HOME
The Info List - Nova Gorica


--- Advertisement ---



Nova Gorica
Nova Gorica
(pronounced [ˈnɔ̀ːʋa ɡɔˈɾìːtsa] ( listen);[2] population: 13,852 (town); 21,082 (incl. suburbs); 31,000 (municipality))[3] is a town and a municipality in western Slovenia, on the border with Italy. Nova Gorica is a planned town, built according to the principles of modernist architecture after 1947, when the Paris Peace Treaty established a new border between Yugoslavia and Italy, leaving nearby Gorizia
Gorizia
outside the borders of Yugoslavia and thus cutting off the Soča
Soča
Valley, the Vipava Valley, the Gorizia
Gorizia
Hills and the northwestern Karst Plateau
Karst Plateau
from their traditional regional urban centre. Since 1948, Nova Gorica
Nova Gorica
has replaced Gorizia
Gorizia
as the principal urban centre of the Goriška
Goriška
or Gorizia
Gorizia
region, as the northern part of the Slovenian Littoral
Slovenian Littoral
has been traditionally called.[4] Since May 2011, Nova Gorica
Nova Gorica
has been joined together with Gorizia
Gorizia
and Šempeter-Vrtojba
Šempeter-Vrtojba
in a common trans-border metropolitan zone, administered by a joint administration board.[5]

Contents

1 Name 2 History 3 Culture and education 4 Kostanjevica Hill 5 Sveta Gora 6 Politics 7 Districts of the municipality 8 People

8.1 Arts and sciences 8.2 Politics and public service 8.3 Sports 8.4 Show business 8.5 Other

9 International relations

9.1 Twin towns — sister cities

10 See also 11 References 12 External links

Name[edit]

View of Nova Gorica
Nova Gorica
and Solkan

The name Nova Gorica
Nova Gorica
means 'new Gorizia'. However, the origin of the name Gorizia/Gorica itself is Slavic. The common local term for the town is Gorica (i.e., 'Gorizia'), while residents tend to refer to the neighboring Italian town as Stara Gorica 'old Gorizia'. This use is also reflected in Slovenian license plates (GO for Gorica), as well as in the name of the local association football club ND Gorica. The word gorica is a diminutive form of the Slovene common noun gora 'hill'. In archaic Slovene, it also meant 'vineyard'. It is a common toponym in Slovenia
Slovenia
and in other areas of Slovene settlement. History[edit] See also: Julian March In 1947, following World War II, Italy
Italy
signed a peace treaty with the Allies, including Socialist Yugoslavia. The treaty transferred most of the Slovene-inhabited areas of the Province of Gorizia
Gorizia
to Yugoslavia. The town of Gorizia
Gorizia
itself, however, remained under Italian rule. The new border cut the city off from its northern and eastern suburbs. Around 40% of the municipality's territory was transferred to Yugoslavia, including the suburbs of Solkan, Šempeter, Kromberk, Rožna Dolina, and Pristava. Together, these areas had a population of around 10,000 (almost exclusively Slovenes, with a tiny Friulian-speaking minority), or around one fifth of the municipality's population. However, they lacked a cohesive structure, and were poorly connected. In order to overcome this problem, the Communist authorities of the Socialist Republic of Slovenia
Slovenia
decided to build a new settlement that would connect these suburbs into a new urban space. The new town was called Nova Gorica
Nova Gorica
or "New Gorizia". The project had the personal backing of Marshal Tito, Yugoslavia's Communist leader. The project was commissioned to the Slovenian architect Edvard Ravnikar, a former pupil of Le Corbusier. The first projects were laid out in winter of 1947, and the construction began at the beginning of the following year.

1969 postcard of Nova Gorica

The city was formally established as an urban municipality in 1952, incorporating the older settlements of Solkan, Kromberk
Kromberk
and Rožna Dolina, which thus became, somewhat reluctantly, suburbs of Nova Gorica. The building of the town continued throughout the 1950s and 1960s, reaching the current extension by the mid 1980s. In the early 1990s, all of the aforementioned older suburbs acquired again the status of independent settlements. This was however a purely symbolic act that only affected the official statistics on population: because of this, Nova Gorica
Nova Gorica
dropped from the list of 10 largest towns in Slovenia. In nevertheless remains the second largest urban conglomeration in western Slovenia, after Koper. Culture and education[edit] Nova Gorica
Nova Gorica
hosts one of the three national theatres in Slovenia. The Museum of Goriška
Goriška
is also located in the town's Kromberk
Kromberk
district, hosted in the Kromberk
Kromberk
Castle. The University of Nova Gorica is located in the suburb of Rožna Dolina. The Nova Gorica
Nova Gorica
Grammar School, located in the city centre, is one of the most renowned high schools in Slovenia. Kostanjevica Hill[edit] See also: Kostanjevica Monastery To the south of the town stands Kostanjevica Hill, home to the Church of the Annunciation
Annunciation
of Our Lady and a 17th-century Franciscan monastery with rich treasures from the past.[6] The last members of the Bourbons, the French royal family, are buried in a crypt beneath the church (Charles X himself, and members of his family and entourage including his son Louis-Antoine de France, and his grandson Henri d'Artois, nephew of Louis (neither Louis-Antoine nor Henri ever reigned as kings)). He fled France following the revolution in 1830, finding refuge in Gorizia, and eventually eternal peace. Also buried there is Pierre Louis Jean Casimir, a Bourbon nobleman who also died in exile (in 1839).[7]

