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Cotabato, formerly but colloquially known as North Cotabato (Hiligaynon: Amihanon nga Kotabato; Ilocano: Makin-amianan nga Cotabato; Cebuano: Amihanang Kotabato; Maguindanaoan: Kuta Wato Nort), is a landlocked province in the Philippines
Philippines
located in the SOCCSKSARGEN
SOCCSKSARGEN
region in Mindanao. Its capital is Kidapawan
Kidapawan
City.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Early history 1.2 Spanish occupation 1.3 American occupation 1.4 World War II 1.5 Sovereign Philippines

2 Geography

2.1 Administrative divisions 2.2 Isolation Due To Future Establishment Of Bangsamoro

3 Demographics

3.1 Religion

4 Economy 5 Government 6 References 7 External links

History[edit] See also: Cotabato
Cotabato
(historical province) Early history[edit] Cotabato
Cotabato
derives its name from the Maguindanao
Maguindanao
word kuta wato (from Malay - "Kota Batu"), meaning "stone fort", referring to the stone fort which served as the seat of Sultan Muhammad Kudarat
Muhammad Kudarat
in what is now Cotabato City
Cotabato City
(which the province derives its name from). Islam
Islam
was introduced in this part of the country in the later part of 15th century by Sharif Mohammed Kabungsuwan, an Arabo-Malay Muslim warrior-missionary. Sharif Kabungsuwan invaded Malabang
Malabang
in 1475, facing armed resistance from the non-Muslim natives, nevertheless successfully vanquishing and subjugating them to his (Islamic) rule through the might of his Samal warriors.[3] Modern historians have pointed to the Cotabato
Cotabato
delta as the medieval location of Toupo, the successor of the Maguindanao/Cotabato Sultanate.[4][not in citation given] Further information: Sultanate of Maguindanao Spanish occupation[edit] Christianity was introduced in 1596, but the Spaniards were unable to penetrate into the region until the second half of the 19th century. The district of Cotabato
Cotabato
was formed in 1860,[5] covering the areas of what is now Cotabato, Maguindanao
Maguindanao
and Sultan Kudarat
Sultan Kudarat
provinces with its capital at Tamontaka. Fort Pikit was established by the Spaniards in 1893 as they continued their conquest of the remnants of Maguindanao
Maguindanao
Sultanate, which would soon be the site of one of the province's oldest towns, Pikit. Further information: Spanish–Moro conflict American occupation[edit] The coming of the Americans ushered in the creation of the Moro Province on July 15, 1903, through Act No. 787 of the Philippine Commission. Cotabato, covering what are now the provinces of Cotabato, Maguindanao, Sultan Kudarat, South Cotabato
South Cotabato
and Sarangani, became a district of the huge Moro province. During the American period, large companies were established in Cotabato
Cotabato
to exploit the vast timber resources of the region. By the 1930s, settlers from Luzon
Luzon
and Visayas established homesteads in Cotabato. Further information: Moro Province
Moro Province
and Department of Mindanao
Mindanao
and Sulu World War II[edit]

