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Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
County Council http://www.nottscc.gov.uk/

EXECUTIVE Labour

ADMIN HQ West Bridgford

AREA 2,085 km2 (805 sq mi)

• RANKED 24th of 27

POPULATION 810,700

• RANKED 10th of 27

DENSITY 388/km2 (1,000/sq mi)

ISO 3166-2 GB-NTT

ONS CODE 37

NUTS UKF15/16

Districts of Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire

DISTRICTS

* Rushcliffe * Broxtowe * Ashfield * Gedling * Newark and Sherwood * Mansfield
Mansfield
* Bassetlaw
Bassetlaw
* City of Nottingham
Nottingham
(Unitary)

MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT

* Alex Norris (L) * Kenneth Clarke (C) * Vernon Coaker (L) * Gloria De Piero (L) * Lillian Greenwood (L) * Chris Leslie (L) * John Mann (L) * Ben Bradley (C) * Robert Jenrick (C) * Anna Soubry (C) * Mark Spencer (C)

TIME ZONE Greenwich Mean Time (UTC )

• SUMMER (DST ) British Summer Time (UTC+1 )

NOTTINGHAMSHIRE (pronounced /ˈnɒtɪŋəmʃər/ or /ˈnɒtɪŋəmˌʃɪər/; abbreviated NOTTS) is a county in the East Midlands of England
England
, bordering South Yorkshire to the north-west, Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
to the east, Leicestershire
Leicestershire
to the south, and Derbyshire to the west. The traditional county town is Nottingham
Nottingham
, though the county council is based in West Bridgford in the borough of Rushcliffe , at a site facing Nottingham
Nottingham
over the River Trent
River Trent
.

The districts of Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
are Ashfield , Bassetlaw
Bassetlaw
, Broxtowe , Gedling , Mansfield
Mansfield
, Newark and Sherwood , and Rushcliffe . The City of Nottingham
Nottingham
was administratively part of Nottinghamshire between 1974 and 1998 but is now a unitary authority , remaining part of Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
for ceremonial purposes .

In 2011 the county was estimated to have a population of 785,800. Over half of the population of the county live in the Greater Nottingham
Nottingham
conurbation (which continues into Derbyshire). The conurbation has a population of about 650,000, though less than half live within the city boundaries.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Physical geography

* 3 Politics

* 3.1 Westminster Parliamentary * 3.2 Political control

* 4 Economy and industry

* 5 Education

* 5.1 Secondary education * 5.2 Higher education

* 6 Culture * 7 Settlements and communications * 8 Places of interest * 9 See also * 10 References * 11 External links

HISTORY

Main article: History of Nottinghamshire

Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
lies on the Roman Fosse Way
Fosse Way
, and there are Roman settlements in the county, for example at Mansfield
Mansfield
and forts such as at the Broxtowe Estate in Bilborough . The county was settled by Angles
Angles
around the 5th century, and became part of the Kingdom, and later Earldom, of Mercia
Mercia
. However, there is evidence of Saxon settlement at the Broxtowe Estate, Oxton , near Nottingham, and Tuxford , east of Sherwood Forest . The name first occurs in 1016, but until 1568 the county was administratively united with Derbyshire, under a single Sheriff
Sheriff
. In Norman times the county developed malting and woollen industries. During the industrial revolution also the county held much needed minerals such as coal and iron ore and had constructed some of the first experimental waggonways in the world, an example of this is the Wollaton wagonway of 1603-1616 which transported minerals from bell pitt mining areas at Strelley and Bilborough , this led to canals and railways being constructed in the county, and the lace and cotton industries grew. In the 18th and 19th centuries, mechanised deeper collieries opened and mining became an important economic sector, though these declined after the 1984–85 miners\' strike .

Until 1610, Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
was divided into eight Wapentakes . Sometime between 1610 and 1719 they were reduced to six – Newark , Bassetlaw
Bassetlaw
, Thurgarton , Rushcliffe , Broxtowe and Bingham , some of these names still being used for the modern districts. Oswaldbeck was absorbed in Bassetlaw, of which it forms the North Clay
Clay
division, and Lythe in Thurgarton.

Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
is famous for its involvement with the legend of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
. This is also the reason for the numbers of tourists who visit places like Sherwood Forest, City of Nottingham
Nottingham
and the surrounding villages in Sherwood Forest. To reinforce the Robin Hood connection, the University of Nottingham
Nottingham
in 2010 has begun the Nottingham
Nottingham
Caves Survey with the goal "to increase the tourist potential of these sites". The project "will use a 3D laser scanner to produce a three dimensional record of more than 450 sandstone caves around Nottingham".

Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
was mapped first by Christopher Saxton in 1576, the first fully surveyed map of the county was by John Chapman who produced Chapman's Map of Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
in 1774. The map was the earliest printed map at a sufficiently useful scale (one statute mile to one inch) to provide basic information on village layout and the existence of landscape features such as roads, milestones, tollbars, parkland and mills.

PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY

Interactive map of Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
and city/districts

Nottinghamshire, like Derbyshire
Derbyshire
and South Yorkshire, sits on extensive coal measures, up to 900 metres (3,000 feet) thick and occurring largely in the north of the county. There is an oilfield near Eakring . These are overlaid by sandstones and limestones in the west and clay in the east. The north of the county is part of the Humberhead Levels lacustrine plain . The centre and south west of the county, around Sherwood Forest, features undulating hills with ancient oak woodland. Principal rivers are the Trent , Idle , Erewash and Soar . The Trent, fed by the Soar and Erewash, and Idle, composed of many streams from Sherwood Forest, run through wide and flat valleys, merging at Misterton . A point just north of Newtonwood Lane, on the boundary with Derbyshire
Derbyshire
is the highest point in Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
at 205 metres (673 ft), while Silverhill , a spoil heap left by the former Silverhill colliery, a man-made point often cited as the highest, reaches 204 metres (669 ft). The lowest is Peat Carr, east of Blaxton, at sea level; the Trent is tidal below Cromwell Lock .

Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
is sheltered by the Pennines to the west, so receives relatively low rainfall at 641–740 mm (25–29 in) annually. The average temperature of the county is 8.8–10.1 degrees Celsius (48–50 degrees Fahrenheit ). The county receives between 1321 and 1470 hours of sunshine per year.

POLITICS

See also: Nottinghamshire local elections

Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
is represented by eleven members of parliament , of which seven are members of the Labour Party , and four are Conservatives . Kenneth Clarke of Rushcliffe is a former Conservative Chancellor of the Exchequer and Lord High Chancellor .

Following the 2017 County Council elections, the County Council is controlled by a coalition of Conservatives and Mansfield
Mansfield
Independent Forum, having taken control from a minority Labour administration. The seats held are 31 Conservatives, 23 Labour, 11 Independents, 1 Liberal Democrat. In the previous 2013 election , the County Council was Labour controlled, a gain from the Conservatives. There are 67 councillors, 34 of which were Labour, 21 Conservative, 8 Liberal Democrat and 4 Independent. The Labour group lost their majority in August 2014 when a Labour councillor resigned to sit as an independent, leaving no party with majority control of the authority. Local government is devolved to seven local borough and district councils. Ashfield, Bassetlaw, Gedling and Mansfield
Mansfield
are Labour controlled while Broxtowe, Newark and Sherwood and Rushcliffe are Conservative controlled.

WESTMINSTER PARLIAMENTARY

GENERAL ELECTION 2017: NOTTINGHAMSHIRE

LABOUR CONSERVATIVE LIBERAL DEMOCRATS UKIP GREEN OTHERS _TURNOUT_

265,073 +59,165 242,451 +52,410 16,018 -7,337 15,922 −61,126 5,718 -13,217 6,900 +5,017 _552,082_ +35,382

OVERALL NUMBER OF SEATS IN 2017

LABOUR CONSERVATIVE LIBERAL DEMOCRATS UKIP GREEN OTHERS

6 5 0 0 0 0

POLITICAL CONTROL

Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
is a non-metropolitan county governed by Nottinghamshire County Council and 7 non-metropolitan district councils. Elections to the county council take place every four years, with the first election taking place in 1973. Following each election, the county council has been controlled by the following parties:

YEAR PARTY DETAILS

1973 Labour Details

1977 Conservative Details

1981 Labour Details

1985 Labour Details

1989 Labour Details

1993 Labour Details

1997 Labour Details

2001 Labour Details

2005 Labour Details

2009 Conservative Details

2013 Labour Details

2017 No Overall Control Details

ECONOMY AND INDUSTRY

The regional economy was traditionally based on industries such as coal mining in the Leen Valley and manufacturing. Since the invention of the knitting frame by local William Lee , the county, in particular Nottingham
Nottingham
, became synonymous with the lace industry.

