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NORSEMEN are the group of people who spoke what is now called the Old Norse language between the 8th and 11th centuries. The language belongs to the North Germanic branch of the Indo-European languages , and is the earlier form of modern Scandinavian languages .

_Norseman_ means "man from the North" and applied primarily to Old Norse-speaking tribes living in southern and central Scandinavia . In history, "Norse" or "Norseman" could be any person from Scandinavia, even though Norway , Denmark and Sweden were different sets of people by the Middle Ages .

The Norse Scandinavians established states and settlements in England , Scotland , Iceland , Wales , the Faroe Islands , Finland , Ireland , Russia , Greenland , France , Belgium , Ukraine , Estonia , Latvia , Lithuania , Germany , Poland , and Canada as well as southern Italy .

CONTENTS

* 1 Connection with Normandy * 2 Other names * 3 Modern Scandinavian usage * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links

CONNECTION WITH NORMANDY

The Old Frankish word _Nortmann_ "Northman" was Latinised as _Normanni_ and then entered Old French as _Normands_, whence the name of the Normans and of Normandy , which was settled by Norsemen in the 10th century.

OTHER NAMES

In the early Medieval period, as today, _Vikings _ was a common term for attacking Norsemen, especially in connection with raids and monastic plundering by Norsemen in the British Isles and Ireland . The Norse were also known as _Ascomanni_, _ashmen_, by the Germans, _Lochlanach_ (Norse) by the Gaels and _Dene_ (Danes) by the Anglo-Saxons.

The Gaelic terms _Finn-Gall_ (Norwegian Viking or Norwegian), _Dubh-Gall_ (Danish Viking or Danish) and _Gall Goidel_ (foreign Gaelic) were used for the people of Norse descent in Ireland and Scotland , who assimilated into the Gaelic culture. Dubliners called them Ostmen, or East-people, and the name Oxmanstown (an area in central Dublin; the name is still current) comes from one of their settlements; they were also known as Lochlannaigh, or Lake-people.

In the 8th century the inrush of the Vikings in force began to be felt all over Pictland . These Vikings were pagans and savages of the most unrestrained and pitiless type. They were composed of Finn-Gall or Norwegians, and of Dubh-Gall or Danes. The latter were a mixed breed, with a Hunnish strain in them. — Archibald Black Scott, The Pictish Nation, its People "> after the Russian Revolution . Iceland, Greenland, and the Faroe Islands are also geographically separate from the Scandinavian peninsula . The term _Nordic countries_ is therefore used to encompass the Scandinavian countries , Iceland, Greenland, the Faroes and Finland.

SEE ALSO

* Ancient Germanic culture portal

* Danes * Danes (Germanic tribe) * Faroese * Geats * Goths * Gutes * Haplogroup I-M253 * Icelanders * Norse- Gaels * Norwegians * Swedes * Swedes (Germanic tribe)

REFERENCES

* ^ Linden, Eugene (December 2004). "The Vikings: A Memorable Visit to America". _Smithsonian Magazine_. * ^ Pringle, Heather (October 19, 2012). "Evidence of Viking Outpost Found in Canada". _National Geographic News_. * ^ Michael Lerche Nielsen, Review of Rune Palm, _Vikingarnas språk, 750–1100_, _Historisk Tidskrift_ 126.3 (2006) 584–86 (pdf pp. 10–11) (in Swedish) * ^ Louis John Paetow, _A Guide to the Study of Medieval History for Students, Teachers, and Libraries_, Berkeley: University of California, 1917, OCLC 185267056 , p. 150, citing Léopold Delisle, _Littérature latine et histoire du moyen âge_, Paris: Leroux, 1890, OCLC 490034651 , p. 17. * ^ Adam of Bremen 2.29. * ^ Baldour, John Alexander; Mackenzie, William Mackay (1910). _The Book of Arran_. Arran society of Glascow. p. 11. * ^ Scott, Archibald Black (1918). _The Pictish Nation, its People & its Church_. Edinburgh/London: T. N. Foulis. p. 408. OCLC 4785362 . * ^ "Primary History, Vikings: Who were the Vikings". BBC . Retrieved 19 January 2017. The name 'Viking' comes from a language called 'Old Norse' and means 'a pirate raid'. People who went off raiding in ships were said to be 'going Viking'. * ^ "Scandinavia". _Dictionary.com_. Retrieved 19 January 2017. * ^ "About Nordic co-operation". Nordic Council of Ministers & Nordic Council. Retrieved 25 March 2014. Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden and the Faroe Islands, Greenland and Åland work together in the official Nordic co-operation.

EXTERNAL

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