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NOTTINGHAM (/ˈnɒtɪŋəm/ (_ listen ) NOT-ing-əm_ ) is a city and unitary authority area located in Nottinghamshire, England, located 128 miles (206 km) north of London
London
, in the East Midlands
East Midlands
.

Nottingham
Nottingham
has links to the legend of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and to the lace-making, bicycle (notably Raleigh bikes) and tobacco industries. It was granted its city charter in 1897 as part of Queen Victoria
Queen Victoria
's Diamond Jubilee celebrations. Nottingham
Nottingham
is a tourist destination; in 2011, visitors spent over £1.5 billion – the thirteenth highest amount in England's 111 statistical territories .

In 2015, Nottingham
Nottingham
had an estimated population of 321,550 with the wider urban area , which includes many of the city's suburbs, having a population of 915,977. Its urban area is the largest in the east Midlands and the second largest in the Midlands. The population of the Nottingham/ Derby
Derby
metropolitan area is estimated to be 1,610,000. Its metropolitan economy is the seventh largest in the United Kingdom with a GDP of $50.9bn (2014). The city is also ranked as a sufficiency-level world city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network .

Nottingham
Nottingham
has an award-winning public transport system, including the largest publicly owned bus network in England
England
and is also served by Nottingham railway station
Nottingham railway station
and the modern Nottingham
Nottingham
Express Transit tram system.

It is also a major sporting centre, and in October 2015 was named 'Home of English Sport'. The National Ice Centre , Holme Pierrepont National Watersports Centre , and Trent Bridge international cricket ground are all based in or around the city, which is also the home of two professional league football teams; the world's oldest professional league club Notts County , and Nottingham Forest , famously two-time winners of the UEFA European Cup under Brian Clough in 1979 and 1980. The city also has professional rugby, ice hockey and cricket teams, and the Aegon Nottingham Open , an international tennis tournament on the ATP and WTA tours. This accolade came just over a year after Nottingham
Nottingham
was named as the UK's first City of Football.

On 11 December 2015, Nottingham
Nottingham
was named a " City of Literature " by UNESCO
UNESCO
, joining Norwich, Melbourne, Prague and Barcelona as one of only a handful in the world. The title reflects Nottingham's literary heritage, with Lord Byron
Lord Byron
, D. H. Lawrence
D. H. Lawrence
and Alan Sillitoe having links to the city, as well as a strong contemporary literary community, a thriving publishing industry and a vibrant poetry scene.

It has two universities, the University of Nottingham and Nottingham Trent University , which are attended by over 70,610 students—with 43,765 at the University of Nottingham, and Nottingham
Nottingham
Trent University having 26,845, according to the respective University websites.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 2 Government

* 2.1 Local government * 2.2 UK Parliament * 2.3 European Parliament * 2.4 Other

* 3 Geography

* 3.1 Map * 3.2 Within the city * 3.3 Around the city * 3.4 Climate

* 4 Architecture

* 4.1 Lace
Lace
Market * 4.2 Pubs

* 5 Education

* 6 Economy

* 6.1 Shopping * 6.2 Enterprise zone * 6.3 Creative-quarter

* 7 Culture

* 7.1 Theatres * 7.2 Galleries and museums * 7.3 Cinemas * 7.4 Music and entertainment * 7.5 Arts and crafts * 7.6 Food * 7.7 Tourism * 7.8 People * 7.9 Miscellaneous

* 8 Sport * 9 Transport * 10 Crime * 11 Religion * 12 Demography

* 13 Media

* 13.1 Television

* 13.2 Radio

* 13.2.1 Student radio

* 13.3 Newspapers and magazines * 13.4 Film

* 14 Twin cities

* 15 Notable people

* 15.1 List of Mayors and Lord Mayors * 15.2 The Sheriff of Nottingham

* 16 See also * 17 References * 18 External links

HISTORY

See also: History of Nottingham and Timeline of Nottingham

The city predates Anglo-Saxon times and was known in Brythonic as _Tigguo Cobauc_, meaning _Place of Caves _ (known also as "City of Caves"). In modern Welsh it is known poetically as _Y Ty Ogofog_ and Irish as _Na Tithe Uaimh_ "The Cavey Dwelling". When it fell under the rule of a Saxon chieftain named Snot it became known as "Snotingaham"; the homestead of Snot's people (_-inga_ = the people of; _-ham_ = homestead). Some authors derive "Nottingham" from _Snottenga_, caves, and _ham_, but "this has nothing to do with the English form". Nottingham Castle
Nottingham Castle

