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NORTH SUMATRA (Indonesian : SUMATERA UTARA), is a province of Indonesia
Indonesia
. It is located on the island of Sumatra
Sumatra
, and its capital is Medan
Medan
. North Sumatra
Sumatra
is fourth most populous province in Indonesia after West Java
West Java
, East Java
East Java
and Central Java
Central Java
and the most populous Indonesian province outside Java
Java
, with over 13,5 million inhabitants in 2014.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Geography

* 3 Governance

* 3.1 Government

* 3.2 Administrative divisions

* 3.2.1 Nias Island Region * 3.2.2 Southeast Sumatra
Sumatra
Region * 3.2.3 Tapanuli Region * 3.2.4 East Sumatra
Sumatra
Region

* 4 Demographics

* 4.1 Population * 4.2 Ethnicities * 4.3 Languages * 4.4 Religion

* 5 Economy

* 5.1 Energy * 5.2 Agriculture and farming * 5.3 Banking * 5.4 Mining

* 5.5 Industry

* 5.5.1 Sei Mangkei Industrial Area

* 5.6 Export and Import * 5.7 Tourism

* 6 Transportation

* 6.1 Airports * 6.2 Seaports * 6.3 Road * 6.4 Rail

* 7 References * 8 External links

HISTORY

In the days of the Dutch government, a government of North Sumatra named Gouvernement van Sumatra
Sumatra
with the area covering the whole of the island of Sumatra, headed by a governor who is based in the city of Medan.

After independence, the first session of the National Committee of Regions (KND), Sumatra
Sumatra
was then divided into three sub-provinces namely North Sumatra, Central Sumatra
Sumatra
and South Sumatra. North Sumatra province itself is an amalgamation of three administrative regions called residency namely: Residency of Aceh, East Sumatra
Sumatra
Residency, and residency of Tapanuli.

With the publication of the Law of the Republic of Indonesia
Indonesia
(R.I.) No. 10 Year 1948 on April 15, 1948, it was determined that Sumatra
Sumatra
is divided into three provinces, each of which has the right to organize and manage their own household, namely: North Sumatra, Central Sumatra Province, and South Sumatra
Sumatra
Province. Date 15 April 1948 subsequently determined as the anniversary of North Sumatra
Sumatra
Province.

In early 1949, the reorganization of government back in Sumatra. With the decision of the Government Emergency R.I. No. 22 / Govt / Emergency Government on May 17, 1949, abolished the post of Governor of North Sumatra. Furthermore, the Government Emergency Decree R.I. on December 17, 1949, established the province of Aceh
Aceh
and Tapanuli Province / East Sumatra. Then, with a Government Regulation in lieu of Law No. 5 Year 1950 on August 14, 1950, such provisions shall be lifted and reshaped North Sumatra
Sumatra
Province.

Act R.I. No. 24 of 1956, promulgated on December 7, 1956, established an autonomous region of Aceh
Aceh
province, independent of the province of North Sumatra.

GEOGRAPHY

Lake Toba, World's largest volcanic lake

The province of North Sumatra
Sumatra
stretches across the island of Sumatra between the Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean
and the Strait Malacca . It borders Aceh province on the northwest and Riau
Riau
and West Sumatra
Sumatra
provinces in the southeast. It has an area of 72,981 km². The province contains a broad, low plain along the Strait of Malacca on which the provincial capital, Medan, is located. In the south and west, the land rises to the mountain range that runs the length of Sumatra; the mountains here are dominated by Lake Toba , formed from the caldera of an ancient volcano. Several large islands in the Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean
off the west coast of Sumatra
Sumatra
are currently part of North Sumatra, most notably Nias Island and the Batu Islands .

There are 419 islands in propisi North Sumatra. The outer islands is the island Simuk ( Nias ), and the island Berhala in the Strait of Sumatra
Sumatra
(Malacca).

Nias archipelago consists of the island as the main island and other smaller islands in the vicinity. Nias Islands located off the coast of western Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean
. Administration center located in Gunung Sitoli .

Batu Islands consist of 51 islands with four major islands: Sibuasi, Pini, Tanahbala, Tanahmasa. Pulautelo administrative center on the island Sibuasi. Batu Islands located in the southeast of the island of Nias. Other islands in the North Sumatra: Imanna, Pasu, Bawa, Hamutaia, Batumakalele, Lego, Masa, Bau, Simaleh, Makole, Jake, and Sigata, Wunga.

