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NEW SPARTA STATE, in Spanish ESTADO NUEVA ESPARTA (IPA: ), is one of the 23 states of Venezuela
Venezuela
. It comprises Margarita Island , Coche , and the largely uninhabited Cubagua .

The state is the smallest one in area, and is located off the northeast Caribbean
Caribbean
coast of Venezuela. It is the only insular state of Venezuela
Venezuela
(not including the Federal Dependencies , a federal territory but not a state). The main island of Margarita has an area of 934 km2. Its capital city is La Asunción , and the main urban center is Porlamar .

CONTENTS

* 1 Etymology * 2 History

* 3 Geography

* 3.1 Municipalities

* 4 Population

* 4.1 Race and ethnicity

* 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links

ETYMOLOGY

Its name comes from the heroism shown by its inhabitants during the Venezuelan War of Independence
Venezuelan War of Independence
, deemed similar to that of the Spartan soldiers of Ancient Greece .

HISTORY

Playa el Agua, Margarita Island .

Founded in 1525, the Province of Margarita was the oldest of those that in 1777 formed the Post of Captain-General of Venezuela
Venezuela
. It was dependent on the Royal Audience of Santo Domingo until 1739, when it was annexed to the Viceroyalty of New Granada (Virreinato de Nueva Granada).

In 1821, when Gran Colombia
Gran Colombia
was created, the Province of Margarita was integrated to the Orinoco Department , along with other regions. When the Republic of Venezuela
Venezuela
arose in 1830, it was one of the original Provinces of Venezuela
Venezuela
.

In 1864, when Venezuela
Venezuela
was divided into 20 states and a Federal District, Margarita took the name of State of New Sparta. In 1881 its status was changed to be a section of the Greater Guzmán Blanco State (Called Miranda from 1889 to 1898). In 1901, two years after the autonomy of the states was restored, it retook the name of New Sparta, but again lost it between 1904 and 1909, period in which it was included in the Federal District as "Eastern Section". In 1909 it recovered the condition of a State, and in 1948 it added the island of Cubagua.

GEOGRAPHY

The main island of Margarita has an area of 934 km2. Its capital city is La Asunción . The main urban center is Porlamar . Other important towns are Juan Griego, Pampatar
Pampatar
(home of the Port Authority), Punta de Piedras, San Juan Bautista, Las Guevaras, Las Hernández, Villa Rosa, Bella Vista (Margarita), El Valle del Espíritu Santo.

MUNICIPALITIES

ISLA DE MARGARITA ISLA DE CUBAGUA ISLA DE COCHE MACANAO PENINSULA Boca de Río MAR CARIBE TUBORES TUBORES Punta de Piedras VILLALBA San Pedro DíAZ San Juan Bautista GARCíA El Valle MARIñO Porlamar MANEIRO Pampatar
Pampatar
ARISMENDI LA ASUNCIÓN MARCANO Juan Griego Santa Ana GóMEZ Santa Ana GóMEZ Paraguachí ANTOLíN

Political Territorial Division of Nueva Esparta
Nueva Esparta
MUNICIPALITY CAPITAL SURFACE POPULATION DENSITY (KM²)

Antolín del Campo La Plaza de Paraguachí 72 km² 21.890 305,30

Arismendi La Asunción 52 km² 23.616 454,15

Díaz San Juan Bautista 166 km² 39.491 238,04

García El Valle del Espíritu Santo 85 km² 49.967 587,16

Gómez Santa Ana 96 km² 33.436 349,38

Maneiro