Nottingham Castle
Nottingham Castle
was constructed in 1068 on a sandstone outcrop by the River Leen . The Anglo-Saxon settlement was originally confined to the area today known as the Lace
Lace
Market and was surrounded by a substantial defensive ditch and rampart, which fell out of use following the Norman Conquest and was filled by the time of the Domesday Survey (1086). Following the Norman Conquest the Saxon settlement developed into the English Borough
Borough
of Nottingham
Nottingham
and housed a Town Hall and Law Courts. A settlement also developed around the castle on the hill opposite and was the French borough supporting the Normans in the castle. Eventually, the space between was built on as the town grew and the Old Market Square became the focus of Nottingham several centuries later. Defences, consisted initially of a ditch and bank in the early 12th century. The ditch was later widened, in the mid 13th century, and a stone wall built around much of the perimeter of the town. A short length of the wall survives, and is visible at the northern end of Maid Marian Way, and is protected as a Scheduled Monument.

On the return of Richard the Lionheart from the Crusades , the Castle was occupied by supporters of Prince John , including the Sheriff of Nottingham
Nottingham
. It was besieged by Richard and, after a sharp conflict, was captured. In the legends of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
, Nottingham Castle
Nottingham Castle
is the scene of the final showdown between the Sheriff and the hero outlaw. Nottingham
Nottingham
from the east, c. 1695, painted by Jan Siberechts
Jan Siberechts

By the 15th century Nottingham
Nottingham
had established itself as a centre of a thriving export trade in religious sculpture made from Nottingham Alabaster . The town became a county corporate in 1449 giving it effective self-government, in the words of the charter, "for eternity". The Castle and Shire Hall were expressly excluded and remained as detached Parishes of Nottinghamshire .

One of those highly impressed by Nottingham
Nottingham
in the late 18th century was the German traveller C. P. Moritz , who wrote in 1782, "Of all the towns I have seen outside London, Nottingham
Nottingham
is the loveliest and neatest. Everything had a modern look, and a large space in the centre was hardly less handsome than a London
London
square. A charming footpath leads over the fields to the highway, where a bridge spans the Trent. ... Nottingham
Nottingham
... with its high houses, red roofs and church steeples, looks excellent from a distance."

During the Industrial Revolution , much of Nottingham's prosperity was founded on the textile industry ; in particular, the city became an internationally important centre of lace manufacture. In 1831 citizens rioted in protest against the Duke of Newcastle
Duke of Newcastle
's opposition to the Reform Act 1832 , setting fire to his residence, Nottingham Castle . Nottingham
Nottingham
in 1831

In common with the UK textile industry, Nottingham's textile sector fell into decline in the decades following World War II. Little textile manufacture now takes place in Nottingham; however, many of the former industrial buildings in the Lace
Lace
Market district have been restored and put to new uses.

Nottingham
Nottingham
was one of the boroughs reformed by the Municipal Corporations Act 1835 , and at that time consisted of the parishes of St Mary, St Nicholas and St Peter. It was expanded in 1877 by adding the parishes of Basford , Brewhouse Yard, Bulwell , Radford , Sneinton , Standard Hill, and parts of the parishes of West Bridgford , Carlton , Wilford (North Wilford). In 1889 Nottingham
Nottingham
became a county borough under the Local Government Act 1888 . City status was awarded as part of the Diamond Jubilee celebrations of Queen Victoria, being signified in a letter from the prime minister, the Marquess of Salisbury
Salisbury
to the mayor, dated 18 June 1897. Nottingham
Nottingham
was extended in 1933 by adding Bilborough and Wollaton , parts of the parishes of Bestwood Park and Colwick , and a recently developed part of the Beeston Urban District . A further boundary extension was granted in 1951 when Clifton and Wilford (south of the River Trent) were incorporated into the city.

Demographic evolution of Nottingham
Nottingham

YEAR POPULATION

4th century _ Wollaton Hall was used as Wayne Manor in the Batman film The Dark Knight Rises _.