Nova Gorica
Nova Gorica
viewed from Sveta Gora.

Sveta Gora[edit] Opposite Kostanjevica Hill, north of the town is Sveta Gora
Sveta Gora
(Holy Mountain), a peak of 682 m that has attracted pilgrims for 450 years. The view from there is exceptional, and on a clear day visitors can see as far as Istria, Venice, the Dolomites, and the Kamnik and Julian Alps. The mountain top is home to a magnificent basilica, where concerts are occasionally held, a Franciscan
Franciscan
monastery, and a museum of the Battles of the Isonzo. Politics[edit] The municipality of Nova Gorica
Nova Gorica
is governed by a mayor, elected every 4 years by popular vote, and a City Council of 32 members. Both in local and national elections, Nova Gorica
Nova Gorica
has been considered an electoral stronghold of the left, in particular of the Social Democrats. Between the early 1990s and the mid-2000s, the two major political parties in the town were the Social Democrats and the Liberal Democracy of Slovenia, both considered as center-left parties. Since 1994, these two parties have been alternating in power on the local level, running candidates against each other and forming coalitions with smaller, center right parties in order to gain absolute majority in the City Council. In the national elections, conservative parties (especially the Slovenian Democratic Party) tend to receive better results than in local elections, although remaining behind the left wing forces. The Nova Gorica
Nova Gorica
electoral district is the home district of Borut Pahor, former Prime Minister and current President of Slovenia; it was also the only district in the country where the Social Democrats won the plurality of votes in the 2011 elections.

Districts of the municipality[edit] The municipality of Nova Gorica
Nova Gorica
is divided into 44 settlements (naselja):

Ajševica
Ajševica
(German: Aisowitz im Rosenthal, Italian: Aisovizza) Banjšice
Banjšice
(German: Wannschitz, Italian: Santo Spirito della Bainsizza) Bate (German: Sankt Lorenzkirchen, Italian: Battaglia della Bainsizza) Branik
Branik
(German: Reifenberg, Italian: Rifembergo) Brdo (German: Warde, Italian: Berdo) Budihni
Budihni
(German: Bidichen) Čepovan
Čepovan
(German: Zepowein, Italian: Chiapovano) Dornberk
Dornberk
(German: Dornberg, Italian: Montespino) Draga (German: Drack) Dragovica (German: Dragowitz) Gradišče nad Prvačino
Gradišče nad Prvačino
(German: Dietenhof, Italian: Gradiscutta) Grgar
Grgar
(German: Gregor, Italian: Gargaro) Grgarske Ravne
Grgarske Ravne
(German: Raunach, Italian: Raune) Kromberk
Kromberk
(German: Kronberg, Italian: Moncorona) Lazna
Lazna
(German: Lastenau im Kaltenthal, Italian: Lasna Valfredda) Loke (German: Kornhalle, Italian: Locca) Lokovec
Lokovec
(German: Lockawitz, Italian: Locavizza) Lokve (German: Wüstenau, Italian: Loqua) Nemci (German: Deutschendorf, Italian: Casali Nenzi) Nova Gorica
Nova Gorica
(German: Neu-Görz, Italian: Nuova Gorizia) Osek (German: Ossek, Italian: Ossecca) Ozeljan
Ozeljan
(German: Oslach, Italian: Ossegliano)