In 1998 Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
had a GDP per-capita of £ 12,000, and a total GDP of £12,023 million. This is compared to a per-capita GDP of £11,848 for the East Midlands, £12,845 for England
England
and £12,548 for the United Kingdom. Nottingham
Nottingham
has a GDP per-capita of £17,373, North Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
£10,176, and South Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
£8,448. In October 2005 the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
had 4.7% unemployment, the East Midlands 4.4%, and the Nottingham
Nottingham
commuter belt area 2.4%.

EDUCATION

See also: List of schools in Nottinghamshire

SECONDARY EDUCATION

The county has comprehensive secondary education with 47 state secondary schools , as well as 10 independent schools . The City of Nottingham
Nottingham
LEA has 18 state schools and 6 independent schools, not including sixth form colleges .

9,700 pupils took GCSEs in the Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
LEA in 2007. The best results were from the West Bridgford School , closely followed by Rushcliffe Comprehensive School and the Minster School in Southwell . The lowest performing school was the Queen Elizabeth's Endowed School in Mansfield
Mansfield
. In Nottingham, the best results came from the Trinity Catholic School and the Fernwood School in Wollaton .

At A-level , the highest performing institution was The Becket School , followed by the West Bridgford School. Some of the county's best results tend to come from Nottingham
Nottingham
High School , closely followed by the all-female Nottingham
Nottingham
High School for Girls , both of which are privately run.

HIGHER EDUCATION

The University of Nottingham
Nottingham
is a Russell Group university and well-renowned, offering one of the broadest selections of courses in the UK. Nottingham
Nottingham
Trent University is one of the most successful post-1992 universities in the UK. Both universities combine to make Nottingham
Nottingham
one of England
England
's largest student cities. Nottingham
Nottingham
Trent University also has an agricultural college near Southwell , while the University of Nottingham
Nottingham
has one at Sutton Bonington . National and County cricket player Harold Larwood

CULTURE

Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
contains the ancestral home of the poet Lord Byron
Lord Byron
, Newstead Abbey , which he sold in 1818. It is now owned by Nottingham City Council and open to the public. The acclaimed author D. H. Lawrence was from Eastwood in Nottinghamshire. Toton was the birthplace and home of English folk singer-songwriter Anne Briggs , well known for her song 'Black Waterside'. The north of the county is also noteworthy for its connections with the Pilgrim Fathers . William Brewster , for example, came from the village of Scrooby and was influenced by Richard Clyfton , who preached at Babworth
Babworth
.

Nottinghamshire County Cricket Club are a first class cricket club who play at Trent Bridge in West Bridgford . They won the County Championship in 2010. The most successful football team within Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
is Nottingham
Nottingham
Forest , a Championship club that won the 1978 English championship and followed it up with winning the 1979 and 1980 European Cup titles. Notts County , currently in League Two , and Mansfield
Mansfield
Town , also a League Two side are other professional teams from the area. Other notable sporting teams are the Nottingham Rugby Football Club and the Nottingham
Nottingham
Panthers Ice Hockey Club .

Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
has international twinning arrangements with the province of Wielkopolska (Greater Poland) in western Poland
Poland
, and with the province's capital city, Poznań .

SETTLEMENTS AND COMMUNICATIONS

The council house and a tram in Nottingham
Nottingham
market square See also: List of places in Nottinghamshire and List of settlements in Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
by population

The traditional county town, and the largest settlement in the historic and ceremonial county boundaries, is Nottingham
Nottingham
. The City is now administratively independent, but suburbs including Arnold , Carlton , West Bridgford , Beeston and Stapleford are still within the administrative county, and West Bridgford is now home of the county council.

There are several market towns in the county. Newark-on-Trent is a bridging point of the Fosse Way
Fosse Way
and River Trent
River Trent
, but is actually an Anglo-Saxon market town with a now ruined castle . Mansfield
Mansfield
, the second-largest settlement in the county, sits on the site of a Roman settlement, but grew after the Norman Conquest . Worksop , in the north of the county, is also an Anglo-Saxon market town which grew rapidly in the industrial revolution with the arrival of canals and railways and the discovery of coal. Other market towns include Arnold, Bingham , Hucknall , Kirkby-in- Ashfield , and Retford .

