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The Nuclear Threat Initiative
Nuclear Threat Initiative
(NTI) is a nonpartisan, nonprofit organization founded in 2001 by former U.S. Senator Sam Nunn
Sam Nunn
and philanthropist Ted Turner
Ted Turner
in the United States, which works to prevent catastrophic attacks and accidents with weapons of mass destruction and disruption – nuclear, biological, radiological, chemical, and cyber.[1]

Contents

1 Mission 2 History 3 Achievements 4 NTI's leadership 5 References 6 External links

Mission[edit] UN Security Council Resolution 1887 supported the WINS mission, calling for states to “share best practices with a view to improved safety standards and nuclear security practices and raise standards of nuclear security to reduce the risk of nuclear terrorism.”[2] NTI has been engaged in developing, shaping, and implementing nuclear security projects.[citation needed] In addition to building global awareness, NTI engages in model programs to inspire private and governmental efforts toward nuclear, biological, and chemical threat reduction.[citation needed] The Nuclear Threat Initiative
Nuclear Threat Initiative
serves as the Secretariat for the "Nuclear Security Project", in cooperation with the Hoover Institution.[citation needed][citation needed] Former Secretary of State George P. Shultz, former Secretary of Defense William J. Perry, former Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger
Henry A. Kissinger
and former Senator Sam Nunn guide the project—an effort to galvanize global action to reduce urgent nuclear dangers and build support for reducing reliance on nuclear weapons, ultimately ending them as a threat to the world.[citation needed] History[edit] In 2002, NTI provided the additional $5 million of private money needed (combined with $3 million from the US government) to safely move 48 kg of highly enriched uranium (enough for two nuclear weapons) from the defunct Vinča
Vinča
nuclear reactor near Belgrade
Belgrade
to a facility in the Russian Federation to be blended down for use as a conventional nuclear fuel.[citation needed] In 2008, NTI helped create the World Institute for Nuclear Security (WINS), in Vienna, as part of its focus to secure nuclear materials worldwide.[citation needed] Today, the organization has more than 3,800 members from 118 countries.[3] The Economist
The Economist
wrote, “WINS is a place where, for the first time, those with the practical responsibility for looking after nuclear materials—governments, power plant operators, laboratories, universities—can meet to swap ideas and develop best practices.”[4] In early 2018, NTI received a $6 million grant from the Open Philanthropy Project. The grant will be used to "help strengthen its efforts to mitigate global biological threats that have increased as the world has become more interconnected."[5] In January 2018 NTI announced that it had received $250,000 in support from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. That money will help advance NTI's efforts in developing a "Global Health Security Index". The index would analyze a country's biological programs and policies.[5] Achievements[edit] The organization produced the 2005 film, Last Best Chance, which aired on HBO, and the 2010 documentary film Nuclear Tipping Point: which President Obama screened at the White House
White House
in April 2010.[6][7][8] NTI catalyzed the development of an international low-enriched uranium bank to back up the marketplace and prevent the proliferation of nuclear technology by ensuring that countries will have access to the fuel needed for peaceful purposes.[citation needed] NTI advisor Warren Buffett provided $50 million to jump-start the reserve, which will be owned and managed by the International Atomic Energy Agency
International Atomic Energy Agency
and located in Kazakhstan.[citation needed] NTI produces a biennial "Nuclear Security Index" in partnership with the Economist Intelligence Unit.[citation needed] The "NTI Index" benchmarks nuclear security conditions across 176 countries and holds governments accountable for properly securing dangerous nuclear materials.[citation needed] According to NTI, The NTI Index, now[when?] in its 3rd edition, is the premiere resource for political leaders, government officials, experts, academics, and the news media worldwide on nuclear materials security.[9] NTI has developed and released recommendations on securing and eliminating radiological sources used and stored at thousands of sites across more than 100 countries.[citation needed] These sources can be used by terrorists to build radiological “dirty bombs” that would incite mass panic, deny access, require extensive and expensive decontamination and have serious economic consequences. Many of these sources, which are used in industry and health-care settings, have minimal or no physical protection—and technological advances have made it possible to replace many of these sources with safer, effective alternatives.[10] NTI has received international recognition for work to improve biosecurity, primarily through creating disease surveillance networks.[citation needed] Whether a biological threat is natural or intentional, disease surveillance is a key step in rapid detection and response. Because the response of a health system in one country could have a direct and immediate impact on a neighboring country, or even continent, NTI developed projects that foster cooperation among public health officials across political and geographic boundaries.[citation needed] In 2003, NTI created the Middle East Consortium for Infectious Disease Surveillance (MECIDS) with participation from Israel, Jordan, and the Palestinian Authority. Despite tensions in the region, MECIDS continues to share official health data and conduct infectious disease prevention training.[citation needed] NTI also created and nurtured Connecting Organizations for Disease Surveillance (CORDS), which in 2013 launched as independent NGO that links international disease surveillance networks, supported by the World Health Organization, and the Food and Agriculture Organization
Food and Agriculture Organization
of the United Nations.[citation needed] NTI's leadership[edit] Ernest J. Moniz has served as chief executive officer since June, 2017, and Joan Rohlfing serves as president.[citation needed] Co-chaired by Moniz, Nunn and Ted Turner, NTI is governed by an expert and influential Board of Directors with both current and emeritus members from the United States, Japan, India, Pakistan, China, Jordan, Sweden, France and the United Kingdom. They include:

