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Coordinates: 53°10′N 1°00′W / 53.167°N 1.000°W / 53.167; -1.000

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Nottinghamshire

County

Flag

Motto: Sapienter proficiens (Progress with wisdom)

Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
in England

Sovereign state United Kingdom

Country England

Region East Midlands

Established Historic

Ceremonial county

Lord Lieutenant Sir John Peace

High Sheriff Col David R Sneath

Area 2,160 km2 (830 sq mi)

 • Ranked 27th of 48

Population (mid-2016 est.) 1,136,000

 • Ranked 15th of 48

Density 526/km2 (1,360/sq mi)

Ethnicity 94.1% White British/Irish/Other 2.5% South Asian 1.5% Afro-Caribbean

Non-metropolitan county

County council Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
County Council

Executive Labour

Admin HQ West Bridgford

Area 2,085 km2 (805 sq mi)

 • Ranked 24th of 27

Population 810,700

 • Ranked 10th of 27

Density 388/km2 (1,000/sq mi)

ISO 3166-2 GB-NTT

ONS code 37

NUTS UKF15/16

Website www.nottinghamshire.gov.uk

Districts of Nottinghamshire

Districts

Rushcliffe Broxtowe Ashfield Gedling Newark and Sherwood Mansfield Bassetlaw City of Nottingham
Nottingham
(Unitary)

Members of Parliament

Alex Norris
Alex Norris
(L) Kenneth Clarke
Kenneth Clarke
(C) Vernon Coaker
Vernon Coaker
(L) Gloria De Piero
Gloria De Piero
(L) Lillian Greenwood
Lillian Greenwood
(L) Chris Leslie (L) John Mann (L) Ben Bradley (C) Robert Jenrick
Robert Jenrick
(C) Anna Soubry
Anna Soubry
(C) Mark Spencer (C)

Police Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
Police

Time zone Greenwich Mean Time
Greenwich Mean Time
(UTC)

 • Summer (DST) British Summer Time
British Summer Time
(UTC+1)

Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
(pronounced /ˈnɒtɪŋəmʃər/ or /-ʃɪər/;[1] abbreviated Notts) is a county in the East Midlands
East Midlands
region of England, bordering South Yorkshire
South Yorkshire
to the north-west, Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
to the east, Leicestershire
Leicestershire
to the south, and Derbyshire
Derbyshire
to the west. The traditional county town is Nottingham, though the county council is based in West Bridgford
West Bridgford
in the borough of Rushcliffe, at a site facing Nottingham
Nottingham
over the River Trent. The districts of Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
are Ashfield, Bassetlaw, Broxtowe, Gedling, Mansfield, Newark and Sherwood, and Rushcliffe. The City of Nottingham
Nottingham
was administratively part of Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
between 1974 and 1988, but is now a unitary authority,[1] remaining part of Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
for ceremonial purposes. In 2017, the county was estimated to have a population of 785,800. Over half of the population of the county live in the Greater Nottingham
Nottingham
conurbation (which continues into Derbyshire).[2] The conurbation has a population of about 650,000, though less than half live within the city boundaries.[citation needed]

