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The Info List - Non-metropolitan District


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NON-METROPOLITAN DISTRICTS, or colloquially "SHIRE DISTRICTS", are a type of local government district in England
England
. As created, they are sub-divisions of non-metropolitan counties (colloquially shire counties) in a two-tier arrangement. In the 1990s, several non-metropolitan counties were created that are unitary authorities and also have non-metropolitan district status. A third category is the districts of Berkshire, which are non-metropolitan districts that are unitary authorities, but without non-metropolitan county status.

CONTENTS

* 1 Non-metropolitan districts * 2 Status

* 3 History

* 3.1 Scotland
Scotland
and Wales
Wales

* 4 District
District
Councils\' Network * 5 List of counties and districts * 6 List of abolished non-metropolitan districts * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links

NON-METROPOLITAN DISTRICTS

Non-metropolitan districts are subdivisions of English non-metropolitan counties which have a two-tier structure of local government. Most non-metropolitan counties have a county council , and also have several districts, each with a borough or district council. In these cases local government functions are divided between county and district councils, to the level where they can be practised most efficiently:

* Borough/district councils are responsible for local planning and building control , local roads, council housing , environmental health , markets and fairs, refuse collection and recycling , cemeteries and crematoria , leisure services, parks, and tourism . * County
County
councils are responsible for running the largest and most expensive local services such as education , social services , libraries , main roads, public transport , policing and fire services , trading standards , waste disposal and strategic planning.

SERVICE NON-METROPOLITAN COUNTY NON-METROPOLITAN DISTRICT UNITARY AUTHORITY

Education Y

Y

Housing

Y Y

Planning applications

Y Y

Strategic planning Y

Y

Transport planning Y

Y

Passenger transport Y

Y

Highways Y

Y

Fire Y

Y

Social services Y

Y

Libraries Y

Y

Leisure and recreation

Y Y

Waste collection

Y Y

Waste disposal Y

Y

Environmental health

Y Y

Revenue collection

Y Y

STATUS

Many districts have borough status , which means the local council is called a Borough Council instead of District
District
Council and gives them the right to appoint a Mayor . Borough status is granted by royal charter and, in many cases, continues a style enjoyed by a predecessor authority, which can date back centuries. Some districts such as Oxford
Oxford
or Exeter
Exeter
have city status , granted by letters patent , but this does not give the local council any extra powers other than the right to call itself a City
City
Council. Not all city or borough councils are non-metropolitan districts, many being Unitary Authorities – districts which are ceremonially part of a non-metropolitan county, but not run by the county council – or metropolitan districts – which were subdivisions of the Metropolitan Counties created in 1974, but whose county councils were abolished in the 1980s and are effectively unitary authorities and have the same powers.

HISTORY

By 1899, England
England
had been divided at district level into rural districts , urban districts , municipal boroughs , county boroughs and metropolitan boroughs . This system was abolished by the London Government Act 1963 and the Local Government Act 1972 . Non-metropolitan districts were created by this act in 1974 when England
England
outside of Greater London was divided into metropolitan counties and non-metropolitan counties. Metropolitan counties
Metropolitan counties
were sub-divided into metropolitan districts and the non-metropolitan counties were sub-divided into non-metropolitan districts. The metropolitan districts had more powers than their non-metropolitan counterparts. Initially, there were 296 non-metropolitan districts in the two-tier structure, but reforms in the 1990s and 2009 reduced their number to 201. A further 55 non-metropolitan districts are now unitary authorities, which combine the functions of county and borough/district councils.

SCOTLAND AND WALES

In Wales
Wales
, an almost identical two-tier system of local government existed between 1974 and 1996 (see Districts of Wales
Wales
). In 1996, this was abolished and replaced with an entirely unitary system of local government, with one level of local government responsible for all local services. Since the areas for Wales
Wales
and England
England
had been enacted separately and there were no Welsh metropolitan areas, the term 'non-metropolitan district' does not apply to Wales. A similar system existed in Scotland
Scotland
, which in 1975 was divided into regions and districts, this was also abolished in 1996 and replaced with a fully unitary system .

