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As of 2000

English 90.70% Spanish 6.18%[2]

Demonym North Carolinian (official); Tar Heel
Tar Heel
(colloquial)

Capital Raleigh

Largest city Charlotte

Largest metro Charlotte
Charlotte
metro area

Area Ranked 28th

 • Total 53,819 sq mi (139,390 km2)

 • Width 170 miles (261 km)

 • Length 560[3] miles (901 km)

 • % water 9.5

 • Latitude 33° 50′ N to 36° 35′ N

 • Longitude 75° 28′ W to 84° 19′ W

Population Ranked 9th

 • Total 10,273,419 (2017 est.)[4]

 • Density 208.7/sq mi  (80.6/km2) Ranked 15th

 • Median household income $50,797 [5] (38th)

Elevation

 • Highest point Mount Mitchell[6][7] 6,684 ft (2037 m)

 • Mean 700 ft  (210 m)

 • Lowest point Atlantic Ocean[6] Sea level

Before statehood Province of North Carolina

Admission to Union November 21, 1789 (12th)

Governor Roy Cooper
Roy Cooper
(D)

Lieutenant Governor Dan Forest (R)

Legislature General Assembly

 • Upper house Senate

 • Lower house House of Representatives

U.S. Senators Richard Burr
Richard Burr
(R) Thom Tillis
Thom Tillis
(R)

U.S. House delegation 10 Republicans 3 Democrats (list)

Time zone Eastern: UTC -5/-4

ISO 3166 US-NC

Abbreviations NC, N.C.

Website www.nc.gov

North Carolina
North Carolina
state symbols

The Flag of North Carolina

The Seal of North Carolina

Living insignia

Bird Cardinal

Butterfly Eastern tiger swallowtail

Fish Red Drum

Flower Flowering Dogwood

Insect Western honeybee

Marsupial Virginia Opossum
Virginia Opossum
(state marsupial)

Tree Longleaf Pine

Inanimate insignia

Beverage Milk

Dance Clogging

Food Scuppernong
Scuppernong
grape, sweet potato

Fossil Megalodon
Megalodon
teeth

Gemstone Emerald

Mineral Gold

Rock Granite

Song "The Old North State"

State route marker

State quarter

Released in 2001

Lists of United States
United States
state symbols

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for North Carolina.

North Carolina
North Carolina
(/ˌkærəˈlaɪnə/ ( listen)) is a U.S. state in the southeastern region of the United States. It borders South Carolina
South Carolina
and Georgia to the south, Tennessee
Tennessee
to the west, Virginia
Virginia
to the north, and the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
to the east. North Carolina is the 28th most extensive and the 9th most populous of the U.S. states. The state is divided into 100 counties. The capital is Raleigh, which along with Durham and Chapel Hill is home to the largest research park in the United States
United States
( Research Triangle
Research Triangle
Park). The most populous municipality is Charlotte, which is the third largest banking center in the United States
United States
after New York City
New York City
and San Francisco.[8] The state has a wide range of elevations, from sea level on the coast to 6,684 feet (2,037 m) at Mount Mitchell, the highest point in North America east of the Mississippi
Mississippi
River.[9] The climate of the coastal plains is strongly influenced by the Atlantic Ocean. Most of the state falls in the humid subtropical climate zone. More than 300 miles (500 km) from the coast, the western, mountainous part of the state has a subtropical highland climate.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Native Americans, lost colonies, and permanent settlement 1.2 Colonial period and Revolutionary War 1.3 Antebellum period 1.4 American Civil War

2 Geography

2.1 Flora and fauna 2.2 Climate

3 Demographics

3.1 Ethnicity 3.2 Languages 3.3 Religion 3.4 Most populated counties 3.5 Major cities 3.6 Largest combined statistical areas

4 Economy 5 Transportation 6 Government and politics 7 Education

7.1 Primary and secondary education 7.2 Colleges and universities

8 Media 9 Sports 10 Tourism 11 Recreation 12 Arts and culture

12.1 Music 12.2 Shopping 12.3 Cuisine and agriculture 12.4 Ships named for the state 12.5 State parks 12.6 State symbols 12.7 Armed forces installations

13 See also 14 References 15 Primary sources 16 Further reading 17 External links

History[edit] Main article: History of North Carolina

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Ceremony of Secotan warriors in North Carolina. Watercolour painted by English colonist John White in 1585.

A plaque to commemorate the first indigenous person who was converted to Christianity, Manteo at the Roanoke Colony

Dr. M. T. Pope (after whom the Pope House Museum
Pope House Museum
was named), a prominent citizen of Raleigh, 1900

The North Carolina
North Carolina
Museum of History, Raleigh

Woodland-culture American Indians were in the area around 1000 BCE; starting around 750 CE, Mississippian-culture Indians created larger political units with stronger leadership and more stable, longer-term settlements. During this time, important buildings were constructed as pyramidal, flat-topped buildings. By 1550, many groups of American Indians lived in present-day North Carolina, including Chowanoke, Roanoke, Pamlico, Machapunga, Coree, Cape Fear Indians, Waxhaw, Waccamaw, and Catawba.[10] Juan Pardo explored the area in 1566–1567, establishing Fort San Juan in 1567 at the site of the Native American community of Joara, a Mississippian culture
Mississippian culture
regional chiefdom in the western interior, near the present-day city of Morganton. The fort lasted only 18 months; the local inhabitants killed all but one of the 120 men Pardo had stationed at a total of six forts in the area.[11] A later expedition by Philip Amadas and Arthur Barlowe followed in 1584, at the direction of Sir Walter Raleigh.[10] In June 1718, the pirate Blackbeard
Blackbeard
ran his flagship, the Queen Anne's Revenge, aground at Beaufort Inlet, North Carolina, in present-day Carteret County. After the grounding her crew and supplies were transferred to smaller ships. In November, after appealing to the governor of North Carolina, who promised safe-haven and a pardon, Blackbeard
Blackbeard
was killed in an ambush by troops from Virginia.[12] In 1996 Intersal, Inc., a private firm, discovered the remains of a vessel likely to be the Queen Anne's Revenge, which was added to the US National Register of Historic Places.[13] North Carolina
North Carolina
became one of the English Thirteen Colonies
Thirteen Colonies
and with the territory of South Carolina
South Carolina
was originally known as the Province of Carolina. The northern and southern parts of the original province separated in 1729. Originally settled by small farmers, sometimes having a few slaves, who were oriented toward subsistence agriculture, the colony lacked cities or towns. Pirates menaced the coastal settlements, but by 1718 the pirates had been captured and killed. Growth was strong in the middle of the 18th century, as the economy attracted Scots-Irish, Quaker, English and German immigrants. The colonists generally supported the American Revolution, as the number of Loyalists was smaller than in some other colonies. During colonial times, Edenton served as the state capital beginning in 1722, and New Bern
New Bern
was selected as the capital in 1766. Construction of Tryon Palace, which served as the residence and offices of the provincial governor William Tryon, began in 1767 and was completed in 1771. In 1788 Raleigh was chosen as the site of the new capital, as its central location protected it from coastal attacks. Officially established in 1792 as both county seat and state capital, the city was named after Sir Walter Raleigh, sponsor of Roanoke, the "lost colony" on Roanoke Island.[14] North Carolina
North Carolina
made the smallest per-capita contribution to the war of any state, as only 7,800 men joined the Continental Army
Continental Army
under General George Washington; an additional 10,000 served in local militia units under such leaders as General Nathanael Greene.[15] There was some military action, especially in 1780–81. Many Carolinian frontiersmen had moved west over the mountains, into the Washington District (later known as Tennessee), but in 1789, following the Revolution, the state was persuaded to relinquish its claim to the western lands. It ceded them to the national government so that the Northwest Territory
Northwest Territory
could be organized and managed nationally. After 1800, cotton and tobacco became important export crops. The eastern half of the state, especially the Tidewater region, developed a slave society based on a plantation system and slave labor. Many free people of color migrated to the frontier along with their European-American neighbors, where the social system was looser. By 1810, nearly 3 percent of the free population consisted of free people of color, who numbered slightly more than 10,000. The western areas were dominated by white families, especially Scots-Irish, who operated small subsistence farms. In the early national period, the state became a center of Jeffersonian and Jacksonian democracy, with a strong Whig presence, especially in the West. After Nat Turner's slave uprising in 1831, North Carolina
North Carolina
and other southern states reduced the rights of free blacks. In 1835 the legislature withdrew their right to vote. On May 20, 1861, North Carolina
North Carolina
was the last of the Confederate states to declare secession from the Union, 13 days after the Tennessee legislature voted for secession. Some 125,000 North Carolinians served in the military; 20,000 were killed in battle, the most of any state in the Confederacy, and 21,000 died of disease. The state government was reluctant to support the demands of the national government in Richmond, and the state was the scene of only small battles. With the defeat of the Confederacy in 1865, the Reconstruction Era began. The United States
United States
abolished slavery without compensation to slaveholders or reparations to freedmen. A Republican Party coalition of black freedmen, northern carpetbaggers and local scalawags controlled state government for three years. The white conservative Democrats regained control of the state legislature in 1870, in part by Ku Klux Klan
Ku Klux Klan
violence and terrorism at the polls, to suppress black voting. Republicans were elected to the governorship until 1876, when the Red Shirts, a paramilitary organization that arose in 1874 and was allied with the Democratic Party, helped suppress black voting. More than 150 black Americans were murdered in electoral violence in 1876. Democrats were elected to the legislature and governor's office, but the Populists attracted voters displeased with them. In 1896 a biracial, Populist-Republican Fusionist coalition gained the governor's office. The Democrats regained control of the legislature in 1896 and passed laws to impose Jim Crow
Jim Crow
and racial segregation of public facilities. Voters of North Carolina's 2nd congressional district elected a total of four African-American congressmen through these years of the late 19th century. Political tensions ran so high that a small group of white Democrats in 1898 planned to take over the Wilmington government if their candidates were not elected. In the Wilmington Insurrection of 1898, more than 1,500 white men attacked the black newspaper and neighborhood, killed numerous men, and ran off the white Republican mayor and aldermen. They installed their own people and elected Alfred M. Waddell as mayor, in the only coup d'état in United States history.[16] In 1899 the state legislature passed a new constitution, with requirements for poll taxes and literacy tests for voter registration which disfranchised most black Americans in the state.[17] Exclusion from voting had wide effects: it meant that black Americans could not serve on juries or in any local office. After a decade of white supremacy, many people forgot that North Carolina
North Carolina
had ever had thriving middle-class black Americans.[18] Black citizens had no political voice in the state until after the federal Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Voting Rights Act of 1965
Voting Rights Act of 1965
were passed to enforce their constitutional rights. It was not until 1992 that another African American was elected as a US Representative from North Carolina. As in the rest of the former Confederacy, North Carolina
North Carolina
had become a one-party state, dominated by the Democratic Party. Impoverished by the Civil War, the state continued with an economy based on tobacco, cotton and agriculture. Towns and cities remained few in the east. A major industrial base emerged in the late 19th century in the western counties of the Piedmont, based on cotton mills established at the fall line. Railroads were built to connect the new industrializing cities. The state was the site of the first successful controlled, powered and sustained heavier-than-air flight, by the Wright brothers, near Kitty Hawk on December 17, 1903. In the first half of the 20th century, many African Americans left the state to go North for better opportunities, in the Great Migration. Their departure changed the demographic characteristics of many areas. North Carolina
North Carolina
was hard hit by the Great Depression, but the New Deal programs of Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt
for cotton and tobacco significantly helped the farmers. After World War II, the state's economy grew rapidly, highlighted by the growth of such cities as Charlotte, Raleigh, and Durham in the Piedmont. Raleigh, Durham, and Chapel Hill form the Research Triangle, a major area of universities and advanced scientific and technical research. In the 1990s, Charlotte
Charlotte
became a major regional and national banking center. Tourism has also been a boon for the North Carolina
North Carolina
economy as people flock to the Outer Banks coastal area and the Appalachian Mountains
Appalachian Mountains
anchored by Asheville. By the 1970s, spurred in part by the increasingly leftward tilt of national Democrats, conservative whites began to vote for Republican national candidates and gradually for more Republicans locally. The Greensboro Sit-ins played a crucial role in the Civil Rights Movement to bring full equality to American blacks. Native Americans, lost colonies, and permanent settlement[edit] See also: Native Americans in the United States, Joara, Roanoke Island, and Fort Raleigh National Historic Site