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In December 1941, Japanese planes bombed and invaded in Cotabato. In 1942, Cotabato
Cotabato
was occupied by the Japanese Imperial forces. The establishment of the military general headquarters of the Philippine Commonwealth Army was active on January 3, 1942 to June 30, 1946 and the Philippine Constabulary
Philippine Constabulary
10th Constabulary Regiment was active again on October 28, 1944 to June 30, 1946 and military stationed on Cotabato. Moro guerrilla fighters invaded around the province of Cotabato
Cotabato
and help them of all local force of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and pre-war Philippine Constabulary
Philippine Constabulary
10th Constabulary Regiments by fought against the Imperial Japanese Army until 1944, the Moro guerrillas was retreating Japanese troops before liberated. In 1945, Cotabato
Cotabato
was recaptured from the Japanese Imperial forces by the combined Filipino and American troops together with the recognized Moro guerrilla units. The guerrillas used the traditional Moro Kampilan, Barong and Kris
Kris
swords. Further information: Battle of Maguindanao
Maguindanao
and Battle of Cotabato (1945) Sovereign Philippines[edit] The pace of settlement in the region accelerated in the 1950s and 1960s. The former province of Cotabato
Cotabato
was once the largest in the Philippines. In 1966, South Cotabato
South Cotabato
was created as a separate province.[6] In 1992, the province of Sarangani
Sarangani
was formed out of South Cotabato.[7] On November 22, 1973, through Presidential Decree No. 341, what remained of the old Cotabato
Cotabato
was further divided into the provinces of North Cotabato, Maguindanao, and Sultan Kudarat.[8] North Cotabato
Cotabato
was later renamed Cotabato
Cotabato
through Batas Pambansa Blg. 660 approved on March 7, 1984.[9] Cotabato
Cotabato
now comprises the capital city of Kidapawan, 17 municipalities, and 543 barangays. The province currently has three congressional districts. Geography[edit] Cotabato
Cotabato
covers a total area of 9,008.90 square kilometres (3,478.36 sq mi)[10] occupying the northeastern tip of Region XII and is centrally located in Mindanao. It is bounded on the north by the provinces of Lanao del Sur
Lanao del Sur
and Bukidnon, on the east by Davao City
Davao City
and Davao del Norte, on the west by Maguindanao
Maguindanao
and on the southeast by Sultan Kudarat
Sultan Kudarat
and Davao del Sur. Cotabato
Cotabato
is strategically linked to the major "Arterial Road System" that traverses and connects the province to Davao City
Davao City
- SOCCSKSARGEN - Cotabato
Cotabato
Corridor. The Cotabato
Cotabato
via Kabacan - Maramag - Kibawe, Bukidnon
Bukidnon
Sayre Highway
Sayre Highway
meanwhile serves as its link to the Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro- Iligan
Iligan
City Corridor. Cotabato
Cotabato
stretches from the east at Mount Apo, which separates it from Davao, to the Piapayungan Range on its boundary with Lanao in the west.[11] Between these highlands is the basin of the Pulangi River
Pulangi River
or Rio Grande de Mindanao,[11] the second longest in the Philippines
Philippines
at 373 kilometres (232 mi), which rises in Bukidnon
Bukidnon
and flows south to Maguindanao
Maguindanao
and Illana Bay. The province’s fertile plains are traversed by tributaries of this great river. Typhoons do not pass through Cotabato
Cotabato
and rainfall is evenly distributed throughout the year.[11]

Climate data for Cotabato

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 30.5 (86.9) 31.0 (87.8) 32.0 (89.6) 32.8 (91) 32.2 (90) 31.8 (89.2) 31.3 (88.3) 31.5 (88.7) 31.8 (89.2) 32.3 (90.1) 31.8 (89.2) 31.3 (88.3) 31.69 (89.03)

Average low °C (°F) 23.7 (74.7) 23.9 (75) 24.1 (75.4) 24.7 (76.5) 24.8 (76.6) 24.6 (76.3) 24.4 (75.9) 24.5 (76.1) 24.4 (75.9) 24.4 (75.9) 24.4 (75.9) 24.2 (75.6) 24.34 (75.82)

Average rainy days 15 11 13 11 15 17 15 14 13 15 15 13 167

Source: Storm247 [12]

Administrative divisions[edit] Cotabato
Cotabato
comprises 17 municipalities and one city.[10]

 †  Provincial capital and component city      Municipality

City or municipality District[10] Population ±% p.a. Area[10] Density Brgy. Coordinates[A]

(2015)[2] (2010)[13]

km2 sq mi /km2 /sq mi

Alamada 1st 7000470000000000000♠4.7% 64,596 56,813 2.47% 787.50 304.06 82 210 17 7°23′24″N 124°32′59″E / 7.3900°N 124.5498°E / 7.3900; 124.5498 (Alamada)

Aleosan 1st 7000290000000000000♠2.9% 39,405 35,746 1.87% 225.44 87.04 170 440 19 7°09′08″N 124°34′53″E / 7.1523°N 124.5813°E / 7.1523; 124.5813 (Aleosan)

Antipas 2nd 7000180000000000000♠1.8% 25,304 25,242 0.05% 552.50 213.32 46 120 13 7°14′42″N 125°03′14″E / 7.2450°N 125.0539°E / 7.2450; 125.0539 (Antipas)