DISTRICT COUNCILS\' NETWORK

In England
England
200 out of the 201 non-metropolitan district councils are represented by the District
District
Councils\' Network , special interest group which sits within the Local Government Association . The network’s purpose is to “act as an informed and representative advocate for districts to government and other national bodies, based on their unique position to deliver for ‘local’ people.”

LIST OF COUNTIES AND DISTRICTS

This is a list of non-metropolitan counties and their districts. Some non-metropolitan districts are coterminous with non-metropolitan counties, making them unitary authorities (for example Herefordshire , the Isle of Wight , and Rutland ). These are excluded from this list as is Berkshire which has no county council.

For a full list of districts of all types including unitary authorities, metropolitan districts and London boroughs , see Districts of England .

NON-METROPOLITAN COUNTY NON-METROPOLITAN DISTRICTS (EXCLUDING UNITARY AUTHORITIES) NUMBER

Buckinghamshire South Bucks - Chiltern - Wycombe - Aylesbury Vale
Aylesbury Vale
4

Cambridgeshire Cambridge
Cambridge
- South Cambridgeshire - Huntingdonshire - Fenland
Fenland
- East Cambridgeshire 5

Cumbria Barrow-in-Furness - South Lakeland
South Lakeland
- Copeland - Allerdale - Eden - Carlisle 6

Derbyshire High Peak - Derbyshire Dales - South Derbyshire - Erewash
Erewash
- Amber Valley - North East Derbyshire - Chesterfield - Bolsover 8

Devon
Devon
Exeter
Exeter
- East Devon
Devon
- Mid Devon
Devon
- North Devon
Devon
- Torridge
Torridge
- West Devon
Devon
- South Hams - Teignbridge
Teignbridge
8

Dorset
Dorset
Weymouth and Portland
Weymouth and Portland
- West Dorset
Dorset
- North Dorset
Dorset
- Purbeck - East Dorset
Dorset
- Christchurch 6

East Sussex Hastings - Rother
Rother
- Wealden - Eastbourne
Eastbourne
- Lewes 5

Essex
Essex
Harlow
Harlow
- Epping Forest - Brentwood - Basildon - Castle Point
Castle Point
- Rochford - Maldon - Chelmsford - Uttlesford
Uttlesford
- Braintree - Colchester - Tendring
Tendring
12

Gloucestershire Gloucester
Gloucester
- Tewkesbury - Cheltenham
Cheltenham
- Cotswold - Stroud - Forest of Dean 6

Hampshire Gosport
Gosport
- Fareham - Winchester - Havant - East Hampshire - Hart - Rushmoor
Rushmoor
- Basingstoke and Deane - Test Valley - Eastleigh - New Forest 11

Hertfordshire Three Rivers - Watford
Watford
- Hertsmere - Welwyn Hatfield
Welwyn Hatfield
- Broxbourne - East Hertfordshire - Stevenage - North Hertfordshire - St Albans - Dacorum
Dacorum
10

Kent
Kent
Dartford - Gravesham - Sevenoaks - Tonbridge and Malling - Tunbridge Wells - Maidstone - Swale - Ashford - Shepway - Canterbury - Dover - Thanet 12

Lancashire West Lancashire - Chorley - South Ribble
South Ribble
- Fylde - Preston - Wyre - Lancaster - Ribble Valley
Ribble Valley
- Pendle
Pendle
- Burnley - Rossendale - Hyndburn
Hyndburn
12

Leicestershire Charnwood - Melton - Harborough
Harborough
- Oadby and Wigston - Blaby - Hinckley and Bosworth - North West Leicestershire 7

Lincolnshire Lincoln - North Kesteven
North Kesteven
- South Kesteven - South Holland - Boston - East Lindsey
East Lindsey
- West Lindsey 7

Norfolk
Norfolk
Norwich
Norwich
- South Norfolk
Norfolk
- Great Yarmouth - Broadland - North Norfolk
Norfolk
- King\'s Lynn and West Norfolk
Norfolk
- Breckland 7

Northamptonshire South Northamptonshire - Northampton
Northampton
- Daventry - Wellingborough - Kettering - Corby - East Northamptonshire 7

