Nueces River (/njuˈeɪsɪs/ new-AY-siss) is a river in the U.S.
state of Texas, about 315 miles (507 km) long. It drains a
region in central and southern
Texas southeastward into the Gulf of
Mexico. It is the southernmost major river in
Texas northeast of the
Rio Grande. Nueces is Spanish for nuts; early settlers named the
river after the numerous pecan trees along its banks.
1 Location and flow
4 See also
6 External links
Location and flow
The Nueces rises northwest of
San Antonio in the Edwards Plateau, in
Real County, roughly 50 mi (80 km) north of Uvalde. It flows
south through the
Texas Hill Country, past Barksdale and Crystal City,
approaching to within 35 mi (56 km) of the
Rio Grande on the
border with Mexico. East of Carrizo Springs, it turns to the east,
flowing through the scrub plains of South Texas, across rural Dimmit,
La Salle, and McMullen Counties. In central Live Oak County, it is
joined from the northwest at Three Rivers by the Atascosa River and
Frio River, then flows southeast along the coastal plain past Mathis,
where it is impounded to form the
Lake Corpus Christi reservoir. It
Corpus Christi Bay
Corpus Christi Bay on the
Gulf of Mexico
Gulf of Mexico at Corpus Christi.
Called Chotilapacquen by Coahuiltecan-speaking groups, the river was
named "Nueces" by
Alonso de León referring to the abundant pecan tree
groves. One of the first settlers to scout the area was Cpt. Blas
María de la Garza Falcón in 1766. From before the end of the
Mexico recognized that the
Nueces River was
historically the border of
Texas from the rest of the country.
However, the Republic of
Texas claimed the
Rio Grande as its border
with Mexico, citing the
Treaty of Velasco
Treaty of Velasco signed by Mexican President
Santa Anna, who agreed to the
Rio Grande border after losing the
Battle of San Jacinto. This dispute continued after the annexation of
Texas, and was one of the causes of the Mexican–American War. The
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ended the dispute, with Mexico
recognizing, under pressure, the
Rio Grande as its northern border.
On August 10, 1862 pro-Union Germans from the
Texas Hill Country
trying to flee to
Mexico were ambushed and killed by
Confederates—the Nueces massacre.
The Nueces is one of several clear warm-water spring creeks in the
Hill Country of Texas. In its upper reaches, the water is clear and
Unlike spring trout creeks in the Rocky Mountains, the Nueces holds
largemouth bass, smallmouth bass, and the native Guadalupe bass, along
with a variety of panfish such as redbreast sunfish, rock bass, green
Rio Grande perch. The
American alligator is also abundant
in the Nueces River.
^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Nueces
^ "Nuez – traductor Ingles–Español". SpanishDict.com.
^ "Clotilde P. García". The
Texas State Historical Association.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nueces River.
Nueces River from the Handbook of
Nueces River Authority home page
Coordinates: 27°50′16″N 97°29′22″W / 27.83778°N
97.48944°W / 27.8377