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NORWEGIAN INDEPENDENT COMPANY 1 (NOR.I.C.1, pronounced Norisén (approx. "noor-ee-sehn") in Norwegian) was a British Special Operations Executive (SOE) group formed in March 1941 originally for the purpose of performing commando raids during the occupation of Norway
Norway
by Nazi Germany . Organized under the leadership of Captain Martin Linge , it soon became a pool of talent for a variety of special operations in Norway.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Members * 3 Operation Seagull agents * 4 Telavåg
Telavåg
agents * 5 References * 6 Sources

HISTORY

Kompani Linge Memorial, Glenmore Forest Park in Scotland

The original English-language administrative title did not have much resonance in Norwegian and they soon became better known as KOMPANI LINGE (Linge's Company). Martin Linge's death early in the war came to enhance the title, which became formalised as LINGEKOMPANIET in his honour.

The members of the unit were trained at various locations in the United Kingdom, including at the SOE establishment at Drumintoul Lodge in the Cairngorms , Scotland.

Their initial raids in 1941 were to Lofoten ( Operation Claymore ) and Måløy
Måløy
( Operation Archery ), where Martin Linge was killed. Their best known raids were probably the Norwegian heavy water sabotage
Norwegian heavy water sabotage
. Other raids included the Thamshavnbanen sabotage . In the capital area, the Oslogjengen carried out several sabotage missions. In cooperation with Milorg , the main Norwegian resistance organisation, communication lines with London
London
were gradually improved during the war, so that by 1945, 64 radio operators were spread throughout Norway.

According to Mitt liv, the autobiography of Max Manus (1995. N.W. Damm), the Linge Company was for a time counted amongst the most decorated military forces in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
during World War II
World War II
. The veterans from the company were also amongst the first to welcome King Haakon home. A total of 530 Norwegians served in NOR.I.C.1, of whom 57 lost their lives.

MEMBERS

* Alf Aakre * Karl Johan Aarsæther * Knut Aarsæther * Olav Aarsæther * Jan Allan * Johannes S. Andersen * Odd Andersen * Gunnar Bjålie * Svein Blindheim * Jan Baalsrud * Erik Gjems-Onstad
Erik Gjems-Onstad
* Arne Gjestland

* Gregers Gram * Evald Hansen * Nils Uhlin Hansen * Knut Haugland * Knut Haukelid * Claus Helberg * Kasper Idland * Fredrik Kayser * Arne Kjelstrup * Claus Gustav Myrin Koren * Jan Herman Linge * Martin Linge * Erling Sven Lorentzen * Max Manus

* Alf Malland * Oskar Johan Nordvik * Herluf Nygaard * Martin Olsen * George Parker * Alv Kristian Pedersen * Bjørn Pedersen * Arthur Pevik * Johnny Pevik * Jens-Anton Poulsson * Birger Rasmussen * Boy Rist * Joachim Rønneberg * Harald Sandvik * Einar Skinnarland * Ingebjørg Skoghaug

* Odd Starheim * Inge Steensland * Kjell Stordalen * Hans Storhaug * Eskil Stuve * Gunnar Sønsteby * Edvard Tallaksen * Anton Telnes * Ragnar Ulstein * Knut Wigert * Birger Strømsheim

Memorial at Akershus Fortress to the members of the Norwegian Independent Company 1 and the Shetland bus who were killed in World War II

OPERATION SEAGULL AGENTS

* Cpl. Sverre Granlund - had also served as a commando during Operation Musketoon
Operation Musketoon
* Sgt. Thorlief Daniel Grong * Lt. Per Getz * Pte. Eivind Dahl Eriksen * Pte. Hans Rohde Hansen * Tobias Skog

TELAVåG AGENTS

* Emil Gustav Hvaal (codename Anchor) * Arne Vaerum (codename Penguin)

REFERENCES

* ^ Bolstad, Erik (ed.). "Kompani Linge". Store norske leksikon
Store norske leksikon
(in Norwegian). Oslo: Norsk nettleksikon. Retrieved 13 January 2017. * ^ Ruggeri, Amanda (12 January 2017). "The surprising place where WWII agents learnt to fight Nazis". BBC
BBC
. Retrieved 13 January 2017. * ^ A B Engesæter, Olaug. "Kompani Linge". Digitalskolen (in Norwegian). University of Bergen
University of Bergen
. Retrieved 13 January 2017.

SOURCES

* Jensen, Erling; Ratvik, Per; Ulstein, Ragnar (1995) Kompani Linge (Oslo: LibriArte) ISBN 82-445-0057-3 * Manus, Max (1995) Mitt liv (N.W. Damm) ISBN 978-82-517-9399-5

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