Arakan 2nd 7000350000000000000♠3.5% 48,228 43,554 1.96% 693.22 267.65 70 180 28 7°21′05″N 125°07′34″E / 7.3514°N 125.1262°E / 7.3514; 125.1262 (Arakan)

Banisilan 3rd 7000320000000000000♠3.2% 43,677 39,914 1.73% 577.22 222.87 76 200 20 7°30′21″N 124°41′41″E / 7.5058°N 124.6947°E / 7.5058; 124.6947 (Banisilan)

Carmen 3rd 7000700000000000000♠7.0% 95,921 82,469 2.92% 1,110.43 428.74 86 220 28 7°12′16″N 124°47′43″E / 7.2045°N 124.7953°E / 7.2045; 124.7953 (Carmen)

Kabacan 3rd 7000650000000000000♠6.5% 89,161 81,282 1.78% 448.09 173.01 200 520 24 7°07′00″N 124°49′00″E / 7.1166°N 124.8166°E / 7.1166; 124.8166 (Kabacan)

Kidapawan † 2nd 7001102009999900000♠10.2% 140,195 125,447 2.14% 358.47 138.41 390 1,000 40 7°00′30″N 125°05′30″E / 7.0083°N 125.0916°E / 7.0083; 125.0916 (Kidapawan)

Libungan 1st 7000350000000000000♠3.5% 48,768 45,295 1.42% 172.50 66.60 280 730 20 7°14′25″N 124°31′11″E / 7.2403°N 124.5198°E / 7.2403; 124.5198 (Libungan)

M'lang 3rd 7000690000000000000♠6.9% 95,070 87,749 1.54% 312.13 120.51 300 780 37 6°56′47″N 124°52′42″E / 6.9463°N 124.8783°E / 6.9463; 124.8783 (M'lang)

Magpet 2nd 7000360000000000000♠3.6% 49,201 45,183 1.64% 755.36 291.65 65 170 32 7°06′08″N 125°07′28″E / 7.1023°N 125.1245°E / 7.1023; 125.1245 (Magpet)

Makilala 2nd 7000610000000000000♠6.1% 83,851 77,508 1.51% 343.57 132.65 240 620 38 6°57′41″N 125°05′09″E / 6.9613°N 125.0858°E / 6.9613; 125.0858 (Makilala)

Matalam 3rd 7000580000000000000♠5.8% 79,361 74,034 1.33% 476.00 183.78 170 440 34 7°05′55″N 124°53′59″E / 7.0986°N 124.8998°E / 7.0986; 124.8998 (Matalam)

Midsayap 1st 7001110000000000000♠11.0% 151,684 134,170 2.36% 290.42 112.13 520 1,300 57 7°11′21″N 124°32′06″E / 7.1891°N 124.5349°E / 7.1891; 124.5349 (Midsayap)

Pigcawayan 1st 7000480000000000000♠4.8% 66,796 59,975 2.07% 340.11 131.32 200 520 40 7°16′45″N 124°25′27″E / 7.2791°N 124.4242°E / 7.2791; 124.4242 (Pigcawayan)

Pikit 1st 7001112000000000000♠11.2% 154,441 113,014 6.13% 604.61 233.44 260 670 42 7°03′13″N 124°40′20″E / 7.0537°N 124.6722°E / 7.0537; 124.6722 (Pikit)

President Roxas 2nd 7000340000000000000♠3.4% 47,575 44,229 1.40% 618.25 238.71 77 200 25 7°09′15″N 125°03′19″E / 7.1543°N 125.0554°E / 7.1543; 125.0554 (President Roxas)

Tulunan 3rd 7000410009999999999♠4.1% 56,513 54,884 0.56% 343.08 132.46 160 410 29 6°49′50″N 124°52′22″E / 6.8305°N 124.8728°E / 6.8305; 124.8728 (Tulunan)

Total 1,379,747 1,226,508 2.27% 9,008.90 3,478.36 150 390 543 (see GeoGroup box)

^ Coordinates
Coordinates
mark the city/town center, and are sortable by latitude.

