more legalization. A liquor store will be opened in Iqaluit, the capital, for the first time in 38 years.

SPORT

Nunavut
Nunavut
has competed at the Arctic Winter Games and co-hosted the 2002 edition .

Hockey Nunavut was founded in 1999 and competes in the Maritime-Hockey North Junior C Championship .

SEE ALSO

* Book: Canada
Canada

* Nunavut
Nunavut
portal * Arctic
Arctic
portal

* Chemetco , U.S. company that produced air-borne dioxin inferred to be the source of contamination in Nunavut * Archaeology in Nunavut * Scouting and Guiding in Nunavut * Symbols of Nunavut * Arctic
Arctic
policy of Canada
Canada
* List of communities in Nunavut

FOOTNOTES

^1 Effective November 12, 2008.

REFERENCES

* ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ _F_ Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "Population and Dwelling Count Highlight Tables, 2016 Census". _www12.statcan.gc.ca_. Retrieved 2017-02-08. * ^ "Population by year of Canada
Canada
of Canada
Canada
and territories". Statistics Canada
Canada
. September 26, 2014. Retrieved March 20, 2016. * ^ _Nunavummiut_, the plural demonym for residents of Nunavut, appears throughout the Government of Nunavut
Nunavut
website, proceedings of the Nunavut
Nunavut
legislature, and elsewhere. Nunavut
Nunavut
Housing Corporation, Discussion Paper Released to Engage Nunavummiut on Development of Suicide Prevention Strategy. Alan Rayburn, previous head of the Canadian Permanent Committee of Geographical Names, opined that: " Nunavut
Nunavut
is still too young to have acquired , although _Nunavutan_ may be an obvious choice." In _Naming Canada: stories about Canadian place names_ 2001. (2nd ed. ed.). Toronto: University of Toronto Press. (ISBN 0-8020-8293-9 ); p. 50. * ^ _A_ _B_ "Consolidation of (S.Nu. 2008,c.10) (NIF) Official Languages Act] and

* Alia, Valerie. (2007) _Names and Nunavut
Nunavut
Culture and Identity in Arctic
Arctic
Canada_. New York: Berghahn Books. ISBN 1-84545-165-1 * Henderson, Ailsa. (2007) _Nunavut: Rethinking Political Culture_. Vancouver: University of British Columbia
British Columbia
Press . ISBN 0-7748-1423-3 * Dahl, Jens; Hicks, Jack; Jull, Peter, eds. (2002), _Nunavut: Inuit regain control of their lands and their lives_, International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs, ISBN 87-90730-34-8 * Kulchyski, Peter Keith. (2005) _Like the Sound of a Drum: Aboriginal Cultural Politics in Denendeh and Nunavut_. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba
Manitoba
Press . ISBN 0-88755-178-5 * Sanna, Ellyn, and William Hunter. (2008) _Canada's Modern-Day Aboriginal Peoples Nunavut
Nunavut
">

TOURISM

* Explore Nunavut: Travel information and community guides * Nunavut
Nunavut
Parks * Nunavut
Nunavut
Tourism

JOURNALISM

* CBC North Radio: hear Inuktitut and English radio from Nunavut * Territorial newspaper reporting in Inuktitut and English, Nunatsiaq News * Nunavut
Nunavut
News from News/North

‹ The template below (_Geographic location _) is being considered for deletion. See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus. ›

_ Arctic Ocean
Arctic Ocean
_ _ Sakha , Russia
Russia
Arctic Ocean
Arctic Ocean
_ Arkhangelsk Oblast
Arkhangelsk Oblast
, Krasnoyarsk Krai , Nenets Autonomous Okrug , Sakha and Yamalo- Nenets Autonomous Okrug , Russia
Russia
Greenland
Greenland
, Denmark
Denmark
_ Baffin Bay _ _

Northwest Territories
Northwest Territories

Hudson Bay
Hudson Bay
_ _ Quebec
Quebec

NUNAVUT

Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan
Manitoba
Manitoba
Hudson Bay
Hudson Bay
_ _ Ontario
Ontario
and Newfoundland and Labrador
Newfoundland and Labrador

LINKS TO RELATED ARTICLES

* v * t * e

Nunavut-related topics

CORE TOPICS

* HISTORY * GEOGRAPHY * REGIONS * COMMUNITIES * GOVERNMENT * PEOPLE

* Demographics * Transportation * Highways * Airports * Commissioners and Deputy Commissioners * Premiers * Legislative Assembly * Elections * Electoral districts

KITIKMEOT REGION

* Bathurst Inlet * Cambridge Bay * Gjoa Haven * Kugaaruk * Kugluktuk * Taloyoak * Umingmaktok

KIVALLIQ REGION

* Arviat * Baker Lake * Chesterfield Inlet * Coral Harbour * Naujaat * Rankin Inlet * Whale Cove

QIKIQTAALUK REGION

* Arctic Bay * Cape Dorset * Clyde River * Grise Fiord * Hall Beach * Igloolik * IQALUIT * Kimmirut * ( Nanisivik ) * Pangnirtung * Pond Inlet * Qikiqtarjuaq * Resolute * Sanikiluaq

NATIONAL PARKS

* Auyuittuq * Quttinirpaaq * Sirmilik * Ukkusiksalik

TERRITORIAL PARKS

* Inuujarvik * Iqalugaarjuup Nunanga (Ijiraliq) * Katannilik * Kekerten * Kugluk/Bloody Falls * Mallikjuaq * Northwest Passage
Northwest Passage
* Ovayok * Qaummaarviit * Sylvia Grinnell * Tamaarvik * Taqaiqsirvik * Tupirvik