Podgozd (German: Unterwald, Italian: Sottobosco) Potok pri Dornberku
Potok pri Dornberku
(German: Bachloch, Italian: Potocce di Montespino) Preserje (nad Branikom) (German: Pressriach, Italian: Pressérie di Rifembergo) Pristava (German: Meyerhof, Italian: Prestava) Prvačina
Prvačina
(German: Präbendlach, Italian: Prevacina) Ravnica (German: Raunitz, Italian: Raunizza) Rožna Dolina
Rožna Dolina
(German: Rosenthal, Italian: Valdirose) Saksid
Saksid
(German: Sachset, Italian: Sasseto) Solkan
Solkan
(German: Sollingen, Italian: Salcano) Spodnja Branica
Spodnja Branica
(German: Unter Bärnawitz, Italian: Branizza) Stara Gora (German: Altenberg, Italian: Montevecchio) Steske
Steske
(German: Rauchenstein) Sveta Gora
Sveta Gora
(German: Heiligenberg, Italian: Monte Santo) Šempas
Šempas
(German: Schönpass, Italian: Sambasso) Šmaver (German: Sankt Mauer, Italian: San Mauro) Šmihel (German: Sankt Michael bei der Liach, Italian: San Michele) Tabor (nad Dornberkom) (German: Taborberg, Italian: Tabor di Montespino) Trnovo (German: Ternau im Königswald, Italian: Tarnova) Vitovlje (German: Wittenburg, Italian: Vittùglia) Voglarji
Voglarji
(German: Voglersdorf, Italian: Carbonari) Zalošče
Zalošče
(German: Salosche, Italian: Salozze)

People[edit] Arts and sciences[edit]

France Bevk, writer (lived in Rožna Dolina) Diego de Brea, theatre director Dean Komel, philosopher Branko Marušič, historian Maja Novak, writer Dušan Pirjevec
Dušan Pirjevec
Ahac, philosopher and literary critic (born in Solkan, now part of Nova Gorica) Katja Perat, poet and essayist Uroš Seljak, physicist, cosmologist Mitja Velikonja, sociologist Erika Vouk, poet Danilo Zavrtanik, physicist and academic scholar

Politics and public service[edit]

Zvonko Fišer, current State General Prosecutor of Slovenia Tomaž Marušič, politician, former Minister of Justice of Slovenia (1998-2000) Vlasta Nussdorfer, child psychologist, current Slovenian Ombudsmann Borut Pahor, politician, current President of Slovenia Senko Pličanič, lawyer and politician, current Minister of Justice of Slovenia Majda Širca, film critic and politician, Minister of Culture of Slovenia
Slovenia
(2008-2011) Patricija Šulin, politician, Member of the European Parliament Samuel Žbogar, politician and diplomat, former Minister of Foreign Affairs of Slovenia

Sports[edit]

Jernej Abramič, slalom canoer Jure Franko, ski champion Kris Jogan, football player Aleš Kokot, football player Uroš Kodelja, slalom canoer Iztok Mlakar, singer-songwriter Jan Močnik, basketball player Matej Mugerli, road bicycle player Jani Šturm, football player Rudi Valenčič, cyclist (born in Pristava, then part of Gorizia) Eva Mori, volleyball player

Show business[edit]

Igor Vidmar, rock musician and journalist Iztok Mlakar, singer and actor Aljoša Buha, rock musician

Other[edit]

Jana Krivec, chess woman grandmaster Vojteh Ravnikar, architect David Tasić, journalist, political prisoner (JBTZ trial), and publisher

Solkan
Solkan
Bridge over the Soča
Soča
River.

International relations[edit] Twin towns — sister cities[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Slovenia Nova Gorica
Nova Gorica
is twinned with:

Aleksandrovac, Serbia Klagenfurt, Austria Otočac, Croatia San Vendemiano, Italy Oghuz, Azerbaijan

See also[edit]

University of Nova Gorica Evropski trg

References[edit]

^ "Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia
Slovenia
- Census 2002". Retrieved 12 August 2016.  ^ "Slovenski pravopis 2001: Nova Gorica".  ^ Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia ^ d.o.o., Arctur. "Mestna občina Nova Gorica". Retrieved 12 August 2016.  ^ "Patto Gorizia-Nova Gorica, c'è la firma - Cronaca - Il Piccolo". 12 May 2011. Retrieved 12 August 2016.  ^ "Frančiškanski samostan Kostanjevica in Nova Gorica". Retrieved 12 August 2016.  ^ "Kostanjevica monastery - Cultural and Historical Heritage - Slovenia
Slovenia
- Official Travel Guide -". Retrieved 12 August 2016. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nova Gorica.