Map
Map
of the coast of Virginia
Virginia
and North Carolina, drawn 1585–1586 by Theodor de Bry, based on map by John White of the Roanoke Colony

North Carolina
North Carolina
was inhabited for thousands of years by succeeding cultures of prehistoric indigenous cultures. Before 200 AD, they were building earthwork mounds, which were used for ceremonial and religious purposes. Succeeding peoples, including those of the ancient Mississippian culture
Mississippian culture
established by 1000 AD in the Piedmont, continued to build or add on to such mounds. In the 500–700 years preceding European contact, the Mississippian culture
Mississippian culture
built large, complex cities and maintained far-flung regional trading networks. Its largest city was Cahokia, located in present-day Illinois
Illinois
near the Mississippi
Mississippi
River. Historically documented tribes in the North Carolina
North Carolina
region include the Carolina Algonquian-speaking tribes of the coastal areas, such as the Chowanoke, Roanoke, Pamlico, Machapunga, Coree, and Cape Fear Indians, who were the first encountered by the English; the Iroquoian-speaking Meherrin, Cherokee, and Tuscarora of the interior; and Southeastern Siouan
Siouan
tribes, such as the Cheraw, Waxhaw, Saponi, Waccamaw, and Catawba. Spanish explorers traveling inland in the 16th century met Mississippian culture
Mississippian culture
people at Joara, a regional chiefdom near present-day Morganton. Records of Hernando de Soto
Hernando de Soto
attested to his meeting with them in 1540. In 1567 Captain Juan Pardo led an expedition to claim the area for the Spanish colony and to establish another route to protect silver mines in Mexico. Pardo made a winter base at Joara, which he renamed Cuenca. His expedition built Fort San Juan and left a contingent of 30 men there, while Pardo traveled further, and built and garrisoned five other forts. He returned by a different route to Santa Elena on Parris Island, South Carolina, then a center of Spanish Florida. In the spring of 1568, natives killed all but one of the soldiers and burned the six forts in the interior, including the one at Fort San Juan. Although the Spanish never returned to the interior, this effort marked the first European attempt at colonization of the interior of what became the United States. A 16th-century journal by Pardo's scribe Bandera and archaeological findings since 1986 at Joara
Joara
have confirmed the settlement.[11][19]

John White returns to find the colony abandoned.

In 1584, Elizabeth I
Elizabeth I
granted a charter to Sir Walter Raleigh, for whom the state capital is named, for land in present-day North Carolina (then part of the territory of Virginia).[20] It was the second American territory which the English attempted to colonize. Raleigh established two colonies on the coast in the late 1580s, but both failed. The fate of the "Lost Colony" of Roanoke Island
Roanoke Island
remains one of the most widely debated mysteries of American history. Virginia
Virginia
Dare, the first English child to be born in North America, was born on Roanoke Island
Roanoke Island
on August 18, 1587; Dare County is named for her. As early as 1650, settlers from the Virginia
Virginia
colony moved into the area of Albemarle Sound. By 1663, King Charles II of England
Charles II of England
granted a charter to start a new colony on the North American continent; it generally established North Carolina's borders. He named it Carolina in honor of his father Charles I.[21] By 1665, a second charter was issued to attempt to resolve territorial questions. In 1710, owing to disputes over governance, the Carolina colony began to split into North Carolina
North Carolina
and South Carolina. The latter became a crown colony in 1729. In the 1700s, a series of smallpox epidemics swept the South, causing high fatalities among the Native Americans, who had no immunity to the new disease (it had become endemic in Europe).[22] According to the historian Russell Thornton, "The 1738 epidemic was said to have killed one-half of the Cherokee, with other tribes of the area suffering equally."[23] Colonial period and Revolutionary War[edit] See also: Province of Carolina, Province of North Carolina, and American Revolutionary War

Reconstructed royal governor's mansion Tryon Palace
Tryon Palace
in New Bern

After the Spanish in the 16th century, the first permanent European settlers of North Carolina
North Carolina
were English colonists who migrated south from Virginia. The latter had grown rapidly and land was less available. Nathaniel Batts
Nathaniel Batts
was documented as one of the first of these Virginian migrants. He settled south of the Chowan River
Chowan River
and east of the Great Dismal Swamp
Great Dismal Swamp
in 1655.[24] By 1663, this northeastern area of the Province of Carolina, known as the Albemarle Settlements, was undergoing full-scale English settlement.[25] During the same period, the English monarch Charles II gave the province to the Lords Proprietors, a group of noblemen who had helped restore Charles to the throne in 1660. The new province of "Carolina" was named in honor and memory of King Charles I (Latin: Carolus). In 1712, North Carolina became a separate colony. Except for the Earl Granville holdings, it became a royal colony seventeen years later.[26] A large revolt happened in the state in 1711 known as Cary's Rebellion. Differences in the settlement patterns of eastern and western North Carolina, or the Low Country and uplands, affected the political, economic, and social life of the state from the 18th until the 20th century. The Tidewater in eastern North Carolina
North Carolina
was settled chiefly by immigrants from rural England and the Scottish Highlands. The upcountry of western North Carolina
North Carolina
was settled chiefly by Scots-Irish, English, and German Protestants, the so-called "cohee". Arriving during the mid- to late 18th century, the Scots-Irish from what is today Northern Ireland were the largest non-English immigrant group before the Revolution; English indentured servants were overwhelmingly the largest immigrant group before the Revolution.[27][28][29][28][29][30] During the American Revolutionary War, the English and Highland Scots of eastern North Carolina
North Carolina
tended to remain loyal to the British Crown, because of longstanding business and personal connections with Great Britain. The English, Welsh, Scots-Irish, and German settlers of western North Carolina
North Carolina
tended to favor American independence from Britain. Most of the English colonists had arrived as indentured servants, hiring themselves out as laborers for a fixed period to pay for their passage. In the early years the line between indentured servants and African slaves or laborers was fluid. Some Africans were allowed to earn their freedom before slavery became a lifelong status. Most of the free colored families formed in North Carolina
North Carolina
before the Revolution were descended from unions or marriages between free white women and enslaved or free African or African-American men. Because the mothers were free, their children were born free. Many had migrated or were descendants of migrants from colonial Virginia.[31] As the flow of indentured laborers to the colony decreased with improving economic conditions in Great Britain, planters imported more slaves, and the state's legal delineations between free and slave status tightened, effectively hardening the latter into a racial caste. The economy's growth and prosperity was based on slave labor, devoted first to the production of tobacco. On April 12, 1776, the colony became the first to instruct its delegates to the Continental Congress
Continental Congress
to vote for independence from the British Crown, through the Halifax Resolves
Halifax Resolves
passed by the North Carolina Provincial Congress. The dates of both of these events are memorialized on the state flag and state seal.[32] Throughout the Revolutionary War, fierce guerrilla warfare erupted between bands of pro-independence and pro-British colonists. In some cases the war was also an excuse to settle private grudges and rivalries. A major American victory in the war took place at King's Mountain
King's Mountain
along the North Carolina– South Carolina
South Carolina
border; on October 7, 1780, a force of 1000 mountain men from western North Carolina
North Carolina
(including what is today the state of Tennessee) and southwest Virginia
Virginia
overwhelmed a force of some 1000 British troops led by Major Patrick Ferguson. Most of the soldiers fighting for the British side in this battle were Carolinians who had remained loyal to the Crown (they were called "Tories" or Loyalists). The American victory at Kings Mountain gave the advantage to colonists who favored American independence, and it prevented the British Army
British Army
from recruiting new soldiers from the Tories.

1st Maryland
Maryland
Regiment holding the line at the Battle of Guilford

The road to Yorktown and America's independence from Great Britain led through North Carolina. As the British Army
British Army
moved north from victories in Charleston and Camden, South Carolina, the Southern Division of the Continental Army
Continental Army
and local militia prepared to meet them. Following General Daniel Morgan's victory over the British Cavalry Commander Banastre Tarleton
Banastre Tarleton
at the Battle of Cowpens
Battle of Cowpens
on January 17, 1781, southern commander Nathanael Greene
Nathanael Greene
led British Lord Charles Cornwallis across the heartland of North Carolina, and away from the latter's base of supply in Charleston, South Carolina. This campaign is known as "The Race to the Dan" or "The Race for the River."[26] In the Battle of Cowan's Ford, Cornwallis met resistance along the banks of the Catawba River
Catawba River
at Cowan's Ford on February 1, 1781, in an attempt to engage General Morgan's forces during a tactical withdrawal.[33] Morgan had moved to the northern part of the state to combine with General Greene's newly recruited forces. Generals Greene and Cornwallis finally met at the Battle of Guilford
Battle of Guilford
Courthouse in present-day Greensboro on March 15, 1781. Although the British troops held the field at the end of the battle, their casualties at the hands of the numerically superior Continental Army
Continental Army
were crippling. Following this "Pyrrhic victory", Cornwallis chose to move to the Virginia coastline to get reinforcements, and to allow the Royal Navy
Royal Navy
to protect his battered army. This decision would result in Cornwallis' eventual defeat at Yorktown, Virginia, later in 1781. The Patriots' victory there guaranteed American independence. Antebellum period[edit] On November 21, 1789, North Carolina
North Carolina
became the twelfth state to ratify the Constitution. In 1840, it completed the state capitol building in Raleigh, still standing today. Most of North Carolina's slave owners and large plantations were located in the eastern portion of the state. Although North Carolina's plantation system was smaller and less cohesive than that of Virginia, Georgia, or South Carolina, significant numbers of planters were concentrated in the counties around the port cities of Wilmington and Edenton, as well as suburban planters around the cities of Raleigh, Charlotte, and Durham in the Piedmont. Planters owning large estates wielded significant political and socio-economic power in antebellum North Carolina, which was a slave society. They placed their interests above those of the generally non-slave-holding "yeoman" farmers of western North Carolina. In mid-century, the state's rural and commercial areas were connected by the construction of a 129-mile (208 km) wooden plank road, known as a "farmer's railroad", from Fayetteville in the east to Bethania (northwest of Winston-Salem).[26]

Map
Map
of the roads and railroads of North Carolina, 1854

Besides slaves, there were a number of free people of color in the state. Most were descended from free African Americans who had migrated along with neighbors from Virginia
Virginia
during the 18th century. The majority were the descendants of unions in the working classes between white women, indentured servants or free, and African men, indentured, slave or free.[34] After the Revolution, Quakers
Quakers
and Mennonites worked to persuade slaveholders to free their slaves. Some were inspired by their efforts and the language of the Revolution to arrange for manumission of their slaves. The number of free people of color rose markedly in the first couple of decades after the Revolution.[35] On October 25, 1836, construction began on the Wilmington and Raleigh Railroad[36] to connect the port city of Wilmington with the state capital of Raleigh. In 1849 the North Carolina
North Carolina
Railroad was created by act of the legislature to extend that railroad west to Greensboro, High Point, and Charlotte. During the Civil War, the Wilmington-to-Raleigh stretch of the railroad would be vital to the Confederate war effort; supplies shipped into Wilmington would be moved by rail through Raleigh to the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia. During the antebellum period, North Carolina
North Carolina
was an overwhelmingly rural state, even by Southern standards. In 1860 only one North Carolina town, the port city of Wilmington, had a population of more than 10,000. Raleigh, the state capital, had barely more than 5,000 residents. While slaveholding was slightly less concentrated than in some Southern states, according to the 1860 census, more than 330,000 people, or 33% of the population of 992,622, were enslaved African Americans.[37] They lived and worked chiefly on plantations in the eastern Tidewater. In addition, 30,463 free people of color lived in the state.[37] They were also concentrated in the eastern coastal plain, especially at port cities such as Wilmington and New Bern, where a variety of jobs were available. Free African Americans were allowed to vote until 1835, when the state revoked their suffrage in restrictions following the slave rebellion of 1831 led by Nat Turner. Southern slave codes criminalized willful killing of a slave in most cases.[38] American Civil War[edit] Main article: North Carolina
North Carolina
in the American Civil War Further information: American Civil War

Union captures Fort Fisher, 1865

In 1860, North Carolina
North Carolina
was a slave state, in which one-third of the population was enslaved. This was a smaller proportion than in many Southern states. The state did not vote to join the Confederacy until President Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln
called on it to invade its sister state, South Carolina, becoming the last or second-to-last state to officially join the Confederacy. The title of "last to join the Confederacy" has been disputed; although Tennessee's informal secession on May 7, 1861, preceded North Carolina's official secession on May 20,[39][40] the Tennessee
Tennessee
legislature did not formally vote to secede until June 8, 1861.[41] North Carolina
North Carolina
was the site of few battles, but it provided the Confederacy with at least 125,000 troops, which is far more than any other state did. Approximately 40,000 of those troops died: more than half of disease, the remainder from battlefield wounds and from starvation. North Carolina
North Carolina
also supplied about 15,000 Union troops.[42] Elected in 1862, Governor Zebulon Baird Vance
Zebulon Baird Vance
tried to maintain state autonomy against Confederate President Jefferson Davis in Richmond.

