Non-fiction or nonfiction is content (sometimes, in the form of a story) whose creator, in good faith, assumes responsibility for the truth or accuracy of the events, people, or information presented. In contrast, a story whose creator explicitly leaves open if and how the work refers to reality is usually classified as fiction. Nonfiction, which may be presented either objectively or subjectively, is traditionally one of the two main divisions of narratives (and, specifically, prose writing), the other traditional division being fiction, which contrasts with nonfiction by dealing in information, events, and characters expected to be partly or largely imaginary. Nonfiction's specific factual assertions and descriptions may or may not be accurate, and can give either a true or a false account of the subject in question. However, authors of such accounts genuinely believe or claim them to be truthful at the time of their composition or, at least, pose them to a convinced audience as historically or empirically factual. Reporting the beliefs of others in a nonfiction format is not necessarily an endorsement of the ultimate veracity of those beliefs, it is simply saying it is true that people believe them (for such topics as mythology). Nonfiction can also be written about fiction, typically known as literary criticism, giving information and analysis on these other works. Nonfiction need not necessarily be written text, since pictures and film can also purport to present a factual account of a subject.
1 Distinctions 2 Major types 3 Specific types 4 See also 5 References 6 External links
The numerous literary and creative devices used within fiction are
generally thought inappropriate for use in nonfiction. They are still
present particularly in older works but they are often muted so as not
to overshadow the information within the work. Simplicity, clarity and
directness are some of the most important considerations when
producing nonfiction. Audience is important in any artistic or
descriptive endeavor, but it is perhaps most important in nonfiction.
In fiction, the writer believes that readers will make an effort to
follow and interpret an indirectly or abstractly presented progression
of theme, whereas the production of nonfiction has more to do with the
direct provision of information. Understanding of the potential
readers' use for the work and their existing knowledge of a subject
are both fundamental for effective nonfiction. Despite the truth of
nonfiction, it is often necessary to persuade the reader to agree with
the ideas and so a balanced, coherent and informed argument is vital.
However, the boundaries between fiction and nonfiction are continually
blurred and argued upon, especially in the field of biography; as
Factual television (e.g. television documentaries)
Guides and manuals
Documentary practice List of non-fictional genres
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nonfiction.
^ a b Farner, Geir (2014). "Chapter 2: What is
Look up non-fiction in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
Library resources about Nonfiction
Resources in your library
What is Cr