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NORTHERN ITALY is the northern part of Italy , known informally in Italian as _Il Nord_, _Settentrione_ or _Alta Italia_. It is a geographical region and hence without any administrative function, and consists of eight regions in northern Italy: Aosta Valley , Piedmont , Liguria , Lombardy , Emilia-Romagna , Veneto , Friuli-Venezia Giulia , and Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol . According to the 2011 census, its population was 27,213,372. For statistic purposes, the Istituto Nazionale di Statistica (ISTAT) uses the terms Northwest Italy and Northeast Italy for two of Italy's five statistical regions in its reporting. These same subdivisions are used to demarcate first-level Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS) regions ("NUTS 1 regions") within the European Union , and the Italian constituencies for the European Parliament .

CONTENTS

* 1 Geography * 2 Economy * 3 See also * 4 References

GEOGRAPHY

Northern Italy takes in the basin of the River Po , which comprises the whole of the broad plain extending from the foot of the Apennines to that of the Alps , together with the valleys and slopes on both sides of it. Indeed, throughout its whole course, from its source in Monte Viso to its outflow into the Adriatic Sea —a distance of more than 5 degrees longitude, or 350 in a direct line—the Po receives all the waters that flow from the Apennines northwards, and all those that descend from the Alps towards the south, with the exception of the Adige , which, after pursuing a parallel course with the Po for a considerable distance, enters the Adriatic by a separate mouth.

In 2005, a team of researchers at the Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute reported that Northern Italy was one of Europe's most polluted areas in terms of smog and air pollution due to its climatic and geographic conditions, which cause the stagnation of pollutants.

ECONOMY

See also: Economy of Italy § North–South divide

Northern Italy is the most developed and productive area of the country, with one of the highest GDPs per capita in Europe . It was the first part of Italy to become industrialised in the last half of the 19th century; the so-called _industrial triangle_ was formed by the manufacturing centres of Milan and Turin , as well as the seaport of Genoa . Since then, the industrial core of the area has shifted eastward; the current industrial triangle consists of Lombardy , Veneto , and Emilia-Romagna . A similar shift happened for GDP per capita, and the eastern regions (including Lombardy) have since become wealthier than Piedmont and Liguria . With a 2008 nominal GDP estimated at €772,676 million, Northern Italy accounts for 54.8% of the Italian economy , despite having just 45.8% of the population.

SEE ALSO

* Southern Italy

* Italian NUTS level 1 regions

* Northwest Italy * Northeast Italy * Central Italy * South Italy * Insular Italy

* Padania * Venetia

REFERENCES

* ^ Castagnoli, Adriana (2004). _Culture politiche e territorio in Italia: 1945-2000_. Milano: Angeli. p. 34. ISBN 978-8846452337 . * ^ _A_ _B_ Mangiameli, Stelio (2012). _Il regionalismo italiano tra tradizioni unitarie e processi di federalismo_. Milano: Giuffrè. ISBN 978-8814174131 . * ^ "15th Census of Italy" (PDF). Istituto Nazionale di Statistica . Retrieved 8 January 2014. * ^ Natural Hazards NASA.gov

* v * t * e

Italy articles

HISTORY

CHRONOLOGY

* Prehistory

* Italic peoples * Ancient Italian peoples * Pre-Nuragic Sardinia * Nuragic peoples

* Etruscan Civilization * Nuragic Civilization * Phoenician / Carthaginian colonies * Magna Graecia

* Ancient Rome

* Kingdom * Republic * Empire

* Middle Ages

* Italy under Odoacer * Ostrogoths * Lombards * Regnum Italiae * Arabs * Normans * Guelphs and Ghibellines * Italian city-states * Maritime republics

* Renaissance

* Italian Wars

* Early Modern period * Unification

* Monarchy and the World Wars

* Kingdom of Italy * Colonial Empire * World War I * Fascist Italy * World War II * Resistance * Civil War

* Republic

* Economic Boom * Years of Lead * Years of Mud * Mani pulite

BY TOPIC

* Citizenship * Currency * Economy * Fashion * Flags * Genetic * Historic states * Military * Music * Postal * Railways

GEOGRAPHY

* Peninsula

* Northern

* Northwest * Northeast

* Central

* Southern

* South * Insular

* Fauna * Flora

* Volcanology

* Volcanoes

* Mountains

* Prealps * Alps * Apennines

* Beaches * Canals * Caves * Earthquakes * Islands * Lakes * National parks * Rivers * Valleys

POLITICS

* Constitution * Elections * Referendums

* Foreign relations

* Missions

* Judiciary * Law enforcement * Military

* Parliament

* Chamber of Deputies * Senate

* Political parties * President * Prime Minister * Council of Ministers * Regions * Provinces * Metropolitan cities * Municipalities * Cities

ECONOMY

* Economic history

* Milan * Naples * Rome * Turin

* Regions by GDP * Automotive industry

* Banking

* Central Bank

* Companies * Energy * Government debt * Science and technology * Stock exchange * Taxation

* Telecommunications

* Internet

* Tourism * Trade unions * Transportation * Welfare

SOCIETY

* Abortion * Adoption * Billionaires * Capital punishment * Corruption * Crime * Demographics

* Education

* Secondary * Higher * Universities

* Emigration * Fathers\' rights movement * Feminism * Gambling * Health * Healthcare * Immigration * LGBT rights * Nobility * Prostitution * Racism * Religion * Smoking * Social class * Terrorism * Women

CULTURE

* Duecento * Trecento * Quattrocento * Cinquecento * Seicento * Settecento

* Architecture * Art * Castles * Cinema

* Cuisine

* Wine

* Decorations * Design * Fashion * Festivals * Folklore * Italophilia * Italophobia

* Languages and dialects

* Italian

* Literature

* Media

* Newspapers * Radio * TV

* Monuments * Mythology

* Music

* Classical * Folk * Opera * Popular

* National symbols

* Anthem * Emblem

* Flag

* Regions

* Personification

* People * Philosophy * Public holidays * Sculpture * Sport * Traditions * World Heritage Sites

* Italy portal * WikiProject * Commons * Quotes * News * Travel * Category

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