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The Info List - Northern And Southern Dynasties


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A dynasty (UK: /ˈdɪnəsti/, US: /ˈdaɪnəsti/) is a sequence of rulers from the same family,[1] usually in the context of a feudal or monarchical system, but sometimes also appearing in elective republics. The dynastic family or lineage may be known as a "house",[2] which may be styled as "royal", "princely", "ducal", "comital", etc., depending upon the chief or present title borne by its members. Historians periodize the histories of many sovereign states, such as Ancient Egypt, the Carolingian Empire
Carolingian Empire
and Imperial China, using a framework of successive dynasties. As such, the term "dynasty" may be used to delimit the era during which the family reigned and to describe events, trends, and artifacts of that period ("a Ming-dynasty vase"). The word "dynasty" itself is often dropped from such adjectival references ("a Ming vase"). Until the 19th century, it was taken for granted that a legitimate function of a monarch was to aggrandize his dynasty: that is, to increase the territory, wealth, and power of his family members.[3] The longest-surviving dynasty in the world is the Imperial House of Japan, the Yamato dynasty, whose reign is traditionally dated to 660 BC. Prior to the 20th century, dynasties throughout the world have traditionally been reckoned patrilineally, such as under the Frankish Salic law. In nations where it was permitted, succession through a daughter usually established a new dynasty in her husband's ruling house. This has changed in some places in Europe, where succession law and convention have maintained dynasties de jure through a female. For example, the House of Windsor
House of Windsor
is maintained through the children of Queen Elizabeth II, similarly with the monarchy of the Netherlands, whose dynasty remained the House of Orange-Nassau
House of Orange-Nassau
through three successive queens regnant. The earliest such example among the major European monarchies was in Russia in the 18th century, where the name of the House of Romanov
House of Romanov
was maintained through a non-ruling female. In South Africa's Limpopo Province, Balobedu determined descent matrilineally, while rulers have at other times adopted the name of their mother's dynasty when coming into her inheritance. Less frequently, a monarchy has alternated or been rotated, in a multidynastic (or polydynastic) system – that is, the most senior living members of parallel dynasties, at any point in time, constitute the line of succession. The word "dynasty" is sometimes used informally for people who are not rulers but are, for example, members of a family with influence and power in other areas, such as a series of successive owners of a major company. It is also extended to unrelated people, such as major poets of the same school or various rosters of a single sports team.[1]

Contents

1 Etymology 2 Dynasts 3 Dynasties by region

3.1 Africa

3.1.1 Chad 3.1.2 Egypt 3.1.3 Ethiopia 3.1.4 Guinea 3.1.5 Madagascar 3.1.6 Morocco 3.1.7 Nigeria 3.1.8 Senegal and Gambia (Senegambia)

3.1.8.1 Senegambian

3.1.9 Somalia 3.1.10 South Africa 3.1.11 Sudan and South Sudan (The Sudan) 3.1.12 Swaziland

3.2 Asia

3.2.1 Afghanistan 3.2.2 Bhutan 3.2.3 Cambodia 3.2.4 China 3.2.5 Central Asia 3.2.6 Middle East 3.2.7 India 3.2.8 Iran (Persia) 3.2.9 Israel

3.2.9.1 Kingdom of Jerusalem

3.2.10 Indonesia 3.2.11 Japan 3.2.12 Korea 3.2.13 Kuwait 3.2.14 Malaysia 3.2.15 Mongolia 3.2.16 Myanmar 3.2.17 Nepal 3.2.18 Philippines 3.2.19 Ryūkyū 3.2.20 Sri Lanka

3.2.20.1 Anuradhapura 3.2.20.2 Polonnaruwa 3.2.20.3 Jaffna 3.2.20.4 Kandy 3.2.20.5 British Ceylon

3.2.21 Saudi Arabia 3.2.22 Tibet 3.2.23 Thailand 3.2.24 United Arab Emirates 3.2.25 Vietnam

3.2.25.1 Champa

3.3 Europe

3.3.1 Austria 3.3.2 Albania 3.3.3 Armenia 3.3.4 Belgium 3.3.5 Bohemia/Czechia

3.3.5.1 Great Moravia 3.3.5.2 Duchy of Bohemia 3.3.5.3 Kingdom of Bohemia

3.3.6 Bosnia 3.3.7 Bulgaria 3.3.8 Barbarians

3.3.8.1 Bavarii 3.3.8.2 Franks 3.3.8.3 Huns 3.3.8.4 Scirii 3.3.8.5 Avars 3.3.8.6 Lombards 3.3.8.7 Ostrogoths 3.3.8.8 Suebi 3.3.8.9 Vandals 3.3.8.10 Visigoths

3.3.9 Byzantine Empire (Eastern Roman Empire) 3.3.10 Croatia 3.3.11 Cyprus 3.3.12 Denmark 3.3.13 France 3.3.14 Georgia 3.3.15 Germany

3.3.15.1 Bavaria 3.3.15.2 Saxony

3.3.16 Greece 3.3.17 Hungary 3.3.18 Monaco 3.3.19 Montenegro 3.3.20 Ireland 3.3.21 Italy 3.3.22 Netherlands 3.3.23 Norway 3.3.24 Poland 3.3.25 Portugal

3.3.25.1 County of Portugal 3.3.25.2 Kingdom of Portugal

3.3.26 Western Roman Empire 3.3.27 Romania

3.3.27.1 Before the Unification 3.3.27.2 Moldavia 3.3.27.3 Wallachia 3.3.27.4 After the Unification

3.3.28 Russia 3.3.29 Serbia 3.3.30 Spain

3.3.30.1 Before the Unification 3.3.30.2 Aragon 3.3.30.3 Asturias 3.3.30.4 Barcelona 3.3.30.5 Castile 3.3.30.6 León 3.3.30.7 Navarre 3.3.30.8 After the Unification (1516)

3.3.31 Sweden 3.3.32 Turkey 3.3.33 Two Sicilies

3.3.33.1 Sicily

3.3.34 British Isles

3.3.34.1 England 3.3.34.2 Wales 3.3.34.3 Ireland 3.3.34.4 Scotland 3.3.34.5 Kingdoms after the Union of the Crowns
Union of the Crowns
(1603–1707) 3.3.34.6 Personal union between Great Britain and Ireland (1707–1801) 3.3.34.7 United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (1801–1921) 3.3.34.8 Personal union of the UK [of GB and NI] and several other Irish states (1921–1949) 3.3.34.9 UK [of GB and NI] (without the personal union with Ireland) (1949–present)

3.4 North America

3.4.1 Mexico

3.5 Central America

3.5.1 Maya States

3.6 South America

3.6.1 Peru 3.6.2 Brazil 3.6.3 Chile

3.7 Caribbean

3.7.1 Haiti

3.8 Oceania

3.8.1 Hawaii 3.8.2 New Zealand Māori 3.8.3 Tahiti 3.8.4 Tonga

4 Political families in Republics 5 Influential/wealthy families 6 See also 7 References

Etymology[edit] The word "dynasty" derives from Latin dynastia, which comes from Greek dynastéia (δυναστεία), where it referred to "power", "dominion", and "rule" itself.[4] It was the abstract noun of dynástēs (δυνάστης),[5] the agent noun of dynamis (δύναμις), "power" or "ability",[6] from dýnamai (δύναμαι), "to be able".[7] Dynasts[edit] A ruler in a dynasty is sometimes referred to as a "dynast", but this term is also used to describe any member of a reigning family who retains a right to succeed to a throne. For example, following his abdication, Edward VIII of the United Kingdom
Edward VIII of the United Kingdom
ceased to be a dynastic member of the House of Windsor. A "dynastic marriage" is one that complies with monarchical house law restrictions, so that the descendants are eligible to inherit the throne or other royal privileges. The marriage of Willem-Alexander, Prince
Prince
of Orange, to Máxima Zorreguieta
Máxima Zorreguieta
in 2002 was dynastic, for example, and their eldest child is expected to inherit the Dutch crown eventually. But the marriage of his younger brother Prince
Prince
Friso to Mabel Wisse Smit
Mabel Wisse Smit
in 2003 lacked government support and parliamentary approval. Thus Friso forfeited his place in the order of succession, lost his title as a Prince
Prince
of the Netherlands, and left his children without dynastic rights. In historical and monarchist references to formerly reigning families, a "dynast" is a family member who would have had succession rights, were the monarchy's rules still in force. For example, after the 1914 assassinations of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria
Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria
and his morganatic wife Sophie von Hohenberg, their son Max was bypassed for the Austrian throne because he was not a Habsburg
Habsburg
dynast. Even since abolition of the Austrian monarchy, Max and his descendants have not been considered the rightful pretenders by Austrian monarchists, nor have they claimed that position. The term "dynast" is sometimes used only to refer to agnatic descendants of a realm's monarchs, and sometimes to include those who hold succession rights through cognatic royal descent. The term can therefore describe overlapping but distinct sets of people. For example, David Armstrong-Jones, 2nd Earl of Snowdon, a nephew of Queen Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II
through her sister, Princess Margaret, is in the line of succession to the British crown: in that sense he is a British dynast. Yet he is not a male-line member of the royal family, and is therefore not a dynast of the House of Windsor. On the other hand, the German aristocrat Ernst August, Prince
Prince
of Hanover (born 1954), a male-line descendant of George III of the United Kingdom, possesses no legal British name, titles or styles (although he is entitled to re-claim the once-royal dukedom of Cumberland), was born in the line of succession to the British crown and was bound by Britain's Royal Marriages Act 1772
Royal Marriages Act 1772
until it was repealed when the Succession to the Crown Act 2013
Succession to the Crown Act 2013
took effect on 26 March 2015.[8] Thus, in 1999 he requested and obtained formal permission from Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II
to marry the Roman Catholic Princess Caroline of Monaco. Yet a clause of the English Act of Settlement 1701 remained in effect at that time, stipulating that dynasts who marry Roman Catholics are considered "dead" for the purpose of succession to the throne.[9] That exclusion, too, ceased to apply on 26 March 2015, with retroactive effect for those who had been dynasts prior to triggering it by marriage to a Catholic.[8] Dynasties by region[edit] Africa[edit] Chad[edit]