Sculpture of Confederate soldier Silent Sam, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, by John Wilson

After secession, some North Carolinians refused to support the Confederacy. Some of the yeoman farmers in the state's mountains and western Piedmont region remained neutral during the Civil War, while some covertly supported the Union cause during the conflict. Approximately 2,000 North Carolinians from western North Carolina enlisted in the Union Army
Union Army
and fought for the North in the war. Two additional Union Army
Union Army
regiments were raised in the coastal areas of the state, which were occupied by Union forces in 1862 and 1863. Numerous slaves escaped to Union lines, where they became essentially free. Confederate troops from all parts of North Carolina
North Carolina
served in virtually all the major battles of the Army of Northern Virginia, the Confederacy's most famous army. The largest battle fought in North Carolina was at Bentonville, which was a futile attempt by Confederate General Joseph Johnston to slow Union General William Tecumseh Sherman's advance through the Carolinas in the spring of 1865.[26] In April 1865, after losing the Battle of Morrisville, Johnston surrendered to Sherman at Bennett Place, in what is today Durham. North Carolina's port city of Wilmington was the last Confederate port to fall to the Union, in February 1865, after the Union won the nearby Second Battle of Fort Fisher, its major defense downriver.

Bennett Place
Bennett Place
historic site in Durham

The first Confederate soldier to be killed in the Civil War was Private Henry Wyatt from North Carolina, in the Battle of Big Bethel in June 1861. At the Battle of Gettysburg
Battle of Gettysburg
in July 1863, the 26th North Carolina Regiment participated in Pickett/Pettigrew's Charge and advanced the farthest into the Northern lines of any Confederate regiment. During the Battle of Chickamauga, the 58th North Carolina Regiment advanced farther than any other regiment on Snodgrass Hill to push back the remaining Union forces from the battlefield. At Appomattox Court House in Virginia
Virginia
in April 1865, the 75th North Carolina Regiment, a cavalry unit, fired the last shots of the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia
Virginia
in the Civil War. For many years, North Carolinians proudly boasted that they had been "First at Bethel, Farthest at Gettysburg and Chickamauga, and Last at Appomattox." Geography[edit] Main article: Geography of North Carolina

Köppen climate types of North Carolina

North Carolina
North Carolina
topographic map. North Carolina's three topographic regions are evident: the Appalachian Mountains
Appalachian Mountains
in brown, the Piedmont in yellow, and the Atlantic Coastal Plain
Atlantic Coastal Plain
in green.

The Blue Ridge Mountains
Blue Ridge Mountains
as seen from the Blue Ridge Parkway.

Deer in the Eno River
Eno River
as it flows through the Piedmont region of North Carolina

View at end of Cherohala Skyway
Cherohala Skyway
near Tellico Plains

North Carolina
North Carolina
is bordered by South Carolina
South Carolina
on the south, Georgia on the southwest, Tennessee
Tennessee
on the west, Virginia
Virginia
on the north, and the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
on the east.[43] The United States
United States
Census Bureau places North Carolina
North Carolina
in the South Atlantic division of the southern region.[44] North Carolina
North Carolina
consists of three main geographic regions: the Atlantic coastal plain, occupying the eastern portion of the state; the central Piedmont region, and the Mountain region in the west, which is part of the Appalachian Mountains. The coastal plain consists of more specifically-defined areas known as the Outer Banks, a string of sandy, narrow barrier islands separated from the mainland by sounds or inlets, including Albemarle Sound
Albemarle Sound
and Pamlico
Pamlico
Sound, the tidewater region, the native home of the venus flytrap, and the inner coastal plain, where longleaf pine trees are native.[43][dead link] So many ships have been lost off Cape Hatteras
Cape Hatteras
that the area is known as the "Graveyard of the Atlantic";[43] more than 1,000 ships have sunk in these waters since records began in 1526. The most famous of these is the Queen Anne's Revenge
Queen Anne's Revenge
(flagship of the pirate Blackbeard), which went aground in Beaufort Inlet in 1718.[45] The coastal plain transitions to the Piedmont region along the Atlantic Seaboard fall line, the elevation at which waterfalls first appear on streams and rivers.[43] The Piedmont region of central North Carolina is the state's most populous region, containing the six largest cities in the state by population.[46] It consists of gently rolling countryside frequently broken by hills or low mountain ridges. Small, isolated, and deeply eroded mountain ranges and peaks are located in the Piedmont, including the Sauratown Mountains, Pilot Mountain, the Uwharrie Mountains, Crowder's Mountain, King's Pinnacle, the Brushy Mountains, and the South Mountains. The Piedmont ranges from about 300 feet (91 m) in elevation in the east to about 1,500 feet (460 m) in the west.[43] The western section of the state is part of the Appalachian Mountain range. Among the subranges of the Appalachians located in the state are the Great Smoky Mountains, Blue Ridge Mountains, and Black Mountains.[47][48] The Black Mountains are the highest in the eastern United States, and culminate in Mount Mitchell
Mount Mitchell
at 6,684 feet (2,037 m), the highest point east of the Mississippi River.[48][49]

Cullasaja Falls
Cullasaja Falls
in Macon County

North Carolina
North Carolina
has 17 major river basins.[50] The five basins west of the Blue Ridge Mountains
Blue Ridge Mountains
flow to the Gulf of Mexico, while the remainder flow to the Atlantic Ocean.[50] Of the 17 basins, 11 originate within the state of North Carolina, but only four are contained entirely within the state's border – the Cape Fear, the Neuse, the White Oak, and the Tar– Pamlico
Pamlico
basin.[51] Flora and fauna[edit] Further information: Wildlife of North Carolina Climate[edit] Main article: Climate of North Carolina

Snow in Old Fort, North Carolina
Old Fort, North Carolina
caused by the 2009 Blizzard

Graveyard Fields
Graveyard Fields
in autumn

A rainy day at Charlotte
Charlotte
Motor Speedway

Elevation above sea level is most responsible for temperature change across the state, with the mountain area being coolest year-round.[52] The climate is also influenced by the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
and the Gulf Stream, especially in the coastal plain.[52] These influences tend to cause warmer winter temperatures along the coast,[52] where temperatures only occasionally drop below the freezing point at night. The coastal plain averages around 1 inch (2.5 cm) of snow or ice annually, and in many years, there may be no snow or ice at all. The Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
exerts less influence on the climate of the Piedmont region, which has hotter summers and colder winters than along the coast, though the average daily maximum is still below 90 °F (32 °C) in most locations.[52] North Carolina
North Carolina
experiences severe weather in both summer and winter, with summer bringing threat of hurricanes, tropical storms, heavy rain, and flooding.[53] Destructive hurricanes that have hit North Carolina include Hurricane Fran, Hurricane Floyd, and Hurricane Hazel, the latter being the strongest storm ever to make landfall in the state, as a Category 4 in 1954. Hurricane Isabel
Hurricane Isabel
ranks as the most destructive of the 21st century.[54][55] North Carolina
North Carolina
averages fewer than 20 tornadoes per year, many of them produced by hurricanes or tropical storms along the coastal plain. Tornadoes from thunderstorms are a risk, especially in the eastern part of the state. The western Piedmont is often protected by the mountains, which tend to break up storms as they try to cross over; the storms will often re-form farther east. A phenomenon known as "cold-air damming" often occurs in the northwestern part of the state, which can weaken storms but can also lead to major ice events in winter.[56] In April 2011, the worst tornado outbreak in North Carolina's history occurred. Thirty confirmed tornadoes touched down, mainly in the Eastern Piedmont and Sandhills, killing at least 24 people.[57][58]

Monthly normal high and low temperatures (Fahrenheit) for various North Carolina
North Carolina
cities.

City Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Asheville[59] 47/27 51/30 59/35 68/43 75/51 81/60 84/64 83/63 77/56 68/45 59/36 49/29

Boone[60] 42/21 45/23 52/29 61/37 69/46 76/54 79/58 78/57 72/50 63/39 54/31 45/24

Cape Hatteras[61] 52/39 54/40 59/45 66/53 74/61 81/69 85/74 84/73 80/69 72/60 64/51 56/43

Charlotte[59] 51/30 55/33 63/39 72/47 79/56 86/64 89/68 88/67 81/60 72/49 62/39 53/32

Fayetteville[62] 52/31 56/32 64/39 73/47 80/56 87/65 90/70 89/69 83/63 74/49 63/40 54/32

Greensboro[62] 48/30 52/32 61/39 70/47 78/56 85/65 88/69 86/68 80/61 70/49 61/40 51/32

Raleigh[62] 51/30 54/32 63/40 72/48 80/57 87/66 90/70 88/69 82/62 73/50 64/41 54/32

Wilmington[63] 56/36 60/38 66/44 74/52 81/60 87/69 90/73 88/71 84/66 76/55 68/45 59/38

Climate data for North Carolina
North Carolina
(1980-2010)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °F (°C) 49.9 (9.9) 53.7 (12.1) 61.8 (16.6) 71 (22) 78.1 (25.6) 85.2 (29.6) 88.1 (31.2) 86.8 (30.4) 80.8 (27.1) 71.6 (22) 62.5 (16.9) 52.5 (11.4) 70.17 (21.23)

Average low °F (°C) 28.4 (−2) 30.9 (−0.6) 37.2 (2.9) 45.2 (7.3) 54 (12) 63 (17) 66.8 (19.3) 65.8 (18.8) 58.9 (14.9) 47.2 (8.4) 38.3 (3.5) 30.8 (−0.7) 47.21 (8.4)

Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.7 (94) 3.5 (89) 4.2 (107) 3.5 (89) 3.8 (97) 4.3 (109) 4.8 (122) 4.7 (119) 4.3 (109) 3.3 (84) 3.3 (84) 3.5 (89) 46.9 (1,192)

Source: USA.com[64]

Demographics[edit] Main article: Demographics of North Carolina

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Historical population

Census Pop.

1790 393,751

1800 478,103

21.4%

1810 556,526

16.4%

1820 638,829

14.8%

1830 737,987

15.5%

1840 753,419

2.1%

1850 869,039

15.3%

1860 992,622

14.2%

1870 1,071,361

7.9%

1880 1,399,750

30.7%

1890 1,617,949

15.6%

1900 1,893,810

17.1%

1910 2,206,287

16.5%

1920 2,559,123

16.0%

1930 3,170,276

23.9%

1940 3,571,623

12.7%

1950 4,061,929

13.7%

1960 4,556,155

12.2%

1970 5,082,059

11.5%

1980 5,881,766

15.7%

1990 6,628,637

12.7%

2000 8,049,313

21.4%

2010 9,535,471

18.5%

Est. 2017 10,273,419

7.7%

Source: 1910–2010[65] 2016 estimate[4]

The United States
United States
Census Bureau estimates that the population of North Carolina was 10,146,788 on July 1, 2016, a 6.4% increase since the 2010 Census.[4] Of the people residing in North Carolina, 58.5% were born in North Carolina, 33.1% were born in another US state, 1.0% were born in Puerto Rico, U.S. Island areas, or born abroad to American parent(s), and 7.4% were born in another country.[66] Ethnicity[edit] Demographics of North Carolina
Demographics of North Carolina
covers the varieties of ethnic groups that reside in North Carolina, along with the relevant trends. The state's racial composition in the 2010 Census:[67]

White: 68.5% (65.3% non-Hispanic white, 3.2% White Hispanic) Black or African American: 21.5% Latin and Hispanic American of any race: 8.4% Some other race: 4.3% Multiracial American: 2.2% Asian American: 2.2% Native Hawaiian
Native Hawaiian
and Pacific Islander: 1%

North Carolina
North Carolina
Racial Breakdown of Population

Racial composition 1990[68] 2000[69] 2010[70]

White 75.6% 72.1% 68.5%

Black 22.0% 21.6% 21.4%

Asian 0.8% 1.4% 2.2%

Native 1.2% 1.2% 1.3%

Native Hawaiian
Native Hawaiian
and other Pacific Islander – 0.1% 0.1%

Other race 0.5% 2.3% 4.3%

Two or more races – 1.3% 2.3%

Languages[edit] As of 2010, 89.66% (7,750,904) of North Carolina
North Carolina
residents age 5 and older spoke English at home as a primary language, while 6.93% (598,756) spoke Spanish, 0.32% (27,310) French, 0.27% (23,204) German, and Chinese (which includes Mandarin) was spoken as a main language by 0.27% (23,072) of the population over the age of five. In total, 10.34% (893,735) of North Carolina's population age 5 and older spoke a mother language other than English.[71] North Carolina
North Carolina
is also home to a spectrum of different dialects of Southern American English
Southern American English
and Appalachian English.

