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Norfolk
Norfolk
(/ˈnɔːrfək/) is a county in East Anglia
East Anglia
in England. It borders Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
to the northwest, Cambridgeshire
Cambridgeshire
to the west and southwest, and Suffolk
Suffolk
to the south. Its northern and eastern boundaries are the North Sea
North Sea
and, to the north-west, The Wash. The county town is Norwich. With an area of 2,074 square miles (5,370 km2) and a population of 859,400, Norfolk
Norfolk
is a largely rural county with a population density of 401 per square mile (155 per km²). Of the county's population, 40% live in four major built up areas: Norwich
Norwich
(213,000), Great Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth
(63,000), King's Lynn (46,000) and Thetford
Thetford
(25,000).[4] The Broads
The Broads
is a network of rivers and lakes in the east of the county, extending south into Suffolk. The area is not a national park[5] although it is marketed as such. It has similar status to a national park, and is protected by the Broads Authority.[6]

Contents

1 History 2 Management of the shoreline 3 Economy and industry 4 Gallery 5 Education

5.1 Primary and secondary education 5.2 Tertiary education

6 Politics

6.1 Local 6.2 National 6.3 Norwich
Norwich
Unitary Authority dispute 2006-2010

7 Settlements 8 Transport 9 Dialect, accent and nickname 10 Tourism

10.1 Amusement parks and zoos 10.2 Theatres

11 People 12 People associated with Norfolk 13 See also 14 References 15 External links

History[edit] Main articles: Prehistoric Norfolk
Prehistoric Norfolk
and History of Norfolk Norfolk
Norfolk
was settled in pre-Roman times, with camps along the higher land in the west, where flints could be quarried.[7] A Brythonic tribe, the Iceni, inhabited the county from the 1st century BC to the end of the 1st century AD. The Iceni
Iceni
revolted against the Roman invasion in AD 47, and again in 60 led by Boudica. The crushing of the second rebellion opened the county to the Romans. During the Roman era roads and ports were constructed throughout the county and farming was widespread. Situated on the east coast, Norfolk
Norfolk
was vulnerable to invasions from Scandinavia
Scandinavia
and Northern Europe, and forts were built to defend against the Angles
Angles
and Saxons. By the 5th century the Angles, after whom East Anglia
East Anglia
and England
England
itself are named, had established control of the region and later became the "north folk" and the "south folk", hence, "Norfolk" and "Suffolk". Norfolk, Suffolk
Suffolk
and several adjacent areas became the kingdom of East Anglia
East Anglia
(one of the heptarchy), which later merged with Mercia
Mercia
and then with Wessex. The influence of the Early English settlers can be seen in the many place names ending in "-ton" and "-ham". Endings such as "-by" and "-thorpe" are also common, indicating Danish place names: in the 9th century the region again came under attack, this time from Danes who killed the king, Edmund the Martyr. In the centuries before the Norman Conquest
Norman Conquest
the wetlands of the east of the county began to be converted to farmland, and settlements grew in these areas. Migration into East Anglia
East Anglia
must have been high: by the time of the Domesday Book
Domesday Book
survey it was one of the most densely populated parts of the British Isles. During the high and late Middle Ages
Middle Ages
the county developed arable agriculture and woollen industries. Norfolk's prosperity at that time is evident from the county's large number of medieval churches: out of an original total of over one thousand, 659 have survived, more than in the whole of the rest of Great Britain.[8] The economy was in decline by the time of the Black Death, which dramatically reduced the population in 1349. By the 16th century Norwich
Norwich
had grown to become the second largest city in England; but over one-third of its population died in the plague epidemic of 1579,[9] and in 1665 the Great Plague again killed around one-third of the population.[10] During the English Civil War Norfolk
Norfolk
was largely Parliamentarian. The economy and agriculture of the region declined somewhat. During the Industrial Revolution Norfolk
Norfolk
developed little industry except in Norwich
Norwich
which was a late addition to the railway network. In the 20th century the county developed a role in aviation. The first development in airfields came with the First World War; there was then a massive expansion during the Second World War
Second World War
with the growth of the Royal Air Force
Royal Air Force
and the influx of the American USAAF 8th Air Force which operated from many Norfolk
Norfolk
airfields. For the local army regiments the Royal Norfolk Regiment
Royal Norfolk Regiment
and the Norfolk Yeomanry
Norfolk Yeomanry
please click on the links. During the Second World War
Second World War
agriculture rapidly intensified, and it has remained very intensive since, with the establishment of large fields for growing cereals and oilseed rape. Management of the shoreline[edit] Norfolk's low-lying land and easily eroded cliffs, many of which are chalk and clay, make it vulnerable to the sea; the most recent major event was the North Sea
North Sea
flood of 1953. The low-lying section of coast between Kelling
Kelling
and Lowestoft Ness
Lowestoft Ness
in Suffolk
Suffolk
is currently managed by the Environment Agency
Environment Agency
to protect the Broads from sea flooding. Management policy for the North Norfolk
North Norfolk
coastline is described in the North Norfolk
North Norfolk
Shoreline Management Plan, which was published in 2006 but has yet to be accepted by the local authorities.[11] The Shoreline Management Plan states that the stretch of coast will be protected for at least another 50 years, but that in the face of sea level rise and post-glacial lowering of land levels in the South East, there is an urgent need for further research to inform future management decisions, including the possibility that the sea defences may have to be realigned to a more sustainable position. Natural England
England
have contributed some research into the impacts on the environment of various realignment options. The draft report of their research was leaked to the press, who created great anxiety by reporting that Natural England
England
plan to abandon a large section of the Norfolk
Norfolk
Broads, villages and farmland to the sea to save the rest of the Norfolk coastline from the impact of climate change.[12] Economy and industry[edit] In 1998 Norfolk
Norfolk
had a Gross Domestic Product
Gross Domestic Product
of £9,319 million, which represents 1.5% of England's economy and 1.25% of the United Kingdom's economy. The GDP per head was £11,825, compared to £13,635 for East Anglia, £12,845 for England
England
and £12,438 for the United Kingdom. In 1999–2000 the county had an unemployment rate of 5.6%, compared to 5.8% for England
England
and 6.0% for the UK.[13] Important business sectors include tourism, energy (oil, gas and renewables), advanced engineering and manufacturing, and food and farming. Much of Norfolk's fairly flat and fertile land has been drained for use as arable land. The principal arable crops are sugar beet, wheat, barley (for brewing) and oil seed rape. The county also boasts a saffron grower.[14] Over 20% of employment in the county is in the agricultural and food industries.[15] Well-known companies in Norfolk
Norfolk
are Aviva
Aviva
(formerly Norwich
Norwich
Union), Colman's
Colman's
(part of Unilever), Lotus Cars
Lotus Cars
and Bernard Matthews Farms. The Construction Industry Training Board is based on the former airfield of RAF Bircham Newton. The BBC East
BBC East
region is centred on Norwich, although it covers an area as far west as Milton Keynes; the BBC
BBC
does however provide BBC Radio Norfolk
BBC Radio Norfolk
solely for the county. A Local Enterprise Partnership has recently been established by business leaders to help grow jobs across Norfolk
Norfolk
and Suffolk. They have secured an enterprise zone to help grow businesses in the energy sector, and established the two counties as a centre for growing services and products for the green economy. To help local industry in Norwich, the local council offered a wireless internet service but this has now been withdrawn as funding has ceased.[16] Gallery[edit]

