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New Sparta
Sparta
State, in Spanish Estado Nueva Esparta (IPA: [esˈtaðo ˈnweβa esˈparta]), is one of the 23 states of Venezuela. It comprises Margarita Island, Coche, and the largely uninhabited Cubagua. The state is the smallest one in area, and is located off the northeast Caribbean
Caribbean
coast of Venezuela. It is the only insular state of Venezuela
Venezuela
(not including the Federal Dependencies, a federal territory but not a state). The main island of Margarita has an area of 934 km2. Its capital city is La Asunción, and the main urban center is Porlamar.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History 3 Geography

3.1 Municipalities

4 Population

4.1 Race and ethnicity

5 See also 6 References 7 External links

Etymology[edit] Its name comes from the heroism shown by its inhabitants during the Venezuelan War of Independence, deemed similar to that of the Spartan soldiers of Ancient Greece. History[edit]

Playa el Agua, Margarita Island.

Founded in 1525, the Province of Margarita
Province of Margarita
was the oldest of those that in 1777 formed the Post of Captain-General of Venezuela. It was dependent on the Royal Audience of Santo Domingo until 1739, when it was annexed to the Viceroyalty of New Granada
Viceroyalty of New Granada
(Virreinato de Nueva Granada). In 1821, when Gran Colombia
Gran Colombia
was created, the Province of Margarita
Province of Margarita
was integrated to the Orinoco Department, along with other regions. When the Republic of Venezuela
Venezuela
arose in 1830, it was one of the original Provinces of Venezuela. In 1864, when Venezuela
Venezuela
was divided into 20 states and a Federal District, Margarita took the name of State of New Sparta. In 1881 its status was changed to be a section of the Greater Guzmán Blanco State (Called Miranda from 1889 to 1898). In 1901, two years after the autonomy of the states was restored, it retook the name of New Sparta, but again lost it between 1904 and 1909, period in which it was included in the Federal District as "Eastern Section". In 1909 it recovered the condition of a State, and in 1948 it added the island of Cubagua. Geography[edit] The main island of Margarita has an area of 934 km2. Its capital city is La Asunción. The main urban center is Porlamar. Other important towns are Juan Griego, Pampatar
Pampatar
(home of the Port Authority), Punta de Piedras, San Juan Bautista, Las Guevaras, Las Hernández, Villa Rosa, Bella Vista (Margarita), El Valle del Espíritu Santo. Municipalities[edit]

Isla de Margarita Isla de Cubagua Isla de Coche Macanao Peninsula Boca del Río MAR CARIBE Tubores Tubores Punta de Piedras Villalba San Pedro Díaz San Juan Bautista García El Valle Mariño Porlamar Maneiro Pampatar Arismendi LA ASUNCIÓN Marcano Juan Griego Santa Ana Gómez Santa Ana Gómez Paraguachí Antolín

Political Territorial Division of Nueva Esparta

Municipality Capital Surface Population Density (km²)

Antolín del Campo La Plaza de Paraguachí 72 km² 21.890 305,30

Arismendi La Asunción 52 km² 23.616 454,15

Díaz San Juan Bautista 166 km² 39.491 238,04

García El Valle del Espíritu Santo 85 km² 49.967 587,16

Gómez Santa Ana 96 km² 33.436 349,38

Maneiro Pampatar 35 km² 35.901 1.028,68

Marcano Juan Griego 40 km² 31.959 796,98

Mariño Porlamar 39 km² 85.942 2.203,64

Península de Macanao1) Boca del Río 331 km² 5.205 69,26

Tubores2) Punta de Piedras 180 km² 30.062 167,10

Villalba San Pedro de Coche 55 km² 80.238 218,33

Nueva Esparta La Asunción 1.150 km² 387.175 336,67

Population[edit] Race and ethnicity[edit] According to the 2011 Census, the racial composition of the population was:[1]

Racial composition Population %

Mestizo N/A 49.1

White 217,828 47.1

Black 11,562 2.5

Other race N/A 1.3

See also[edit]

States of Venezuela

References[edit]

^ "Resultado Básico del XIV Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda 2011 (Mayo 2014)" (PDF). Ine.gov.ve. p. 29. Retrieved 8 September 2015. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nueva Esparta.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Nueva Esparta.

State government page (archived)

v t e

Administrative divisions of Venezuela

Capital District

Caracas

States

Amazonas Anzoátegui Apure Aragua Barinas Bolívar Carabobo Cojedes Delta Amacuro Falcón Guárico Lara Mérida Miranda Monagas Nueva Esparta Portuguesa Sucre Táchira Trujillo Vargas Yaracuy Zulia

Dependencies

Los Monjes Archipelago Las Aves archipelago Isla Aves Los Hermanos Archipelago Islas Los Frailes Los Roques archipelago La Sola Island La Tortuga Island La Orchila Blanquilla Island Los Testigos Islands Isla de Patos

Regions

Andean Capital Central Central-Western Guayana Insular Llanos Eastern South-Western Zulian

Claimed

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