Duguwa dynasty (c. 700 – c. 1075) Sayfawa dynasty
Sayfawa dynasty
(c. 1075–1846)

Egypt[edit]

1st dynasty (c. 3050–2890 BC) 2nd dynasty (2890–2686 BC) 3rd dynasty (2686–2613 BC) 4th dynasty (2613–2498 BC) 5th dynasty (2498–2345 BC) 6th dynasty (2345–2181 BC) 7th and 8th dynasties (2181–2160 BC) 9th dynasty (2160–2130 BC) 10th dynasty (2130–2040 BC) 11th dynasty (2134–1991 BC) 12th dynasty (1991–1803 BC) 13th dynasty (1803–1649 BC) 14th dynasty (1705–1690 BC) 15th dynasty (1674–1535 BC) 16th dynasty (1660–1600 BC) 17th dynasty (1650–1549 BC) 18th dynasty (1549–1292 BC) 19th dynasty (1292–1186 BC) 20th dynasty (1186–1069 BC) 21st dynasty (1069–945 BC) 22nd dynasty (945–720 BC) 23rd dynasty (837–728 BC) 24th dynasty (732–720 BC) 25th dynasty (732–653 BC) 26th dynasty (672–525 BC) Achaemenid dynasty (525–404 BC) 28th dynasty (404–398 BC) 29th dynasty (398–380 BC) 30th dynasty (380–343 BC) Achaemenid dynasty (343–332 BC) Argead dynasty
Argead dynasty
(332–309 BC) Ptolemaic Dynasty
Ptolemaic Dynasty
(305–30 BC) Julio-Claudian Dynasty
Dynasty
(27 BC – 68 AD) Flavian Dynasty
Dynasty
(69–96) Nervan-Antonian Dynasty
Dynasty
(96–192) Severan Dynasty
Severan Dynasty
(193–235) Constantinian dynasty (303–336) Valentinian Dynasty (364–457)

House of Theodosius from 379

Leonid dynasty (457–518) Justinian Dynasty
Justinian Dynasty
(518–602) Sassanian dynasty
Sassanian dynasty
(224-651 AD) Heraclian Dynasty
Heraclian Dynasty
(602–695 and 705–711) Muhammad Ali Dynasty
Muhammad Ali Dynasty
(1805–1953)

Ethiopia[edit]

Kingdom of Aksum
Kingdom of Aksum
(c. 100 AD – c. 940 AD) Zagwe dynasty
Zagwe dynasty
(c. 900–1270) Walashma dynasty Solomonic dynasty
Solomonic dynasty
(1270–1974) Mudaito Dynasty (1734–1971)

Guinea[edit]

Keita dynasty (c. 1200–1670)

Madagascar[edit]

Merina Dynasty
Dynasty
(c. 1500–1897)

Morocco[edit]

Idrisid dynasty
Idrisid dynasty
(789–974) Almoravid dynasty
Almoravid dynasty
(1060–1147) Almohad dynasty
Almohad dynasty
(1147–1258) Marinid dynasty
Marinid dynasty
(1258–1465) Wattasid dynasty
Wattasid dynasty
(1471–1554) Saadi dynasty
Saadi dynasty
(1554–1659) Alaouite dynasty
Alaouite dynasty
(1666–present)

Nigeria[edit]

Eri dynasty of the Igbo and Igala peoples Ibn Fodio dynasty of Sokoto and Gwandu Jaja dynasty of Opobu Modibo Adama
Modibo Adama
dynasty of Adamawa el-Kanemi dynasty of Bornu Ooduan dynasty of Ife, Egba, Ketu, Sabe, Oyo, Ijero and the Ilas

Asodeboyede dynasty of Akure (a cadet branch of the Ooduan dynasty)

Ologun Kutere dynasty of Lagos (a cadet branch of the Ooduan dynasty)

Eweka dynasty of Benin (a cadet branch of the Ooduan dynasty)

Sayfawa dynasty
Sayfawa dynasty
of Bornu

Senegal and Gambia (Senegambia)[edit] Senegambian[edit]

Lamanic period

Joof Dynasty

Wagadou (princesses from the Kingdom of Wagadou, later Ghana Empire married into the Serer nobility) (c. 11th century or sooner-1350)

Guelowar
Guelowar
Dynasty
Dynasty
(1350–1969)

Joos (1367–1855), founded by Lingeer Ndoye Demba

Somalia[edit]

Muzaffar Dynasty Gareen Dynasty Walashma Dynasty Gobroon Dynasty Warsangali Dynasty Hobyo Dynasty Majeerteen Dynasty Murusade Dynasty

South Africa[edit]

Zulu Royal Family Rain Queen
Rain Queen
dynasty Transkeian dynasty of the Thembus (which counted Nelson Mandela
Nelson Mandela
as a ranking member)

Sudan and South Sudan (The Sudan)[edit]

House of al-Mahdi (1845 to 1945)

Swaziland[edit]

House of Dlamini

Asia[edit] Afghanistan[edit]

Durrani Dynasty
Dynasty
(1747–1823 and 1839–1842) Barakzai Dynasty
Barakzai Dynasty
(1818–1839, 1842–1929 and 1929–1973) Usurper King
King
(17 January 1929 – 13 October 1929)

Bhutan[edit]

House of Wangchuck
House of Wangchuck
(1907–present)

Cambodia[edit]

Varman Dynasty
Dynasty
(13th century–present)

House of Norodom
House of Norodom
(1860–present) House of Sisowath
House of Sisowath
(1904–present)

China[edit] Main article: Dynasties in Chinese history

Five Emperors (2852–2205 BC, legendary) Xia dynasty
Xia dynasty
(2070–1600 BC) Shang dynasty
Shang dynasty
(1600–1046 BC) Zhou dynasty
Zhou dynasty
(1046–256 BC) Warring States period
Warring States period
(445–221 BC) (Several of the dynasties in the Warring States were descended from the Zhou royal family)[10]

State of Qin State of Qi State of Chu State of Yan State of Han State of Zhao State of Wei State of Jin – Same royal family as Zhou dynasty State of Song
State of Song
(part of warring states) – The rulers of the state of Song were descendants of the Shang royal family.[10] State of Yue
State of Yue
(part of warring states) – The kings of Yue claimed descent from the royal family of the Xia dynasty.[11] State of Wu
State of Wu
– Same royal family as Zhou dynasty State of Ba
State of Ba
(barbarian state, non sinicized)

Qin dynasty
Qin dynasty
(221–206 BC) (The royal family of Qin ruled the State of Qin during warring states) (They also claimed descent from one of the Five emperors, Zhuanxu) Han dynasty
Han dynasty
(206 BC – 220 AD)

Minyue – same royal family as state of yueh – they fled when conquered by Chu and established Minyue, Min yue coexisted with the Warring states period, Qin, and Han dynasty
Han dynasty
until han conquered it. Nanyue
Nanyue
(Southern Yue) – founded by Qin general Zhao Tuo. Xin dynasty
Xin dynasty
(9 AD – 23 AD) – Xin dynasty
Xin dynasty
interrupted the Han dynasty, splitting it into east and west periods

Three Kingdoms
Three Kingdoms
(220–265 AD) (The emperor of Shu was a descendant of the Han dynasty
Han dynasty
royal family)

Cao Wei
Cao Wei
(220–265 AD) Shu Han
Shu Han
(221–263 AD) Eastern Wu
Eastern Wu
(229–280 AD)

Jin dynasty (265–420 AD) Sixteen Kingdoms
Sixteen Kingdoms
(304–439 AD) Southern and Northern Dynasties
Southern and Northern Dynasties
(420–589 AD)

Liu Song dynasty
Liu Song dynasty
(420–479 AD) Southern Qi
Southern Qi
(479–502 AD) Liang dynasty
Liang dynasty
(502–557 AD) Chen dynasty
Chen dynasty
(557–589 AD) Northern Wei
Northern Wei
(controlled northern China to the Huai river) (386–534 AD) Eastern Wei
Eastern Wei
(534–550 AD) Western Wei
Western Wei
(535–557 AD) Northern Qi
Northern Qi
(550–577 AD) Northern Zhou
Northern Zhou
(557–581 AD)

Sui dynasty
Sui dynasty
(581–618 AD) Tang dynasty
Tang dynasty
(618–907 AD) (The Tang Emperors were members of the Li family, descended from a ruler in the Southern and Northern Dynasties)