In North Sumatra, there are currently two national parks, the Gunung Leuser National Park and Batang Gadis National Park . According to the Ministerial Decree, No. 44 of 2005, the forest area in North Sumatra today 3.74212 million hectares (ha). Which consists of a Natural Reserve Area / Natural Conservation Area covering an area of 477 070 ha, 1.29733 million ha of protected forest, limited production forest 879 270 ha, Permanent production forest 1,035,690 ha and production forest that can be converted covering 52 760 ha.

But this figure character is de jure alone. Because as a de facto , the existing forests is not covering it anymore. Happens a lot of damage due to encroachment and illegal logging . So far, over 206,000 ha of forest in Sumatra
Sumatra
has experienced changes in function. Has been turned into plantations, transmigration. And of the total, as many as 163,000 ha of plantations and 42,900 ha for transmigration area.

GOVERNANCE

GOVERNMENT

The administrative center of North Sumatra
Sumatra
is located in the city Medan
Medan
, governed by a Governor
Governor
. Earlier, North Sumatra, including Sumatra
Sumatra
province in Indonesia
Indonesia
shortly became independent in 1945. In 1950, North Sumatra
Sumatra
Province was formed that includes former residency of East Sumatra, Tapanuli, and Aceh. In 1956, Aceh
Aceh
split off into Aceh.

ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS

North Sumatra
Sumatra
is currently subdivided into 25 regencies and 8 autonomous cities , listed below with their (provisional) populations at the 2010 Census and according to the latest (2014) estimates. With proposals under consideration to create three additional provinces from parts of the present North Sumatra, these are grouped below according to the putative new province in which they are situated:

Nias Island Region

Omo Sebua, means the big house. This is a traditional house from South Nias. It was king of Tano Niha who live in, located in Bawomataluo

NAME Area (km2) Population Census 2010 Population Estimate January 2014 CAPITAL HDI 2014 Estimates

Gunungsitoli
Gunungsitoli
City 230.80 125,566 131,507 Gunungsitoli 0.659 (Medium)

Nias Regency 3,495.39 132,329 136,900 Gunungsitoli
Gunungsitoli
0.579 (Low)

North Nias Regency ( Nias Utara) 1,202.78 127,530 132,593 Lotu 0.591 (Low)

South Nias Regency ( Nias Selatan) 1,625.91 289,876 301,886 Teluk Dalam 0.577 (Low)

West Nias Regency ( Nias Barat) # 81,461 85,246 Lahomi 0.575 (Low)

# the area of West Nias Regency is included in the figure for Nias Regency.

Southeast Sumatra
Sumatra
Region

A tourist taken in a photo of Bagas Godang in Panyabungan, Mandailing Natal

NAME Area (km2) Population Census 2010 Population Estimate January 2014 CAPITAL HDI 2014 Estimates

Padang Sidempuan
Padang Sidempuan
City 114.65 191,554 199,582 Padang Sidempuan
Padang Sidempuan
0.718 (High)

Mandailing Natal Regency
Mandailing Natal Regency
6,620.70 403,894 421,968 Panyabungan 0.634 (Medium)

North Padang Lawas Regency
North Padang Lawas Regency
(Padang Lawas Utara) 3,918.05 223,049 232,928 Gunung Tua 0.665 (Medium)

Padang Lawas Regency
Padang Lawas Regency
3,892.74 223,480 234,728 Sibuhuan 0.655 (Medium)

South Tapanuli Regency
South Tapanuli Regency
(Tapanuli Selatan) 4,352.86 264,108 274,905 Sipirok 0.672 (Medium)

The town of Tarutung
Tarutung
from above a Salib Kasih (Cross Love) hill

Tapanuli Region

Old Batak
Batak
Village, or known as Bolon House (Rumah Bolon) in Simanindo

NAME Area (km2) Population Census 2010 Population Estimate January 2014 CAPITAL HDI 2014 Estimates

Sibolga
Sibolga
City 10.77 84,444 88,032 Sibolga
Sibolga
0.710 (High)

Central Tapanuli Regency (Tapanuli Tengah) 2,158.00 310,962 324,315 Pandan 0.661 (Medium)

Humbang Hasundutan Regency 2,297.20 171,687 178,866 Dolok Sanggul 0.655 (Medium)

North Tapanuli Regency (Tapanuli Utara) 3,764.65 278,897 290,996 Tarutung
Tarutung
0.707 (High)