Top 15 Non-English Languages Spoken in North Carolina

Language Percentage of population (as of 2010)[71]

Spanish 6.93%

French 0.32%

German 0.27%

Chinese (including Mandarin) 0.27%

Vietnamese 0.24%

Arabic 0.17%

Korean 0.16%

Tagalog 0.13%

Hindi 0.12%

Gujarati, Russian, and Hmong (tied) 0.11%

Italian and Japanese (tied) 0.08%

Cherokee 0.01%[72]

Religion[edit]

Religion in North Carolina
North Carolina
(2014)[73]

Religion

Percent

Protestant

66%

Evangelical

  

35%

Mainstream

  

19%

Historically Black

  

12%

None

20%

Catholic

9%

Mormon

1%

Eastern Orthodox

1%

Jehovah's Witness

1%

Jewish

1%

Other faith

1%

North Carolina
North Carolina
residents, like those of other Southern states, since the colonial era have historically been overwhelmingly Protestant, first Anglican, then Baptist
Baptist
and Methodist. By the late 19th century, the largest Protestant
Protestant
denomination was the Baptist. After the Civil War, black Baptists were not allowed in white churches, due to segregation, and set up their own independent congregations. Black Baptists went on to develop their own state and national associations, to be free of white supervision. While the Baptists in total (counting both blacks and whites) have maintained the majority in this part of the country (known as the Bible Belt), the population in North Carolina
North Carolina
practices a wide variety of faiths, including Judaism, Islam, Baha'i, Buddhism, and Hinduism. As of 2010 the Southern Baptist
Baptist
Church was the biggest denomination, with 4,241 churches and 1,513,000 members; the second largest was the United Methodist Church, with 660,000 members and 1,923 churches. The third was the Roman Catholic
Catholic
Church, with 428,000 members in 190 congregations. The fourth greatest was the Presbyterian Church (USA), with 186,000 members and 710 congregations; this denomination was brought by Scots-Irish immigrants who settled the backcountry in the colonial era.[74] The state also has a special history with the Moravian Church, as settlers of this faith (largely of German origin) found a home in the Winston-Salem
Winston-Salem
area in the 18th and 19th centuries. Presbyterians, historically Scots-Irish, have had a strong presence in Charlotte
Charlotte
and in Scotland County. Currently, the rapid influx of northerners and immigrants from Latin America is steadily increasing ethnic and religious diversity: the number of Roman Catholics
Roman Catholics
and Jews in the state has increased, as well as general religious diversity. The second-largest Protestant denomination in North Carolina
North Carolina
after Baptist
Baptist
traditions is Methodism, which is strong in the northern Piedmont, especially in populous Guilford County. There are also a substantial number of Quakers
Quakers
in Guilford County
Guilford County
and northeastern North Carolina. Many universities and colleges in the state have been founded on religious traditions, and some currently maintain that affiliation, including:[75]

Belmont Abbey College
Belmont Abbey College
(Catholic) Bennett College for Women
Bennett College for Women
(United Methodist Church) Campbell University
Campbell University
(Baptist) Catawba College
Catawba College
(United Church of Christ) Chowan University
Chowan University
(Baptist) Davidson College
Davidson College
(Presbyterian) Duke University
Duke University
(Historically Methodist) Elon University
Elon University
(United Church of Christ) Gardner–Webb University
Gardner–Webb University
(Cooperative Baptist
Baptist
Fellowship) Greensboro College
Greensboro College
(Methodist) Guilford College
Guilford College
( Religious Society of Friends
Religious Society of Friends
[Quakers]) High Point University
High Point University
(United Methodist Church) Lees-McRae College
Lees-McRae College
(Presbyterian) Lenoir-Rhyne University
Lenoir-Rhyne University
(Evangelical Lutheran Church in America) Livingstone College
Livingstone College
(African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church) Louisburg College
Louisburg College
(United Methodist Church) Mars Hill University
Mars Hill University
(Christian) Methodist University
Methodist University
(United Methodist Church) Montreat College
Montreat College
(Christian) University of Mount Olive
University of Mount Olive
(Baptist) North Carolina Wesleyan College (United Methodist Church) William Peace University
William Peace University
(Presbyterian) Pfeiffer University
Pfeiffer University
(Methodist) Queens University of Charlotte
Charlotte
(Presbyterian) St. Andrews Presbyterian College
St. Andrews Presbyterian College
(Presbyterian) Saint Augustine's College (Episcopal) Salem College
Salem College
(Moravian Church) Shaw University
Shaw University
(Baptist) Wake Forest University
Wake Forest University
(Historically Baptist) Warren Wilson College
Warren Wilson College
(Historically Presbyterian) Wingate University
Wingate University
(Historically Baptist)

The state also has several major seminaries, including the Southeastern Baptist
Baptist
Theological Seminary in Wake Forest, and the Hood Theological Seminary (AME Zion) in Salisbury. Most populated counties[edit] See also: List of counties in North Carolina In 2016, the US Census Bureau released 2015 population estimate counts for North Carolina's counties. Mecklenburg County has the largest population, while Wake County has the second largest population in North Carolina.[76] Major cities[edit] See also: List of municipalities in North Carolina In 2017, the US Census Bureau released 2016 population estimate counts for North Carolina's cities with populations above 70,000. Charlotte has the largest population, while Raleigh has the highest population density of North Carolina's largest cities.[77]

 

v t e

Largest cities or towns in North Carolina Source:[78]

Rank Name County Pop.

Charlotte

Raleigh 1 Charlotte Mecklenburg 842,051

Greensboro

Durham

2 Raleigh Wake 458,880

3 Greensboro Guilford 287,027

4 Durham Durham 263,016

5 Winston-Salem Forsyth 242,203

6 Fayetteville Cumberland 204,759

7 Cary Wake 162,320

8 Wilmington New Hanover 117,525

9 High Point Guilford 111,223

10 Greenville Pitt 91,495

Largest combined statistical areas[edit]

Charlotte
Charlotte
skyline

North Carolina
North Carolina
has three major Combined Statistical Areas
Combined Statistical Areas
with populations of more than 1.6 million ( U.S. Census Bureau
U.S. Census Bureau
2015 estimates):[79]

Metrolina: Charlotte–Concord–Gastonia, North Carolina–South Carolina – population 2,583,956[79] The Research Triangle: Raleigh–Durham–Chapel Hill, North Carolina – population 2,117,103[79] The Piedmont Triad: Greensboro–Winston-Salem–High Point, North Carolina – population 1,642,506[79]

Economy[edit] Main article: Economy of North Carolina See also: North Carolina
North Carolina
locations by per capita income North Carolina
North Carolina
has a very diverse economy because of its great availability of hydroelectric power,[citation needed] its pleasant climate, and its wide variety of soils. The state ranks third among the South Atlantic states in population, but leads the region in industry[citation needed] and agriculture.[citation needed] North Carolina leads the nation in the production of tobacco[citation needed], textiles[citation needed], and furniture[citation needed]. Charlotte, the state's largest city, is a major textile and trade center. According to a Forbes article written in 2013 Employment in the "Old North State" has gained many different industry sectors. See the following article summary: science, technology, energy and math, or STEM, industries in the area surrounding North Carolina's capital have grown 17.9 percent since 2001, placing Raleigh-Cary at No. 5 among the 51 largest metro areas in the country where technology is booming. In 2010, North Carolina's total gross state product was $424.9 billion,[80] while the state debt in November 2012, according to one source, totalled US$2.4bn,[81] while according to another, was in 2012 US$57.8bn.[82] In 2011, the civilian labor force was at around 4.5 million with employment near 4.1 million. The working population is employed across the major employment sectors. The economy of North Carolina
North Carolina
covers 15 metropolitan areas.[83] In 2010, North Carolina
North Carolina
was chosen as the third-best state for business by Forbes Magazine, and the second-best state by Chief Executive Officer Magazine.[84] North Carolina
North Carolina
is the leading U.S. state
U.S. state
in production of flue-cured tobacco and sweet potatoes, and comes second in the farming of pigs and hogs, trout, and turkeys.[85][86] In the three most recent USDA surveys (2002, 2007, 2012), North Carolina
North Carolina
also ranked second in the production of Christmas trees.[85][87][88] Based on American Community Survey 2010-2014 data, North Carolina's median household income was $46,693. It ranked forty-first out of fifty states plus the District of Columbia for median household income. North Carolina
North Carolina
had the fourteenth highest poverty rate in the nation at 17.6%. 13% of families were below the poverty line. [89] Since 2000, there has been a clear division in the economic growth of North Carolina's urban and rural areas.[90] While North Carolina's urban areas have enjoyed a prosperous economy with steady job growth, low unemployment, and rising wages,[90] many of the state's rural counties have suffered from job loss, rising levels of poverty, and population loss as their manufacturing base has declined.[90] According to one estimate, one-half of North Carolina's 100 counties have lost population since 2010, primarily due to the poor economy in many of North Carolina's rural areas.[90] However, the population of the state's urban areas is steadily increasing.[90] North Carolina's 2016 total gross state product was $521 billion.[91] Transportation[edit] Main article: Transportation in North Carolina

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A North Carolina
North Carolina
license plate.

Transportation systems in North Carolina
North Carolina
consist of air, water, road, rail, and public transportation including intercity rail via Amtrak and light rail in Charlotte. North Carolina
North Carolina
has the second-largest state highway system in the country as well as the largest ferry system on the east coast.[92] North Carolina's airports serve destinations throughout the United States and international destinations in Canada, Europe, Central America, and the Caribbean. In 2013 Charlotte
Charlotte
Douglas International Airport ranked as the 23rd busiest airport in the world.[93] North Carolina
North Carolina
has a growing passenger rail system with Amtrak serving most major cities. Charlotte
Charlotte
is also home to North Carolina's only light rail system known as the Lynx. Government and politics[edit] Main articles: Government of North Carolina
Government of North Carolina
and Politics of North Carolina

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North Carolina
North Carolina
statewide election results

Year Office Republican Democratic Other

2016 Governor[94] 48.8% 2,298,880 49.0% 2,309,157 2.2% 102,977

President[95] 49.8% 2,362,631 46.2% 2,189,316 4.0% 189,617

Senate[96] 51.1% 2,395,376 45.4% 2,128,165 3.6% 167,592

2014 Senate[97] 48.8% 1,423,259 47.3% 1,377,651 3.9% 114,371

2012 Governor[98] 54.6% 2,440,707 43.2% 1,931.580 2.2% 96,008

President[99] 50.4% 2,270,395 48.4% 2,178,391 1.3% 56,586

2010 Senate[100] 54.8% 1,458,046 43.1% 1,145,074 2.1% 56,959

2008 Governor[101] 46.9% 2,001,168 50.3% 2,146,189 2.9% 121,584

President[102] 49.4% 2,128,474 49.7% 2,142,651 0.9% 39,664

Senate[103] 44.2% 1,887,510 52.7% 2,249,311 3.2% 135,149

2004 Governor[104] 42.9% 1,495,021 55.6% 1,939,154 1.5% 52,513

President[105] 56.0% 1,961,166 43.6% 1,525,849 0.4% 13,992

Senate[106] 51.6% 1,791,450 47.0% 1,632,527 1.4% 48,105

2002 Senate[107] 53.6% 1,248,664 45.0% 1,047,983 1.5% 34,534

2000 Governor[108] 46.3% 1,360,960 52.0% 1,530,324 1.7% 50,778

President[109] 56.0% 1,631,163 43.2% 1,257,692 0.8% 22,407

1998 Senate[110] 47.0% 945,943 51.2% 1,029,237 1.8% 36,963

1996 Governor[111] 42.8% 1,097,053 56.0% 1,436,638 1.3% 32,494

President[112] 48.7% 1,225,938 44.0% 1,107,849 7.2% 182,020

Senate[113] 52.6% 1,345,833 45.9% 1,173,875 1.4% 36,748

1992 Governor[114] 43.2% 1,121,955 52.7% 1,368,246 4.1% 104,983

President[115] 43.4% 1,134,661 42.7% 1,114,042 13.9% 363,147

Senate[116] 50.4% 1,297,892 46.3% 1,194,015 3.3% 85,984

Treemap
Treemap
of the popular vote by county, 2016 presidential election.

