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The NORTH ISLAND or TE IKA-A-MāUI (Māori ) is one of the two main islands of New Zealand
New Zealand
, separated from the slightly larger but much less populous South Island
South Island
by Cook Strait
Cook Strait
. The island's area is 113,729 square kilometres (43,911 sq mi), making it the world\'s 14th-largest island . It has a population of 3,596,200 (June 2016).

Twelve main urban areas (half of them officially cities) are in the North Island. From north to south, they are Whangarei , Auckland
Auckland
, Hamilton , Tauranga , Rotorua , Gisborne , New Plymouth , Napier , Hastings , Whanganui , Palmerston North , and Wellington
Wellington
, the capital, located at the south-west extremity of the island. About 77% of New Zealand's population lives in the North Island.

CONTENTS

* 1 Naming and usage * 2 Māori mythology * 3 Economy * 4 Ecology * 5 Regions * 6 Cities and towns * 7 Healthcare

* 8 Major geographic features

* 8.1 Bays and coastal features * 8.2 Lakes and rivers * 8.3 Capes and peninsulas * 8.4 Forests and national parks * 8.5 Volcanology * 8.6 Other

* 9 See also * 10 References * 11 External links

NAMING AND USAGE

Although the island has been known as the North Island
North Island
for many years, in 2009 the New Zealand
New Zealand
Geographic Board found that, along with the South Island, the North Island
North Island
had no official name. After a public consultation, the board officially named the island North Island or Te Ika-a-Maui in October 2013.

In prose, the two main islands of New Zealand
New Zealand
are called the North Island and the South Island, with the definite articles. It is normal to use the preposition in rather than on, for example "Hamilton is in the North Island", "my mother lives in the North Island". Maps, headings, tables and adjectival expressions use North Island
North Island
without the.

MāORI MYTHOLOGY

According to Māori mythology , the North and South Islands of New Zealand arose through the actions of the demigod Māui . Māui and his brothers were fishing from their canoe (the South Island) when he caught a great fish and pulled it from the sea. While he was not looking his brothers fought over the fish and chopped it up. This great fish became the North Island
North Island
and thus a Māori name for the North Island
North Island
is Te Ika-a-Māui (The Fish of Māui). The mountains and valleys are believed to have been formed as a result of Māui's brothers' hacking at the fish. Until the early 20th Century, an alternative Māori name for the North Island
North Island
was Aotearoa . In present usage, Aotearoa is a collective name for New Zealand
New Zealand
as a whole.

ECONOMY

The sub-national GDP of the North Island
North Island
was estimated at US$102.863 billion in 2003, 79% of New Zealand's national GDP.

ECOLOGY

The North Island
North Island
is divided into two ecoregions within the Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests Biome , the northern part being the Northland temperate kauri forest , and the southern part being the North Island
North Island
temperate forests. The island has an extensive flora and bird population, with numerous National Parks and other protected areas.

REGIONS

Territorial authorities of the North Island
North Island

Nine local government regions cover the North Island
North Island
and all its adjacent islands and territorial waters.

* Northland * Auckland
Auckland
* Waikato * Bay of Plenty
Bay of Plenty
* Gisborne * Taranaki * Manawatu-Wanganui * Hawkes Bay * Wellington
Wellington

CITIES AND TOWNS

The North Island
North Island
has a larger population than the South Island
South Island
with both the country's largest city, Auckland
Auckland
as well as the capital, Wellington
Wellington
at either ends of the island. Map of the North Island showing some of its cities

URBAN AREAS OF THE NORTH ISLAND BY POPULATION

URBAN AREA REGION POPULATION (JUNE 2016)

URBAN AREA REGION POPULATION (JUNE 2016)

1 AUCKLAND Auckland
Auckland
7006149500000000000♠1,495,000

11 WANGANUI Manawatu-Wanganui 7004396000000000000♠39,600

2 WELLINGTON Wellington
Wellington
7005405000000000000♠405,000

13 GISBORNE Gisborne 7004361000000000000♠36,100

3 HAMILTON Waikato 7005230000000000000♠230,000

13 PUKEKOHE Auckland
Auckland
7004298000000000000♠29,800

4 TAURANGA Bay of Plenty
Bay of Plenty
7005134400000000000♠134,400

14 TAUPO Waikato 7004241000000000000♠24,100

5 NAPIER-HASTINGS Hawke\'s Bay 7005131000000000000♠131,000

15 MASTERTON Wellington
Wellington
7004212000000000000♠21,200

6 PALMERSTON NORTH Manawatu-Wanganui 7004843000000000000♠84,300

16 LEVIN Manawatu-Wanganui 7004206000000000000♠20,600

7 ROTORUA Bay of Plenty
Bay of Plenty
7004578000000000000♠57,800

17 WHAKATāNE Bay of Plenty
Bay of Plenty
7004196000000000000♠19,600

8 NEW PLYMOUTH Taranaki 7004568000000000000♠56,800

18 FEILDING Manawatu-Wanganui 7004162500000000000♠16,250

9 WHANGAREI Northland 7004564000000000000♠56,400

19 TOKOROA Waikato 7004137000000000000♠13,700

10 KAPITI Wellington
Wellington
7004418000000000000♠41,800

20 HAWERA Taranaki 7004118000000000000♠11,800

HEALTHCARE

See also: Health care in New Zealand
New Zealand

Healthcare in the North Island
North Island
is provided by fifteen District Health Boards (DHBs) . Organised around geographical areas of varying population sizes, they are not coterminous with the Local Government Regions .

