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NORTHROP CORPORATION was a leading United States aircraft manufacturer from its formation in 1939 until its 1994 merger with Grumman
Grumman
to form Northrop Grumman
Northrop Grumman
. The company is known for its development of the flying wing design, most successfully the B-2 Spirit stealth bomber. Northrop Corporation
Northrop Corporation
F-5E Tiger II of the Swiss Air Force
Swiss Air Force
arrives at the 2016 RIAT
RIAT
, England
England

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Aircraft
Aircraft
* 3 Unmanned aerial vehicles * 4 Missiles * 5 See also * 6 References

HISTORY

Jack Northrop founded three companies using his name. The first was the AVION CORPORATION in 1927, which was absorbed in 1929 by the United Aircraft
Aircraft
and Transport Corporation as a subsidiary named "Northrop Aviation Corporation" (and later acquired by Boeing
Boeing
). The parent company moved its operations to Kansas
Kansas
in 1931, and so Jack, along with Donald Douglas , established a "Northrop Corporation" located in El Segundo, California
El Segundo, California
, which produced several successful designs, including the Northrop Gamma and Northrop Delta . However, labor difficulties led to the dissolution of the corporation by Douglas in 1937, and the plant became the El Segundo Division of Douglas Aircraft
Aircraft
.

Northrop still sought his own company, and so in 1939 he established the "Northrop Corporation" in nearby Hawthorne, California
Hawthorne, California
, a site located by co-founder Moye Stephens . The corporation ranked 100th among United States corporations in the value of World War II
World War II
military production contracts. It was there that the P-61 Black Widow night fighter , the B-35 and YB-49 experimental flying wing bombers, the F-89 Scorpion interceptor , the SM-62 Snark
SM-62 Snark
intercontinental cruise missile , and the F-5 Freedom Fighter economical jet fighter (and its derivative, the successful T-38 Talon trainer) were developed and built.

The F-5 was so successful that Northrop spent much of the 1970s and 1980s attempting to duplicate its success with similar lightweight designs. Their first attempt to improve the F-5 was the N-300, which featured much more powerful engines and moved the wing to a higher position to allow for increased ordnance that the higher power allowed. The N-300 was further developed into the P-530 with even larger engines, this time featuring a small amount of "bypass" (turbofan ) to improve cooling and allow the engine bay to be lighter, as well as much more wing surface. The P-530 also included radar and other systems considered necessary on modern aircraft. When the Light Weight Fighter program was announced, the P-530 was stripped of much of its equipment to become the P-600, and eventually the YF-17 Cobra , which lost the competition to the General Dynamics
General Dynamics
F-16 Fighting Falcon .

Nevertheless, the YF-17 Cobra was modified with help from McDonnell Douglas to become the McDonnell Douglas
McDonnell Douglas
F/A-18 Hornet in order to fill a similar lightweight design competition for the US Navy
US Navy
. Northrop intended to sell a de-navalized version as the F-18L, but the basic F-18A continued to outsell it, leading to a long and fruitless lawsuit between the two companies. Northrop continued to build much of the F-18 fuselage and other systems after this period, but also returned to the original F-5 design with yet another new engine to produce the F-20 Tigershark as a low-cost aircraft. This garnered little interest in the market, and the project was dropped.

In 1985, Northrop bought northrop.com, the sixth .com
.com
domain created.

Based on the experimentation with flying wings the company developed the B-2 Spirit
B-2 Spirit
stealth bomber of the 1990s.

In 1994, partly due to the loss of the Advanced Tactical Fighter contract to Lockheed Martin
Lockheed Martin
and the removal of their proposal from consideration for the Joint Strike Fighter competition , the company bought Grumman
Grumman
to form Northrop Grumman
Northrop Grumman
.

AIRCRAFT

* Northrop YA-9
Northrop YA-9
* Northrop YA-13 * Northrop A-17
Northrop A-17
* Northrop Alpha * Northrop B-2 Spirit
B-2 Spirit
* Northrop YB-35 * Northrop YB-49 * Northrop BT
Northrop BT
* Northrop Beta * Northrop C-19 Alpha * Northrop YC-125 Raider * Northrop Delta * Northrop F-5 Freedom Fighter and Tiger II * Northrop F-15 Reporter * Northrop YF-17
Northrop YF-17
* Northrop F-20 Tigershark * Northrop YF-23
Northrop YF-23
* Northrop F-89 Scorpion * Northrop XFT
Northrop XFT
* Northrop Gamma * Northrop HL-10
Northrop HL-10