North Carolina
North Carolina
State Legislative Building

The government of North Carolina
North Carolina
is divided into three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial. These consist of the Council of State (led by the Governor), the bicameral legislature (called the General Assembly), and the state court system (headed by the North Carolina Supreme Court). The state constitution delineates the structure and function of the state government. North Carolina
North Carolina
has 13 seats in the U.S. House of Representatives
U.S. House of Representatives
and two seats in the U.S. Senate. North Carolina's party loyalties have undergone a series of important shifts in the last few years: While the 2010 midterms saw Tar Heel voters elect a bicameral Republican majority legislature for the first time in over a century, North Carolina
North Carolina
has also become a Southern swing state in presidential races. Since Southern Democrat Jimmy Carter's comfortable victory in the state in 1976, the state had consistently leaned Republican in presidential elections until Democrat Barack Obama
Barack Obama
narrowly won the state in 2008. In the 1990s, Democrat Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
came within a point of winning the state in 1992 and also only narrowly lost the state in 1996. In the early 2000s, Republican George W. Bush
George W. Bush
easily won the state by over 12 points, but by 2008, demographic shifts, population growth, and increased liberalization in heavily populated areas such as the Research Triangle, Charlotte, Greensboro, Winston-Salem, Fayetteville, and Asheville, propelled Barack Obama
Barack Obama
to victory in North Carolina, the first Democrat to win the state since 1976. In 2012, North Carolina was again considered a competitive swing state, with the Democrats even holding their 2012 Democratic National Convention
2012 Democratic National Convention
in Charlotte. However, Republican Mitt Romney
Mitt Romney
ultimately eked out a 2-point win in North Carolina, the only 2012 swing state that Obama lost, and one of only two states (along with Indiana) to flip from Obama in 2008 to the GOP in 2012. In 2012, the state elected a Republican Governor (Pat McCrory) and Lieutenant Governor (Dan Forest) for the first time in more than two decades, while also giving the Republicans veto-proof majorities in both the State House of Representatives and the State Senate. Several U.S. House of Representatives
U.S. House of Representatives
seats also flipped control, with the Republicans holding nine seats to the Democrats' four. In the 2014 mid-term elections, Republican David Rouzer
David Rouzer
won the state's Seventh Congressional District seat, increasing the congressional delegation party split to 10-3 in favor of the GOP. Education[edit] Primary and secondary education[edit] See also: List of school districts in North Carolina
List of school districts in North Carolina
and List of high schools in North Carolina

A lesson at Kituwah Academy on the Qualla Boundary
Qualla Boundary
in North Carolina. The language immersion school, operated by the Eastern Band of Cherokee
Cherokee
Indians, teaches the same curriculum as other state primary schools, but the Native American Cherokee
Cherokee
language is the medium of instruction from pre-school on up and students learn it as a first language. Such schools have proven instrumental in the preservation and perpetuation of the Cherokee
Cherokee
language.

Elementary and secondary public schools are overseen by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. The North Carolina Superintendent of Public Instruction is the secretary of the North Carolina State Board of Education, but the board, rather than the superintendent, holds most of the legal authority for making public education policy. In 2009, the board's chairman also became the "chief executive officer" for the state's school system.[117][118] North Carolina has 115 public school systems,[119] each of which is overseen by a local school board. A county may have one or more systems within it. The largest school systems in North Carolina
North Carolina
are the Wake County Public School System, Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools, Guilford County Schools, Winston-Salem/Forsyth County Schools, and Cumberland County Schools.[120] In total there are 2,425 public schools in the state, including 99 charter schools.[119] North Carolina
North Carolina
Schools were segregated until the Brown v. Board of Education
Brown v. Board of Education
trial and the release of the Pearsall Plan. Colleges and universities[edit] Further information: List of colleges and universities in North Carolina and List of universities in North Carolina
North Carolina
by enrollment In 1795, North Carolina
North Carolina
opened the first public university in the United States—the University of North Carolina
North Carolina
(now named the University of North Carolina
North Carolina
at Chapel Hill). More than 200 years later, the University of North Carolina system
University of North Carolina system
encompasses 17 public universities including North Carolina
North Carolina
State University, North Carolina A&T State University, North Carolina
North Carolina
Central University, the University of North Carolina
North Carolina
at Chapel Hill, the University of North Carolina at Greensboro, East Carolina University, Western Carolina University, Winston-Salem
Winston-Salem
State University, the University of North Carolina at Asheville, the University of North Carolina
North Carolina
at Charlotte, the University of North Carolina
North Carolina
at Pembroke, UNC Wilmington, Elizabeth City State University, Appalachian State University, Fayetteville State University, and UNC School of the Arts, and .[121] Along with its public universities, North Carolina
North Carolina
has 58 public community colleges in its community college system.The largest university in North Carolina
North Carolina
is currently North Carolina
North Carolina
State University, with more than 34,000 students.[122]

Duke Chapel
Duke Chapel
at Duke University

Old Well
Old Well
at UNC-Chapel Hill

Memorial Bell Tower
Memorial Bell Tower
at NC State

Wait Chapel
Wait Chapel
at Wake Forest University

The Joyner Library clock tower at East Carolina University

The New Quad at UNC Charlotte

The Fountain at University of North Carolina
North Carolina
at Greensboro

North Carolina
North Carolina
is also home to many well-known private colleges and universities, including Duke University, Wake Forest University, Pfeiffer University, Lees-McRae College, Davidson College, Barton College, North Carolina
North Carolina
Wesleyan College, Elon University, Guilford College, Livingstone College, Salem College, Shaw University
Shaw University
(the first historically black college or university in the South), Laurel University, Meredith College, Methodist University, Belmont Abbey College (the only Catholic
Catholic
college in the Carolinas), Campbell University, University of Mount Olive, Montreat College, High Point University, Lenoir-Rhyne University
Lenoir-Rhyne University
(the only Lutheran university in North Carolina) and Wingate University.

Tree map depicting post-secondary education institutions in North Carolina. Each is sized by its relative share of degrees awarded. The colors noted in the key below refer to the type of institution. From left to right, these are 1) Public, 4+ year, 2) Public, 2 year 3) Private, not-for-profit 4+ year 4) Private, for-profit 4+ year, 5) Private, for-profit, 2 year 6) Private, for-profit, <2 year 7) Private, non-profit, 2 year 8) Private, non-profit, <2 year.

Media[edit] See also: Category: North Carolina
North Carolina
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Sports[edit] Main article: Sports in North Carolina

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North Carolina
North Carolina
is home to three major league sports franchises: the Carolina Panthers
Carolina Panthers
of the National Football League
National Football League
and the Charlotte Hornets of the National Basketball Association
National Basketball Association
are based in Charlotte, while the Raleigh-based Carolina Hurricanes
Carolina Hurricanes
play in the National Hockey League. The Panthers and Hurricanes are the only two major professional sports teams that have the same geographical designation while playing in different metropolitan areas. The Hurricanes are the only major professional team from North Carolina
North Carolina
to have won a league championship, having captured the Stanley Cup in 2006. North Carolina is also home to two other top-level professional teams in less prominent sports—the Charlotte
Charlotte
Hounds of Major League Lacrosse
Major League Lacrosse
and the North Carolina Courage
North Carolina Courage
of the National Women's Soccer League. While North Carolina
North Carolina
has no Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball
team, it does have numerous minor league baseball teams, with the highest level of play coming from the AAA-affiliated Charlotte
Charlotte
Knights and Durham Bulls. Additionally, North Carolina
North Carolina
has minor league teams in other team sports including soccer and ice hockey, most notably North Carolina
North Carolina
FC and the Charlotte
Charlotte
Checkers, both of which play in the second tier of their respective sports. In addition to professional team sports, North Carolina
North Carolina
has a strong affiliation with NASCAR
NASCAR
and stock-car racing, with Charlotte
Charlotte
Motor Speedway in Concord hosting two Cup Series races every year. Charlotte also hosts the NASCAR
NASCAR
Hall of Fame, while Concord is the home of several top-flight racing teams, including Hendrick Motorsports, Roush Fenway Racing, Richard Petty Motorsports, Stewart-Haas Racing, and Chip Ganassi Racing. Numerous other tracks around North Carolina
North Carolina
host races from low-tier NASCAR
NASCAR
circuits as well. Golf is a popular summertime leisure activity, and North Carolina
North Carolina
has hosted several important professional golf tournaments. Pinehurst Resort in Pinehurst has hosted a PGA Championship, Ryder Cup, two U.S. Opens, and one U.S. Women's Open. The Wells Fargo Championship
Wells Fargo Championship
is a regular stop on the PGA Tour
PGA Tour
and is held at Quail Hollow Club
Quail Hollow Club
in Charlotte, while the Wyndham Championship
Wyndham Championship
is played annually in Greensboro at Sedgefield Country Club. College sports are also popular in North Carolina, with 18 schools competing at the Division I level. The Atlantic Coast Conference
Atlantic Coast Conference
(ACC) is headquartered in Greensboro, and both the ACC Football Championship Game (Charlotte) and the ACC Men's Basketball Tournament
ACC Men's Basketball Tournament
(Greensboro) were most recently held in North Carolina. College basketball
College basketball
in particular is very popular, buoyed by the Tobacco
Tobacco
Road rivalries between Duke, North Carolina, North Carolina
North Carolina
State, and Wake Forest. The ACC Championship Game
ACC Championship Game
and the Belk Bowl
Belk Bowl
are held annually in Charlotte's Bank of America Stadium, featuring teams from the ACC and the Southeastern Conference. Additionally, the state has hosted the NCAA Men's Basketball Final Four on two occasions, in Greensboro in 1974 and in Charlotte
Charlotte
in 1994. Tourism[edit]

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The Biltmore Estate, Asheville

Every year the Appalachian Mountains
Appalachian Mountains
attract several million tourists to the Western part of the state, including the historic Biltmore Estate. The scenic Blue Ridge Parkway
Blue Ridge Parkway
and Great Smoky Mountains National Park are the two most visited national park and unit in the United States
United States
with over 25 million visitors in 2013.[123] The City of Asheville is consistently voted as one of the top places to visit and live in the United States, known for its rich art deco architecture, mountain scenery and outdoor activities, and liberal and happy residents.[124][125] In Raleigh many tourists visit the Capital, African American
African American
Cultural Complex, Contemporary Art Museum of Raleigh, Gregg Museum of Art & Design at NCSU, Haywood Hall House & Gardens, Marbles Kids Museum, North Carolina
North Carolina
Museum of Art, North Carolina
North Carolina
Museum of History, North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences, North Carolina
North Carolina
Sports Hall of Fame, Raleigh City Museum, J. C. Raulston Arboretum, Joel Lane House, Mordecai House, Montfort Hall, and the Pope House Museum. The Carolina Hurricanes NHL hockey team is also located in the city. In the Charlotte
Charlotte
area, amenities include the Carolina Panthers
Carolina Panthers
NFL football team and Charlotte
Charlotte
Hornets basketball team, Carowinds amusement park, Charlotte
Charlotte
Motor Speedway, U.S. National Whitewater Center, and the Discovery Place. Nearby Concord has the Great Wolf Lodge and Sea Life Aquarium. In the Conover – Hickory area, Hickory Motor Speedway, RockBarn Golf and Spa, home of the Greater Hickory Classic at Rock Barn; Catawba County Firefighters Museum, and SALT Block attract many tourists to Conover. Hickory which has Valley Hills Mall. The Piedmont Triad, or center of the state, is home to Krispy Kreme, Mayberry, Texas
Texas
Pete, the Lexington Barbecue
Barbecue
Festival, and Moravian cookies. The internationally acclaimed North Carolina Zoo
North Carolina Zoo
in Asheboro attracts visitors to its animals, plants, and a 57-piece art collection along five miles of shaded pathways in the world's largest-land-area natural-habitat park. Seagrove, in the central portion of the state, attracts many tourists along Pottery Highway
Pottery Highway
(NC Hwy 705). MerleFest
MerleFest
in Wilkesboro attracts more than 80,000 people to its four-day music festival; and Wet 'n Wild Emerald
Emerald
Pointe water park in Greensboro is another attraction. The Outer Banks
Outer Banks
and surrounding beaches attract millions of people to the Atlantic beaches every year. The mainland northeastern part of the state, having recently adopted the name the Inner Banks, is also known as the Albemarle Region, for the Albemarle Settlements, some of the first settlements on North Carolina's portion of the Atlantic Coastal Plain. The regions historic sites are connected by the Historic Albemarle Tour. Recreation[edit]