TWIN CITIES

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom

Nottingham
Nottingham
is twinned with the following cities:

* Ljubljana
Ljubljana
, Slovenia
Slovenia
(1963) * Minsk
Minsk
, Belarus
Belarus
(1966) * Karlsruhe
Karlsruhe
, Germany
Germany
(1969) * Harare , Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe
(1981) * Ghent
Ghent
, Belgium
Belgium
(1985) * Ningbo , China
China
(2005) * Timişoara , Romania
Romania
(2008) * Krasnodar
Krasnodar
, Russia
Russia
(2012) * Września
Września
, Poland
Poland

NOTABLE PEOPLE

Main article: List of people from Nottingham See also: Category:People from Nottingham
Nottingham

LIST OF MAYORS AND LORD MAYORS

Main article: Lord Mayor of Nottingham

THE SHERIFF OF NOTTINGHAM

Main articles: Sheriff of Nottingham and Sheriff of Nottingham (position)

SEE ALSO

* List of public art in Nottingham * 1185 East Midlands
East Midlands
earthquake * Snotingas

REFERENCES

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Nottingham
City Transport!". nctx.co.uk. * ^ _A_ _B_ "Our Companies – NCT". Transdev UK. Retrieved 22 February 2014. * ^ " Nottingham
Nottingham
named as \'Home of English Sport\'". BBC
BBC
News. * ^ " Nottingham
Nottingham
chosen as first City of Football". BBC
BBC
News. * ^ http://www.nottinghampost.com/Nottingham-named-UNESCO-City-Literature/story-28347373-detail/story.html * ^ "Welcome to Nottingham
Nottingham
UNESCO
UNESCO
City of Literature Nottingham UNESCO
UNESCO
City of Literature". _ Nottingham
Nottingham
UNESCO
UNESCO
City of Literature_. 2017-06-05. Retrieved 2017-06-06. * ^ https://www.google.co.uk/#q=nottingham+trent+university&*&spf=1 * ^ https://www.google.co.uk/#q=university+of+nottingham&*">(PDF). Retrieved 13 July 2010. * ^ A P Nicholson (9 May 2003). "Meaning and Origin of the Words. Shire and County". Retrieved 22 March 2007. * ^ Mutschmann, Heinrich (2012) . _The Place-Names of Nottinghamshire: Their Origin and Development_. Cambridge
Cambridge
University Press. pp. 100–101. ISBN 9781107665415 . * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Scott C. Lomax (17 October 2013). Nottingham: The Buried Past of a Historic City Revealed. Pen and Sword. pp. 83–. ISBN 978-1-4738-2999-2 . * ^ Thomas Chambers Hine (1876) _ Nottingham
Nottingham
Castle; Nottingham, Eng. Museum and Art Gallery_. London:Hamilton, Adams & co. * ^ " Robin Hood
Robin Hood
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Nottingham
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Nottingham
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Nottingham
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Nottingham
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* ^ " Nottingham
Nottingham
– Pubs". Retrieved 4 December 2014. * ^ Scott C. Lomax (17 October 2013). _Nottingham: The Buried Past of a Historic City Revealed_. Pen and Sword. pp. 83–. ISBN 978-1-4738-2999-2 . * ^ "Statistics – Students and qualifiers at UK HE institutions". Retrieved 29 April 2013. * ^ " University of Nottingham Official Webpage". Retrieved 23 March 2017. * ^ Clarke, Laura (2015-07-28). "NTU buys out Confetti Media Group - Notts TV News The heart of Nottingham
Nottingham
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Nottingham
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Robin Hood
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Nottingham
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Liverpool
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Nottingham
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Nottingham
Enterprise Zone \'could create 10,000 jobs\'". BBC News. 6 March 2012. Retrieved 11 March 2015. * ^ "Infinity Park Derby: Official start to £200m business park vital to city\'s future". _ Derby
Derby
Telegraph _. 5 December 2014. Retrieved 11 March 2015. * ^ " Nottingham
Nottingham
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Nottingham