DISTRICT HEALTH BOARD DISTRICT POPULATION

Northland District Health Board (Te Poari Hauora a Rohe o te Tai Tokerau) Whangarei District , Far North District , Kaipara District 159,160

Waitemata District Health Board (Te Wai Awhina) Auckland
Auckland
Region 525,000

Auckland
Auckland
District Health Board (Te Toka Tumai) Auckland
Auckland
Region 468,000

Counties Manukau District Health Board (A Community Partnership) Auckland
Auckland
Region 490,610

Waikato District Health Board ( Waikato DHB) Hamilton City , Hauraki District , Matamata-Piako District , Otorohanga District , part of Ruapehu District , South Waikato , Thames-Coromandel District , Waikato District , Waipa District , Waitomo District 372,865

Bay of Plenty
Bay of Plenty
District Health Board (Hauora a Toi) Tauranga City , Western Bay of Plenty District , Whakatāne District , Kawerau District , Opotiki District 214,170

Lakes District Health Board (Lakes DHB) Rotorua District , Taupo
Taupo
District 102,000

Tairawhiti District Health Board (Te Mana Hauora o te Tairawhiti) Gisborne District 44,499

Hawke's Bay District Health Board (Whakawateatia) Napier City , Hastings District , Wairoa District , Central Hawke\'s Bay District , Chatham Islands
Chatham Islands
155,000

Taranaki District Health Board ( Taranaki DHB) New Plymouth District , Stratford District , South Taranaki District 104,280

Whanganui District Health Board ( Whanganui DHB) Wanganui District , Rangitikei District , part of Ruapehu District 62,210

Mid Central District Health Board (Te Pae Hauora o Ruahine o Tararua) Palmerston North City , Horowhenua District , Manawatu District , Tararua District , part of Kapiti Coast District 158,838

Wairarapa District Health Board (Te Poari Hauora a Rohe o Wairarapa) South Wairarapa District
South Wairarapa District
, Carterton District , Masterton
Masterton
District 38,200

Hutt Valley District Health Board (Healthy People) Lower Hutt City , Upper Hutt City 145,000

Capital and Coast District Health Board (Upoko ki te Uru Hauora) Wellington
Wellington
City , Porirua City , part of Kapiti Coast District 270,000

MAJOR GEOGRAPHIC FEATURES

The North Island, in relation to the South Island
South Island

BAYS AND COASTAL FEATURES

* Bay of Plenty
Bay of Plenty
* Hauraki Gulf * Hawke Bay * Ninety Mile Beach

LAKES AND RIVERS

* Lake Taupo
Taupo
* Waikato River

CAPES AND PENINSULAS

* Coromandel Peninsula * North Auckland
Auckland
Peninsula * Cape Palliser * Cape Reinga * East Cape

FORESTS AND NATIONAL PARKS

* Tongariro National Park * Waipoua Kauri Forest

VOLCANOLOGY

* Mount Ruapehu * Mount Taranaki * Volcanic Plateau

OTHER

* Waitomo Caves * Taumatawhakatangihangakoauauotamateapokaiwhenuakitanatahu

SEE ALSO

* List of islands of New Zealand
New Zealand

REFERENCES

* ^ "Quick Facts - Land and Environment : Geography - Physical Features". Statistics New Zealand. 2000. Retrieved 13 August 2012. * ^ "Subnational Population Estimates: At 30 June 2016 (provisional)". Statistics New Zealand
New Zealand
. 21 October 2016. Retrieved 21 October 2016. For urban areas, "Subnational population estimates (UA, AU), by age and sex, at 30 June 1996, 2001, 2006-16 (2017 boundary)". Statistics New Zealand
New Zealand
. 21 October 2016. Retrieved 21 October 2016. * ^ On some 19th-century maps, the North Island
North Island
is named New Ulster , which was also a province of New Zealand
New Zealand
that included the North Island. * ^ "The New Zealand
New Zealand
Geographic Board Considers North and South Island Names". Land Information New Zealand. 21 April 2009. Retrieved 28 November 2012. * ^ "Two official options for NZ island names". NZ Herald. 10 October 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2013. * ^ "Regional Gross Domestic Product". Statistics New Zealand
New Zealand
. 2007. Retrieved 18 February 2010.

EXTERNAL LINKS

* North Island
North Island
travel guide from

.