Second Zhou dynasty
Zhou dynasty
(690–705 AD) Interrupted Tang dynasty

Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period
Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period
(907–960 AD)

Later Liang (907–923 AD) Later Tang
Later Tang
(923–936 AD) Later Jin (936–946 AD) Later Han (947–950 AD) Later Zhou
Later Zhou
(951–960 AD) Former Shu
Former Shu
(907–925 AD) Wu (907–937 AD) Wuyue
Wuyue
(907–978 AD) Chu (907–951 AD) Southern Han
Southern Han
(917–971 AD) Min (909–945 AD) Jingnan
Jingnan
(924–963 AD) Later Shu
Later Shu
(934–965 AD) Southern Tang
Southern Tang
(937–975 AD) Northern Han
Northern Han
(951–979 AD)

Liao dynasty
Liao dynasty
(Khitan) (916–1125 AD) (controlled the 16 prefectures) Song dynasty
Song dynasty
(960–1279 AD) Western Xia
Western Xia
(1038–1227) Jin dynasty (Jurchen) (controlled northern China to the Huai river) (1115–1234) Yuan dynasty
Yuan dynasty
(Mongol) (1271–1368) Ming dynasty
Ming dynasty
(1368–1644) Shun dynasty (1644) Qing dynasty
Qing dynasty
(Manchu) (1644–1912)

Kingdom of Tungning
Kingdom of Tungning
(Taiwan, with Han Chinese rulers) (1662–1683)

Empire of China (1915–1916)

Central Asia[edit]

Tamerlane Timurid Ghaznavid Empire Ghurid Empire Ottoman Empire Seljuk Empire Durrani dynasty Chagatai Khanate Moghulistan Hotak dynasty Sur dynasty Mamluk dynasty Khalji dynasty Khwarazmian dynasty Samanid dynasty

Middle East[edit]

Sargonid dynasty Rashidun Caliphate Umayyad Caliphate Abbasid Caliphate Tulunids Mamelukes Fatimid dynasty Ottoman Sultanate Uyunid dynasty

India[edit]

Brihadratha dynasty (1760–831 BC) Pradyota dynasty (832–667 BC) Haryanka dynasty
Haryanka dynasty
(667–412 BC) Shishunaga dynasty
Shishunaga dynasty
(413–345 BC) Nanda dynasty
Nanda dynasty
(345–321 BC) Maurya dynasty
Maurya dynasty
(322–185 BC) Shunga dynasty
Shunga dynasty
(185–73 BC) Kanva dynasty
Kanva dynasty
(75–26 BC) Satavahana dynasty
Satavahana dynasty
(230 BC – 220 AD) Chera dynasty
Chera dynasty
(300 BC – 1200 AD) Chola dynasty
Chola dynasty
(278 BC – 1279 AD) Pandya dynasty
Pandya dynasty
(300 BC – 1345 AD) Pallava
Pallava
dynasty (250 BC – 800 AD) Kushāṇa dynasty (60–240 AD) Vakataka dynasty
Vakataka dynasty
(250–500) Gupta dynasty
Gupta dynasty
(280–550) Kadamba dynasty
Kadamba dynasty
(345–525) Western Ganga dynasty (350–1000) Vishnukundina
Vishnukundina
dynasty (420–624) Harsha dynasty (606–647) Shahi dynasty (6th to 12th century) Chalukya dynasty
Chalukya dynasty
(6th to 12th century) Rajput dynasties (7th to 20th century) Pratihara dynasty (650–1036) Pala dynasty (750–1174) Rashtrakuta dynasty
Rashtrakuta dynasty
(753–982) Paramara dynasty
Paramara dynasty
(800–1327) Yadava dynasty
Yadava dynasty
(850–1334) Chaulukya dynasty
Chaulukya dynasty
(942–1244) Hoysala dynasty (1040–1346) Sena dynasty
Sena dynasty
(1070–1230) Eastern Ganga dynasty
Eastern Ganga dynasty
(1078–1434) Kakatiya dynasty
Kakatiya dynasty
(1083–1323) Travancore dynasty (1102–1949) Ahom dynasty (1228–1826) Sultanate dynasties (1206–1526) Vijayanagara dynasty (1336–1646) Mughal dynasty (1526–1857) Maratha dynasty (1674–1818) Wadiyar dynasty (1399–1947)

Iran (Persia)[edit]

Median dynasty Achaemenid dynasty Parthian dynasty Sasanian dynasty Dabuyid dynasty Bavand dynasty Paduspanid dynasty Ziyarid dynasty Saffarid dynasty Samanid dynasty Ghaznavid dynasty Buyid dynasty Kakuyid dynasty Ghurid dynasty Seljuq dynasty Khwarazmian dynasty Ilkhanate
Ilkhanate
dynasty Jalayrid dynasty Sarbadar dynasty Chobanid dynasty Muzaffarid dynasty Timurid dynasty Safavid dynasty Hotaki dynasty Afsharid dynasty Zand dynasty Qajar dynasty Pahlavi dynasty

Israel[edit]

Davidic Dynasty Omride Dynasty Hasmonean Dynasty Achaemenid dynasty (343–332 BC) Argead dynasty
Argead dynasty
(332–309 BC) Ptolemaic Dynasty
Ptolemaic Dynasty
(305–30 BC) Herodian Dynasty Julio-Claudian Dynasty
Dynasty
(27 BC – AD 68) Flavian Dynasty
Dynasty
(69–96) Nervan-Antonian Dynasty
Dynasty
(96–192) Severan Dynasty
Severan Dynasty
(193–235) Constantinian dynasty (303–336) Valentinian Dynasty (364–457)

House of Theodosius from 379

Leonid dynasty (457–518) Justinian Dynasty
Justinian Dynasty
(518–602) Heraclian Dynasty
Heraclian Dynasty
(602–695 and 705–711)

Kingdom of Jerusalem[edit]

House of Boulogne (1099–1118) House of Rethel (1118–1153) House of Anjou (1153–1205) Houses of Aleramici
Aleramici
and Brienne (1205–1228) House of Hohenstaufen
House of Hohenstaufen
(1228–1268) House of Lusignan
House of Lusignan
(1186–1192)(1268–1485)

Indonesia[edit]

Sailendra
Sailendra
dynasty, Medang kingdom
Medang kingdom
and Srivijaya
Srivijaya
empire Sanjaya dynasty, Medang kingdom
Medang kingdom
( Central Java
Central Java
period) Isyana dynasty, Medang kingdom
Medang kingdom
( East Java
East Java
period), Kahuripan kingdom, Janggala
Janggala
and Kediri kingdom Mauli dynasty, Dharmasraya and Pagaruyung
Pagaruyung
kingdoms Rajasa dynasty, Singhasari kingdom
Singhasari kingdom
(1222–1292) and Majapahit
Majapahit
empire (1293 – ca. 1500) Four successor dynasties to Sultanate of Mataram : Pakubuwono, Hamengkubuwono, Paku Alaman, and Mangkunegaran
Mangkunegaran
(18th century – present)

Japan[edit]

Yamato dynasty, Imperial house of Japan (660 BC (legendary) – present, with power fluctuating between absolute ruler to ceremonial figurehead to constitutional monarch)

Korea[edit]

Gojoseon
Gojoseon
(2333 BC (legendary) – 108 BC)

Wiman Joseon
Wiman Joseon
(194 BC – 108 BC)

Three Kingdoms
Three Kingdoms
of Korea (57 BC – 668 AD)

Silla
Silla
(57 BC – 935 AD) Goguryeo
Goguryeo
(37 BC – 668 AD) Baekje
Baekje
(18 BC – 660 AD)

North-South States (698–892 AD)

Unified Silla
Silla
(668–892 AD) Balhae
Balhae
(698–926 AD)

Later Three Kingdoms
Three Kingdoms
(892–936 AD)

Silla
Silla
(57 BC – 935 AD) Taebong
Taebong
(901–918 AD) Later Baekje
Baekje
(892–936 AD)

Goryeo
Goryeo
dynasty (918–1392 AD) Joseon
Joseon
dynasty (1392–1897) – Korean Empire
Korean Empire
(1897–1910)

Kuwait[edit]

House of Sabah
House of Sabah
(1718 – present)

Malaysia[edit]

Langkasuka
Langkasuka
dynasty / Perlis (2nd century – present) Kedah Tua/Kataha dynasty – Sultanate of Kedah (5th century – present) Gangga Negara
Gangga Negara
dynasty (9th century) Malacca Malay sultanate (1400–1511) Johor Malay sultanate (1528–1699) Johor Malay Sultanate (Temenggong monarchy (1699–present) Perak Malay Sultanate (1528–present)

Mongolia[edit]

Borjigin
Borjigin
dynasty of the Mongol Empire
Mongol Empire
(1206–1368)

Yuan dynasty
Yuan dynasty
(1271–1368) Northern Yuan dynasty
Yuan dynasty
(1368–1635)

Aisin Gioro
Aisin Gioro
dynasty (Manchu) (1644–1912)

Myanmar[edit]

Pyu dynasty (c. 3000 BC – c. 400 AD) Sarekhitara dynasty (c. 400 – 1044) Bagan dynasty (1044–1287) Pinya dynasty (1287–1365) Innwa dynasty (1365–1486) Toungoo dynasty
Toungoo dynasty
(1486–1752) Nyaung Yan dynasty (1752–1824) Konbaung dynasty
Konbaung dynasty
(1824–1885)

Nepal[edit]

Lichchhavi Dynasty(400–750) Malla Dynasty(1201–1769) Shah dynasty
Shah dynasty
(1768–2008) Thapa dynasty
Thapa dynasty
(1806–1837 & 1843–1845)1 Rana dynasty
Rana dynasty
(1846–1951)1

^ Not truly dynasty but did hold reputation of dynasty, they ruled under Shah Dynasty.