* Northrop M2-F2

* Northrop M2-F3

* Northrop N-1M
Northrop N-1M
* Northrop N-3PB * Northrop N-9M * Northrop N-102 Fang * Northrop XP-56 Black Bullet * Northrop P-61 Black Widow
Northrop P-61 Black Widow
* Northrop XP-79 * Northrop T-38 Talon
Northrop T-38 Talon
* Northrop Tacit Blue * Northrop X-4 Bantam * Northrop X-21

UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLES

* Northrop AQM-35 * Northrop AQM-38 * Northrop BQM-74 Chukar

MISSILES

* GAM-67 Crossbow * Northrop JB-1 Bat * SM-62 Snark
SM-62 Snark

SEE ALSO

* Companies portal

Wikimedia Commons has media related to NORTHROP .

* List of Northrop aircraft

REFERENCES

* ^ Parker, Dana T. Building Victory: Aircraft
Aircraft
Manufacturing in the Los Angeles Area in World War II, pp. 93-106, Cypress, CA, 2013. ISBN 978-0-9897906-0-4 . * ^ Parker, Dana T. Building Victory: Aircraft
Aircraft
Manufacturing in the Los Angeles Area in World War II, pp. 25, 93, Cypress, CA, 2013. ISBN 978-0-9897906-0-4 . * ^ Peck, Merton J. & Scherer, Frederic M. The Weapons Acquisition Process: An Economic Analysis (1962) Harvard Business School
Harvard Business School
p.619 * ^ Parker, Dana T. Building Victory: Aircraft
Aircraft
Manufacturing in the Los Angeles Area in World War II, pp. 93-106, Cypress, CA, 2013. ISBN 978-0-9897906-0-4 . * ^ "100 oldest .com
.com
domains". iWhois.com. Archived from the original on October 14, 2013. Retrieved 2012-03-10.

* v * t * e

Northrop aircraft

Manufacturer designations

\'GREEK\' SERIES

* Alpha * Beta * Gamma * Delta

\'N\' SERIES Note: Northrop company designations include a wide variety of technologies. Only aircraft, aero engines, and missiles are linked here.

* N-1 * N-2 * N-3 * N-4 * N-5 * N-6 * N-7 * N-8 * N-9 * N-10 * N-12 * N-14 * N-15 * N-16 * N-18 * N-19 * N-20 * N-21 * N-23 * N-24 * N-25A * N-25B * N-26 * N-29 * N-31 * N-32 * N-34 * N-35 * N-36 * N-37 * N-38 * N-39 * N-40 * N-41 * N-45 * N-46 * N-47 * N-48 * N-49 * N-50 * N-51 * N-52 * N-54 * N-55 * N-59 * N-60 * N-63 * N-65 * N-67 * N-68 * N-69 * N-71 * N-72 * N-73 * N-74 * N-81 * N-82 * N-84 * N-86 * N-87 * N-94 * N-96 * N-102 * N-103 * N-105 * N-110 * N-111 * N-112 * N-117 * N-124 * N-132 * N-133 * N-134 * N-135 * N-138 * N-141 * N-144 * N-149 * N-150 * N-151 * N-155 * N-156 * N-165 * N-204 * N-205 * N-250 * N-267 * N-285 * N-300 * N-301 * N-302 * N-303 * N-304 * N-305 * N-306 * N-307 * N-311 * N-320 * N-321 * N-322 * N-330 * N-370

\'P\' SERIES

* P530 * P600 * P610 * P630

BY ROLE

ATTACK

* YA-13 * XA-16 * A-17 * Nomad * YA-9

BOMBERS

* YB-35 * YB-49 * B-62 * BT * B2T * B-2

DRONES

* Q-4

FIGHTERS

* 3A * XP-56 * P-61 * XP-79 * F-89 * XFT * F2T * F-5 /CF-5/CF-116 * YF-17 * F-18L * F-20 * YF-23

RECONNAISSANCE

* F-15 * RF-61 * RF-5 * N-165 * N-204

TRAINERS

* T-38

TRANSPORTS

* Alpha * Beta * Gamma * Delta * C-19 * C-100 * YC-125 * RT

EXPERIMENTAL

* N-1M * N-9M * JB-1 * MX-324 * MX-334 * M2-F2 * M2-F3 * HL-10 * Tacit Blue * X-4 * X-21

NAMES

* Bantam * Black Bullet * Black Widow * Chukar * Nomad * Pioneer * Raider * Reporter * Scorpion * Snark * Talon * Tigershark

See also: TR-3

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