The main railway in the county is the Midland Main Line which links London to Sheffield
Sheffield
via Nottingham. The Robin Hood
Robin Hood
Line between Nottingham
Nottingham
and Worksop serves several villages in the county. The East Coast Main Line from London to Doncaster
Doncaster
, Leeds
Leeds
, York
York
, Newcastle-upon-Tyne and Scotland
Scotland
serves the eastern Nottinghamshire towns of Newark and Retford.

The M1 motorway runs through the county, connecting Nottingham
Nottingham
to London, Leeds
Leeds
and Leicester by road. The A1 road follows for the most part the path of the Great North Road, although in places it diverges from the historic route where towns have been bypassed. Retford was by-passed in 1961 and Newark-on-Trent was by-passed in 1964, and the A1 now runs between Retford and Worksop past the village of Ranby . Many historic coaching inns can still be seen along the traditional route.

East Midlands
East Midlands
Airport is just outside the county in Leicestershire
Leicestershire
, while the Robin Hood
Robin Hood
Airport lies within the historic boundaries of Nottinghamshire. These airports serve the county and several of its neighbours. Together the airports have services to most major European destinations, and East Midlands
East Midlands
Airport now also has services to North America and the Caribbean
Caribbean
. As well as local bus services throughout the county, Nottingham
Nottingham
and its suburbs have a tram system, Nottingham Express Transit .

PLACES OF INTEREST

* Attenborough Nature Reserve * Clumber Park * Creswell Crags * Rufford Country Park * Rushcliffe Country Park * Southwell Minster * Sherwood Forest * Ye Olde Trip To Jerusalem

* Hawton Church * Nottingham
Nottingham
Castle * Wollaton Hall * Wollaton Park * Welbeck Abbey * Newstead Abbey * Sherwood Observatory * The Harley Gallery

SEE ALSO

* Lord Lieutenant of Nottinghamshire * High Sheriff
Sheriff
of Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
* Nottinghamshire Police * Nottinghamshire Police and Crime Commissioner

REFERENCES

* ^ British English pronunciation in COLLINS ENGLISH DICTIONARY * ^ " Conurbation of Greater Nottingham
Nottingham
renamed". Telegraph.co.uk. 23 June 2010. Retrieved 25 September 2010. * ^ "Laser to scan Robin Hood\'s prison under Nottingham
Nottingham
city". BBC News. 20 April 2010. Retrieved 25 September 2010. * ^ Chapman's Map of Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
1774. Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
County Council ISBN 0-902751-46-8 . * ^ Encyclopædia Britannica, 1911. "Nottinghamshire, Geology". Retrieved 11 December 2005. * ^ Barnard, John (8 February 2011). "Survey of Highest Point Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
(Final)". Database of British and Irish Hills. Retrieved 20 March 2012. * ^ Haran, Brady. "Experiencing the Highs and Lows". BBC
BBC
. Retrieved 28 September 2015. * ^ Met Office, 2000. Annual average rainfall for the United Kingdom. * ^ Met Office, 2000. Annual average temperature for the United Kingdom. * ^ Met Office, 2000. Annual average sunshine for the United Kingdom. * ^ " Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
County Council, 2009". Nottinghamshire.gov.uk. 12 April 2010. Retrieved 25 September 2010. * ^ "Change to political balance of Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
County Council". Nottinghamshire.gov.uk. 21 August 2014. * ^ "Nottinghamshire". _ BBC
BBC
News Online _. 19 April 2009. Retrieved 25 September 2009. * ^ "Black lead and bleaching – the Nottingham
Nottingham
lace industry". BBC
BBC
. 2004. * ^ Office for National Statistics, 2001. Regional Trends 26 ch:14.7 (PDF). Retrieved 24 December 2005. * ^ East Midlands
East Midlands
Observatory, 2005. Labour Market Statistics for October 2005. Retrieved 24 December 2005. * ^ Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
County Council. Transnational partnerships.

EXTERNAL LINKS

_ Wikimedia Commons has