Philippines[edit] Royal families

Malay Dynasties

The Datu
Datu
Puti Lineage (Ruled the defunct Confederation of Madya-as) (13th century – 1565)

Hindu dynasties

The Lakandula Dynasty
Dynasty
(Ruled the defunct Kingdom of Tondo) (1150–1589) The House of Tupas (Ruled the defunct Rajahnate of Cebu) (up to 1565) The House of Sri Bata Shaja (Ruled the defunct Rajahnate of Butuan) (989–1586)

Muslim dynasties

The Ud-Din Royal Hashemite
Hashemite
Family (A dynasty which ruled the Maguinadanao Sultanate) (1480–1830) The Kiram Royal Hashemite
Hashemite
Family (Rules the Sulu Sultanate) (1823 – present) The Sultan
Sultan
Diagaborola Balindong Bsar Lineage (Ruled the Lanao Confederation of sultanates in Lanao)

Ryūkyū[edit]

Shunten
Shunten
Dynasty
Dynasty
(1187–1259) Eiso dynasty (1260–1349) Hokuzan
Hokuzan
(1314–1419) Chuzan
Chuzan
(1314–1429) Nanzan
Nanzan
(1314–1429) First Shō Dynasty
Dynasty
(1406–1469) Second Shō Dynasty
Dynasty
(1469–1879)

Sri Lanka[edit] Anuradhapura[edit]

House of Vijaya
House of Vijaya
(543 BC-66 AD) House of Lambakanna I (66–436) House of Moriya (463–691) House of Lambakanna II (691–1017) Chola dynasty
Chola dynasty
(993–1077)

Polonnaruwa[edit]

House of Vijayabahu (1056–1187, 1197–1200, 1209–1210, 1211–1212) House of Kalinga (1187–1197, 1200–1209)

Jaffna[edit]

Aryacakravarti dynasty
Aryacakravarti dynasty
(1215–1619)

Kandy[edit]

House of Dinajara (1590–1739) Nayaks of Kandy
Nayaks of Kandy
(1739–1815)

British Ceylon[edit]

House of Hanover
House of Hanover
(1815–1901) House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
(1901–1917) House of Windsor
House of Windsor
(1917–1972)

Saudi Arabia[edit]

House of Saud
House of Saud
(1744–present)

Tibet[edit]

Pre-imperial and imperial Yarlung Dynasty
Dynasty
(up to 842) Yuan dynasty
Yuan dynasty
(Mongol, c. 1270–1354; locally ruled by Sakya
Sakya
lamas and dpon-chens) Phagmodrupa Dynasty
Phagmodrupa Dynasty
(1354–1642) Rinpungpa
Rinpungpa
Dynasty
Dynasty
(1435–1565) Tsangpa
Tsangpa
Dynasty
Dynasty
(1565–1642) Ganden Phodrang
Ganden Phodrang
(1642–1959; locally ruled by Dalai Lamas but under Mongol or Chinese overlordship during most of the period) Khoshut Khanate
Khoshut Khanate
(Mongol, 1642–1717) Qing dynasty
Qing dynasty
(Manchu, 1720–1912)

Thailand[edit]

Lavachakkaraj dynasty (638–1292) Phra Ruang dynasty (1238–1438) Mangrai dynasty (1296–1558) Uthong dynasty (1350–1370), (1388–1409) Suphannaphum dynasty (1370–1388), (1409–1569) Sukhothai dynasty (1569–1629) Prasart Thong dynasty (1629–1688) Baan Plu Luang dynasty (1688–1767) Tipchakratiwong dynasty (Seven princes dynasty) (Lanna Kingdom) (1732–1932) Thonburi dynasty (1767–1782) Chakri dynasty
Chakri dynasty
(1782 onwards)

United Arab Emirates[edit]

House of Al-Falasi
House of Al-Falasi
(1833–present) Al Nahyan family
Al Nahyan family
(1761–present) Al Qasimi Al Nuaim Al Sharqi

Vietnam[edit]

Hồng Bàng Dynasty
Hồng Bàng Dynasty
(2879–258 BC)

Càn line (2879–2794 BC) Khảm line (2793–2525 BC) Cấn line (2524–2253 BC) Chấn line (2254–1913 BC) Tốn line (1912–1713 BC) Ly line (1712–1632 BC) Khôn line (1631–1432 BC) Đoài line (1431–1332 BC) Giáp line (1331–1252 BC) Ất line (1251–1162 BC) Bính line (1161–1055 BC) Đinh line (1054–969 BC) Mậu line (968–854 BC) Kỷ line (853–755 BC) Canh line (754–661 BC) Tân line (660–569 BC) Nhâm line (568–409 BC) Qúy line (408–258 BC)

Thục Dynasty
Thục Dynasty
(257–207 BC) Triệu Dynasty
Triệu Dynasty
(207–111 BC) Han Dynasty
Han Dynasty
(Chinese) (111 BC – 39 AD and 43–220) Trưng Sisters
Trưng Sisters
(40–43) Eastern Wu
Eastern Wu
Dynasty
Dynasty
(Chinese) (229–265 and 271–280) Jin Dynasty
Dynasty
(Chinese) (265–271 and 280–420) Liu Song Dynasty
Liu Song Dynasty
(Chinese) (420–479) Southern Qi
Southern Qi
Dynasty
Dynasty
(Chinese) (479–502) Liang Dynasty
Liang Dynasty
(Chinese) (502–544) Early Lý Dynasty
Early Lý Dynasty
(544–602) Sui Dynasty
Sui Dynasty
(Chinese) (602–618) Tang Dynasty
Tang Dynasty
(Chinese) (618–905) Khúc Family
Khúc Family
(905–930) Ngô Dynasty
Ngô Dynasty
(939–967) Đinh Dynasty
Đinh Dynasty
(968–980) Early Lê Dynasty
Early Lê Dynasty
(980–1009) Later Lý Dynasty
Later Lý Dynasty
(1009–1225) Trần Dynasty
Trần Dynasty
(1225–1400) Hồ Dynasty
Hồ Dynasty
(1400–1407) Later Trần Dynasty
Trần Dynasty
(1407–1413) Ming Dynasty
Ming Dynasty
(Chinese) (1414–1427) Later Lê Dynasty
Later Lê Dynasty
(1428–1527 and 1533–1788) Mạc Dynasty
Mạc Dynasty
(1527–1677) Trịnh Lords
Trịnh Lords
(1545–1787) Nguyễn Lords
Nguyễn Lords
(1558–1777) Tây Sơn Dynasty
Tây Sơn Dynasty
(1778–1802) Nguyễn Dynasty
Nguyễn Dynasty
(1802–1945)

Champa[edit]

1st dynasty (192–336) 2nd dynasty (336–420) 3rd dynasty (420–529) 4th dynasty (529–758) 5th dynasty (758–854) 6th dynasty (854–989) 7th dynasty (989–1044) 8th dynasty (1044–1074) 9th dynasty (1074–1139) 10th dynasty (1139–1145) 11th dynasty (1145–1190) 12th dynasty (1190–1318) 13th dynasty (1318–1390) 14th dynasty (1390–1458) 15th dynasty (1458–1471) vacant (1471–1695) Dynasty
Dynasty
of Po Saktiraidaputih (1695–1822)

Europe[edit] Austria[edit]

House of Babenberg
House of Babenberg
(976–1246) House of Habsburg
Habsburg
(1273–1780) House of Habsburg-Lorraine (1780–1918)

Albania[edit]

Progon Dynasty (1190–1216) Capetian House of Anjou
Capetian House of Anjou
(1272–1368) Kastrioti
Kastrioti
(1444–1468) Wied
Wied
(1914) Zogu
Zogu
(1928–1939)

Armenia[edit]

Orontid Dynasty Artaxiad Dynasty
Artaxiad Dynasty
or the Artashesi Dynasty
Dynasty
(189 BC-12 AD) Arsacid Dynasty
Dynasty
or the Arshakuni Dynasty
Dynasty
(54–428) Bagratuni Dynasty
Bagratuni Dynasty
or the Bagratid Dynasty
Dynasty
of Armenia (885–1045) Rubenid Dynasty
Rubenid Dynasty
of the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia
Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia
(1080–1225) House of Lusignan, the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia
Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia
(1342–1467)

Belgium[edit]

House of Flanders
House of Flanders
(rulers of various entities in the Southern Netherlands
Netherlands
and Crusader states
Crusader states
863–1280) House of Reginar
House of Reginar
(rulers of various entities in the Southern Netherlands
Netherlands
c. 770–1406) House of Burgundy (1384–1482) House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
(1831–present)

Bohemia/Czechia[edit] See also: List of Czech monarchs See also: Czech lands Great Moravia[edit]

Moymirid dynasty (c.830–906?)