Contents

1 History 2 Physical geography

2.1 Green belt

3 Politics

3.1 Westminster Parliamentary 3.2 Political control

4 Economy and industry 5 Education

5.1 Secondary education 5.2 Higher education

6 Culture 7 Settlements and communications 8 Places of interest 9 See also 10 References 11 External links

History[edit] Main article: History of Nottinghamshire Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
lies on the Roman Fosse Way, and there are Roman settlements in the county; for example at Mansfield, and forts such as at the Broxtowe
Broxtowe
Estate in Bilborough. The county was settled by Angles around the 5th century, and became part of the Kingdom, and later Earldom, of Mercia. However, there is evidence of Saxon settlement at the Broxtowe
Broxtowe
Estate, Oxton, near Nottingham, and Tuxford, east of Sherwood Forest. The name first occurs in 1016, but until 1568, the county was administratively united with Derbyshire, under a single Sheriff. In Norman times, the county developed malting and woollen industries. During the industrial revolution, the county held much needed minerals such as coal and iron ore, and had constructed some of the first experimental waggonways in the world; an example of this is the Wollaton
Wollaton
wagonway of 1603-1616, which transported minerals from bell pitt mining areas at Strelley
Strelley
and Bilborough, this led to canals and railways being constructed in the county, and the lace and cotton industries grew. In the 18th and 19th centuries, mechanised deeper collieries opened, and mining became an important economic sector, though these declined after the 1984–85 miners' strike. Until 1610, Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
was divided into eight Wapentakes. Sometime between 1610 and 1719, they were reduced to six – Newark, Bassetlaw, Thurgarton, Rushcliffe, Broxtowe, and Bingham, some of these names still being used for the modern districts. Oswaldbeck was absorbed in Bassetlaw, of which it forms the North Clay
Clay
division, and Lythe in Thurgarton. Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
is famous for its involvement with the legend of Robin Hood. This is also the reason for the numbers of tourists who visit places like Sherwood Forest, City of Nottingham, and the surrounding villages in Sherwood Forest. To reinforce the Robin Hood
Robin Hood
connection, the University of Nottingham
Nottingham
in 2010 has begun the Nottingham
Nottingham
Caves Survey, with the goal "to increase the tourist potential of these sites". The project "will use a 3D laser scanner to produce a three dimensional record of more than 450 sandstone caves around Nottingham".[3] Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
was mapped first by Christopher Saxton
Christopher Saxton
in 1576; the first fully surveyed map of the county was by John Chapman, who produced Chapman's Map of Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
in 1774.[4] The map was the earliest printed map at a sufficiently useful scale (one statute mile to one inch) to provide basic information on village layout, and the existence of landscape features such as roads, milestones, tollbars, parkland, and mills. Physical geography[edit]

[Full screen]

Interactive map of Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
and city/districts

Nottinghamshire, like Derbyshire, and South Yorkshire, sits on extensive coal measures, up to 900 metres (3,000 feet) thick, and occurring largely in the north of the county. There is an oilfield near Eakring. These are overlaid by sandstones and limestones in the west, and clay in the east.[5] The north of the county is part of the Humberhead Levels
Humberhead Levels
lacustrine plain. The centre and south west of the county, around Sherwood Forest, features undulating hills with ancient oak woodland. Principal rivers are the Trent, Idle, Erewash, and Soar. The Trent, fed by the Soar, Erewash, and Idle, composed of many streams from Sherwood Forest, run through wide and flat valleys, merging at Misterton. A point just north of Newtonwood Lane, on the boundary with Derbyshire
Derbyshire
is the highest point in Nottinghamshire; at 205 metres (673 feet),[6] while Silverhill, a spoil heap left by the former Silverhill colliery, a man-made point often cited as the highest, reaches 204 metres (669 feet). The lowest is Peat Carr, east of Blaxton, at sea level; the Trent is tidal below Cromwell Lock.[7] Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
is sheltered by the Pennines
Pennines
to the west, so receives relatively low rainfall at 641 to 740 millimetres (25 to 29 inches) annually.[8] The average temperature of the county is 8.8–10.1 degrees Celsius
Celsius
(48–50 degrees Fahrenheit).[9] The county receives between 1321 and 1470 hours of sunshine per year.[10] Green belt[edit] Main article: Nottingham
Nottingham
and Derby Green Belt Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
contains one green belt area, first drawn up from the 1950s. Completely encircling the Nottingham
Nottingham
conurbation, it stretches for several miles into the surrounding districts, and extends into Derbyshire. Politics[edit] See also: Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
local elections Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
is represented by eleven (11) members of parliament (MP); of which six are members of the Labour Party, and five are Conservatives. Kenneth Clarke
Kenneth Clarke
of Rushcliffe
Rushcliffe
is a former Conservative Chancellor of the Exchequer
Chancellor of the Exchequer
and Lord High Chancellor. Following the 2017 County Council elections, the County Council is controlled by a coalition of Conservatives and Mansfield
Mansfield
Independent Forum, having taken control from the Labour administration. The seats held are 31 Conservatives, 23 Labour, 11 Independents, 1 Liberal Democrat. In the previous 2013 election, the County Council was Labour controlled, a gain from the Conservatives. Local government is devolved to seven local borough and district councils. Ashfield, Bassetlaw, Gedling, and Mansfield
Mansfield
are Labour controlled; while Broxtowe, Newark and Sherwood, and Rushcliffe
Rushcliffe
are Conservative controlled. Westminster Parliamentary[edit]

