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The North Island
North Island
or Te Ika-a-Māui (Māori) is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the slightly larger but much less populous South Island
South Island
by Cook Strait. The island's area is 113,729 square kilometres (43,911 sq mi),[1] making it the world's 14th-largest island. It has a population of 3,677,200 (June 2017).[2] Twelve main urban areas (half of them officially cities) are in the North Island. From north to south, they are Whangarei, Auckland, Hamilton, Tauranga, Rotorua, Gisborne, New Plymouth, Napier, Hastings, Whanganui, Palmerston North, and Wellington, the capital, located at the south-west extremity of the island. About 77% of New Zealand's population lives in the North Island.

Contents

1 Naming and usage 2 Māori mythology 3 Economy 4 Ecology 5 Regions 6 Cities and towns 7 Demographics

7.1 Culture and identity

8 Healthcare 9 Major geographic features

9.1 Bays and coastal features 9.2 Lakes and rivers 9.3 Capes and peninsulas 9.4 Forests and national parks 9.5 Volcanology 9.6 Other

10 See also 11 References 12 External links

Naming and usage[edit] Although the island has been known as the North Island
North Island
for many years,[3] in 2009 the New Zealand
New Zealand
Geographic Board found that, along with the South Island, the North Island
North Island
had no official name.[4] After a public consultation, the board officially named the island North Island or Te Ika-a-Maui in October 2013.[5] In prose, the two main islands of New Zealand
New Zealand
are called the North Island and the South Island, with the definite articles. It is normal to use the preposition in rather than on, for example "Hamilton is in the North Island", "my mother lives in the North Island". Maps, headings, tables and adjectival expressions use North Island
North Island
without the. Māori mythology[edit] According to Māori mythology, the North and South Islands of New Zealand arose through the actions of the demigod Māui. Māui and his brothers were fishing from their canoe (the South Island) when he caught a great fish and pulled it from the sea. While he was not looking his brothers fought over the fish and chopped it up. This great fish became the North Island
North Island
and thus a Māori name for the North Island
North Island
is Te Ika-a-Māui ("The Fish of Māui"). The mountains and valleys are believed to have been formed as a result of Māui's brothers' hacking at the fish. Until the early 20th Century, an alternative Māori name for the North Island
North Island
was Aotearoa. In present usage, Aotearoa
Aotearoa
is a collective name for New Zealand
New Zealand
as a whole. Economy[edit] The sub-national GDP of the North Island
North Island
was estimated at US$102.863 billion in 2003, 79% of New Zealand's national GDP.[6] Ecology[edit] The North Island
North Island
is divided into two ecoregions within the Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests Biome, the northern part being the Northland temperate kauri forest, and the southern part being the North Island
North Island
temperate forests. The island has an extensive flora and bird population, with numerous National Parks and other protected areas. Regions[edit]

Territorial authorities of the North Island

Nine local government regions cover the North Island
North Island
and all its adjacent islands and territorial waters.

Northland Auckland Waikato Bay of Plenty Gisborne Taranaki Manawatu-Wanganui Hawkes Bay Wellington

Cities and towns[edit] The North Island
North Island
has a larger population than the South Island, with the country's largest city, Auckland, and the capital, Wellington, at the ends of the island.

Map of the North Island
North Island
showing some of its cities

Urban areas of the North Island
North Island
by population

Urban area Region Population (June 2017)

Urban area Region Population (June 2017)

1 Auckland Auckland 7006153470000000000♠1,534,700   11 Wanganui Manawatu-Wanganui 7004403000000000000♠40,300

2 Wellington Wellington 7005412500000000000♠412,500   12 Gisborne Gisborne 7004366000000000000♠36,600

3 Hamilton Waikato 7005235900000000000♠235,900   13 Pukekohe Auckland 7004308000000000000♠30,800

4 Tauranga Bay of Plenty 7005137900000000000♠137,900   14 Taupo Waikato 7004245000000000000♠24,500

5 Napier-Hastings Hawke's Bay 7005133000000000000♠133,000   15 Masterton Wellington 7004218000000000000♠21,800

6 Palmerston North Manawatu-Wanganui 7004853000000000000♠85,300   16 Levin Manawatu-Wanganui 7004209000000000000♠20,900

7 Rotorua Bay of Plenty 7004588000000000000♠58,800   17 Whakatāne Bay of Plenty 7004197000000000000♠19,700

8 New Plymouth Taranaki 7004575000000000000♠57,500   18 Feilding Manawatu-Wanganui 7004165500000000000♠16,550

9 Whangarei Northland 7004577000000000000♠57,700   19 Tokoroa Waikato 7004139500000000000♠13,950

10 Kapiti Wellington 7004423000000000000♠42,300   20 Hawera Taranaki 7004119500000000000♠11,950

Demographics[edit] Culture and identity[edit]

Ethnic groups of North Island
North Island
residents, 2013 census[7]

Ethnicity Number %

European 2,122,587 69.6

    New Zealand
New Zealand
European 1,934,037 63.4

   English 30,393 1.0

   British 27,024 0.9

   South African 24,921 0.8

   Dutch 21,549 0.7

   European (not further defined) 20,955 0.7

   Australian 16,431 0.5

Māori 514,809 16.9

Asian 418,287 13.7

   Chinese 145,089 4.8

   Indian 134,559 4.4

   Filipino 32,796 1.1

   Korean 25,842 0.8

Pacific peoples 274,806 9.0

   Samoan 133,968 4.4

   Cook Islands Maori 56,910 1.9

   Tongan 56,685 1.9

   Niuean 22,878 0.7

Middle Eastern/Latin American/African 39,510 1.3

Other 47,394 1.6

   New Zealander 45,906 1.5

Total people stated 3,050,874 100.0

Not elsewhere included 186,174 5.8

Healthcare[edit] See also: Health care in New Zealand Healthcare in the North Island
North Island
is provided by fifteen District Health Boards (DHBs). Organised around geographical areas of varying population sizes, they are not coterminous with the Local Government Regions.