Duchy of Bohemia[edit]

Přemyslid dynasty
Přemyslid dynasty
(c. 870–1198)

Kingdom of Bohemia[edit]

Přemyslid dynasty
Přemyslid dynasty
(1085–1092, 1158–1172, 1198–1306; heredity of the royal title established in 1212) House of Gorizia
House of Gorizia
(1306, 1307–1310) House of Habsburg
Habsburg
(1306–1307, 1437–1439, 1453–1457, 1526–1780) House of Luxembourg
House of Luxembourg
(1310–1437; Lands of the Bohemian Crown established in 1348) House of Poděbrady (1457–1471) House of Hunyadi (1469–1490; in opposition to the House of Poděbrady and from 1471 to the House of Jagiellon; never crowned) House of Jagiellon (1471–1526) House of Wittelsbach
House of Wittelsbach
(1619–1620, 1741–1743; in opposition to the House of Habsburg) House of Habsburg-Lorraine (1780–1918)

Bosnia[edit]

House of Boričević (1154–1163) House of Kulinić (1163–1250) House of Kotromanić
House of Kotromanić
(1250–1463) House of Berislavić (1463–1527)

Bulgaria[edit]

House of Dulo (632–753)

Krum's dynasty
Krum's dynasty
(777–976/997) Cometopuli dynasty
Cometopuli dynasty
(976/997–1018)

House of Asen (1187–1280) House of Terter
Terter
(1280–1331) House of Sratsimir (1331–1422) Battenberg family
Battenberg family
(1878–1886) House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
(1886–1947)

Barbarians[edit] Bavarii[edit]

Agilolfing dynasty

Franks[edit]

Merovingian dynasty
Merovingian dynasty
(481–751) Carolingian dynasty
Carolingian dynasty
(751–843) Arnulfings or Pippinids, mayors of the palaces. Ancestors of the Carolingians.

Huns[edit] This is a list of rulers of the Huns. Period Ruler

Vund c. 360 Balamber 360–378 Baltazár (Alypbi) 378–390 Uldin (Khan of the Western Huns) 390–410 Donatus (Khan of the Eastern Black Sea Huns & beyond) 410–412 Charaton (Aksungur) 412–422 Octar[1] 422–432 Rugila 432–434 Bleda with Attila c. 434 – c. 445 Attila "the Hun" c. 434–453 Ellac 453 – c. 455 Tuldila fl. c. 457 Dengizich (Sabirs attack c. 460–463) ?-469 with Hernach/BelkErmak Hernach/BelkErmak[2] 469–503 House of Dulo Bulgaria (390–503) A Nominalia of the Bulgarian khans genealogy claims that the Dulo clan
Dulo clan
is descended from Attila the Hun.

Scirii[edit]

Edeko Odoacer
Odoacer
(435–493), was the 5th-century King
King
of Italy

Avars[edit] Lombards[edit] See also: Early kings of the Lombards

Lething Dynasty (until early 6th century) Gausian Dynasty (546–572) Arodingian Dynasty
Dynasty
(635–653) Bavarian Dynasty (615–635, 653–712)

Ostrogoths[edit]

Amal Dynasty (before 474–536)

Suebi[edit]

Suebic Dynasty
Dynasty
(409–585)

Vandals[edit]

Hasdingi (before 407–534)

Visigoths[edit]

Balthi Dynasty
Dynasty
(395–531)

Byzantine Empire (Eastern Roman Empire)[edit]

Constantinian dynasty (303–336) Valentinian Dynasty (364–457)

House of Theodosius from 379

Leonid dynasty (457–518) Justinian Dynasty
Justinian Dynasty
(518–602) Heraclian Dynasty
Heraclian Dynasty
(602–695 and 705–711) Isaurian Dynasty
Isaurian Dynasty
(717–802) Phrygian Dynasty
Phrygian Dynasty
(820–867) Macedonian Dynasty
Macedonian Dynasty
(867–1056) Komnenid Dynasty
Dynasty
(1057–1059 and 1081–1185) Doukid Dynasty
Dynasty
(1059–1081) Angelid Dynasty
Dynasty
(1185–1204) Laskarid Dynasty
Dynasty
(1204–1261), in exile in Nicaea Palaiologid Dynasty
Dynasty
(1261–1453)

Croatia[edit]

Trpimirović Dynasty
Dynasty
(845–1091) Árpád Dynasty
Dynasty
(c. 1102 – 1301) Přemyslid
Přemyslid
Dynasty
Dynasty
(1301–1305) House of Wittelsbach
House of Wittelsbach
(1305–1308) Capetian Dynasty, House of Anjou (1308–1395) House of Luxemburg
House of Luxemburg
(1387–1437) Habsburg
Habsburg
Dynasty
Dynasty
(1437–1457) Jagiellonian
Jagiellonian
Dynasty
Dynasty
(1440–1526) Zápolya
Zápolya
Dynasty
Dynasty
(1526–1571) Habsburg
Habsburg
Dynasty
Dynasty
(1526–1918)

Cyprus[edit]

House of Lusignan
House of Lusignan
(1192–1489)

Denmark[edit] See also: List of Danish monarchs (1448 – present)

House of Oldenburg
House of Oldenburg
(1448–1863)

House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
(1863 to the present)

France[edit]

Carolingian Dynasty
Carolingian Dynasty
(843–987) Capetian Dynasty
Capetian Dynasty
(987–1792, 1814–1848)

Direct Capetians (987–1328) House of Valois
House of Valois
(1328–1589)

Direct House of Valois
House of Valois
(1328–1498) House of Valois- Orléans
Orléans
(1498–1515) House of Valois-Angoulême (1515–1589)

House of Bourbon
House of Bourbon
(1589–1792 and 1814–1848)

House of Bourbon- Vendôme
Vendôme
(1589–1792, 1814–1830) House of Bourbon- Orléans
Orléans
(1830–1848)

Bonaparte Dynasty
Dynasty
(1804–1814 and 1852–1870)

Georgia[edit]

Pharnabazid Dynasty
Pharnabazid Dynasty
(299–90 BC, 30 BC – 189 AD) Artaxiad Dynasty
Artaxiad Dynasty
(90–30 BC) Arsacid Dynasty
Dynasty
(189–284 AD) Chosroid Dynasty (284–580, 627–684)

Guaramid Dynasty (588–627, 684–748, 779–786)

Nersianid Dynasty (748–780) House of Bagration (813–1810)

Germany[edit]

Carolingian Dynasty
Carolingian Dynasty
(843–911) Conradines (911–918) Ottonian Dynasty
Ottonian Dynasty
(919–1024) Salian Dynasty
Salian Dynasty
or Franconian Dynasty
Dynasty
(1024–1125) Supplinburg Dynasty
Dynasty
(1125–1137) House of Hohenstaufen
House of Hohenstaufen
(1137–1254) House of Habsburg
Habsburg
(1273–1291, 1298–1308, and 1438–1740)

House of Lorraine
House of Lorraine
(1745–1806)

House of Nassau
House of Nassau
(1292–1298) House of Luxemburg
House of Luxemburg
(1308–1313, 1347–1400, and 1410–1437) House of Wittelsbach
House of Wittelsbach
(1314–1347, 1400–1410, and 1742–1745) House of Hohenzollern
House of Hohenzollern
(1871–1918)

Bavaria[edit]

Liutpolding Dynasty
Dynasty
(889–947) Ottonian Dynasty
Ottonian Dynasty
(947–1017) House of Luxembourg
House of Luxembourg
(1017–1026, 1039–1047) Salian Dynasty
Salian Dynasty
(1026–1039, 1053–1061) House of Welf
House of Welf
(1070–1138, 1156–1180) House of Babenberg
House of Babenberg
(1138–1156) House of Wittelsbach
House of Wittelsbach
(1180–1918)

Saxony[edit]

Liudolfing Dynasty
Dynasty
(843–961) Billung Dynasty (961–1106) Supplinburger Dynasty
Supplinburger Dynasty
(1106–1127) House of Welf
House of Welf
(1127–1138, 1142–1180) Ascanian Dynasty
Ascanian Dynasty
(1138–1142, 1180–1422) Wettin Dynasty
Wettin Dynasty
(1422–1918)

Greece[edit]

House of Wittelsbach
House of Wittelsbach
(1832-1862) House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
(1862-1924, 1935-1973)

Hungary[edit]

Árpád Dynasty
Dynasty
(c. 895 – 1301) Samuel Aba of Hungary
Samuel Aba of Hungary
Aba – Árpád Dynasty
Dynasty
(1038–1044) Přemyslid
Přemyslid
Dynasty
Dynasty
(1301–1305) House of Wittelsbach
House of Wittelsbach
(1305–1308) Capetian Dynasty, House of Anjou (1308–1395) House of Luxemburg
House of Luxemburg
(1387–1437) Matthias Corvinus, House of Hunyadi (1458–1490) Habsburg
Habsburg
Dynasty
Dynasty
(1437–1457, 1526–1918) Jagiellonian
Jagiellonian
Dynasty
Dynasty
(1440–1526) Zápolya
Zápolya
Dynasty
Dynasty
(1526–1571)

Monaco[edit]

House of Grimaldi

Montenegro[edit]

Petrović-Njegoš dynasty
Petrović-Njegoš dynasty
(1696–1918) Karađorđević dynasty
Karađorđević dynasty
(1918–1941)

