NORITAKE CO., LIMITED
Noritake Kanpanī Rimitedo), commonly known as "Noritake," is a
tableware and technology company headquartered in
Nagoya , Aichi
* 1 History
* 2 Overseas
* 3 References
* 4 Literature
* 5 External links
Noritake porcelain (1920s)
In 1876, Ichizaemon Morimura VI and his brother Toyo founded Morimura
Gumi with the intent of establishing overseas trading by a Japanese
company. By 1878, Toyo had established a business in New York selling
Japanese antiques and other goods, including pottery. The company was
renamed Morimura Brothers in 1881. By the 1890s, the company had
shifted from retail to wholesale operations and started working on
design improvements for the pottery and porcelain ware, which had
become one third of its business. By 1899, all of the pottery and
porcelain decorating factories in Tokyo and Kyoto had been
consolidated in Nagoya, and the company started research on creating
European style hard white porcelain in Japan.
In 1904, key members of this trading company created the NIPPON TOKI
KAISHA, LTD. ("the Company that makes Japan's Finest China") in Japan.
A new factory was built in Noritake, near
Noritake-shinmachi, Nishi-ku, Nagoya, Aichi). In 1914 the company
succeeded in creating their first Western style dinner set, called
"Sedan", to compete with European porcelain companies. Nippon Toki
wares were mostly aimed at the European Market. This forerunner of the
Noritake Company was founded in the village of Noritake, a
small suburb near Nagoya, Japan. Most of the company’s early wares
carried one of the various “Nippon” back stamps to indicate its
country of origin when exported to Western markets. Today, many
collectors agree that the best examples of “Nippon-era”
(1891–1921) hand painted porcelain carry a back stamp used by
"Noritake" during the Nippon era.
Noritake porcelain (2009)
By 1923, Nippon Toki was looking to streamline its paperwork using
machines to handle large orders coming in from the United States, and
was impressed by the Hollereth tabulating machines manufactured by the
Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company (CTR). In May 1925,
Morimura-Brothers entered into a sole agency agreement with CTR (which
had been renamed
IBM in 1924) to import the Hollerith machines into
Japan. The first Hollerith tabulator in
Japan was installed at Nippon
Pottery in September 1925, making
IBM customer #1 in Japan.
Noritake started selling industrial grinding wheels based on
its porcelain finishing technology. It now provides ceramic and
diamond grinding and abrasive solutions for many industries. Other
products currently manufactured by Noritake, also derived from its
core tableware manufacturing technologies, include thick film circuit
substrates, engineering ceramics, ceramic powder, and vacuum
fluorescent displays, as well as heating furnaces and kilns, mixing
technology, filtration systems, and cutting and grinding machines.
Although consumers and collectors alike have called the tableware,
"Noritake" (and/or simply, "Nippon") since the late 1920s, the
Japanese parent company did not officially change its name to the
Noritake Co., Limited until 1981. Evidently, since
Noritake is the
name of a place, the company was initially prohibited from registering
the name as a trade name .
Noritake Garden in
Nagoya features the production of its
Noritake Australia Pty Ltd was established in 1958 and it is owned by
Noritake Co., Limited. By the late 1960s
Noritake brand had become a
Noritake is an official in-flight supplier to Qantas
Airways and the brand has worked together with the airline and
Marc Newson to create a crockery range for Qantas
International First and Business.
Noritake Australia also distributes
industrial grinding wheels in the Australian market.
* ^ "Corporate Profile". noritake.co.jp.
Noritake Co., Limited.
* ^ A B C "History". morimura.co.jp. Morimura Brothers, Inc.
* ^ A B C "History of Noritake". noritake.co.jp.
Limited. Retrieved 2014-02-01.
* ^ A B C D Page, Bob, Dale Frederiksen & Dean Six, Replacements,
Ltd. Noritake, Jewel of the Orient. 2001
* ^ "History of Innovation on the 75th anniversary of founding IBM
IBM . Retrieved 2014-02-01.
* ^ "
IBM Highlights, 1885–1969" (PDF). ibm.com.
IBM . Retrieved
* ^ "Ceramics and Materials". noritake.co.jp.
Limited. Retrieved 2014-02-01.
* ^ "Engineering". noritake.co.jp.
Noritake Co., Limited. Retrieved
* Neff Alden, Aimee, Collector Books. Collector's Encyclopedia of
Early Noritake. 1995
* Morikawa, Takahir, Maria Shobo Co., Ltd. Masterpieces of Early
* Spain, David H., Schiffer Publishing, Ltd.
Noritake Collectibles A
to Z.. 1995.
Noritake A to Z, Art Deco & More, 1999
Noritake Fancyware A to Z, 2002
* Art Deco