Samosir Regency
Samosir Regency
2,433.50 111,650 124,683 Pangururan 0.678 (Medium)

Toba Samosir Regency
Samosir Regency
2,352.35 172,933 180,407 Balige 0.727 (High)

East Sumatra
Sumatra
Region

Maimoon Palace , a historical palace in Medan, it was used as a house for Deli Sultanate
Deli Sultanate
for a long time and still active till this day Bukit Lawang , tourist village at the bank of Bahorok River, Langkat Lumbini Natural Park
Lumbini Natural Park
, a Theravada-style Buddhist
Buddhist
temple in Berastagi

NAME Area (km2) Population Census 2010 Population Estimate January 2014 CAPITAL HDI 2014 Estimates

Binjai City 90.24 246,010 256,502 Binjai 0.725 (High)

Medan
Medan
City 265.10 2,109,339 2,185,789 Medan 0.798 (High)

Pematang Siantar City 79.87 234,885 244,564 Pematang Siantar 0.758 (High)

Tanjung Balai City * 154,426 160,941 Tanjung Balai 0.660 (Medium)

Tebing Tinggi
Tebing Tinggi
City 38.44 145,180 151,354 Tebing Tinggi 0.721 (High)

Asahan Regency 3,675.79 667,563 696,364 Kisaran 0.675 (Medium)

Batubara Regency 904.96 374,535 391,686 Limapuluh 0.655 (Medium)

Dairi Regency 1,927.80 269,848 281,405 Sidikalang 0.679 (Medium)

Deli Serdang Regency 2,486.14 1,789,243 1,865,695 Lubukpakam 0.719 (High)

Karo Regency 2,127.25 350,479 365,713 Kabanjahe 0.718 (High)

Labuhan Batu Regency 9,223.18 414,417 432,560 Rantau Prapat 0.700 (High)

Langkat Regency
Langkat Regency
6,263.29 966,133 1,008,207 Stabat 0.680 (Medium)

North Labuhan Batu Regency (Labuhan Batu Utara) # 331,660 344,603 Aek Kanopan 0.691 (Medium)

Pakpak Bharat Regency
Pakpak Bharat Regency
1,218.30 40,481 42,208 Salak 0.650 (Medium)

Serdang Bedagai Regency
Serdang Bedagai Regency
1,913.33 592,922 619,367 Sei Rampah 0.677 (Medium)

Simalungun Regency
Simalungun Regency
4,386.60 818,104 852,095 Raya 0.708 (High)

South Labuhan Batu Regency (Labuhan Batu Selatan) # 277,549 289,346 Kota Pinang 0.685 (Medium)

Notes * the area of Tanjung Balai city is included in the figure for Asahan Regency, from which it was carved out in 2007. # the areas of North Labuhan Batu Regency and South Labuhan Batu Regency are included in the figure for Labuhan Batu Regency, from which they were carved out in 2007.

North Sumatra
Sumatra
is sub-divided into 25 regencies and 8 cities (formerly municipalities ); which in turn are sub-divided into 325 sub-districts ; which in turn are further sub-divided into 5,456 villages .

DEMOGRAPHICS

POPULATION

North Sumatra
Sumatra
recorded a population of 12,985,075 in the 2010 national census, making the 4th most populous province in Indonesia, with a sex ratio of 99.59 men per 100 women. The latest estimate (for January 2014) is 13,527,937.

HISTORICAL POPULATION

YEAR POP. ±%

1971 6,621,831 —

1980 8,360,894 +26.3%

1990 10,256,027 +22.7%

1995 11,114,667 +8.4%

2000 11,649,655 +4.8%

2010 12,982,204 +11.4%

2014 13,527,937 +4.2%

Source: Badan Pusat Statistik
Badan Pusat Statistik
2010

ETHNICITIES

North Sumatra
Sumatra
is a multi-ethnic province. The Batak, Nias, and the Malay peoples are regarded as the native people of this province. The east coast of North Sumatra
Sumatra
is generally inhabited by Malays and Chinese. The Javanese resides around Deli Serdang Regency, including Medan, while the West coast of province is mainly inhabited the Pakpak, Mandailing and Minangkabau peoples. The central region around Lake Toba, is predominantly inhabited by the Batak
Batak
peoples. The Nias people reside mostly in Nias Island and the surrounding islands. With the opening of tobacco plantations in East Sumatra
Sumatra
during the Dutch East Indies era, the colonial government employed many contract laborers for plantations. The newcomers were mostly Javanese and Chinese, and included a small Indian community.