Ireland[edit]

MacCarthy (Mac Cárthsigh) O'Brien (978–1542) O'Conor Don
O'Conor Don
(Ó Conchubhair Donn) O'Donnell (Ó Domhnaill)(1200–1601) O'Neill (Ó Néill) Airgíalla
Airgíalla
(331–1585) Bréifne (700–1256) Uí Briúin Connachta Uí Fiachrach (5th century – 17th century) Uí Maine
Uí Maine
(357–1611) Desmumu Eóganachta Laigin Uí Chennselaig Mide Tuadmumu Dál gCais Uí Néill Cenél Conaill (Northern) Cenél nEógain (Northern) Ulaid
Ulaid
(before 450 – 1177) Dál Fiatach

Italy[edit]

House of Savoy
House of Savoy
(1861–1946)

Netherlands[edit]

House of Orange
House of Orange
(1544 – present)

Norway[edit]

Fairhair Dynasty
Dynasty
(890–1319) Hardrada dynasty (1046–1135) Sverre dynasty
Sverre dynasty
(1184–1319) House of Lade (1028–1035) House of Oldenburg
House of Oldenburg
(1450–1319) House of Bernadotte
House of Bernadotte
(1818–1905) House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
(1905 to the present)

Poland[edit]

Piast Dynasty
Dynasty
(9th century-1296 and 1306–1370) Přemyslid
Přemyslid
Dynasty
Dynasty
(1291–1306) Capetian Dynasty, House of Anjou (1370–1399) Jagiellonian
Jagiellonian
Dynasty
Dynasty
(1386–1572 and 1575–1586) Valois Dynasty
Valois Dynasty
(1573–1574) House of Báthory
Báthory
(1576–1586) House of Vasa
House of Vasa
(1587–1668) House of Wiśniowiecki
Wiśniowiecki
(1669–1673) House of Sobieski
House of Sobieski
(1674–1696) Wettin Dynasty
Wettin Dynasty
(1697–1706, 1709–1733 and 1736–1764) House of Leszczyński
Leszczyński
(1704–1709 and 1733–1736) House of Poniatowski
Poniatowski
(1764–1795)

Portugal[edit] County of Portugal[edit]

House of Vímara Peres
Vímara Peres
(868–1071) Portuguese House of Burgundy
Portuguese House of Burgundy
(1093–1139)

Kingdom of Portugal[edit]

Portuguese House of Burgundy
Portuguese House of Burgundy
or Afonsine Dynasty
Dynasty
(1139–1383) House of Aviz
House of Aviz
or Joannine Dynasty
Dynasty
(1385–1580) House of Habsburg
Habsburg
or Philippine Dynasty
Philippine Dynasty
(1581–1640) House of Braganza
House of Braganza
or Brigantine Dynasty
Dynasty
(1640–1910)

Western Roman Empire[edit]

Julio-Claudian Dynasty
Dynasty
(27 BC – AD 68) Flavian Dynasty
Dynasty
(69–96) Nervan-Antonian Dynasty
Dynasty
(96–192) Severan Dynasty
Severan Dynasty
(193–235) Constantinian dynasty (303–363) Valentinian Dynasty (364–457)

House of Theodosius from 379—476

Romania[edit] Before the Unification[edit] Moldavia[edit]

House of Dragoș
House of Dragoș
(1345–1364) House of Bogdan-Mușat Movilești House of Drăculești House of Rossetti Ghica family Cantacuzino family Cantemirești Racoviță Mavrocordatos family Ypsilantis Soutzos family Mourousis family House of Cuza

Wallachia[edit]

House of Basarab House of Bogdan-Mușat Movilești House of Drăculești House of Rossetti Ghica family Cantacuzino family Cantemirești Racoviță Mavrocordatos family Ypsilantis Soutzos family Mourousis family House of Cuza

After the Unification[edit]

House of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (1866–1947)

Russia[edit]

Rurik dynasty
Rurik dynasty
(862–1598, 1606–1610) Romanov dynasty
Romanov dynasty
(1613–1762) House of Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov, called Romanov
Romanov
(1762–1917)

Serbia[edit]

Vlastimirović dynasty
Vlastimirović dynasty
(610–960) Vojislavljević dynasty
Vojislavljević dynasty
(1034–1186) Vukanović dynasty (1083–1166) Nemanjić dynasty
Nemanjić dynasty
(1166–1371) Lazarević dynasty
Lazarević dynasty
(1371–1427) Branković dynasty
Branković dynasty
(1427–1502) Karađorđević dynasty
Karađorđević dynasty
(1811–13, 1842–58 and 1903–41) Obrenović dynasty
Obrenović dynasty
(1815–42 and 1858–1903)

Spain[edit] Before the Unification[edit] Aragon[edit]

Jiménez Dynasty (1035–1162) House of Barcelona (1162–1410) House of Trastámara
House of Trastámara
(1412–1516)

Asturias[edit]

Astur-Leonese dynasty
Astur-Leonese dynasty
(718–925)

Barcelona[edit]

House of Barcelona (878–1410) House of Trastámara
House of Trastámara
(1412–1516)

Castile[edit]

House of Lara (930–1032), counts Jiménez Dynasty (1035–1126), kings Anscarids
Anscarids
(House of Ivrea) (1126–1369) House of Trastámara
House of Trastámara
(1369–1516)

León[edit]

Astur-Leonese dynasty
Astur-Leonese dynasty
(910–1037) Jiménez Dynasty (1037–1126) Anscarids
Anscarids
(House of Ivrea) (1126–1369) House of Trastámara
House of Trastámara
(1369–1516)

Navarre[edit]

House of Íñiguez (824–905) Jiménez Dynasty (905–1234) House of Champagne (1234–1305) House of Capet
House of Capet
(1284–1349) House of Évreux
House of Évreux
(1328–1441) House of Trastámara
House of Trastámara
(1425–1479) House of Foix
House of Foix
(1479–1516) House of Albret (1483–1572) House of Bourbon
House of Bourbon
(1572–1620)

After the Unification (1516)[edit]

House of Habsburg
Habsburg
(1516–1700) House of Bourbon
House of Bourbon
(1700–1808, 1813–1868, 1874–1931, and 1975 to the present) House of Bonaparte
House of Bonaparte
(1808–1813) House of Savoy
House of Savoy
(1870–1873)

Sweden[edit]

House of Uppsala
Uppsala
(970–1060) House of Stenkil
House of Stenkil
(1060–1130) House of Sverker
House of Sverker
(1130–1222), interspersed with House of Eric House of Eric
House of Eric
(1156–1250), interspersed with House of Sverker House of Bjälbo or Folkung
Folkung
Dynasty
Dynasty
(1248–1387) House of Vasa
House of Vasa
(1521–1654) House of Wittelsbach, Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Kleeburg (1654–1720) House of Hesse
House of Hesse
(1720–1751) House of Holstein-Gottorp (1751–1818) House of Bernadotte
House of Bernadotte
(1818 to the present)

Turkey[edit]

Seljuq Dynasty
Seljuq Dynasty
(1077–1307) Ottoman Dynasty
Ottoman Dynasty
(1281–1923)

Two Sicilies[edit] Sicily[edit]

House of Hauteville
House of Hauteville
(1071–1198), counts until 1130 House of Hohenstaufen
House of Hohenstaufen
(1194–1266) House of Capet, House of Anjou (1266–1282) House of Barcelona (1282–1410) House of Trastámara
House of Trastámara
(1412–1516) House of Habsburg
Habsburg
(1516–1700 and 1720–1735) House of Bourbon
House of Bourbon
(1700–1713) House of Savoy
House of Savoy
(1713–1720) House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
(1735–1861)

British Isles[edit] England[edit]

House of Wessex
House of Wessex
(802–1016 and 1042–1066) House of Denmark (1013–1014 and 1016–1042) Norman Dynasty
Norman Dynasty
(1066–1154) House of Plantagenet
House of Plantagenet
(1154–1485)

House of Anjou (1154–1215) House of Lancaster
House of Lancaster
(1399–1461 and 1470–1471) (Throne merged with Irish) House of York
House of York
(1461–1470 and 1471–1485)

House of Tudor
House of Tudor
(1485–1603) (Throne merged with Scottish)

Wales[edit]

House of Manaw ('Men of the North', Rhodri the Great)

House of Aberffraw
House of Aberffraw
of Gwynedd and Wales, c. 878 – 1282, Conquered by Edward I of England 1282, Annexed into England with Laws in Wales Acts 1535–1542 House of Dinefwr
House of Dinefwr
of Deheubarth, c. 878 – 1216, mediatized into Gwynedd and Wales under Llywelyn I

House of Mathrafal
House of Mathrafal
of Powys

House of Morgannwg

Ireland[edit]

De'voy Crowley Burke Clanricarde House of Plantagenet
House of Plantagenet
(1154–1485)

Angevin kings of England
Angevin kings of England
(1154–1215) House of Lancaster
House of Lancaster
(1399–1461 and 1470–1471) (Throne merged with English)

Scotland[edit]

House of Alpin (843–1034) House of Dunkeld (1034–1040, 1058–1286) House of Moray (1040–1058) House of Baliol (1292–1296) (see Belgium, Flanders) House of Plantagenet House of Bruce
House of Bruce
(1306–1371) House of Stuart
House of Stuart
(1371–1603) (Throne merged with English)