North Yorkshire Selby - Harrogate - Craven
Craven
- Richmondshire - Hambleton
Hambleton
- Ryedale
Ryedale
- Scarborough 7

Nottinghamshire Rushcliffe - Broxtowe - Ashfield - Gedling - Newark and Sherwood - Mansfield - Bassetlaw
Bassetlaw
7

Oxfordshire Oxford
Oxford
- Cherwell - South Oxfordshire - Vale of White Horse - West Oxfordshire 5

Somerset
Somerset
South Somerset
Somerset
- Taunton Deane - West Somerset
Somerset
- Sedgemoor
Sedgemoor
- Mendip

5

Staffordshire Tamworth - Lichfield - Cannock Chase - South Staffordshire - Stafford - Newcastle-under-Lyme - Staffordshire Moorlands - East Staffordshire 8

Suffolk
Suffolk
Ipswich
Ipswich
- Suffolk
Suffolk
Coastal - Waveney - Mid Suffolk
Suffolk
- Babergh - St Edmundsbury - Forest Heath 7

Surrey
Surrey
Spelthorne - Runnymede - Surrey
Surrey
Heath - Woking - Elmbridge - Guildford - Waverley - Mole Valley - Epsom and Ewell - Reigate and Banstead - Tandridge 11

Warwickshire North Warwickshire - Nuneaton and Bedworth
Nuneaton and Bedworth
- Rugby - Stratford-on-Avon - Warwick 5

West Sussex Worthing
Worthing
- Arun
Arun
- Chichester - Horsham - Crawley - Mid Sussex - Adur 7

Worcestershire
Worcestershire
Worcester
Worcester
- Malvern Hills - Wyre Forest - Bromsgrove - Redditch - Wychavon
Wychavon
6

TOTAL 201

LIST OF ABOLISHED NON-METROPOLITAN DISTRICTS

This is a list of former two-tier districts in England
England
which have been abolished, by local government reorganizations such as the 2009 structural changes to local government in England
England
. It does not include districts that still exist after becoming a unitary authority or those that transferred from one county to another, including those that changed name.

NON-METROPOLITAN COUNTY (AT TIME OF ABOLITION) ABOLISHED NON-METROPOLITAN DISTRICTS NUMBER

Avon Bath - Kingswood - Northavon - Wansdyke 4

Bedfordshire Mid Bedfordshire - South Bedfordshire 2

Cheshire
Cheshire
Chester - Congleton - Crewe and Nantwich - Ellesmere Port and Neston - Macclesfield - Vale Royal 6

Cornwall
Cornwall
Caradon - Carrick - Kerrier - North Cornwall
Cornwall
- Penwith
Penwith
- Restormel 6

Durham Durham - Easington - Sedgefield - Chester-le-Street - Derwentside - Wear Valley
Wear Valley
- Teesdale 7

East Sussex Brighton
Brighton
- Hove
Hove
2

Hereford
Hereford
and Worcester
Worcester
Hereford
Hereford
- Leominster - South Herefordshire 3

Humberside
Humberside
Beverley - Boothferry - Cleethorpes - East Yorkshire - Glanford - Great Grimsby - Holderness - Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
8

Isle of Wight Medina - South Wight
South Wight
2

Kent
Kent
Gillingham - Rochester-upon-Medway 2

Northumberland
Northumberland
Blyth Valley - Wansbeck - Castle Morpeth - Tynedale - Alnwick - Berwick-upon-Tweed 6

Shropshire Bridgnorth - North Shropshire - Oswestry - Shrewsbury and Atcham
Shrewsbury and Atcham
- South Shropshire 5

Wiltshire
Wiltshire
Kennet - North Wiltshire
Wiltshire
- Salisbury - West Wiltshire
Wiltshire
4

TOTAL 57

SEE ALSO

* England
England
portal

* List of articles about local government in the United Kingdom * District
District
Councils\' Network

REFERENCES

* ^ National Statistics - Counties, Non-metropolitan Districts and Unitary Authorities * ^ "Members District
District
Councils\' Network". Districtcouncils.info. Retrieved 2013-09-24. * ^ " Special
Special
interest groups Local Government Association". Local.gov.uk. 2013-08-30. Retrieved 2013-09-24.

EXTERNAL

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