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North Karelia (Finnish: Pohjois-Karjala; Swedish: Norra Karelen) is a region in eastern Finland. It borders the regions of Kainuu, North Savo, South Savo and South Karelia, as well as Russia (Republic of Karelia).

The city of Joensuu is the capital of North Karelia.

North Karelia is renowned among public health officials.[1][2] In the 1960s Finland led industrialized nations in heart disease mortality rates; North Karelia had Finland's highest incidence. In 1972 a long-term project was undertaken which targeted this risk in North Karelia.[3] The resulting improvement in public health is still considered remarkable, a model for the rest of the nation.[4]

Historical province

Municipalities

The region of North Karelia is made up of 12 municipalities, of which five have city status (marked in bold).

Heraldry

The coat of arms of North Karelia is composed of the arms of Karelia.

Education

Institutions of higher education in North Karelia include:

Heraldry<

HeraldryThe coat of arms of North Karelia is composed of the arms of Karelia.

Education

Institutions of higher education in North Karelia include: