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The Info List - Non-metropolitan County


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A non-metropolitan county, or colloquially, shire county, is a county-level entity in England
England
that is not a metropolitan county. The counties typically have populations of 300,000 to 1.4 million.[1] The term shire county is, however, an unofficial usage. Many of the non-metropolitan counties bear historic names and most end in the suffix "-shire" such as Wiltshire
Wiltshire
or Staffordshire. Of the remainder, some counties had the -shire ending and have lost it over time; such as Devon
Devon
and Somerset. " Shire
Shire
county" is, strictly, a dual-language tautology since the French-derived "county" means the same as the older Anglo-Saxon word "shire".

Contents

1 Origins 2 Changes

2.1 1995–1998 2.2 2009

3 List of non-metropolitan counties 4 Wales 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

Origins[edit] Prior to 1974 local government had been divided between single-tier county boroughs (the largest towns and cities) and two-tier administrative counties which were subdivided into municipal boroughs and urban and rural districts. The Local Government Act 1972, which came into effect on 1 April 1974, divided England
England
outside Greater London and the six largest conurbations into thirty-nine non-metropolitan counties. Each county was divided into anywhere between two and fourteen non-metropolitan districts. There was a uniform two-tier system of local government with county councils dealing with "wide-area" services such as education, fire services and the police, and district councils exercising more local powers over areas such as planning, housing and refuse collection.

Service Non-metropolitan county Non-metropolitan district Unitary authority

Education Y

Y

Housing

Y Y

Planning applications

Y Y

Strategic planning Y

Y

Transport planning Y

Y

Passenger transport Y

Y

Highways Y

Y

Fire Y

Y

Social services Y

Y

Libraries Y

Y

Leisure and recreation

Y Y

Waste collection

Y Y

Waste disposal Y

Y

Environmental health

Y Y

Revenue collection

Y Y

As originally constituted, the non-metropolitan counties were largely based on existing counties, although they did include a number of innovations. Some counties were based on areas surrounding large county boroughs or were formed by the mergers of smaller counties. Examples of the first category are Avon (based on Bath and Bristol) and Cleveland (based on Teesside). Examples of the second category are Hereford and Worcester and Cumbria. The counties were adopted for all statutory purposes: a lord-lieutenant and high sheriff was appointed to each county, and they were also used for judicial administration, and definition of police force areas. The Royal Mail
Royal Mail
adopted the counties for postal purposes in most areas. Changes[edit] 1995–1998[edit] A Local Government Commission was appointed in 1992 to review the administrative structure of the non-metropolitan counties. It was anticipated that a system of unitary authorities would entirely replace the two-tier system. The Commission faced competing claims from former county boroughs wishing to regain unitary status and advocates for the restoration of such small counties as Herefordshire and Rutland.[2] The review led to the introduction of unitary local government in some areas but not in others. In the majority of unitary authorities an existing district council took over powers from the county council. The 1972 Act required that all areas outside Greater London form part of a non-metropolitan county, and that all such counties should contain at least one district.[3] Accordingly, the statutory instruments that effected the reorganisation separated the unitary districts from the county in which they were situated and constituted them as counties. The orders also provided that the provisions of the 1972 Act that every county should have a county council should not apply in the new counties, with the district council exercising the powers of the county council. An exception was made in the case of Berkshire, which was retained with its existing boundaries in spite of the abolition of its county council and the creation of six unitary authorities. This was done in order to preserve its status as a royal county.[4] With the creation of numerous new non-metropolitan counties, the areas used for lieutenancy and shrievalty began to diverge from local government areas. This led to the development of ceremonial counties for these purposes, a fact recognised by the Lieutenancies Act 1997. 2009[edit] A further wave of unitary authorities were created in 2009 under the terms of the Local Government and Public Involvement in Health Act 2007. While a number of new county counties were created, several of the new authorities (such as Cornwall
Cornwall
or Northumberland) continued to have the boundaries set in 1974. List of non-metropolitan counties[edit] The following list shows the original thirty-nine counties formed in 1974, subsequent changes in the 1990s, and further changes in 2009.

Non-metropolitan county
Non-metropolitan county
1974[5] Changes 1995–1998 Changes 2009

Avon (6 districts)‡ 1996: North West Somerset[6] (unitary) 2005: renamed North Somerset†

None

1996: Bath and North East Somerset[6] (unitary) None

1996: South Gloucestershire[6] (unitary) None

1996: City
City
of Bristol[6] (unitary) None

Bedfordshire
Bedfordshire
(4 districts) 1997: Bedfordshire[7] (3 districts) Bedford[8] (unitary)

Central Bedfordshire[8] (unitary)

1997: Luton[7] (unitary) None

Berkshire
Berkshire
(Royal County)[9] (6 districts) 1998: The county council was abolished, with each of the six district councils in the county becoming unitary authorities. The Royal County
County
of Berkshire
Berkshire
was not abolished.[10]

None

Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
(5 districts) 1997: Buckinghamshire[11] (4 districts) None

1997: Milton Keynes[11] (unitary) None

Cambridgeshire
Cambridgeshire
(6 districts) 1998: Cambridgeshire[12] (5 districts) None

1998: Peterborough[12] (unitary) None

Cheshire
Cheshire
(8 districts) 1998: Cheshire[13] (6 districts) 2009: Cheshire
Cheshire
East[14] (unitary)

2009: Cheshire
Cheshire
West and Chester[14] (unitary)

1998: Halton[13] (unitary) None

1998: Warrington[13] (unitary) None

Cleveland (4 districts) 1996: Hartlepool[15] (unitary) None

1996: Middlesbrough[15] (unitary) None

1996: Redcar and Cleveland[15] (unitary) None

1996: Stockton-on-Tees[15] (unitary) None

Cornwall
Cornwall
(6 districts) None 2009: Became unitary[16]

Cumbria
Cumbria
(6 districts) None None

Derbyshire
Derbyshire
(9 districts) 1997: Derby[17] (unitary) None

1997: Derbyshire[17] (8 districts) None

Devon
Devon
(10 districts) 1998: Devon[18] (8 districts) None

1998: Torbay[18] (unitary) None

1998: Plymouth[18] (unitary) None

Dorset
Dorset
(8 districts) 1997: Dorset[19] (6 districts) None

1997: Bournemouth[19] (unitary) None

1997: Poole[19] (unitary) None

Durham (8 districts) 1997: Darlington[20] (unitary) None

1997: Durham[20] (7 districts) 2009: County
County
Durham[21] (unitary)

East Sussex
East Sussex
(7 districts) 1997: East Sussex[22] (5 districts) None

1997: Brighton and Hove[22] (unitary) None

Essex
Essex
(14 districts) 1998: Essex[23] (12 districts) None

1998: Southend-on-Sea[23] (unitary) None

1998: Thurrock[23] (unitary) None

Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
(6 districts) None None

Hampshire
Hampshire
(13 districts) 1997: Hampshire[24] (11 districts) None

1997: Portsmouth[24] (unitary) None

1997: Southampton[24] (unitary) None

Hereford and Worcester (9 districts) 1998: Herefordshire[25] (unitary) None

1998: Worcestershire[25] (6 districts) None

Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
(10 districts) None None

Humberside
Humberside
(9 districts) 1996: East Riding of Yorkshire[26] (unitary) None

1996: City
City
of Kingston upon Hull[26] (unitary) None

1996: North Lincolnshire[26] (unitary) None

1996: North East Lincolnshire[26] (unitary) None

Isle of Wight
Isle of Wight
(2 districts) 1995: Became unitary[27] None

Kent
Kent
(14 districts) 1998: Kent[28] (12 districts) None

1998: The Medway
Medway
Towns[28] (unitary) 1998: renamed Medway

None

Lancashire
Lancashire
(14 districts) 1998: Lancashire[29] (12 districts) None

1998: Blackburn with Darwen[29] (unitary) None

1998: Blackpool[29] (unitary) None

Leicestershire
Leicestershire
(9 districts) 1997: Leicestershire[30] (7 districts) None

1997: Leicester[30] (unitary) None

1997: Rutland[30] (unitary) None

Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
(7 districts) None None

Norfolk
Norfolk
(7 districts) None None

North Yorkshire
North Yorkshire
(8 districts) 1996: North Yorkshire[31] (7 districts) None

1996: York[31] (unitary) None

Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
(7 districts) None None

Northumberland
Northumberland
(6 districts) None Became unitary[32]

Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
(8 districts) 1998: Nottinghamshire[33] (7 districts) None

1998: Nottingham[33] (unitary) None

Oxfordshire
Oxfordshire
(5 districts) None None

Salop (6 districts) 1980: renamed Shropshire

1998: Shropshire
Shropshire
(5 districts)[34] Became unitary[35]

1998: The Wrekin[34] (unitary) 1998: Renamed Telford and Wrekin

None

Somerset
Somerset
(5 districts) None None

Staffordshire
Staffordshire
(9 districts) 1997: Staffordshire[36] (8 districts) None

1997: Stoke-on-Trent[36] (unitary) None

Suffolk
Suffolk
(7 districts) None None

Surrey
Surrey
(11 districts) None None

Warwickshire
Warwickshire
(5 districts) None None

West Sussex
West Sussex
(7 districts) None None

Wiltshire
Wiltshire
(5 districts) 1997: Wiltshire[37] (4 districts) Became unitary[38]

1997: Thamesdown[37] (unitary) 1997: renamed Swindon

None

† The name of the non-metropolitan district and district council was changed to "North Somerset" by resolution of the council 11 July 1995. However this did not change the name of the county which had the same area. The Local Government Changes for England
England
(Miscellaneous Provision) Regulations 1995 gave district councils in a "county for which there is no county council and in which there is not more than one district" the additional power to change the name of the county. This was, however, not done until 2005.[39] ‡ Avon, as a non-metropolitan county, was abolished in 1996, in accordance with Avon (Structural Change) Order 1995. [40] Wales[edit] In Wales there was not a distinction between metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties, with all upper tier areas designated "counties".[41] The Local Government (Wales) Act 1994
Local Government (Wales) Act 1994
amended the 1972 Act, abolishing the Welsh counties and creating instead new Welsh principal areas, some of which are also designated "counties". For the purposes of lieutenancy the counties constituted in 1974 were preserved. See also[edit]

ISO 3166-2:GB, subdivision codes for the United Kingdom Political make-up of local councils in the United Kingdom#County councils

References[edit]

