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Noyon, noyan, nayan was a title of authority in the Mongol Empire
Mongol Empire
and later periods. In modern Mongolic the word is used as a form of address similar to "Mister" or "Monsieur".

Tögs-Ochiryn Namnansüren, also called "Good Noyan
Noyan
Khan Namnansuren" in the Mongolian language

Initially, it was a term for a military commander in the army of Genghis Khan: the term "noyon" applied to commanders of tumens and mingghans, military units of 10,000 and 1,000 soldiers respectively. During conquests, noyons used to receive territories for administration and they effectively became aristocracy, into the 20th century. Noyans were above the ordinary Mongols
Mongols
in social rank but below the descendants of Genghis and his brothers. They were sometimes called emir or bey in the Ulus of Jochi, the Ilkhanate
Ilkhanate
and the Chagatai Khanate
Chagatai Khanate
while the Yuan records gave the equivalent as guanren, since their main task was waging warfare. Usually notable persons are referred to followed "Noyan", similarly to the usage of the title "Khan", e.g., Jebe Noyan, Chormaqan Noyan, Sali Noyan
Noyan
and Karik Noyan. After the Mongol Empire[edit] The Qing Dynasty, which ruled Mongolia
Mongolia
from 1694 to 1911, entrusted rule in Mongolia
Mongolia
to the descendants of Genghis Khan, who were also called noyon. The term noyon in this epoch acquired the connotation of nobleman, since Mongolia
Mongolia
was mostly at peace. After 1921 the word darga (boss) replaced the aristocratic noyon as the term for officials.[1] Many noyons were executed and/or arrested during the Great Purge in Mongolia. Notes[edit]

^ C.P.Atwood-Encyclopedia of Mongolia, p.412

See also[edit]

Mongol military tactics and organization

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Mongol Empire
(1206–1368)

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Titles

Khagan Khan Khatun Khanum Jinong Khong Tayiji Noyan Tarkhan

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Tolui
(regent) Ögedei Khan Töregene Khatun (regent) Güyük Khan Oghul Qaimish (regent) Möngke Khan Kublai Khan (Khagans of the Yuan)

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Öljei Temür Khan
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Esen Taishi
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Ligdan Khan
(1604–1634) Ejei Khan (1634–1635)

Titles Prominent politicians and generals

Khagan Khan Khatun Taishi Jinong Khong Tayiji Noyan Tarkhan Councellor Wang

Köke Temür Arugjtai Bahamu Toghan taishi Örüg Temür Khan Bek Arslan Unebolad wan

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