Kingdoms after the Union of the Crowns
Union of the Crowns
(1603–1707)[edit] The crown of the Kingdom of England and Ireland merged with that of the Kingdom of Scotland to form a personal union between England-Ireland and Scotland (the former a personal union itself)

House of Stuart
House of Stuart
(1603–1707)

Personal union between Great Britain and Ireland (1707–1801)[edit]

House of Stuart
House of Stuart
(1707–1714) House of Hanover
House of Hanover
(1714–1801)

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (1801–1921)[edit]

House of Hanover
House of Hanover
(1801–1901) House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
(1901–1917) House of Windsor
House of Windsor
(1917–1921)

Personal union of the UK [of GB and NI] and several other Irish states (1921–1949)[edit]

House of Windsor
House of Windsor
(1921–1949)

UK [of GB and NI] (without the personal union with Ireland) (1949–present)[edit]

House of Windsor
House of Windsor
(1949–present)

North America[edit]

Powhatan Chiefdom
Powhatan Chiefdom
(?-1646) Sachem (?-1676) Iroquois Confederacy
Iroquois Confederacy
(1142–1789) Hunkpapa
Hunkpapa
Seven council fires (?-1872)

Mexico[edit]

Tlatoani
Tlatoani
Aztec Kingdom (1376–1565) House of Iturbide
House of Iturbide
(1822–1823) House of Habsburg
Habsburg
(1864–1867)

Central America[edit]

Cuzcatlan, El Salvador
El Salvador
(1054–1528)

Maya States[edit]

Chan Santa Cruz
Chan Santa Cruz
Maya free State of Quintana Roo, Mexico
Mexico
(1850–1893) Itza
Itza
Elite Yucatan, Mexico
Mexico
(600–1697) Kan Ek'
Kan Ek'
Nojpetén
Nojpetén
Itza
Itza
kingship, Guatemala
Guatemala
(700–1697) K'iche' Kingdom of Q'umarkaj, Guatemala
Guatemala
(1225–1524) Palenque
Palenque
B'aak dynasty Chiapas, Mexico(967 BCE – 799 CE) Siyaj K'ak' dynasties Mexico, Guatemala
Guatemala
and Honduras
Honduras
(378–869)

South America[edit] Peru[edit]

Hurin dynasty (1197 – c. 1350), ruling dynasty of earlier Kingdom of Cusco Haran dynasty (c. 1350–1572), ruling dynasty of later Kingdom of Cusco, Inca Empire
Inca Empire
and Neo-Inca State

Brazil[edit]

House of Braganza
House of Braganza
(1822–1889) House of Orléans-Braganza
House of Orléans-Braganza
(1864 to the present)

Chile[edit]

Tounes dynasty, kingdom of Araucania and Patagonia with the chiefdoms of Mapuche
Mapuche
Nation (1860–1862)

Caribbean[edit] Haiti[edit]

Cacique
Cacique
Taino
Taino
Nation Caribbean islands
Caribbean islands
(?-1510) Dessalines Dynasty
Dynasty
(1804–1806) Christophe Dynasty
Dynasty
(1811–1820) Soulouque Dynasty
Dynasty
(1849–1859)

Oceania[edit] Hawaii[edit]

Kingdom of Hawaii
Kingdom of Hawaii
(1795–1810)

Kamehameha Dynasty
Dynasty
(c. 1795 – 1872) Kalākaua Dynasty
Dynasty
(c. 1874 – 1893)

New Zealand Māori[edit]

Te Wherowhero Dynasty
Dynasty
(1856 to the present)

Tahiti[edit]

Pōmare Dynasty
Dynasty
(1788–1880)

Tonga[edit]

Tu'i Tonga
Tu'i Tonga
Dynasty
Dynasty
(c. 900–1865) Tupou Dynasty
Dynasty
(1875 to the present)

Political families in Republics[edit] Main article: List of political families Though in elected governments rule does not pass automatically by inheritance, political power often accrues to generations of related individuals in republics. Eminence, influence, tradition, genetics, and nepotism may contribute to this phenomenon. Family dictatorships are a different concept, in which political power passes within a family due to the overwhelming authority of the leader, rather than informal power accrued to the family. Some political dynasties:

Ziaur Rahman's and Sheikh Mujibur Rahman's families (Bangladesh) Aung San Suu Kyi's family (Burma) The Medici
Medici
family ( Republic
Republic
of Florence) The Nehru-Gandhi family
Nehru-Gandhi family
(India) The Soekarnos (Indonesia) The Koirala family
Koirala family
(Nepal) The Somoza family
Somoza family
(Nicaragua) The Jinnah family
Jinnah family
(Pakistan and India) The Bhutto family
Bhutto family
(Pakistan) The Sharif family
Sharif family
(Pakistan) The Macapagal family (Philippines) The Aquino family (Philippines) The Estrada family (Philippines) The Marcos family (Philippines) Lee Kuan Yew's family (Singapore) Solomon Bandaranaike's family (Sri Lanka) The Churchills/Dukes of Marlborough (UK) The Adamses (United States) The Bushes (United States) The Clintons (United States) The Cuomos (United States) The Harrisons (United States) The Kennedys (United States) The Lees (United States) The Longs (United States) The Roosevelts (United States) The Tafts (United States) The Udalls (United States)

Influential/wealthy families[edit]

The Agnelli family (Italy) The Anheuser family (United States) The Arison family
Arison family
(United States) The Astor family
Astor family
(United States and United Kingdom) The Bamford family (United Kingdom) The Bacardi family (Cuba and United States) The Baring family (United Kingdom) The Bazalgette family (United Kingdom) The Berenberg-Gossler-Seyler family (Germany) The Botín family (Spain) The Bonnier family
Bonnier family
(Sweden) The Bronfman family (Canada) The Bulgari
Bulgari
family (Italy) The Burke family (Ireland and United Kingdom) The Busch family (United States) The Cabot family
Cabot family
(United States) The Cadbury family (United Kingdom) The Carnegie family (United States) The Cholmondeley family (United Kingdom) The Churchill
Churchill
family (United Kingdom) The Conran family (United Kingdom) The Curzon family (United Kingdom) The Darwin–Wedgwood family
Darwin–Wedgwood family
(United Kingdom) The Du Pont family
Du Pont family
(United States) The Egerton family
Egerton family
(United Kingdom) The Fabergé family (Russia and United Kingdom) The Florio family (Italy) The Forbes family
Forbes family
(United States) The Forbes family
Forbes family
(publishers) (United States) The Ford family
Ford family
(United States) The Forte family (United Kingdom) The Freud family
Freud family
(Austria and United Kingdom) The Fugger
Fugger
family (Germany) The Getty family (United States) The Goldsmith family (Sweden and United Kingdom) The Gough-Calthorpe family (United Kingdom) The Grosvenor family (United Kingdom) The Guggenheim family
Guggenheim family
(United States) The Guinness family
Guinness family
(Ireland) The Hearst family (United States) The Heinz Family (United States) The Hilton family (United States) The Howard family
Howard family
(United Kingdom) The Kennedy family
Kennedy family
(United States) The Keswick family (East Asia
Asia
and United Kingdom) The Kim family (North Korea) The Krupp family
Krupp family
(Germany) The Lee family
Lee family
(United States) The Lehman family (United States) The Li family (East Asia) The Livingston family
Livingston family
(United States) The Louis-Dreyfus family (France and United States) The McCormick family
McCormick family
(United States) The Medici
Medici
family (Italy) The Mellon family
Mellon family
(United States) The Mendelssohn family
Mendelssohn family
(Europe) The Mittal family (United Kingdom and India) The Montefiore family (Morocco, Italy and United Kingdom) The Morgan family (United States) The Murdoch family
Murdoch family
(Australia and United States) The Newhouse family (United States) The Ochs-Sulzberger family (United States) The Oppenheimer family (South Africa) The Packer Family (Australia) The Pattison family (Canada) The Peugeot
Peugeot
family (France) The Porsche family
Porsche family
(Austria) The Premji family (India) The Pritzker family (United States) The Rausing family (Sweden and United Kingdom) The Roosevelt family
Roosevelt family
(United States) The Rothschild family
Rothschild family
(France and United Kingdom) The Rockefeller family
Rockefeller family
(United States) The Rupert family (South Africa) The Sainsbury family (United Kingdom) The Sassoon family
Sassoon family
(Iraq, India, China and United Kingdom) The Sawiris family (Egypt) The Schröder family
Schröder family
(United Kingdom) The Shinawatra family (Thailand) The Stroganov family
Stroganov family
(Russia and Eastern Europe) The Spencer family
Spencer family
(United Kingdom) The Swire
Swire
family (East Asia
Asia
and United Kingdom) The Taft family (United States) The Taittinger
Taittinger
family (France) The Tata family (India) The Thomson family (Canada) The Thyssen family
Thyssen family
(Germany) The Tjin-A-Djie family (Suriname) The Tolstoy family
Tolstoy family
(Russia and United Kingdom) The Toyoda family (Japan) The Trump family
Trump family
(United States) The Vanderbilt family
Vanderbilt family
(United States) The Villiers family
Villiers family
(United Kingdom) The Wallenberg family
Wallenberg family
(Sweden) The Walton family
Walton family
(United States) The Warburg family
Warburg family
(United States) The Welser
Welser
family (Germany) The Whitney family (United States) The Wittgenstein family (Austria) The Zobel de Ayala family (Philippines)

