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The Nueces River
Nueces River
(/njuˈeɪsɪs/ new-AY-siss) is a river in the U.S. state of Texas, about 315 miles (507 km) long.[1] It drains a region in central and southern Texas
Texas
southeastward into the Gulf of Mexico. It is the southernmost major river in Texas
Texas
northeast of the Rio Grande. Nueces is Spanish for nuts;[2] early settlers named the river after the numerous pecan trees along its banks.

Contents

1 Location and flow 2 History 3 Fishing 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

Location and flow[edit] The Nueces rises northwest of San Antonio
San Antonio
in the Edwards Plateau, in Real County, roughly 50 mi (80 km) north of Uvalde. It flows south through the Texas
Texas
Hill Country, past Barksdale and Crystal City, approaching to within 35 mi (56 km) of the Rio Grande
Rio Grande
on the border with Mexico. East of Carrizo Springs, it turns to the east, flowing through the scrub plains of South Texas, across rural Dimmit, La Salle, and McMullen Counties. In central Live Oak County, it is joined from the northwest at Three Rivers by the Atascosa River and Frio River, then flows southeast along the coastal plain past Mathis, where it is impounded to form the Lake Corpus Christi reservoir. It enters Corpus Christi Bay
Corpus Christi Bay
on the Gulf of Mexico
Gulf of Mexico
at Corpus Christi. History[edit] Called Chotilapacquen by Coahuiltecan-speaking groups, the river was named "Nueces" by Alonso de León referring to the abundant pecan tree groves. One of the first settlers to scout the area was Cpt. Blas María de la Garza Falcón in 1766.[3] From before the end of the Texas
Texas
Revolution, Mexico
Mexico
recognized that the Nueces River
Nueces River
was historically the border of Texas
Texas
from the rest of the country. However, the Republic of Texas
Texas
claimed the Rio Grande
Rio Grande
as its border with Mexico, citing the Treaty of Velasco
Treaty of Velasco
signed by Mexican President Santa Anna, who agreed to the Rio Grande
Rio Grande
border after losing the Battle of San Jacinto. This dispute continued after the annexation of Texas, and was one of the causes of the Mexican–American War. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
ended the dispute, with Mexico recognizing, under pressure, the Rio Grande
Rio Grande
as its northern border. On August 10, 1862 pro-Union Germans from the Texas
Texas
Hill Country trying to flee to Mexico
Mexico
were ambushed and killed by Confederates—the Nueces massacre. Fishing[edit] The Nueces is one of several clear warm-water spring creeks in the Hill Country of Texas. In its upper reaches, the water is clear and cool. Unlike spring trout creeks in the Rocky Mountains, the Nueces holds largemouth bass, smallmouth bass, and the native Guadalupe bass, along with a variety of panfish such as redbreast sunfish, rock bass, green sunfish, and Rio Grande
Rio Grande
perch. The American alligator
American alligator
is also abundant in the Nueces River. See also[edit]

List of Texas
Texas
rivers Fly Fishing

References[edit]

^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Nueces River ^ "Nuez – traductor Ingles–Español". SpanishDict.com.  ^ "Clotilde P. García". The Texas
Texas
State Historical Association. Retrieved 2007-06-24. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nueces River.

Nueces River
Nueces River
from the Handbook of Texas
Texas
Online Nueces River
Nueces River
Authority home page

Coordinates: 27°50′16″N 97°29′22″W / 27.83778°N 97.48944°W / 27.8377

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