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The Info List - Non-metropolitan District


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Non-metropolitan districts, or colloquially "shire districts", are a type of local government district in England. As created, they are sub-divisions of non-metropolitan counties (colloquially shire counties) in a two-tier arrangement. In the 1990s, several non-metropolitan counties were created that are unitary authorities and also have non-metropolitan district status. A third category is the districts of Berkshire, which are non-metropolitan districts that are unitary authorities, but without non-metropolitan county status.

Contents

1 Non-metropolitan districts 2 Status 3 History

3.1 Scotland
Scotland
and Wales

4 District
District
Councils' Network 5 List of counties and districts 6 List of abolished non-metropolitan districts 7 See also 8 References 9 External links

Non-metropolitan districts[edit] Non-metropolitan districts are subdivisions of English non-metropolitan counties which have a two-tier structure of local government.[1] Most non-metropolitan counties have a county council, and also have several districts, each with a borough or district council. In these cases local government functions are divided between county and district councils, to the level where they can be practised most efficiently:

Borough/district councils are responsible for local planning and building control, local roads, council housing, environmental health, markets and fairs, refuse collection and recycling, cemeteries and crematoria, leisure services, parks, and tourism. County
County
councils are responsible for running the largest and most expensive local services such as education, social services, libraries, main roads, public transport, policing and fire services, trading standards, waste disposal and strategic planning.

Service Non-metropolitan county Non-metropolitan district Unitary authority

Education Y

Y

Housing

Y Y

Planning applications

Y Y

Strategic planning Y

Y

Transport planning Y

Y

Passenger transport Y

Y

Highways Y

Y

Fire Y

Y

Social services Y

Y

Libraries Y

Y

Leisure and recreation

Y Y

Waste collection

Y Y

Waste disposal Y

Y

Environmental health

Y Y

Revenue collection

Y Y

Status[edit] Many districts have borough status, which means the local council is called a Borough Council instead of District
District
Council and gives them the right to appoint a Mayor. Borough status is granted by royal charter and, in many cases, continues a style enjoyed by a predecessor authority, which can date back centuries. Some districts such as Oxford
Oxford
or Exeter
Exeter
have city status, granted by letters patent, but this does not give the local council any extra powers other than the right to call itself a City
City
Council. Not all city or borough councils are non-metropolitan districts, many being Unitary Authorities
Unitary Authorities
– districts which are ceremonially part of a non-metropolitan county, but not run by the county council – or metropolitan districts – which were subdivisions of the Metropolitan Counties created in 1974, but whose county councils were abolished in the 1980s and are effectively unitary authorities and have the same powers. History[edit] By 1899, England
England
had been divided at district level into rural districts, urban districts, municipal boroughs, county boroughs and metropolitan boroughs. This system was abolished by the London Government Act 1963 and the Local Government Act 1972. Non-metropolitan districts were created by this act in 1974 when England
England
outside Greater London
Greater London
was divided into metropolitan counties and non-metropolitan counties. Metropolitan counties
Metropolitan counties
were sub-divided into metropolitan districts and the non-metropolitan counties were sub-divided into non-metropolitan districts. The metropolitan districts had more powers than their non-metropolitan counterparts. Initially, there were 296 non-metropolitan districts in the two-tier structure, but reforms in the 1990s and 2009 reduced their number to 201. A further 55 non-metropolitan districts are now unitary authorities, which combine the functions of county and borough/district councils. Scotland
Scotland
and Wales[edit] In Wales, an almost identical two-tier system of local government existed between 1974 and 1996 (see Districts of Wales). In 1996, this was abolished and replaced with an entirely unitary system of local government, with one level of local government responsible for all local services. Since the areas for Wales
Wales
and England
England
had been enacted separately and there were no Welsh metropolitan areas, the term 'non-metropolitan district' does not apply to Wales. A similar system existed in Scotland, which in 1975 was divided into regions and districts, this was also abolished in 1996 and replaced with a fully unitary system. District
District
Councils' Network[edit] In England
England
200 out of the 201 non-metropolitan district councils are represented by the District
District
Councils' Network,[2] special interest group which sits within the Local Government Association.[3] The network’s purpose is to “act as an informed and representative advocate for districts to government and other national bodies, based on their unique position to deliver for ‘local’ people.” List of counties and districts[edit] This is a list of non-metropolitan counties and their districts. Some non-metropolitan districts are coterminous with non-metropolitan counties, making them unitary authorities (for example Herefordshire, the Isle of Wight, and Rutland). These are excluded from this list as is Berkshire
Berkshire
which has no county council. For a full list of districts of all types including unitary authorities, metropolitan districts and London boroughs, see Districts of England.

Non-metropolitan county Non-metropolitan districts (excluding unitary authorities) Number

Buckinghamshire South Bucks
South Bucks
- Chiltern - Wycombe - Aylesbury Vale 4

Cambridgeshire Cambridge
Cambridge
- South Cambridgeshire
Cambridgeshire
- Huntingdonshire
Huntingdonshire
- Fenland
Fenland
- East Cambridgeshire 5

Cumbria Barrow-in-Furness - South Lakeland
South Lakeland
- Copeland - Allerdale
Allerdale
- Eden - Carlisle 6

Derbyshire High Peak - Derbyshire
Derbyshire
Dales - South Derbyshire
Derbyshire
- Erewash
Erewash
- Amber Valley - North East Derbyshire
Derbyshire
- Chesterfield
Chesterfield
- Bolsover 8

Devon Exeter
Exeter
- East Devon
Devon
- Mid Devon
Devon
- North Devon
Devon
- Torridge
Torridge
- West Devon - South Hams
South Hams
- Teignbridge 8

Dorset Weymouth and Portland
Weymouth and Portland
- West Dorset
Dorset
- North Dorset
Dorset
- Purbeck - East Dorset
Dorset
- Christchurch 6

East Sussex Hastings
Hastings
- Rother
Rother
- Wealden
Wealden
- Eastbourne
Eastbourne
- Lewes 5

Essex Harlow
Harlow
- Epping Forest - Brentwood - Basildon - Castle Point
Castle Point
- Rochford - Maldon - Chelmsford - Uttlesford
Uttlesford
- Braintree - Colchester - Tendring 12

Gloucestershire Gloucester
Gloucester
- Tewkesbury - Cheltenham
Cheltenham
- Cotswold - Stroud - Forest of Dean 6

Hampshire Gosport
Gosport
- Fareham - Winchester - Havant - East Hampshire
Hampshire
- Hart - Rushmoor
Rushmoor
- Basingstoke and Deane
Basingstoke and Deane
- Test Valley
Test Valley
- Eastleigh - New Forest 11

Hertfordshire Three Rivers - Watford
Watford
- Hertsmere
Hertsmere
- Welwyn Hatfield
Welwyn Hatfield
- Broxbourne - East Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
- Stevenage
Stevenage
- North Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
- St Albans - Dacorum 10

Kent Dartford - Gravesham
Gravesham
- Sevenoaks - Tonbridge and Malling
Tonbridge and Malling
- Tunbridge Wells - Maidstone - Swale
Swale
- Ashford - Folkestone & Hythe - Canterbury - Dover - Thanet 12

Lancashire West Lancashire
Lancashire
- Chorley - South Ribble
South Ribble
- Fylde - Preston - Wyre
Wyre
- Lancaster - Ribble Valley
Ribble Valley
- Pendle
Pendle
- Burnley - Rossendale
Rossendale
- Hyndburn 12

Leicestershire Charnwood - Melton - Harborough
Harborough
- Oadby and Wigston
Oadby and Wigston
- Blaby - Hinckley and Bosworth - North West Leicestershire 7

Lincolnshire Lincoln - North Kesteven
North Kesteven
- South Kesteven
South Kesteven
- South Holland - Boston - East Lindsey
East Lindsey
- West Lindsey 7

Norfolk Norwich
Norwich
- South Norfolk
Norfolk
- Great Yarmouth - Broadland
Broadland
- North Norfolk
Norfolk
- King's Lynn and West Norfolk
Norfolk
- Breckland 7