As for percentage, the Batak
Batak
make up 44,95% out of all population, including Batak
Batak
Karo and Mandailing. The Javanese comes as second with 30,62%, the Malay add up to 5,92% and next is the Chinese with 5,75%. Nias people make up around 4,10% and the rest are Minangkabau (2,66%), Acehnese (1,27%), Indian (0,80%) and other ethnics (1,15%) the Batak
Batak
and its sub-ethnics distributed as Toba, Simalungun, Karo, Pakpak, Angkola and Mandailing

The distribution of the tribes, clans and ethnicities in North Sumatra
Sumatra
is as follows:

* Batak
Batak
Toba : throughout North Sumatra. * Batak
Batak
Karo : majority in Karo Regency , and Deli Serdang * Batak
Batak
Mandailing : East coast and west coast region * Batak
Batak
Pakpak : majority in Dairi Regency * Malay : around east coast region * Nias : mostly in Nias Island , with small population around west coast * Javanese : Mostly resided east coast area, majority in Medan
Medan
, Deli Serdang, Serdang Bedagai and Labuhan Batu * Chinese : urban areas such as Medan, Deli Serdang, Binjai , Tanjungbalai and Pematangsiantar
Pematangsiantar
* Minangkabau : majority in Medan
Medan
and Mandailing Natal * Indian : several districts around Medan, Binjai and Deli Serdang * Acehnese : Medan, Binjai up to northten part such as Langkat

LANGUAGES

In general, a widely used language is Indonesian . The Malays around Deli Serdang and Langkat majority using Malay languages that has similarity with Peraknese Malay language, as for Malays in Medan
Medan
using Indonesian more than the Malay language itself. The eastern coastal Malays around Serdang Bedagai, Pangkalan Dodek, Batubara, Asahan, and Tanjung Balai, using a Malay dialect "o" as well as in Labuhan Batu with a slight difference of manner. The Javanese people, especially around rural and plantation areas using Javanese as daily conversation, meanwhile the urban Javanese mostly using Indonesian.

The Batak
Batak
people using Bataknese which is divided into four dialects (Silindung-Samosir-Humbang-Toba), the difference are on Batak
Batak
Karo people that using Karo language and the Batak
Batak
Mandailing people
Mandailing people
around South Tapanauli, Padang Lawas and Mandailing Natal using Mandailing language . Nias language is spoken among Nias people.

Mostly Chinese in North Sumatra
Sumatra
are fluent to speak Hokkien
Hokkien
with Zhangzhou dialect
Zhangzhou dialect
mixed with Malay/Bataknese/Indonesian words, as for Chinese around Labuhan Batu area using Quanzhou dialect
Quanzhou dialect
that has similarity with Bagansiapiapi Hokkien. The small Teochew and Hainanese speakers are also exist. The Indian people in Medan
Medan
speak Tamil with a small Punjabi speakers among Punjabis. The Acehnese people
Acehnese people
speak Aceh and Gayo language .

RELIGION

RELIGION OF NORTH SUMATRA – 2015 CENSUS

religion

percent

Islam
Islam
  63.91%

Christianity
Christianity
  33.27%

Buddhism
Buddhism
  2.43%

Hinduism
Hinduism
(incl Sikhism
Sikhism
)   0.35%

Confucianism
Confucianism
(incl Taoism and Chinese religion )   0.01%

Others ( Parmalim and Pemena )   0.01%

More than 95 percent out of all residents are either Islam
Islam
or Christians, with the rest are Buddhist, Hindus, and folk religion such as Confucian, Parmalim, and Taoist. These are the list religion that recognized in North Sumatra
Sumatra
are:

* Islam
Islam
: especially embraced by the Malays, Minangkabau, Javanese, Aceh, Mandailing, Angkola, and partly Toba, Karo, Simalungun and Pakpak * Christian
Christian
(Protestant and Catholic): especially embraced by Batak Toba, Karo, Simalungun, Nias, Pakpak and partly Batak
Batak
Angkola, Chinese and Indian * Hindu
Hindu
and Sikh
Sikh
: especially embraced by Indian in urban areas, there are also small Batak
Batak
Karo people
Karo people
that practising Hindu
Hindu
in rural areas * Buddhist
Buddhist
: especially embraced by Chinese in urban areas * Confucian
Confucian
, Taoist
Taoist
and Chinese religion: 99 percent embraced by the Chinese * Traditional religion such as Parmalim / Pemena : embraced by most of the Batak
Batak
tribe centered in Huta Tinggi, Laguboti district, Toba Samosir Regency