Ambassador Hamad Alkaabi, Permanent Representative of the UAE to the IAEA and UAE Special
Special
Representative for International Nuclear Cooperation Dr. Alexey Arbatov, Head, Center for International Security at Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences Charles A. Bowsher, Former Comptroller General Of The United States And Head Of The General Accounting Office Gov. Edmund G. Brown, Jr., Governor of California Des Browne, Vice Chairman, NTI Liru Cui, Former President of China Institutes of Contemporary International Relations (CICIR) Charles B. Curtis, President Emeritus Ambassador Rolf Ekeus, Chairman of the Board, Stockholm International Peace Research Institute Gideon Frank, Former Director General of the Israel
Israel
Atomic Energy Commission Eugene Habiger
Eugene Habiger
General USAF (Ret.), former Commander in Chief of the United States
United States
Strategic Command (USSTRATCOM) HRH Prince El Hassan bin Talal
Prince El Hassan bin Talal
of Jordan, Emeritus Igor S. Ivanov, Former Minister of Foreign Affairs, Russia Riaz Mohammad Khan, Former Foreign Secretary of Pakistan Jeong H. Kim, Former President, Bell Labs Pierre Lellouche, Former Deputy of Paris, Former Minister of State for Foreign Trade, France Former U.S. Senator Richard G. Lugar
Richard G. Lugar
R-Indiana Ernest J. Moniz, co-chairman and chief executive officer, NTI Sam Nunn, co-chairman, NTI Ronald L. Olson, Partner, Los Angeles office of Munger, Tolles & Olson Paul S. Otellini, Former President and Chief Executive Officer, Intel Corporation Hisashi Owada, Judge, International Court of Justice Malcolm Rifkind, Former Member of Parliament for Kensington Joan Rohlfing, President and Chief Operating Officer of NTI Ellen O. Tauscher, Former Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security Affairs Ted Turner, Co-Chairman Professor Fujia Yang, Academician, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Advisors to the Board of Directors include[when?] leading figures in science, business and international security. Advisors to the Board include:

Warren Buffett, CEO of Berkshire Hathaway Inc. Dr. David A. Hamburg, President Emeritus of Carnegie Corporation of New York Siegfried S. Hecker, Director Emeritus of the Los Alamos National Laboratory David Heymann, Chair of the Health Protection Agency UK, Head of the Centre on Global Health Security at Chatham House, London and Professor of Infectious Disease Epidemiology at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. Frederick Iseman, Chairman and Managing Partner of Caxton-Iseman Capital Inc. George F. Russell Jr., Co-Chairman of the EastWest Institute
EastWest Institute
and founder of the Frank Russell Company

NTI's staff includes experts in international affairs, nonproliferation, security and military issues, public health, medicine and communications, who have operational experience in their areas of specialty.[citation needed] References[edit]

^ "Learn About NTI & Preventing Nuclear Dangers Nuclear Threat Initiative NTI". www.nti.org. Retrieved 2018-03-19.  ^ " United Nations
United Nations
Security Council Resolution 1887" (PDF). The United Nations. September 24, 2009. Retrieved 2011-06-09.  ^ "Wins Members - Members". wins.org.  ^ "Who wins, nukes". The Economist. October 2, 2008. Retrieved 2011-06-09.  ^ a b " Nuclear Threat Initiative
Nuclear Threat Initiative
to expand focus on global biosecurity risks with new grant". Homeland Preparedness News. 2018-01-25. Retrieved 2018-02-12.  ^ "Documentary Advances Nuclear Free Movement". NPR. Retrieved 2010-06-10.  ^ " White House
White House
Hosts Screening of Nuclear Tipping Point
Nuclear Tipping Point
NTI News White House
White House
Hosts Screening of Nuclear Tipping Point". www.nti.org. Retrieved 2016-07-18.  ^ Michael McIntee (2010-04-09), "The Nuclear Tipping Point" Screens At White House, retrieved 2016-07-18  ^ "NTI Nuclear Materials Security Index". Nuclear Threat Initiative. Retrieved 2016-07-18.  ^ "Radiological NTI". www.nti.org. Retrieved 2016-07-18. 

External links[edit]

Official website Mr. Buffett's Excellent Idea The New York Times
The New York Times
28 September 2006 Nuclear Security Project Last Best Chance Nuc

.