Northamptonshire South Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
- Northampton
Northampton
- Daventry - Wellingborough - Kettering - Corby
Corby
- East Northamptonshire 7

North Yorkshire Selby - Harrogate - Craven
Craven
- Richmondshire
Richmondshire
- Hambleton
Hambleton
- Ryedale
Ryedale
- Scarborough 7

Nottinghamshire Rushcliffe
Rushcliffe
- Broxtowe
Broxtowe
- Ashfield
Ashfield
- Gedling
Gedling
- Newark and Sherwood
Newark and Sherwood
- Mansfield - Bassetlaw 7

Oxfordshire Oxford
Oxford
- Cherwell - South Oxfordshire
Oxfordshire
- Vale of White Horse
Vale of White Horse
- West Oxfordshire 5

Somerset South Somerset
Somerset
- Taunton Deane
Taunton Deane
- West Somerset
Somerset
- Sedgemoor
Sedgemoor
- Mendip 5

Staffordshire Tamworth - Lichfield - Cannock Chase - South Staffordshire
Staffordshire
- Stafford - Newcastle-under-Lyme - Staffordshire
Staffordshire
Moorlands - East Staffordshire 8

Suffolk Ipswich
Ipswich
- Suffolk
Suffolk
Coastal - Waveney
Waveney
- Mid Suffolk
Suffolk
- Babergh
Babergh
- St Edmundsbury - Forest Heath 7

Surrey Spelthorne
Spelthorne
- Runnymede - Surrey
Surrey
Heath - Woking - Elmbridge
Elmbridge
- Guildford - Waverley - Mole Valley
Mole Valley
- Epsom and Ewell
Epsom and Ewell
- Reigate and Banstead
Reigate and Banstead
- Tandridge 11

Warwickshire North Warwickshire
Warwickshire
- Nuneaton and Bedworth
Nuneaton and Bedworth
- Rugby - Stratford-on-Avon - Warwick 5

West Sussex Worthing
Worthing
- Arun
Arun
- Chichester - Horsham - Crawley
Crawley
- Mid Sussex
Mid Sussex
- Adur 7

Worcestershire Worcester
Worcester
- Malvern Hills - Wyre
Wyre
Forest - Bromsgrove - Redditch
Redditch
- Wychavon 6

Total 201

List of abolished non-metropolitan districts[edit] This is a list of former two-tier districts in England
England
which have been abolished, by local government reorganizations such as the 2009 structural changes to local government in England. It does not include districts that still exist after becoming a unitary authority or those that transferred from one county to another, including those that changed name.

Non-metropolitan county
Non-metropolitan county
(at time of abolition) Abolished non-metropolitan districts Number

Avon Bath - Kingswood - Northavon
Northavon
- Wansdyke 4

Bedfordshire Mid Bedfordshire
Bedfordshire
- South Bedfordshire 2

Cheshire Chester - Congleton - Crewe and Nantwich
Crewe and Nantwich
- Ellesmere Port and Neston
Ellesmere Port and Neston
- Macclesfield - Vale Royal 6

Cornwall Caradon
Caradon
- Carrick - Kerrier - North Cornwall
Cornwall
- Penwith
Penwith
- Restormel 6

Durham Durham - Easington - Sedgefield - Chester-le-Street - Derwentside
Derwentside
- Wear Valley
Wear Valley
- Teesdale 7

East Sussex Brighton
Brighton
- Hove 2

Hereford
Hereford
and Worcester Hereford
Hereford
- Leominster - South Herefordshire 3

Humberside Beverley - Boothferry - Cleethorpes - East Yorkshire - Glanford
Glanford
- Great Grimsby - Holderness - Scunthorpe 8

Isle of Wight Medina - South Wight 2

Kent Gillingham - Rochester-upon-Medway 2

Northumberland Blyth Valley - Wansbeck - Castle Morpeth - Tynedale - Alnwick - Berwick-upon-Tweed 6

Shropshire Bridgnorth - North Shropshire
Shropshire
- Oswestry - Shrewsbury and Atcham
Shrewsbury and Atcham
- South Shropshire 5