– Entertainment – REM @ The City Ground 6/7/2005". BBC. Retrieved 12 July 2012. * ^ "Splendour 2010 – Pet Shop Boys – Wollaton Park 24th July 2010". Splendourfestival.co.uk. Retrieved 13 July 2010. * ^ "Line Up". No Tomorrow Festival. * ^ Atkinson, Mike (29 September 2011). "Nottingham\'s music scene: soon to be heard?". _The Guardian_. London. Retrieved 27 March 2013. * ^ "Georgie Rose in session at ROFL Audio for this weekend\'s Sound of Nottingham". musicnottingham.com. 23 August 2013. Archived from the original on 3 November 2013. Retrieved 22 February 2014. * ^ "restaurant guide". Go dine. Retrieved 13 July 2010. * ^ Stagg, James. (27 September 2012) New Michelin Bib Gourmands for 38 restaurants – Caterer and Hotelkeeper. Caterersearch.com. Retrieved 17 July 2013. * ^ Bremner, Charles; Robertson, David (25 November 2009). "The Top 10 cities to visit in 2010". _The Times_. London. Retrieved 10 April 2010. * ^ Tourism in England#Heritage Cities in England
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Nottingham
Features – Guide to Nottingham
Nottingham
lingo". BBC. Retrieved 22 February 2014. * ^ "Nottingham\'s National Videogame Arcade gets ready for play time". Retrieved 10 April 2015. * ^ "3. Nottingham, in the east Midlands, is the most haunted city in England
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according to the report – with 300 sightings in the past 25 years.". Yahoo News UK. Retrieved 22 February 2014. * ^ "Festivals". New Art Exchange. 2014. Retrieved 11 January 2015. ...the Nottingham
Nottingham
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* ^ Nottingham
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City Council. "Events in Nottingham". nottinghamcity.gov.uk. * ^ _ Notts County – A Pictorial History_ by Paul Wain, page 8, ISBN 0-9547830-3-4 * ^ Notts County at the Football Club History Database * ^ Nottingham Forest at the Football Club History Database * ^ "When Saturday Comes – Euro \'96\'s forgotten city". _When Saturday Comes_. 14 August 1996. * ^ "City of Football: Nottingham
Nottingham
wins title and £1.6 million for sport". _ Nottingham
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Post_. * ^ "The 12 cities which will form England\'s 2018 World Cup bid". Retrieved 10 April 2015. * ^ " Nottingham Forest hope new ground will stage 2018 World Cup matches". Retrieved 10 April 2015. * ^ " Nottingham
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Rugby to leave Meadow Lane home in 2015". BBC Sports. Retrieved 11 October 2014. * ^ "塾代に使い続けたキャッシング". Greatnottsbikeride.com. Retrieved 22 February 2014. * ^ "Nottingham, UK One Step Beyond Promotions". Outlaw Triathlon. Retrieved 22 February 2014. * ^ "nottinghamrollergirls.com" * ^ " Nottingham
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Nottingham
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Nottingham
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seems to have been given a bad reputation by the rest of the country, with nickname 'Shottingham' being the favourite * ^ "City Status". Lovemytown.co.uk. Retrieved 22 February 2014. * ^ "Cathedrals". Lovemytown.co.uk. Retrieved 22 February 2014. * ^ Islamic Guide. "UK Mosque Masjid Directory, Muslim directory". islamicguide.co.uk. * ^ "Local Business Listings UK, Maps & Directions, Local Events". locallife.co.uk. * ^ Vision of Britain through time * ^ mid year estimate * ^ _ONS population projections 2014 base / projections uplifted by \'21-4,800/\'31-5,300 given underestimation at 2016 - c. 5,000/ _ * ^ Archived 16 March 2013 at the Wayback Machine . * ^ Archived 22 July 2015 at the Wayback Machine . * ^ "Urn1350.net". Urn1350.net. Retrieved 13 July 2010. * ^ Emma Hancox. " The Tab Nottingham
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City Council. 11 March 2014. Archived from the original on 13 October 2012. Retrieved 20 July 2013. * ^ "Medmestno in mednarodno sodelovanje". _Mestna občina Ljubljana
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Minsk
__" (in Russian). The department of protocol and international relations of Minsk
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City Executive Committee. Archived from the original on 2 May 2013. Retrieved 21 July 2013. * ^ "Städtepartnerschaften" (in German). Stadt Karlsruhe. 16 December 2010. Archived from the original on 24 July 2010. Retrieved 5 January 2011. * ^ " Ghent
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Find more aboutNOTTINGHAMat's sister projects

* Definitions from Wiktionary * Media from Commons * Travel guide from Wikivoyage * Data from Wikidata

EXTERNAL LINKS

* Nottingham City Council website

* v * t * e

Nottingham
Nottingham

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