^ Jones, B. et al., Politics UK, (2004) ^ Davis, Howard (1997) 'Reviewing the review', Local Government Studies, 23:3, 5 - 17 ^ Local Government Act 1972
Local Government Act 1972
(c.70), S.1(1) ^ Hansard, Written Answers, 31 March 1995, col.830 ^ Local Government Act 1972
Local Government Act 1972
(c.70), Schedule I, Part II ^ a b c d "The Avon (Structural Change) Order 1995". Legislation.gov.uk. 2016-04-21. Retrieved 2017-01-09.  ^ a b "The Bedfordshire
Bedfordshire
( Borough of Luton) (Structural Change) Order 1995". Legislation.gov.uk. 2016-04-21. Retrieved 2017-01-09.  ^ a b "The Bedfordshire
Bedfordshire
(Structural Changes) Order 2008". Legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2017-01-09.  ^ Non-metropolitan county
Non-metropolitan county
of Berkshire
Berkshire
was granted royal status by letters patent in 1974 ^ "The Berkshire
Berkshire
(Structural Change) Order 1996". Legislation.gov.uk. 2015-03-12. Retrieved 2017-01-09.  ^ a b The Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
( Borough of Milton Keynes) (Structural Changes) Order 1995 ^ a b "The Cambridgeshire
Cambridgeshire
( City
City
of Peterborough) (Structural, Boundary and Electoral Changes) Order 1996". Legislation.gov.uk. 2015-03-12. Retrieved 2017-01-09.  ^ a b c "The Cheshire
Cheshire
(Boroughs of Halton and Warrington) (Structural Change) Order 1996". Legislation.gov.uk. 2015-03-12. Retrieved 2017-01-09.  ^ a b "The Cheshire
Cheshire
(Structural Changes) Order 2008". Legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2017-01-09.  ^ a b c d "The Cleveland Further (Provision Order) 1995". Legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2017-01-09.  ^ "The Cornwall
Cornwall
(Structural Change) Order 2008". Legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2017-01-09.  ^ a b "The Derbyshire
Derbyshire
( City
City
of Derby) (Structural Change) Order 1995". Legislation.gov.uk. 2015-03-06. Retrieved 2017-01-09.  ^ a b c The Devon
Devon
( City
City
of Plymouth
Plymouth
and Borough of Torbay) (Structural Change) Order 1996 ^ a b c "The Dorset
Dorset
(Boroughs of Poole
Poole
and Bournemouth) (Structural Change) Order 1995". Legislation.gov.uk. 2016-04-21. Retrieved 2017-01-09.  ^ a b "The Durham ( Borough of Darlington) (Structural Change) Order 1995". Legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2017-01-09.  ^ "The County
County
Durham (Structural Change) Order 2008". Legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2017-01-09.  ^ a b "The East Sussex
East Sussex
(Boroughs of Brighton and Hove) (Structural Change) Order 1995". Legislation.gov.uk. 2016-04-21. Retrieved 2017-01-09.  ^ a b c "The Essex
Essex
(Boroughs of Colchester, Southend-on-Sea
Southend-on-Sea
and Thurrock
Thurrock
and District
District
of Tendring) (Structural, Boundary and Electoral Changes) Order 1996". Legislation.gov.uk. 2015-03-12. Retrieved 2017-01-09.  ^ a b c "The Hampshire
Hampshire
(Cities of Portsmouth
Portsmouth
and Southampton) (Structural Change) Order 1995". Legislation.gov.uk. 2016-04-21. Retrieved 2017-01-09.  ^ a b "The Hereford and Worcester (Structural, Boundary and Electoral Changes) Order 1996". Legislation.gov.uk. 2016-09-26. Retrieved 2017-01-09.  ^ a b c d "The Humberside
Humberside
(Structural Change) Order 1995". Legislation.gov.uk. 2015-03-05. Retrieved 2017-01-09.  ^ "The Isle of Wight
Isle of Wight
(Structural Change) Order 1994". Legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2017-01-09.  ^ a b "The Kent
Kent
( Borough of Gillingham and City
City
of Rochester upon Medway) (Structural Change) Order 1996". Legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2017-01-09.  ^ a b c "The Lancashire
Lancashire
(Boroughs of Blackburn and Blackpool) (Structural Change) Order 1996". Legislation.gov.uk. 2016-09-26. Retrieved 2017-01-09.  ^ a b c "The Leicestershire
Leicestershire
( City
City
of Leicester
Leicester
and District
District
of Rutland) (Structural Change) Order 1996 (legislation.gov.uk website), accessed 2012-09-13".  ^ a b "The North Yorkshire
North Yorkshire
( District
District
of York) (Structural and Boundary Changes) Order 1995". Legislation.gov.uk. 2016-04-21. Retrieved 2017-01-09.  ^ "The Northumberland
Northumberland
(Structural Change) Order 2008". Legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2017-01-09.  ^ a b "The Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
( City
City
of Nottingham) (Structural Change) Order 1996 (legislation.gov.uk website), accessed 2012-09-13". Legislation.gov.uk. 2015-03-12. Retrieved 2017-01-09.  ^ a b "The Shropshire
Shropshire
( District
District
of The Wrekin) (Structural Change) Order 1996". Legislation.gov.uk. 2015-03-12. Retrieved 2017-01-09.  ^ "The Shropshire
Shropshire
(Structural Change) Order 2008". Legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2017-01-09.  ^ a b "The Staffordshire
Staffordshire
( City
City
of Stoke-on-Trent) (Structural and Boundary Changes) Order 1995". Legislation.gov.uk. 2016-04-21. Retrieved 2017-01-09.  ^ a b "The Wiltshire
Wiltshire
( Borough of Thamesdown) (Structural Change) Order 1995". Legislation.gov.uk. 2016-04-21. Retrieved 2017-01-09.  ^ "The Wiltshire
Wiltshire
(Structural Change) Order 2008". Legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2017-01-09.  ^ "Agendas, Minutes and Reports". 1 August 2009. Archived from the original on 1 August 2009.  ^ "Avon (Structural Change) Order 1995". Legislation.gov.uk. 2016-04-21. Retrieved 2017-01-09.  ^ Arnold-Baker, C., Local Government Act 1972, (1973)