Wiltshire Kennet - North Wiltshire
Wiltshire
- Salisbury - West Wiltshire 4

Total 57

See also[edit]

England
England
portal

List of articles about local government in the United Kingdom District
District
Councils' Network

References[edit]

^ National Statistics - Counties, Non-metropolitan Districts and Unitary Authorities
Unitary Authorities
Archived 2002-05-09 at the UK Government Web Archive ^ "Members District
District
Councils' Network". Districtcouncils.info. Retrieved 2013-09-24.  ^ " Special
Special
interest groups Local Government Association". Local.gov.uk. 2013-08-30. Retrieved 2013-09-24. 

External links[edit]

Map of the UK counties and unitary administrations Map of all UK local authorities

v t e

Subdivisions of England

Region

Regions NUTS 1 statistical regions of England

Ceremonial County

Ceremonial County

Administrative County

Metropolitan County Non-Metropolitan County Greater London

District

Metropolitan Borough Non-Metropolitan District London Borough

Unitary Authority

Unitary Authority

Sui-Generis

City
City
of London Isles of Scilly

Civil Parish

Civil Parish

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Designations for types of administrative territorial entities

English terms

Common English terms1

Area

Insular area Local government
Local government
area Protected area Special
Special
area Statistical area

Combined statistical area Metropolitan statistical area Micropolitan statistical area

Urban area

Canton

Half-canton

Borough

County
County
borough Metropolitan borough

Capital

Federal capital Imperial capital

City

City
City
state Autonomous city Charter city Independent city Incorporated city Imperial city Free imperial city Royal free city

Community

Autonomous community Residential community

County

Administrative county Autonomous county Consolidated city-county Metropolitan county

Non-metropolitan

Viscountcy

Country

Overseas country

Department

Overseas department

District

Capital district City
City
district Congressional district Electoral district Federal district Indian government district Land district Metropolitan district

Non-metropolitan district

Military district Municipal district Police
Police
district Regional district Rural district Sanitary district Subdistrict Urban district Special
Special
district

Division

Census division Police
Police
division Subdivision

Municipality

City
City
municipality County
County
municipality

Norway Nova Scotia Regional county municipality

Direct-controlled municipality District
District
municipality Mountain resort municipality Neutral municipality Regional municipality Resort municipality Rural municipality Specialized municipality

Prefecture

Autonomous prefecture Subprefecture Super-prefecture Praetorian prefecture

Province

Autonomous province Overseas province Roman province

Region

Administrative region Autonomous region Capital region Development region Economic region Mesoregion Microregion Overseas region Planning region Special
Special
administrative region Statistical region Subregion

Reserve

Biosphere reserve Ecological reserve Game reserve Indian reserve Nature reserve

State

Federal state Free state Sovereign state

Territory

Capital territory

Federal capital territory

Dependent territory Federal territory Military territory Organized incorporated territory Overseas territory Union territory Unorganized territory

Town

Census town Market town

Township

Charter township Civil township Paper township Survey township Urban township

Unit

Autonomous territorial unit Local administrative unit Municipal unit Regional unit

Zone

Economic zone

Exclusive economic zone Free economic zone Special
Special
economic zone

Free-trade zone Neutral zone Self-administered zone

Other English terms

Current

Alpine resort Bailiwick Banner

Autonomous

Block Cadastre Circle Circuit Colony Commune Condominium Constituency Duchy Eldership Emirate Federal dependency Governorate Hamlet Ilkhanate Indian reservation Manor

Royal

Muftiate Neighbourhood Parish Periphery Precinct Principality Protectorate Quarter Regency Autonomous republic Riding Sector

Autonomous

Shire Sultanate Suzerainty Townland Village

Administrative Summer

Ward

Historical

Agency Barony Burgh Exarchate Hide Hundred Imperial Circle March Monthon Presidency Residency Roman diocese Seat Tenth Tithing

Non-English or loanwords

Current

Amt Bakhsh Barangay Bezirk Regierungsbezirk Comune Frazione Fu Gemeinde Județ Kunta / kommun