* CATEGORY * PORTAL * WIKIPROJECT

* v * t * e

Provinces and territories of Canada

PROVINCES

* Alberta
Alberta
* British Columbia
British Columbia
* Manitoba
Manitoba
* New Brunswick
New Brunswick
* Newfoundland and Labrador
Newfoundland and Labrador
* Nova Scotia
Nova Scotia
* Ontario
Ontario
* Prince Edward Island
Prince Edward Island
* Quebec
Quebec
* Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan

TERRITORIES

* Northwest Territories
Northwest Territories
* Nunavut * Yukon
Yukon

HISTORICAL

* Former colonies and territories in Canada
Canada
* Territorial evolution of Canada
Canada
after 1867 * Proposed provinces and territories of Canada
Canada

RELATED

* Area * Bibliography * Extreme points * Government spending * Gross domestic product
Gross domestic product
* Language policies * Mountains * Museums * Name etymologies * Population * Regions * Symbols * Topics * Unemployment

* BOOK * CATEGORY * PORTAL * WIKIPROJECT

* v * t * e

Geography of the provinces and territories of Canada
Canada

NATIONAL

* Geography of Canada
Canada
* Centre of Canada
Canada

PROVINCES

* British Columbia
British Columbia
* Alberta
Alberta
* Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan
* Manitoba
Manitoba
* Ontario
Ontario
* Quebec
Quebec
* New Brunswick
New Brunswick
* Nova Scotia
Nova Scotia
* Prince Edward Island
Prince Edward Island
* Newfoundland and Labrador
Newfoundland and Labrador

TERRITORIES

* Yukon
Yukon
* Northwest Territories
Northwest Territories
* Nunavut
Nunavut

SEE ALSO_

* _Regions of Canada
Canada
_ * _Islands _ * _Rivers _ * _Lakes _ * _Mountains _ * _National Parks _ * _Volcanoes _

* CATEGORY * PORTAL * WIKIPROJECT

* v * t * e

Arctic
Arctic
topics

HISTORY

* Arctic
Arctic
research * Exploration
Exploration
of the Arctic
Arctic
* History of whaling
History of whaling

GOVERNMENT

* Arctic
Arctic
Council * Arctic
Arctic
cooperation and politics * Arctic Ocean
Arctic Ocean
Conference * Chief Directorate of the Northern Sea Route * United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea * Ilulissat Declaration * Inuit
Inuit
Circumpolar Council * Saami Council * Territorial claims in the Arctic
Arctic

GEOGRAPHY

* Arctic
Arctic
Circle * Arctic
Arctic
ecology * Arctic Ocean
Arctic Ocean
* Arctic
Arctic
Cyclone * Arctic
Arctic
geography terminology * Greenland
Greenland
ice sheet * Impact craters of the Arctic
Arctic
* North Pole
North Pole
* Populated places in the Arctic
Arctic
* Tundra
Tundra
* Nordicity

REGIONS

* Arctic
Arctic
Alaska * British Arctic
Arctic
Territories * Canadian Arctic Archipelago
Canadian Arctic Archipelago
* Finnmark
Finnmark
* Greenland
Greenland
* Northern Canada
Canada
* Northwest Territories
Northwest Territories
* Nunavik * Nunavut * Russian Arctic
Arctic
* Sakha * Sápmi * Yukon
Yukon
* North American Arctic
Arctic

CLIMATE

* Arctic
Arctic
Climate Impact Assessment * Arctic
Arctic
dipole anomaly * Arctic
Arctic
sea ice ecology and history * Arctic
Arctic
ice pack * Arctic
Arctic
sea ice decline * Climate of Alaska
Climate of Alaska
* Polar climate * Effects of global warming
Effects of global warming
on marine mammals * Polar amplification * Global warming in the Arctic

FAUNA

* Walrus
Walrus
* Narwhal
Narwhal
* Bowhead whale
Bowhead whale
* Polar bear
Polar bear
* Arctic
Arctic
fox * Snowy owl * Reindeer
Reindeer
* Caribou * Beluga whale * Lemming
Lemming
* Muskox * Ribbon seal * Bearded seal
Bearded seal
* Hooded seal * Harp seal * Ringed seal

FLORA

* Arctic
Arctic
ecology * Arctic
Arctic
vegetation * Tundra
Tundra

CULTURE

* Arctic
Arctic
peoples * Subarctic peoples * Northern Indigenous Peoples of Russia
Russia
* Evenks * Inuit
Inuit
* Chukotka * Koryaks
Koryaks
* Nenets * Khanty * Chukchi * Selkup * Sami * Yukaghir * Gwich\'in * Yakuts * Arctic Winter Games * Tsagaan Sar
Tsagaan Sar
(New Year\'s Day)

ECONOMY

* Arctic
Arctic
Refuge drilling controversy * Parks, reserves and refuges * Transportation in the Arctic
Arctic
* Petroleum exploration in the Arctic
Arctic
* Natural resources of the Arctic
Arctic

TRANSPORT

* Arctic
Arctic
shipping routes * Arctic
Arctic
Bridge * Northeast Passage * Northwest Passage
Northwest Passage
* Northern Sea Route * Transpolar Sea Route * Polar air route * Search and rescue

* CATEGORY * PORTAL * WIKIPROJECT

Coordinates : 73°N 091°W / 73°N 91°W / 73; -91

AUTHORITY CONTROL

* WorldCat Identities * VIAF : 157036760 * LCCN : n99032030 * GND : 4248598-8 * BNF : cb13508933t (data)

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