External links[edit]

Map of the UK counties and unitary administrations Map of all UK local authorities

v t e

Subdivisions of England

Region

Regions NUTS 1 statistical regions of England

Ceremonial County

Ceremonial County

Administrative County

Metropolitan County Non-Metropolitan County Greater London

District

Metropolitan Borough Non-Metropolitan District London Borough

Unitary Authority

Unitary Authority

Sui-Generis

City
City
of London Isles of Scilly

Civil Parish

Civil Parish

v t e

Designations for types of administrative territorial entities

English terms

Common English terms1

Area

Insular area Local government area Protected area Special
Special
area Statistical area

Combined statistical area Metropolitan statistical area Micropolitan statistical area

Urban area

Canton

Half-canton

Borough

County
County
borough Metropolitan borough

Capital

Federal capital Imperial capital

City

City
City
state Autonomous city Charter city Independent city Incorporated city Imperial city Free imperial city Royal free city

Community

Autonomous community Residential community

County

Administrative county Autonomous county Consolidated city-county Metropolitan county

Non-metropolitan

Viscountcy

Country

Overseas country

Department

Overseas department

District

Capital district City
City
district Congressional district Electoral district Federal district Indian government district Land district Metropolitan district

Non-metropolitan district

Military district Municipal district Police district Regional district Rural district Sanitary district Subdistrict Urban district Special
Special
district

Division

Census division Police division Subdivision

Municipality

City
City
municipality County
County
municipality

Norway Nova Scotia Regional county municipality

Direct-controlled municipality District
District
municipality Mountain resort municipality Neutral municipality Regional municipality Resort municipality Rural municipality Specialized municipality

Prefecture

Autonomous prefecture Subprefecture Super-prefecture Praetorian prefecture

Province

Autonomous province Overseas province Roman province

Region

Administrative region Autonomous region Capital region Development region Economic region Mesoregion Microregion Overseas region Planning region Special
Special
administrative region Statistical region Subregion

Reserve

Biosphere reserve Ecological reserve Game reserve Indian reserve Nature reserve

State

Federal state Free state Sovereign state

Territory

Capital territory

Federal capital territory

Dependent territory Federal territory Military territory Organized incorporated territory Overseas territory Union territory Unorganized territory

Town

Census town Market town

Township

Charter township Civil township Paper township Survey township Urban township

Unit

Autonomous territorial unit Local administrative unit Municipal unit Regional unit

Zone

Economic zone

Exclusive economic zone Free economic zone Special
Special
economic zone

Free-trade zone Neutral zone Self-administered zone

Other English terms

Current

Alpine resort Bailiwick Banner

Autonomous

Block Cadastre Circle Circuit Colony Commune Condominium Constituency Duchy Eldership Emirate Federal dependency Governorate Hamlet Ilkhanate Indian reservation Manor

Royal

Muftiate Neighbourhood Parish Periphery Precinct Principality Protectorate Quarter Regency Autonomous republic Riding Sector

Autonomous

Shire Sultanate Suzerainty Townland Village

Administrative Summer

Ward

Historical

Agency Barony Burgh Exarchate Hide Hundred Imperial Circle March Monthon Presidency Residency Roman diocese Seat Tenth Tithing

Non-English or loanwords

Current

Amt Bakhsh Barangay Bezirk Regierungsbezirk Comune Frazione Fu Gemeinde Județ Kunta / kommun