Official Website Tourist Information Center University of Nova Gorica

v t e

City Municipality of Nova Gorica

Settlements:

Administrative centre: Nova Gorica

Current

Ajševica Banjšice Bate Branik Brdo Budihni Čepovan Dornberk Draga Dragovica Gradišče nad Prvačino Grgar Grgarske Ravne Kromberk Lazna Loke Lokovec Lokve Nemci Osek Ozeljan Pedrovo Podgozd Potok pri Dornberku Preserje Pristava Prvačina Ravnica Rožna Dolina Saksid Šempas Šmaver Šmihel Solkan Spodnja Branica Stara Gora Steske Sveta Gora Tabor Trnovo Vitovlje Voglarji Zalošče

Former

Dol pri Čepovanu Gorica Gornji Lokovec Puštale Sveto Visoko Vrata

Landmarks

Branik
Branik
Castle Europe Square Kostanjevica Monastery Kromberk
Kromberk
Castle Nova Gorica
Nova Gorica
railway station Nova Gorica
Nova Gorica
Sports Park Soča
Soča
River Solkan
Solkan
Bridge Vipava Valley

Culture and education

Nova Gorica
Nova Gorica
Grammar School University of Nova Gorica

Notable people

Nevin Birsa Valter Birsa Matej Bor Jure Franko Ivo Hvalica Klement Jug Boris Kalin Zdenko Kalin Vasja Klavora Danilo Kovačič Janko Kralj Branko Marušič Tomaž Marušič Iztok Mlakar Dušan Pirjevec
Dušan Pirjevec
Ahac Marko Anton Plenčič Vojteh Ravnikar Gianni Rijavec Leon Rupnik Igor Simčič Mojca Širok Stanislav Škrabec Josip Srebrnič Jože Srebrnič Boštjan Vuga Danilo Zavrtanik Vasilij Žbogar

v t e

Municipalities of Slovenia

City municipalities

Celje Koper Kranj Ljubljana Maribor Murska Sobota Nova Gorica Novo Mesto Ptuj Slovenj Gradec Velenje

Non-city municipalities

Ajdovščina Ankaran Apače Beltinci Benedikt Bistrica ob Sotli Bled Bloke Bohinj Borovnica Bovec Braslovče Brda Brežice Brezovica Cankova Cerklje na Gorenjskem Cerknica Cerkno Cerkvenjak Cirkulane Črenšovci Črna na Koroškem Črnomelj Destrnik Divača Dobje Dobrepolje Dobrna Dobrova–Polhov Gradec Dobrovnik Dol pri Ljubljani Dolenjske Toplice Domžale Dornava Dravograd Duplek Gorenja Vas–Poljane Gorišnica Gorje Gornja Radgona Gornji Grad Gornji Petrovci Grad Grosuplje Hajdina Hoče–Slivnica Hodoš Horjul Hrastnik Hrpelje-Kozina Idrija Ig Ilirska Bistrica Ivančna Gorica Izola Jesenice Jezersko Juršinci Kamnik Kanal ob Soči Kidričevo Kobarid Kobilje Kočevje Komen Komenda Kostanjevica na Krki Kostel Kozje Kranjska Gora Križevci Krško Kungota Kuzma Laško Lenart Lendava Litija Ljubno Ljutomer Log-Dragomer Logatec Loška Dolina Loški Potok Lovrenc na Pohorju Luče Lukovica Majšperk Makole Markovci Medvode Mengeš Metlika Mežica Miklavž na Dravskem Polju Miren-Kostanjevica Mirna Mirna Peč Mislinja Mokronog-Trebelno Moravče Moravske Toplice Mozirje Muta Naklo Nazarje Odranci Oplotnica Ormož Osilnica Pesnica Piran Pivka Podčetrtek Podlehnik Podvelka Poljčane Polzela Postojna Prebold Preddvor Prevalje Puconci Rače–Fram Radeče Radenci Radlje ob Dravi Radovljica Ravne na Koroškem Razkrižje Rečica ob Savinji Renče–Vogrsko Ribnica Ribnica na Pohorju Rogaška Slatina Rogašovci Rogatec Ruše Šalovci Selnica ob Dravi Semič Šempeter-Vrtojba Šenčur Šentilj Šentjernej Šentjur Šentrupert Sevnica Sežana Škocjan Škofja Loka Škofljica Slovenska Bistrica Slovenske Konjice Šmarje pri Jelšah Šmarješke Toplice Šmartno pri Litiji Šmartno ob Paki Sodražica Solčava Šoštanj Središče ob Dravi Starše Štore Straža Sveta Ana Sveta Trojica v Slovenskih Goricah Sveti Andraž v Slovenskih Goricah Sveti Jurij ob Ščavnici Sveti Jurij v Slovenskih Goricah Sveti Tomaž Tabor Tišina Tolmin Trbovlje Trebnje Trnovska Vas Tržič Trzin Turnišče Velika Polana Velike Lašče Veržej Videm Vipava Vitanje Vodice Vojnik Vransko Vrhnika Vuzenica Zagorje ob Savi Žalec Zavrč Železniki Žetale Žiri Žirovnica Zreče Žužemberk

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 140723757 LCCN: n81005

.