ECONOMY

ENERGY

North Sumatra
Sumatra
is rich in natural resources such as natural gas in the area of Tandam, Binjai and petroleum in Pangkalan Brandan, Langkat which has been explored since the days of the Dutch East Indies. Besides that, in Kuala Tanjung, Asahan, there are the company named PT INALUM (abbreviated of Indonesia
Indonesia
Aluminium) that engaged in ore mining and smelting of aluminum which is the only one in Southeast Asia.

The rivers that disgorge in the mountains around Lake Toba is also a natural resource that is potential enough to be an exploited to resource of hydropower plants. Asahan hydropower which is the largest hydropower plant in Sumatra
Sumatra
Island is located on Porsea in Toba Samosir Regency.

Moreover, in the mountains there are many geothermal hot spots were very likely to be developed as a source of thermal energy or steam that can then be transformed into electrical energy.

AGRICULTURE AND FARMING

Inside of Palm Oil Estate of Serdang Bedagai Regency
Serdang Bedagai Regency

The province is famous for its plantation area, until now, the plantation economy of the province remains to be excellent. The plantations are managed by private companies and the state. SOE Plantation area is located in North Sumatra, among others PT Perkebunan Nusantara II (PTPN II), PTPN IV and PTPN III.

Besides North Sumatra
Sumatra
is also famous for its plantation area. Until now, the plantation economy of the province remains to be excellent. The plantations are managed by private companies also the state. North Sumatra
Sumatra
produces rubber, cocoa, tea, palm oil, coffee, cloves, coconut, cinnamon, and tobacco. The plantation is spread in East coast area such as Deli Serdang, Serdang Bedagai Langkat, Simalungun, Asahan, Labuhan Batu, and also around west coast: Central and South Tapanuli. Paddy field in Ambarita village, Simanindo, Samosir Island

* The size of rice farming. In 2005 the total area of 807.302 hectares of crops stay, or down about 16.906 hectares compared to 2004 reaching vast 824.208 hectares. The productivity of rice plants in 2005 was able to be increased to 43.49 quintals per hectare ranges from 2004 are still 43.13 quintals per hectare, and the rice crop fields change into 26.26 quintals of 24.73 quintals per hectare. In 2005, the rice surplus in North Sumatra
Sumatra
reached 429 tons from about 1/2/27 million tonnes of total rice production in this area. * The size of rubber plantations. In 2002 the total area of rubber plantations in Sumatra
Sumatra
is 489.491 hectares with a production of 443.743 tonnes. While in 2005, the area under rubber decreased or stayed 477,000 hectares with production also dropped to only 392,000 tons. * Irrigation: The size of technical irrigation entirely in North Sumatra
Sumatra
is 132.254 ha that covers an area of 174 irrigation site. A total of 96.823 ha at 7 Irrigation area is very critical damage. * Agricultural Products: North Sumatra
Sumatra
produces rubber, cocoa, tea, palm oil, coffee, cloves, coconut, cinnamon, and tobacco. These commodities have been exported to many countries and contributing huge foreign exchange for Indonesia. In addition to commodities, North Sumatra
Sumatra
is also known as a producer of horticultural commodities (vegetables and fruits); e.g. Medanese Orange, Deli Guava, Cabbage Vegetable, Tomato, Potato and Carrot generated by Karo, Simalungun and North Tapanuli. The horticultural products have been exported to Malaysia
Malaysia
and Singapore.

Sumatra
Sumatra
Mandheling and Sumatra
Sumatra
Lintong coffee beans are grown in North Sumatra
Sumatra
and largely exported to the United States. Mandheling is named after the similarly spelt Mandailing people
Mandailing people
located in North Sumatra, Indonesia. The name is the result of a misunderstanding by the first foreign purchaser of the variety, and no coffee is actually produced in the "Mandailing region". Lintong on the other hand, is named after the Lintong district, also located in North Sumatra.

BANKING

In addition to national banks, state banks and international banks, currently there are 61 units of Credited Peoples Banks (BPR) and 7 Credited Sharia Bank (BPRS). Data from Bank Indonesia
Indonesia
showed, in January 2006, the Third Party Funds (TPF), which absorbed BPR reached Rp 253.366.627.000 (around 19 million US$) and loans reached Rp 260.152.445.000 (around 19.5 million US$. While assets reached Rp 340.880 837.000 (25.5 million US$).