General Election 2017: Nottinghamshire

Labour Conservative Liberal Democrats UKIP Green others turnout

265,073 +59,165 242,451 +52,410 16,018 -7,337 15,922 −61,126 5,718 -13,217 6,900 +5,017 552,082 +35,382

overall number of seats in 2017

Labour Conservative Liberal Democrats UKIP Green others

6 5 0 0 0 0

Political control[edit] Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
is a non-metropolitan county, governed by Nottinghamshire County Council
Nottinghamshire County Council
and seven non-metropolitan district councils. Elections to the county council take place every four years, with the first election taking place in 1973. Following each election, the county council has been controlled by the following parties:[11]

year party details

1973 Labour details

1977 Conservative details

1981 Labour details

1985 Labour details

1989 Labour details

1993 Labour details

1997 Labour details

2001 Labour details

2005 Labour details

2009 Conservative details

2013 Labour details

2017 no overall control details

Economy and industry[edit] The regional economy was traditionally based on industries such as coal mining in the Leen Valley, and manufacturing. Since the invention of the knitting frame by local William Lee, the county, in particular Nottingham, became synonymous with the lace industry.[12] In 1998, Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
had a gross domestic product (GDP) per-capita of £12,000, and a total GDP of £12,023 million. This is compared to a per-capita GDP of £11,848 for the East Midlands, £12,845 for England, and £12,548 for the United Kingdom. Nottingham
Nottingham
has a GDP per-capita of £17,373, North Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
£10,176, and South Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
£8,448.[13] In October 2005, the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
had 4.7% unemployment, the East Midlands
East Midlands
4.4%, and the Nottingham
Nottingham
commuter belt area 2.4%.[14] Education[edit] See also: List of schools in Nottinghamshire

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Secondary education[edit] The county has comprehensive secondary education with 47 state secondary schools, as well as 10 independent schools. The City of Nottingham
Nottingham
local education authority (LEA) has 18 state schools and 6 independent schools, not including sixth form colleges. 9,700 pupils took GCSEs in the Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
LEA in 2007. The best results were from the West Bridgford
West Bridgford
School, closely followed by Rushcliffe
Rushcliffe
Comprehensive School and the Minster School in Southwell. The lowest performing school was the Queen Elizabeth's Endowed School in Mansfield. In Nottingham, the best results came from the Trinity Catholic School and the Fernwood School in Wollaton. At A-level, the highest performing institution was The Becket School, followed by the West Bridgford
West Bridgford
School. Some of the county's best results tend to come from Nottingham
Nottingham
High School, closely followed by the all-female Nottingham
Nottingham
High School for Girls, both of which are privately run. Higher education[edit] The University of Nottingham
Nottingham
is a Russell Group
Russell Group
university and well-renowned, offering one of the broadest selections of courses in the UK. Nottingham
Nottingham
Trent University is one of the most successful post-1992 universities in the UK. Both universities combine to make Nottingham
Nottingham
one of England's largest student cities. Nottingham
Nottingham
Trent University also has an agricultural college near Southwell, while the University of Nottingham
Nottingham
has one at Sutton Bonington.

