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SIR NORMAN EVERARD BROOKES (14 November 1877 – 28 September 1968) was an Australian tennis player. Brookes was a world No. 1 ranked player and later president of the Lawn Tennis
Tennis
Association of Australia . During his career he won three Grand Slam singles titles, Wimbledon in 1907 and 1914 and the Australasian Championships in 1911. Brookes was part of the Australasian Davis Cup
Davis Cup
team that won the title on six occasions. The Australian Open
Australian Open
men's singles trophy, the Norman Brookes Challenge Cup, is named in his honour.

CONTENTS

* 1 Biography * 2 Tennis
Tennis
career * 3 Australian rules football
Australian rules football
career * 4 Honours

* 5 Grand Slam finals

* 5.1 Singles: 5 (3 titles, 2 runners-up) * 5.2 Doubles: 5 (4 titles, 1 runner-up)

* 6 References * 7 Further reading * 8 External links

BIOGRAPHY

Brookes was born in Melbourne
Melbourne
to Catherine Margaret (née Robinson) and William Brookes. His older brothers, Herbert and Harold , were prominent businessmen. Their father, an English immigrant, had become rich from gold mining in the Bendigo
Bendigo
area. Brookes received a private education at Melbourne
Melbourne
Grammar School . On leaving school, he went to work as a clerk at Australian Paper Mills, where his father was managing director, and was on the board himself within eight years.

Brookes married 20-year-old Mabel Balcombe Emmerton , the daughter of Harry Emmerton, a solicitor, on 19 April 1911 at St Paul's Cathedral in Melbourne. They had three daughters.

During World War I
World War I
he served as commissioner of the Australian Red Cross in Egypt. He died in South Yarra, Victoria
South Yarra, Victoria
, in 1968.

TENNIS CAREER

As a youth Brookes played regularly on the court of the family mansion in Queens Road, Melbourne
Melbourne
and nearby, at the Lorne St courts, he studied the strokes and tactics of leading players and was coached by Wilberforce Eaves .

Brookes was the first non-British player and the first left-hander to win the men's singles title at Wimbledon . He won the men's singles twice, first in 1907 and again in 1914 . He also won the doubles in each of those years with New Zealander Anthony Wilding
Anthony Wilding
, whom he beat in the 1914 singles final. He was a major figure in establishing the Australian Open
Australian Open
(known as the Australasian Championship until 1927), which he won in 1911. Brookes is considered to have been a World No. 1 player in the 1900s.

Brookes played 39 Davis Cup
Davis Cup
matches for Australia/ New Zealand
New Zealand
and the Australian Davis Cup
Davis Cup
Team between 1905 and 1920.

In May 1914 he won the singles title at the Surrey Lawn Championships in Surbiton, defeating Gordon Lowe
Gordon Lowe
in the final in five sets.

Brookes was instrumental in the development of Kooyong as a tennis centre. In 1926 he became the first president of the Lawn Tennis Association of Australia, a post he held for the next 29 years until his retirement in June 1955.

AUSTRALIAN RULES FOOTBALL CAREER

Brookes was also an Australian rules footballer in his youth, particularly for Melbourne
Melbourne
Grammar School. Until 2016 it was believed that he had played two VFL games for St Kilda in 1898; it was actually his brother Harold who had done so.

HONOURS

Norman Brookes
Norman Brookes
was knighted "in recognition of service to public service" in 1939. His wife, Mabel, Lady Brookes (CBE in 1933) became Dame Mabel Brookes (DBE) in 1955 for her work in charities and social causes.

The trophy for men's singles at the Australian Open, the Norman Brookes Challenge Cup, is named in his honour.

He was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame
International Tennis Hall of Fame
in 1977.

In 1981 he was honoured on a postage stamp issued by Australia
Australia
Post depicting a cartoon image by Tony Rafty .

GRAND SLAM FINALS

SINGLES: 5 (3 TITLES, 2 RUNNERS-UP)

OUTCOME REF. YEAR CHAMPIONSHIP SURFACE OPPONENT SCORE

Runner-up

1905 Wimbledon Grass Laurence Doherty 6–8, 2–6, 4–6

Winner

1907 Wimbledon Grass Arthur Gore 6–4, 6–2, 6–2

Winner

1911 Australasian Championships Grass Horace Rice 6–1, 6–2, 6–3

Winner

1914 Wimbledon Grass Anthony Wilding
Anthony Wilding
6–4, 6–4, 7–5

Runner-up

1919 Wimbledon Grass Gerald Patterson
Gerald Patterson
3–6, 5–7, 2–6

DOUBLES: 5 (4 TITLES, 1 RUNNER-UP)

OUTCOME REF. YEAR CHAMPIONSHIP SURFACE PARTNER OPPONENTS SCORE

Winner

1907 Wimbledon Grass Anthony Wilding
Anthony Wilding
Karl Behr
Karl Behr
Beals Wright
Beals Wright
6–4, 6–4, 6–2

Runner-up

1911 Australasian Championships Grass John Addison Rodney Heath
Rodney Heath
Randolph Lycett 2–6, 5–7, 0–6

Winner

1914 Wimbledon Grass Anthony Wilding
Anthony Wilding
Herbert Roper Barrett
Herbert Roper Barrett
Charles Dixon 6–1, 6–1, 5–7, 8–6

Winner

1919 U.S. National Championships Grass Gerald Patterson
Gerald Patterson
Vincent Richards Bill Tilden
Bill Tilden
8–6, 6–3, 4–6, 4–6, 6–2

Winner

1924 Australasian Championships Grass James Anderson Pat O\'Hara Wood Gerald Patterson
Gerald Patterson
6–2, 6–4, 6–3

REFERENCES

* ^ Norman Brookes
Norman Brookes
at Australian Open
Australian Open
Tennis. Quote: "Brookes was the first left-handed player ever to claim the coveted grass court title." * ^ " Norman Brookes
Norman Brookes
career match record". thetennisbase.com. The Tennis
Tennis
Base. Retrieved 15 October 2017. * ^ " Norman Brookes
Norman Brookes
career match record". thetennisbase.com. The Tennis
Tennis
Base. Retrieved 15 October 2017. * ^ Mazak, Karoly (2010). The Concise History of Tennis, p. 35. * ^ W. H. Frederick. "Brookes, Sir Norman Everard (1877–1968)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. * ^ " Norman Brookes
Norman Brookes
- Tennis
Tennis
- Athlete & Administration". Sport Australia
Australia
Hall of Fame. * ^ "Surrey County Championships – Brookes Wins Singles". The Age. 25 May 1914. * ^ "Sir Norman\'s Good-bye to Big Tennis". The Sydney Morning Herald. Jun 30, 1955. * ^ "Our First Great Champion at Wimbledon". The Age. 14 October 1959. p. 13. * ^ "Recent additions/changes/corrections". March 2016. * ^ "It\'s an Honour". Australian Government. Retrieved 28 February 2008. * ^ " Australian Open
Australian Open
– Trophy Tour". Tennis
Tennis
Australia. * ^ "Caricature of Sir Norman Brookes, tennis player". Australian Stamp. * ^ A B C D "Wimbledon Rolls of Honour / Gentlemen\'s Singles". Wimbledon official tournament website. Retrieved 2015-10-11. * ^ " Australian Open
Australian Open
Results Archive / Men\'s Singles". Australian Open official website. Retrieved 2015-10-11. * ^ A B "Wimbledon Rolls of Honour / Gentlemen\'s Doubles". Wimbledon official tournament website. Retrieved 2015-10-11. * ^ A B " Australian Open
Australian Open
Results Archive / Men\'s Doubles". Australian Open
Australian Open
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