Wells-next-the-Sea

River Wensum, Norwich

Norwich
Norwich
Cathedral: spire and south transept

St John the Baptist Cathedral, Norwich

Education[edit] Primary and secondary education[edit] See also: List of schools in Norfolk Norfolk
Norfolk
has a completely comprehensive state education system managed by Norfolk
Norfolk
County Council, with secondary school age from 11 to 16 or in some schools with sixth forms, 18 years old. In many of the rural areas, there is no nearby sixth form and so sixth form colleges are found in larger towns. There are twelve independent, or private schools, including Gresham's School
Gresham's School
in Holt in the north of the county, Thetford
Thetford
Grammar School in Thetford
Thetford
which is Britain's fifth oldest extant school, Langley School in Loddon, and several in the city of Norwich, including Norwich
Norwich
School and Norwich
Norwich
High School for Girls. The King's Lynn
King's Lynn
district has the largest school population. Norfolk
Norfolk
is also home to Wymondham
Wymondham
College, the UK's largest remaining state boarding school. Tertiary education[edit] The University of East Anglia
East Anglia
is located on the outskirts of Norwich and Norwich
Norwich
University of the Arts is based in seven buildings in and around St George's Street in the city centre, next to the River Wensum. The City College Norwich
Norwich
and the College of West Anglia
College of West Anglia
are colleges covering Norwich
Norwich
and King's Lynn
King's Lynn
as well as Norfolk
Norfolk
as a whole. Easton & Otley College, 7 miles (11 km) west of Norwich, provides agriculture-based courses for the county, parts of Suffolk
Suffolk
and nationally. University Campus Suffolk
Suffolk
also run higher education courses in Norfolk, from multiple locations including Great Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth
College.[16] Politics[edit] Local[edit]

Ward-by-ward map of the 2011 local district election results.

Map of the 2013 Norfolk County Council
Norfolk County Council
election results.

Norfolk
Norfolk
is administered by Norfolk County Council
Norfolk County Council
which is the top tier local government authority, based at County Hall in Norwich. For details of the authority click on the link Norfolk
Norfolk
County Council. Below Norfolk County Council
Norfolk County Council
the county is divided into seven second tier district councils: Breckland District, Broadland
Broadland
District, Great Yarmouth Borough, King's Lynn and West Norfolk
King's Lynn and West Norfolk
Borough, North Norfolk District, Norwich
Norwich
City and South Norfolk
South Norfolk
District. Below the second tier councils the majority of the County is divided into Parish and Town Councils the lowest tier of local government, (the only exceptions being parts of Norwich
Norwich
and Kings Lynn urban areas). As of 2018 The Conservative Party control six of the seven District Councils: Breckland District, Broadland
Broadland
District, King's Lynn
King's Lynn
and West Norfolk
Norfolk
Borough, North Norfolk
North Norfolk
District, Great Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth
Borough and South Norfolk
South Norfolk
District while Norwich
Norwich
City is controlled by The Labour Party. Norfolk County Council
Norfolk County Council
has been under Conservative control since 2017. There have been two periods when the Council has not been run by the Conservative Party, both when no party had overall control, these were 1993-2001 and 2013-2017. For the full County Council election results for 2017 and previous elections click on the link Norfolk County Council
Norfolk County Council
elections. National[edit] The county is divided in to nine parliamentary constituencies:

Broadland. Currently held by Keith Simpson (Conservative). Great Yarmouth. Currently held by Brandon Lewis
Brandon Lewis
(Conservative). Norwich
Norwich
North. Currently held by Chloe Smith
Chloe Smith
(Conservative). Norwich
Norwich
South. Currently held by Clive Lewis (Labour). North Norfolk. Currently held by Norman Lamb
Norman Lamb
(Liberal Democrat). South Norfolk. Currently held by Richard Bacon (Conservative). Mid Norfolk. Currently held by George Freeman (Conservative). North West Norfolk. Currently held by Sir Henry Bellingham (Conservative). South West Norfolk. Currently held by Liz Truss
Liz Truss
(Conservative).