See also[edit]

List of Muslim empires and dynasties Family seat Royal intermarriage House of Lithuainia RoyalKingdom Gediminid Prince

References[edit]

Look up dynasty in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

^ a b Oxford English Dictionary, 1st ed. "dynasty, n." Oxford University Press (Oxford), 1897. ^ Oxford English Dictionary, 3rd ed. "house, n.¹ and int, 10. b." Oxford University Press (Oxford), 2011. ^ Thomson, David (1961). "The Institutions of Monarchy". Europe Since Napoleon. New York: Knopf. pp. 79–80. The basic idea of monarchy was the idea that hereditary right gave the best title to political power...The dangers of disputed succession were best avoided by hereditary succession: ruling families had a natural interest in passing on to their descendants enhanced power and prestige...Frederick the Great of Prussia, Catherine the Great of Russia, Maria Theresa of Austria, were alike infatuated with the idea of strengthening their power, centralizing government in their own hands as against local and feudal privileges, and so acquiring more absolute authority in the state. Moreover, the very dynastic rivalries and conflicts between these eighteenth-century monarchs drove them to look for ever more efficient methods of government  ^ Liddell, Henry George & al. A Greek–English Lexicon: "δυναστεία". Hosted by Tufts University's Perseus Project. ^ Liddell & al. A Greek–English Lexicon: "δυνάστης". ^ Liddell & al. A Greek–English Lexicon: "δύναμις". ^ Liddell & al. "δύναμαι". ^ a b Statement by Nick Clegg MP, UK parliament website, 26 March 2015 (retrieved on same date). ^ "Monaco royal taken seriously ill". BBC News. London. 8 April 2005. Retrieved January 27, 2013.  ^ a b The Times Atlas of World History (second/third edition), ISBN 0-7230-0304-1 ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20081216125714/http://www.cultural-china.com/chinaWH/html/en/History1766bye3553.html. Archived from the original on 16 December 2008.  Missing or empty title= (help)

v t e

Royal houses of Europe

Nordic countries

Denmark

Knýtlinga Fairhair Estridsen Griffins Palatinate-Neumarkt Oldenburg Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg

Finland

Bjelbo Mecklenburg Griffins Palatinate-Neumarkt Bonde Oldenburg Vasa Palatinate-Zweibrücken Hesse Holstein-Gottorp Romanov

Norway

Fairhair Knýtlinga Hardrada Gille Sverre Bjelbo Estridsen Griffins Palatinate-Neumarkt Bonde Oldenburg Holstein-Gottorp Bernadotte Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg

Sweden

Munsö Stenkil Sverker Eric Bjelbo Estridsen Mecklenburg Griffins Palatinate-Neumarkt Bonde Oldenburg Vasa Palatinate-Zweibrücken Hesse-Kassel Holstein-Gottorp Bernadotte

Iceland

Fairhair Bjelbo Estridsen Griffins Palatinate-Neumarkt Bonde Oldenburg Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg

Britain and Ireland

England

Mercia Wuffing Kent Sussex Essex Bernicia Deira Northumbria Uí Ímair Wessex Knýtlinga Normandy Angevin Plantagenet Lancaster York Tudor

Scotland

Fergus Óengus Strathclyde Mann and the Isles Alpin Northumbria Bernicia Uí Ímair Galloway Dunkeld Sverre Balliol Bruce Stuart

Wales

Dinefwr Aberffraw Gwynedd Mathrafal Cunedda Tudor

Ireland

Ulaid Dál Riata Érainn Corcu Loígde Laigin Connachta Uí Néill Ó Gallchobhair Ó Domhnail Ó Néill Ó Máel Sechlainn Mac Murchada Ó Briain Mac Lochlainn Ó Conchobhair

Gaelic Ireland

Laigin Síl Conairi Ulaid Dáirine Osraige Cruthin Dál nAraidi Connachta Uí Fiachrach Uí Briúin Uí Néill Síl nÁedo Sláine Clann Cholmáin Eóganachta Chaisil Glendamnach Raithlind Uí Dúnlainge Uí Ímair
Uí Ímair
(Norse) Uí Ceinnselaig Dál gCais Ó Briain Mac Carthaig Ó Conchobhair Ó Ruairc De Burgh (Norman) FitzGerald (Norman) Ó Domhnaill Ó Néill

Great Britain

Stuart Orange-Nassau Hanover Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Windsor

Eastern Europe

Albania

Angevin Progon Arianiti Thopia Kastrioti Dukagjini Wied Zogu Ottoman Savoy

Armenia2

Orontid Artaxiad Arsacid Bagratid Artsruni Rubenids Hethumids Lusignan Savoy

Bosnia

Boričević Kulinić Kotromanić Kosača Ottoman Habsburg-Lorraine

Bulgaria

Dulo Krum Cometopuli Asen Smilets Terter Shishman Sratsimir Battenberg Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

Croatia

Trpimirović Domagojević Svačić Ottoman Luxembourg Habsburg Habsburg-Lorraine Bonaparte Savoy (disputed)

Cyprus2

Plantagenet Lusignan Ottoman Savoy

Georgia1

Pharnavazid Artaxiad Arsacid Ottoman Chosroid Bagrationi

Greece

Argead Macedonian Doukas Komnenos Angelos Laskaris Palaiologos Ottoman Wittelsbach Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg

Lithuania

Mindaugas Gediminids Jagiellon Valois Báthory Vasa Wiśniowiecki Sobieski Wettin Leszczyński Poniatowski Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov

Moldavia

Dragoș (Drăgoșești) Rossetti Bogdan-Muşat Movilești Drăculeşti Ghica Cantacuzene Cantemirești Racoviță Mavrocordato Ypsilantis Soutzos Mourousi Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen Basarab

Montenegro

Vojislavljević Balšić Ottoman Crnojević Petrović-Njegoš

Romania

House of Basarab Rossetti Bogdan-Mușat Movilești Drăculești Ghica Cantacuzene Cantemirești Romanov Racoviță Ottoman Mavrocordato Ypsilantis Soutzos Mourousi Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen Romania/Royal family

Russia1

Rurik Borjigin Godunov Shuysky Vasa Romanov

Serbia

Vlastimirović Vukanović Nemanjić Lazarević Mrnjavčević Dejanović Branković Ottoman Obrenović Karađorđević

Turkey1

Ottoman

Ukraine

Rurikids Piast Gediminids Olshanski Olelkovich Giray Romanov Habsburg-Lorraine

1 Transcontinental country. 2 Entirely in Southwest Asia
Asia
but having socio-political connections with Europe.

Western Europe

Belgium

Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

France

Merovingian Carolingian Capet Valois Bourbon Bonaparte Orléans

Italy

Aleramici Appiani Bonaparte Bourbon-Parma Bourbon-Two Sicilies Carolingian Della Rovere Este Farnese Flavian Gonzaga Grimaldi Habsburg Julio-Claudian Malatesta Malaspina Medici Montefeltro Nerva–Antonine Ordelaffi Orsini Palaiologos Pallavicini Savoy Severan Sforza Visconti

Luxembourg

Orange-Nassau Nassau-Weilburg Bourbon-Parma

Monaco

Grimaldi

Netherlands

Bonaparte Orange-Nassau (Mecklenburg) (Lippe) (Amsberg)

Portugal

Vímara Peres Burgundy Aviz Habsburg
Habsburg
Spanish Braganza

Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

Spain

Asturias Barcelona Jiménez Burgundy Champagne Capet Évreux Trastámara Habsburg Bourbon

Bonaparte Savoy

Central Europe

Austria

Babenberg Habsburg Habsburg-Lorraine

Bohemia

Přemyslid Piast Luxembourg Jagiellon Habsburg Habsburg-Lorraine

Germany

Ascania Carolingian Conradines Ottonian Luitpolding Salian Süpplingenburg Hohenstaufen Welf Habsburg Hanover Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Nassau Luxembourg Wittelsbach Schwarzburg Brunswick-Lüneburg House of Pomerania Hohenzollern Württemberg Oldenburg Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg Orange-Nassau Nassau-Weilburg Mecklenburg Vasa Palatine Zweibrücken Hesse Holstein-Gottorp Romanov Bonaparte Wettin Lippe Zähringen

Hungary

Árpád Přemyslid Wittelsbach Angevin Luxembourg Hunyadi Jagiellon Szapolyai Ottoman Habsburg Habsburg-Lorraine

Liechtenstein

Liechtenstein

Poland

Piast Přemyslid Samborides Griffins Jagiellon Valois Báthory Vasa Wiśniowiecki Sobieski Wettin Leszczyński Poniatowski

After partitions:

Holstein-Gottorp- Romanov
Romanov
Kingdom of Poland Habsburg
Habsburg
Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria Wettin Duchy of Warsaw Lefebvre Duchy of Gdańsk Hohenzollern Duchy of Poznań

v t e

European royal families

Reigning

Belgium Denmark Liechtenstein Luxembourg Monaco Netherlands Norway Spain Sweden United Kingdom

Non reigning pretenders

Albania Austria-Hungary Bulgaria Cyprus France Georgia Germany Greece Hanover Italy Lithuania Montenegro Portugal Rom

.