Isolation Due To Future Establishment Of Bangsamoro[edit] During the 2001 Referendum for inclusion to the Autonomous Region in Muslin Mindanao, two (2) out of twenty-eight (28) barangays of Carmen, Cotabato
Cotabato
chose to be part of ARMM, but were excluded because they are not connected to the main region of ARMM. During 2010-2016 Administration, the Bangsamoro ideal sprouted and a newly proposed region was in the making. According to the agreements signed by the Moro Islamic Liberation Front and the Administration of Noynoy Aquino, Carmen will be included in Bangsamoro because of the two out of twenty-eight barangays that voted in favor of joining the Muslim region back in 2001. Unfortunately, Bangsamoro was not implemented before the term of Aquino ended. Despite this, the current administration aims to establish a Federal Government, where Bangamoro will be realized into a State of the Philippines
Philippines
wherein Carmen will be included in Bangsamoro. Plans to establish a new municipality in the south of Carmen so that the indigenous and Christian central and northern part of Carmen will be retained in North Cotabato
Cotabato
has yet to be confirmed. The idea arose because once the entire municipality of Carmen is included in Bangsamoro, the province of North Cotabato
Cotabato
will be cut into half, leaving three towns (Banisilan, Alamada, and Libungan) at its west without connection to the center of North Cotabato, isolating these towns in the process. Demographics[edit]

Population census of Cotabato

Year Pop. ±% p.a.

1990 763,995 —    

1995 862,666 +2.30%

2000 958,643 +2.29%

2007 1,121,974 +2.19%

2010 1,226,508 +3.29%

2015 1,379,747 +2.27%

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[2][13][13]

Spoken languages in Cotabato

Languages

percentage

Hiligaynon

46%

Maguindanao

38%

Cebuano

8%

Ilocano

4%

Based on the 2015 census, Cotabato
Cotabato
has an overall population of 1,379,747.[2] The average population growth rate was 2.27% in the period 2010-2015, which is higher than the national average of 1.72%. The province had a density of 150 inhabitants per square kilometre or 390 inhabitants per square mile. Cotabato
Cotabato
is a melting pot of people. The first Visayan settlers reached the town of Pikit in 1913, and since then, Christian migrants have moved and lived in Cotabato, cohabitating the province with the local indigenous groups. 71% of Cotabato’s population are migrants from Visayas
Visayas
and Luzon, while the remaining 18% belong to the tribal communities of Manobo, T'boli
T'boli
and Maguindanao. The major languages spoken are Hiligaynon (46%), Maguindanao
Maguindanao
(38%), Cebuano (8%), and Ilocano (4%).[11] Religion[edit] Cotabato
Cotabato
is a majority Roman Catholic province with 51% of the province population adhere to it.[14] Islam
Islam
is a significant religion, mainly practiced by the Maguindanaons, and forms 26% of the province population.[15] The other significant minorities are Protestant and Evangelical Christians which forms about 16% of the population.[16] Other religions include animist and Iglesia Ni Cristo which forms 2% of the Province population.[17] Economy[edit] Cotabato
Cotabato
is considered a major food basket in Mindanao. It is a top producer of cereals, tropical fruits, vegetables, sugarcane, coconut, coffee, freshwater fish and livestock. It is also one of the country’s leading producers of raw and semi-processed rubber and industrial trees,[18] with markets in Asia and Europe. Among its major natural assets are Mt. Apo, the country’s highest peak at 9,692 feet (2,954 m) above sea level, the Pulangi River which is a major contributor to Mindanao’s irrigation system and hydro-electric energy, and the vast Liguasan Marsh
Liguasan Marsh
which not only supplies a bounty of freshwater fish and organic fertilizer but considered as a possible source as well of natural gas. Power utility in the province comes from two energy sources - the NAPOCOR Agus Grid in Iligan
Iligan
transmitted through its Tacurong Substations and the Mindanao
Mindanao
1 Geothermal Power Plant at the foot of Mt. Apo
Mt. Apo
in Ilomavis, Kidapawan
Kidapawan
City which produces 97 megawatts of electricity. Power distribution is handled by Cotabato
Cotabato
Electric Cooperative, Inc. (COTELCO). The province has a 4,131.32-kilometre (2,567.08 mi) road network connecting the major centers to each other and the outlying barangays, and communication linkage through NDD-IDD, fax, cellular phone and the internet is available. Government[edit] President Benigno Aquino III
Benigno Aquino III
signed the law dividing to new 3 legislative district of Cotabato
Cotabato
on September 14, 2012. The representative shall continue to serve until next national election.[19] Elected provincial officials