In the 2010 General Election seven were held by the Conservatives
Conservatives
and two by the Liberal Democrats. The Labour Party no longer held the urban constituencies they once held in Norwich
Norwich
North and Great Yarmouth, leaving them with no MP's in the whole of East Anglia; the former Labour Home Secretary
Home Secretary
Charles Clarke
Charles Clarke
was a high level casualty of that election. In the 2015 General Election seven of these seats were won by the Conservative Party, with Labour winning Norwich
Norwich
South and the Liberal Democrats winning North Norfolk. In the 2017 General Election the 2015 result was repeated. Norwich
Norwich
Unitary Authority dispute 2006-2010[edit] In October 2006, the Department for Communities and Local Government produced a Local Government White Paper inviting councils to submit proposals for unitary restructuring. In January 2007 Norwich
Norwich
submitted its proposal, which was rejected in December 2007 as it did not meet the criteria for acceptance. In February 2008, the Boundary Committee for England
England
(from 1 April 2010 incorporated in the Local Government Boundary Commission for England) was asked to consider alternative proposals for the whole or part of Norfolk, including whether Norwich should become a unitary authority, separate from Norfolk
Norfolk
County Council. In December 2009, the Boundary Committee recommended a single unitary authority covering all of Norfolk, including Norwich.[17][18][19][20] However, on 10 February 2010, it was announced that, contrary to the December 2009 recommendation of the Boundary Committee, Norwich
Norwich
would be given separate unitary status.[21] The proposed change was strongly resisted, principally by Norfolk County Council
Norfolk County Council
and the Conservative opposition in Parliament.[22] Reacting to the announcement, Norfolk County Council issued a statement that it would seek leave to challenge the decision in the courts.[23] A letter was leaked to the local media in which the Permanent Secretary for the Department for Communities and Local Government
Communities and Local Government
noted that the decision did not meet all the criteria and that the risk of it "being successfully challenged in judicial review proceedings is very high".[24] The Shadow Local Government and Planning Minister, Bob Neill, stated that should the Conservative Party win the 2010 general election, they would reverse the decision.[25] Following the 2010 general election, Eric Pickles was appointed Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government
Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government
on 12 May 2010 in a Conservative–Liberal Democrat coalition government. According to press reports, he instructed his department to take urgent steps to reverse the decision and maintain the status quo in line with the Conservative Party manifesto.[26][27] However, the unitary plans were supported by the Liberal Democrat group on the city council, and by Simon Wright, LibDem MP for Norwich
Norwich
South, who intended to lobby the party leadership to allow the changes to go ahead.[28] The Local Government Act 2010
Local Government Act 2010
to reverse the unitary decision for Norwich
Norwich
(and Exeter and Suffolk) received Royal Assent on 16 December 2010. The disputed award of unitary status had meanwhile been referred to the High Court, and on 21 June 2010 the court (Mr. Justice Ouseley, judge) ruled it unlawful, and revoked it. The city has therefore failed to attain unitary status, and the two-tier arrangement of County and District Councils (with Norwich
Norwich
City Council counted among the latter) remains as of 2017.[29] Settlements[edit] See also: List of places in Norfolk
List of places in Norfolk
and List of settlements in Norfolk by population Norfolk's county town and only city is Norwich, one of the largest settlements in England
England
during the Norman era. Norwich
Norwich
is home to the University of East Anglia, and is the county's main business and culture centre. Other principal towns include the port-town of King's Lynn and the seaside resort and Broads gateway town of Great Yarmouth. Based on the 2011 Census[4] the county's largest centres of population are: Norwich
Norwich
(213,166), Great Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth
(63,434), King's Lynn
King's Lynn
(46,093), Thetford
Thetford
(24,883), Dereham
Dereham
(20,651), Wymondham
Wymondham
(13,587), North Walsham (12,463), Attleborough
Attleborough
(10,549), Downham Market
Downham Market
(9,994), Diss
Diss
(9,829), Fakenham
Fakenham
(8,285), Cromer
Cromer
(7,749), Sheringham
Sheringham
(7,367) and Swaffham (7,258). There are also several smaller market towns: Aylsham
Aylsham
(6,016), Harleston (4,458) and Holt (3,810). Much of the county remains rural in nature and Norfolk
Norfolk
is believed to have around 200 lost settlements which have been largely or totally depopulated since the medieval period. These include places lost to coastal erosion, agricultural enclosure, depopulation and the establishment of the Stanford Training Area
Stanford Training Area
in 1940. Transport[edit]

The Mid-Norfolk Railway
Mid-Norfolk Railway
at Dereham
Dereham
railway station.