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The Blue Ridge Mountains
Blue Ridge Mountains
of the Shining Rock Wilderness
Shining Rock Wilderness
Area

Cape Hatteras
Cape Hatteras
National Seashore
National Seashore
near Avon, North Carolina

North Carolina
North Carolina
provides a large range of recreational activities, from swimming at the beach[126] to skiing in the mountains. North Carolina offers fall colors, freshwater and saltwater fishing, hunting, birdwatching, agritourism, ATV trails, ballooning, rock climbing, biking, hiking, skiing, boating and sailing, camping, canoeing, caving (spelunking), gardens, and arboretums. North Carolina
North Carolina
has theme parks, aquariums, museums, historic sites, lighthouses, elegant theaters, concert halls, and fine dining.[127] North Carolinians enjoy outdoor recreation utilizing numerous local bike paths, 34 state parks, and 14 national parks. National Park Service units include the Appalachian National Scenic Trail, the Blue Ridge Parkway, Cape Hatteras
Cape Hatteras
National Seashore, Cape Lookout National Seashore, Carl Sandburg Home National Historic Site
Carl Sandburg Home National Historic Site
at Flat Rock, Fort Raleigh National Historic Site at Manteo, Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Guilford Courthouse National Military Park
Guilford Courthouse National Military Park
in Greensboro, Moores Creek National Battlefield
Moores Creek National Battlefield
near Currie in Pender County, the Overmountain Victory National Historic Trail, Old Salem National Historic Site in Winston-Salem, the Trail of Tears National Historic Trail, and Wright Brothers National Memorial
Wright Brothers National Memorial
in Kill Devil Hills. National Forests include Uwharrie National Forest
Uwharrie National Forest
in central North Carolina, Croatan National Forest
Croatan National Forest
in Eastern North Carolina, Pisgah National Forest
Pisgah National Forest
in the northern mountains, and Nantahala National Forest in the southwestern part of the state. Arts and culture[edit] Main article: Culture of North Carolina

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North Carolina
North Carolina
has rich traditions in art, music, and cuisine. The nonprofit arts and culture industry generates $1.2 billion in direct economic activity in North Carolina, supporting more than 43,600 full-time equivalent jobs and generating $119 million in revenue for local governments and the state of North Carolina.[128] North Carolina established the North Carolina Museum of Art
North Carolina Museum of Art
as the first major museum collection in the country to be formed by state legislation and funding[129] and continues to bring millions into the NC economy.[130] Also see this list of museums in North Carolina. One of the more famous arts communities in the state is Seagrove, the handmade-pottery capital of the U.S., where artisans create handcrafted pottery inspired by the same traditions that began in this community more than 200 years ago. With nearly 100 shops and galleries scattered throughout the area, visitors can find everything from traditional tableware to folk and collectible art pieces and historical reproductions. Music[edit] Main article: Music of North Carolina North Carolina
North Carolina
boasts a large number of noteworthy jazz musicians, some among the most important in the history of the genre. These include: John Coltrane, (Hamlet, High Point); Thelonious Monk
Thelonious Monk
(Rocky Mount); Billy Taylor
Billy Taylor
(Greenville); Woody Shaw
Woody Shaw
(Laurinburg); Lou Donaldson (Durham); Max Roach
Max Roach
(Newland); Tal Farlow
Tal Farlow
(Greensboro); Albert, Jimmy and Percy Heath
Percy Heath
(Wilmington); Nina Simone
Nina Simone
(Tryon); and Billy Strayhorn
Billy Strayhorn
(Hillsborough).

Fiddlin' Bill Hensley, mountain fiddler, Asheville, 1937

North Carolina
North Carolina
is also famous for its tradition of old-time music, and many recordings were made in the early 20th century by folk-song collector Bascom Lamar Lunsford. Musicians such as the North Carolina Ramblers helped solidify the sound of country music in the late 1920s, while the influential bluegrass musician Doc Watson
Doc Watson
also hailed from North Carolina. Both North and South Carolina
South Carolina
are hotbeds for traditional rural blues, especially the style known as the Piedmont blues. Ben Folds Five
Ben Folds Five
originated in Winston-Salem, and Ben Folds
Ben Folds
still records and resides in Chapel Hill. The British band Pink Floyd
Pink Floyd
is named, in part, after Chapel Hill bluesman Floyd Council. The Research Triangle
Research Triangle
area has long been a well-known center for folk, rock, metal, jazz and punk.[131] James Taylor
James Taylor
grew up around Chapel Hill, and his 1968 song "Carolina in My Mind" has been called an unofficial anthem for the state.[132][133][134] Other famous musicians from North Carolina
North Carolina
include J. Cole, Shirley Caesar, Roberta Flack, Clyde McPhatter, Nnenna Freelon, Warren Haynes, Jimmy Herring, Michael Houser, Eric Church, Future Islands, Randy Travis, Ryan Adams, Ronnie Milsap, Anthony Hamilton, The Avett Brothers
The Avett Brothers
and Luke Combs. Metal and punk acts such as Corrosion of Conformity, Between the Buried and Me, and Nightmare Sonata are native to North Carolina. EDM producer Porter Robinson
Porter Robinson
hails from Chapel Hill. North Carolina
North Carolina
is the home of more American Idol
American Idol
finalists than any other state: Clay Aiken
Clay Aiken
(season two), Fantasia Barrino
Fantasia Barrino
(season three), Chris Daugherty (season five), Kellie Pickler
Kellie Pickler
(season five), Bucky Covington (season five), Anoop Desai
Anoop Desai
(season eight), Scotty McCreery (season ten), and Caleb Johnson (season thirteen). North Carolina
North Carolina
also has the most American Idol
American Idol
winners with Barrino, McCreery, and Johnson. In the mountains, the Brevard Music Center hosts choral, orchestral, and solo performances during its annual summer schedule. Also, see the North Carolina
North Carolina
Music Hall of Fame. Shopping[edit] North Carolina
North Carolina
has a variety of shopping choices. SouthPark Mall in Charlotte
Charlotte
is currently the largest in the Carolinas, with almost 2.0 million square feet. Other major malls in Charlotte
Charlotte
include Northlake Mall and Carolina Place Mall
Carolina Place Mall
in nearby suburb Pineville. Other major malls throughout the state include Hanes Mall in Winston-Salem; Crabtree Valley Mall, North Hills Mall, and Triangle Town Center in Raleigh; Friendly Center
Friendly Center
and Four Seasons Town Centre in Greensboro; Oak Hollow Mall
Oak Hollow Mall
in High Point; Concord Mills in Concord; Valley Hills Mall in Hickory; Cross Creek Mall
Cross Creek Mall
in Fayetteville; and The Streets at Southpoint
The Streets at Southpoint
and Northgate Mall in Durham and Independence Mall in Wilmington, North Carolina, and Tanger Outlets in Charlotte, Nags Head, Blowing Rock, and Mebane, North Carolina. Cuisine and agriculture[edit]

2008 Lexington Barbecue
Barbecue
Festival

A culinary staple of North Carolina
North Carolina
is pork barbecue. There are strong regional differences and rivalries over the sauces and methods used in making the barbecue. The common trend across Western North Carolina
Western North Carolina
is the use of premium grade Boston butt. Western North Carolina
Western North Carolina
pork barbecue uses a tomato-based sauce, and only the pork shoulder (dark meat) is used. Western North Carolina
Western North Carolina
barbecue is commonly referred to as Lexington barbecue after the Piedmont Triad
Piedmont Triad
town of Lexington, home of the Lexington Barbecue
Barbecue
Festival, which attracts over 100,000 visitors each October.[135][136] Eastern North Carolina
Eastern North Carolina
pork barbecue uses a vinegar-and-red-pepper-based sauce and the "whole hog" is cooked, thus integrating both white and dark meat. Krispy Kreme, an international chain of doughnut stores, was started in North Carolina; the company's headquarters are in Winston-Salem. Pepsi-Cola
Pepsi-Cola
was first produced in 1898 in New Bern. A regional soft drink, Cheerwine, was created and is still based in the city of Salisbury. Despite its name, the hot sauce Texas Pete
Texas Pete
was created in North Carolina; its headquarters are also in Winston-Salem. The Hardee's
Hardee's
fast-food chain was started in Rocky Mount. Another fast-food chain, Bojangles', was started in Charlotte, and has its corporate headquarters there. A popular North Carolina
North Carolina
restaurant chain is Golden Corral. Started in 1973, the chain was founded in Fayetteville, with headquarters located in Raleigh. Popular pickle brand Mount Olive Pickle Company was founded in Mount Olive in 1926. Fast casual burger chain Hwy 55 Burgers, Shakes & Fries also makes its home in Mount Olive. Cook Out, a popular fast-food chain featuring burgers, hot dogs, and milkshakes in a wide variety of flavors, was founded in Greensboro in 1989 and has begun expanding outside of North Carolina. In 2013, Southern Living named Durham – Chapel Hill the South's "Tastiest City." Over the last decade, North Carolina
North Carolina
has become a cultural epicenter and haven for internationally prize-winning wine (Noni Bacca Winery), internationally prized cheeses (Ashe County), "L'institut International aux Arts Gastronomiques: Conquerront Les Yanks les Truffes, January 15, 2010" international hub for truffles (Garland Truffles), and beer making, as tobacco land has been converted to grape orchards while state laws regulating alcohol content in beer allowed a jump in ABV from 6% to 15%. The Yadkin Valley in particular has become a strengthening market for grape production, while Asheville recently won the recognition of being named 'Beer City USA.' Asheville boasts the largest breweries per capita of any city in the United States. Recognized and marketed brands of beer in North Carolina include Highland Brewing, Duck Rabbit Brewery, Mother Earth Brewery, Weeping Radish Brewery, Big Boss Brewing, Foothills Brewing, Carolina Brewing Company, Lonerider Brewing, and White Rabbit Brewing Company. North Carolina
North Carolina
has large grazing areas for beef and dairy cattle. Truck farms can be found in North Carolina. A truck farm is a small farm where fruits and vegetables are grown to be sold at local markets. The state's shipping, commercial fishing, and lumber industries are important to its economy. Service industries, including education, health care, private research, and retail trade, are also important. Research Triangle
Research Triangle
Park, a large industrial complex located in the Raleigh-Durham area, is one of the major centers in the country for electronics and medical research Tobacco
Tobacco
was one of the first major industries to develop after the Civil War. Many farmers grew some tobacco, and the invention of the cigarette made the product especially popular. Winston-Salem
Winston-Salem
is the birthplace of R. J. Reynolds
R. J. Reynolds
Tobacco
Tobacco
Company (RJR), founded by R. J. Reynolds in 1874 as one of 16 tobacco companies in the town. By 1914 it was selling 425 million packs of Camels a year. Today it is the second-largest tobacco company in the U.S. (behind Altria Group). RJR is an indirect wholly owned subsidiary of Reynolds American Inc., which in turn is 42% owned by British American Tobacco.[137] Ships named for the state[edit]

USS North Carolina
USS North Carolina
on permanent display in Wilmington

Further information: USS North Carolina Several ships have been named after the state. Most famous is the USS North Carolina, a World War II
World War II
battleship. The ship served in several battles against the forces of Imperial Japan in the Pacific theater during the war. Now decommissioned, it is part of the USS North Carolina
North Carolina
Battleship
Battleship
Memorial in Wilmington. Another USS North Carolina, a nuclear attack submarine, was commissioned in Wilmington, North Carolina, on May 3, 2008.[138] State parks[edit] Main article: List of North Carolina
North Carolina
state parks The state maintains a group of protected areas known as the North Carolina State Park System, which is managed by the North Carolina Division of Parks & Recreation (NCDPR), an agency of the North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources (NCDENR). State symbols[edit]