National and County cricket player Harold Larwood

Culture[edit] Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
contains the ancestral home of the poet Lord Byron, Newstead Abbey, which he sold in 1818. It is now owned by Nottingham City Council, and is open to the public. The acclaimed author D. H. Lawrence was from Eastwood in Nottinghamshire. Toton
Toton
was the birthplace and home of English folk singer-songwriter Anne Briggs, well known for her song Black Waterside. The north of the county is also noteworthy for its connections with the Pilgrim Fathers. William Brewster, for example, came from the village of Scrooby, and was influenced by Richard Clyfton, who preached at Babworth. Nottinghamshire County Cricket Club
Nottinghamshire County Cricket Club
(NCCC) are a first class county cricket club who play at Trent Bridge
Trent Bridge
in West Bridgford. They won the County Championship
County Championship
in 2010. The most successful football team within Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
is Nottingham
Nottingham
Forest, a Championship club that won the 1978 English championship, and followed it up with winning the 1979 and 1980 European Cup titles. Notts County, currently in League Two, and Mansfield
Mansfield
Town, also a League Two side are other professional teams from the area. Other notable sporting teams are the Nottingham Rugby Football Club, and the Nottingham
Nottingham
Panthers Ice Hockey Club. Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
has international twinning arrangements with the province of Wielkopolska (Greater Poland) in western Poland, and with the province's capital city, Poznań.[15] Settlements and communications[edit]

The council house and a tram in Nottingham
Nottingham
market square

See also: List of places in Nottinghamshire and List of settlements in Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
by population

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The traditional county town, and the largest settlement in the historic and ceremonial county boundaries, is the City of Nottingham. The City is now administratively independent, but suburbs including Arnold, Carlton, West Bridgford, Beeston, and Stapleford are still within the administrative county, and West Bridgford
West Bridgford
is now home of the county council. There are several market towns in the county. Newark-on-Trent
Newark-on-Trent
is a bridging point of the Fosse Way
Fosse Way
and River Trent, but is actually an Anglo-Saxon market town with a now ruined castle. Mansfield, the second-largest settlement in the county, sits on the site of a Roman settlement, but grew after the Norman Conquest. Worksop, in the north of the county, is also an Anglo-Saxon market town which grew rapidly in the industrial revolution, with the arrival of canals and railways and the discovery of coal. Other market towns include Arnold, Bingham, Hucknall, Kirkby-in-Ashfield, and Retford. The main railway in the county is the Midland Main Line, which links London to Sheffield
Sheffield
via Nottingham. The Robin Hood
Robin Hood
Line between Nottingham
Nottingham
and Worksop
Worksop
serves several villages in the county. The East Coast Main Line from London to Doncaster, Leeds, York, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, and Scotland
Scotland
serves the eastern Nottinghamshire towns of Newark and Retford. The M1 motorway
M1 motorway
runs through the county, connecting Nottingham
Nottingham
to London, Leeds, and Leicester by road. The A1 road follows for the most part the path of the Great North Road, although in places it diverges from the historic route where towns have been bypassed. Retford
Retford
was by-passed in 1961, and Newark-on-Trent
Newark-on-Trent
was by-passed in 1964, and the A1 now runs between Retford
Retford
and Worksop
Worksop
past the village of Ranby. Many historic coaching inns can still be seen along the traditional route. East Midlands
East Midlands
Airport is just outside the county in Leicestershire, while Doncaster
Doncaster
Sheffield
Sheffield
Airport lies within the historic boundaries of Nottinghamshire. These airports serve the county and several of its neighbours. Together, the airports have services to most major European destinations, and East Midlands
East Midlands
Airport now also has services to North America
North America
and the Caribbean. As well as local bus services throughout the county, Nottingham
Nottingham
and its suburbs have a tram system, Nottingham
Nottingham
Express Transit. Places of interest[edit]

Attenborough Nature Reserve Clumber Park Creswell Crags The Harley Gallery Hawton
Hawton
Church Newstead Abbey Nottingham
Nottingham
Castle Rufford Country Park Rushcliffe
Rushcliffe
Country Park Sherwood Forest Sherwood Observatory Southwell Minster Welbeck Abbey Wollaton
Wollaton
Hall Wollaton
Wollaton
Park Ye Olde Trip To Jerusalem