Further information: Railways in Norfolk
Railways in Norfolk
and List of Norfolk
Norfolk
airports, airfields, and aerodromes Norfolk
Norfolk
is one of the few counties in England
England
that does not have a motorway. The A11 connects Norfolk
Norfolk
to Cambridge
Cambridge
and London via the M11. From the west there are only two routes from Norfolk
Norfolk
that provide a direct link with the A1: the A47 to the East Midlands
East Midlands
and to Birmingham
Birmingham
via Peterborough, and the A17 to the East Midlands
East Midlands
via Lincolnshire. These two routes meet at King's Lynn, which is also the starting point of the A10, which provides West Norfolk
Norfolk
with a direct link to London via Ely, Cambridge
Cambridge
and Hertford. The Great Eastern Main Line is a major railway from London Liverpool Street Station
Liverpool Street Station
to Essex, Suffolk
Suffolk
and Norfolk. Norwich
Norwich
International Airport offers flights within Europe, including a link to Amsterdam which offers onward flights throughout the world. Dialect, accent and nickname[edit] Main article: Norfolk
Norfolk
dialect The Norfolk dialect
Norfolk dialect
is also known as "Broad Norfolk", although over the modern age much of the vocabulary and many of the phrases have died out due to a number of factors, such as radio, TV and people from other parts of the country coming to Norfolk. As a result, the speech of Norfolk
Norfolk
is more of an accent than a dialect, though one part retained from the Norfolk dialect
Norfolk dialect
is the distinctive grammar of the region.[citation needed] People from Norfolk
Norfolk
are sometimes known as Norfolk
Norfolk
Dumplings,[30] an allusion to the flour dumplings that were traditionally a significant part of the local diet.[31] More cutting, perhaps, was the pejorative medical slang term "Normal for Norfolk",[32] alluding to the county's perceived status as a quirky rustic backwater.[33] Tourism[edit] Norfolk
Norfolk
is a popular tourist destination and has several major holiday attractions. There are many seaside resorts, including some of the finest British beaches, such as those at Great Yarmouth, Cromer
Cromer
and Holkham. Norfolk
Norfolk
contains the Broads and other areas of outstanding natural beauty and many areas of the coast are wild bird sanctuaries and reserves with some areas designated as national parks such as the Norfolk
Norfolk
Coast AONB.

Elm Hill in the historic city of Norwich

The Norfolk
Norfolk
Coast in the little village of Mundesley near Cromer

The bridge at Wroxham

The beach at Holkham
Holkham
National Nature Reserve

The Queen's residence at Sandringham House
Sandringham House
in Sandringham, Norfolk provides an all year round tourist attraction whilst the coast and some rural areas are popular locations for people from the conurbations to purchase weekend holiday homes. Arthur Conan Doyle first conceived the idea for The Hound of the Baskervilles
The Hound of the Baskervilles
whilst holidaying in Cromer
Cromer
with Bertram Fletcher Robinson
Bertram Fletcher Robinson
after hearing local folklore tales regarding the mysterious hound known as Black Shuck.[34][35] Amusement parks and zoos[edit]

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Norfolk
Norfolk
has several amusement parks and zoos.

Thrigby Hall near Great Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth
was built in 1736 by Joshua Smith Esquire and features a zoo which houses a large tiger enclosure, primate enclosures and the swamp house which has many crocodiles and alligators. Holkham
Holkham
Hall is an 18th-century stately home and visitor attraction, constructed in the Palladian style and at the centre of a 3,000 acre deer park on the North Norfolk
North Norfolk
coast with a woodland play area, walled garden and farming exhibition. Pettitts Animal Adventure Park at Reedham is a park with a mix of animals, rides and live entertainment shows. Great Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth
Pleasure Beach is a free-entry theme park, hosting over 20 large rides as well as a crazy golf course, water attractions, children's rides and "white knuckle" rides. BeWILDerwood is an award-winning adventure park situated in the Norfolk
Norfolk
Broads and is the setting for the book A Boggle at BeWILDerwood by local children's author Tom Blofeld. Britannia Pier on the coast of Great Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth
has rides which include a ghost train. Also on the pier is the famous Britannia Pier Theatre. Banham Zoo
Banham Zoo
is set amongst 35 acres (14 ha) of parkland and gardens with innovative enclosures providing sanctuary for almost 1,000 animals including big cats, birds of prey, siamangs and shire horses. Its annual visitor attendance is in excess of 200,000 people. It was awarded the prize of "Best Large Attraction" by Tourism in Norfolk
Norfolk
in 2010. Amazona Zoo is situated on 10 acres (4.0 ha) of derelict woodland and abandoned brick kilns on the outskirts of Cromer
Cromer
and is home to a range of tropical South American animals including jaguars, otters, monkeys and flamingos. Pensthorpe Nature Reserve, near the town of Fakenham
Fakenham
in north Norfolk, is a nature reserve with many captive birds and animals. Such species include native birds such as lapwing and Eurasian crane, to much more exotic examples like Marabou stork, Greater flamingo, and Manchurian crane. The site played host to BBC's 'Springwatch' from 2008 until 2010. A number of man-made lakes are home to a range of wild birds, and provide stop-off points for many wintering ducks and geese. Extreeme Adventure is a high ropes course built in some of the tallest trees in eastern England. In the 'New Wood' part of Weasenham Woods, Norfolk. The Sea Life Centre
Sea Life Centre
in Great Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth
is One of the biggest sea life centres in the country. The Great Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth
centre is home to a tropical shark display, one resident of which is Britain's biggest shark 'Nobby' the Nurse Shark. The same display, with its walk-through underwater tunnel, also features the wreckage of a World War II aircraft. The centre also includes over 50 native species including shrimps, starfish, sharks, stingrays and conger eels. The Sea Life Sanctuary in Hunstanton
Hunstanton
is Norfolk's leading marine rescue centre and works both as a visitor attraction as well as a location for rescuing and rehabilitating sick and injured sea creatures found in the nearby Wash and North Sea. The attractions main features are similar to that of the Sea Life Centre
Sea Life Centre
in Great Yarmouth, albeit on a slightly smaller scale.