MINING

There are three leading mining company in North Sumatra:

* Sorikmas Mining (SMM), main base around South Tapanauli with gold as main commodity * Newmont Horas Nauli (PTNHN). * Dairi Prima Mineral

INDUSTRY

North Sumatra
Sumatra
has several Industrial sit, mainly based around Deli Serdang. Medan
Medan
Industrial Area (Indonesian : Kawasan Industri Medan) stands for KIM is the main industrial complex in Medan.

Sei Mangkei Industrial Area

Sei Mangkei Industrial Area, also known as Sei Mangkei - Integrated Sustainable Palm Oil Cluster (SM-ISPOIC), is located in Simalungun Regency and was formally opened on 12 June 2010. Four companies have joined in this area, with investment costs totalling up to Rp1.5 trillion ($176 million). In April 2011, three other companies also joined in the Sei Mangkei area. They are Procter "> Sipisopiso
Sipisopiso
, North Sumatra
Sumatra
Surfing in Tello Island, Nias

* Lake Toba is the largest volcanic lake in the world. Located in the centre of North Sumatra, the lake can be reached via Parapat (Simalungun regency), Tongging (Karo regency), and Balige (Toba Samosir regency). * Samosir Island is a volcanic island in middle of Lake Toba, It is a popular tourist destination due to its exotic Batak
Batak
history and the vistas it offers. The tourist resorts are concentrated in the Tuktuk, Tomok, Simanindo, and Pangururan areas. * Bukit Lawang known for the largest animal sanctuary of Sumatran orangutan (around 5,000 orangutans occupy the area), and also the main access point to the Gunung Leuser National Park from the east side. * Nias Island is an island off the western coast of Sumatra. Nias is an internationally popular surfing destination. The best known surfing area is Sorake Bay, close to the town of Teluk Dalam, on the southern tip. This is enclosed by the beaches of Lagundri and Sorake. Tourists can visit the island by plane from Medan
Medan
, or by ferry from Sibolga
Sibolga
. * Bawomataluo village is a settlement in the Teluk Dalam province of the South Nias Regency of Indonesia. The village is built on a flat-topped hill, the name Bawomataluo meaning "Sun Hill", and is one of the best-preserved villages built in traditional style. * Berastagi is a small highland town located 63 kilometers to the south of Medan, and is a popular weekend destination for city dwellers. * Dolok Tinggi Raja has a unique soil color is white because it is located in a limestone hill that resembles snow, and also in the middle of this area there are lakes with hot water with blue-green colored, located in Tinggi Raja, Simalungun. * Lumbini Natural Park
Lumbini Natural Park
is a Buddhist
Buddhist
theravada-style temple that is similar to Shwedagon Pagoda in Myanmar. * Dua Warna Waterfall is a two-coloured waterfall located on Sibolangit. * Poncan Island is a resort including a beaches located on west offshore of Sibolga
Sibolga
city. * Berhala Island is a 2,5 hectares island located in the Malaka Strait near the boundary of Indonesia
Indonesia
and Malaysia. It is a popular place for snorkeling and watching turtle nesting. Visitors can reach the island via boat from Sergei in the Serdang Bedagai regency. * Sipisopiso
Sipisopiso
, one of the highest waterfalls in Indonesia, is located near Tongging in Karo regency. * Simalem Resort, is a 5 star resort located around 8 km from Munthe village, Karo Regency. This place is the good place to sighseeing the whole Lake Toba from top of the Hill. * Taman Iman, Indonesian name for The Garden of Faith located in Sitinjo village, Dairi around 10 km away from Sidikalang , it is a religious garden with dioramas from 5 religion of Indonesia
Indonesia
(Islam, Christian, Buddhist, Hindu, and Confucian)

A Bahal Buddhist
Buddhist
temple, an archaeological site in Padang Lawas, North Sumatra
Sumatra