Finland Sweden

Län Località Megye Muban Oblast

Autonomous

Okrug Ostān Poblacion Purok Shahrestān Sum Sýsla Tehsil Vingtaine

Historical

Commote Gau Heerlijkheid Köping Maalaiskunta Nome

Egypt Greece

Pagus Pargana Plasă Satrapy Socken Subah Syssel Zhou

v t e

Arabic
Arabic
terms for country subdivisions

First-level

Muhafazah (محافظة governorate) Wilayah (ولاية province) Mintaqah (منطقة region) Mudiriyah (مديرية directorate) Imarah (إمارة emirate) Baladiyah (بلدية municipality) Shabiyah (شعبية "popularate")

Second / third-level

Mintaqah (منطقة region) Qadaa (قضاء district) Nahiyah (ناحية subdistrict) Markaz (مركز district) Mutamadiyah (معتمدية "delegation") Daerah/Daïra (دائرة circle) Liwa (لواء banner / sanjak)

City / township-level

Amanah (أمانة municipality) Baladiyah (بلدية municipality) Ḥai (حي neighborhood / quarter) Mahallah (محلة) Qarya (قرية) Sheyakhah (شياخة "neighborhood subdivision")

English translations given are those most commonly used.

v t e

French terms for country subdivisions

arrondissement département préfecture subprefectures

v t e

Greek terms for country subdivisions

Modern

apokentromenes dioikiseis / geniki dioikisis§ / diamerisma§ / periphereia nomos§ / periphereiaki enotita demos / eparchia§ / koinotita§

Historical

archontia/archontaton bandon demos despotaton dioikesis doukaton droungos eparchia exarchaton katepanikion kephalatikion kleisoura meris naukrareia satrapeia strategis thema toparchia tourma

§ signifies a defunct institution

v t e

Portuguese terms for country subdivisions

Regional subdivisions

Estado Distrito federal Província Região Distrito Comarca Capitania

Local subdivisions

Município Concelho Freguesia Comuna Circunscrição

Settlements

Cidade Vila Aldeia Bairro Lugar

Historical subdivisions in italics.

v t e

Slavic terms for country subdivisions

Current

dzielnica gmina krai kraj krajina / pokrajina městys obec oblast / oblast' / oblasti / oblys / obwód / voblast' okręg okres okrug opština / općina / občina / obshtina osiedle powiat / povit raion selsoviet / silrada sołectwo voivodeship / vojvodina županija

Historical

darugha gromada guberniya / gubernia jurydyka khutor obshchina okolia opole pogost prowincja sorok srez starostwo / starostva uyezd volost ziemia župa

v t e

Spanish terms for country subdivisions

National, Federal

Comunidad autónoma Departamento Distrito federal Estado Provincia Región

Regional, Metropolitan

Cantón Comarca Comuna Corregimiento Delegación Distrito Mancomunidad Merindad Municipalidad Municipio Parroquia

Ecuador Spain

Urban, Rural

Aldea Alquería Anteiglesia Asentamiento

Asentamiento informal Pueblos jóvenes

Barrio Campamento Caserío Ciudad

Ciudad autónoma

Colonia Lugar Masía Pedanía Población Ranchería Sitio Vereda Villa Village
Village
(Pueblito/Pueblo)

Historical subdivisions in italics.

v t e

Turkish terms for country subdivisions

Modern

il (province) ilçe (district) şehir (city) kasaba (town) belediye (municipality) belde (community) köy (village) mahalle (neighbourhood/quarter)

Historical

ağalık (feudal district) bucak (subdistrict) beylerbeylik (province) kadılık (subprovince) kaza (sub-province) hidivlik (viceroyalty) mutasarrıflık (subprovince) nahiye (nahiyah) paşalık (province) reya (Romanian principalities) sancak (prefecture) vilayet (province) voyvodalık (Romanian provinces)

1 Used by ten or more countries or having derived terms. Historical derivations in italics. See also: Census division, Electoral district, Political division, and List of administrative di

.