Theatres[edit]

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Britannia Pier

Theatre Royal

Norwich
Norwich
Playhouse

The Pavilion Theatre (Cromer) is a 510-seater venue on the end of Cromer
Cromer
Pier, best known for hosting the 'end-of-the-pier' show, the Seaside Special. The theatre also presents comedy, music, dance, opera, musicals and community shows. The Britannia Pier Theatre (Great Yarmouth) mainly hosts popular comedy acts such as the Chuckle Brothers
Chuckle Brothers
and Jim Davidson. The theatre has 1,200 seats and is one of the largest in Norfolk. The Theatre Royal (Norwich) has been on its present site for nearly 250 years, the Act of Parliament in the tenth year of the reign of George II having been rescinded in 1761. The 1,300-seat theatre, the largest in the city, hosts a mix of national touring productions including musicals, dance, drama, family shows, stand-up comedians, opera and pop. The Norwich
Norwich
Playhouse (Norwich) hosts theatre, comedy, music and other performing arts. It has a seating capacity of 300. The Maddermarket Theatre
Maddermarket Theatre
(Norwich) opened in 1921 and was the first permanent recreation of an Elizabethan theatre. The founder was Nugent Monck who had worked with William Poel. The theatre has a seating capacity of 312.[36] The Norwich
Norwich
Puppet Theatre (Norwich) was founded in 1979 by Ray and Joan DaSilva as a permanent base for their touring company and was first opened as a public venue in 1980, following the conversion of the medieval church of St. James in the heart of Norwich. Under subsequent artistic directors – Barry Smith and Luis Z. Boy – the theatre established its current pattern of operation. It is a nationally unique[citation needed] venue dedicated to puppetry, and currently houses a 185-seat raked auditorium, 50 seat Octagon Studio, workshops, an exhibition gallery, shop and licensed bar. It is the only theatre in the Eastern region with a year-round programme of family-centred entertainment.[citation needed] The Garage studio theatre (Norwich) can seat up to 110 people in a range of different layouts. It can also be used for standing events and can accommodate up to 180 people. The Platform Theatre (Norwich) is in the grounds of City College Norwich
Norwich
(CCN), and has a large stage with raked seating for an audience of around 200. The theatre plays host to performances by both student and professional companies. The Sewell Barn Theatre
Sewell Barn Theatre
(Norwich) is the smallest theatre in Norwich and has a seating capacity of 100. The auditorium features raked seating on three sides of an open acting space. The Norwich
Norwich
Arts Centre (Norwich) theatre opened in 1977 in St. Benedict's Street, and has a capacity of 290. The Princess Theatre (Hunstanton) stands overlooking the Wash and the green in the East Coast resort of Hunstanton. It is a 472-seat venue. Open all year round, the theatre plays host to a wide variety of shows from comedy to drama, celebrity shows to music for all tastes and children's productions. It has a six-week summer season plus an annual Christmas pantomime. Sheringham
Sheringham
Little Theatre (Sheringham) has seating for 180. The theatre programmes a variety of plays, musicals and music, and also shows films. The Gorleston Pavilion
Gorleston Pavilion
(Gorleston) is an original Edwardian building with a seating capacity of 300, situated on the Norfolk
Norfolk
coast. The theatre stages plays, pantomimes, musicals and concerts as well as a 26-week summer season. People[edit] Further information: Category:People from Norfolk