* Bahal temple , an ancient Buddhist
Buddhist
monastery located on Padang Bolak, Padang Lawas Regency
Padang Lawas Regency
, around 3 hours journey with car from Padangsidempuan . The temple believes constructed between the 11th to 13th century CE. * Sigura-Gura Waterfall located on Porsea, Toba Samosir Regency, this is a waterfall that has a height that reaches 250 meters. * Rahmat International Wildlife Museum and Gallery , is a natural history museum in Medan. The museum displays various taxidermy collections of wildlife from the smallest to the largest according to the habitat. * Tangkahan is a tourist site situated on the edge of the Gunung Leuser national park, around 20 km due north from Bukit Lawang, The main tourist draw at Tangkahan is the presence of Sumatran elephant . * Salib Kasih, Indonesian name for Love Cross, located on Tarutung
Tarutung
. The development objective of this cross-shaped monument is to commemorate the service and dedication of Dr. Ludwig Ingwer Nommensen which is a missionary from northern Germany. This Parks built on Dolok (Hill) Siatas Barita. * Lingga is one of the village in the Karo Regency. located at an altitude of about 1200 m above sea level, approximately 15 km from Brastagi and 5 km from the Kabanjahe. Linga is unique Karo traditional house and village that has been built an estimated of 250 years ago, but still sturdy

TRANSPORTATION

AIRPORTS

Exterior of Kuala Namu International Airport

The modern Kuala Namu International Airport was opened on July 25, 2013 and is located almost 40 kilometers from Medan. The airport replaces the old Polonia International Airport . It serves flights to several Indonesian and Malaysian cities, along with flights to Singapore
Singapore
, Thailand
Thailand
, Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
and Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia
. Flights to India and China
China
are also planned. In passenger numbers, Kuala Namu is the fifth largest airport in Indonesia.

Polonia International Airport (Indonesian : Bandar Udara Internasional Polonia) (IATA : MES, ICAO : WIMM) (popularly POLONIA AIRPORT, as in Indonesia
Indonesia
, BANDARA POLONIA) is located about 5 km from the Central Business District of Medan. It is the first international airport in Medan, although the airport is under air force authority. Polonia airport is the site of several crashes, is inappropriately located in the center of the city of Medan, has a difficult takeoff path and a short runway.

other airports in North Sumatra
Sumatra
are:

* Lasondre Airport in Batu Islands * Binaka Airport in Gunung Sitoli , Nias Island * Aek Godang Airport in Padang Sidempuan
Padang Sidempuan
, South Tapanauli Regency * Sibisa Airport in Ajibata, Toba Samosir Regency * Ferdinand Lumban Tobing Airport or Pinangsori Airport in Sibolga
Sibolga
, Centra Tapanauli Regency * Silangit Airport , in Siborong-Borong

SEAPORTS

North Sumatra
Sumatra
has an international seaport at Belawan , near Medan and is now preparing to have a new seaport at Kuala Tanjung, in Batubara Regency , for about Rp.1 trillion ($114 million) budget.

ROAD

Tanjung Morawa toll gate, in Deli Serdang , part of Belmera toll road

In North Sumatra, there is 2098.05 kilometers down a state-road, which pertained only steady 1095.70 kilometers or 52.22 percent and 418.60 kilometers or 19.95 percent in a state of being, remaining in a state of disrepair. While of 2752.41 kilometers of provincial roads, which is in a state of steady length 1237.60 kilometers or 44.96 per cent, while in a state of being 558.46 kilometers, or 20.29 percent. As damaged roads length 410.40 kilometers, or 14.91 percent, and the damaged length 545.95 kilometers, or 19.84 percent.

There are 28 km toll road in named as Belmera Toll Road in Medan, connecting from Belawan to Tanjungmorawa, passing east side of the city, the government also on going to built a 62 km Medan–Kuala Namu– Tebing Tinggi
Tebing Tinggi
Toll Road and 17 km Medan– Binjai Toll Road . A project to built toll road from Tebing Tinggi
Tebing Tinggi
to Parapat and also from Tebing Tinggi
Tebing Tinggi
to Kisaran also in proportion.