North Carolina
North Carolina
state symbols

The Flag of North Carolina

The Seal of North Carolina

Living insignia

Bird Cardinal (bird)

Fish Red drum

Flower Flowering Dogwood

Insect Western honey bee (Apis mellifera)

Mammal Eastern Gray Squirrel

Reptile Eastern Box Turtle

Tree Longleaf Pine (Pinus palustris)

Inanimate insignia

Beverage Milk

Colors red and blue

Dance Clogging

Food Sweet potato

Gemstone Emerald

Mineral Gold

Motto Esse quam videri ("To be, rather than to seem")

Rock Granite

Shell Scotch bonnet (sea snail)

Slogan First Flight (unofficial)

Song "The Old North State (song)"

State route marker

State quarter

Released in 2001

Lists of United States
United States
state symbols

Cardinal, North Carolina
North Carolina
state bird

Dogwood, North Carolina
North Carolina
state flower

Main article: List of North Carolina
North Carolina
state symbols

State motto: Esse quam videri
Esse quam videri
("To be, rather than to seem") (1893) State song: "The Old North State" (1927) State flower: Dogwood (1941) State bird: Cardinal (1943) State colors: The red and blue of the N.C. and U.S. flags (1945) State toast: "The Tar Heel
Tar Heel
Toast" (1957) State tree: Pine
Pine
(Pinus) (1963)[139] State shell: Scotch bonnet (1965) State mammal: Eastern gray squirrel
Eastern gray squirrel
(1969) State salt water fish: Red drum
Red drum
(also known as the channel bass) (1971) State insect: European honey bee (1973) State gemstone: Emerald
Emerald
(1973) State reptile: Eastern box turtle
Eastern box turtle
(1979) State rock: Granite
Granite
(1979) State beverage: Milk
Milk
(1987) State historical boat: Shad boat
Shad boat
(1987) State language: English (1987) State dog: Plott Hound
Plott Hound
(1989) State military academy: Oak Ridge Military Academy
Oak Ridge Military Academy
(1991) State tartan: Carolina Tartan
Carolina Tartan
(1991)[140] State vegetable: Sweet potato
Sweet potato
(1995) State red berry: Strawberry (2001) State blue berry: Blueberry
Blueberry
(2001) State fruit: Scuppernong
Scuppernong
grape (2001) State wildflower: Carolina lily (2003) State Christmas tree: Fraser fir
Fraser fir
(2005) State carnivorous plant: Venus flytrap
Venus flytrap
(2005) State folk dance: Clogging
Clogging
(2005) State popular dance: Carolina shag (2005) State birthplace of traditional pottery: The Seagrove
Seagrove
area (2005) State sport: NASCAR
NASCAR
(2011)[141]

Armed forces installations[edit]

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Troopers of the 82nd Airborne Division training on Fort Bragg, March 2011

Fort Bragg, near Fayetteville and Southern Pines, is a large and comprehensive military base and is the headquarters of the XVIII Airborne Corps, 82nd Airborne Division, and the U.S. Army Special Operations Command. Serving as the air wing for Fort Bragg
Fort Bragg
is Pope Field, also located near Fayetteville. Located in Jacksonville, Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, combined with nearby bases Marine Corps Air Station (MCAS) Cherry Point, MCAS New River, Camp Geiger, Camp Johnson, Stone Bay and Courthouse Bay, makes up the largest concentration of Marines and sailors in the world. MCAS Cherry Point is home of the 2nd Marine Aircraft Wing. Located in Goldsboro, Seymour Johnson Air Force Base
Seymour Johnson Air Force Base
is home of the 4th Fighter Wing and 916th Air Refueling Wing. One of the busiest air stations in the United States
United States
Coast Guard is located at the Coast Guard Air Station in Elizabeth City. Also stationed in North Carolina
North Carolina
is the Military Ocean Terminal Sunny Point
Military Ocean Terminal Sunny Point
in Southport. See also[edit]

North Carolina
North Carolina
portal

Index of North Carolina-related articles Outline of North Carolina
Outline of North Carolina
– organized list of topics about North Carolina

References[edit]

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Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 7, 2016.  ^ "Atlantic hurricane best track (HURDAT version 2)". Hurricane Research Division (Database). Miami, FL: National Hurricane Center. April 11, 2017. Retrieved April 6, 2018.  ^ John Hairr (2008). The Great Hurricanes of North Carolina. pp. 139–150.  ^ "NOAA National Climatic Data Center". Retrieved October 24, 2006.  ^ "April 16, 2011 North Carolina
North Carolina
Tornado Outbreak". National Weather Service. February 3, 2012. Retrieved August 7, 2016.  ^ "North Carolina's largest tornado outbreak – April 16, 2011". US Tornadoes. April 16, 2013. Retrieved August 7, 2016.  ^ a b "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved December 16, 2011.  ^ "NOWData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved December 4, 2012.  ^ "NOWData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved April 14, 2012.  ^ a b c "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved February 8, 2012.  ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved February 26, 2012.  ^ "Climatological Information for North Carolina", USA.com, 2003. Web: [1]. ^ Resident Population Data. "Resident Population Data – 2010 Census". 2010.census.gov. Archived from the original on December 20, 2012. Retrieved December 22, 2012.  ^ Data Access and Dissemination Systems (DADS). "American FactFinder – Results". census.gov. Archived from the original on August 15, 2014.  ^ "2010 Census" (PDF). US Census. Retrieved August 21, 2011.  ^ Population Division, Laura K. Yax. "Historical Census Statistics on Population Totals By Race, 1790 to 1990, and By Hispanic Origin, 1970 to 1990, For The United States, Regions, Divisions, and States". Archived from the original on July 25, 2008. Retrieved January 5, 2015.  ^ Population of North Carolina: Census 2010 and 2000 Interactive Map, Demographics, Statistics, Quick Facts[permanent dead link] ^ Center for New Media and Promotions(C2PO). "2010 Census Data". Retrieved January 5, 2015.  ^ a b "North Carolina". Modern Language Association. Retrieved August 16, 2013.  ^ "Cherokee". Ethnologue. Retrieved April 11, 2014.  ^ The Pew Forum - America’s Changing Religious Landscape ^ "North Carolina: Religious Traditions". State Membership Report. Association of Religious Data Archives. 2010. Archived from the original on December 17, 2013. Retrieved June 10, 2014.  ^ Whitsell, Robin (February 26, 2008). "Religiously-Affiliated North Carolina Colleges". Carolina Parent. Archived from the original on October 29, 2013. Retrieved June 10, 2014.  ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Counties: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015 – U.S Census Bureau". Census.gov. Archived from the original on July 15, 2016. Retrieved May 19, 2016.  ^ "nnual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015 – U.S Census Bureau". Census.gov. Archived from the original on October 19, 2016. Retrieved May 19, 2016.  ^ https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/carytownnorthcarolina,wilmingtoncitynorthcarolina,highpointcitynorthcarolina,greenvillecitynorthcarolina/PST045216 " North Carolina
North Carolina
(USA): State, Major Cities, Towns & Places" Check url= value (help). U.S. Census Bureau. July 1, 2016. Retrieved December 2, 2017.  ^ a b c d "Population Estimates 2015 Combined Statistical Areas: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 24, 2016.  ^ "GDP by State". Greyhill Advisors. Retrieved September 7, 2011.  ^ "Local & North Carolina
North Carolina
state news from Raleigh, NC – NewsObserver.com". Archived from the original on March 8, 2014. Retrieved January 5, 2015.  ^ "statedatalab.org: "The 19th worst state", Truth in Accounting" (PDF).  ^ Economy at a Glance. For North Carolina. U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. 2011. ^ "Site Selection Rankings". Greyhill Advisors. Retrieved October 17, 2011.  ^ a b "About NC". State of North Carolina. Retrieved August 7, 2016.  ^ " North Carolina
North Carolina
Agriculture". State Library of North Carolina. Archived from the original on August 11, 2016. Retrieved August 7, 2016.  ^ "States by Total Trees Harvested" (PDF). National Christmas Tree Association. Retrieved August 7, 2016.  ^ "About the Census". United States
United States
Department of Agriculture. Retrieved August 7, 2016.  ^ "U.S. Population in Poverty Percentage State Rank Based on ACS 2010-2014 data". Usa.com. Retrieved July 14, 2017.  ^ a b c d e (http://www.newsobserver.com/news/politics-government/state-politics/article107009877.html) ^ [2] ^ "NC Department of Transportation Article: North Carolina's Future Rides on Us". NC Department of Transportation. Retrieved September 22, 2012.  ^ World's busiest airports by passenger traffic#2013 statistics ^ "2016 Gubernatorial General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved December 20, 2016.  ^ "2016 Presidential General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved December 12, 2016.  ^ "2016 Senatorial General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved December 20, 2016.  ^ "2014 Senatorial General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved December 10, 2014.  ^ "2012 Gubernatorial General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved December 10, 2014.  ^ "2012 Presidential General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved December 10, 2014.  ^ "2010 Senatorial General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved December 10, 2014.  ^ "2008 Gubernatorial General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved December 10, 2014.  ^ "2008 Presidential General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved December 10, 2014.  ^ "2008 Senatorial General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved December 10, 2014.  ^ "2004 Gubernatorial General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved December 10, 2014.  ^ "2004 Presidential General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved December 10, 2014.  ^ "2004 Senatorial General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved December 10, 2014.  ^ "2002 Senatorial General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved December 10, 2014.  ^ "2000 Gubernatorial General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved December 10, 2014.  ^ "2000 Presidential General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved December 10, 2014.  ^ "1998 Senatorial General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved December 10, 2014.  ^ "1996 Gubernatorial General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved December 10, 2014.  ^ "1996 Presidential General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved December 10, 2014.  ^ "1996 Senatorial General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved December 10, 2014.  ^ "1992 Gubernatorial General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved December 10, 2014.  ^ "1992 Presidential General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved December 10, 2014.  ^ "1992 Senatorial General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved December 10, 2014.  ^ " North Carolina
North Carolina
Public Schools". Ncpublicschools.org. Retrieved January 31, 2012.  ^ News & Observer: Perdue's choice to lead state's school system takes office[dead link] ^ a b "NC Public School Facts". Ncpublicschools.org. Retrieved July 24, 2011.  ^ North Carolina
North Carolina
School District Demographics. Proximityone.com. Retrieved July 12, 2013. ^ The University of North Carolina. "Our 17 Institutions". Archived from the original on January 7, 2012. Retrieved January 5, 2012.  ^ NCSU. "About NC State:Discovery begins at NC State". Retrieved January 5, 2012.  ^ "Stats Report Viewer". nps.gov.  ^ "All About Asheville". ashevilleguidebook.com.  ^ Kate Rinsema. "The United States' happiest places [infographic] – Holy Kaw!". Holy Kaw!. Archived from the original on January 18, 2015.  ^ igovacation.com Archived January 11, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.. igovacation.com. Retrieved July 12, 2013. ^ "What To Do Across North Carolina". VisitNC.com. 2006. Archived from the original on December 1, 2006. Retrieved December 18, 2006.  ^ " North Carolina
North Carolina
Arts Council". Ncarts.org. Retrieved July 14, 2017.  ^ " North Carolina Museum of Art
North Carolina Museum of Art
Museum Backgrounder" (PDF). Ncartmuseum.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 19, 2012. Retrieved July 14, 2017.  ^ "N.C. Museum of Art: Rembrandt Exhibit Pumped $13 Million Into Wake County Economy". SGR Today.  ^ Unterberger, Richie (1999). Music USA: The Rough Guide. The Rough Guides. ISBN 1-85828-421-X.  ^ "Hey, James Taylor
James Taylor
– You've got a ... bridge?". Rome News-Tribune. May 21, 2002. Retrieved June 28, 2009.  ^ Hoppenjans, Lisa (October 2, 2006). "You must forgive him if he's ..." The News & Observer. Retrieved June 28, 2009. [dead link] ^ Waggoner, Martha (October 17, 2008). " James Taylor
James Taylor
to play 5 free NC concerts for Obama". USA Today. Associated Press. Retrieved June 28, 2009.  ^ Garner, Bob (2007). Bob Garner's Guide to North Carolina
North Carolina
Barbecue. John F. Blair, Publisher. ISBN 978-0-89587-254-8.  ^ Craig, H. Kent (2006). "What is North Carolina-Style BBQ?". ncbbq.com. Retrieved February 15, 2010.  ^ Nannie M. Tilley, The R.J. Reynolds Tobacco
Tobacco
Company (2009) ^ " USS North Carolina
USS North Carolina
'brought to life' again". WRAL-TV. May 3, 2008. Retrieved February 4, 2010.  ^ "General Assembly of North Carolina". Retrieved November 8, 2016.  ^ "Secretary of State of North Carolina". Retrieved July 24, 2011.  ^ " NASCAR
NASCAR
made North Carolina's official state sport". SportingNews.com. Retrieved January 26, 2012. 