District Health Board District Population

Northland District Health Board (Te Poari Hauora a Rohe o te Tai Tokerau) Whangarei
Whangarei
District, Far North District, Kaipara District 159,160

Waitemata District Health Board (Te Wai Awhina) Auckland
Auckland
Region 525,000

Auckland
Auckland
District Health Board (Te Toka Tumai) Auckland
Auckland
Region 468,000

Counties Manukau District Health Board (A Community Partnership) Auckland
Auckland
Region 490,610

Waikato
Waikato
District Health Board ( Waikato
Waikato
DHB) Hamilton City, Hauraki District, Matamata-Piako District, Otorohanga District, part of Ruapehu District, South Waikato, Thames-Coromandel District, Waikato
Waikato
District, Waipa District, Waitomo District 372,865

Bay of Plenty
Bay of Plenty
District Health Board (Hauora a Toi) Tauranga
Tauranga
City, Western Bay of Plenty
Bay of Plenty
District, Whakatāne District, Kawerau District, Opotiki District 214,170

Lakes District Health Board (Lakes DHB) Rotorua
Rotorua
District, Taupo
Taupo
District 102,000

Tairawhiti District Health Board (Te Mana Hauora o te Tairawhiti) Gisborne District 44,499

Hawke's Bay District Health Board (Whakawateatia) Napier City, Hastings District, Wairoa District, Central Hawke's Bay District, Chatham Islands 155,000

Taranaki
Taranaki
District Health Board ( Taranaki
Taranaki
DHB) New Plymouth
New Plymouth
District, Stratford District, South Taranaki
Taranaki
District 104,280

Whanganui
Whanganui
District Health Board ( Whanganui
Whanganui
DHB) Wanganui District, Rangitikei District, part of Ruapehu District 62,210

Mid Central District Health Board (Te Pae Hauora o Ruahine o Tararua) Palmerston North
Palmerston North
City, Horowhenua District, Manawatu District, Tararua District, part of Kapiti Coast District 158,838

Wairarapa District Health Board (Te Poari Hauora a Rohe o Wairarapa) South Wairarapa District, Carterton District, Masterton
Masterton
District 38,200

Hutt Valley District Health Board (Healthy People) Lower Hutt City, Upper Hutt City 145,000

Capital and Coast District Health Board (Upoko ki te Uru Hauora) Wellington
Wellington
City, Porirua City, part of Kapiti Coast District 270,000

Major geographic features[edit]

The North Island, in relation to the South Island

Bays and coastal features[edit]

Bay of Islands Bay of Plenty Hauraki Gulf Hawke Bay Ninety Mile Beach North Taranaki
Taranaki
Bight South Taranaki
Taranaki
Bight

Lakes and rivers[edit]

Lake Taupo Waikato
Waikato
River Whanganui
Whanganui
River

Capes and peninsulas[edit]

Coromandel Peninsula Northland Peninsula Cape Palliser Cape Reinga East Cape North Cape

Forests and national parks[edit]

Egmont National Park Tongariro National Park Waipoua Kauri Forest Whanganui
Whanganui
National Park and many forest parks of New Zealand

Volcanology[edit]

Mount Ruapehu Mount Taranaki Volcanic Plateau

Other[edit]

Waitomo Caves Taumatawhakatangihangakoauauotamateapokaiwhenuakitanatahu

See also[edit]

List of islands of New Zealand

References[edit]

^ "Quick Facts - Land and Environment : Geography - Physical Features". Statistics New Zealand. 2000. Archived from the original on 8 April 2013. Retrieved 13 August 2012.  ^ "Subnational Population Estimates: At 30 June 2017 (provisional)". Statistics New Zealand. 24 October 2017. Retrieved 24 October 2017.  For urban areas, "Subnational population estimates (UA, AU), by age and sex, at 30 June 1996, 2001, 2006-16 (2017 boundary)". Statistics New Zealand. 24 October 2017. Retrieved 24 October 2017.  ^ On some 19th-century maps, the North Island
North Island
is named New Ulster, which was also a province of New Zealand
New Zealand
that included the North Island. ^ "The New Zealand
New Zealand
Geographic Board Considers North and South Island Names". Land Information New Zealand. 21 April 2009. Retrieved 28 November 2012.  ^ "Two official options for NZ island names". The New Zealand
New Zealand
Herald. 10 October 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2013.  ^ "Regional Gross Domestic Product". Statistics New Zealand. 2007. Archived from the original on 20 May 2010. Retrieved 18 February 2010.  ^ "Ethnic group (total responses), for the census usually resident population count, 2001, 2006, and 2013 Censuses (RC, TA, AU)". Statistics New Zealand. 

External links[edit]

North Island
North Island
travel guide from Wikivoyage

v t e

Regions of New Zealand

North Island

Northland Auckland* Waikato Bay of Plenty Gisborne* Hawke's Bay Taranaki Manawatu-Wanganui Wellington

South Island

Tasman* Marlborough* Nelson* West Coast Canterbury Otago Southland

* Governed by a unitary authority rather than a regional council

Coordinates: 38°24′S 175°43′E / 38.400°S 175.717°E / -38.400; 175.717

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 240327

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