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The Numismatic Museum in Athens
Athens
(Greek: Νομισματικό Μουσείο) is one of the most important museums of Greece
Greece
and houses one of the greatest collections of coins, ancient and modern, in the world. The museum itself is housed in the mansion of the archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann, formally known as Iliou Melathron (Greek: Ιλίου Μέλαθρον, "Palace of Ilion").

Contents

1 History 2 The Iliou Melathron 3 Collections 4 Location and visitors information 5 Gallery 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

History[edit]

Façade close-up.

The first tries of coin collecting by the state began shortly after the independence of Greece
Greece
in Aegina. The collection was enriched after excavations, purchases and donations. The museum was founded in 1838, around the same era with the National Archaeological Museum but it was not until many years after and several decrees that became an independent organization. Initially, the collection was a part of the National Library of Greece
Greece
and was housed at the main building of the University of Athens
Athens
and later at the building of the Academy of Athens
Athens
where the collection was first exhibited. In 1946, the collection was moved at the National Archaeological Museum. The organization of the museum became twice independent, in 1893 and 1965.[1] The Iliou Melathron was granted in order to house the collection in 1984 and after a major renovation it finally opened in 1998.[2] The Iliou Melathron[edit]

The building in 1910

The Numismatic Museum is housed at the Iliou Melathron, a three-storey building on Panepistimiou Street. It was built between 1878-1880 for Heinrich Schliemann
Heinrich Schliemann
and the architect was the then famous Ernst Ziller. At the time of its completion, it was considered to be the most magnificent private residence of Athens. Its design was inspired by the Renaissance Revival
Renaissance Revival
movement as well as Neoclassicism, while the interior is influenced by the architecture of Pompeii. As a result, the rooms are decorated with mosaics and murals depicting either themes from the Trojan War or Greek mottos.[3] In 1927, the widow of Heinrich Schliemann, Sophia, sold the building to the Greek State and it was subsequently used as the seat of the Council of State and later the Court of Cassation.[2]

View of the interior of the museum.

The use of the building as a courthouse caused much damage. After the building was chosen to house the Numismatic Museum, it underwent a major renovation under which the floor mosaics and the murals were restored. Finally, the numismatic collection was inaugurated in the partly restored building in 1998 while the whole collection became viewable in 2007.[4] Collections[edit] The collection of the museum contains 600,000 objects, mainly coins but also medals, standard masses, dies, stamps and others, from the 14th century BC until modern times.[5] The collection is arranged in such a way so as to follow the history of coinage. The museum holds a very important collection of coins from the 6th century BC until the 5th century CE like those from the Greek Poleis and the Hellenistic and Roman periods. There also major Byzantine and Medieval collections from Western Europe, the East and the Ottoman Empire. A large portion of the collection is constituted by coins that were found in hoards while the rest comes from the initial collection of Aegina, recent excavations in mainland Greece
Greece
and donations. The museum houses a library of 12,000 books specialized in the study of coinage. There is also a perfectly equipped conservation laboratory. Location and visitors information[edit] The Numismatic Museum is on 12 Panepistimiou Street
Panepistimiou Street
near Syntagma Square. It is served by the Syntagma metro station. There is a museum shop and a coffeehouse in the garden. Gallery[edit]

Copper ingots from Crete
Crete
and Mycenae.

Iron oboloi in the form of spit, uncovered at Heraion of Argos.

Athens, 467-465 BC. Silver Dekadrachm. Head of Athena
Athena
right

Silver Drachma
Drachma
of Athens. Helmeted head of Athena
Athena
right / ΑΘΕ (ΑΘΗΝΑΙΩΝ - of Athenians), Owl standing right.

Silver decadrachm from Syracuse, Sicily. Head of Arethusa left, four dolphins around.

Hoard
Hoard
of gold coins from Epidaurus, 3rd Century BC.

Hoard
Hoard
of gold coins from Ancient Corinth

Gold and silver coins of Ptolemies.

Gold coins of the Byzantine Empire.

Mints of the Byzantine Empire.

See also[edit]

List of museums in Greece List of museums with major numismatic collections Ancient Greek coinage Byzantine coinage Ioannis Svoronos

References[edit]

^ Papyros Larousse Britannica, Athens, 2006 ^ a b "THE ILIOU MELATHRON". Numismatic Museum, Athens. Archived from the original on 10 April 2013. Retrieved 15 March 2013.  ^ "Ιλίου Μέλαθρον". ΑΡΧΕΙΟ ΝΕΟΤΕΡΩΝ ΜΝΗΜΕΙΩΝ. Retrieved 15 March 2013.  ^ "Ιστορικό". odysseus.culture.gr. Retrieved 15 March 2013.  ^ Touratsoglou, I. "Numismatic Museum of Athens, Archaeology and Arts, March 1999" (PDF) (in Greek). arxaiologia.gr. Retrieved 17 April 2016. 

Great Greek Encyclopedia, vol. XVIII, Athens, 1932

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Numismatic Museum of Athens.

Numismatic Museum official site Hellenic Ministry of Culture and Tourism www.athensinfoguide.com

Coordinates: 37°58′40.08″N 23°44′07.44″E / 37.9778000°N 23.7354000°E / 37.9778000; 23.7354000

v t e

Museums in Athens

Archaeological

Acropolis Museum Epigraphical Museum Goulandris Museum of Cycladic Art Kerameikos Kanellopoulou Museum National Archaeological Museum Stoa of Attalos Old Acropolis Museum Syntagma Metro Station Archaeological Collection Museum of the Center for the Acropolis Studies Athens
Athens
International Airport Archaeological Collection

Byzantine and ecclesiastic

Byzantine and Christian Museum

Ethnological/historical

Athens
Athens
War Museum Drossinis Museum Eleftherios Venizelos Historical Museum Goulandris Natural History Museum Jewish Museum of Greece Museum of the City of Athens National Historical Museum

Folklore

Museum of Greek Folk Art Museum of Greek Folk Musical Instruments Centre for the Study of Traditional Pottery Museum of the History of the Greek Costume

Art museums/galleries

Benaki Museum Emfietzoglou Gallery Museum Frissiras Museum Ilias Lalaounis Jewelry Museum Municipal Gallery of Athens National Gallery (Athens) National Glyptotheque National Museum of Contemporary Art

Industry/technology

Evgenidio Foundation Hellenic Air Force Museum Hellenic Motor Museum Railway Museum of Athens Electric Railways Museum Technopolis (Gazi)

Education/sports/ Special
Special
Interests

Athens
Athens
University Museum Hellenic Children's Museum Hellenic Cosmos Numismatic Museum of Athens Theatrical Museum of Greece Postal & Philatelic Museum of Greece

Museum ships

Georgios Averof Velos D16 SS Hellas Liberty Olympias

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 312739262 GND: 5063767-8 SUDOC: 121310981 BNF: cb1213

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