Diana Athill, literary editor and author, South Norfolk
South Norfolk
and Ditchingham Peter Bellamy, folk singer and musician, who was brought up in North Norfolk Henry Blofeld, Cricket
Cricket
commentator Henry Blogg, the UK's most decorated lifeboatman, who was from Cromer Francis Blomefield, Anglican rector, early topographical historian of Norfolk James Blunt, English acoustic folk rock singer-songwriter who was raised in Norfolk
Norfolk
during his childhood Boudica, scourge of the occupying Roman Army
Roman Army
in first century Britain and queen of the Iceni, British tribe occupying an area slightly larger than modern Norfolk Martin Brundle, former motor-racing driver and now a commentator was born in King's Lynn Edward Bulwer-Lytton, 1st Baron Lytton, writer, born at Heydon Dave Bussey, former BBC Radio 2
BBC Radio 2
and current BBC
BBC
Radio Lincolnshire presenter Howard Carter, archaeologist who discovered Tutankhamun's tomb; his childhood was spent primarily in Swaffham Edith Cavell, a nurse executed by the Germans for aiding the escape of prisoners in World War I Sam Claflin, actor, grew up in Norwich
Norwich
and studied at Costessey High School. Sam Clemmett, actor, from Brundall
Brundall
known for starring in West End stage play Harry Potter and the Cursed Child, Haribo Tangfastics television advert and the BBC
BBC
documentary Murder Games: The Life and Death of Breck Bednar where he played Breck Bednar the teen murdered by Lewis Daynes.[37] Edward Coke, 17th-century jurist and author of the Petition of Right was born in Mileham
Mileham
and educated at Norwich
Norwich
School Olivia Colman, actress, born and educated in Norfolk. Jamie Cutter, co-founder of Cutter & Buck, America's largest golf apparel providers, born in Norwich Deaf Havana, Alternative rockband from the King's Lynn
King's Lynn
area. Cathy Dennis, singer and songwriter, from Norwich Diana, Princess of Wales, first wife of Charles, Prince of Wales, was born and grew up in Park House near the Sandringham estate Charles Spencer, 9th Earl Spencer
Charles Spencer, 9th Earl Spencer
brother of Diana, Princess of Wales and maternal uncle to T.R.H. Prince William, Duke of Cambridge
Cambridge
and Prince Harry Anthony Duckworth-Chad, landowner and Deputy Lord Lieutenant of Norfolk Sir James Dyson, inventor and entrepreneur, was born at Cromer, grew up at Holt and was educated at Gresham's School Bill (1916–1986), Brian (1922–2009), Eric (1914–1993), Geoff (1918–2004), John (1937–), and Justin (1961–) Edrich, cricketers E-Z Rollers, Drum and bass
Drum and bass
group was formed in Norwich. Nathan Fake, electronic dance music producer/DJ Pablo Fanque, equestrian and popular Victorian circus proprietor, whose 1843 poster advertisement inspired The Beatles
The Beatles
song, Being for the Benefit of Mr. Kite!, born in Norwich Natasha and Ralph Firman, racing drivers, were both born and brought up in Norfolk
Norfolk
and educated at Gresham's School Caroline Flack, television presenter, who grew up in East Wretham
East Wretham
and went to school in Watton Margaret Fountaine, butterfly collector, was born in Norfolk, and her collection is housed in Norwich
Norwich
Castle Museum Elizabeth Fry, prominent 19th century Quaker prison reformer pictured on the Bank of England
England
£5 note, born and raised in Norwich Stephen Fry, actor, comedian, writer, producer, director and author who was born in London and was brought up in the village of Booton near Reepham. He now has a second home near King's Lynn. Samuel Fuller, signed the Mayflower Compact Claire Goose, actress who starred in Casualty, was raised in Norfolk Ed Graham, drummer of Lowestoft
Lowestoft
band The Darkness, was born in Great Yarmouth Sienna Guillory, actress, from north Norfolk, who was educated at Gresham's School Sir Henry Rider Haggard, novelist, author of She, King Solomon's Mines, born Bradenham 1856 and lived after his marriage at Ditchingham Jake Humphrey, BBC
BBC
presenter, spent most of his childhood in Norwich Andy Hunt, footballer, grew up in Ashill. Julian of Norwich, mediaeval mystic, born probably in Norwich
Norwich
in 1342; lived much of her life as a recluse in Norwich Robert Kett, leader of Kett's Rebellion
Kett's Rebellion
in East Anglia
East Anglia
1549, from Wymondham Sid Kipper, Norfolk
Norfolk
humourist, author, songwriter and singer Myleene Klass, former Hear'Say
Hear'Say
singer, comes from Gorleston Holly Lerski, singer and songwriter, former member of the band Angelou, grew up and resides in Norfolk Henry Leslie, actor and playwright, born 1830 at Walsoken. Samuel Lincoln, ancestor of US President Abraham Lincoln Matthew Macfadyen, actor who starred in Spooks, was born in Great Yarmouth Kenneth McKee, surgeon who pioneered hip replacement surgery techniques, lived in Tacolneston Roger Taylor, drummer of the rock band Queen was born in King's Lynn and spent the early part of his childhood in Norfolk. Danny Mills, footballer, born in Norwich. Sir John Mills, actor, born in North Elmham Horatio, Lord Nelson, Admiral and British hero who played a major role in the Battle of Trafalgar, born and schooled in Norfolk. Nimmo Twins, sketch comedy duo well known in Norfolk King Olav V of Norway, born at Flitcham on the Sandringham estate Beth Orton, singer-songwriter, was born in Dereham
Dereham
and raised in Norwich. Thomas Paine, philosopher, born in Thetford. Ronan Parke, Britain's Got Talent
Britain's Got Talent
2011 finalist and runner up. Margaret Paston, author of many of the Paston Letters, born 1423, lived at Gresham. Barry Pinches, snooker player who comes from Norwich. Matthew Pinsent, Olympic champion rower, was born in Holt. Prasutagus, 1st-century king of the Iceni, who occupied roughly the area which is now Norfolk Philip Pullman, author, born in Norwich Miranda Raison, actress, from north Norfolk, who was educated at Gresham's School Anna Sewell, writer, author of Black Beauty, born at Great Yarmouth, lived part of her life at Old Catton
Old Catton
near Norwich
Norwich
and buried at Lamas, near Buxton. Thomas Shadwell, playwright, satirist and Poet Laureate Allan Smethurst, 'The Singing Postman' who sang songs in his Norfolk dialect, was from Sheringham Hannah Spearritt, actress and former S Club 7
S Club 7
singer, who is from Gorleston Adam Thoroughgood, colonial leader in Virginia, namer of New Norfolk County, which later became Norfolk, Virginia. Peter Trudgill, sociolinguist specialising in accents and dialects including his own native Norfolk
Norfolk
dialect, was born and bred in Norwich George Vancouver, born King's Lynn. Captain and explorer in the Royal Navy Stella Vine, English artist, spent many of her early years in Norwich Sir Robert Walpole, first Earl of Orford, regarded as the first British prime minister Tim Westwood, rap DJ and Radio 1 presenter, grew up in and around Norwich Parson Woodforde, 18th century clergyman and diarist Nick Youngs (1959–) and his two sons, Ben (1989–) and Tom (1987–) were both raised close to the town of Aylsham
Aylsham
on their father's farm.[38] Youngs was a former rugby player for Leicester Tigers and England. Both sons went on to represent the national rugby union team.

People associated with Norfolk[edit]

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The following people were not born or brought up in Norfolk
Norfolk
but are long-term residents of Norfolk, are well known for living in Norfolk at some point in their lives, or have contributed in some significant way to the county.