See also[edit]

East Midlands
East Midlands
England
England
portal

Lord Lieutenant of Nottinghamshire High Sheriff of Nottinghamshire Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
Police Nottinghamshire Police
Nottinghamshire Police
and Crime Commissioner

References[edit]

^ a b "Definition of 'Nottinghamshire' – British English pronunciation". www.CollinsDictionary.com. Collins English Dictionary. Retrieved 23 December 2017.  ^ "Council chief bans use of 'Greater Nottingham' for 'Core City Area'". Telegraph.co.uk. Telegraph Media Group Limited. 23 June 2010. Retrieved 25 September 2010.  ^ "Laser to scan Robin Hood's prison under Nottingham
Nottingham
city". news.BBC.co.uk. BBC
BBC
News. 20 April 2010. Retrieved 25 September 2010.  ^ Chapman's Map of Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
1774. Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
County Council ISBN 0-902751-46-8. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica, 1911. "Nottinghamshire, Geology" Archived 4 September 2005 at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved 11 December 2005. ^ Barnard, John (8 February 2011). "Survey of highest point Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
(final)". www.Hill-Bagging.co.uk. Database of British and Irish Hills. Retrieved 20 March 2012.  ^ Haran, Brady. "Experiencing the Highs and Lows". news.BBC.co.uk. BBC News. Retrieved 28 September 2015.  ^ "Annual average rainfall for the United Kingdom". www.MetOffice.com. Met Office. 2000. Archived from the original on 4 March 2010.  ^ "Annual average temperature for the United Kingdom". www.MetOffice.com. Met Office. 2000. Archived from the original on 4 March 2010.  ^ "Annual average sunshine for the United Kingdom". www.MetOffice.com. Met Office. 2000. Archived from the original on 4 March 2010.  ^ " Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
local elections". news.BBC.co.uk. BBC News
BBC News
Online. 19 April 2009. Retrieved 25 September 2009.  ^ Sheila A. Mason, BA (Hons), FRSA (2004). "Legacies – Nottingham – Black lead and bleaching – the Nottingham
Nottingham
lace industry". www.BBC.co.uk. BBC. Retrieved 23 December 2017. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ^ "Regional Trends 26, chapter 14.7" (PDF). www.Statistics.gov.uk. Office for National Statistics. 2001. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 December 2003. Retrieved 24 December 2005.  ^ "Labour market statistics for October 2005". www.EastMidlandsObservatory.org.uk. East Midlands
East Midlands
Observatory. 2005. Archived from the original on 12 March 2016. Retrieved 24 December 2005.  ^ "Transnational partnerships". www.Nottinghamshire.gov.uk. Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
County Council. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nottinghamshire.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Nottinghamshire.

Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
Heritage Gateway — essays on local history by experts; covers places, people, themes and events. Visit Nottinghamshire Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
County Council

Neighbouring counties

South Yorkshire South Yorkshire, Lincolnshire Lincolnshire

Derbyshire

Nottinghamshire

Lincolnshire

Derbyshire Leicestershire Leicestershire Leicestershire

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1974–1996 ←   Ceremonial counties of England   → current

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v t e

Ceremonial county of Nottinghamshire

Unitary authorities

Nottingham

Boroughs or districts

Ashfield Bassetlaw Broxtowe Gedling Mansfield Newark and Sherwood Rushcliffe

Major settlements

Arnold Beeston Bingham Bircotes Bulwell Cotgrave Eastwood Harworth Hucknall Kimberley Kirkby-in-Ashfield Mansfield Netherfield Newark-on-Trent Nottingham Ollerton Retford Stapleford Southwell Sutton-in-Ashfield West Bridgford Worksop See also: List of civil parishes in Nottinghamshire

Topics

Flag Parliamentary constituencies Places ( · by Population) SSSIs Places of interest Country houses Grade I listed buildings Grade II* listed buildings History Schools Museums Lord Lieutenants High Sheriffs

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 146572925 LCCN: n79129

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