RAIL

Regional Division I North Sumatra
Sumatra
and Aceh
Aceh
or Divre I is regional railway from Aceh
Aceh
to North Sumatra
Sumatra
operated by Kereta Api Indonesia
Indonesia
, but only in-operation railway are from Binjai to Medan, Medan
Medan
to Pematangsiantar
Pematangsiantar
and Medan
Medan
to Rantau Parapat, there are an underconstruction rail way to Banda Aceh
Aceh
in Aceh
Aceh
province also to Pekanbaru
Pekanbaru
, Riau
Riau
province. Medan
Medan
also has it first airport rail link connecting from city to Kuala Namu Airport

REFERENCES

* ^ A B C D E F http://www.depkes.go.id/downloads/Penduduk%20Kab%20Kota%20Umur%20Tunggal%202014.pdf Estimasi Penduduk Menurut Umur Tunggal Dan Jenis Kelamin 2014 Kementerian Kesehatan * ^ Sejarah Pemerintah Provinsi Sumatera Utara * ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011. * ^ Indeks-Pembangunan-Manusia-2014 * ^ Indeks-Pembangunan-Manusia-2014 * ^ Indeks-Pembangunan-Manusia-2014 * ^ Indeks-Pembangunan-Manusia-2014 * ^ Account Suspended * ^ Indonesia's Population: Ethnicity and Religion in a Changing Political Landscape. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. 2003. ISBN 9812302123 * ^ "Sumatera Utara Province in figures 2016" * ^ Four Firms to Invest Rp1.5 Trln in Sei Mangkei Industrial Area, Sumatera * ^ Jurnas.com * ^ "Introducing Bawomataluo". Lonely Planet. Retrieved 21 November 2015. * ^ http://www.bukitlawang.com/Tangkahan * ^ http://www.azwisata.com/2016/11/tempat-wisata-di-sumatera-utara.html * ^ "Roda Empat Disediakan Menuju Bandara Kuala Namu". July 23, 2013. * ^ http://waspada.co.id/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=181542:n-sumatra-to-have-new-seaport&catid=30:english-newsborder:solid #aaa 1px">

* Indonesia
Indonesia
portal

Wikimedia Commons has media related to NORTH SUMATRA .

* North Sumatra
Sumatra
Government

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ADJACENT PLACES OF NORTH SUMATRA

Aceh
Aceh
Aceh
Aceh
Malacca Strait Peninsular Malaysia
Malaysia

Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean

Malacca Strait Peninsular Malaysia
Malaysia

NORTH SUMATRA

Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean
West Sumatra
Sumatra
Riau
Riau

* v * t * e

Regencies and Cities of North Sumatra, Indonesia
Indonesia

Capital: Medan
Medan

REGENCIES

* Asahan * Batubara * Dairi * Deli Serdang * Humbang Hasundutan * Karo * Labuhan Batu * South Labuhan Batu * North Labuhan Batu * Langkat * Mandailing Natal * Nias * West Nias * South Nias * North Nias * Padang Lawas * North Padang Lawas * Pakpak Bharat * Samosir * Serdang Bedagai * Simalungun * South Tapanuli * Central Tapanuli * North Tapanuli * Toba Samosir

CITIES

* Binjai * Gunung Sitoli * Medan
Medan
* Padang Sidempuan
Padang Sidempuan
* Pematangsiantar
Pematangsiantar
* Sibolga
Sibolga
* Tanjung Balai * Tebing Tinggi
Tebing Tinggi

See also: List of regencies and cities of Indonesia
Indonesia

* v * t * e

Provinces of Indonesia
Provinces of Indonesia

Capital: Jakarta
Jakarta

SUMATRA

* Aceh
Aceh
* Bangka-Belitung Islands
Bangka-Belitung Islands
* Bengkulu
Bengkulu
* Jambi
Jambi
* Lampung * North Sumatra * Riau
Riau
* Riau
Riau
Islands * South Sumatra
Sumatra
* West Sumatra
Sumatra

JAVA

* Banten
Banten
* Central Java
Central Java
* East Java
East Java
* West Java
West Java
* Jakarta
Jakarta
* Yogyakarta

KALIMANTAN

* Central Kalimantan
Kalimantan
* East Kalimantan
Kalimantan
* North Kalimantan
Kalimantan
* South Kalimantan
Kalimantan
* West Kalimantan
Kalimantan

LESSER SUNDA

* Bali
Bali
* East Nusa Tenggara
East Nusa Tenggara
* West Nusa Tenggara

SULAWESI

* Central Sulawesi
Sulawesi
* Gorontalo
Gorontalo
* North Sulawesi
Sulawesi
* Southeast Sulawesi
Sulawesi
* South Sulawesi
Sulawesi
* West Sulawesi
Sulawesi

MALUKU

* Maluku * North Maluku
North Maluku

PAPUA

* Papua * West Papua

SPECIAL REGIONS

* Aceh
Aceh
* Jakarta
Jakarta
* Papua * West Papua * Yogyakarta

LISTS BY

* GRP per capita * HDI *

.