Verily Anderson, writer, lived in North Norfolk. Stuart Ashen, comedian, animator, actor and online reviewer, born and lives in Norfolk. Julian Assange, Australian publisher, journalist, writer, computer programmer, Internet activist and editor in chief of WikiLeaks, lived since 16 December 2010 in Ellingham Hall, the mansion of Vaughan Smith, under house arrest whilst fighting extradition to Sweden, before relocating to Kent
Kent
in December 2011 Peter Baker (1921–1966), British Conservative MP for South Norfolk Mary Bristow
Mary Bristow
(1781–1805), landscape gardener, owner of Quidenham Hall Bill Bryson, writer, has lived in the county since 2003. Adam Buxton, comedian and one half of Adam and Joe, moved to Norfolk in 2008 Richard Condon, Theatre Royal, Norwich
Norwich
and Pavilion Theatre, Cromer Pier manager Revd Richard Enraght, 19th century clergyman, religious controversialist, Rector of St Swithun, Bintree Liza Goddard TV and stage actress, lives in the village of Syderstone. Trisha Goddard, TV personality, lives in Norwich
Norwich
and writes a column in the local newspaper the Eastern Daily Press. Roderick Gordon, writer of Tunnels series, lives in North Norfolk. Adriana Hunter, translator of French novels, lives in Norfolk. John Major
John Major
British Prime Minister from 1990 to 1997, has a holiday home in Weybourne. Alan Partridge, fictional tongue-in-cheek media personality portrayed by Steve Coogan. His feature film Alan Partridge: Alpha Papa was set, filmed and had its world premiere in Norwich
Norwich
in 2013. Pocahontas, who lived at Heacham
Heacham
Hall for part of her life when she was married to John Rolfe. Martin Shaw, stage, television and film actor, is based in Norfolk. Delia Smith, cookery writer and major Norwich
Norwich
City Football Club shareholder John Wilson, angler, writer and broadcaster

See also[edit]

Duke of Norfolk Earl of Norfolk High Sheriff of Norfolk Custos Rotulorum of Norfolk – List of Keepers of the Rolls Norfolk (UK Parliament constituency)
Norfolk (UK Parliament constituency)
– List of MPs for the Norfolk constituency List of places in Norfolk List of future transport developments in the East of England List of Parliamentary constituencies in Norfolk Norfolk
Norfolk
Terrier Norwich
Norwich
Terrier Recreational walks in Norfolk Royal Norfolk
Norfolk
Regiment Healthcare in Norfolk Norfolk
Norfolk
Police Norfolk Police
Norfolk Police
and Crime Commissioner

References[edit]

^ Recorded in wills of 1043–45: Ekwall, Eilert (1940) The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-names; 2nd ed. Oxford: Clarendon Press; p. 327 citing Whitelock, Dorothy, ed. Anglo-Saxon Wills. Cambridge, 1930 ^ " Norfolk
Norfolk
2017-2018". The High Sheriffs Association of England
England
and Wales. Retrieved 6 December 2016.  ^ "Population and demography overview". Norfolk
Norfolk
Insight. Retrieved 13 June 2015.  ^ a b "2011 Census – Built-up areas". ONS. Retrieved 7 August 2013.  ^ " Broads Authority Act 2009 — UK Parliament". Services.parliament.uk. Retrieved 1 August 2017.  ^ "Homepage - Broads Authority". Web.archive.org. Archived from the original on 27 January 2014. Retrieved 18 May 2016. CS1 maint: Unfit url (link) ^ "Broads History Guide Norfolk
Norfolk
UK". Archived from the original on 2008-08-29. Retrieved 2017-09-23.  ^ "Medieval Churches in Norfolk :: Geograph Britain and Ireland". Geograph.org.uk. 24 September 2010. Retrieved 25 September 2013.  ^ "Voices of the Powerless: Boils and Buboes". BBC
BBC
Radio 4. 29 August 2002. Retrieved 3 November 2008.  ^ 4Seen web construction, Judi Ingram. "About the History of Norfolk". Archived from the original on 2003-01-01. Retrieved 2017-09-23.  ^ "Shoreline Management Plan". north-norfolk.org. 22 February 2008. Archived from the original on 8 June 2008. Retrieved 15 May 2008.  ^ Elliott, Valerie (29 March 2008). "Climate change: surrender a slab of Norfolk, say conservationists". The Times. London. Retrieved 14 May 2008.  ^ Office for National Statistics, 2001. Regional Trends 26 Archived 22 December 2003 at the UK Government Web Archive ch:14.7 (PDF). Accessed 3 January 2006. ^ "Home". Norfolk
Norfolk
Saffron. Retrieved 13 June 2015.  ^ "Welcome to Locate Norfolk
Norfolk
" Locate:Norfolk". Investinnorfolk.com. Archived from the original on 12 May 2006. Retrieved 13 June 2015.  ^ a b "UCS Great Yarmouth". Web.archive.org. 24 September 2013. Archived from the original on 24 September 2013. Retrieved 18 May 2016. CS1 maint: Unfit url (link) ^ "Local Government White Paper, Strong and Prosperous Communities". Norfolk
Norfolk
County Council. Archived from the original on 1 August 2008. Retrieved 10 September 2009.  ^ "The business case for unitary Norwich". Norwich
Norwich
City Council. Archived from the original on 7 December 2008. Retrieved 13 February 2010.  ^ "Proposals for future unitary structures: Stakeholder consultation". Communities and Local Government. Archived from the original on 23 August 2007. Retrieved 13 February 2010.  ^ "Our advice to the Secretary of State on unitary local government in Norfolk
Norfolk
(PDF Document)" (PDF). The Boundary Committee. 7 December 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 January 2012.  ^ "Minister's Statement of 10 February 2010". Communities and Local Government. Archived from the original on 4 March 2010. Retrieved 13 February 2010.  ^ "Unitary Authorities". House of Commons Hansard Debates. Parliament of the United Kingdom. 24 February 2009. Retrieved 13 February 2010.  ^ "Reaction to announcement on Local Government Reorganisation Announcement". News Archive. Norfolk
Norfolk
County Council. 10 February 2010. Retrieved 13 February 2010. [permanent dead link] ^ "Peter Housden's letter in full". Eastern Daily Press. 12 February 2010.  ^ Shaun Lowthorpe (2 February 2010). "At last, a verdict on Norfolk councils' future". Eastern Daily Press.  ^ Lowthorpe, Shaun (14 May 2010). "Government chief moves to axe Norwich
Norwich
unitary plans". Eastern Daily Press.  ^ "Pickles stops unitary councils in Exeter, Norwich
Norwich
and Suffolk". Department for Communities and Local Government. Retrieved 25 July 2010.  ^ "New bid to end unitary plans". Yarmouth Mercury. 17 May 2010. [permanent dead link] ^ "September by-elections for Exeter and Norwich". BBC
BBC
News. 19 July 2010. Retrieved 19 July 2010.  ^ "FOND Norfolk
Norfolk
Dumplings Page". Norfolkdialect.com. Retrieved 13 June 2015.  ^ " Norfolk
Norfolk
Dumpling
Dumpling
(Grose 1811 Dictionary)". Fromoldbooks.org. Retrieved 13 June 2015.  ^ "Health Doctor slang is a dying art". BBC
BBC
News. 18 August 2003. Retrieved 13 June 2015.  ^ Cawley, Laurence; News, Jodie Smith BBC. "Normal for Norfolk: Where did the phrase come from?". BBC
BBC
News. Retrieved 22 June 2016.  ^ "Arthur Conan Doyle, Sherlock Holmes and Devon: A Complete Tour Guide and Companion by Brian W Pugh, Paul R Spiring and Sadru Bhanji – TheBookbag.co.uk book review". Thebookbag.co.uk. 15 December 2014. Retrieved 13 June 2015.  ^ ''The District Messenger''. (PDF) . Retrieved on 25 August 2011. ^ "Seating Plan » Maddermarket Theatre". maddermarket.co.uk. Retrieved 19 September 2016.  ^ "Sam Clemmett". IMDb. Retrieved 28 February 2017.  ^ [1][dead link]