House of Representatives

1st District — Rep. Susing Sacdalan 2nd District — Rep. Nancy Catamco 3rd District — Rep. Jose Pingping I. Tejada

Governor: Emmylou Taliño-Mendoza Vice Governor: Shirlyn "Neneng" Macasarte

References[edit]

^ "List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Archived from the original on 21 January 2013. Retrieved 3 June 2014.  ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region XII (Soccsksargen)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.  ^ Halili, Christine N. (2004). "The Natural Setting and its People". Philippine History (First ed.). Manila, Philippines: Rex Book
Book
Store. pp. 52–53. ISBN 9712339343. Retrieved 29 April 2016.  ^ http://asiapacificuniverse.com/pkm/presterjohn.htm ^ "Our Province". Province of Cotabato
Cotabato
(government website). Retrieved 29 April 2016.  ^ "Republic Act No. 4849 - An Act Creating the Province of South Cotabato". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. 18 July 1966. Retrieved 27 April 2016.  ^ "Republic Act No. 7228 - An Act Creating the Province of Sarangani". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. 16 March 1992. Retrieved 27 April 2016.  ^ "Presidential Decree No. 341: Creating the Provinces of North Cotabato, Maguindanao
Maguindanao
and Sultan Kudarat". Philippine Laws, Statutes & Codes. Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. 22 November 1973. Retrieved 27 May 2014.  ^ "Batas Pambansa Blg. 660 - An Act Changing the Name of the Province of North Cotabato
Cotabato
to Cotabato". Philippine Laws, Statutes & Codes. Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. 22 November 1973. Retrieved 27 May 2014.  ^ a b c d "Province: Cotabato". PSGC Interactive. Quezon
Quezon
City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016.  ^ a b c d Lancion, Jr., Conrado M.; cartography by de Guzman, Rey (1995). "The Provinces; Cotabato". Fast Facts about Philippine Provinces (The 2000 Millenium ed.). Makati, Metro Manila, Philippines: Tahanan Books. p. 64. ISBN 971-630-037-9. Retrieved 29 April 2016.  ^ "Weather forecast for North Cotabato, Philippines". Storm247.com. StormGeo AS, Nordre Nøstekaien 1, N-5011 Bergen, Norway: StormGeo AS. Retrieved 29 April 2016.  ^ a b c Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region XII (Soccsksargen)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.  ^ https://www.rappler.com/newsbreak/iq/81162-map-catholicism-philippines ^ https://www.rappler.com/newsbreak/iq/99572-map-islam-philippines ^ http://philchal.org/dawn/nationalsum.asp ^ https://www.rappler.com/newsbreak/iq/64391-map-iglesia-ni-cristo-population-philippines ^ Cabrera, Ferdinandh B. (22 August 2013). "NorthCot pushes rubber industry dev't". MindaNews. Mindanao
Mindanao
News and Information Cooperative Center (MNICC). Retrieved 29 April 2016. North Cotabato
Cotabato
is the country’s second largest rubber producer, next to Zamboanga Sibugay, with a rubber plantation area of at least 55,000 hectares.  ^ Burgonio, TJ (15 September 2012). "Aquino signs law reapportioning Cotabato
Cotabato
into 3 districts". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 16 December 2015. 

External links[edit]

Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap · Google Maps

Download coordinates as: KML · GPX

Media related to Cotabato
Cotabato
at Wikimedia Commons Geographic data related to Cotabato
Cotabato
at OpenStreetMap Province of Cotabato Philippine Standard Geographic Code

Places adjacent to Cotabato

Lanao del Sur Bukidnon Davao del Norte

Maguindanao

Cotabato

Davao del Sur

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Maguindanao
/ Sultan Kudarat

v t e

Province of Cotabato

Kidapawan
Kidapawan
(capital)

Municipalities

Alamada Aleosan Antipas Arakan Banisilan Carmen Kabacan Libungan M'lang Magpet Makilala Matalam Midsayap Pigcawayan Pikit President Roxas Tulunan

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SOuth Cotabato, Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, SARangani, GENeral Santos

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Highly Urbanized City

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Cotabato
Cotabato
City

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Alabel Isulan Kidapawan Koronadal

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