Primary sources[edit]

Lefler, Hugh (numerous editions since 1934). North Carolina
North Carolina
History Told by Contemporaries . University of North Carolina
North Carolina
Press. Jones, H. G. (1984). North Carolina
North Carolina
Illustrated, 1524–1984. University of North Carolina
North Carolina
Press. North Carolina
North Carolina
Manual. Published biennially by the Department of the Secretary of State since 1941. The Religion in North Carolina
North Carolina
Digital Collection. A grant-funded project to provide digital access to publications of and about religious bodies in North Carolina. Partner institutions at Duke University, UNC-Chapel Hill, and Wake Forest University
Wake Forest University
contributed the largest portion of the items in this collection, but the collection is enriched by unique materials from libraries and archives throughout North Carolina. The materials in this collection include local church histories, periodicals, clergy biographies, cookbooks, event programs, directories, and much more.

Further reading[edit]

James, Clay; Orr, Douglas, eds. (1971). North Carolina
North Carolina
Atlas: Portrait of a Changing Southern State. Christensen, Rob (2008). The Paradox of Tar Heel
Tar Heel
Politics. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina
North Carolina
Press. Cooper, Christopher A.; Knotts, H. Gibbs, eds. (2008). The New Politics of North Carolina. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. Crow; Jeffrey J.; Tise, Larry E. (1979). Writing North Carolina History. Online. Eamon, Tom (2014). The Making of a Southern Democracy: North Carolina Politics from Kerr Scott to Pat McCrory. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina
North Carolina
Press. Fleer, Jack D. (1994). North Carolina
North Carolina
Government & Politics. Online political science textbook. Hawks, Francis L. (1857). History of North Carolina, Volumes I and II. Kersey, Marianne M.; Coble, Ran, eds. (1989). North Carolina
North Carolina
Focus: An Anthology on State Government, Politics, and Policy. 2d ed. Raleigh: North Carolina
North Carolina
Center for Public Policy Research. Lefler, Hugh Talmage (1963). A Guide to the Study and Reading of North Carolina History. Online. Lefler, Hugh Talmage; Newsome, Albert Ray (1954, 1963, 1973). North Carolina: The History of a Southern State. Standard textbook. Link, William A. (2009). North Carolina: Change and Tradition in a Southern State. History by leading scholar. Luebke, Paul (1990). Tar Heel
Tar Heel
Politics: Myths and Realities. Powell, William S. (1979–88). Dictionary of North Carolina Biography. Vol. 1, A-C; vol. 2, D-G; vol. 3, H-K. Powell, William S. (1958). North Carolina
North Carolina
Fiction, 1734–1957: An Annotated Bibliography. Powell, William S. (1989). North Carolina
North Carolina
through Four Centuries. Standard textbook. Powell, William S.; Mazzocchi, Jay, eds. (2006). Encyclopedia of North Carolina. Ready, Milton. (2005). The Tar Heel
Tar Heel
State: A History of North Carolina. Thuesen, Sarah Caroline. (2013). Greater Than Equal: African American Struggles for Schools and Citizenship in North Carolina, 1919–1965. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina
North Carolina
Press. WPA Federal Writers' Project (1939). North Carolina: A Guide to the Old North State. Famous WPA guide to every town.

External links[edit]

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facts from US Census Bureau NC ECHO – North Carolina
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at Chapel Hill Green 'N' Growing: The History of Home Demonstration and 4-H Youth Development in North Carolina
North Carolina
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Blue Ridge Parkway
in North Carolina The Religion in North Carolina
North Carolina
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Other

Geographic data related to North Carolina
North Carolina
at OpenStreetMap

Preceded by New York List of U.S. states by date of admission to the Union Ratified Constitution on November 21, 1789 (12th) Succeeded by Rhode Island

Topics related to North Carolina Old North State, Tar Heel
Tar Heel
State

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 State of North Carolina

Raleigh (capital)

Topics

Climate Geography

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Government Law

Tourist attractions

Seal of North Carolina

Society

Culture

Music Sports

Crime Demographics Economy Education Elections Gambling

Regions

Western

Foothills High Country

Piedmont

Metrolina (Charlotte) Piedmont Triad Triangle

Eastern

Sandhills Cape Fear Crystal Coast Inner Banks Outer Banks

Largest cities

Asheville Cary Chapel Hill Charlotte Concord Durham Fayetteville Gastonia Greensboro Greenville High Point Jacksonville Raleigh Wilmington Winston‑Salem

Smaller cities

Albemarle Apex Asheboro Burlington Conover Eden Elizabeth City Garner Goldsboro Graham Havelock Henderson Hendersonville Hickory Kannapolis Kings Mountain Kinston Laurinburg Lenoir Lexington Lumberton Monroe Morganton New Bern Newton Reidsville Roanoke Rapids Rocky Mount Salisbury Sanford Shelby Statesville Thomasville Wake Forest Wilson

Major towns

Beaufort Boone Brevard Carrboro Clayton Cornelius Dunn Fuquay-Varina Harrisburg Holly Springs Hope Mills Huntersville Indian Trail Kernersville Knightdale Leland Matthews Midland Mint Hill Mooresville Morehead City Morrisville Mount Pleasant Oxford Shallotte Smithfield Southern Pines Tarboro Waynesville Winterville

Counties

Alamance Alexander Alleghany Anson Ashe Avery Beaufort Bertie Bladen Brunswick Buncombe Burke Cabarrus Caldwell Camden Carteret Caswell Catawba Chatham Cherokee Chowan Clay Cleveland Columbus Craven Cumberland Currituck Dare Davidson Davie Duplin Durham Edgecombe Forsyth Franklin Gaston Gates Graham Granville Greene Guilford Halifax Harnett Haywood Henderson Hertford Hoke Hyde Iredell Jackson Johnston Jones Lee Lenoir Lincoln Macon Madison Martin McDowell Mecklenburg Mitchell Montgomery Moore Nash New Hanover Northampton Onslow Orange Pamlico Pasquotank Pender Perquimans Person Pitt Polk Randolph Richmond Robeson Rockingham Rowan Rutherford Sampson Scotland Stanly Stokes Surry Swain Transylvania Tyrrell Union Vance Wake Warren Washington Watauga Wayne Wilkes Wilson Yadkin Yancey

v t e

Mayors of cities with populations exceeding 100,000 in North Carolina

State capital: Raleigh

Vi Lyles (Charlotte) Nancy McFarlane (Raleigh) Nancy Vaughan (Greensboro) Steve Schewel (Durham) Allen Joines (Winston-Salem) Mitch Colvin (Fayetteville) Harold Weinbrecht (Cary) Bill Saffo (Wilmington) Bill Bencini (High Point)

v t e

Protected areas of North Carolina

Federal

National Parks

Great Smoky Mountains

National Historic Sites

Carl Sandburg Home Fort Raleigh

National Memorials

Wright Brothers

National Military Parks

Guilford Courthouse

National Battlefields

Moores Creek

National Parkways

Blue Ridge Parkway (Crabtree Falls Craggy Gardens Cumberland Knob Doughton Park E.B. Jeffress Park Julian Price Memorial Park Linville Falls Moses H. Cone Memorial Park Mount Pisgah Waterrock Knob)

National Trails

Appalachian Trail Overmountain Victory National Historic Trail

National Seashores

Cape Hatteras Cape Lookout

National Marine Sanctuary

Monitor

National Estuarine Research Reserve

Currituck Banks Rachel Carson Masonboro Island Zeke’s Island

National Forests

Cherokee Croatan Nantahala Pisgah Uwharrie

National Wildlife Refuges

Alligator River Cedar Island Currituck Mackay Island Mattamuskeet Pea Island Pee Dee Pocosin Lakes Roanoke River Swanquarter

Wilderness Areas

Birkhead Mountains Catfish Lake South Ellicott Rock Joyce Kilmer-Slickrock Linville Gorge Middle Prong Pocosin Pond Pine Sheep Ridge Shining Rock Southern Nantahala Swanquarter

Wilderness Study Areas

Craggy Mountain Harper Creek Lost Cove Overflow Snowbird

Wild and Scenic Rivers

Chattooga River Horsepasture River Lumber River New River Wilson Creek

State

State Parks

Carolina Beach Carvers Creek Chimney Rock Cliffs of the Neuse Crowders Mountain Dismal Swamp Elk Knob Eno River Fort Macon Goose Creek Gorges Grandfather Mountain Hammocks Beach Hanging Rock Haw River Jockey's Ridge Jones Lake Lake James Lake Norman Lake Waccamaw Lumber River Mayo River Medoc Mountain Merchants Millpond Morrow Mountain Mount Mitchell New River Pettigrew Pilot Mountain Raven Rock Singletary Lake South Mountains Stone Mountain William B. Umstead

State Recreation Areas

Falls Lake Fort Fisher Jordan Lake Kerr Lake

State Natural Areas

Hemlock Bluffs Masonboro Island Mount Jefferson Occoneechee Mountain Theodore Roosevelt Weymouth Woods

See also List of North Carolina
North Carolina
State Natural Areas

State Lakes

Bay Tree Lake Jones Lake Lake Phelps Salters Lake Singletary Lake Lake Waccamaw White Lake

State Trails

Deep River French Broad River Mountains-to-Sea Yadkin River

State Rivers

Horsepasture River Linville River Lumber River New River

State Forests

Bladen Lakes DuPont Clemmons Holmes Jordan Lake Mountain Island Rendezvous Mountain Turnbull Creek Tuttle

State Historic Sites

Alamance Battleground Charles B. Aycock Birthplace Historic Bath Bennett Place Bentonville Battleground Brunswick Town / Fort Anderson C.S.S. Neuse and Governor Caswell Memorial Charlotte
Charlotte
Hawkins Brown Memorial Duke Homestead Historic Edenton Fort Dobbs Fort Fisher Historic Halifax Horne Creek Living Historical Farm House in the Horseshoe North Carolina
North Carolina
Transportation Museum President James K. Polk Historic Site Reed Gold
Gold
Mine Somerset Place Stagville State Capitol Town Creek Indian Mound Tryon Palace
Tryon Palace
Historic Sites & Gardens Zebulon B. Vance Birthplace Thomas Wolfe Memorial

NC Coastal Reserve

Kitty Hawk Woods Emily and Richardson Preyer Buckridge Buxton Woods Permuda Island Bald Head Woods Bird Island

Other

Nature centers

List of nature centers in North Carolina

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Southern United States

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State capitals

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Political divisions of the Confederate States (1861–65)

States

Alabama Arkansas Florida Georgia Louisiana Mississippi North Carolina South Carolina Tennessee Texas Virginia

West Virginia1

States in exile

Kentucky Missouri

Territory

Arizona2

1 Admitted to the Union June 20, 1863. 2 Organized January 18, 1862.

v t e

Political divisions of the United States

States

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming

Federal district

Washington, D.C.

Insular areas

American Samoa Guam Northern Mariana Islands Puerto Rico U.S. Virgin Islands

Outlying islands

Baker Island Howland Island Jarvis Island Johnston Atoll Kingman Reef Midway Atoll Navassa Island Palmyra Atoll Wake Island

Indian reservations

List of Indian reservations

Coordinates: 35°30′N 80°00′W / 35.5°N 80°W / 35.5; -80

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 127824921 LCCN: n79007042 ISNI: 0000 0001 2185 7837 GND: 4042551-4 SELIBR: 155370 SUDOC: 02812619X BNF:

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