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Norfolk, England.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Norfolk
Norfolk
(England).

Norfolk
Norfolk
at Curlie (based on DMOZ) Official Visitor site for the East of England East of England
England
Tourism Eastern Daily Press Norfolk
Norfolk
Newspaper Norfolk
Norfolk
County Council Norfolk
Norfolk
tourism (official site) Norfolk
Norfolk
Tourist Information & Articles Norfolk
Norfolk
Tourist Information "60 Years of Change". A digital story, telling of the changes in a village school in rural Norfok Photos of Norfolk Norfolk
Norfolk
Rural Community Council, supports communities across Norfolk Norfolk
Norfolk
E-Map Explorer – historical maps and aerial photographs of Norfolk Gallery of Norfolk
Norfolk
– Photographs of Norfolk Photographs of North Norfolk Norfolk
Norfolk
Record Office – Government agency that collects and preserves records of historical significance for Norfolk
Norfolk
and makes them publicly accessible – useful for genealogical research Norfolk County Council
Norfolk County Council
YouTube channel Images of Norfolk
Norfolk
at the English Heritage Archive

Neighbouring counties

Lincolnshire The Wash North Sea North Sea

Lincolnshire Cambridgeshire

Norfolk

North Sea

Cambridgeshire Suffolk North Sea Suffolk

v t e

Ceremonial county of Norfolk

Boroughs or districts

Breckland Broadland Great Yarmouth King's Lynn
King's Lynn
and West Norfolk North Norfolk Norwich South Norfolk

Major settlements

Acle Attleborough Aylsham Cromer Dereham Diss Downham Market Fakenham Gorleston Great Yarmouth Hingham Holt Hunstanton King's Lynn Loddon North Walsham Norwich Redenhall with Harleston Reepham Sheringham Sprowston Stalham Swaffham Thetford Thorpe St Andrew Watton Wells-next-the-Sea Wymondham See also: List of civil parishes in Norfolk

Topics

Parliamentary constituencies Places Population of major settlements SSSIs Country houses Grade I listed buildings Grade II* listed buildings History Lost settlements Lord Lieutenants High Sheriffs Schools Museums Windmills

v t e

1974–1996 ←   Ceremonial counties of England   → current

Bedfordshire Berkshire Bristol Buckinghamshire Cambridgeshire Cheshire Cornwall Cumbria Derbyshire Devon Dorset Durham East Riding of Yorkshire East Sussex Essex Gloucestershire Greater London Greater Manchester Hampshire Herefordshire Hertfordshire Isle of Wight Kent Lancashire Leicestershire Lincolnshire City of London Merseyside Norfolk Northamptonshire Northumberland North Yorkshire Nottinghamshire Oxfordshire Rutland Shropshire Somerset South Yorkshire Staffordshire Suffolk Surrey Tyne and Wear Warwickshire West Midlands West Sussex West Yorkshire Wiltshire Worcestershire

Authority control

NDL: 00628930

Coordinates: 52°40′N 1°00′E / 52.667°N 1.000°E / 5

.