Finland Sweden

Län Località Megye Muban Oblast

Autonomous

Okrug Ostān Poblacion Purok Shahrestān Sum Sýsla Tehsil Vingtaine

Historical

Commote Gau Heerlijkheid Köping Maalaiskunta Nome

Egypt Greece

Pagus Pargana Plasă Satrapy Socken Subah Syssel Zhou

v t e

Arabic
Arabic
terms for country subdivisions

First-level

Muhafazah (محافظة governorate) Wilayah (ولاية province) Mintaqah (منطقة region) Mudiriyah (مديرية directorate) Imarah (إمارة emirate) Baladiyah (بلدية municipality) Shabiyah (شعبية "popularate")

Second / third-level

Mintaqah (منطقة region) Qadaa (قضاء district) Nahiyah (ناحية subdistrict) Markaz (مركز district) Mutamadiyah (معتمدية "delegation") Daerah/Daïra (دائرة circle) Liwa (لواء banner / sanjak)

City / township-level

Amanah (أمانة municipality) Baladiyah (بلدية municipality) Ḥai (حي neighborhood / quarter) Mahallah (محلة) Qarya (قرية) Sheyakhah (شياخة "neighborhood subdivision")

English translations given are those most commonly used.

v t e

French terms for country subdivisions

arrondissement département préfecture subprefectures

v t e

Greek terms for country subdivisions

Modern

apokentromenes dioikiseis / geniki dioikisis§ / diamerisma§ / periphereia nomos§ / periphereiaki enotita demos / eparchia§ / koinotita§

Historical

archontia/archontaton bandon demos despotaton dioikesis doukaton droungos eparchia exarchaton katepanikion kephalatikion kleisoura meris naukrareia satrapeia strategis thema toparchia tourma

§ signifies a defunct institution

v t e

Portuguese terms for country subdivisions

Regional subdivisions

Estado Distrito federal Província Região Distrito Comarca Capitania

Local subdivisions

Município Concelho Freguesia Comuna Circunscrição

Settlements

Cidade Vila Aldeia Bairro Lugar

Historical subdivisions in italics.

v t e

Slavic terms for country subdivisions

Current

dzielnica gmina krai kraj krajina / pokrajina městys obec oblast / oblast' / oblasti / oblys / obwód / voblast' okręg okres okrug opština / općina / občina / obshtina osiedle powiat / povit raion selsoviet / silrada sołectwo voivodeship / vojvodina županija

Historical

darugha gromada guberniya / gubernia jurydyka khutor obshchina okolia opole pogost prowincja sorok srez starostwo / starostva uyezd volost ziemia župa

v t e

Spanish terms for country subdivisions

National, Federal

Comunidad autónoma Departamento Distrito federal Estado Provincia Región

Regional, Metropolitan

Cantón Comarca Comuna Corregimiento Delegación Distrito Mancomunidad Merindad Municipalidad Municipio Parroquia

Ecuador Spain

Urban, Rural

Aldea Alquería Anteiglesia Asentamiento

Asentamiento informal Pueblos jóvenes

Barrio Campamento Caserío Ciudad

Ciudad autónoma

Colonia Lugar Masía Pedanía Población Ranchería Sitio Vereda Villa Village
Village
(Pueblito/Pueblo)

Historical subdivisions in italics.

v t e

Turkish terms for country subdivisions

Modern

il (province) ilçe (district) şehir (city) kasaba (town) belediye (municipality) belde (community) köy (village) mahalle (neighbourhood/quarter)

Historical

ağalık (feudal district) bucak (subdistrict) beylerbeylik (province) kadılık (subprovince) kaza (sub-province) hidivlik (viceroyalty) mutasarrıflık (subprovince) nahiye (nahiyah) paşalık (province) reya (Romanian principalities) sancak (prefecture) vilayet (province) voyvodalık (Romanian provinces)

1 Used by ten or more countries or having derived terms. Historical derivations in italics. See also: Census division, Electoral district, Political division, and List of administrative di

.